Encyclopedia Astronautica
April 09


April 09 Chronology


1940 April 9 - .
  • Hitler invades Norway, Denmark - . Nation: Germany.

1940 April 9 - .
  • Birth of Vasily Dmitriyevich Shcheglov - . Nation: Russia; Ukraine. Summary: Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1965-1972. Graduated from Yeisk Higher Military Pilot School, 1963 Cosmonaut training November 1965 - December 1967. Withdrawn from cosmonaut team for medical reasons..

1947 April 9 - . 00:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 23.
  • Solar ultraviolet / chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; APL. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi). Summary: Launched 17:13 local time. Reached 102.4 km. Carried cosmic and solar radiation, photo experiments for Applied Physics Lab, John Hopkins University..

1948 April 9 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 85 - . Crew: Lundquist. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 49. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Lundquist. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Summary: AF flight 27. Powered pilot-check flight..

1948 April 9 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 84 - . Crew: Lilly. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 36. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Lilly. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Summary: NACA flight 16. Stability and loads investigation. Mach 0.89..

1949 April 9 - . Launch Vehicle: G-3; G-4.
  • Ustinov instructs German rocket engineers to design '3000/3000' missile. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Ustinov. Summary: Ustinov's requirement was to deliver a 3000 kg nuclear warhead over a 3000 km range (eg to reach the United Kingdom)..

1950 April 9 - .
1952 April 9 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LA. Launch Pad: LA?. LV Family: Matador. Launch Vehicle: Matador. LV Configuration: Matador GM-559.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1953 April 9 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 328P.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 April 9 - . 21:12 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-10 NRL 18.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi). Summary: Gas composition research. Launched at 1412 local time. Reached 143 km..

1955 April 9 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-1. Launch Vehicle: R-1 8A11. LV Configuration: R-1 8A11 No 1811.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1956 April 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 April 9 - . 15:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-25. LV Configuration: Aerobee AJ10-25 USAF 77.
  • Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi). Summary: Micrometeorites research. Launched at 0819 local time. Reached 61 km..

1959 April 9 - .
  • First group of US astronauts announced - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Glennan. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Summary: At a press conference in Washington, D.C., NASA Administrator T. Keith Glennan announced the seven pilots had been selected for the Mercury program..

1961 April 9 - . 09:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC51. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka. LV Configuration: R-9 No. E10308.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi). Summary: The R-9 launch went normally, from the launch pad adjacent to that from which Yuri Gagarin would be launched three days later, in view of the cosmonauts..

1962 April 9 - . 15:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B. LV Configuration: Atlas Agena B 110D.
  • Midas 5 - . Payload: Midas / Agena TV 1203. Mass: 1,860 kg (4,100 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Military. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Midas. USAF Sat Cat: 271 . COSPAR: 1962-Kappa-1. Apogee: 3,405 km (2,115 mi). Perigee: 2,784 km (1,729 mi). Inclination: 86.7000 deg. Period: 152.90 min. Summary: Missile Defense Alarm System..
  • West Ford Drag - . Payload: West Ford Drag Experiment. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft: WestFord Needles. Decay Date: 1962-05-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 272 . COSPAR: 1962-Kappa-2.

1962 April 9 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC11. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F. LV Configuration: Atlas F 11F. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF.

1963 April 9 - .
  • Vostok proposed as the first 'space trainer'. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Keldysh; Korolev. Spacecraft: Vostok. In a meeting between the VVS and OKB-1 engineers, Korolev and Keldysh push for acceptance by the military and use of Vostok as the first 'space trainer'. Cosmonauts would train for spaceflight on Vostok missions before being assigned to operational flights aboard Soyuz.. This was consistent with aircraft practice (e.g. where the first effective jet fighter, the MiG-15, was converted to the MiG-15UTI and became the standard jet trainer for the VVS). It also envisioned a future where operational Vostok and Soyuz spacecraft would be mass-produced by the military and flown as regularly as fighter aircraft.

1963 April 9 - .
  • Birth of Timothy Lennart Kopra - . Nation: USA. Summary: American engineer mission specialist astronaut, 2000-on. US Army.

1963 April 9 - . 20:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.108GI.
  • D-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 163 km (101 mi).

1964 April 9 - . 14:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.134IA.
  • Rehbar 4? (Na) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1964 April 9 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2. LV Configuration: Titan II N-3A.
  • Research and development / Pod RVIP test / plume study mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). This Air Force conducted test program contributed significantly to the development of the Gemini launch vehicle; the Gemini malfunction detection system was tested on five flights, Gemini guidance components on three, and the longitudinal oscillation fix on four. In addition to flight testing these (and other) critical components, these flights also enhanced confidence in the use of the Titan II as a launch vehicle. Thirty-two Titan II test flights were analyzed to determine whether any characteristic of the flight would have demanded a Gemini abort; 22 were adjudged successful from the standpoint of a Gemini mission, nine would have required Gemini to abort, and one resulted in a prelaunch shutdown.

1965 April 9 - .
  • Manned space flight control transferred to Houston - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Mueller. Program: Apollo. George E. Mueller, Associate Administrator for Manned Space Flight, announced the transfer of control over manned space flights from Cape Kennedy, Fla., to Houston, Texas. MSC's Mission Control Center would direct the flights from end of liftoff through recovery.

1965 April 9 - . 01:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7C. LV Configuration: Skylark-7C SL303.
  • LUX Solar AC3 Solar x-ray and ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1965 April 9 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Blue Scout Jr. LV Configuration: Blue Scout Jr 22-9.
  • OAR 22-9 / AFWL-14 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 25,422 km (15,796 mi).

1965 April 9 - . 19:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 44.3 S x 77.7 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.231UI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 191 km (118 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP36 - - Latitude: 44.25 S - Longitude: 77.67 W..

1965 April 9 - . 20:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 44.4 S x 77.8 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.63UA.
  • UM Pitot 12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP37 - - Latitude: 44.38 S - Longitude: 77.78 W..

1966 April 9 - .
  • Cost and schedule estimates for MSFC to integrate the ATM with the LEM. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Apollo ATM. In response to a request from Deputy Administrator Robert C. Seamans, Jr., Saturn/Apollo Applications Deputy Director John H. Disher asked Jerry McCall, MSFC' Deputy Director for Research and Development Operations, to prepare cost and schedule estimates for 'MSFC to integrate the ATM with the LEM. This request stemmed from a desire by the Office of Space Science and Applications (OSSA) to acquire ATM experiment data during upcoming periods of maximum solar activity. Disher listed guidelines for the MSFC estimates: OSSA-desired flight dates were April 1968, February 1969, and February 1970. Goddard Space Flight Center would be responsible for development of experiments aboard the ATM, as well as for the mounting structure and thermal provisions. MSFC would be responsible for development of modification kits to convert all Apollo lunar-landing-configured LEM to an AAP laboratory configuration (including provisions for reuse after three to six mouths storage in orbit); for development of interface modification kits needed to integrate the ATM and its experiments with the AAP LEM laboratory; and for installation of the modification kits and the ATM system in the LEM at KSC prior to checkout and launch. In addition, Disher told McCall that MSFC should examine two approaches to ATM LEM integration: (1) gimbal mounted and (2) hard mounted with provisions for momentum transfer for fine pointing control.

1967 April 9 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.330IE.
  • DLR K-NA-3 Aurora / barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi).

1968 April 9 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique AGI. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI AGI 62.
  • FU-184 Sea recovery test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi). Summary: FU184 Technology (sea recovery) mission..

1968 April 9 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01V-4 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 April 9 - . 11:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 211 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 13. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1968-04-13 . Decay Date: 1968-11-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 3181 . COSPAR: 1968-028A. Apogee: 1,532 km (951 mi). Perigee: 199 km (123 mi). Inclination: 81.9000 deg. Period: 102.30 min. Summary: Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1968 April 9 - . 21:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.40UA.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Dayglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 856 km (531 mi).

1969 April 9 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25C. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon. LV Configuration: Poseidon C3XD-6.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1969 April 9 - . 09:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1969 April 9 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 278 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 78. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1969-04-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 3883 . COSPAR: 1969-034A. Apogee: 310 km (190 mi). Perigee: 198 km (123 mi). Inclination: 65.4000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

1969 April 9 - . 20:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache Ferdinand 20.
  • Ferdinand 20 Aeronomy / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1970 April 9 - .
  • State Commission is held to review issues of the Soyuz 9 flight. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Mishin. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 9. All is ready for a flight in April, but the Communist Party resolution says the flight has to wait for May. The Soyuz ECS is designed to only operate for five days, but will have to operate 3 to 4 times longer for this mission. Various problems are identified and reviewed. Mishin wants to accept a carbon dioxide level in the cabin atmosphere double the percentage considered acceptable earlier. Plans are made for a quick flight of the crew after the long duration mission to Moscow for extensive physical examinations.

1971 April 9 - .
  • State Commission meets at new MIK. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Shatalov; Yeliseyev; Rukavishnikov. Program: Salyut. Flight: Soyuz 10; Soyuz 11; Soyuz 12 / DOS 1. DOS-7K#1 will be ready on 19 April. The first crew is completely trained. During the day the engineers of the second and third crews train aboard the station. Afterwards the technicians fix the defects they have noted. The evening film is 'Beginning'. There are many high-level guests at Area 2. After the film the brass try out the training machines that will be used aboard the station - they tire quickly.

1973 April 9 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Mod 2 state trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 April 9 - . 05:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Ute Tomahawk CRL A09.303-2.
  • Churchill 74 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1975 April 9 - . 23:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 1410. LV Configuration: Delta 1410 584/D109.
  • Geos 3 - . Payload: GEOS C. Mass: 341 kg (751 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Wallops. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: Geos. USAF Sat Cat: 7734 . COSPAR: 1975-027A. Apogee: 848 km (526 mi). Perigee: 817 km (507 mi). Inclination: 115.0000 deg. Period: 101.60 min. Geodynamics Experimental Ocean Satellite. The mission of GEOS 3 (Geodynamics Experimental Ocean Satellite) was to provide the stepping stone between the National Geodetic Satellite Program (NGSP) and the Earth and Ocean Physics Application Program. It provided data to refine the geodetic and geophysical results of the NGSP and served as a test for new systems. A major achievment was the flight of a radar altimeter. Further mission objectives: intercomparison of tracking systems, investigation of solid-earth dynamic phenomena through precision laser tracking, refinement of orbit determination techniques, determination of interdatum ties and gravity models, and support of the calibration and position determination of NASA Spaceflight Tracking and Data Network (STDN) S-band tracking stations.

1976 April 9 - .
  • Birth of Serena Maria Aun - . Nation: USA. Summary: American physician mission specialist astronaut, 2009-on..

1976 April 9 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 813 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1976-04-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 8801 . COSPAR: 1976-033A. Apogee: 236 km (146 mi). Perigee: 209 km (129 mi). Inclination: 81.3000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule..

1978 April 9 - . 04:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B NASA 27.10AE.
  • E / / B Aurora active mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 247 km (153 mi).

1979 April 9 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1980 April 9 - . 13:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Soyuz 35 - . Call Sign: Dnepr (Dnieper ). Crew: Popov; Ryumin. Backup Crew: Andreyev; Zudov. Payload: Soyuz 7K-T s/n 51. Mass: 6,800 kg (14,900 lb). Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Popov; Ryumin; Andreyev; Zudov. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Salyut 6 EO-4. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-T. Duration: 55.06 days. Decay Date: 1980-06-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 11753 . COSPAR: 1980-027A. Apogee: 247 km (153 mi). Perigee: 197 km (122 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. Summary: Manned two crew. Docked with Salyut 6. Carried crew comprising L I Popov and V V Ryumin to the Salyut-6 station to carry out scientific and technical research and experiments..

1981 April 9 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53798-322.
  • Cosmos 1263 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. USAF Sat Cat: 12388 . COSPAR: 1981-033A. Apogee: 1,684 km (1,046 mi). Perigee: 387 km (240 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 105.90 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1982 April 9 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: MUSSON. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1983 April 9 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki T 1-0460.
  • Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1983 April 9 - .
1984 April 9 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 645. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1984 April 9 - . 05:16 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 645. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 April 9 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Primrose Lake. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1986 April 9 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1739 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 59.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-06-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 16677 . COSPAR: 1986-028A. Apogee: 326 km (202 mi). Perigee: 171 km (106 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1987 April 9 - . 11:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1835 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 56.00 days. Decay Date: 1987-06-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 17849 . COSPAR: 1987-032A. Apogee: 343 km (213 mi). Perigee: 170 km (100 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1988 April 9 - . 00:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB NASA 21.97GE.
  • ERRRIS I Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1989 April 9 - . 04:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 10B. LV Configuration: Black Brant XB NASA 35.022GE.
  • Barium release + Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 700 km (430 mi).

1990 April 9 - . 08:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.67UG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1991 April 9 - . 18:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-187.
  • SISSI 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi).

1992 April 9 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9BM1. LV Configuration: Black Brant 9BM1 MASER 5.
  • MASER 5 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 317 km (196 mi).

1994 April 9 - . 11:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-59.
  • STS-59 - . Call Sign: Endeavour. Crew: Apt; Chilton; Clifford; Godwin; Gutierrez; Jones. Payload: Endeavour F06 / MAPS. Mass: 12,490 kg (27,530 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Apt; Chilton; Clifford; Godwin; Gutierrez; Jones. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-59. Spacecraft: Endeavour. Duration: 11.24 days. Decay Date: 1994-04-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 23042 . COSPAR: 1994-020A. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 56.9000 deg. Period: 88.40 min. Carried SIR-C SAR radar. Payloads: Space Radar Laboratory (SRL) 1; Consortium for Materials Development in Space Com-plex Autonomous Payload (CONCAP) IV; three getaway special (GAS) payloads; Space Tissue Loss (STL) A, B; Visual Function Tester (VFT) 4; Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment (SAREX) II.
  • MAPS - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. Decay Date: 1994-04-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 23042 . COSPAR: 1994-020xx. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi). Perigee: 202 km (125 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 88.60 min.
  • SRL-1 - . Payload: SRL PLT. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. Decay Date: 1994-04-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 23042 . COSPAR: 1994-020xx. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi). Perigee: 202 km (125 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 88.60 min.

1995 April 9 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 734. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5. LV Configuration: Trident D-5 FCET-13.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1995 April 9 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 734. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5. LV Configuration: Trident D-5 FCET-13.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1995 April 9 - . 19:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Progress M-27 - . Payload: Progress M s/n 227. Mass: 7,170 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Mir EO-18. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 43.33 days. Completed Operations Date: 1995-05-23 03:27:40 . Decay Date: 1995-05-23 03:27:40 . USAF Sat Cat: 23555 . COSPAR: 1995-020A. Apogee: 399 km (247 mi). Perigee: 396 km (246 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.50 min. Unmanned resupply vessel to Mir; carried GFZ-1 German sub-satellite to Mir. Docked with Mir on 11 Apr 1995 21:00:44 GMT. Undocked on 22 May 1995 23:42:37 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 23 May 1995 03:27:52 GMT. Total free-flight time 2.22 days. Total docked time 41.11 days.

1997 April 9 - . 08:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78M-2BL PVB76032-647.
  • Cosmos 2340 - . Payload: Oko #77. Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: Lavochkin. Class: Military. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 24761 . COSPAR: 1997-015A. Apogee: 37,201 km (23,115 mi). Perigee: 3,164 km (1,966 mi). Inclination: 65.2000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. Summary: Covered Oko constellation planes 8/9 - 217 degree longitude of ascending node..

1999 April 9 - . 17:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 402B/IUS. LV Configuration: Titan 402B 4B-27 / IUS K-32. FAILURE: IUS first and second stages failed to separate.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • USA 142 - . Payload: DSP-1 Block 18 F19. Mass: 2,380 kg (5,240 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: TRW. Class: Military. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: DSP. USAF Sat Cat: 25669 . COSPAR: 1999-017A. Apogee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Perigee: 720 km (440 mi). Inclination: 28.0000 deg. The Titan 4B placed the IUS upper stages and DSP-1 Block 14 ballistic missile launch detection satellite. payload into a 188 km x 718 km x 28.6 deg parking orbit. The first stage of the IUS burned at 18:14 GMT and put the second stage and payload into a geosynchronous transfer orbit. The IUS second stage fired at 23:34 GMT in order to place the spacecraft in geosynchronous orbit. However, at least one connector remained attached between the stages, and the second stage motor nozzle did not extend properly. When the stage fired, the vehicle tumbled wildly during the burn. Separation of the DSP was achieved. Although it could not perform its primary mission, it did provide a good test case in that the effects of radiation on its systems could be monitored as they underwent twice-daily passages of the Van Allen Radiation Belts. However after some weeks the hydrazine propellant aboard the satellite vented into space due to a broken fuel line. It was believed this had been induced by the wild ride aboard the IUS-2 stage.

2002 April 9 - .
2003 April 9 - . 22:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G. LV Configuration: Ariane 5G V160 (514) Cities of Bordeaux/Colleferro.
  • Insat 3A - . Mass: 2,958 kg (6,521 lb). Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Program: Insat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Insat 3. USAF Sat Cat: 27714 . COSPAR: 2003-013A. Apogee: 35,802 km (22,246 mi). Perigee: 35,771 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Return to flight of Ariane 5G after grounded following Ariane 5EC-A failure. Launch delayed from February 24, April 8, 2003. Satellite also had meteorological instruments. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 93.48E drifting at 0.009W degrees per day..
  • Galaxy 12 - . Mass: 1,792 kg (3,950 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: PanAmSat. Manufacturer: OSC. Program: Galaxy. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 27715 . COSPAR: 2003-013B. Apogee: 35,791 km (22,239 mi). Perigee: 35,784 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 125.09W drifting at 0.001W degrees per day..

2004 April 9 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-18 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fincke; Foale; Kaleri; Kuipers; Padalka. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-8. Three weeks remain in the six-month voyage aboard the International Space Station for Commander Mike Foale and Flight Engineer Alexander Kaleri as the Expedition 8 crew prepares to return home later this month. Their week aboard the station focused on wrapping up science experiments and tidying up for their replacement crew, which is in Russia for launch preparations. Additional Details: International Space Station Status Report #04-18.

2007 April 9 - . 22:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton/Briz M. LV Configuration: Proton-M/Briz-M 535-16.
  • Anik F3 - . Payload: Eurostar 3000S. Mass: 4,634 kg (10,216 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: Telesat. Manufacturer: Friedrichshafen. Program: Anik. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 31102 . COSPAR: 2007-009A. Apogee: 35,795 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,781 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.20 min. Summary: Communications satellite with C, Ku and Ka band transponders..

2008 April 9 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 04/09/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kononenko, O D; Malenchenko; Reisman; Volkov, Sergey; Whitson; Yi So-yeon. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-3; ISS EO-17; STS-124. Soyuz TMA-12/16S, with Expedition 17 crewmembers CDR Sergei Alexandrovich Volkov (CDR) and Oleg Dmitrievich Kononenko (FE-1), plus Korean SFP (Spaceflight Participant) So-Yeon Yi, 14th Visiting Crewmember (VC) to spend time on the station, continues to catch up with the ISS for the docking tomorrow morning at ~9:02am EDT.

    (FD1 activities yesterday included the first two maneuver burns, DV1 (10:57am) & DV2 (11:50am), both with the SKD main engine. FD2 activities, started yesterday afternoon with Soyuz crew wakeup at ~4:05pm on Orbit 12, include systems & crew health status reports to TsUP, preparation of the Soyuz Habitation Module (SA) workspace, building attitude for and executing the DV3 burn, placing Soyuz back in its sun-spinning "barbecue" mode (ISK), and swapping CO2 absorption cartridges (LiOH) in the BO. Afterwards, the crewmembers will put on their Sokol suits and PKO biomed harnesses, transfer to the SA, activate its air purification system (SOA) and close the hatch to the Descent Module (BO). After activation of the active Kurs-A system on Soyuz and of the passive Kurs-P on the Service Module (SM), with a short Kurs-A/P test and several additional adjustment burns during automated rendezvous, station fly-around to align with the DC1 Docking Compartment will begin tomorrow at ~8:37am at ~400m range, followed by station keeping at ~160m (~8:46am) and docking at the DC1 port at ~9:02am. Volkov & Kononenko will replace Expedition 16 CDR Whitson & FE-1 Malenchenko. FE-2 Dr. Garrett Reisman remains on the station, joining Expedition 17 until early June when he is replaced by U.S. Astronaut Gregory E. Chamitoff on STS-124/1J. So-Yeon Yi, the 30-year old biotechnologist student from KAIST (Korea Advanced Institute of Science & Technology) and South Korea's first astronaut, will return with Peggy & Yuri on 4/19 in Soyuz TMA-11/15S.) Additional Details: ISS On-Orbit Status 04/09/08.


2010 April 9 - .
  • EVA STS-131-1 - . Crew: Mastracchio; Anderson, Clayton. EVA Type: Extravehicular activity. EVA Duration: 0.27 days. Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-131; ISS EO-23; ISS EO-22. Summary: Relocated a new ammonia tank from the Shuttle's payload bay to a temporary stowage location and disconnected the fluid lines to the old ammonia tank on the S1 truss. Retrieved a Japanese seed experiment from the exterior of the Kibo laboratory for return .

2011 April 9 - . 20:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-3A.
  • Beidou IGS 3 - . Payload: Beidou DW8. Nation: China. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou. USAF Sat Cat: 37384 . COSPAR: 2011-013A. Apogee: 35,874 km (22,291 mi). Perigee: 35,696 km (22,180 mi). Inclination: 55.3000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. Summary: Beidou-2 second generation navigation satellite..

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