Encyclopedia Astronautica
April 17


April 17 Chronology


1947 April 17 - . 23:22 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 24.
  • Grenades Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; GE. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi). Launched 14:22 local time. Reached 142.7 km. Carried pressure, temperature (Signal Corps Engineering Lab, University of Michigan) experiments for General Electric. The warhead section was replaced with an instrumented full-scale replica of the cylindrical GE A-4 ramjet duct planned for the Hermes B ramjet missile.

1951 April 17 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LA. Launch Vehicle: Lark. LV Configuration: Lark 232.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 8.00 km (4.90 mi).

1952 April 17 - .
  • Bell proposal for Bomi. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Dynasoar; Bomi. Summary: The Bell Aircraft Company offered a proposal to the Wright Air Development Center for a manned bomber-missile, known as Bomi..

1952 April 17 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LA. Launch Vehicle: Lark. LV Configuration: Lark 601. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1954 April 17 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 1319R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 April 17 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC3. LV Family: X-17. Launch Vehicle: X-17. LV Configuration: X-17 R-1.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1957 April 17 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC4. LV Family: Bomarc. Launch Vehicle: Bomarc. LV Configuration: Bomarc 624-1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1958 April 17 - .
  • Birth of Sergei Yuriyevich Vozovikov - . Nation: Kazakhstan. Summary: Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1990-1993. Graduated from Higher Military Pilot School, Armavir, 1979 Cosmonaut training 1 October 1990 - 6 March 1992..

1958 April 17 - . 10:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1. LV Configuration: Skylark-1 SL07.
  • Grenade / Chaff / Sodium release Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1959 April 17 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Arrow II.
  • RW-125 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1961 April 17 - .
  • Bay of Pigs - . Nation: USA. Summary: Cuba invaded at Bay of Pigs by an estimated 1,200 anti-Castro exiles aided by U.S.; invasion crushed .

1962 April 17 - . 09:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.42GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1962 April 17 - . 09:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.20CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 201 km (124 mi).

1962 April 17 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NA3.114F?.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 286 km (177 mi).

1963 April 17 - .
  • Preliminary configuration freeze for the Apollo LEM - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM; LM Landing Gear. At a mechanical systems meeting at MSC, customer and contractor achieved a preliminary configuration freeze for the LEM. Several features of the design of the two stages were agreed upon:

    Descent
    four cylindrical propellant tanks (two oxidizer and two fuel); four- legged deployable landing gear
    Ascent
    a cylindrical crew cabin (about 234 centimeters (92 inches) in diameter) and a cylindrical tunnel (pressurized) for equipment stowage; an external equipment bay.
    Additional Details: Preliminary configuration freeze for the Apollo LEM.

1963 April 17 - .
  • Nelyubov, Anikeyev, and Filatyev dismissed from the cosmonaut corps. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Nelyubov; Anikeyev; Filatyev. Summary: The VVS General Staff issues a decree discharging Nelyubov, Anikeyev, and Filatyev from the cosmonaut corps. .

1963 April 17 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 608. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1963 April 17 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 608. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1963 April 17 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 608. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1963 April 17 - . 09:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7C. LV Configuration: Skylark-7C SL167.
  • Grenade / Sphere / Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 236 km (146 mi).

1964 April 17 - .
  • Manned Apollo LEM drop tests - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM; LM Structural. Grumman conducted manned drop tests to determine the LEM crew's ability to land the spacecraft from a standing position. All tests were run with the subject in an unpressurized suit in a "hands off" standing position with no restraint system or arm rests.

1964 April 17 - .
1964 April 17 - . 00:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5A. LV Configuration: Black Brant VA AF-VA-35/03.
  • Daytime ne Test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1964 April 17 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.142GA.
  • Density Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1965 April 17 - .
  • Voskhod plans - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Volynov; Katys; Beregovoi; Demin; Ponomaryova; Solovyova. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3; Voskhod 4; Voskhod 5. Despite opposition, Kamanin goes ahead with his plans. The 10-day duration artificial gravity flight is planned for October 1965, with Volynov and Katys as the crew. In the first half of 1966 Beregovoi and Demin will fly the long-duration mission, and Ponomaryova and Solovyova will fly an all-female spacewalk mission. However the Americans have announced they will fly a Gemini mission for a 7 to 8 day duration by the end of the year; the Soviets may have to adjust this plan to ensure that they retain the lead in manned spaceflight. Kamanin has told the female cosmonauts of their planned flight, but also warned them there is serious opposition in some quarters.

1965 April 17 - . 09:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. LV Configuration: Voskhod 11A57 G15000-11.
  • Cosmos 65 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1965-04-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 1320 . COSPAR: 1965-029A. Apogee: 315 km (195 mi). Perigee: 207 km (128 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; also carried weather experiments..

1967 April 17 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2. LV Configuration: Minuteman 2 2143.
  • ERCS 3 Communications mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). Summary: Last Emergency Rocket Communications Satellite test.

1967 April 17 - . 07:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur D. LV Configuration: Atlas Centaur D AC-12 / Centaur D 292D.
  • Surveyor 3 - . Payload: Surveyor SC-3. Mass: 283 kg (623 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; JPL. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Surveyor. Decay Date: 1967-04-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 2756 . COSPAR: 1967-035A. Summary: Soft landed on Moon; perrformed soil sample tests and imaged lunar surface..

1968 April 17 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 3B. LV Configuration: Titan IIIB 3B-15.
  • OPS 5105 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 13 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1968-04-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 3199 . COSPAR: 1968-031A. Apogee: 421 km (261 mi). Perigee: 127 km (78 mi). Inclination: 111.4000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. Summary: KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1969 April 17 - .
  • HL-10 Flight 15 - . Crew: Manke. Payload: HL-10 flight 15. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Manke. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: HL-10. Summary: 3 chambers. Maximum Speed - 973 kph. Maximum Altitude - 16070 m. Flight Time - 400 sec..

1969 April 17 - .
  • X-24 Flight 1 - . Crew: Gentry. Payload: X-24A flight 1. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gentry. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: X-24A. Summary: Glide. Maximum Speed - 763 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13720 m. Flight Time - 217 sec..

1969 April 17 - . 05:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL606.
  • UK SL606 Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1969 April 17 - . 06:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.80CE.
  • Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1969 April 17 - . 16:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.274DS.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1969 April 17 - . 21:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B. LV Configuration: Dragon 2B D-260.
  • FU-190 E field / Barium release Ionosphere / barium release mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 329 km (204 mi).

1970 April 17 - .
  • Landing of Apollo 13 - . Return Crew: Haise; Lovell; Swigert. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Haise; Lovell; Swigert. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 13. About four hours before reentry on April 17, the service module was jettisoned and the crew took photographs and made visual observations of the damaged area. About one hour before splashdown the command module was powered up and the lunar module was jettisoned. Parachutes were deployed as planned, and the Odyssey landed in the mid-Pacific 6.4 kilometers from the recovery ship U.S.S. Iwo Jima at 1:07 p.m. EST (18:07 GMT). The astronauts were picked up by helicopter and transported to the recovery ship less than an hour after splashdown.

1970 April 17 - .
  • Apollo 13 Review Board established - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 13. Summary: NASA Hq. established an Apollo 13 Review Board to investigate the Apollo 13 accident..

1970 April 17 - . 18:07 GMT - .
  • Safe splashdown of Apollo 13 - . Nation: USA. Flight: Apollo 13. About four hours before reentry, the service module was jettisoned and the crew took photographs and made visual observations of the damaged area. About one hour before splashdown the command module was powered up and the lunar module was jettisoned. Parachutes were deployed as planned, and the Odyssey landed in the mid-Pacific 6.4 kilometers from the recovery ship U.S.S. Iwo Jima at 18:07 GMT April 17. The astronauts were picked up by helicopter and transported to the recovery ship less than an hour after splashdown.

1971 April 17 - .
  • Soyuz 10 crew preparations. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Shatalov; Yeliseyev; Rukavishnikov. Program: Salyut. Flight: Soyuz 10. The day dawns warm at Baikonur (7 deg C at 7 am). The cosmonauts' morning is spent in a review of the space station's guidance and control systems. In the afternoon there is a briefing by officers of IAKM-VVS on use of the vacuum facility 'Polinom' during the flight. The cosmonauts are against use of the device.

1971 April 17 - . 11:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Meteor 1-08 - . Payload: Meteor M no. 8. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor M 11F614. Decay Date: 1991-01-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 5142 . COSPAR: 1971-031A. Apogee: 248 km (154 mi). Perigee: 243 km (150 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Summary: Acquisition of meteorological information needed for use by the weather service. .

1972 April 17 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1973 April 17 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M. LV Configuration: Veronique 61M 61M/95.
  • FU-200 Solar ultraviolet Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Summary: FU200 3SUV, UV solar astronomy / Ptr mission..

1973 April 17 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 AC SL1011.
  • Mod collimator X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 214 km (132 mi).

1974 April 17 - . 10:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC NASA 21.26UE.
  • ECHO III Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 275 km (170 mi).

1975 April 17 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein Meck. Launch Vehicle: Spartan. LV Configuration: Spartan ABM PFT-5.
  • Safeguard M2-545 Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1976 April 17 - .
  • Closest Ever Flyby of the Sun by Spacecraft (Helios 2) - . Nation: Germany. Spacecraft: Helios.

1978 April 17 - . 14:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Thule AFB. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1979 April 17 - . 21:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1980 April 17 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1173 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKM. Duration: 11.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-04-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 11763 . COSPAR: 1980-029A. Apogee: 352 km (218 mi). Perigee: 174 km (108 mi). Inclination: 70.3000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1981 April 17 - . 20:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1982 April 17 - . 06:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.59GG.
  • UIT Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 279 km (173 mi).

1983 April 17 - . 05:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota SLV. LV Family: SLV. Launch Vehicle: SLV-3. LV Configuration: SLV-3-D4 SLV-3-D4.
  • Rohini 3 - . Payload: Rohini RS-D-2. Mass: 42 kg (92 lb). Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Rohini. Decay Date: 1990-04-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 14002 . COSPAR: 1983-033A. Apogee: 485 km (301 mi). Perigee: 326 km (202 mi). Inclination: 46.6000 deg. Period: 92.70 min. Summary: Rohini satellite D-2. Second developmental flight of an SLV-3 launch vehicle. The Rohini satellite D-2 carried a sensor payload for conducting remote-sensing experiments and for accurate orbit and attitude determination. .

1984 April 17 - . 18:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B. LV Configuration: Titan 24B 24B-28 (3B-67).
  • OPS 8424 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 54 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1984-08-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 14935 . COSPAR: 1984-039A. Apogee: 311 km (193 mi). Perigee: 127 km (78 mi). Inclination: 96.4000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. Summary: KH-8 type satellite. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

1985 April 17 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: K65M-RB.
  • BOR-5 re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: UNKS. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Summary: Suborbital test of 1/8 scale model of Buran. Typical trajectory: ascent to 120 km; pitch down to drive model in atmosphere at 45 degree at Mach 18.5. None were reflown but at least 4 were recovered..

1986 April 17 - . 21:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53726-198.
  • Cosmos 1741 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 16681 . COSPAR: 1986-030A. Apogee: 801 km (497 mi). Perigee: 773 km (480 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.60 min. Summary: Replaced Cosmos 1503..

1987 April 17 - . 19:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1988 April 17 - . 10:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: PRILIV. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1990 April 17 - .
  • Death of Ronald Ellwin Jr 'Ron' Evans at Scottsdale, Arizona. Natural causes - Heart attack. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Evans. Summary: American pilot astronaut. Flew on Apollo 17..

1990 April 17 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.63UG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1990 April 17 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 2073 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 11.00 days. Decay Date: 1990-04-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 20573 . COSPAR: 1990-035A. Apogee: 239 km (148 mi). Perigee: 173 km (107 mi). Inclination: 82.4000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Summary: Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1991 April 17 - . 07:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 10CM1. LV Configuration: Black Brant 10CM1 SDI BP-2.
  • SPFE 2 (LACE Target) Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1993 April 17 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.095UH.
  • Colorado SXT X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 254 km (157 mi).

1993 April 17 - .
1995 April 17 - .
  • WIRE contract issued - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: WIRE.

1996 April 17 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Topol. Launch Vehicle: Topol.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1997 April 17 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36MU 15A18.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1997 April 17 - . 13:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2341 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: Polyot. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 24772 . COSPAR: 1997-017A. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 977 km (607 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Summary: Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 2 of constellation. Signals at 149.91 and 399.76 MHz..

1998 April 17 - . 07:40 GMT - .
  • EVA Mir EO-25-5 - . Crew: Musabayev; Budarin. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.27 days. Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Musabayev; Budarin. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Flight: Mir NASA-6; Mir EO-25. Spacecraft: Mir. Summary: Installation of the new VDU station orientation engine assembly was completed at the end of the Sofora boom..

1998 April 17 - . 18:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Strypi. Launch Vehicle: Strypi.
  • Red Crow Flight Experiment Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia; BMDO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 April 17 - . 18:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-90.
  • STS-90 - . Call Sign: Columbia. Crew: Searfoss; Altman; Linnehan; Hire; Williams, Dave; Buckey; Pawelczyk. Backup Crew: Mukai; Dunlap. Payload: Columbia F25 / Spacelab LM Eurolab. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Searfoss; Altman; Linnehan; Hire; Williams, Dave; Buckey; Pawelczyk; Mukai; Dunlap. Agency: NASA Houston. Manufacturer: Bremen. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-90. Spacecraft: Columbia. Duration: 15.91 days. Decay Date: 1998-05-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 25297 . COSPAR: 1998-022A. Apogee: 274 km (170 mi). Perigee: 247 km (153 mi). Inclination: 39.0000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. Columbia rolled out to pad 39B on March 23. Payloads:

    • Spacelab transfer tunnel
    • Spacelab Long Module, with Neurolab experiments for the following life science studies:

      • Chronic Recording of Otolith Nerves in Microgravity
      • Development of the Aortic Baroreflex under Conditions of Microgravity
      • Neural-Thyroid Interaction on Skeletal Isomyosin Expression in OG
      • Spatial Orientation of the Vestibulo-Ocular Reflex and Velocity Storage
      • Autonomic Neuroplasticity in Weightlessness

    • Extended Duration Orbiter pallet
    • Two Get Away Special beams with canisters G-197, G-467, G-772 (Colorado's COLLIDE experiment, which collided small particles into each other to simulate the formation of planets and rings).

    The Neurolab mission was managed by NASA-Johnson at Houston, unlike earlier Spacelab flights which were NASA-Marshall/Huntsville's responsibility. Landed at Kennedy Space Center May 3 1998.

  • Neurolab - . Payload: Spacelab. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Spacelab. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space laboratory. Spacecraft: Spacelab. Decay Date: 1998-05-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 25297 . COSPAR: 1998-022xx. Apogee: 274 km (170 mi). Perigee: 247 km (153 mi). Inclination: 39.0000 deg. Period: 89.70 min.

2000 April 17 - . 21:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2M. LV Configuration: Proton-K/DM-2M 397-01.
  • Sesat - . Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: Eutelsat. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Ekspress. USAF Sat Cat: 26243 . COSPAR: 2000-019A. Apogee: 35,802 km (22,246 mi). Perigee: 35,771 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Sesat (Siberia-Europe Satellite) used an MSS-2500-GSO (Gals/Ekspress) satellite bus built by NPO PM of Krasnoyarsk, with an Alcatel Espace France payload of 18 Ku-band transponders. The satellite had 8 Fakel SPD-100 plasma thrusters for stationkeeping. Eutelsat operated their Hot Bird fleet of European television broadcast satellites since the 1980's, but the venture into broadcasting to Siberia represented a new step for them. Stationed at 36 deg E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 39 deg E in 2000. As of 4 September 2001 located at 35.97 deg E drifting at 0.005 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 35.92E drifting at 0.004E degrees per day.

2001 April 17 - .
  • Death of Merton E Davies - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Davies. Summary: American scientist, worked for Douglas 1940-1948 and then RAND. Conceptual work on reconnaisance satellites led to the Corona program. Involved at JPL in early Mars imaging missions, establishing the reference systems for other planets..

2001 April 17 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Bay of Biscay Launch Area. Launch Pad: 47.5 N x 4.5 W. Launch Platform: S615. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M45. LV Configuration: MSBS M45 4.
  • M51 Research and development (to CSG) test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Summary: Launched from Zone de lancement SNLE, Golfe de Gascogne, Bretagne - Latitude: 47.50 N - Longitude: 4.50 W..

2002 April 17 - .
2003 April 17 - . 03:01 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.201UL.
  • BDPR Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2007 April 17 - . 06:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC109. Launch Pad: LC109/95. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr. LV Configuration: Dnepr 806.
  • MisrSat 1 - . Payload: Egyptsat 1 / MS-1TK. Mass: 100 kg (220 lb). Nation: Egypt. Agency: NARSSS. Manufacturer: Yuzhnoye. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: MS-1. USAF Sat Cat: 31117 . COSPAR: 2007-012A. Apogee: 667 km (414 mi). Perigee: 657 km (408 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.00 min. Summary: MisrSat/Egyptsat carried an imaging payload for Egypt's National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences..
  • Saudisat 3 - . Mass: 35 kg (77 lb). Nation: Saudi Arabia. Agency: RSRI. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: Saudisat. USAF Sat Cat: 31118 . COSPAR: 2007-012B. Apogee: 679 km (421 mi). Perigee: 656 km (407 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.10 min. Summary: Saudisat 3 carried a suveillance instrument, backed by data collection and relay avionics, to work in concert with the five smaller SaudiComSats launched at the same time..
  • SaudiComsat-3 - . Mass: 12 kg (26 lb). Nation: Saudi Arabia. Agency: RSRI. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: SaudiComsat. USAF Sat Cat: 31125 . COSPAR: 2007-012J. Apogee: 718 km (446 mi). Perigee: 653 km (405 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.50 min.
  • SaudiComsat-4 - . Mass: 12 kg (26 lb). Nation: Saudi Arabia. Agency: RSRI. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: SaudiComsat. USAF Sat Cat: 31127 . COSPAR: 2007-012L. Apogee: 751 km (466 mi). Perigee: 650 km (400 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.80 min.
  • SaudiComsat-5 - . Mass: 12 kg (26 lb). Nation: Saudi Arabia. Agency: RSRI. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: SaudiComsat. USAF Sat Cat: 31124 . COSPAR: 2007-012H. Apogee: 729 km (452 mi). Perigee: 652 km (405 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.60 min.
  • SaudiComsat-6 - . Mass: 12 kg (26 lb). Nation: Saudi Arabia. Agency: RSRI. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: SaudiComsat. USAF Sat Cat: 31121 . COSPAR: 2007-012E. Apogee: 762 km (473 mi). Perigee: 649 km (403 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.90 min.
  • SaudiComsat-7 - . Mass: 12 kg (26 lb). Nation: Saudi Arabia. Agency: RSRI. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: SaudiComsat. USAF Sat Cat: 31119 . COSPAR: 2007-012C. Apogee: 740 km (450 mi). Perigee: 651 km (404 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.70 min.
  • CAPE 1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: Louisiana. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 31130 . COSPAR: 2007-012P. Apogee: 793 km (492 mi). Perigee: 646 km (401 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 99.20 min. Summary: Cajun Advanced Picosatellite Experiment by the University of Louisiana at Lafayette..
  • Aerocube 2 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: Aerospace. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 31122 . COSPAR: 2007-012F. Apogee: 771 km (479 mi). Perigee: 648 km (402 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 99.00 min. Summary: AeroSpace Corporation cubesat..
  • CSTB 1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: Boeing. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 31133 . COSPAR: 2007-012R. Apogee: 771 km (479 mi). Perigee: 648 km (402 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 99.00 min. Summary: CubeSat TestBed for Boeing IDS/Advanced Systems, Huntington Beach, California..
  • CP 3 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: Cal Poly. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 31128 . COSPAR: 2007-012M. Apogee: 793 km (492 mi). Perigee: 646 km (401 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 99.20 min. Summary: California Polytechnic University cubesat, the backup for CP2 lost in a Dnepr launch failure in 2006..
  • CP 4 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: Cal Poly. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 31132 . COSPAR: 2007-012Q. Apogee: 771 km (479 mi). Perigee: 648 km (402 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 99.00 min. Summary: California Polytechnic University cubesat..
  • Libertad - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Colombia. Agency: Makeyev. Manufacturer: Arboleda. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 31129 . COSPAR: 2007-012N. Apogee: 793 km (492 mi). Perigee: 646 km (401 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 99.20 min. Summary: Picosat built and operated by the Universidad Sergio Arboleda, Bogota, Colombia..
  • MAST - . Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Tethers. Manufacturer: Stanford. Class: Technology. Type: Tether technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 31126 . COSPAR: 2007-012K. Apogee: 783 km (486 mi). Perigee: 647 km (402 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 99.10 min. Multi Application Survivable Tether experiment, built by Tethers Unlimited Inc and Stanford University. MAST consisted of the TED (Tether Deployer) satellite, with a 1 km deployable multi-strand Hoytether; RALPH, a small end mass satellite; and between them, GADGET, an inspector satellite which could move along the tether. Before deployment the MAST package fit into a 0.3 m x 0.1 m module.

2008 April 17 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 04/17/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Garan; Kononenko, O D; Love; Malenchenko; Reisman; Volkov, Sergey; Whitson; Yi So-yeon. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-3; STS-124. Day 8 of joint E16/E17 operations by CDR-16 Peggy Whitson, FE-1-16 Yuri Malenchenko, FE-2-17 Garrett Reisman, CDR-17 Sergei Volkov, FE-1-17 Oleg Kononenko and SFP/VC14 So-Yeon Yi.

    Day 190 in space for Peggy & Yuri.
    Yesterday, Peggy Whitson set a new US endurance record of 374 days for the longest cumulative time spent in space, held before by Mike Foale (heading the list: Sergei Krikalev with 803 days).

    With undocking time on 4/19 approaching, the ISS crew went on an irregular sleep/wake cycle:

    Wake #1 this morning: 2:00am - 10:00am EDT;
    'Nap': 10:00am - 2:00pm
    Wake #2: 2:00pm - 1:00am (4/18)
    Tomorrow:

    Sleep: 1:00am - 12:30pm
    Wake for E16/E17: 12:30pm - 4:45am (4/19) - E16 departs @ 1:06am
    Saturday: Additional Details: ISS On-Orbit Status 04/17/08.


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