Encyclopedia Astronautica
April 22


April 22 Chronology


1932 April 22 - .
1934 April 22 - .
1937 April 22 - . LV Family: Goddard. Launch Vehicle: Goddard L-B.
  • Flight of Goddard series L section B rocket - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi). Summary: Rocket was equipped with larger movable air vanes and reinforced parachute; length 17 ft 9 in.; diameter 9 in.; duration 21.5 sec; could not be followed to top of flight, as it was nearly overhead; landed 1 mile from tower..

1943 April 22 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende P7. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 V-021.
  • V-2 4021 - . Nation: Germany. Agency: Wehrmacht. Summary: Burnout at T+60s; 252 km; nav err. Range 252 km.

1944 April 22 - . Launch Site: Heidelager. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 17354. FAILURE: Airburst.
  • V-2 A06 G1 - . Nation: Germany. Summary: Airburst 6.5 km to the right of the planned trajectory..

1946 April 22 - . LV Family: Matador. Launch Vehicle: Matador.
  • Matador missile project begun. - . Nation: USA. Summary: Glenn L. Martin Co. contracted with the AAF to produce (under Project MX-771) a surface-to-surface guided missile (later designated the Matador)..

1949 April 22 - . 00:17 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: Bumper-WAC. LV Configuration: Bumper-WAC Bumper 6. FAILURE: Failed in the first stage..
  • Solar / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi). Summary: Failed in the first stage. Vehicle was supposed to obtain cosmic ray data at altitudes unattainable by other rockets. V-2 reached 50 km, 790 m/s; WAC destroyed..

1952 April 22 - .
1952 April 22 - . 17:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1 USAF 24.
  • Ionosphere Propagation Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi). Summary: Ionosphere research. Launched at 1028 local time. Reached 112.7 km..

1953 April 22 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LA. Launch Vehicle: Lark. LV Configuration: Lark 614. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1954 April 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 1395T.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 April 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 1784T.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1959 April 22 - .
  • Tower configuration best escape system for the Mercury spacecraft. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury; Mercury Escape Tower. Summary: In a meeting at Langley, NASA officials concluded that the tower configuration was the best escape system for the Mercury spacecraft and development would proceed using this concept. However, limited studies of alternate configurations would continue..

1960 April 22 - . 19:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B2. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 25D.
  • Initial operational capability operational readiness test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1961 April 22 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC26A. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter. LV Configuration: Jupiter IRBM CM-209.
  • CTL - . Nation: Italy. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Jupiter Missile Combat Training Launch 209, the first in a series of 12 CTL firings, was launched from AMR to a prescribed range of 1514 nm. The nose cone impacted .79 nm over and 2.19 nm right of the intended target. All missions were accomplished. The missile followed the intended flight path and performed within the accuracy requirements of the Jupiter system. IAF troops conducted the firing after LOD of MFSC completed the preliminary checkout. The primary mission of the test woe to evaluate the capabilities of launch crews under operational alert conditions.

1963 April 22 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury Spacecraft 20 mated to Atlas launch vehicle - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Flight: Mercury MA-9. Spacecraft: Mercury. Summary: Spacecraft 20 was moved from Hanger S at Cape Canaveral to Complex 14 and mated to Atlas launch vehicle 130-D in preparation for the Mercury-Atlas 9 (MA-9) mission. The first simulated flight test was begun immediately..

1963 April 22 - .
  • Air lock for the Mercury spacecraft - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury Mark I. The Bendix Corporation reported to the Manned Spacecraft Center that it had completed the design and fabrication of an air lock for the Mercury spacecraft. This component was designed to collect micrometeorites during orbital flight. Actually the air lock could accommodate a wide variety of experiments, such as ejecting objects into space and into reentry trajectories, and exposing objects to a space environment for observation and retrieval for later study. Because of the modular construction, the air lock could be adapted to the Gemini and Apollo spacecraft.

1963 April 22 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92. LV Configuration: Vostok 8A92 T15000-08.
  • Cosmos 15 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 8. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2. Duration: 5.00 days. Decay Date: 1963-04-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 569 . COSPAR: 1963-011A. Apogee: 336 km (208 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite. Also carried weather, radiation experiments..

1964 April 22 - . 06:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.123GE.
  • Auroral emissions Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1965 April 22 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2.
  • The Abort Panel met to review abort criteria for Gemini-Titan (GT) 4 and decided that GT-3 rules would suffice. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 4; Gemini 5. Summary: Alternate procedures for delayed mode 2 abort would be investigated when the Manned Spacecraft Center abort trainer became available to the GT-5 mission..

1965 April 22 - . 05:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AA-3-11.
  • Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1966 April 22 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1B 1252.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 April 22 - . 09:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout B. LV Configuration: Scout B S145C.
  • OV3-01 - . Mass: 69 kg (152 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF OAR. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: OV3. USAF Sat Cat: 2150 . COSPAR: 1966-034A. Apogee: 3,585 km (2,227 mi). Perigee: 341 km (211 mi). Inclination: 82.4000 deg. Period: 126.40 min. Summary: Radiation data. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..

1966 April 22 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. LV Configuration: Rubis R9.
  • Rubis 03 / MPE Ba-17 Plasma / ionosphere / barium release mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 2,035 km (1,264 mi).

1967 April 22 - .
  • Plans for Engineer and Scientist cosmonauts. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Ministry of General Machine Building (MOM) Decree 145 'On the Preparation of Test-Cosmonauts and Research-Cosmonauts''-selection of the group of engineer-cosmonauts under the Ministry of General Machine Building' was issued..

1968 April 22 - .
  • The L1 State Commission meets and the launch is set for the next day. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Mishin. Program: Lunar L1. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1. However the Commission did not agree to disarm the APO destruct system aboard the capsule. They don't want any chance of 'Soviet electronic secrets' falling into the hands of the Americans. Kamanin disagrees - he thinks they should conduct one fully ballistic re-entry and landing of an L1 to see if the landing system would function and the crew would survive. What's the point of deploying recovery ships to the Indian Ocean if they are only going to blow up the capsule anyway if the SUS fails and it reverts to ballistic mode? Mishin's answer: 'I was always against having those forces in the Indian Ocean!' Yet he had demanded those 7 to 9 recovery ships in February!

1968 April 22 - . 15:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.241IG.
  • ISRO 40.01 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1968 April 22 - . 23:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/D. LV Configuration: Proton-K/D 232-01. FAILURE: Second stage shut-off prematurely due to short-circuit in Zond control system.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Soyuz 7K-L1 s/n 7L - . Payload: Soyuz 7K-L1 s/n 7L. Mass: 5,390 kg (11,880 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: Lunar L1. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1. Decay Date: 1968-04-22 . COSPAR: F680422A. L1 launch attempt, lift-off at 02:00 local time. The spacecraft was to separate at 589 seconds into the flight. Instead at 260 seconds, a short circuit in the malfunction detection system incorrectly indicated a launch vehicle failure. This in turn triggered the SAS abort system. The SAS shut down the good stage and separated the spacecraft from the booster. The capsule landed safely 520 km downrange from the launch site. This was the third such abort, which if nothing else proved the reliability of the SAS - all of the spacecraft landed safely.

1969 April 22 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3. LV Configuration: Minuteman 3 FTM-204.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1969 April 22 - . 03:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL604.
  • UK SL604 Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 181 km (112 mi).

1970 April 22 - .
  • Lenin's 100th birthday - no Soviet space spectacular as expected. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: On the occasion of Lenin's 100th birthday, Kamanin notes what a great force in world history and civilisation Lenin represented..

1970 April 22 - .
  • X-24 Flight 12 - . Crew: Gentry. Payload: X-24A flight 12. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gentry. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: X-24A. Summary: Maximum Speed - 981 kph. Maximum Altitude - 17587 m. Flight Time - 408 sec..

1970 April 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1970 April 22 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3. LV Configuration: Minuteman 3 FTM-308.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1971 April 22 - .
1971 April 22 - .
1971 April 22 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 April 22 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 April 22 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 23B. LV Configuration: Titan 23B 23B-9 (3B-31).
  • OPS 7899 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 31 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1971-05-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 5171 . COSPAR: 1971-033A. Apogee: 403 km (250 mi). Perigee: 132 km (82 mi). Inclination: 110.6000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Summary: KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1971 April 22 - . 23:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511. LV Configuration: Soyuz 11A511 25.
  • Soyuz 10 - . Call Sign: Granit (Granite ). Crew: Rukavishnikov; Shatalov; Yeliseyev. Backup Crew: Kolodin; Kubasov; Leonov. Support Crew: Dobrovolsky; Patsayev; Volkov. Payload: Soyuz 7K-OKS s/n 31. Mass: 6,800 kg (14,900 lb). Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Rukavishnikov; Shatalov; Yeliseyev; Kolodin; Kubasov; Leonov; Dobrovolsky; Patsayev; Volkov. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz 10. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7KT-OK. Duration: 1.99 days. Decay Date: 1971-04-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 5172 . COSPAR: 1971-034A. Apogee: 258 km (160 mi). Perigee: 209 km (129 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. Intended first space station mission; soft docked with Salyut 1. Launch nearly scrubbed due to poor weather. Soyuz 10 approached to 180 m from Salyut 1 automatically. It was hand docked after faillure of the automatic system, but hard docking could not be achieved because of the angle of approach. Post-flight analysis indicated that the cosmonauts had no instrument to proivde the angle and range rate data necessary for a successful manual docking. Soyuz 10 was connected to the station for 5 hours and 30 minutes. Despite the lack of hard dock, it is said that the crew were unable to enter the station due to a faulty hatch on their own spacecraft. When Shatalov tried to undock from the Salyut, the jammed hatch impeded the docking mechanism, preventing undocking. After several attempts he was unable to undock and land.

1972 April 22 - . 16:33 GMT - .
  • EVA Apollo 16-2 - . Crew: Young; Duke. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.31 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Young; Duke. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar lander. Flight: Apollo 16. Spacecraft: Apollo LRV. Summary: Drove in lunar rover to Stone Mountain..

1973 April 22 - . 18:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-17.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1974 April 22 - . 18:02 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170. LV Configuration: Aerobee 170 CRL A04.208-2.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Aeronomy / solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1975 April 22 - . 21:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53731-274.
  • Cosmos 729 - . Mass: 725 kg (1,598 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Tsiklon. USAF Sat Cat: 7768 . COSPAR: 1975-034A. Apogee: 1,007 km (625 mi). Perigee: 971 km (603 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Summary: Military navigation satellite..

1976 April 22 - .
  • Birth of Elena Olegovna Serova - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Russian engineer cosmonaut, 2006-on.Wife of Mark Serov (2003 selection group) Graduate of MAI. Worked in TsUP Flight Control Center..

1976 April 22 - .
  • Body flap on dock, Palmdale, Enterprise (OV-101) - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: Enterprise.

1976 April 22 - . 20:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2914. LV Configuration: Delta 2914 608/D122.
  • NATO 3A - . Mass: 310 kg (680 lb). Nation: NATO. Agency: NATO. Program: NATO. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: NATO 3. Completed Operations Date: 1992-12-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 8808 . COSPAR: 1976-035A. Apogee: 36,017 km (22,379 mi). Perigee: 35,801 km (22,245 mi). Inclination: 13.3000 deg. Period: 1,442.40 min. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Atlantic Ocean at 18 deg W in 1976-1982; over the Atlantic Ocean 30 deg W in 1982-1984; over the Atlantic Ocean 50 deg W in 1984-1985; over the Atlantic Ocean at 30 deg W in 1985-1989; over the Americas at 125 deg W in 1989-1991 As of 5 September 2001 located at 4.12 deg E drifting at 1.524 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 142.00E drifting at 1.522W degrees per day.

1977 April 22 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1978 April 22 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1979 April 22 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1980 April 22 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde. LV Configuration: AN/DMQ-9.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1981 April 22 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1982 April 22 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde. LV Configuration: AN/DMQ-9.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1983 April 22 - .
  • HQ USAF designated Space Command as operator and resource manager of MILSTAR satellite system. - . Nation: USA.

1983 April 22 - .
  • Death of Walter W B Burose - . Nation: Germany; USA. Related Persons: Burose. Summary: German-American expert in guided missiles during World War II. Thereafter with the rocket team at Fort Bliss, White Stands, and then at Huntsville. Died at Huntsville, Alabama..

1983 April 22 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1454 - . Payload: Yantar-2K s/n 957. Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-2K. Duration: 30.00 days. Decay Date: 1983-05-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 14017 . COSPAR: 1983-036A. Apogee: 345 km (214 mi). Perigee: 167 km (103 mi). Inclination: 67.1000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1983 April 22 - .
1984 April 22 - . 04:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM. LV Configuration: Proton-K/DM 312-02.
  • Gorizont 9 - . Payload: Gorizont s/n 19L. Mass: 2,100 kg (4,600 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Gorizont . Completed Operations Date: 1987-04-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 14940 . COSPAR: 1984-041A. Apogee: 35,805 km (22,248 mi). Perigee: 35,740 km (22,200 mi). Inclination: 11.5000 deg. Period: 1,435.40 min. Stationed at 53 deg E. Provision of telephone and telegraph radiocommunications and television broadcasting. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 53 deg E in 1984-1987 As of 3 September 2001 located at 55.62 deg E drifting at 0.094 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 2 located at 96.90E drifting at 0.028E degrees per day.

1985 April 22 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1986 April 22 - . 07:11 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B NASA 27.86UG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 304 km (188 mi).

1986 April 22 - . 08:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 10. LV Configuration: Black Brant X NASA 35.013UG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 900 km (550 mi).

1987 April 22 - . 09:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1837 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 6.00 days. Decay Date: 1987-04-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 17880 . COSPAR: 1987-035A. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi). Perigee: 174 km (108 mi). Inclination: 82.2000 deg. Period: 88.50 min. Summary: Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1988 April 22 - . 16:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1989 April 22 - .
1990 April 22 - .
  • Death of Georgi Aleksandrovich Tyulin - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Tyulin. Summary: Russian officer. First Deputy Chairman of GKOT 1961-1965. First Deputy Minister of General Machine Building 1965-1976. Chaired many State Commissions..

1991 April 22 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1992 April 22 - . 19:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde. LV Configuration: AN/DMQ-9.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1996 April 22 - .
  • Mir News 298: Launch Priroda - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Mir NASA-1; Mir EO-21. The planned launch date/time for the Module Priroda is 23.04. 1996 at 11hrs 48mins 43secs UTC. If all goes according to plan the Priroda will dock to Mir (forward docking port transition section -P.Kh.O.-, -X axis) on 26.04.1996 at 1203 UTC.

    Priroda: The module for remote sensing Priroda is also known as TsM-I and 77KSI. In space Priroda has a mass of 19.5 tons. The mass of the payload is 10.5 tons, among which 1.2 tons as a supplement for the equipment of the Mir-complex, the remote sensing equipment has a mass of 4.7 tons and Priroda can transport 1.8 tons cargo. The original planning foresaw in a solar array in the front of Priroda (axial), but the place of the array is now used for the installation of extra equipment and experiments. So during the autonomous flight Priroda has to depend on the nickel cadmium accumulators for her power supply. Priroda must have an active lifetime of more than 3 years.

    Cargo: Priroda will also deliver additional equipment to the Mir station, experiments for Shannon Lucid and the SAFEX-2 transceiver for radio-amateur activities.

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202.


1997 April 22 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1998 April 22 - .
  • Chinese Astronauts Shown in Training - . Nation: China. Summary: A Guangzhou newspaper released a photo showing two Chinese astronauts wearing space suits in a vacum chamber. This was the first such photo released since the 1980's..

1998 April 22 - . 05:34 GMT - .
  • EVA Mir EO-25-6 - . Crew: Musabayev; Budarin. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.27 days. Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Musabayev; Budarin. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Flight: Mir NASA-6; Mir EO-25. Spacecraft: Mir. Summary: Two truss structures on the Kvant module and the new Sofora VDU station orientation engine assembly was unlatched from Progress M-38..

1999 April 22 - .
  • ISS Status Report: ISS 99-16 - . Nation: USA. Program: ISS. The second planned power test aboard the International Space Station was completed late last week setting the stage for the arrival of Discovery next month on the first logistics flight carrying hardware and supplies to the outpost, which celebrated its fifth month in orbit two days ago. Additional Details: ISS Status Report: ISS 99-16.

2001 April 22 - . 11:44 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-100-1 - . Crew: Hadfield; Parazynski. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.30 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Hadfield; Parazynski. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-100. Summary: Objective was start of installation of the Canadarm-2 SSRMS manipulator arm .Hadfield was the first Canadian spacewalker. The UHF communications antenna was installed on Destiny and the SSRMS initial setup was completed. .

2005 April 22 - .
2006 April 22 - . 15:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107?/pad?. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • PBS test 2 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

2008 April 22 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 04/22/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kononenko, O D; Love; Reisman; Volkov, Sergey; Yi So-yeon. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16-3; ISS EO-17; ISS EP-14; STS-122. FE-1 Kononenko performed major periodic replacements on the SM(Service Module)'s ASU toilet facility, changing out replaceable parts with new components, such as a sensor unit (A8A-9060), two receptacles (PR and MP), four hoses, a T-connector, an elbow fitting, an indicator, a filter insert (F-V), and the pretreat container (E-K) with its hose.

    All old parts were discarded as trash. The KTO waste container is being kept for ~7 days. The activity was supported by ground specialist tagup. (E-K contains five liters of pre-treat solution, i.e., a mix of H2SO4 (sulfuric acid), CrO3 (chromium oxide, for oxidation and purple color), and H2O (water). The pre-treat liquid is mixed with water in a dispenser (DKiV) and used for toilet flushing.)

    In the US Lab, after inspecting, activating & configuring the MSG (Microgravity Science Glovebox) facility, FE-2 Reisman initiated a new series of vacuum draws on the sample chamber by opening the vent and vacuum valves in preparation for CSLM-2 (Coarsening in Solid-Liquid Mixtures 2) experiment ops on 4/24. After configuring the EMCS for water reservoir replacement, Reisman then replaced the water reservoirs on both rotors and set EMCS switches to allow ground commanding of the facility. The setup was photo documented. (CSLM-2 examines the kinetics of competitive particle growth within a liquid matrix. During this process, small particles shrink by losing atoms to larger particles, causing the larger particles to grow (coarsen) within a liquid lead/tin matrix. This study defined the mechanisms and rates of coarsening that govern the manufacture with metals from turbine blades to dental amalgam fillings.) Additional Details: ISS On-Orbit Status 04/22/08.


2009 April 22 - . 02:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-2C. LV Configuration: CZ-2C s/n CZ2-32.
  • Yaogan 6 - . Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Spacecraft: Yaogan. USAF Sat Cat: 34839 . COSPAR: 2009-021A. Apogee: 512 km (318 mi). Perigee: 512 km (318 mi). Inclination: 97.6000 deg. Period: 94.90 min.

2010 April 22 - . 23:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. Launch Pad: SLC41. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 501.
  • USA 212 - . Payload: X-37B OTV 1. Mass: 5,000 kg (11,000 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Martin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: X-37. Duration: 224.39 days. USAF Sat Cat: 36514 . COSPAR: 2010-015A. Summary: Reusable unmanned military orbital spaceplane. Landed successfully at Vandenberg at 09:16 GMT on 3 December..

2011 April 22 - . 21:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Yahsat 1A - . Nation: UAE. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 37393 . COSPAR: 2011-016B. Apogee: 35,799 km (22,244 mi). Perigee: 35,773 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Communications satellite, stationed at 52.5 deg E over the Indian Ocean, with C- and Ku-band payload for Al Yah Satellite Communications Company, Abu Dhabi..
  • Intelsat New Dawn - . Nation: USA. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 37392 . COSPAR: 2011-016A. Apogee: 35,786 km (22,236 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. Communications satellite with C/Ku hybrid payload, and, to have been stationed at 32.8 deg E for coverage of Africa. New Dawn Satellite Co. Ltd. was a joint venture of Intelsat and Convergence Partners, Johannesburg, South Africa. Couldn't deploy its C-band antenna, although the Ku-band deployed and was functional.

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