Encyclopedia Astronautica
August 08


August 08 Chronology


1940 August 8 - .
  • Birth of Dennis Anthony Tito - . Nation: USA. Summary: American engineer cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EP-1. First space tourist. First American to return to earth in a Russian spacecraft..

1944 August 8 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Obergruppenfuehrer Kammler of the SS put in charge of the V-2 program. - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Dornberger; Hitler. Dornberger was relegated to command of the training batteries for the rocket troops. Von Braun spoke to Dornberger, telling him that he must accept the situation and assist Kammler. Following the July 1944 assassination and coup attempt against Hitler, Dornberger had no backing in the leadership for keeping the program in Army hands. Dornberger finally agreed to cooperate - rockets had been his life's work, and he could not bear not to be involved. Dornberger hoped to 'put my words in Kammler's mouth and make them appear to be his'. All Army commanders in the rocket program were dismissed and replaced by SS officers - Kammler was in complete control.

1946 August 8 - .
  • Birth of Andrea Lorenzoni - . Nation: Italy. Summary: Italian engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986. Colonel, Italian Air Force. Payload specialist for the Italian TSS-Project. International Space Station Program manager for Node 2, Italian Space Agency (ASI)..

1947 August 8 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 40 - . Crew: Yeager. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 22. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Yeager. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Summary: AF glide flight 3. .

1948 August 8 - .
  • Birth of Svetlana Yevgenyevna Savitskaya - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Russian test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EP-2, Salyut 7 EP-4. Test pilot, engineer, second woman in space. First woman to walk in space..

1949 August 8 - .
  • Birth of Magyari Bela - . Nation: Hungary. Summary: Hungarian pilot cosmonaut, 1978-1980. Graduated from Gyorgy Kilian military pilot school, 1969. Graduated from Budapest Technical University, 1986. Aeronautical engineer and pilot, Hungarian Air Force. Involved in space research work..

1949 August 8 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 123 - . Crew: Everest. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 71. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Everest. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Summary: AF flight 49. Altitude attempt. Attained 21930 m altitude..

1951 August 8 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 151 - . Crew: Crossfield. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 70. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Crossfield. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Summary: NACA flight 50. Wing loads and aileron effectiveness. Elevator and stabilizer pull-ups..

1951 August 8 - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman SLED. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: MX-775.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 August 8 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2. LV Configuration: R-2 KT-1.
  • Third series controlled test launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Summary: First launch of production quality assurance test series..

1953 August 8 - . 15:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 73.6 N x 63.9 W. Launch Platform: WYG-279?. LV Family: Rockoon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Rockoon.
  • NRL Rockoon 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). Summary: Launched at Atlantic Ocean Launch Site 11 Launch Point 22 - - Latitude: 73.62 N - Longitude: 63.92 W..

1954 August 8 - .
  • X-1A Flight 22 - . Crew: Murray. Payload: X-1A flight 22. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Murray. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: X-1A. Summary: AF flight 16. Date estimated..

1954 August 8 - .
  • OKB-52 established. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On establishment of OKB-52 at Reutov' was issued..

1955 August 8 - .
  • X-1A Flight 26 - . Crew: Walker, Joseph. Payload: X-1A flight 26. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Walker, Joseph. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: X-1A. Summary: Planned at NACA flight 2. Shortly before launch from B-29, X-1A suffered low-order explosion, later traced to detonation of Ulmer leather gaskets. Walker exited into B-29 bomb bay..

1956 August 8 - .
  • X-2 Flight 15 - . Crew: Kincheloe. Payload: X-2 # 1 flight 15. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kincheloe. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: X-2 . Summary: 11th powered flight, premature engine shutdown..

1956 August 8 - .
  • Birth of Larry Dean James - . Nation: USA. Summary: American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1982-1987..

1956 August 8 - . LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter.
  • Jupiter test stand completed. - . Nation: USA. Summary: Largest U.S. test stand for rocket motors was completed at Redstone Arsenal, slated for Jupiter IRBM..

1956 August 8 - . 08:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC6. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter A. LV Configuration: Jupiter A RS-20.
  • Jupiter A - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). RS-20 was launched at 0325 hours EST from AMR. The flight was successful. The actual range was 139.72 nm; 0.3 nm over the intended impact point. The primary teat objectives were to test the accuracy of the guidance system and to acquire data for the establishment of design criteria for the Jupiter. This was the first time that the combustion chamber pressure was controlled. Missed aimpoint by 175 m.

1956 August 8 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun N-C 2 (770A/5656).
  • UM AM6.30 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1957 August 8 - .
  • X-1B Flight 23 - . Crew: McKay. Payload: X-1B flight 23. Nation: USA. Related Persons: McKay. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: X-1B. Summary: NACA flight 13. Stability and control investigation. Mach 1.5 at 18300 m, accelerated maneuvers, control pulses, and pull-ups..

1957 August 8 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11M.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1957 August 8 - . 06:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC6. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter C. LV Configuration: Jupiter C RS/CC-40.
  • Jupiter re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 460 km (280 mi). First Nose Cone Recovery. Army-JPL Jupiter-C fired a scale-model nose cone 1,200 miles down range from AMR with a summit altitude of 600 miles. Recovery the next day of aerodynamic nose cone using ablation, resolved reentry heating problem for Jupiter missile. Nose cone was shown to the Nation on TV by President Eisenhower on November 7.

    Fired from AMR at 0159 hours EST, impacted at the predicted range. This success proved conclusively that the planned ablative-type heat protection for Jupiter warheads was satisfactory. The missile was a three-stage configuration--the first stage an elongated Redstone missile, the second and third stages 11 and 3 six-inch scaled Sergeant rockets, respectively. The one-third scale Jupiter nose cone was attached to the final stage with scheme for separation provided. The nose cone travelled to a 1,168 nm range, reached a velocity of 4,004 m/sec, and experienced a total heat input at stagnation point at 95% of that for the full scale nose cone at 1,500 nm. Naval units recovered the scaled nose cone according to plan.


1957 August 8 - . 07:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 75.2 N x 63.3 W. Launch Platform: LSD-29. LV Family: Rockoon. Launch Vehicle: Loki Rockoon. LV Configuration: Loki Rockoon II5.07F.
  • SUI 62 Aeronomy / Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUI. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi). Summary: Launched at IGY Rockoon Launch Site 1, Atlantic Ocean LP7 - - Latitude: 75.20 N - Longitude: 63.32 W..

1958 August 8 - .
  • Project Adam - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Mercury; Adam. A memorandum from the Secretary of the Army to the Secretary of Defense recommended Project Adam for a manned space flight program. This plan proposed a ballistic suborbital flight using existing Redstone hardware as a national political-psychological demonstration. This memo proposed that funds in the amount of $9 million and $2.5 million for fiscal years 1959 and 1960, respectively, be approved for program execution.

1958 August 8 - .
  • T Keith Glennan and Hugh L Dryden nominated to be Administrator and Deputy Administrator of NASA - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Glennan; Eisenhower. T. Keith Glennan, President of Case Institute of Technology, and Hugh L. Dryden, Director of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, were nominated by President Dwight D. Eisenhower to be Administrator and Deputy Administrator of NASA. The Senate confirmed their nominations one week later.

1960 August 8 - . LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Kosmos 63S1 small booster and DS small satellites authorised. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: DS-1; DS-2. Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On the Creation of the Rocket-Carrier 63S1 Based on the R-12 Missile, and the Development and Launch of Small Artificial Satellite--start of work on launcher and satellites at OKB-586'

1960 August 8 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.412.
  • Firefly BETSEY Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1962 August 8 - . LV Family: Saturn I; Saturn V.
  • Two Apollo lunar logistic studies - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Lunar Bus. At a bidders' conference held at NASA Headquarters, proposals were requested from Centers and industry for two lunar logistic studies: a spacecraft "bus" concept that could be adapted for use first on the Saturn C-1B and later on the Saturn C-5 launch vehicles and a variety of payloads which could be soft-landed near manned Apollo missions. The latter study would determine how a crew's stay on the moon might be extended, how human capability for scientific investigation of the moon might be increased, and how man's mobility on the moon might be facilitated.

1962 August 8 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury Atlas launch vehicle 113-D delivered to Cape Canaveral - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Summary: Atlas launch vehicle 113-D was delivered to Cape Canaveral for the Mercury-Atlas 8 (MA-8) manned orbital mission..

1962 August 8 - . 16:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.60GT.
  • Attitude control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1962 August 8 - . 18:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-26-46.
  • X-15A Heating, aero drag test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 4735 kph. Maximum Altitude - 27700 m..

1963 August 8 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Nike Zeus. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus. LV Configuration: Nike Zeus-3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1963 August 8 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1A 520.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1964 August 8 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-42.
  • LASL Sun Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 307 km (190 mi).

1964 August 8 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.104GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1965 August 8 - . 03:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.169GM.
  • Grenades / UM Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1965 August 8 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.166GM.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1965 August 8 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.163GM.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1965 August 8 - . 08:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.157UA.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1965 August 8 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.167GM.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1965 August 8 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.170GM.
  • Grenades / UM Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1966 August 8 - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Manual control simulation of the Saturn V upper stages with Apollo - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. MSC requested Ames Research Center to conduct a manual control simulation of the Saturn V upper stages with displays identical to those planned in the spacecraft. On August 5, Brent Creer and Gordon Hardy of Ames had met with representatives from ASPO, Guidance and Control Division, and Flight Crew Operations Directorate to discuss implementation of a modified Ames simulation which would determine feasibility of manual control from first stage burnout, using existing spacecraft displays and control interfaces. Simulations at Ames in 1965 had indicated that the Saturn V could be manually flown into orbit within dispersions of 914 meters in altitude, and 0.1 degree in flight path angle. Additional Details: Manual control simulation of the Saturn V upper stages with Apollo.

1966 August 8 - .
  • Gagarin's letter buried. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Brezhnev; Ustinov; Smirnov; Malinovskiy; Rudenko. Program: Soyuz. As expected, Gagarin's letter to Brezhnev was referred to Ustinov, then to Smirnov, who has now referred it to Afanasyev and Malinovskiy with the instructions that they are "to present a mutually agreed solution". Malinovskiy referred it in turn to his four marshals, and Rudenko immediately makes an error by conceding that TsPK will accept OKB-1 cosmonaut candidates for training aboard Soyuz.

1966 August 8 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2.
  • Gemini launch vehicle 11 and spacecraft No. 11 were electrically mated at complex 19. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 11. Summary: Elecrical Interface Integrated Validation and Joint Guidance and Control Test was conducted August 8-9. The Joint Combined Systems Test followed August 11-12..

1966 August 8 - . 11:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. LV Configuration: Voskhod 11A57 N15001-13.
  • Cosmos 127 - . Payload: Zenit-4. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1966-08-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 2391 . COSPAR: 1966-071A. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi). Perigee: 201 km (124 mi). Inclination: 51.8000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.

1966 August 8 - . 17:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A2. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F. LV Configuration: Atlas F 149F. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • ABRES MBRV-1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1966 August 8 - . 18:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 CRL AE3.734.
  • Solar min particles Cosmic rays mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1967 August 8 - .
  • Gagarin grounded. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Gagarin; Feoktistov. Program: Lunar L1; Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1. The Soviet leadership has decided Gagarin is too important a propaganda asset to take any risks with his life. He is removed from the list of cosmonauts to be selected for space flights, and will be allowed to fly aircraft only with an instructor aboard. This ruling overrules a promise made by Kamanin to Gagarin that he would be put back on the flight rosterthat after he obtained his engineering diploma from the Zhukovskiy Academy on 1 May 1968. A vote is taken of the cosmonaut selection commission on Feoktistov's fitness for duty. The vote is 4:4, but then a quorum of at least 12 commission members is demanded. Feoktistov passes 9:8 in the final vote.

1967 August 8 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1B 1212.
  • FOT GB45 Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1967 August 8 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1967 August 8 - . 03:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL305.
  • Solar spectra Solar x-ray and ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1967 August 8 - . 12:57 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.207UA.
  • POGO detector test Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 289 km (179 mi).

1967 August 8 - . 16:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC162/36. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: R-36-O. LV Configuration: R-36O 8K69 Ya22500 No. 10L.
  • Cosmos 171 - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Orbital bombing system. Spacecraft: OGCh. Decay Date: 1967-08-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 2911 . COSPAR: 1967-077A. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi). Perigee: 138 km (85 mi). Inclination: 49.6000 deg. Period: 87.60 min. Summary: Fractional Orbital Bombardment system test..

1967 August 8 - . 21:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 CRL AH3.529.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Mon Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1967 August 8 - . 23:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.273UI.
  • SpE ionosphere Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1968 August 8 - .
  • Test and checkout problems for Apollo AS-503 and AS-504 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Debus; Petrone. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 8; Apollo 9. ASPO Manager George M. Low and several members of his staff met at KSC with Center Director Kurt H. Debus, Launch Operations Director Rocco A. Petrone, and KSC Apollo Program Manager R. O. Middleton to discuss test and checkout problems for AS-503 and AS-504. Additional Details: Test and checkout problems for Apollo AS-503 and AS-504.

1968 August 8 - .
  • Further Soyuz delays - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Mishin. Program: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK. The next flight of an unmanned Soyuz has been delayed yet again. It had been set for 27 July, then 10 August, and now 20 August. The problem is qualification of the reserve parachute system. The test at Fedosiya on 3 August was a failure - the SA capsule's parachute hatch didn't jettison, the parachute system couldn't operate, and the capsule was destroyed on impact with the ground. The system needed 3 to 5 final tests for qualification. The first test in the series was successful, but this second test was a disaster. Another setback for Mishin. The same parachute hatch mechanism had never failed before in 200 flights of Vostok, Zenit, and Soyuz spacecraft. Meanwhile the invasion of Czechoslovakia is underway…

1968 August 8 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: T-7. Launch Vehicle: T-7/GF-01A.
  • GF-01A satellite test - . Nation: China. Agency: CAST. Apogee: 311 km (193 mi).

1968 August 8 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL AG07.273.
  • Meteor dust Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1968 August 8 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.51GA.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 286 km (177 mi).

1968 August 8 - . 19:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.187UM.
  • UM Pitot 38 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1968 August 8 - . 20:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout B. LV Configuration: Scout B S165C.
  • Explorer 39 - . Payload: ADE C. Mass: 9.00 kg (19.80 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Langley. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft: ADE. Decay Date: 1981-06-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 3337 . COSPAR: 1968-066A. Apogee: 2,538 km (1,577 mi). Perigee: 670 km (410 mi). Inclination: 80.7000 deg. Period: 118.30 min. Summary: Air Density Explorer; atmospheric density and temperature data. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .
  • Explorer 40 - . Payload: Injun E. Mass: 70 kg (154 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Langley. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Injun. USAF Sat Cat: 3338 . COSPAR: 1968-066B. Apogee: 2,489 km (1,546 mi). Perigee: 679 km (421 mi). Inclination: 80.7000 deg. Period: 117.80 min. Summary: Injun Explorer; radiation data. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1969 August 8 - .
  • Definitized contract with McDonnell Douglas for two Orbital Workshops for the Apollo Applications Program. - . Nation: USA. Program: Skylab. Flight: Skylab B. Spacecraft: Skylab. MSFC definitized the existing contract with McDonnell Douglas for two Orbital Workshops for the Apollo Applications Program, converted S IVB stages to be launched by Saturn V boosters. The contract was slated to run through July 1972, with most of the work to be performed at the company's plant at Huntington Beach, California. The first Workshop was tentatively scheduled for flight in mid-1972, with the second article initially serving as a backup vehicle if needed.

1969 August 8 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210-2.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1970 August 8 - . 00:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.462DA.
  • RTG SNA 6 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1970 August 8 - . 02:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.463DA.
  • RTG SNA 6 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1971 August 8 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC191/66. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: R-36O 8K69M.
  • Cosmos 433 - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Orbital bombing system. Spacecraft: OGCh. Decay Date: 1971-08-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 5402 . COSPAR: 1971-068A. Apogee: 299 km (185 mi). Perigee: 112 km (69 mi). Inclination: 49.4000 deg. Period: 88.50 min. Summary: Fractional Orbital Bombardment System test..

1972 August 8 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1973 August 8 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1974 August 8 - .
  • X-24 Flight 42 - . Crew: Love, Michael. Payload: X-24B flight 14. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Love, Michael. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: X-24B. Summary: Maximum Speed - 1644 kph. Maximum Altitude - 22370 m. Flight Time - 395 sec..

1975 August 8 - . 09:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1976 August 8 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHOK. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1977 August 8 - .
  • Salyut 5 Space Station Burnup - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Almaz OPS.

1978 August 8 - . 07:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur SLV-3D. LV Configuration: SLV-3D Centaur AC-51 / Centaur D-1AR 5031.
  • Pioneer Venus 2 - . Payload: Pioneer-Venus 2. Mass: 904 kg (1,992 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Ames. Program: Pioneer. Class: Venus. Type: Venus probe. Spacecraft: Pioneer 13. Decay Date: 1978-12-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 11001 . COSPAR: 1978-078A. The Pioneer Venus Multiprobe consisted of a bus which carried one large and three small `atmospheric probes. The large probe was released on November 16, 1978 and the three small probes on November 20. All four probes entered the Venus atmosphere on December 9, followed by the bus. The small probes were each targeted at different parts of the planet and were named accordingly. The North probe entered the atmosphere at about 60 degrees north latitude on the day side. The night probe entered on the night side. The day probe entered well into the day side, and was the only one of the four probes which continued to send radio signals back after impact, for over an hour. With no heat shield or parachute, the bus survived and made measurements only to about 110 km altitude before burning up. It afforded the only direct view of the upper Venus atmosphere, as the probes did not begin making direct measurements until they had decelerated lower in the atmosphere.
  • Pioneer Venus Probe 3 - . Payload: Pioneer-Venus 2. Mass: 90 kg (198 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Ames. Program: Pioneer. Class: Venus. Type: Venus probe. Spacecraft: Pioneer 13. Decay Date: 1978-12-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 12105 . COSPAR: 1978-078F.
  • Pioneer Venus Probe 2 - . Payload: Pioneer-Venus 2. Mass: 90 kg (198 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Ames. Program: Pioneer. Class: Venus. Type: Venus probe. Spacecraft: Pioneer 13. Decay Date: 1978-12-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 12104 . COSPAR: 1978-078E.
  • Pioneer Venus Probe 1 - . Payload: Pioneer-Venus 2. Mass: 315 kg (694 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Ames. Program: Pioneer. Class: Venus. Type: Venus probe. Spacecraft: Pioneer 13. Decay Date: 1978-12-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 12103 . COSPAR: 1978-078D.
  • Pioneer Venus Probe 4 - . Payload: Pioneer-Venus 2. Mass: 90 kg (198 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Ames. Program: Pioneer. Class: Venus. Type: Venus probe. Spacecraft: Pioneer 13. Decay Date: 1978-12-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 12106 . COSPAR: 1978-078G.

1979 August 8 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 August 8 - . 15:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Primrose Lake. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1983 August 8 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9B.
  • CHARGE-1 (TPE-3) Tether / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASA; ISAS. Apogee: 218 km (135 mi).

1983 August 8 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.61UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 239 km (148 mi).

1984 August 8 - . 08:46 GMT - .
1984 August 8 - . 12:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1589 - . Payload: Geo-IK no. 5. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: Geo-IK. USAF Sat Cat: 15171 . COSPAR: 1984-084A. Apogee: 1,504 km (934 mi). Perigee: 1,492 km (927 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 115.90 min. Summary: Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1985 August 8 - . 10:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1673 - . Payload: Yantar-1KFT no. 5. Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Cartographic satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-1KFT. Duration: 42.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-09-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 15942 . COSPAR: 1985-068A. Apogee: 271 km (168 mi). Perigee: 195 km (121 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. Summary: Military topographic / cartographic satellite..

1985 August 8 - . 11:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1674 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 50. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 15944 . COSPAR: 1985-069A. Apogee: 620 km (380 mi). Perigee: 594 km (369 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.80 min. Summary: Replaced Cosmos 1536..

1985 August 8 - . 21:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM. LV Configuration: Proton-K/DM 317-02.
  • Raduga 16 - . Payload: Raduga s/n 26L. Mass: 1,940 kg (4,270 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Raduga . Completed Operations Date: 1988-10-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 15946 . COSPAR: 1985-070A. Apogee: 35,818 km (22,256 mi). Perigee: 35,788 km (22,237 mi). Inclination: 10.8000 deg. Period: 1,436.90 min. Stationed at 45 deg. E. Provision of telephone and telegraph radiocommunications and television broadcasting. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 45 deg E in 1985-1987; 170 deg W in 1987-1988 As of 1 September 2001 located at 34.20 deg W drifting at 0.087 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 161.95W drifting at 0.182W degrees per day.

1986 August 8 - . 14:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1988 August 8 - . 09:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1962 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1988-08-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 19372 . COSPAR: 1988-068A. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. Summary: Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1989 August 8 - . 12:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-28R.
  • STS-28 - . Call Sign: Columbia. Crew: Adamson; Brown, Mark; Leestma; Richards; Shaw. Payload: Columbia F08 / DoD. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Adamson; Brown, Mark; Leestma; Richards; Shaw. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-28. Spacecraft: Columbia. Duration: 5.04 days. Decay Date: 1989-08-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 20164 . COSPAR: 1989-061A. Apogee: 306 km (190 mi). Perigee: 289 km (179 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 90.50 min. Manned five crew. Deployed 2 classified satellites. Landed at: Runway 17 dry lake bed at Edwards Air Force Base, . Landing Speed: 287 kph. Touchdown miss distance: 1,618.00 m. Landing Rollout: 1,833.00 m. Payloads: DoD Mission.
  • USA 41 - . Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: SSF. Decay Date: 1989-12-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 20172 . COSPAR: 1989-061C. Apogee: 307 km (190 mi). Perigee: 296 km (183 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 90.50 min. Summary: Deployed from STS-28 8/8/89. Believed to be one-off ferret satellite under COBRA BRASS measurement and signature intelligence experiment..
  • USA 40 - . Payload: SDS B-1. Mass: 5,900 kg (13,000 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: SDS-2. USAF Sat Cat: 20167 . COSPAR: 1989-061B. Apogee: 307 km (190 mi). Perigee: 296 km (183 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 90.50 min. Summary: Deployed from STS-28 8 August 1989..

1989 August 8 - . 23:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP. LV Configuration: Ariane 44LP V33.
  • TVSAT 2 - . Mass: 2,130 kg (4,690 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: Bundespost. Program: TVSAT. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 300. Completed Operations Date: 1999-09-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 20168 . COSPAR: 1989-062A. Apogee: 35,951 km (22,338 mi). Perigee: 35,863 km (22,284 mi). Inclination: 3.3000 deg. Period: 1,442.20 min. TV services to West Germany; 19 deg W. Direct broadcasting satellite. Position 19 deg W. Ariane 4, flight no 33. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 19 deg W in 1989-1995; 1 deg W in 1995-1998; 12 deg W in 1998-1999 As of 31 August 2001 located at 29.41 deg W drifting at 1.503 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 150.44E drifting at 1.494W degrees per day.
  • Hipparcos - . Mass: 1,130 kg (2,490 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: Hipparcos. USAF Sat Cat: 20169 . COSPAR: 1989-062B. Apogee: 35,836 km (22,267 mi). Perigee: 542 km (336 mi). Inclination: 6.7000 deg. Period: 638.70 min. Summary: Didn't reach GEO due to AKM failure; measured star positions. Scientific satellite for astrometry. Frequency plan 2054.25 /2241 MHz. Launch time 2325:53 UT. Designator ESA/89/03. .

1990 August 8 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 2090 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 41. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 20735 . COSPAR: 1990-070A. Apogee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Perigee: 1,392 km (864 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.80 min. Summary: Six satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 2091 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 42. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 20736 . COSPAR: 1990-070B. Apogee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,411 km (876 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Cosmos 2092 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 43. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 20737 . COSPAR: 1990-070C. Apogee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Perigee: 1,407 km (874 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.
  • Cosmos 2095 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 46. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 20740 . COSPAR: 1990-070F. Apogee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Perigee: 1,384 km (859 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.80 min.
  • Cosmos 2094 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 45. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 20739 . COSPAR: 1990-070E. Apogee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Perigee: 1,396 km (867 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min.
  • Cosmos 2093 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 44. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 20738 . COSPAR: 1990-070D. Apogee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Perigee: 1,401 km (870 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min.

1990 August 8 - . 11:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Topol. Launch Vehicle: Topol.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1991 August 8 - .
  • Death of James Benson 'Jim' Irwin at Glenwood City, Colorado. Natural causes - Heart attack. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Irwin. Summary: American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Apollo 15. Eighth person to walk on the moon..

1992 August 8 - .
1994 August 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • CEC Target Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1995 August 8 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion NASA 31.110UE.
1996 August 8 - . 22:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L. LV Configuration: Ariane 44L-3 V90.
  • Italsat F2 - . Nation: Italy. Agency: ASI. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Italsat. USAF Sat Cat: 24208 . COSPAR: 1996-044A. Apogee: 35,801 km (22,245 mi). Perigee: 35,771 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 13 deg E in 1996-1998; 16 deg E in 1998-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 16.38 deg E drifting at 0.010 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 94.10W drifting at 1.863E degrees per day..
  • Telecom 2D - . Nation: France. Agency: France Telecom. Manufacturer: Toulouse. Program: Telecom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 2000. USAF Sat Cat: 24209 . COSPAR: 1996-044B. Apogee: 35,803 km (22,246 mi). Perigee: 35,771 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.2000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 3 deg E in 1996; 5 deg W in 1996-2000; 8 deg W in 2000.- As of 5 September 2001 located at 7.90 deg W drifting at 0.004 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 7.85W drifting at 0.005W degrees per day..

1997 August 8 - . 06:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44P. LV Configuration: Ariane 44P-3 V98.
  • Panamsat 6 - . Payload: PAS 6. Nation: USA. Agency: Panamsat. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Program: Panamsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 24891 . COSPAR: 1997-040A. Apogee: 35,796 km (22,242 mi). Perigee: 35,778 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 43 deg W in 1997-2002. As of 2004 Oct 17 located at 96.68W drifting at 1.977W degrees per day..

1997 August 8 - . 13:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Falling Sphere.
  • CRISTA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1997 August 8 - . 13:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion Improved. LV Configuration: Terrier Improved Orion NASA 41.11UE. FAILURE: Failure.
  • COORS / ROCKI (CRISTA) Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1997 August 8 - . 16:29 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC NASA 21.120NE.
  • METEORS Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

2000 August 8 - .
  • ISS Status Report: ISS 00-37 - . Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Summary: The International Space Station (ISS) grew in size and capability once again today with the picture-perfect docking of its first Progress supply craft at 3:13 p.m. Central Time.. Additional Details: ISS Status Report: ISS 00-37.

2001 August 8 - . 16:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. Launch Pad: SLC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7326-9.5. LV Configuration: Delta 7326-9.5 D287.
  • Genesis - . Payload: Discovery 5. Mass: 636 kg (1,402 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; JPL. Manufacturer: Martin. Program: Discovery. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: Genesis. USAF Sat Cat: 26884 . COSPAR: 2001-034A. Apogee: 1,175,513 km (730,428 mi). Perigee: 213,681 km (132,774 mi). Inclination: 28.0000 deg. Period: 97,345.15 min. Launch delayed from February 10 and July 30. The Genesis probe flew to the Earth-Sun L1 Lagrangian point and spend two years collecting samples of the solar wind. The collected samples were to be physically returned to Earth in a sample return capsule (air-snatch recovery was planned over Utah) and analysed in ground-based laboratories. The first burn of the Delta second stage put Genesis in a 185 x 197 km x 28.5 deg parking orbit at 1624 GMT. At 1712 GMT a second burn raised the orbit to 182 x 3811 km, and at 1713 GMT the third stage fired to put Genesis on its trajectory to L1 with a nominal apogee of around 1.2 million km. By the first week of November 2001 Genesis arrived at the Earth-Sun L1 point. A malfunctioning thermal radiator caused some concern for the health of the sample return capsule's critical battery, which was overheating, but Genesis began collecting solar wind samples on schedule.

    On September 8, 2004, the Genesis space probe became the first spacecraft to return from beyond lunar orbit to the Earth's surface. The Genesis Sample Return Capsule separated from the spacecraft on September 8, 66,000 km above the Earth. The capsule successfully re-entered the atmosphere over Oregon at 11 km/s, but a wiring error resulted in the drogue parachute release mortar failing to fire at 33 km altitude. The capsule crashed to earth at 90 m/s in the Dugway Proving Ground at 40 07 40 N 113 30 29 W. Although the vehicle was smashed, some of the samples could be retrieved.


2003 August 8 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Shadow Education mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: FLASPACE. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

2003 August 8 - . 03:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiritimati. Launch Pad: 0.0 N x 154.0 W. Launch Platform: ODYSSEY. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-3SL. LV Configuration: Zenit-3SL 10.
  • Echostar 9 (Telstar 13) - . Mass: 4,737 kg (10,443 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: PanAmSat. Program: Echostar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 27854 . COSPAR: 2003-034A. Apogee: 35,809 km (22,250 mi). Perigee: 35,764 km (22,222 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Originally to have launched December 2002. Echostar 9 carried a Ku and Ka band communications payload for Echostar, and a C-band payload owned by Loral Skynet but about to be sold to Intelsat. Loral called the satellite Telstar 13. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 121.04W drifting at 0.007W degrees per day.

2005 August 8 - .
  • STS-114 MCC Status Report #27 - . Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-11; STS-114. Summary: Discovery's seven astronauts will spend another day in space after weather conditions at the Kennedy Space Center landing site prevented a return to Earth today.. Additional Details: STS-114 MCC Status Report #27.

2007 August 8 - . 22:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-118.
  • STS-118 - . Call Sign: Endeavour. Crew: Kelly, Scott; Hobaugh; Caldwell; Mastracchio; Williams, Dave; Morgan; Drew. Payload: Endeavour F20 / S5, Spacehab. Mass: 14,036 kg (30,944 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kelly, Scott; Hobaugh; Caldwell; Mastracchio; Williams, Dave; Morgan; Drew. Agency: NASA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: ISS EO-15; STS-118; ISS EO-15-1. Spacecraft: Endeavour. Duration: 12.75 days. Decay Date: 2007-08-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 32008 . COSPAR: 2007-035A. Apogee: 348 km (216 mi). Perigee: 337 km (209 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.40 min. Space Shuttle Endeavour was launched on Aug 8 at 2236 UTC. The STS-118 stack comprised Orbiter OV-105, solid rockets RSRM-97 and external tank ET-117. The solid boosters separated 2 min after launch. At 2245 UTC the orbiter main engines cut off and ET-117 separated into an approximately 57 x 225 km x 51.6 deg orbit. The OMS-2 burn at 2313 UTC put Endeavour in a higher 229 x 317 km orbit as the ET fell back to reentry around 2346 UTC.

    During ascent a large chunk of external tank foam was observed to hit the underside of the orbiter. Examination in orbit using the robotic arm showed a hole in a heat shield tile that went down to the felt mounting pad. There was considerable press discussion of the danger, but as the mission drew to a close NASA decided that no lasting damage would be incurred during reentry to the orbiter structure, and called off a potential extra spacewalk to repair the tile.

    Endeavour docked at the PMA-2 adapter on the Station at 18:02 GMT on 10 August; the hatches were opened at 20:04.

    The 14036 kg of cargo broke down as follows:

    • Bay 1-2: Orbiter Docking System, 1800 kg
    • Bay 1-2: EMU 3010, 130 kg
    • Bay 1-2: EMU 3017, 130 kg
    • Bay 3: Tunnel Adapter, 112 kg
    • Bay 5-7: Spacehab-SM Single Module, 5480 kg: Loaded with research experimental equipment and consumables to be left at the station.
    • Bay 8P: SPDU: Station Power Distribution Unit, will be left at the ISS and allow the Orbiter to draw electricity from the station while docked, allowing longer missions
    • Bay 8-10: S5 Truss, 1584 kg: a short spacer truss installed at the end of the ISS S4 truss during the mission, to eliminate interference with the S6 solar panels when they would be added later
    • Bay 11-12: ESP-3, 3400 kg: External Stowage Platform 3, left at the ISS, provided external storage for spare parts, and was delivered with a spare nitrogen tank for the truss cooling system, a spare truss battery charge/discharge unit (BCDU), a spare Canadarm-2 robot arm pitch roll joint, and a replacement Control Moment Gyro for the Z1 truss
    • Bay 11-12: CMG-3R ORU, 540 kg
    • Sill: OBSS, 450 kg
    • Sill: RMS 201, 410 kg
    The shuttle's RMS 201 robotic arm moved the S5 truss from the payload bay at 20:50 on 10 August. It was handed over to the station's Canadarm-2 robotic arm, which then attached it to the S4 truss at 17:30 on 11 August, with astronauts assisting on the first of four spacewalks of the mission. On 14 August, ESP-3 was unberthed from Endeavour's payload bay and attached to the P3 truss on the Station, where its spare parts can be reached if needed.

    Following successful completion of all cargo delivery and station assembly tasks, the crew returned to Endeavour on 18 August, undocking the next day at 11:56 GMT. Landing was moved up a day ahead of schedule because of concern a hurricane might force evacuation of the Houston Control Center on the originally-planned return date. Endeavour began its deorbit burn at 15:25 GMT on August 21 and lowered its orbit from 336 x 347 km to -28 x 342 km. It landed on runway 15 at Kennedy Space Center at 16:32 GMT. Landing mass was 100,878 kg.


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