Encyclopedia Astronautica
August 15


August 15 Chronology


1905 August 15 - .
  • Birth of Aleksandr Grigoryevich Mrykin - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Russian officer. First Deputy Commander of GURVO 1955-1965. Strategic Missile Forces liaison with space units..

1912 August 15 - .
  • Birth of Bernhard Tessmann - . Nation: Austria; Germany. Summary: Austrian-German engineer, leading engine test at Peenemuende from 1936. In 1943 evacuated to Koelpinsee; designed V-2 mobile launcher and planned Zement facility at Ebensee. In US from 1945, worked as von Braun's Deputy Director for Testing..

1934 August 15 - .
  • Birth of Valentin Stepanovich Varlamov - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1961. Left team after fracturing a vertebra in a diving accident in July 1960. Worked in the Soviet space program as a flight instructor for new cosmonauts within the TsPK..

1935 August 15 - .
  • Tsien Hsue-shen leaves China to study at MIT. - . Nation: China. Related Persons: Tsien. Program: Long March. Summary: Tsien Hsue-shen, father of Chinese rocketry and spaceflight, leaves China on a Boxer Rebellion Scholarship to study at MIT..

1941 August 15 - .
1944 August 15 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende GWO. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 18267.
1946 August 15 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 10. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Chemical release / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; Princeton. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi). Summary: Launched 11:00 local time. Reached 6.5 km. Carried cosmic radiation experiments for Palmer Physics Lab, Princeton University..

1947 August 15 - .
1948 August 15 - .
  • Independent Republic of Korea is proclaimed, following election supervised by UN - . Nation: USA.

1950 August 15 - .
  • Birth of Ricardo Peralta y Fabi - . Nation: Mexico. Summary: Mexican engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1985. Research scientist at National University in Mexico City. Selected as backup for STS-61B, but mission cancelled after Challenger disaster..

1951 August 15 - .
  • First flight of the 346-3 rocketplane. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: 346. Summary: Ziese resumed flight with the final version of the 346, the 346-3..

1951 August 15 - . Launch Site: Edwards.
  • D-558 reaches record altitude. - . Crew: Bridgeman. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bridgeman. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: D-558-2. Summary: William Bridgeman flew the D-558-II Skyrocket to 79,494 feet, highest altitude attained by a human being to date..

1951 August 15 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-1. Launch Vehicle: R-1B. LV Configuration: R-1B 2.
  • Test / solar ultraviolet / biology mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: Payload, instruments, left and right animal containers all recovered. Smoke container failed. Carried dogs..

1952 August 15 - . LV Family: R-1. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
  • First stand tests of production R-1 engines. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: First stand tests of production 8D51 engines began on 15 August 1952..

1954 August 15 - . LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter C.
  • Von Braun proposes launch of US satellite. - . Payload: Explorer A. Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Explorer A. Summary: Von Braun report 'A Minimum Satellite Vehicle Based on Components Available from Developments of the Army Ordnance Corps' in response to June Pentagon meeting proposes $ 100,000 to launch satellite by Redstone..

1957 August 15 - .
  • X-1B Flight 24 - . Crew: Armstrong. Payload: X-1B flight 24. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Armstrong. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: X-1B. Summary: NACA flight 14. Pilot check. Nose landing gear failed on landing, minor damage..

1958 August 15 - .
  • Vostok advanced project complete. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Feoktistov. Spacecraft: Vostok. Summary: A section devoted to the spacecraft was formed on 15 August 1958. Konstantin Feoktistov was one of the leading enthusiasts in this effort..

1958 August 15 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
  • Saturn I project initiated by ARPA. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Program: Apollo. The Advanced Research Projects Agency ARPA provided the Army Ordnance Missile Command (AOMC) with authority and initial funding to develop the Juno V (later named Saturn launch vehicle. ARPA Order 14 described the project: "Initiate a development program to provide a large space vehicle booster of approximately 1.5 million pounds of thrust based on a cluster of available rocket engines. The immediate goal of this program is to demonstrate a full-scale captive dynamic firing by the end of calendar year 1959." Within AOMC, the Juno V project was assigned to the Army Ballistic Missile Agency at Redstone Arsenal Huntsville, Ala.

1958 August 15 - . 04:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC10. Launch Vehicle: Jason. LV Configuration: Jason Jason 1822.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 693 km (430 mi).

1958 August 15 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee.
  • Test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1959 August 15 - .
  • Mercury astronauts began their initial centrifuge training - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. The astronauts began their initial centrifuge training at the Aviation Medical Acceleration Laboratory. During the first part of the month Space Task Group personnel had installed and checked out Mercury spacecraft simulation equipment at the Aviation Medical Acceleration Laboratory in preparation for the astronaut centrifuge training program.

1959 August 15 - .
1959 August 15 - . 00:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC26B. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Juno II. LV Configuration: Juno II AM-19B. FAILURE: First stage shut down too early; no attitude control for upper stages.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Beacon 2 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Beacon 1. Decay Date: 1959-08-14 . COSPAR: F590815A.

1960 August 15 - .
  • Electric arc jet rocket engine contract. - . Nation: USA. Summary: NASA announced selection of Plasmadyne Corp. for contract negotiations on a 1-kilowatt electric arc jet rocket engine..

1961 August 15 - .
  • Korolev proposes a Vostok group flight - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Korolev. Program: Vostok. Flight: Vostok 3; Vostok 4. Korolev proposes to Kamanin the launch of three manned Vostok spacecraft at one-day intervals: the first on a three-day flight, and the second and third on two- or three-day flights. Three Soviet manned spacecraft would be in orbit at once. Kamanin has no problem in principle, but does not believe any such flight could take place until 1962, rather than the November 1961 schedule proposed by Korolev. Kamanin goes so far as to write a letter from the VVS saying they would not agree to such a schedule. Due to problems on Titov's one-day flight, Kamanin believed the next flight should not exceed two days, which implied a maximum of only two spacecraft could be in space at one time. Korolev is furious -- and his relationship with the VVS and Kamanin are poor thereafter.

1961 August 15 - . LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton.
  • Chelomei begins UR-500 Proton design studies. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Chelomei. Manufacturer: Chelomei. Program: GR-2. At first the launch vehicle was simply to consist of 4 two-stage UR-200 rockets lashed together, the first and second stages working in parallel in clusters. A third stage would be modified from the UR-200 second stage. However study of this configuration, which included manufacturing of a dynamic test article, indicated that the payload capacity could not meet the military’s requirements.

1961 August 15 - . 17:21 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 AA3.130.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Monochromator Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 271 km (168 mi).

1962 August 15 - .
  • Navy swimmers refresher training for Mercury MA-8 - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Flight: Mercury MA-8. Navy swimmers, designated for the Mercury-Atlas 8 (MA-8) manned orbital mission recovery area, started refresher training at Pensacola, Florida. Instruction included installing the auxiliary flotation collar on a boilerplate spacecraft and briefings on assisting astronaut egress from the spacecraft.

1962 August 15 - .
  • Landing of Vostok 3 - . Return Crew: Nikolayev. Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Nikolayev; Popovich. Program: Vostok. Flight: Vostok 3. Summary: Recovered August 15, 1962 6:52 GMT. Landed 48:02N 75:45 E. Both the Vostok 3 and 4 spacecraft land successfully six minutes apart a short distance from each other..

1962 August 15 - .
  • Landing of Vostok 4 - . Return Crew: Popovich. Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Nikolayev; Popovich; Smirnov; Korolev; Khrushchev; Rudenko; Keldysh; Gagarin. Program: Vostok. Flight: Vostok 4. Recovered August 15, 1962 6:59 GMT. Landed 48:09 N 71:51 E. By 07:00 the temperature aboard Vostok 4 is down to 10 deg C, and the humidity at 35%. Popovich is ready to continue for a fourth day, but he admits the cold is getting to him. Keldysh and Rudenko now support returning Vostok 4 to earth on the 49th orbit, but Smirnov still wants to go for the extra day. Then Popovich radios 'I observe thunderstorms (groza). Groza is the pre-agreed code word to indicate that the cosmonaut is vomiting. It is believed he is declaring an emergency and requesting an immediate landing. The State Commission meets again and has to decide within 40 minutes whether to begin setting the spacecraft up for retrofire. But then when Korolev and Smirnov ask the cosmonaut to verify, he explains "I am excellent, I was observing meteorological thunderstorms and lightning". However Gagarin and Kamanin are suspicious of the explanation - they believe Popovich had an attack of nausea, panicked, made the emergency radio transmission, but then felt better and didn't want to admit to his weakness when confronted by the leadership. However it is now too late. He is set to return at nearly the same time as Nikolayev on Vostok 3. Both spacecraft land successfully six minutes apart a short distance from each other. However flight plans for the State Commission are wrecked due to bad weather at nearby airfields.

1963 August 15 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Nike Zeus. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus. LV Configuration: Nike Zeus-3.
  • K-26 Titan Intercept - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1963 August 15 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-A1. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I SM-7.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1964 August 15 - . LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K.
  • Chief Designers review of Voskhod at OKB-1 - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Khrushchev, Sergei; Chelomei. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 1. Spacecraft: Voskhod; LK-1. All concerned designers, bureaux, and institutes certify the reliability of the systems of the spacecraft and launch vehicle. The second phase of trials of the soft landing system have been successful. Of 10 drops, 9 landed with vertical velocity under 7.5 m/s, and of those, 6 landed with a speed of only 0.0 to 1.5 m/s. There are still concerns about how the system will function in soft soils or adverse weather conditions. Nevertheless the decision is taken to ship the spacecraft to the cosmodrome for final preparations between 18 and 25 August. It is likely that the manned flight cannot occur until the end of September. Later in the day Kamanin is visited by Sergei Nikitovich Khrushchev and other experts from Chelomei's design bureau. They brief Kamanin on plans for a manned circumnavigation of the moon using their spacecraft launched by their UR-500 booster by the end of 1967.

1965 August 15 - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • First ground test firing of S-IVB stage - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station.

1966 August 15 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2.
  • The tanking test of Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 11 was conducted. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 11. While GLV post-tanking operations were being performed, the Final Systems Tests of spacecraft No. 11 were conducted August 22-23. Spacecraft and GLV were mechanically mated August 24 and erector cycling was tested. The electrical interface was revalidated August 25-29. The Simultaneous Launch Demonstration on August 31 and the Simulated Flight Test on September 1 completed prelaunch testing.

1966 August 15 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1966 August 15 - . 18:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.32DA.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 698 km (433 mi).

1966 August 15 - . 21:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.170UA.
  • Meteoroids Aeronomy / meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1967 August 15 - .
  • L3 quarantine discussed. - . Nation: USSR. Program: Lunar L3. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-LOK; LK. Summary: Sterilisation and quarantine of the L3 spacecraft on its return from the moon is discussed..

1967 August 15 - . 18:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 CRL AG3.528.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Mon Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1968 August 15 - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Webb briefed on Apollo 8 lunar mission concept. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Phillips, Samuel; Low, George; Webb; Paine. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 7; Apollo 8. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. Phillips and Paine discussed the plan with Webb in Vienna. Webb wanted to think about it, and requested further information by diplomatic carrier. That same day Phillips called Low and informed him that Mueller had agreed to the plan with the provisions that no full announcement would be made until after the Apollo 7 flight; that it could be announced that 503 would be manned and possible missions were being studied; and that an internal document could be prepared for a planned lunar orbit for December.

1968 August 15 - . 07:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 CRL AE3.725.
  • Infrared horizon Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1969 August 15 - . 21:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 CRL A03.903-1.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Mon Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi).

1972 August 15 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • N1 7L launch readiness review - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Mishin. Program: Lunar L3. Summary: Mishin held a Soviet of N1 chief designers to confirm launch readiness..

1973 August 15 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Vehicle: Tater.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1973 August 15 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC101. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 August 15 - . 05:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.512UA.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1974 August 15 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1975 August 15 - . 04:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • FOT GT122M-1 Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1975 August 15 - . 05:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg PLC-C. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Paiute Tomahawk CRL A10.406-2.
  • ESCAPE I (Sphere) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFSC. Apogee: 272 km (169 mi).

1977 August 15 - . 23:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1978 August 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas NASA 15.158UU.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1979 August 15 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg.
  • Ferry flight, Ogden to Vandenberg AFB - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: Enterprise. Summary: Ferry flight, shuttle carrier aircraft/Enterprise (OV-101), Ogden to Vandenberg AFB (2 hours, 20 minutes).

1979 August 15 - . 14:16 GMT - .
  • EVA Salyut 6 EO-3-1 - . Crew: Lyakhov; Ryumin. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.0576 days. Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Lyakhov; Ryumin. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Flight: Salyut 6 EO-3. Spacecraft: Salyut 6. Summary: Jettisoned KRT-10 antenna from rear docking port..

1980 August 15 - . Launch Site: Jingyu. Launch Vehicle: DF-4.
  • First DF-4 test from Jingyu. - . Nation: China. Program: Long March. Summary: First launch from Jingyu test site..

1980 August 15 - . 05:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Cosmos 1206 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 26. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. Decay Date: 2002-01-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 11932 . COSPAR: 1980-069A. Apogee: 531 km (329 mi). Perigee: 525 km (326 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 95.20 min.

1982 August 15 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima T. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: TT-500A. LV Configuration: TT-500A TT-500A-11F.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1983 August 15 - .
  • OK-KS Buran systems test stand completed - . Nation: USSR. Program: Buran. Spacecraft: Buran. The OK-KS Buran systems test stand was built at NPO Energia to conduct tests not possible on other stands. These included electrical layout, pneumo-hydraulic tests in abort conditions, EMI tests, failure mode response, telemetry, interface with the launch vehicle, software systems test. The test series was completed in March 1984. 77% of the tests of the OK were automated, compared with only 5% for the Soyuz-TM.

1984 August 15 - . 23:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1986 August 15 - . LV Family: Energia. Launch Vehicle: Energia.
  • Tests of Energia with payload cannister - . Nation: USSR. Program: Buran. Spacecraft: Buran. Summary: Following the decision to make the first flight of Energia without a Buran orbiter, in August-September 1986 further UKSS tests of Energia were conducted. These used a dummy payload and solid rocket motors to simulate loads from the booster rockets..

1987 August 15 - . 17:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.021CS.
  • AS&E SAIP XRT Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1988 August 15 - . 14:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1989 August 15 - . 10:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Resurs F-04 - . Payload: Resurs-F2 17F42 s/n 4. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Resurs F2. Duration: 30.00 days. Decay Date: 1989-09-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 20175 . COSPAR: 1989-063A. Apogee: 226 km (140 mi). Perigee: 178 km (110 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 88.50 min. Summary: Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation. .

1990 August 15 - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Weapon test - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1990 August 15 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U2. LV Configuration: Soyuz 11A511U2 T15000-042.
  • Progress M-4 - . Payload: Progress M s/n 204. Mass: 7,294 kg (16,080 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Mir EO-7. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 36.32 days. Completed Operations Date: 1990-09-20 11:43:08 . Decay Date: 1990-09-20 11:43:08 . USAF Sat Cat: 20752 . COSPAR: 1990-072A. Apogee: 219 km (136 mi). Perigee: 184 km (114 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.50 min. Unmanned resupply vessel to Mir. Delivered cables for rewiring operations and equipment for Soyuz TM-11 Japanese journalist flight. Docked with Mir on 17 Aug 1990 05:26:13 GMT. Undocked on 17 Sep 1990 12:42:43 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 20 Sep 1990 11:42:49 GMT. Total free-flight time 5.02 days. Total docked time 31.30 days.

1990 August 15 - . 08:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein RN. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk Nike. LV Configuration: Taurus Nike Tomahawk NASA 38.15UE.
  • CRRES AA-6 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 428 km (265 mi).

1990 August 15 - . 08:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein RN. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk Nike. LV Configuration: Taurus Nike Tomahawk NASA 38.16UE.
  • CRRES Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 440 km (270 mi).

1991 August 15 - . 09:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Meteor 3-05 - . Payload: Meteor-3 s/n 5/TOMS. Mass: 2,150 kg (4,730 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor-3. USAF Sat Cat: 21655 . COSPAR: 1991-056A. Apogee: 1,208 km (750 mi). Perigee: 1,185 km (736 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 109.30 min. Gathering of hydrometeorological data; testing of data-gathering and measuring equipment, of optical and mechanical television and radiometric scanning apparatus, of instruments for geophysical research and of methods for the remote sensing of the atmosph ere and the Earth's surface for various branches of the USSR economy and science; charting the state of the ozone layer, using American (Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer) instrument. Meteor 3-5 continued to operate during 1993-1994, but its US TOMS developed problems in May, 1993, and failed entirely in late 1994. However, the data returned by the 30-kg instrument, particularly over the south polar region, was exceptionally valuable.

1991 August 15 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1992 August 15 - . 22:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U2. LV Configuration: Soyuz 11A511U2 U15000-064.
  • Progress M-14 - . Payload: Progress M s/n 209. Mass: 7,176 kg (15,820 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Mir EO-12. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 67.04 days. Completed Operations Date: 1992-10-22 23:12:40 . Decay Date: 1992-10-22 23:12:40 . USAF Sat Cat: 22090 . COSPAR: 1992-055A. Apogee: 221 km (137 mi). Perigee: 187 km (116 mi). Inclination: 51.5000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Unmanned resupply vessel to Mir. Progress M-38 was specially modified to carry the first VDU (Vynosnaya Dvigatel'naya Ustanovka, External Engine Unit) propulsion unit. The VDU was mounted externally on a special structure between the cargo module and the service module, replacing the OKD fuel section present on normal Progress vehicles. The crew spacewalked to extract the VDU from Progress and place it on the end of the Sofora boom extending from the Kvant module. The VDU was used to provide attitude control capability for the Mir station. Docked with Mir on 18 Aug 1992 00:20:48 GMT. Undocked on 21 Oct 1992 16:46:01 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 21 Oct 1992 23:12:00 GMT. Total free-flight time 2.35 days. Total docked time 64.68 days.

1995 August 15 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg.
  • First launch from SLC-6 (Athena-1) - . Nation: USA. Summary: First launch from Space Launch Complex 6 involved the Lockheed Launch Vehicle I (LLV-1), carrying the commercial satellite GEMSTAR..

1995 August 15 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC6. LV Family: Athena. Launch Vehicle: Athena-1. LV Configuration: LLV-1 DLV. FAILURE: Destroyed by range safety 160 sec into flight after failure of thrust vector control system.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • GemStar 1 (VitaSat) - . Payload: Gemstar DSS-1. Mass: 113 kg (249 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: LMSC. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: GemStar. Decay Date: 1995-08-15 . COSPAR: F950815A. Summary: Global Electronic Messaging Satellite;..

1997 August 15 - . 10:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • CRISTA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1997 August 15 - . 20:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • CRISTA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1998 August 15 - .
1998 August 15 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.176UH.
  • EEV CCD X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1999 August 15 - . LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-2F.
  • China Upgrades Launch Facilities - . Nation: China. Tang Xianming, Director of the Xichang Launch Center, confirmed the construction of a new Vertical Assembly Facility at the Jiuquan Launch Center. He also affirmed that China would continue to use the Xichang Launch Center, which would be upgraded with improved data processing and control equipment.

2000 August 15 - . LV Family: KT. Launch Vehicle: KT-1.
  • KT-1 solid rocket launcher - . Nation: China. Summary: China completed the overall design of the rocket engine that is to be used on its first all-solid space launch vehicle..

2001 August 15 - .
2002 August 15 - .
  • Contour Injection Maneuver To Leave Earth's Orbit - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Contour.

2003 August 15 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Shadow Education mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: FLASPACE. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

2004 August 15 - . 08:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.036UE.
  • EQUIS II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 450 km (270 mi).

2004 August 15 - . 08:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion Improved. LV Configuration: Terrier Improved Orion NASA 41.044UE.
  • EQUIS II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2004 August 15 - . 08:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion Improved. LV Configuration: Terrier Improved Orion NASA 41.046UE. FAILURE: Failure.
  • EQUIS II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2007 August 15 - . 14:37 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-118-3 - . Crew: Mastracchio; Anderson, Clayton. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.23 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Mastracchio; Anderson, Clayton. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-15; ISS EO-15-2; STS-118. The crew exited into free space at 14:36 GMT. The SASA antenna was relocated from the P6 to the P1 truss, and two CETA carts were moved from S1 to P1. As a precautionary measure Mastracchio retreated to the airlock when he found minor damage to his glove, but Anderson continued working outside for another hour.

2011 August 15 - . 22:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Complex: Taiyuan LC2. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-4B.
  • Haiyang 2A - . Nation: China. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: HY-1. USAF Sat Cat: 37781 . COSPAR: 2011-043A. Apogee: 967 km (600 mi). Perigee: 966 km (600 mi). Inclination: 99.4000 deg. Period: 104.40 min. Summary: Oceanographic satellite with a microwave radiometer, a radar altimeter and a radar scatterometer to monitor ocean conditions..

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