Encyclopedia Astronautica
August 16


August 16 Chronology


1902 August 16 - .
  • Birth of Crawford H Greenewalt - . Nation: USA. Summary: American businessman. President of duPont from 1948. Chaired committee in 1959-1960 that established national space objectives for NASA (which did not include any short-term ambitious manned programs)..

1933 August 16 - .
1938 August 16 - .
  • Birth of Oleg Grigoryevich Kononenko - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1980-1980. Graduated from Zhukovsky Air Force Institute, 1975 Civilian test pilot. Cosmonaut training December 1978 - July 1980..

1939 August 16 - .
  • Birth of Valeri Viktorovich Ryumin - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 25, Salyut 6 EO-3, Salyut 6 EO-4, STS-91. Was married to astronaut Yelena Kondakova. 371 cumulative days in space. Civilian Engineer, Korolev OKB.

1942 August 16 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende P7. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 V-003. FAILURE: Nose section break-up at T+45 seconds. Range 8.7 km .
1944 August 16 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende P7. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 18263.
  • - . Nation: Germany. Summary: Burnout at T+61seconds. Flight duration 302 seconds. Range 227 km (First 11/18000).

1955 August 16 - . Launch Site: NAOTS. Launch Platform: F2H2. Launch Vehicle: Rockair. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi). First successful demonstration of Rockair technique (resarch rocket launched from aircraft) by ONR and University of Maryland team, a 2.75-inch FFAR rocket fired from a Navy F2H-2 aircraft to an altitude of approximately 180,000 feet. Rockair technique first suggested by Herman Oberth (1929) and others.

1955 August 16 - . Launch Site: NAOTS. Launch Platform: F2H2. Launch Vehicle: Rockair.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1957 August 16 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC3. LV Family: X-17. Launch Vehicle: X-17. LV Configuration: X-17 5-204-1.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 August 16 - .
  • Birth of Peter Jeffrey Kelsay 'Jeff' Wisoff - . Nation: USA. Summary: American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-57, STS-68, STS-81, STS-92. Was married to astronaut Tammy Jernigan..

1958 August 16 - . Launch Site: China Lake. Launch Complex: China Lake G-2. LV Family: Project Pilot. Launch Vehicle: Project Pilot. LV Configuration: Project Pilot-1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1960 August 16 - . 01:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp AA8.404.
  • Firefly ARLENE Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1960 August 16 - . 10:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.426.
  • Firefly PEGGY Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1961 August 16 - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • First F-1 firing. - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Summary: F-1 rocket engine tested in first of firing series of the complete flight system..

1961 August 16 - . 03:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta. LV Configuration: Thor Delta 312/D6.
  • Explorer 12 - . Payload: EPE A (S-3). Mass: 38 kg (83 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: EPE. Decay Date: 1963-08-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 170 . COSPAR: 1961-Upsilon-1. Apogee: 76,620 km (47,600 mi). Perigee: 790 km (490 mi). Inclination: 33.4000 deg. Period: 1,587.30 min. Summary: Radiation and solar wind data. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1961 August 16 - . 20:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.02GT.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1962 August 16 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
  • S-IV successfully static-fired for the first time - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Program: Apollo. Summary: The second stage (S-IV) of the Saturn C-1 launch vehicle was successfully static-fired for the first time in a ten-second test at the Sacramento, Calif., facility by the Douglas Aircraft Company..

1962 August 16 - . Launch Site: Mountain Home AFB. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1.
  • Titan I ICBM 569th SMS (nine missiles) declared operational at Mountain Home AFB - . Nation: USA.

1964 August 16 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2.
  • Martin-Baltimore received the propellant tanks for Gemini launch vehicle 6 from Martin-Denver, which had begun fabricating them in April. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 6. Summary: After being inspected, the tanks were placed in storage where they remained until December 18..

1964 August 16 - . 00:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.57DA.
  • K64-S-3 Air sampling Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1964 August 16 - . 01:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.140GA.
  • K64-G-3 Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1964 August 16 - . 03:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.85GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1964 August 16 - . 05:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.115GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1965 August 16 - .
  • Chelomei's lunar spacecraft attacked - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Korolev; Chelomei. Program: Lunar L1. Spacecraft: LK-1. Korolev discusses Chelomei's manned lunar flyby spacecraft with Kamanin. The Party ordered Chelomei to have 12 manned circumlunar spacecraft completed during 1966 and the first quarter of 1967. Chelomei has worked on the he project for many years, but his bureau has not yet decided on a single firm design for the spacecraft, let alone start construction.

1965 August 16 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2.
  • Martin-Baltimore received propellant tanks for Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 9 from Martin-Denver, which had begun fabricating them February 25. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 9. These were the first GLV tanks to be carried by rail from Denver to Baltimore. All previous tanks had traveled by air, but shortage of suitable aircraft made the change necessary. The tanks were shipped August 9. Aerojet-General delivered the stage I engine for GLV-9 August 20 and the stage II engine September 22. Tank splicing was completed October 21, engine installation November 10. Horizontal testing concluded November 23.

1965 August 16 - . 20:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-C. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2. LV Configuration: Titan II B-6.
  • Magic Lamp operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 August 16 - .
  • Apollo LM test model No 3 (TM-3) shipped to Cape Kennedy - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM; LM Structural. Summary: The mockup of LM test model No. 3 (TM-3) was shipped by Super Guppy aircraft to Cape Kennedy, on the first trip of the Super Guppy from Grumman, Bethpage, N.Y..

1966 August 16 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1B 1342.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 August 16 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1A 522 (63-021). FAILURE: Failure.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1966 August 16 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Scanner.
  • Scanner 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 612 km (380 mi).

1966 August 16 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena D SLV-3. LV Configuration: SLV-3 Agena D 7121 / Agena D 7121.
  • KH 7-31 - . Payload: KH-7 no. 31 / OPS 1832. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-7. Decay Date: 1966-08-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 2396 . COSPAR: 1966-074A. Apogee: 330 km (200 mi). Perigee: 143 km (88 mi). Inclination: 93.2000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. Summary: KH-7 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • OPS 6810 - . Payload: SSF-B No. 5. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: SSF. Decay Date: 1970-03-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 2397 . COSPAR: 1966-074B. Apogee: 522 km (324 mi). Perigee: 511 km (317 mi). Inclination: 93.2000 deg. Period: 94.90 min. Summary: Radar monitoring..

1967 August 16 - . 06:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7C. LV Configuration: Skylark-7C SL581B.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1967 August 16 - . 17:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 3B. LV Configuration: Titan IIIB 3B-9.
  • OPS 4886 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 07 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1967-08-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 2919 . COSPAR: 1967-079A. Apogee: 445 km (276 mi). Perigee: 123 km (76 mi). Inclination: 111.5000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. Summary: KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1968 August 16 - .
  • Launch preparations for the Apollo 7 - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 7; Apollo 8. Spacecraft: Apollo LM; CSM Block II. NASA Associate Administrator for Manned Space Flight George E. Mueller reported to his superiors that launch preparations for the Apollo 7 mission were running ahead of schedule. Spacecraft 101 had been erected and mated with the launch vehicle on August 9. Additional Details: Launch preparations for the Apollo 7.

1968 August 16 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25C. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon. LV Configuration: Poseidon C3X-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 August 16 - . 11:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta N. LV Configuration: Thor Delta N 528/D58.
  • ESSA 7 - . Payload: TOS E. Mass: 145 kg (319 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: ESSA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: TOS. USAF Sat Cat: 3345 . COSPAR: 1968-069A. Apogee: 1,473 km (915 mi). Perigee: 1,431 km (889 mi). Inclination: 101.9000 deg. Period: 114.90 min. Summary: Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1968 August 16 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC32B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3. LV Configuration: Minuteman 3 FTM-201.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). Summary: First Minuteman III flight test missile launched from Vandenberg AFB..

1968 August 16 - . 20:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Burner 2. LV Configuration: Atlas / Burner 2 7004. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • LCS 3 - . Payload: LCS 3. Mass: 37 kg (81 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF; USN. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Orbiscal. Decay Date: 1968-08-16 . COSPAR: F680816A. Summary: First of two Atlas/Burner II space launches. 1 of 13 satellite launch attempts; investigate effects of ionosphere on radio signals..
  • EGRS 12 - . Payload: EGRS 12. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft: Orbiscal. COSPAR: F680816I.
  • OV5-8 - . Payload: OV5-8. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft: OV5. COSPAR: F680816H.
  • Orbiscal 1 - . Payload: Orbiscal 1. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft: Orbiscal. COSPAR: F680816F.
  • Radcat - . Payload: Radcat. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft: Radcat. COSPAR: F680816G.
  • RM-18 - . Payload: RM-18. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft: RM. COSPAR: F680816E.
  • AVL-802 Rigid Sphere - . Payload: AVL-802. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft: Calsphere. COSPAR: F680816L.
  • AVL-802 Grid Sphere 7-2 - . Payload: AVL-802. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft: Calsphere. COSPAR: F680816B.
  • AVL-802 Mylar Sphere - . Payload: AVL-802. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft: Calsphere. COSPAR: F680816D.
  • AVL-802 Grid Sphere 7-1 - . Payload: AVL-802. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft: Orbiscal. COSPAR: F680816C.
  • EGRS 11 - . Payload: EGRS 11. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft: Orbiscal. COSPAR: F680816J.

1969 August 16 - . 11:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 293 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1969-08-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 4072 . COSPAR: 1969-071A. Apogee: 244 km (151 mi). Perigee: 215 km (133 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; carried science package..

1970 August 16 - . 03:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAD-VB-31.
  • E fields Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1971 August 16 - . 16:32 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 633. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971 August 16 - . 18:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout B-1. LV Configuration: Scout B-1-F S180C.
  • Eole 1 - . Mass: 84 kg (185 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Eole. USAF Sat Cat: 5435 . COSPAR: 1971-071A. Apogee: 836 km (519 mi). Perigee: 651 km (404 mi). Inclination: 50.2000 deg. Period: 99.70 min. Summary: Experimental weather satellite; received meteorological data from balloon network. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1972 August 16 - . 13:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M Yu149-38.
  • Cosmos 514 - . Payload: Tsiklon Mass Model. Mass: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Tsiklon. USAF Sat Cat: 6148 . COSPAR: 1972-062A. Apogee: 967 km (600 mi). Perigee: 952 km (591 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.30 min. Summary: Military navigation satellite..

1973 August 16 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle.
  • Shuttle external tank contract - . Nation: USA. Summary: Boeing Michoud received the production contract, using facilities already built for Saturn V first stage construction. By 1996 the contract will have totalled $6.7 billion and covered the production of 120 external tanks..

1973 August 16 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle.
  • Shuttle solid rocket booster contract - . Nation: USA. Summary: United Space Boosters and Thiokol receive the contract..

1974 August 16 - . 03:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Cosmos 673 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 6. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. Decay Date: 1991-06-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 7417 . COSPAR: 1974-066A. Apogee: 416 km (258 mi). Perigee: 399 km (247 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 92.70 min.

1975 August 16 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC106. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1975 August 16 - . 07:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170. LV Configuration: Aerobee 170 NASA 13.50UH.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1976 August 16 - . 23:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-24.
  • E / B / ne Aurora mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1977 August 16 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 3H. LV Configuration: Lambda 3H L-3H-9.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 1,294 km (804 mi).

1978 August 16 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1979 August 16 - . Launch Site: Edwards.
  • Ferry flight, Vandenberg AFB to Edwards - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: Enterprise. Summary: Ferry flight, shuttle carrier aircraft/Enterprise (OV-101), Vandenberg AFB to Edwards (1 hour, 10 minutes).

1980 August 16 - . 11:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1983 August 16 - . 17:21 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.79UL.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Absolute Calibration Aeronomy / solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 314 km (195 mi).

1984 August 16 - . 09:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1590 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-17F41. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1984-08-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 15197 . COSPAR: 1984-087A. Apogee: 262 km (162 mi). Perigee: 207 km (128 mi). Inclination: 82.4000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. Summary: High resolution photo surveillance; film capsule; maneuverable. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1984 August 16 - . 14:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 3924. LV Configuration: Delta 3924 D175.
  • CCE-1 - . Payload: Charge Composition Explorer 1. Mass: 242 kg (533 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: AMPTE. USAF Sat Cat: 15199 . COSPAR: 1984-088A. Apogee: 49,671 km (30,864 mi). Perigee: 1,121 km (696 mi). Inclination: 4.8000 deg. Period: 939.50 min. Summary: Charge Composition Explorer; detected tracer ions released into magnetosphere by IRM. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .
  • Solar Cell Experiment - . Payload: STP. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Spacecraft: AMPTE. USAF Sat Cat: 15202 . COSPAR: 1984-088D. Apogee: 4,019 km (2,497 mi). Perigee: 546 km (340 mi). Inclination: 28.9185 deg. Period: 133.62 min.
  • AMPTE 2 - . Payload: AMPTE-IRM Ion Release Module 1. Mass: 605 kg (1,333 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: AMPTE. Decay Date: 1987-12-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 15200 . COSPAR: 1984-088B. Apogee: 113,818 km (70,723 mi). Perigee: 402 km (249 mi). Inclination: 27.0000 deg. Period: 2,653.40 min. Released barium, lithium ions into magnetosphere for detection by CCE, UKS. AMPTE-Ion Release Module, reg. no. D-R 002. Scientific research on the Earth's magnetosphere and plasma physics, in particular active experimentation by releasing ion clouds of lithium or barium (total of 7) in and outside the magnetosphere. Creation of a n artificial comet (1 barium cloud inside the magnetosheath). Diagnosis and experimentation in conjunction with the simultaneously launched satellites CCE (United States) and UKS (United Kingdom).
  • AMPTE 3 - . Payload: AMPTE-UKS UK Subsatellite. Mass: 77 kg (169 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: AMPTE. Decay Date: 1990-02-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 15201 . COSPAR: 1984-088C. Apogee: 113,417 km (70,473 mi). Perigee: 1,002 km (622 mi). Inclination: 26.9000 deg. Period: 2,659.60 min. Summary: Detected tracer ions released into magnetosphere by IRM. Magnetosphere research satellite. Launch time 1447 GMT. (Document quotes geocentric distances, which have been converted to orbital heights.).

1985 August 16 - . 15:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1676 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 59.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-10-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 15959 . COSPAR: 1985-072A. Apogee: 332 km (206 mi). Perigee: 169 km (105 mi). Inclination: 67.1000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1988 August 16 - .
  • Death of Albin Wittmann - . Nation: Germany; USA. Related Persons: Wittmann. Summary: German-American engineer. Member of the German rocket team, went to America after the first group. As of 1960, Head of Electrical Systems Analsyis Branch, Quality Division, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center. Died at Huntsville, Alabama..

1988 August 16 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1963 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 47.00 days. Decay Date: 1988-10-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 19384 . COSPAR: 1988-070A. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi). Perigee: 176 km (109 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1989 August 16 - . 11:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1990 August 16 - . 07:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Topol. Launch Vehicle: Topol.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1990 August 16 - . 09:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Resurs F-08 - . Payload: Resurs-F1 14F43 s/n 49. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-14F43. Duration: 16.00 days. Decay Date: 1990-09-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 20754 . COSPAR: 1990-073A. Apogee: 229 km (142 mi). Perigee: 176 km (109 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 88.50 min. Summary: Investigation of the natural resources of the Earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR; solution of problems relating to ecology and international cooperation. .

1994 August 16 - . 03:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.117CL.
  • EUVS Venus Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1995 August 16 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. Launch Vehicle: Storm. LV Configuration: Storm S10?.
  • MTTV MTD-1(GPS test) Target mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1995 August 16 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-560/300 Mk II.
  • Test mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 420 km (260 mi).

1996 August 16 - .
  • Mir News 322: Soyuz-TM24 - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Mir NASA-1; Mir EO-21. The most recent information from Moscow confirms that the launch of this ship with the relief-crew for the 22d Main Expedition to Mir is still planned for 17.08.1996 at 1317 UTC. If all goes according to plan Soyuz-TM24 will dock at Mir on 19.08.1996 at 1449 UTC.

    Progress-M32: This freighter will separate from Mir on 18.08.1996 at 0931 UTC. In contradiction to the supposition in MirNEWS.321 Progress-M32 will not be brought on a destruction course, but stay in orbit in an autonomous flight. The Progress-M32 will redock to Mir after the departure of Soyuz-TM23 with the relieved crew. The redocking has to take place on 3.09.1996. Progress-M32 will be used to reboost the Mir-complex in the original somewhat higher orbit after the return to earth of Atlantis (STS-79) in September.

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202.


1998 August 16 - .
  • Mir News 434: Successful docking Soyuz-TM28 - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Mir EP-4; Mir EO-26; Mir EO-25; Mir EO-26/-27. This transport ship docked at Mir's aft (+X-axis) docking port on 15.08.1998 at 10.56.52 UTC. The intention was to perform approach and docking in the automatic mode with the system Kurs, but at the distance of about 20 M, when the approach speed was almost 0 M/sec. , TsUP seemed to be unsure about the good functioning of the Kurs system and ordered Padalka to take over the approach manually. From the distance of 12 M Padalka flawlessly steered his ship to the docking port and accomplished a perfect docking. Well done for a cosmonaut who makes his first spaceflight. He certainly deserves the so called 'manual docking bonus'.

    During the pass in the next orbit (71335, 1218-1229 UTC) the crew prepared the TV-report of the opening of the hatches and the meeting of the 2 crews. It could be derived from the given communication commands that the images of that event would be transmitted on a UHF-channel and via Russian tracking stations, so not via Altair-2. Just before the complex disappeared behind my eastern horizon the crews got permission to open the hatches and to greet each other. This time the Russians refrained from the normal routine to have the first human contact between the 2 commanders due to the presence of the VIP Baturin. He got the honour to be the first crew member to float from Soyuz-TM28 into Mir and embrace his CIS-countryman, Musabayev. This took place at 1230 UTC.

    From that moment on the crew of the Mir-space station consists of 5 persons and this will undoubtedly draw a heavy toil on the life support systems of the complex. Technically the situation on board was not 100% before the docking: the power supply is not fully restored and the station seems to fly in the free drift (they spoke about 'indikatornyy rezhim', but whether the gyrodynes are fully spinning or not has not been confirmed) and Musabayev got orders to economise power consumption and to switch off all superfluous equipment.

    Until his departure Musabayev will remain commander of both crews. During all communication sessions on 15.08.1998 it was clear that Musabayev acquits himself of that task. Meanwhile Budarin occupied himself with radio-amateurism on 145.985 mc. He tried to get in touch with Russian radio-amateurs.

    During the last pass in which Mir was able to communicate via a Russian tracking station with TsUP (orb. 71339, 1704-1715 UTC) Musabayev called in vain and he decided to give his message blindly (hoping that TsUP would hear him anyway). He reported that they had reinstalled Baturin's seat liner (from Soyuz-TM28 to Soyuz-TM27). The BKV-3 (a.c.) worked after he had tried to switch it on 3 times. The humidity was quoted as 11.3, the gas composition in the station as: CO2 4.5 , oxygen 203 and water 11.2. Pressure 797 MM.

    Communications during flight Soyuz-TM28:

    13.08.1998: After the launch the signals of the Soyuz-TM28 could be monitored here for the first time between 1415-1420 UTC. A very stable Padalka reported the results of the 1st and 2nd impulses: 1st 1384 during 32 seconds, 2nd 696 for 16 seconds. The SIRT (system for the measurement of the fuel consumption) gave after the 1st impulse 745 KG, after the 2nd one 728 KG (remaining fuel). During the following passes he reported that all went well, they were in a good mood and health and all systems worked nominally. There were only problems with a recording experiment. The device of that experiment did not give the right figures. Baturin had been shooting video images. Good signals in the 166 and 165 mc bands and on 922.755 mc.

    During the pass between 1547 and 1552 UTC again good signals on all frequencies. TCA (dip in 922.755 mc signal) was at 154915 UTC. Padalka still very stable reported the good functioning of all systems. They had done something with the orientation in relation to the power supply and they got a good power reading between 25 and 26. The TV-test they had done was positive. They felt well and enjoyed the flight.

    14.08.1998: Good signals on all frequencies and Padalka again sounded like a skilled cosmonaut. All parameters were normal and the only problem was a recording device about which Padalka long and extensively reported.

    Soyuz-TM27: The return flight of the crew of the 25th Main Expedition to Mir (Musabayev and Budarin) and the cosmonaut-researcher-politician Baturin is scheduled for 25.08.1998. The Soyuz-TM27 will undock from Mir at 0220 UTC descend was announced as 0526 UTC.

    26th Main Expedition to Mir: The crew of this ME is Padalka and Avdeyev. According to information now available (confirmed by a reliable source) this crew will remain on board Mir until June 1999. So if there will be no changes anymore the 26th ME is the last one to Mir.

    Mir-routine:

    In the period after MirNEWS.432 a number of technical problems emerged. Radio communications revealed that the complex had been flying in free drift (indikatornyy rezhim), which caused a sharp decrease in power supply on 11.08.1998. That day all superfluous systems had to be switched off and for a while only 2 lamps were burning: one in the Base Block and one near the P.Kh.O. (transition section). There were also airseal problems. Musabayev had to check a rubber bearing of a hatch with his fingers. To secure a good atmosphere on board the crew used oxygen from a tank in the Progress-M39. The crew also repeatedly tested the Kurs antenna on Kvant-1 and they had to change cable connections of this system. Not long before the launch of Soyuz-TM28 they had to repeat such a test which seemed to have been positive.

    On 12.08.1998 Musabayev launched a long tirade in which he relieved his feelings. He has great problems with the activities of journalists who, in his opinion, are not really interested in the cosmonauts as such. Only when something goes wrong they are on it like a bird and then they blame the crew for that. He characterises a lot of their publications as nonsense and even swinishness. He emphasises that this expedition, the 25th, was a very fruitful one. While the Mir-station is operational for 12.5 years their expedition performed 50% of all melting experiments in the furnaces, for instance almost all what had to be done with the Optizon furnace. They accomplished experiments which could not be done by previous expeditions. In the 190 days of their mission they were not able to work according the formular 23 for 2 days and for this the crew was even not to blame. They also solved a lot of technical problems and he refers to the repair of the SUD (attitude control system) on the eve of the arrival of a Shuttle.

    The fact that life on board Mir is still possible is thanks to their work for they installed the new VDU (external thruster). They did a lot of cardio vascular experiments, which still had to be executed.

    My personal opinion about this argumentation is the following: I do not want to compare this expedition with other ones. But I agree with Musabayev: he was in command of a magnificent expedition.

    First day with 2 crews on board:

    On 16.08.1998 during the first pass Padalka asked TsUP whether they had seen something in the Telemetry and he supposed that they wished to speak to them. TsUP confirmed this and ordered Padalka to switch over to the 2nd regime for this conversation. From this moment on monitoring had no sense due the computerised scrambling of the speech. For a very long time, I dare to say for years, they had not used this routine.

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202.


1999 August 16 - .
  • Mir News 466: Soyuz-TM29 - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Mir EO-27; Mir EO-26/-27. The return of the crew of the 27th Mir Main Expedition is still scheduled to take place in the night from 27 to 28.08.1999.

    The Soyuz-TM29 will separate from the Mir-complex on 27.08.1999 at 2112 UTC.

    The estimated landing time is on 28.08.1999 at 0030 UTC.

    (Due to the difference in local times in Russia, the operation will take place on 28.08.99 in that country.) Indications imminent return flight: During radio-communications, the main part of the subjects is related to all that what has to be done to prepare the definitive closure of the hatches between Mir and Soyuz-TM29.

    Nevertheless the cosmonauts regularly still mention experiments on which they are working or which have to be concluded.

    On 30.07.99 Avdeyev got an answer on a question about the definitive closure of the module Priroda. This is scheduled for 23.08.1999 with the last possible option on 25.08.1999. Avdeyev had to know this for a lot of equipment has to be stowed in that module during the unmanned status of the station. Avdeyev asked TsUP what they should do in case one of the units in Priroda had to be switched back on. TsUP said they had this matter under control.

    The crew is very active to prepare their bodies for the gravity conditions after return, by intensive physical exercises and working with the Chibis pressure suit.

    On 13.08.99 Afanasyev and Avdeyev had a long conversation with ex-cosmonaut and RKK Energiya training chief, Aleksandr Pavlovich Aleksandrov, in which they exchanged congratulations for an anniversary.

    Aleksandrov had tried to gather a great number of RKK's employees to be present during this conversation, but most of them had left for their dacha's or other nice places, while others attended a meeting at NASA about the ISS. Possibly the anniversary was the 43rd one of RKK Energiya, originally founded as OKB-1 on 14.08.1956. One of the subjects during this conversation was the place where Afanasyev and Avdeyev would be during their rehabilitation period. They will undergo this rehabilitation in different places: Avdeyev in Kislovodsk, Afanasyev at the Black sea beach.

    Solar eclipse on 11.08.1999. That day the Mir-station crossed the shadow of the total eclipse 2 times. The first time this was in orbit 77011 (at about 1000 UTC) and in orbit 77012 (the second at about 1145 UTC). Between 1010 and 1021 UTC, when a partial eclipse could be observed over here in the Netherlands, Afanasyev was reporting his observations. Just after AOS (Acquisition of Signal), he told TsUP that was continuing his camera work. While he saw the horizon, he could see the shadow of the eclipse moving over the earth in the direction of that horizon. He met with some problems due to a structure blocking his sight. Sometimes he changed the position of his video camera. Avdeyev added to these reports that he saw Europe under the shadow. Afanasyev went to a window in the Base Block to make better images.

    At 1020 UTC Mir started to send the recorded images to earth via a UHF-channel.

    Afanasyev and Avdeyev did not see the sun itself during the eclipse through their windows. Haignere had more luck and could see the eclipse itself, as well as the shadow. During the pass in orb. 77012 at 1147 UTC he enthusiastically reported his observations.

    Perseids: I did not hear anything about eventual observations by the Mir crew of this yearly meteorite stream.

    Chris van den Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202


2001 August 16 - . 13:56 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-105-1 - . Crew: Barry; Forrester. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.26 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Forrester. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-105. The spacewalk was made from the external airlock on Discovery. The astronauts transferred the Early Ammonia Servicer (EAS) device from the ICC carrier in the payload bay to the P6 truss on the station. Then they took two MISSE materials exposure experiment boxes from the ICC and attached them to the outside of the Quest airlock.

2002 August 16 - . 09:25 GMT - .
  • EVA ISS EO-5-1 - . Crew: Korzun; Whitson. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.20 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Korzun; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5. The astronauts used Russian spacesuits Orlan-M No. 14 and 23 and exited from the Pirs airlock of the ISS. The first attempt was called off after 23 minutes of depressurised airlock time because of a misconfigured oxygen valve in a spacesuit. The EVA officially shortly after 0906 when the hatch was opened. The astronauts attached six debris protection shields to the outside of the Zvezda module. Due to the late start some planned tasks were deferred.

2003 August 16 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF23. Launch Pad: LF23?. Launch Vehicle: OBV. LV Configuration: OBV 2.
  • BV-6 Missile Defense Interceptor Booster test. - . Nation: USA. Agency: OSC. Apogee: 1,874 km (1,164 mi). The Orbital Sciences Corperation booster was successfully tested with a mock EKV after a one-day launch delay. Shock and vibration environments were measured and compared to previous test levels. Preliminary analyses suggest that the new booster produced lower than expected vibrations at the EKV.

2010 August 16 - .
  • EVA ISS EO-24-4 - . Crew: Wheelock; Caldwell. EVA Type: Extravehicular activity. EVA Duration: 0.31 days. Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-24; ISS EO-23. Summary: Completed installation of replacement ammonia pump of the station cooling system on the S1 truss..

Home - Browse - Contact
© / Conditions for Use