Encyclopedia Astronautica
August 17


August 17 Chronology


1877 August 17 - .
  • Asaph Hall's Discovery of Phobos (Mars Moon) - . Nation: USA.

1933 August 17 - . Launch Vehicle: GIRD-09.
  • First Russian hybrid rocket launch. - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 0.40 km (0.25 mi). Summary: Russian hybrid propellant rocket, designed by M. K. Tikhonravov, successfully flown. Reached 400 m; design altitude of 5000 m not reached due to loss of pressure integrity of the motor flank..

1937 August 17 - .
1943 August 17 - .
  • Death of Walter Thiel - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Thiel, Walter. Summary: German engineer, talented designer at Peenemuende, in charge of development of the engine for the V-2. Killed in the air raid in August 1943, a setback to the project..

1943 August 17 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Peenemünde attacked by RAF. - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: von Braun; Reitsch; Thiel, Walter. The Royal Air Force attacked Germany's Peenemünde Rocket Research Center, causing heavy damage and delaying V-weapon program by months.

    With the V-2 development program already in crisis, the Allies launch a massive bombing raid against Peenemuende. On that evening test pilot Hanna Reitsch was visiting the launch site. At 23:30 the air raid siren sounded. 600 British bombers drop 1500 tonnes of ordnance on the launch centre. However many bombs fell in the ocean around the peninsula, or buried themselves harmlessly in sand dunes. The resident area was hardest hit, while the Luftwaffe station at Peenemuende West was not touched. 47 British bombers were shot down - they were told before the raid that this was the most important mission of the war, and that their commanders would accept a 50% loss rate. 735 people were killed in the raid on the ground, including 178 of the 4000 inhabitants of the residential area. A large number of the foreign slave workers in the Trassenheide concentration camp barracks were also killed.

    After the tremendous raid the rocket team wander around the devastated facility, half-clothed, the buildings bathed in a weird light and everything covered in fine sand, as if flour was dropped over everything. Thiel and Walther - the two leading rocket engineers in Germany - were killed in the raid, and virtually all major facilities were damaged. The saving grace was that the soft sand of Peenemuende attenuated the blast of many bombs. Nine bombs hit the main assembly hall, but while there was splinter damage to some of the machine tools, there was no decisive hit that would prevent production from continuing. It was estimated that operations could resume in 4 to 6 weeks.

    The raid was not unexpected. The high altitude contrails of the V-2 test launches were called 'frozen lightning' and could be seen from Sweden on clear days. The location and purpose of Peenemuende appeared in a crossword puzzle in a illustrated magazine published in central Germany in early 1943. British reconnaissance flights to locate the launch facilities had been recognised for what they were.

    This raid, together with the bombing of V-2 production lines at the Zeppelinwerke in Friedrichshafen and the Raxwerke in Wiener Neustadt convinced Saur to reduce the V-2 production rate goal to 900 per month.


1944 August 17 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 V-224.
1948 August 17 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 21R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 August 17 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-10 A18.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi). Summary: Composition research. Launched at 0845 local time. Reached 101.4 km..

1951 August 17 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • E15 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 August 17 - .
1952 August 17 - .
  • Birth of Thomas John 'Tom' Hennen - . Nation: USA. Summary: American photointerpreter payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-44. US Army.

1953 August 17 - .
1953 August 17 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Honest John. LV Configuration: Honest John 68M.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 August 17 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 2564T.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 August 17 - . Launch Site: China Lake. Launch Complex: China Lake G-2. LV Family: Project Pilot. Launch Vehicle: Project Pilot. LV Configuration: Project Pilot-1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1958 August 17 - . 12:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Able I. LV Configuration: Thor Able I 127. FAILURE: Thor exploded after 77 sec.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Pioneer (1) - . Payload: Pioneer / Able 1. Mass: 38 kg (83 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: Pioneer. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Pioneer 0-1-2. Decay Date: 1958-08-17 . COSPAR: F580817B. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi). Summary: First US lunar attempt. The first US Air Force lunar probe, using a Thor-Able booster. An explosion ripped it apart 77 seconds after launch..

1959 August 17 - . 09:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NASA 03.13CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 236 km (146 mi). Summary: NIKE-ASP sounding rocket provided geophysical information on wind activity between 80 and 300 km high was launched successfully from NASA Wallops Station..

1960 August 17 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 1. LV Configuration: Jaguar 1 G1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 August 17 - . 10:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.427.
  • Firefly SUSAN Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1961 August 17 - . 14:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Blue Scout Jr. LV Configuration: Blue Scout Jr O-1.
  • HETS Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Apogee: 225,000 km (139,000 mi).

1962 August 17 - .
  • Carl Sagan warned scientists of need for sterilization of lunar spacecraft - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Carl Sagan, University of California astronomer, warned scientists at a lunar exploration conference, Blacksburg, Va., of the need for sterilization of lunar spacecraft and decontamination of Apollo crewmen, pointing out that Lunik II and Ranger IV probably had deposited terrestrial microorganisms on the moon. Even more serious, he said, was the possibility that lunar microorganisms might be brought to earth where they could multiply explosively.

1963 August 17 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 611. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1963 August 17 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 611. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1963 August 17 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 611. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1963 August 17 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 611. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1963 August 17 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 611. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1963 August 17 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 611. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1964 August 17 - .
  • Apollo X spacecraft to be used in Earth orbit for extended duration biomedical and scientific flights. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Apollo X. MSC's Spacecraft Integration Branch proposed an Apollo 'X' spacecraft to be used in Earth orbit for biomedical and scientific missions of extended duration. The spacecraft would consist of the lunar Apollo spacecraft and its systems, with minimum modifications consisting- of redundancies and spares. The concept provided for a first-phase mission which would consider the Apollo 'X' a two-man Earth-orbiting laboratory for a period of 14 to 45 days. The spacecraft would be boosted into a 370-km orbit by a Saturn IB launch vehicle. Additional Details: Apollo X spacecraft to be used in Earth orbit for extended duration biomedical and scientific flights..

1964 August 17 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF05. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1A 556.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1964 August 17 - . 00:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.58DA.
  • K64-S-4 Air sampling Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1964 August 17 - . 00:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.141GA.
  • K64-G-4 Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1964 August 17 - . 12:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.116GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1965 August 17 - . 00:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Pameungpeuk. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8. LV Configuration: Kappa 8 K-8(L).
  • SK-8-3 (Grenades) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 August 17 - . 20:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena D SLV-2A/D. LV Configuration: Thor SLV-2A Agena D 449 / Agena D SS-01B 1618.
  • KH-4A 1023 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1023 / Agena D 1618 / OPS 7208. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; CIA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1965-10-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 1513 . COSPAR: 1965-067A. Apogee: 399 km (247 mi). Perigee: 179 km (111 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Summary: KH-4A. Program anomaly caused the fore camera to cease operation during revolutions 103-132..

1966 August 17 - . 03:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB ALF-VB-08.
1966 August 17 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta E1. LV Configuration: Thor Delta E1 462/D40.
  • Pioneer 7 - . Payload: Pioneer B. Mass: 63 kg (138 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Ames. Program: Pioneer. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: Pioneer 6-7-8-9-E. USAF Sat Cat: 2398 . COSPAR: 1966-075A. Apogee: 993 km (617 mi). Perigee: 246 km (152 mi). Inclination: 33.0000 deg. Period: 97.20 min. Summary: Monitored solar wind, cosmic rays. SOLAR ORB. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B)..

1966 August 17 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Dart. LV Configuration: Boosted Dart EXAMETNET 8.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 194 km (120 mi).

1966 August 17 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 350. LV Configuration: Aerobee 350 NASA 17.02GT-GI-GS.
  • Test / ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 358 km (222 mi).

1967 August 17 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC32B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2. LV Configuration: Minuteman 2 466.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1968 August 17 - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Webb approves Apollo 8 lunar orbit mission for December - but no public announcement until after a successful Apollo 7 flight. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Webb; Low, George. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 7; Apollo 8; Apollo 9. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. Phillips and Hage visited MSC, bringing the news that Webb had given clear-cut authority to prepare for a December 6 launch, but that they could not proceed with clearance for lunar orbit until after the Apollo 7 flight, which would be an earth-orbital mission with basic objectives of proving the CSM and Saturn V systems. Phillips said that Webb had been "shocked and fairly negative" when he talked to him about the plan on August 15. Subsequently, Paine and Phillips sent Webb a lengthy discourse on why the mission should be changed, and it was felt he would change his mind with a successful Apollo 7 mission.

1969 August 17 - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M. LV Family: Mu. Launch Vehicle: Mu-3D. LV Configuration: Mu-3D M-3D-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1970 August 17 - . 05:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Venera 7 - . Payload: 3V (V-70) s/n 630. Mass: 1,180 kg (2,600 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Venera. Class: Venus. Type: Venus probe. Spacecraft: Venera 3V (V-70). Decay Date: 1970-12-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 4489 . COSPAR: 1970-060A. Venera 7 was launched from an earth parking orbit towards Venus to study the Venusian atmosphere and other phenomena of the planet. Venera 7 entered the atmosphere of Venus on December 15, 1970, and a landing capsule was jettisoned. After aerodynamic braking, a parachute system was deployed. The capsule antenna was extended, and signals were returned for 35 min. Another 23 min of very weak signals were received after the spacecraft landed on Venus. The capsule was the first man-made object to return data after landing on another planet.

1970 August 17 - . 16:16 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 627. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon. LV Configuration: Poseidon C3P-2.
  • PEM-2 operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971 August 17 - . 21:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1972 August 17 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein Meck. Launch Vehicle: Sprint. LV Configuration: Sprint ABM FLA-70. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Safeguard M2-42 Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1972 August 17 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure ISRO 5.16.
  • ISRO 5.16 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1973 August 17 - .
  • X-24 Flight 30 - . Crew: Manke. Payload: X-24B flight 2. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Manke. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: X-24B. Summary: Maximum Speed - 722 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13720 m. Flight Time - 267 sec..

1973 August 17 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC162/36. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67PM.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 August 17 - . 04:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC10W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Burner 2A. LV Configuration: Thor Burner 2A 291.
  • DMSP-Block-5B F4 - . Payload: DMSP 7529 / OPS 8364. Mass: 195 kg (429 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DMSP. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: DMSP Block 5B. USAF Sat Cat: 6787 . COSPAR: 1973-054A. Apogee: 819 km (508 mi). Perigee: 779 km (484 mi). Inclination: 98.9000 deg. Period: 100.90 min. Summary: Defense Meteorological Satellite Program..

1974 August 17 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT45GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1974 August 17 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Ute Tomahawk CRL A09.214-2.
  • Vehicle Potential test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1975 August 17 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima T. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: TT-210. LV Configuration: TT-210 TT-210-1F.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1976 August 17 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210-11.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1977 August 17 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.182GA. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1978 August 17 - . 20:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM. LV Configuration: Proton-K/DM 297-02. FAILURE: Stage 1 - vehicle failed at launch.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Ekran s/n 15L - . Payload: Ekran s/n 15L. Mass: 1,970 kg (4,340 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Ekran. COSPAR: F780817A.

1979 August 17 - . 07:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1122 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-08-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 11491 . COSPAR: 1979-075A. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi). Perigee: 208 km (129 mi). Inclination: 81.3000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. Zenit-2M area survey photo reconnaissance satellite used for earth resources studies as part of 'Gektor-Priroda' project. Nauka subsatellite 31KS jettisoned into independent orbit in the course of the mission. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.
  • Cosmos 1122 Nauka - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Nauka. COSPAR: 1979-075xx.

1979 August 17 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.11AS.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1981 August 17 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Primrose Lake. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1982 August 17 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1983 August 17 - . 12:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. LV Configuration: Soyuz 11A511U Ts15000-302.
  • Progress 17 - . Payload: Progress s/n 119. Mass: 7,020 kg (15,470 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 7. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Salyut 7 EO-2. Spacecraft: Progress. Duration: 31.48 days. Completed Operations Date: 1983-09-17 23:42:37 . Decay Date: 1983-09-17 23:42:37 . USAF Sat Cat: 14283 . COSPAR: 1983-085A. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi). Perigee: 189 km (117 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. Summary: Unmanned supply vessel to Salyut 7. Docked with Salyut 7 on 19 Aug 1983 13:47:00 GMT. Undocked on 17 Sep 1983 11:44:00 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 17 Sep 1983 23:43:00 GMT. Total free-flight time 2.57 days. Total docked time 28.91 days..

1984 August 17 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1986 August 17 - . 11:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: VOKV. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1987 August 17 - . 17:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1988 August 17 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1989 August 17 - .
  • Japanese Commercial Cosmonaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: Japan. Related Persons: Akiyama; Kikuchi. Summary: Japanese journalists trained for a commercial flight to the Mir space station..

1990 August 17 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M2 15A18M.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1991 August 17 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1993 August 17 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.105GS.
  • SERTS-93 (05) Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 312 km (193 mi).

1994 August 17 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper. LV Configuration: Viper Sphere.
  • GUARA MET Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1996 August 17 - . 01:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima Y. LV Family: H-2. Launch Vehicle: H-II. LV Configuration: H-II H-II-4F.
  • ADEOS - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft: ADEOS. USAF Sat Cat: 24277 . COSPAR: 1996-046A. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Perigee: 799 km (496 mi). Inclination: 98.6000 deg. Period: 100.90 min.
  • JAS-2 - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JARL. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Fuji. USAF Sat Cat: 24278 . COSPAR: 1996-046B. Apogee: 1,323 km (822 mi). Perigee: 801 km (497 mi). Inclination: 98.6000 deg. Period: 106.50 min. Summary: Japanese amateur radio satellite..

1996 August 17 - . 13:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Soyuz TM-24 - . Call Sign: Fregat (Frigate ). Crew: Andre-Deshays; Kaleri; Korzun. Backup Crew: Eyharts; Lazutkin; Tsibliyev. Payload: Soyuz TM 11F732 s/n 73. Mass: 7,150 kg (15,760 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Andre-Deshays; Kaleri; Korzun; Eyharts; Lazutkin; Tsibliyev. Agency: RAKA. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Mir EO-22; Mir Cassiopee; Mir NASA-1; Mir EO-21. Spacecraft: Soyuz TM. Duration: 196.73 days. Decay Date: 1997-03-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 24280 . COSPAR: 1996-047A. Apogee: 394 km (244 mi). Perigee: 378 km (234 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Mir Expedition EO-22. Valeriy Korzun and Aleksandr Kaleri of the Russian Space Agency (RKA) Claudie Andre-Deshays of the French space agency CNES. This launch was the first of the Soyuz-U booster with a crew aboard following two launch failures of on unmanned flights. Soyuz docked with Mir's front port at 14:50:21 GMT on August 19; Mir was in a 375 x 390 km x 51.6 deg orbit.

    On Feb 7 at 16:28:01 GMT the EO-22 crew and American astronaut Linenger undocked the Soyuz TM-24 ferry from the front docking port, flew it around to the far side of the complex and redocked at the rear Kvant port at 16:51:27 GMT. This cleared the forward port for the arrival of the EO-23 crew, who brought with them German astronaut Reinhold Ewald on Feb 12.


1997 August 17 - .
  • Mir News 378: Progress-M35 - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Mir NASA-4; Mir EO-24. The redocking of this 'old' supply ship at the Mir complex did not take place on 17.08. During the first 3 passes of both objects it was obvious that Progress-M35 was continuing her autonomous flight. During the second pass the deputy head of mission control, Viktor Blagov, told the crew about changes in the work schedule for the next 2 days. The IVA would remain on schedule for 20.08.97.

    Reason postponement: The data for the approach of Progress-M35 today transmitted by TsUP to the Progress-M35 turned out to be wrong and Progress-M35's OBC shut itself off. At deadline for this report the docking of Progress-M35 at Mir was (still) planned for 18.08 at 1257 UTC.

    Soyuz-TM26: The redocking of this transport ship from the aft to the forward docking port took place on 15.08.97 between 13.29.20 and 14.13.04 UTC. At 1327 UTC, so just before separation, radio traffic from Soyuz-TM26 via Altair-2 could be heard. The safety clamps of the docking mechanism had been loosened and the program was proceeding according to plan. At 13.29.20 UTC Solovyov reported the separation and the fact that Soyuz-TM26 was slowly moving away from Mir. S. steered Soyuz-TM26 in the manual mode to be able to adjust the attitude of the ship in such a way that Vinogradov and Foale could make good images of the 'damage areas'.

    At 13.29.51 UTC Altair-2 transmitted an image of the whole complex seen by a camera of the ship. At 13.35.59 UTC S. reported the proceedings of the flight. He asked Foale whether he already was doing his photo- and video work and asked him for instructions to adjust the ship's attitude for the best images. Communications via Altair-2 ceased at 13.42.58 UTC, but a few minutes later S. could be heard via 121.750 mc (1401-1409 UTC). 4 minutes later S. accomplished a perfect docking at the forward (P.Kh.O. - transition section) port of the complex.

    Back on board Mir S. told TsUP that the images they had made were very good and certainly useful for analyses. In a conversation with Earth Foale told that they intended to transmit these images to TsUP on 18.08 and he was sure that TV stations all over the world would retransmit these. (The TV shots which already had been shown by TV stations came from short direct links with Russian tracking stations.)

    Elektron: Already on the day of the return of the relieved crew Vinogradov succeeded in restoring the Elektron oxygen generator in Kvant-1. It was very difficult to reach the spot where he had to clean Elektron. A white-brown jelly-like substance had stopped up a pipe inside Elektron and had to be cleaned. After purging this pipe he was able to restart Elektron and after 1 orbit Solovyov reported that Elektron was working normally. As far as could be derived from radio traffic Elektron still does thus far.

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202.


1999 August 17 - . 04:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. Launch Pad: SLC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7420-XC. LV Configuration: Delta 7420-10C D274.
  • Globalstar 24 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25883 . COSPAR: 1999-043A. Apogee: 2,113 km (1,312 mi). Perigee: 2,108 km (1,309 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 129.70 min.
  • Globalstar 53 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25885 . COSPAR: 1999-043C. Apogee: 1,970 km (1,220 mi). Perigee: 1,961 km (1,218 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 126.40 min.
  • Globalstar 54 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25886 . COSPAR: 1999-043D. Apogee: 2,024 km (1,257 mi). Perigee: 2,021 km (1,255 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 127.70 min.
  • Globalstar 27 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25884 . COSPAR: 1999-043B. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.

2000 August 17 - .
  • Death of Robert R Gilruth - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gilruth. Summary: American engineer, at NASA 1937-1952. Head of Mercury, 1959-1962, Director, Houston, 1962-1972. Under his leadership Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo were designed and flown, America won the moon race, and the shuttle was designed..

2000 August 17 - . 23:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP. LV Configuration: Ariane 44LP-3 V131.
  • Brasilsat B-4 - . Mass: 1,757 kg (3,873 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: Embratel. Manufacturer: El Segundo. Program: Brasilsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 376W. USAF Sat Cat: 26469 . COSPAR: 2000-046A. Apogee: 35,799 km (22,244 mi). Perigee: 35,776 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Brasilsat B4 was a C-band geosynchronous communications satellite, replacing the 15-year-old Brasilsat A2 for the Brazilian communications company Embratel. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 75 deg W in 2000. As of 2 September 2001 located at 92.03 deg W drifting at 0.011 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 70.08W drifting at 0.020W degrees per day.
  • Nilesat 102 - . Mass: 1,827 kg (4,027 lb). Nation: Egypt. Agency: Nilesat. Manufacturer: Toulouse. Program: Nilesat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 2000. USAF Sat Cat: 26470 . COSPAR: 2000-046B. Apogee: 35,797 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,775 km (22,229 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Geosynchronous communications satellite of the Egyptian company Nilesat SA. The satellite joined Nilesat 101 in providing Ku-band broadcast services. Stationed at 7 deg W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 7 deg W in 2000. As of 2 September 2001 located at 6.98 deg W drifting at 0.002 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 6.97W drifting at 0.004W degrees per day.

2000 August 17 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 403B. LV Configuration: Titan 403B 4B-28 / K-25.
  • USA 152 - . Payload: Onyx F1. Mass: 14,500 kg (31,900 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO. Manufacturer: Martin. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: Lacrosse. USAF Sat Cat: 26473 . COSPAR: 2000-047A. Apogee: 695 km (432 mi). Perigee: 689 km (428 mi). Inclination: 67.9970 deg. Period: 98.53 min. The National Reconnaissance Office satellite was reported to be an Onyx (formerly Lacrosse) radar imaging spacecraft built by Lockheed Martin. The Titan second stage reached a 572 x 675 km x 68.0 deg orbit and separated from the payload. Amateur observers reported the payload has made two small maneuvers and by Aug 23 was in a 681 x 695 km x 68.1 deg orbit.

2001 August 17 - .
2005 August 17 - . 07:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-84. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva. LV Configuration: Sineva VMF RF.
  • RSM-54 test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2009 August 17 - . 10:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. Launch Pad: SLC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925.
  • USA 206 - . Payload: GPS 50. Nation: USA. Agency: Martin. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2R. USAF Sat Cat: 35752 . COSPAR: 2009-043A. Apogee: 20,228 km (12,569 mi). Perigee: 20,138 km (12,513 mi). Inclination: 54.9000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. Summary: Last launch from LC17A. Final Block IIR-M Global Positioning System satellite..

2009 August 17 - . 11:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • IRVE Support - . Mass: 90 kg (198 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Langley. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite.

2009 August 17 - . 12:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9.
  • NASA 36.254NR - . Mass: 210 kg (460 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Summary: Reentry test.

2011 August 17 - . 07:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Complex: Taiyuan LC2. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-4B.
  • EDUSAT - . Mass: 10 kg (22 lb). Nation: Italy. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 37788 . COSPAR: 2011-044A. Apogee: 698 km (433 mi). Perigee: 639 km (397 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.10 min. Summary: Technology satellite built by the Universita di Roma la Sapienza..
  • Nigeriasat 2 - . Mass: 268 kg (590 lb). Nation: Nigeria. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: SSTL-300. USAF Sat Cat: 37789 . COSPAR: 2011-044B. Apogee: 718 km (446 mi). Perigee: 693 km (430 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.90 min. Summary: Observation satellite with a 2.5-m resolution imager for Nigeria's National Space Research Development Agency..
  • Nigeriasat X - . Mass: 86 kg (189 lb). Nation: Nigeria. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: SSTL-100. USAF Sat Cat: 37790 . COSPAR: 2011-044C. Apogee: 699 km (434 mi). Perigee: 656 km (407 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.30 min. Summary: Technology demonstration satellite built by Surrey Satellite with participation by Nigerian engineers..
  • RASAT - . Mass: 95 kg (209 lb). Nation: Turkey. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 37791 . COSPAR: 2011-044D. Apogee: 699 km (434 mi). Perigee: 666 km (413 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.40 min. Summary: Turkish Earth observation satellite with a Korean-built imager, built for TUBITAK, the Turkish science research council and UZAY, the Space Technology Research Insitute in Ankara..
  • Aprizesat 5 - . Mass: 14 kg (30 lb). Nation: USA. Program: AIS. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Aprizesat. USAF Sat Cat: 37792 . COSPAR: 2011-044E. Apogee: 697 km (433 mi). Perigee: 610 km (370 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 97.80 min. Aprizesat 5 and 6 were built by SpaceQuest for exactEarth Ltd. Equipped with AIS (maritime Automatic Identification System) payloads for ship location tracking. The exactEarth system also included the SpaceQuest AprizeSat 3 and 4, and a payload attached to ISRO's ResourceSat-2 satellite.
  • Aprizesat 6 - . Mass: 14 kg (30 lb). Nation: USA. Program: AIS. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Aprizesat. USAF Sat Cat: 37793 . COSPAR: 2011-044F. Apogee: 698 km (433 mi). Perigee: 627 km (389 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 98.00 min.
  • Sich 2 - . Mass: 175 kg (385 lb). Nation: Ukraine. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 37794 . COSPAR: 2011-044G. Apogee: 703 km (436 mi). Perigee: 684 km (425 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.60 min. Summary: Ukrainian remote sensing satellite built by the Yuzhnoye..
  • BPA-2/SL-24 - . Nation: Russia. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 37795 . COSPAR: 2011-044H. Apogee: 1,296 km (805 mi). Perigee: 692 km (429 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Yuzhnoye launch vehicle engineering payload which remained attached to the post-boost maneuvering upper stage after deployment of the other six satellites on the launch. 16 minutes after launch, at an altitude of 700 km, the upper stage dispensed the six satellites at two-minute intervals, then maneuvered into itself into a higher orbit.

2011 August 17 - . 21:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton/Briz M. LV Configuration: Proton-M/Briz-M. FAILURE: Cause was a timing error in the inertial platform, leading to incorrect orientiation of the stage during the later burns.. Failed Stage: 4.
  • Ekspress AM-4 - . Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Ekspress. USAF Sat Cat: 37798 . COSPAR: 2011-045A. Apogee: 20,389 km (12,669 mi). Perigee: 674 km (418 mi). Inclination: 51.1000 deg. Period: 364.70 min. Communications satellite delivered to an incorrect orbit when the Briz-M upper stage malfunctioned. The first two Briz-M burns, to a 173 km x 173 km, and then to a 270 km x 4998 km orbit, were successful. The third burn, at 00:52 GMT on 18 August, seemed to have gone wrong, with early separation of the wrap-around DTB propellant tank. A fourth burn left the payload stranded in a 694 km x 20242 km orbit. Cause was a timing error in the inertial platform, leading to incorrect orientiation of the stage during the later burns.

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