Encyclopedia Astronautica
August 18


August 18 Chronology


1908 August 18 - .
  • Birth of Frol Romanovich Kozlov - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Russian politician. Secretary of Central Committee for defence and space 1960-1963..

1909 August 18 - .
  • Birth of Arthur B Bronwell - . Nation: USA. Summary: American electrical engineer, professor at Northwestern University, then president of the Worcester Polytechnic Institute from 1955-1962, then the dean of engineering at the University of Connecticut at Storrs..

1938 August 18 - .
1944 August 18 - . 19:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. LV Configuration: A-4 18349.
1946 August 18 - .
  • Birth of Valeri Aleksandrovich Romanov - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1978-1987. Graduated from Bauman-Higher School, Moscow, 1970 Civilian Engineer, Chelomei OKB. Worked with NPO Salyut..

1950 August 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Deacon.
  • D4 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 August 18 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Honest John. LV Configuration: Honest John 213.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 August 18 - .
  • Birth of Umberto Guidoni - . Nation: Italy. Summary: Italian physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-75, STS-100..

1954 August 18 - . 14:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC4. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone. LV Configuration: Redstone RS-4. FAILURE: Steam generator regulator malfunction caused drop in combustion pressure..
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Summary: Missile test failure. Missed aimpoint by 19,200 m..

1956 August 18 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC3. LV Family: X-17. Launch Vehicle: X-17. LV Configuration: X-17 R-4 4203-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1956 August 18 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5M. LV Configuration: R-5M M-5RD.
  • R-7 component test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Summary: The R-5RD or M5RD was flown 10 times to test subsystems for the R-7 ICBM..

1958 August 18 - .
1958 August 18 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Luna 8K72. LV Configuration: Luna 8K72 B1-3.
  • Luna launch delayed. - . Nation: USSR. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Planned August launch rescheduled after failure of American lunar probe on August 17. Inability to complete final tests of the new engines and malfunctions during pre-launch preparations indicated a lot of work had to be done on the new launch vehicle before the first launch could be attempted.

1959 August 18 - .
  • First major new NASA project to be a second-generation reentry capsule - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Source Selection. At its second meeting, STG's New Projects Panel decided that the first major project to be investigated would be the second-generation reentry capsule. The Panel was presented a chart outlining the proposed sequence of events for manned lunar mission system analysis. The target date for a manned lunar landing was 1970.

1960 August 18 - . 01:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp AA8.415.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 August 18 - . 02:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.428.
  • Firefly LINDA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1960 August 18 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp AA8.416.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 August 18 - . 19:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena A. LV Configuration: Thor Agena A 237 / Agena A 1056.
  • Discoverer 14 - . Payload: KH-1 9009 / Agena A 1056. Mass: 850 kg (1,870 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-1. Decay Date: 1960-09-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 54 . COSPAR: 1960-Kappa-1. Apogee: 803 km (498 mi). Perigee: 177 km (109 mi). Inclination: 79.6000 deg. Period: 94.40 min. Summary: KH-1; film capsule recovered 1.2 days later; 1st successful photosurveillance mission. First successful mission. Cameras operated satisfactorily..

1960 August 18 - . 19:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Able-Star. LV Configuration: Thor Ablestar 262 AB004?. FAILURE: Exploded 2.5 minutes after launch.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Courier 1A - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Courier. Decay Date: 1960-08-18 . COSPAR: F600818A. Summary: Experimental communications sattelite..

1961 August 18 - . LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone MRLV.
  • Further Mercury suborbital flights cancelled. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Mercury MR-5. Spacecraft: Mercury. Summary: NASA announced that analysis of Project Mercury suborbital data indicated that all objectives of that phase of the program had been achieved, and that no further Mercury-Redstone flights were planned..

1961 August 18 - . 03:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.51CI.
  • Langmuir Probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1962 August 18 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 8 - . Payload: DS-K-8 s/n 1. Mass: 337 kg (742 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Micrometeoroid satellite. Spacecraft: DS-K-8. Completed Operations Date: 1962-08-23 . Decay Date: 1963-08-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 367 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Xi-1. Apogee: 598 km (371 mi). Perigee: 244 km (151 mi). Inclination: 49.0000 deg. Period: 92.90 min. Summary: Detected meteoroid flux in near-earth space and carried unspecified military research equipment..

1964 August 18 - . 01:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.106GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1964 August 18 - . 01:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.113GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1964 August 18 - . 06:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-4A. LV Configuration: Scout X-4A S129R.
  • Reentry 4A - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi). Summary: Scout launch tested Apollo-type ablator materials at lunar reentry heating levels..

1964 August 18 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 65S3. LV Configuration: Kosmos 65S3 02L.
  • Cosmos 38 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1964-11-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 853 . COSPAR: 1964-046A. Apogee: 766 km (475 mi). Perigee: 203 km (126 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 94.30 min.
  • Cosmos 39 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1964-11-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 854 . COSPAR: 1964-046B. Apogee: 792 km (492 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 94.60 min.
  • Cosmos 40 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1964-11-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 855 . COSPAR: 1964-046C. Apogee: 737 km (457 mi). Perigee: 206 km (128 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 94.10 min.

1965 August 18 - .
  • American surge in space - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Kamanin spends several hours reviewing new films of the American Gemini 4 flight, Apollo program, and unmanned lunar probes. He realises the scope of the American program is "colossal", and that the USA is set to quickly surpass the Soviet Union in space..

1965 August 18 - .
  • Operation Scrape to lighten the Apollo LEM - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM; LM Weight. At a third status meeting on LEM-1, Grumman put into effect "Operation Scrape," an effort to lighten that spacecraft by about 57 kg (125 lbs). "Scrape" involved an exchange of parts between LEM-1 and LTA-3. The former vehicle thus would be heavier than the latter; LTA-3, on the other hand, would have the same structural weight as LEMs 2 and forthcoming.

1965 August 18 - .
  • Soyuz development program reoriented; Soyuz 7K-OK earth orbit version to be built in lieu of Soyuz A. - . Nation: USSR. Program: Soyuz; Lunar L1. Flight: Soyuz A-1; Soyuz A-2; Soyuz A-3; Soyuz A-4; Soyuz 1; Soyuz 2A; Soyuz s/n 3/4. Spacecraft: Soyuz A; Soyuz 7K-OK; Soyuz B; Soyuz V; LK-1. Military-Industrial Commission (VPK) Decree 180 'On the Order of Work on the Soyuz Complex--approval of the schedule of work for Soyuz spacecraft' was issued. It set the following schedule for the new Soyuz 7K-OK version: two spacecraft to be completed in fourth quarter 1965, two in first quarter 1966, and three in second quarter 1966. Air-drop and sea trails of the 7K-OK spacecraft are to be completed in the third and fourth quarters 1965, and first automated docking of two unmanned Soyuz spacecraft in space in the first quarter of 1966. Korolev insists the automated docking system will be completely reliable, but Kamanin wishes that the potential of the cosmonauts to accomplish a manual rendezvous and docking had been considered in the design. With this decree the mission of the first Soyuz missions has been changed from a docking with unmanned Soyuz B and V tanker spacecraft, to docking of two Soyuz A-type spacecraft. It is also evident that although nothing is official, Korolev is confident he has killed off Chelomei's LK-1 circumlunar spacecraft, and that a Soyuz variant will be launched in its place.

1965 August 18 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF21. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2. LV Configuration: Minuteman 2 2001.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 August 18 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 1. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV. LV Configuration: Athena B011.
  • USN B011 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 August 18 - . 02:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout A. LV Configuration: Scout A S149C.
  • Transit O-10 - . Mass: 58 kg (127 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 2401 . COSPAR: 1966-076A. Apogee: 1,089 km (676 mi). Perigee: 1,038 km (644 mi). Inclination: 88.9000 deg. Period: 106.50 min. Spacecraft built by Naval Avionics Facility, but refurbished by APL. Only partially operational due to a decrease in the number of solar cells available for charging the batteries after thermal working of the solar cell interconnections in day/night cycles.

1967 August 18 - .
1967 August 18 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 2. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV. LV Configuration: Athena D055.
  • USAF D055 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1967 August 18 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 3. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV. LV Configuration: Athena E003.
  • USAF E003 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1969 August 18 - .
  • Apollo Lunar Roving Vehicle Task Team reconstituted as the Lunar Mobility Task Team - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LRV. The Lunar Roving Vehicle Task Team, which had been established at MSFC on April 7, was reconstituted as the Lunar Mobility Task Team. Its function would be to direct and coordinate MSFC efforts to conceive, design, and develop various modes of lunar transportation systems.

1970 August 18 - . 03:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K. LV Configuration: Proton-K 246-01.
  • 82-EV test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Summary: Heavily instrumented suborbital flight to provide data to root out causes of continuing launch vehicle failures. Heavy mass model of an unspecified spacecraft used to simulate payload...

1970 August 18 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 3B. LV Configuration: Titan 23B 23B-6 (3B-28).
  • OPS 7874 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 28 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1970-09-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 4492 . COSPAR: 1970-061A. Apogee: 377 km (234 mi). Perigee: 149 km (92 mi). Inclination: 111.1000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Summary: KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1971 August 18 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-31.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 330 km (200 mi).

1972 August 18 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 631. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • FOT-1 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 August 18 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 631. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • FOT-1 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 August 18 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 631. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • FOT-1 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 August 18 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 631. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • FOT-1 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 August 18 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 515 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1972-08-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 6150 . COSPAR: 1972-063A. Apogee: 309 km (192 mi). Perigee: 203 km (126 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1972 August 18 - . 10:21 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170. LV Configuration: Aerobee 170 CRL A04.004-8.
  • HISTAR 6 Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1974 August 18 - . 08:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ferdinand 36 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1975 August 18 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. Launch Vehicle: Aries. LV Configuration: Aries NASA 12.26GT-IT.
  • IMS Prototype test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 417 km (259 mi).

1976 August 18 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 849 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 17. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1977-06-30 . Decay Date: 1978-04-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 9382 . COSPAR: 1976-083A. Apogee: 865 km (537 mi). Perigee: 264 km (164 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 96.00 min. Summary: Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1976 August 18 - . 16:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1976 August 18 - . 20:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1977 August 18 - . 19:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25C. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4. LV Configuration: Trident C-4 C4X-10.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 August 18 - . 23:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.1009UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 267 km (165 mi).

1978 August 18 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1979 August 18 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-67.
  • TED / TPI / NEL / PWN Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 365 km (226 mi).

1980 August 18 - . 09:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. Launch Vehicle: Aries. LV Configuration: Aries GL A24.6S1-01.
  • ZIP I (BMP) Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 401 km (249 mi).

1981 August 18 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1297 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-08-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 12716 . COSPAR: 1981-079A. Apogee: 360 km (220 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1982 August 18 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1983 August 18 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima T. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: TT-500A. LV Configuration: TT-500A TT-500A-13F.
  • Microgravity mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1985 August 18 - . 23:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M. Launch Pad: M1. LV Family: Mu. Launch Vehicle: Mu-3S-II. LV Configuration: Mu-3S-II M-3S2-2.
  • SS-11 Suisei - . Payload: Planet A. Mass: 141 kg (310 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: SS. USAF Sat Cat: 15967 . COSPAR: 1985-073A. Rendezvoused with comet Halley 3/8/86. Solar Orbit (Heliocentric). PLANET-A (SUISEI). Launch time 2333 GMT. Imaging of the hydrogen coma of Halley's comet by the hydrogen Lyman alpha line. Measurement of the solar wind in the cruising phase and in the vicinity of the comet. Launching organiza tion ISAS. Heliocentric orbit parameters 282 days, inclination 0.888 deg, 151.42 x 100.5 million km (1.0122 x 0.6718 AU).

1987 August 18 - . 02:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Meteor 2-16 - . Payload: Meteor-2 no. 16. Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor-2. USAF Sat Cat: 18312 . COSPAR: 1987-068A. Apogee: 958 km (595 mi). Perigee: 939 km (583 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 104.00 min. Summary: Gathering meteorological information and data on penetrating radiation fluxes in circumterrestrial space..

1988 August 18 - .
  • Death of Alexandr Vladimirovich Shchukin at Zhukovsky Flight Research Center, Russia. Crash of a Su-26M aerobatic aircraft on LII (Zhukovsky Flight Research Center - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Shchukin. Summary: Belarusian test pilot cosmonaut, 1980-1988..

1988 August 18 - . 19:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2. LV Configuration: Proton-K/DM-2 333-02.
  • Gorizont 16 - . Payload: Gorizont s/n 28L. Mass: 2,100 kg (4,600 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Gorizont . Completed Operations Date: 1992-01-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 19397 . COSPAR: 1988-071A. Apogee: 35,919 km (22,318 mi). Perigee: 35,816 km (22,254 mi). Inclination: 3.2000 deg. Period: 1,440.30 min. Stationed at 80 deg E. Provision of telephone and telegraph radiocommunications and television broadcasting. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 80 deg E in 1988-1992 As of 28 August 2001 located at 176.78 deg W drifting at 1.036 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 8 located at 169.61W drifting at 1.046W degrees per day.

1989 August 18 - . 05:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 6925. LV Configuration: Delta 6925 D186.
  • USA 42 - . Payload: GPS 2-3 / GPS SVN 16. Mass: 1,665 kg (3,670 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2 and 2A. USAF Sat Cat: 20185 . COSPAR: 1989-064A. Apogee: 21,576 km (13,406 mi). Perigee: 21,509 km (13,365 mi). Inclination: 56.4000 deg. Period: 773.80 min. Summary: Global Positioning System. Retired..

1990 August 18 - . 00:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 6925. LV Configuration: Delta 6925 D198.
  • Thor 1 / BSB-R2 - . Payload: Marco Polo 2. Mass: 1,220 kg (2,680 lb). Nation: Norway. Agency: BSB. Program: Thor Comsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 376. USAF Sat Cat: 20762 . COSPAR: 1990-074A. Apogee: 35,794 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. UK DBS; 31 deg W. Direct broadcasting system. Expected operational life 12.5 yr. Owner/operator: British Sky Broadcasting Ltd, 6 Centaurs Business Park, Grant Way, Isleworth, Middlesex TW7 5QD. Sold on-orbit in 1992 to Telenor Norway and redesignated Thor 1. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 50 deg W in 1990; 31 deg W in 1991-1992; 1 deg W in 1992-1999 As of 3 September 2001 located at 0.72 deg W drifting at 0.001 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 61.51W drifting at 3.830W degrees per day.

1992 August 18 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: Prithvi. Launch Vehicle: Prithvi. LV Configuration: Prithvi 8.
  • Test mission - . Nation: India. Agency: IDRDL. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1992 August 18 - . 09:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion Improved. LV Configuration: Nike Improved Orion DLR K-NO2-198.
  • Testflug test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1993 August 18 - . 22:43 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: DC-X. Launch Vehicle: DC-X.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDAC. Apogee: 0 km ( mi). Summary: Verified flight control systems and vertical landing capabilities. Reached 46 m altitude in a 59 second flight..

1994 August 18 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle.
  • Shuttle Endeavour Pad Abort - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Flight: STS-68. Spacecraft: Endeavour. The countdown for Endeavour's first launch attempt ended 1.9 seconds before liftoff when on-board computers detected higher than acceptable readings in one channel of a sensor monitoring the discharge temperature of the high pressure oxidizer turbopump in main engine #3. A test firing of the engine at the Stennis Space Center in Mississippi on September 2nd confirmed that a slight drift in a fuel flow meter in the engine caused a slight increase in the turbopump's temperature. The test firing also confirmed a slightly slower start for main engine #3 during the pad abort, which could have contributed to the higher temperatures. After Endeavour was brought back to the Vehicle Assembly Building to be outfitted with three replacement engines, NASA managers set October 2nd as the date for Endeavour's second launch attempt.

1994 August 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • JTF-95 MSTI Target Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DoD. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1996 August 18 - . 10:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC1. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-3. LV Configuration: Chang Zheng 3 CZ3-11 (42).
  • Zhongxing 7 - . Payload: Zhongxing 7. Nation: China. Agency: Chinasat. Program: Chinasat. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 376. USAF Sat Cat: 24282 . COSPAR: 1996-048A. Apogee: 46,499 km (28,893 mi). Perigee: 21,674 km (13,467 mi). Inclination: 26.3000 deg. Period: 1,350.20 min.

1997 August 18 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • CRISTA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1999 August 18 - .
  • Cassini, Earth Flyby - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Cassini.

1999 August 18 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 2365 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: Kozlov. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 119.00 days. Decay Date: 1999-12-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 25889 . COSPAR: 1999-044A. Apogee: 338 km (210 mi). Perigee: 184 km (114 mi). Inclination: 67.1000 deg. Period: 89.73 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission. Landed in Russia on December 15, 1999..

1999 August 18 - . 18:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9CM1. LV Configuration: Black Brant 9CM1 NASA 36.181US.
  • USC-3 (SOHO Cal) Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 314 km (195 mi).

2001 August 18 - . 13:39 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-105-2 - . Crew: Barry; Forrester. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.23 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Forrester. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-105. Summary: The spacewalk installed Orbit-Installed Handrails and Launch-to-Activation Heater Cables on Destiny. The cables were needed for the installation of the S0 truss to be launched in early 2002. .

2005 August 18 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Vehicle: Castor 4B. LV Configuration: Castor 4B CMCM-1.
  • CMCM-1-F2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

2006 August 18 - .
2007 August 18 - . 14:17 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-118-4 - . Crew: Williams, Dave; Anderson, Clayton. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.21 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Williams, Dave; Anderson, Clayton. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-15; ISS EO-15-2; STS-118. Summary: The astronauts began work outside at 13:16 GMT. They removed two external exposure experiments for return to earth, installed a communications antenna on the Destiny module, and mounting brackets for the Orbiter Boom Sensor Syste) on the S1 truss..

2011 August 18 - . 09:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-2C. FAILURE: Second stage vernier engine suffered a mechanical failure.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • SJ11-04 - . Nation: China. Spacecraft: SJ-11. COSPAR: 2011-0F02. Summary: Fourth satellite of the SJ-11 infrared surveillance system failed to reach orbit when the second stage vernier engine suffered a mechanical failure..

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