Encyclopedia Astronautica
August 22


August 22 Chronology


1932 August 22 - .
1944 August 22 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende P7. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 V-216.
  • V-2 4216 - . Nation: Germany. Summary: Burnout at T+57seconds. Flight duration 282 seconds. Range 196 km .

1946 August 22 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 11. FAILURE: Launch failure..
  • UM Aeronomy Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; USAF AFSC. Apogee: 0 km ( mi). Summary: Launched 10:15 local time. Launch failure. Carried pressure, density, ionosphere, sky brightness experiments for Air Research and Development Command..

1951 August 22 - .
  • X-1D Flight 2 - . Crew: Everest. Payload: X-1D flight 2. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Everest. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: X-1D. Summary: AF flight 1. Launch aborted, but X-1D suffered low-order explosion during pressurization for fuel jettison. Plane jettisoned from B-50. X-1D exploded on impact with desert. Everest managed to get into B-50 bomb bay before drop..

1951 August 22 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D32 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1951 August 22 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 TF1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi). TF-1 was the first V-2 launched by an all US Army team that was taking over from the General Electric crew as GE's contract to assemble, test and launch the missiles was coming to a close. It was the 'Final Exam' for this new team to prove were capable of handling the program from then on. Since no experiments were to be on board it was decided to shoot for an altitude record, and various modifications were made to this end. TF-1 was launched 12:00 local time. and reached 213.9 km.

1952 August 22 - . 07:33 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 TF3.
  • Test / photography / solar x-ray / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; NRL. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi). Launched 00:33 local time. Reached 78.2 km. Carried composition, pressure, magnetic field, solar radiation; cosmic radiation (National Institute of Health); sky brightness (Air Research and Development Command) experiments for Naval Research Lab. V-2 number TF-2 was flown as contractor vehicle 59.

1958 August 22 - . Launch Site: Santa Barbara Channel DZ. Launch Pad: 34.2 N x 120.0 W. Launch Platform: F4D-1 747. LV Family: Project Pilot. Launch Vehicle: Project Pilot. LV Configuration: Project Pilot 3. FAILURE: Radio contact lost; possibly reached orbit.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Pilot 3 - . Payload: Diagnostic Payload 3. Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Pilot. Decay Date: 1958-08-22 . COSPAR: F580822A. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1959 August 22 - . 00:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 AA3.101C.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1959 August 22 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NN8.70CF.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1960 August 22 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA SRDL. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1961 August 22 - .
  • Mercury MA-4 flight readiness reviews - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Summary: Between August 22 and September 12, 1961, mission, spacecraft, and launch vehicle flight safety reviews were held for the unmanned Mercury-Atlas 4 (MA-4) orbital flight..

1962 August 22 - .
  • Contractor for Apollo CM reaction controls changed - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM RCS. Summary: Responsibility for the design and manufacture of the reaction controls for the Apollo command module was shifted from The Marquardt Corporation to the Rocketdyne Division of NAA, with NASA concurrence..

1962 August 22 - .
  • Length of the Apollo service module increased - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Structural. Summary: The length of the Apollo service module was increased from 11 feet 8 inches to 12 feet 11 inches to provide space for additional fuel..

1962 August 22 - .
  • Future Vostok flight plans discussed - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Smirnov; Malinovskiy; Korolev; Keldysh. Program: Vostok. Flight: Vostok 5; Vostok 6; Vostok 6A; Vostok 7; Vostok 8; Vostok 9; Vostok 10; Vostok 11; Vostok 12. At Baikonur for the launch of a Venera probe, the Soviet space leadership discussed future plans. The female cosmonaut training group was there for their first rocket launch. The next Vostok would carry the first woman into space; Ponomaryova, Solovyova, and Tereshkova were the leading candidates. Flight plans were discussed at a meeting in the evening between Kamanin and Leonid Smirnov. It would be possible to make the flight by the end of 1962, but March-April 1963 was more likely, depending on the final report on the Vostok 3/4 flights. The work force would be fully occupied in August-October in launching probes to Venus and Mars, also probably delaying any Vostok flight until the following spring. The next flight would probably be part of a group flight of two or three spacecraft, piloted by both men and women. The female flights would be limited to three days, while the male flights would last for 7 to 8 days. Additional Details: Future Vostok flight plans discussed.

1962 August 22 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NE3.128.
  • Solar extreme ultraviolet / x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 234 km (145 mi).

1963 August 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: First stage failed.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • DS-A1 s/n 3 - . Payload: DS-A1. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-A1. COSPAR: F630822A. Carried military experiments to test communications and navigation equipment needed for command and control of Soviet nuclear forces (later used on the Uragan navigation satellites). Also conducted operational monitoring of cosmic rays, radiation from nuclear tests, and natural and artifically-produced radiation belts.

1963 August 22 - . 18:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Smith Ranch Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 39.3 N x 117.5 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-22-36.
  • X-15A VO,Spectrom,Photom Test/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi). Summary: Unofficial world altitude record. Maximum Speed - 6105 kph. Maximum Altitude - 107960 m. Second X-15 astronaut flight (FAI definition); fifth astronaut wings flight (USAF definition)..

1964 August 22 - . 07:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78 R103-36.
  • Cosmos 41 - . Payload: Molniya-1. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Molniya-1. Decay Date: 2004-04-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 869 . COSPAR: 1964-049D. Apogee: 39,169 km (24,338 mi). Perigee: 1,023 km (635 mi). Inclination: 68.4000 deg. Period: 714.50 min. Successful launch of first Soviet communications satellite. This is the second Molniya launch attempt. (the first was a launch failure). The failure of the antennae to deploy means the spacecraft can only be tested in a limited manner and cannot be used for the planned relay of television.

1964 August 22 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.126GG.
  • Ultraviolet Spectra (Venus) Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1964 August 22 - . 11:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 42 - . Mass: 100 kg (220 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1965-12-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 864 . COSPAR: 1964-050A. Apogee: 1,105 km (686 mi). Perigee: 228 km (141 mi). Inclination: 48.9000 deg. Period: 98.10 min.
  • Cosmos 43 - . Mass: 100 kg (220 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1965-12-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 867 . COSPAR: 1964-050C. Apogee: 1,093 km (679 mi). Perigee: 227 km (141 mi). Inclination: 48.9000 deg. Period: 98.00 min.

1966 August 22 - .
  • Apollo experiment pallet cancelled - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo Experiments Pallet. NASA informed four firms that had completed design studies on the Apollo experiment pallet that there would be no hardware development and fabrication of the pallet. The four firms had been selected in November 1965 to make four-month studies of a pallet to carry experiments in the spacecraft SM during the Apollo manned lunar landings. The firms were Lockheed Missiles and Space Co., Sunnyvale, Calif.; The Martin Co., Denver, Colo.; McDonnell Aircraft Corp., St. Louis, Mo.; and Northrop Space Laboratories, Hawthorne, Calif.

1966 August 22 - . 20:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1A 621 (63-103).
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1967 August 22 - .
  • Senior design review group established for Apollo command module stowed equipment - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Cockpit. A senior design review group was established to review the command module stowed equipment and the stowage provisions, to ensure the timely resolution and implementation of changes necessary because of new materials criteria and guidelines. Robert R. Gilruth, MSC Director, would head the group.

1968 August 22 - . 15:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout B. LV Configuration: Scout B S168C.
  • RAM C-2 Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1969 August 22 - .
  • Rocco A Petrone named as Director of the Apollo Program - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Petrone; Phillips, Samuel. Program: Apollo. Summary: NASA named Rocco A. Petrone, Director of Launch Operations at KSC, to succeed Samuel C. Phillips as Director of the Apollo Program effective September 1..

1969 August 22 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan. LV Configuration: Eridan E004.
  • FU-187 test, B cone test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi).

1969 August 22 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25C. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon. LV Configuration: Poseidon C3XD-12.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1969 August 22 - . 10:36 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.423UG.
  • Pandora L (Background) Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1969 August 22 - . 14:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 295 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 29. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1969-09-27 . Decay Date: 1969-12-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 4076 . COSPAR: 1969-073A. Apogee: 472 km (293 mi). Perigee: 270 km (160 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 91.90 min. Summary: Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1970 August 22 - . 04:58 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170. LV Configuration: Aerobee 170 NASA 13.17DG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1970 August 22 - . 05:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. FAILURE: The escape stage Block L's engine 11D33 was late igniting and cut off early at 25 seconds after firing due to abnormal operation of the sequencer and a DC transformer failure.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Cosmos 359 - . Payload: 3V (V-70) s/n 631. Mass: 1,180 kg (2,600 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Venera. Class: Venus. Type: Venus probe. Spacecraft: Venera 3V (V-70). Decay Date: 1970-11-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 4501 . COSPAR: 1970-065A. Apogee: 908 km (564 mi). Perigee: 195 km (121 mi). Inclination: 51.2000 deg. Period: 95.70 min. Summary: Probable Venus probe failure..

1971 August 22 - . 02:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Denmark. Agency: DMI. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi).

1973 August 22 - . 11:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 580 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 59. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1974-09-04 . Decay Date: 1974-04-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 6793 . COSPAR: 1973-057A. Apogee: 490 km (300 mi). Perigee: 273 km (169 mi). Inclination: 70.9000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Summary: Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1973 August 22 - . 21:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-18.
  • Auroral arc Aurora mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1974 August 22 - . 01:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1975 August 22 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 634. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • FOT-13? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1975 August 22 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 634. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • FOT-13? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1975 August 22 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 634. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • FOT-13? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1975 August 22 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • SFT-103 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1975 August 22 - . 02:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Cosmos 756 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 8. Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. Decay Date: 1992-11-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 8127 . COSPAR: 1975-076A. Apogee: 403 km (250 mi). Perigee: 394 km (244 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 92.50 min.

1976 August 22 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.209IE.
  • CUSP II Plasma / aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1977 August 22 - . 14:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Thule AFB. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1978 August 22 - . 23:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 1-42 - . Payload: Molniya-1T. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Molniya-1T. USAF Sat Cat: 11007 . COSPAR: 1978-080A. Apogee: 34,374 km (21,358 mi). Perigee: 1,181 km (733 mi). Inclination: 63.8000 deg. Period: 622.70 min. Summary: Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radiocommunications system in the USSR; transmission of television programmes to stations in the Orbita network. .

1979 August 22 - . 16:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1980 August 22 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1207 - . Payload: Zenit-4MKT no. 15. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKT. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-09-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 11938 . COSPAR: 1980-070A. Apogee: 256 km (159 mi). Perigee: 211 km (131 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. Summary: Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1981 August 22 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 636. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1984 August 22 - . 16:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1985 August 22 - . 19:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78M-ML.
  • Molniya 1-64 - . Payload: Molniya-1T. Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Molniya-1T. Decay Date: 2000-03-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 15977 . COSPAR: 1985-074A. Apogee: 38,370 km (23,840 mi). Perigee: 1,987 km (1,234 mi). Inclination: 64.7000 deg. Period: 717.80 min. Summary: Replaced Molniya 1-61. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio communications system in the USSR; transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to stations in the Orbita network. .

1986 August 22 - . Launch Site: Western Test Range DZ. Launch Pad: 35.0 N x 120.0 W. Launch Platform: F-15. Launch Vehicle: ASAT.
  • ASAT Test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Successful test; minitaure homing vehicle homed on the selected star..

1989 August 22 - . 12:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 2036 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1989-09-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 20188 . COSPAR: 1989-065A. Apogee: 259 km (160 mi). Perigee: 244 km (151 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Summary: Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1990 August 22 - . 08:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein RN. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.56DE.
  • NICARE 2 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi).

1990 August 22 - . 08:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein RN. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk Nike. LV Configuration: Taurus Nike Tomahawk NASA 38.18UE.
  • CRRES Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 440 km (270 mi).

1991 August 22 - . 12:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/1?. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53778-429.
  • Cosmos 2154 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 21666 . COSPAR: 1991-059A. Apogee: 1,008 km (626 mi). Perigee: 969 km (602 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Summary: Military navigation satellite..

1992 August 22 - . Launch Site: Eglin AFB. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Microstar.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SPFLA. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1992 August 22 - . 22:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas I. LV Configuration: Atlas I AC-71 / Centaur I 5051. FAILURE: Destroyed by range safety. Centaur engine turbopump did not start. Identical to the 18 April 1991 failure.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Galaxy 1R - . Payload: Galaxy 1R. Nation: USA. Agency: HCI. Program: Galaxy. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 376. Decay Date: 1992-08-22 . COSPAR: F920822A.

1993 August 22 - .
  • Communications lost with Mars observor - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Mars Observer. Communications was lost with the spacecraft on August 22, 1993 as it was preparing to go into orbit around Mars, and no significant scientific data was returned. Later investigation indicated this was due to a propulsion system explosion caused by propellants leaking past faulty valves.

1994 August 22 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper. LV Configuration: Viper Sphere.
  • GUARA MET Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1995 August 22 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S29. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5. LV Configuration: Trident D-5 DASO-4.
  • Operational test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1996 August 22 - .
  • Death of Wilhelm Angele - . Nation: Germany; USA. Related Persons: Angele. Summary: German-American engineer. Avid amateur astronomer, control specialist in von Braun's Rocket Team. Became Head of Pilot Manufacturing Development Branch, Guidance and Control Division, Huntsville..

1997 August 22 - . 11:14 GMT - .
  • EVA Mir EO-24-1 - . Crew: Solovyov; Vinogradov. EVA Type: Internal Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.14 days. Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Solovyov; Vinogradov. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Flight: Mir NASA-4; Mir EO-24. Spacecraft: Mir. Summary: Connected Spektr power cables. Surveyed interior of depressurised Spektr module. Retrieved equipment and belongings from module..

2001 August 22 - .
2001 August 22 - .
2002 August 22 - . 05:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2M. LV Configuration: Proton-K/DM-2M (DM3) 406-02.
  • Echostar 8 - . Mass: 4,660 kg (10,270 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: PanAmSat. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Program: Echostar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 27501 . COSPAR: 2002-039A. Apogee: 35,799 km (22,244 mi). Perigee: 35,774 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Launch delayed from June 16 and 22, July 18, August 2 and 20 due to payload problems. Echostar 8 was an American geostationary communication spacecraft. The 4.7-ton satellite was to provide digital TV broadcast to North America through its 16 spot beams and 41 transponders in the Ku-band after parking over 110 W longitude. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 110.01W drifting at 0.003W degrees per day.

2003 August 22 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Complex: Alcantara VLS. LV Family: VLS. Launch Vehicle: VLS-1. LV Configuration: VLS-1 V03. FAILURE: Failure - Exploded on pad during final prelaunch processing. 21 people were killed, with none injured.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • SATEC - . Payload: SATEC. Mass: 57 kg (125 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SATEC. COSPAR: F20030822A. Launch was due on August 25. Was to have been on third qualification flight after two previous failures. The launch had already been delayed from October 2002, then May 7 and June 20 2003. It appeared that one of the strapon boosters ignited by accident. The two satellite payloads were also destroyed in the blast, as was the launch pad.
  • Unosat - . Payload: Unosat. Mass: 9.00 kg (19.80 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: Parana. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Unosat. COSPAR: F20030822B.

2005 August 22 - .
  • Cassini, Titan Flyby, Successful - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Cassini.

2006 August 22 - . 03:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiritimati. Launch Pad: 0.0 N x 154.0 W. Launch Platform: ODYSSEY. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-3SL. LV Configuration: Zenit-3SL 22/DM-SL-23L.
  • Koreasat 5 - . Payload: Mugunghwa 5, Spacebus 4000C1. Mass: 4,465 kg (9,843 lb). Nation: Korea South. Agency: KT. Manufacturer: Alenia. Program: Koreasat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 4000. USAF Sat Cat: 29349 . COSPAR: 2006-034A. Apogee: 35,795 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,780 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.20 min. Summary: The satellite will was to provide Ku-band service for Korea Telecom and Ka-band and SHF band transponders for the South Korean Agency for Defense Development. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 113.05E drifting at 0.012W degrees per day..

2008 August 22 - . 09:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA0B. LV Family: ALV. Launch Vehicle: ALV. FAILURE: Went off course and destroyed by range safety 27 seconds after launch..
  • HyBolt/SOAREX-VI - . Nation: USA. Agency: Clemson. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Apogee: 3.50 km (2.10 mi). Summary: Carried HyBOLT and SOAREX-VI hypersonic research experiments..

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