Encyclopedia Astronautica
August 24


August 24 Chronology


1900 August 24 - .
  • Birth of Rudolf Hackh - . Nation: France; Germany. Summary: German engineer. Member of German Rocket Team in France after WW2..

1924 August 24 - .
  • Birth of Walter P Jones - . Nation: USA. Summary: American test pilot, flew the D-558-1, D-558-2, X-4, and X-5..

1944 August 24 - .
  • Birth of Gregory Bruce Jarvis - . Nation: USA. Summary: American engineer payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-L. Died in Challenger accident..

1944 August 24 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende P10. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 18222.
  • - . Nation: Germany. Summary: Burnout at T+64seconds. Flight duration 254 seconds. Range 189 km.

1945 August 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island.
  • First successful launch from Wallops Island. - . Nation: USA. Summary: First successful use of a telemetry system in a rocket-propelled flight research model, the two-stage Tiamat at NACA Wallops Island, Va..

1946 August 24 - .
1949 August 24 - .
  • Birth of Dr Anna Lee Tingle Fisher - . Nation: USA. Summary: American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-A. First mother in space. Was married to astronaut William Fisher. Took extended leave 1989 to 1996 to raise family..

1950 August 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D28 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1952 August 24 - . 03:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Arctic Ocean. Launch Pad: 77.5 N x 73.5 W. Launch Platform: WYG-279. LV Family: Rockoon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Rockoon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • SUI 2 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUI. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi). Summary: Launched at Arctic Ocean Launch Site 1 Launch Point 2 - - Latitude: 77.52 N - Longitude: 73.50 W..

1953 August 24 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LA. Launch Pad: LA?. LV Family: Matador. Launch Vehicle: Matador. LV Configuration: Matador GM-11083.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1954 August 24 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 2789T.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 August 24 - . LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter C.
  • Redstone recommended as satellite launcher. - . Payload: Explorer A. Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Explorer A. Research and development Policy Council (DOD) unanimously recommended that the time-risk factor in the scientific satellite program be brought to the attention of the Secretary of the Defense for determination as to whether a Redstone backup program was indicated.

1955 August 24 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-1. Launch Vehicle: R-1 8A11. LV Configuration: R-1 8A11 No 302.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1956 August 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Heat Transfer Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1957 August 24 - . Launch Site: Cuxhaven. Launch Vehicle: Mohr Rocket.
  • First launches from Spaceport Cuxhaven - . Nation: Germany. Cuxhaven saw its first use as the 'Gateway to Space'. The DRG (German Rocket Society)'s 'Rocket Flight Day' started out with 7 firings of the 'oilspray' rocket to ranges of 100 to 300 m. The terrible weather served to demonstrate their function admirably. This was followed by a launch to 100 to 2000 m altitude of several small model rockets. This was followed by delta-winged rocket built by Koschmieder, which reached 3000 m and was recovered by parachute. Next was a prototype 20 kg meteorological rocket using a new solid propellant developed by Deutsche Dynamit AG. This produced 1500 kgf and reached Mach 1.5. The rocket rose to 4000 m but the recovery parachute deployed early and the meteorological instruments were not recovered. Finally a test of the first of Ernst Mohr's big rockets was planned. The rocket had 50 kg of propellant, produced 5 tonnes thrust, and was to have reached Mach 1.5 at burnout and an altitude of 20,000 m. However the launch was cancelled due to bad weather.

1957 August 24 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun SS6.38. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Grenade test Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 August 24 - . 06:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC5. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter C. LV Configuration: Jupiter C/Juno I RS/CC-47. FAILURE: First Stage collided with upper stages. Second Stage ignited in wrong direction.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Explorer 5 - . Payload: Explorer C. Mass: 17 kg (37 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Agency: DARPA. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Explorer C. Decay Date: 1958-08-24 . COSPAR: F580824A.

1959 August 24 - . 15:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas C. LV Configuration: Atlas C 11C.
  • Research and development / AFSWC-6 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,400 km (800 mi). Summary: Last successful Atlas C flight (11C); 9C exploded one month later during the Able static firing..

1959 August 24 - . 22:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NN8.71CF.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1960 August 24 - .
  • McDonnell proposed a one-man space station. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Mercury Mark I. McDonnell Aircraft Corporation proposed a one-man space station comprising a Mercury capsule plus a cylindrical space laboratory capable of supporting one astronaut in a shirtsleeve environment for 14 days in orbit. Gross weight of the combined vehicle at launch would be 7259 pounds (Mercury, as of October 25, 1960, was 4011 pounds), which would provide an 1100-pound, laboratory-test payload in a 150-nautical-mile orbit, boosted by an Atlas-Agena B. The result would be a 'minimum cost manned space station.'

1960 August 24 - .
  • Birth of Franz Artur Viehboeck - . Nation: Austria. Summary: Austrian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir Austromir. First Austrian astronaut..

1960 August 24 - .
  • Birth of Steven Wayne Lindsey - . Nation: USA. Summary: American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-87, STS-95, STS-104, STS-121..

1961 August 24 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury-Atlas 4 (MA-4) unmanned orbital flight was postponed. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury.

1961 August 24 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nova; Saturn V.
  • Merritt Island selected for Saturn V launch site. - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo Lunar Landing. After considering Cape Canaveral, Cape Canaveral-Merritt Island, Mayaguana-Bahamas, Cumberland-Georgia, Brownville-Texas, Christmas Island, Hawaii, and White Sands, Merritt Island selected as launch site for manned lunar flights and other missions requiring Saturn and Nova class vehicles. Based upon national space goals announced by the President in May, NASA plans called for acquisition of 80,000 acres north and west of AFMTC, to be administered by the USAF as agent for NASA and as a part of the Atlantic Missile Range. Additional Details: Merritt Island selected for Saturn V launch site..

1962 August 24 - .
  • Birth of Dr Mary Ellen Weber - . Nation: USA. Summary: American chemical engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-70, STS-101. Chemist..

1962 August 24 - . 11:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 301/C. LV Configuration: Black Knight-301/C BK.16.
  • Gaslight Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 573 km (356 mi).

1963 August 24 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Nike Zeus. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus. LV Configuration: Nike Zeus-3.
  • K-28 Atlas Intercept - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1963 August 24 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 2. LV Configuration: Lambda 2 L-2-1. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Ionosphere / test - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 51 km (31 mi).

1963 August 24 - . 09:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg OSTF1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E. LV Configuration: Atlas E 72E.
  • NTMP/OT DASO test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,600 km (900 mi).

1964 August 24 - .
1964 August 24 - . 17:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1965 August 24 - . LV Family: Tsiklon; UR-200.
  • Development of R-36-O and Tsyklon launch vehicles authorised - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Chelomei; Keldysh; Yangel. Spacecraft: IS-A; US-A; OGCh. Decree 'On Creation of an R-36 Based Carrier Rocket for Launching the IS and US KA--start of work on an R-36-based launch vehicle for the IS and US programs' was issued. After Khrushchev was ousted from power, Chelomei's projects were examined by an expert commission under M V Keldysh. It was found that Yangelís R-36 rocket was superior to Chelomeiís UR-200. The UR-200 was cancelled; the IS and US satellites would be launched by the R-36 11K67. The Tsyklon 2 definitive operational version replaced the 11K67 launch vehicle from 1969.

1965 August 24 - .
  • Soyuz-VI program started.. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Kozlov. Flight: Gemini 4; Soyuz VI Flight 1. Spacecraft: Soyuz VI. Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On expansion of military space research and on 7K-VI Zvezda' was issued. In June 1965 Gemini 4 began the first American experiments in military space. At the same time the large military Manned Orbital Laboratory space station was on the verge of being given its final go-ahead. These events caused a bit of a panic among the Soviet military, where the Soyuz-R and Almaz projects were in the very earliest stages of design and would not fly until 1968 at the earliest. VPK head Leonid Smirnov ordered that urgent measures be taken to test manned military techniques in orbit at the earliest possible date. Modifications were to be made to the Voskhod and Soyuz 7K-OK spacecraft to assess the military utility of manned visual and photographic reconnaissance; of inspection of enemy satellites from orbit; attacking enemy spacecraft; and obtaining early warning of nuclear attack. The decree instructed Kozlov to fly by 1967 a military research variant of the Soyuz 7K-OK 11F615.

1965 August 24 - . Launch Site: Vik. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-17.
  • FU-146 / VLF Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 440 km (270 mi).

1965 August 24 - . 16:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1A 677.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 August 24 - . 21:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.210GI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1966 August 24 - .
  • M2 Flight 4 - . Crew: Thompson. Payload: M2-F2 flight 4. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Thompson. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: M2-F2. Summary: Maximum Speed - 718 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13720 m. Flight Time - 241 sec..

1966 August 24 - . 08:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. Launch Pad: LC31?. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78M N103-43.
  • Luna 11 - . Payload: E-6LF s/n 101. Mass: 1,638 kg (3,611 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Luna. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Luna E-6LF. USAF Sat Cat: 2406 . COSPAR: 1966-078A. Automatic station Luna 11. Further development of artificial lunar satellite systems and conduct of scientific experiments in circumlunar space. Lunar orbit 160 km x 1200 km x 27 degrees. Luna 11 was launched towards the Moon from an earth-orbiting platform and entered lunar orbit on August 28, 1966. The objectives of the mission included the study of: (1) lunar gamma- and X-ray emissions in order to determine the Moon's chemical composition; (2) lunar gravitational anomalies; (3) the concentration of meteorite streams near the Moon; and, (4) the intensity of hard corpuscular radiation near the Moon. A total of 137 radio transmissions and 277 orbits of the Moon were completed before the batteries failed on October 1, 1966.

1966 August 24 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.183UE.
  • UNH neutrons Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

1966 August 24 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.271UI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1967 August 24 - .
  • Soyuz launch commission. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Feoktistov; Smirnov; Ustinov. Program: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK. Over 200 recommendations were made for revision of the parachute system, and all of these had to be made over the last two to three months. There have been 30 drops of the FAB-3000 Soyuz capsule mass simulator and two drops of capsule mock-ups. The entire series of tests is due to be completed by 20 September. This will allow flight of the first two manned spacecraft on 15 to 20 October. The commission is split over the selection of Feoktistov for the flight. It has to be referred to Smirnov and Ustinov for a final decision.

1967 August 24 - .
  • Agreement on protecting the earth from contamination by Apollo samples - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Webb. Program: Apollo. An interagency agreement on protecting the earth's biosphere from lunar sources of contamination was signed by James E. Webb, NASA; John W. Gardiner, HEW; Orville L. Freeman, Department of Agriculture; Stewart L. Udall, Department of Interior; and Frederick Seitz, National Academy of Sciences. The agreement established a committee to advise the NASA Administrator on back contamination and the protection of the biological and chemical integrity of lunar samples, on when and how astronauts and lunar samples might be released from quarantine, and on policy matters.

1967 August 24 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 3. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV. LV Configuration: Athena D059. FAILURE: Failure.
  • USN D059 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1967 August 24 - . 04:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 173 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 8. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1967-12-03 . Decay Date: 1967-12-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 2921 . COSPAR: 1967-081A. Apogee: 499 km (310 mi). Perigee: 269 km (167 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Summary: Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1967 August 24 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7C. LV Configuration: Skylark-7C SL521.
  • Geocorona? Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1968 August 24 - . 15:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 20.0 S x 65.0 E. Launch Platform: SHIP-SOV. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1969 August 24 - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-300 ISAS. LV Configuration: S-300-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1969 August 24 - . 08:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-26.
  • Radio noise Ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 341 km (211 mi).

1970 August 24 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Chaff - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 53 km (32 mi).

1971 August 24 - . 02:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Denmark. Agency: DMI. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi).

1971 August 24 - . 09:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Vehicle: Cockatoo. LV Configuration: Cockatoo 1017.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1972 August 24 - .
  • M2 Flight 32 - . Crew: Dana. Payload: M2-F3 flight 16. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Dana. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: M2-F3. Summary: Maximum Speed - 1344 kph. Maximum Altitude - 20330 m. Flight Time - 376 sec..

1972 August 24 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC161/35. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67MA.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 August 24 - . 07:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Green River. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena H. LV Configuration: Athena H H011.
  • ABC-3 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1973 August 24 - . 10:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 581 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4M. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1973-09-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 6798 . COSPAR: 1973-059A. Apogee: 276 km (171 mi). Perigee: 177 km (109 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1973 August 24 - . 16:24 GMT - .
  • EVA Skylab 3-2 - . Crew: Garriott; Lousma. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.19 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Garriott; Lousma. Program: Skylab. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Flight: Skylab 3. Spacecraft: Skylab. Summary: Replaced solar camera film cartridges; installed replacement gyroscopes..

1974 August 24 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHOK. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1976 August 24 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHOK. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1976 August 24 - .
  • Landing of Soyuz 21 - . Return Crew: Volynov; Zholobov. Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Volynov; Zholobov. Program: Almaz. Flight: Soyuz 21. The crew landed in very bad physical and mental condition 200 km SW of Kokchetav at 18:33 GMT. It was determined that they had become emotional, not followed their physical training, and developed an unreasonable desire to return to earth. The possibility also existed that there were toxic gases in the station.

1977 August 24 - . 07:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 937 - . Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: EORSAT. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: US-P. Decay Date: 1978-10-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 10278 . COSPAR: 1977-077A. Apogee: 444 km (275 mi). Perigee: 424 km (263 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 93.30 min. Summary: Ocean monitoring..

1977 August 24 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 938 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKM. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1977-09-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 10281 . COSPAR: 1977-078A. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi). Perigee: 181 km (112 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1977 August 24 - . 18:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53716-326.
  • Cosmos 939 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 129. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 10282 . COSPAR: 1977-079A. Apogee: 1,462 km (908 mi). Perigee: 1,432 km (889 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min. Summary: Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 940 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 130. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 10286 . COSPAR: 1977-079B. Apogee: 1,462 km (908 mi). Perigee: 1,394 km (866 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.40 min.
  • Cosmos 942 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 132. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 10288 . COSPAR: 1977-079D. Apogee: 1,532 km (951 mi). Perigee: 1,462 km (908 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.90 min.
  • Cosmos 941 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 131. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 10287 . COSPAR: 1977-079C. Apogee: 1,463 km (909 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min.
  • Cosmos 943 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 133. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 10289 . COSPAR: 1977-079E. Apogee: 1,462 km (908 mi). Perigee: 1,450 km (900 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 945 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 135. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 10291 . COSPAR: 1977-079G. Apogee: 1,490 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,463 km (909 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.50 min.
  • Cosmos 946 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 136. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 10292 . COSPAR: 1977-079H. Apogee: 1,510 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,463 km (909 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.
  • Cosmos 944 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 134. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 10290 . COSPAR: 1977-079F. Apogee: 1,470 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,462 km (908 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.20 min.

1978 August 24 - . Launch Site: McConnell AFB. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2.
  • Accident at Titan 2 Silo 533-7 at McConnell AFB kills 2 and injures 25 - . Nation: USA. Summary: Large scale oxidizer spill during fueling operation caused extensive damage to the silo and resulted in the death and injuries. Repairs were started but the silo complex was never returned to alert status..

1979 August 24 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1981 August 24 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-10.
  • Test / aurora / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1981 August 24 - . 16:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1299 - . Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: RORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military naval surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: US-A. Decay Date: 1981-09-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 12809 . COSPAR: 1981-081E. Apogee: 962 km (597 mi). Perigee: 926 km (575 mi). Inclination: 65.1000 deg. Period: 103.90 min. Summary: Ocean surveillance; nuclear powered..

1981 August 24 - . 21:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/1. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1300 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 30. Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 12785 . COSPAR: 1981-082A. Apogee: 609 km (378 mi). Perigee: 589 km (365 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.70 min.

1982 August 24 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1983 August 24 - . 14:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1984 August 24 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 630. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1984 August 24 - . 08:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78M-ML.
  • Molniya 1-62 - . Payload: Molniya-1T. Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Molniya-1T. USAF Sat Cat: 15214 . COSPAR: 1984-089A. Apogee: 40,372 km (25,085 mi). Perigee: 836 km (519 mi). Inclination: 63.9000 deg. Period: 735.20 min. Summary: Replaced Molniya 1-54. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio communications system in the USSR; transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to stations in the Orbita network..

1984 August 24 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM. LV Configuration: Proton-K/DM 324-02.
  • Ekran 13 - . Payload: Ekran s/n 27L. Mass: 1,970 kg (4,340 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Ekran . Completed Operations Date: 1987-04-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 15219 . COSPAR: 1984-090A. Apogee: 37,087 km (23,044 mi). Perigee: 36,957 km (22,963 mi). Inclination: 8.2000 deg. Period: 1,499.70 min. Stationed at 99 deg E. Transmission of Central Television programmes to a network of receivers for collective use. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 99 deg E in 1984-1987 As of 2 September 2001 located at 163.33 deg W drifting at 15.302 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 35.81W drifting at 15.302W degrees per day.

1984 August 24 - . 21:43 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 630. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 August 24 - . 16:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. Launch Vehicle: Peacekeeper. LV Configuration: Peacekeeper FTM-9.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 August 24 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. Launch Vehicle: Aries. LV Configuration: Aries NASA 24.09UH. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi).

1987 August 24 - . 03:52 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 629. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • JANUS Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1987 August 24 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 D. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR W-GR-147.
  • Supernova X-ray telescope mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1988 August 24 - . 14:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1989 August 24 - . 16:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Primrose Lake. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1992 August 24 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.090DS.
  • HRTS 8 Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 249 km (154 mi).

1993 August 24 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Resurs F-19 - . Payload: Resurs-F1 14F43 s/n 56. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-14F43. Duration: 17.00 days. Decay Date: 1993-09-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 22777 . COSPAR: 1993-053A. Apogee: 236 km (146 mi). Perigee: 174 km (108 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Summary: Investigation of the natural resources of the Earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy; solution of problems relating to ecology and international cooperation. .

1994 August 24 - . 13:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion NASA 31.105GE.
  • GUARA MALTED / CADRE Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1995 August 24 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima T. LV Family: TR-1. Launch Vehicle: TR-1A. LV Configuration: TR-1A TR-1A-4.
  • Microgravity mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1999 August 24 - . 07:07 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.119UG.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2000 August 24 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: Standard SM-2ER Block IV. LV Configuration: SM-2-IV CTV-2.
  • Block IVA test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

2001 August 24 - . 20:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2. LV Configuration: Proton-K/DM-2 404-01.
  • Cosmos 2379 - . Payload: SPRN No. 9. Nation: Russia. Agency: VKS. Manufacturer: Lavochkin. Class: Military. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Prognoz SPRN. USAF Sat Cat: 26892 . COSPAR: 2001-037A. Apogee: 35,810 km (22,250 mi). Perigee: 35,768 km (22,225 mi). Inclination: 1.6000 deg. Period: 1,436.20 min. Launch delayed from August 23. Early-warning geosynchronous satellite. The Proton upper stage entered a geostationary transfer orbit after its first burn at 2152 GMT. A second burn was at 0310 GMT put the payload into its operational orbit. It was to provide early warning of missiles launched from the United States with the help of a heat-sensing array of detectors. According to the Moscow Kommersant newspaper, these early warning geosynchronous satellites belong to the US-KMO group, also known as Prognoz fleet, while the highly elliptical complement belongs to the US-KS group, also known as Oko fleet, both supplemented by about eight ground-based radars. As of 6 September 2001 located at 80.17 deg E drifting at 0.031 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 23.84W drifting at 0.002W degrees per day.

2002 August 24 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • RO-A-FS-03 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

2004 August 24 - .
  • Mars Odyssey, End of Primary Mission - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Mars Odyssey.

2006 August 24 - .
  • Death of Rocco Petrone - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Petrone. Summary: American engineer, managed development of the Redstone at Huntsivlle, then the Saturn V at NASA, 1960-1974..

2010 August 24 - . 07:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-2D.
  • Tianhui-1 Weixing - . Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 36985 . COSPAR: 2010-040A. Apogee: 507 km (315 mi). Perigee: 484 km (300 mi). Inclination: 97.4000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Summary: Research, mapping and land resource survey satellite..

2011 August 24 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. FAILURE: Five minutes and 25 seconds into flight, during the burn of the booster's third stage, the engine's gas generator failed and the engine shut down. The upper stage and spacecraft crashed in the Gorno-Altai region.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Progress M-12M - . Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: ISS EO-27; ISS EO-28. Spacecraft: Progress M. COSPAR: 2011-0F03. ISS resupply mission. The Progress M failed to reach orbit. Five minutes and 25 seconds into flight, during the burn of the booster's third stage, the engine's gas generator failed and the engine shut down. The upper stage and spacecraft crashed in the Gorno-Altai region of Russia. First ever failure of a Progress spacecraft to dock with a space station in its 135-mission history. The six crew aboard the ISS had sufficient supplies, but the mishap delayed the launch of the Expedition 29 replacement crew until the cause of the failure was understood and the Soyuz launch vehicle cleared again for manned launches. The return to Earth of the first half of the Expedition 28 crew has also delayed to mid-September, meaning the station would be reduced to a three-person crew for a time.

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