Encyclopedia Astronautica
August 28


August 28 Chronology


1789 August 28 - .
  • William Herschel's Discovery of Saturn Moon Enceladus - . Nation: UK.

1900 August 28 - .
  • Birth of Oswald Putze - . Nation: Germany; Russia. Summary: German graduate engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union, worked on rocket engine development in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952. Worked in Manufacturing; Dept. 61/Shop 55..

1908 August 28 - .
1951 August 28 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-1. Launch Vehicle: R-1B. LV Configuration: R-1B 3.
  • Test / biology mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: Smoke container functioned; Instruments recovered..

1953 August 28 - . LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho.
  • Navaho engine reaches 890 kN thrust. - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho. Summary: At Santa Susana, Calif., a complete liquid-rocket engine assembly (Navaho) having a thrust in excess of 200,000 pounds was fired for the first time..

1956 August 28 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC3. LV Family: X-17. Launch Vehicle: X-17. LV Configuration: X-17 R-6 4203-6.
  • Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1957 August 28 - . 21:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC26A. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter. LV Configuration: Jupiter IRBM AM-2.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF; NASA Huntsville. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). The fourth Jupiter was fired from AMR at 1602 hours EST over IRBM range and was the second successful flight of the series. The range error was 27.5 nm with a 36.5 nm lateral error. Range was predicted for 146 nm. LOX was cut off at 170 seconds. All flight missions were fulfilled satisfactorily. Separation occurred 5 seconds after burnout, as programmed, This was the first test of separation of body from thrust unit.

1958 August 28 - . LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16.
  • R-16 development accelerated. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Decree 'On expansion of work on the R- 16 ICBM' was issued..

1958 August 28 - . Launch Site: Santa Barbara Channel DZ. Launch Pad: 34.2 N x 120.0 W. Launch Platform: F4D-1 747. LV Family: Project Pilot. Launch Vehicle: Project Pilot. LV Configuration: Project Pilot 6. FAILURE: One first stage motor failed to ignite, causing structural failure.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Pilot 6 - . Payload: Radiation Payload 3. Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Pilot. Decay Date: 1958-08-28 . COSPAR: F580828A. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1959 August 28 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Additional Atlas launch vehicles in support of Project Mercury. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. NASA Headquarters authorized the Space Task Group to enter into negotiations with the Air Force Ballistic Missile Division for the procurement of additional Atlas launch vehicles in support of Project Mercury. The authorization was to be incorporated into Contract No. HS-36.

1959 August 28 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NN8.72CF.
  • Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 214 km (132 mi).

1959 August 28 - . 18:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 AA3.122C.
  • Extreme ultraviolet / RPA Ionosphere / solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1960 August 28 - .
  • Birth of Dr Leroy Chiao - . Nation: USA. Summary: American chemical engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-65, STS-72, STS-92, ISS EO-10..

1961 August 28 - . LV Family: Saturn C-3; Saturn I; Saturn V.
  • NERVA facilities contract. - . Nation: USA. Program: NERVA. Summary: NASA selected Vitro Engineering Co. for negotiation of a design contract for an engine maintenance and disassembly building, one of the facilities to be a part of the National Nuclear Rocket Development Center..

1961 August 28 - . 17:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • ELF D-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1962 August 28 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Nike Zeus. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus. LV Configuration: Nike Zeus-3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1962 August 28 - . 19:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AC6.829.
  • EM Absorption Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1963 August 28 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Little Joe II. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe II 6-1-0. LV Configuration: Little Joe II-6-1-0 LJII-1 (12-50-1).
  • QTV Spacecraft test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 8.00 km (4.90 mi). The Little Joe II qualification test vehicle was launched from White Sands Missile Range, N Mexico. Its objectives were to prove the Little Joe's capability as an Apollo spacecraft test vehicle and to determine base pressures and heating on the missile. These aims were achieved. The lone failure was a malfunction in the destruct system.

1963 August 28 - . 23:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 142D.
  • ST COOL WATER II test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1964 August 28 - . 07:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena B SLV-2. LV Configuration: Thor SLV-2 Agena B 399 (TA3) / Agena B 6201. FAILURE: Agena-B cut off too early. Partial Failure.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Nimbus 1 - . Payload: Nimbus A. Mass: 376 kg (828 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Nimbus. Decay Date: 1974-05-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 872 . COSPAR: 1964-052A. Apogee: 937 km (582 mi). Perigee: 429 km (266 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 98.40 min. Returned 27,000 cloud cover images. The spacecraft carried an advanced vidicon camera system for recording and storing remote cloudcover pictures, an automatic picture transmission camera for providing real-time cloud cover pictures, and a high-resolution infrared radiometer to complement the daytime TV coverage and to measure nighttime radiative temperatures of cloud tops and surface terrain. A short second-stage burn resulted in an unplanned eccentric orbit. Otherwise, the spacecraft and its experiments operated successfully until September 22, 1964. The solar paddles became locked in position, resulting in inadequate electrical power to continue operations.

1964 August 28 - . 16:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. LV Configuration: Vostok 8A92M T15000-05.
  • Cosmos 44 - . Payload: Meteor no. 1. Mass: 4,730 kg (10,420 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor. USAF Sat Cat: 876 . COSPAR: 1964-053A. Apogee: 778 km (483 mi). Perigee: 599 km (372 mi). Inclination: 65.1000 deg. Period: 98.50 min. Summary: Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1965 August 28 - .
  • Korolev secretly puts Voskhod production on back burner. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Korolev. Program: Voskhod; Soyuz. Flight: Gemini 5; Voskhod 3; Voskhod 4; Voskhod 5; Voskhod 6; Soyuz 1; Soyuz 2A. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK; Voskhod. It is becoming clear that in order to ever get Soyuz into space it is necessary to clear all decks at OKB-1. After Voskhod-2 the Soviet manned space plans are in confusion. The Americans have flown Gemini 5, setting a new 8-day manned space endurance record - the first time the Americans are ahead in the space race. They rubbed salt into the Soviet wound by sending astronauts Cooper and Conrad on a triumphal world tour. This American success is very painful to Korolev, and contributes to his visibly deteriorating health. In the absence of any coherent instructions from the Soviet leadership, Korolev makes a final personal decision between the competing manned spacecraft priorities. Work on completing a new series of Voskhod spacecraft and conducting experiments with artificial gravity are unofficially dropped and development and construction of the new Soyuz spacecraft is accelerated. The decision is shared only with the OKB-1 shop managers. One of Korolev's "conspirators" lays on Chertok's table the resulting new Soyuz master schedule. The upper left of the drawing has the single word "Agreed" with Korolev's signature. The only other signatures are those of Gherman Semenov, Turkov and Topol - Korolev has ordered all other signature blocks removed. Chertok is enraged. The plan provides for the production of thirteen spacecraft articles for development and qualification tests by December 1965! These include articles for thermal chamber runs, aircraft drop tests, water recovery tests, SAS abort systems tests, static and vibration tests, docking system development rigs, mock-ups for zero-G EVA tests aboard the Tu-104 flying laboratory, and a full-scale mock-up to be delivered to Sergei Darevskiy for conversion to a simulator. Chertok is enraged because the plan does not include dedicating one spaceframe to use as an 'iron bird' hot mock-up on which the electrical and avionics systems can be integrated and tested. Instead two completed Soyuz spacecraft are to be delivered to OKB-1's KIS facility in December and a third in January 1966. These will have to be used for systems integrations tests there before being shipped to Tyuratam for spaceflights.

1965 August 28 - . 02:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 10S. LV Configuration: Kappa 10S K-10S-1.
  • Electron temp Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 742 km (461 mi).

1966 August 28 - . 04:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.22GA.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 323 km (200 mi).

1966 August 28 - . 04:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.286UM.
  • UM Pitot 24 / Thermo Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1966 August 28 - . 09:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Vehicle: HAD. LV Configuration: HAD 189.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1967 August 28 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.243GM.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1968 August 28 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511.
  • Cosmos 238 - . Payload: Soyuz 7K-OK s/n 9. Mass: 6,520 kg (14,370 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Soyuz. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK. Duration: 3.96 days. Decay Date: 1968-09-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 3351 . COSPAR: 1968-072A. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi). Perigee: 203 km (126 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Summary: Recovered September 1, 1968 9:03 GMT. Final test of redesigned Soyuz 7K-OK spacecraft for Soyuz 3 manned mission..

1969 August 28 - .
  • Titov flew the MiG-21 again today. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Titov. Summary: He is flying 30 hours per month now. Kamanin finds him a fine fellow with a great zest for life..

1969 August 28 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1B 1358.
  • FOT GT42B Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1970 August 28 - . LV Family: Saturn I; Saturn V.
  • Modification to contract with McDonnell Douglas for Skylab Program work. - . Nation: USA. Program: Skylab. Spacecraft: Skylab. MSFC issued a modification to an existing contract with McDonnell Douglas for Skylab Program work. The modification would pay for the conversion of the original OWS to be launched by a Saturn IB booster to a completely outfitted Workshop to be launched by a Saturn V. Originally the plan was to launch the second stage (S IVB) of a Saturn IB into Earth orbit. The S-IVB would be filled with fuel so that it could propel itself into orbit. Astronauts launched by a second Saturn IB would then rendezvous with the empty stage and convert it into living and working quarters. A decision was made 21 May 1969 to outfit an S-IVB on the ground and launch it ready for use on a Saturn V.

1970 August 28 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein Meck. Launch Vehicle: Spartan.
  • Safeguard M1-4 Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1970 August 28 - . 04:43 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.414UG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1970 August 28 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • SSTTP M1-4 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1971 August 28 - . 02:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-C. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2. LV Configuration: Titan II B-100.
  • SSTTP M2-1 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 August 28 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1973 August 28 - . 10:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 65033-201.
  • Cosmos 582 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-09-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 6802 . COSPAR: 1973-060A. Apogee: 543 km (337 mi). Perigee: 519 km (322 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Summary: Possible ELINT satellite..

1974 August 28 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC173. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 August 28 - .
1975 August 28 - . 11:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1976 August 28 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 852 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1976-09-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 9391 . COSPAR: 1976-086A. Apogee: 332 km (206 mi). Perigee: 173 km (107 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1976 August 28 - . 09:42 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 641. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • FOT-23? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1976 August 28 - . 09:43 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 641. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • FOT-23? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1978 August 28 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1979 August 28 - . 00:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 1124 - . Payload: Oko #12. Mass: 2,030 kg (4,470 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Military. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 11509 . COSPAR: 1979-077A. Apogee: 35,403 km (21,998 mi). Perigee: 4,913 km (3,052 mi). Inclination: 67.3000 deg. Period: 717.00 min. Summary: Replaced Cosmos 1030. Covered Oko constellation plane 4 - 36 degree longitude of ascending node..

1979 August 28 - . 00:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 47182-419.
  • Cosmos 1125 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 11510 . COSPAR: 1979-078A. Apogee: 795 km (493 mi). Perigee: 779 km (484 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.60 min.

1980 August 28 - . 16:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Primrose Lake. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1981 August 28 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5V.
  • Vertikal-9 Solar Ultraviolet/Solar X-ray mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1981 August 28 - . 00:03 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 641. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-7 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 August 28 - . 00:04 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 641. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-7 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 August 28 - . 00:04 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 641. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-7 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 August 28 - . 00:04 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 641. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-7 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 August 28 - . 16:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 47155-101.
  • Cosmos 1302 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 12791 . COSPAR: 1981-084A. Apogee: 796 km (494 mi). Perigee: 771 km (479 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.50 min. Summary: Replaced Cosmos 1269..

1984 August 28 - . 18:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 34B. LV Configuration: Titan 34B 34B-4 (3B-64) / Ascent Agena D.
  • USA 4 - . Payload: SDS no. 5. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: SDS. USAF Sat Cat: 15226 . COSPAR: 1984-091A. Apogee: 39,975 km (24,839 mi). Perigee: 380 km (230 mi). Inclination: 63.3000 deg. Period: 717.80 min. Summary: Satellite Data Systems 2..

1985 August 28 - . 21:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 34D. LV Configuration: Titan 34D 34D-7 (04D-6). FAILURE: Stage 1 propellant feed system failure forced premature engine shutdown.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • KH-11 no. 7 - . Payload: KH-11 no. 7. Mass: 13,300 kg (29,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-11. Decay Date: 1985-08-28 . COSPAR: F850828A. Summary: KH-11 type satellite..

1986 August 28 - . 08:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78M-2BL.
  • Cosmos 1774 - . Payload: Oko #48. Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Military. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. Decay Date: 2010-10-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 16922 . COSPAR: 1986-065A. Apogee: 36,998 km (22,989 mi). Perigee: 3,405 km (2,115 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 718.80 min. Summary: Replaced Cosmos 1547. Covered Oko constellation plane 7 - 156 degree longitude of ascending node..

1986 August 28 - . 14:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT117GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1987 August 28 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC45/1. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-2.
  • Cosmos 1873 - . Payload: Uragan boilerplate or Orlets-2 Mass Model. Mass: 15,000 kg (33,000 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: Uragan Space Interceptor. Duration: 16.00 days. Decay Date: 1987-09-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 18318 . COSPAR: 1987-071A. Apogee: 241 km (149 mi). Perigee: 175 km (108 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 88.70 min. Summary: Considered by some observors as possible spite test of Uragan space interceptor boilerplate mass model, just prior to project cancellation.
    Officially: Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space..

1988 August 28 - . 06:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: USHAKOV. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1989 August 28 - . 00:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 2037 - . Payload: Geo-IK no. 11. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: Geo-IK. USAF Sat Cat: 20196 . COSPAR: 1989-068A. Apogee: 1,524 km (946 mi). Perigee: 1,485 km (922 mi). Inclination: 73.6000 deg. Period: 116.10 min. Summary: Investigation of outer space. .

1990 August 28 - . 07:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78M-2BL.
  • Cosmos 2097 - . Payload: Oko #66. Mass: 1,900 kg (4,100 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Military. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 20767 . COSPAR: 1990-076A. Apogee: 37,021 km (23,003 mi). Perigee: 3,383 km (2,102 mi). Inclination: 66.5000 deg. Period: 718.80 min. Summary: Covered Oko constellation plane 3 - 357 degree longitude of ascending node..

1990 August 28 - . 09:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: H-1. LV Configuration: H-1 H-22(F).
  • Yuri 3A - . Payload: BS-3a. Mass: 1,115 kg (2,458 lb). Nation: Japan. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: BS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 3000. Completed Operations Date: 1998-04-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 20771 . COSPAR: 1990-077A. Apogee: 36,245 km (22,521 mi). Perigee: 36,157 km (22,466 mi). Inclination: 3.5000 deg. Period: 1,457.30 min. Japanese DBS; 110 deg E. Continuation of broadcasting services by BS-2; accommodations to increasing and diversifying demands for broadcasting; establishment of common technology necessary for broadcasting satellite. Launching organization NASDA. Launch time 0905 GMT. BS-3a 'Yuri -3a'. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 110 deg E in 1990-1998 As of 2 September 2001 located at 84.62 deg E drifting at 5.278 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 83.70W drifting at 5.275W degrees per day.

1990 August 28 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53711-240.
  • Cosmos 2098 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. USAF Sat Cat: 20774 . COSPAR: 1990-078A. Apogee: 1,747 km (1,085 mi). Perigee: 392 km (243 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 106.60 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1991 August 28 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1993 August 28 - .
  • Galileo Flyby of Asteroid Ida & Dactyl - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Galileo.

1994 August 28 - . 07:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima Y. LV Family: H-2. Launch Vehicle: H-II. LV Configuration: H-II H-II-2F. FAILURE: LAPS apogee kick motor failed to ignite. Partial Failure.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Kiku 6 - . Payload: ETS 6. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: ETS. USAF Sat Cat: 23230 . COSPAR: 1994-056A. Apogee: 38,677 km (24,032 mi). Perigee: 8,565 km (5,322 mi). Inclination: 13.2300 deg. Period: 861.84 min. Summary: Failed to reach geostationary orbit; Engineering Test Satellite; partial mission success. Also tested ion engines for NSSK..

1995 August 28 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.138NP.
  • Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1996 August 28 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE; IAE. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1997 August 28 - . 00:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2M. LV Configuration: Proton-K/DM-2M (DM3) 387-02.
  • Panamsat 5 - . Payload: PAS 5. Nation: USA. Agency: Panamsat. Manufacturer: El Segundo. Program: Panamsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 601. USAF Sat Cat: 24916 . COSPAR: 1997-046A. Apogee: 35,796 km (22,242 mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Geosynchronous. Stationed over 58.0W. Used HS-601 XIPS ion engine for station keeping. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 58 deg W in 1997-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 156.02 deg W drifting at 1.125 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 26.11E drifting at 0.002W degrees per day.

1999 August 28 - .
  • Landing of Soyuz TM-29 - . Return Crew: Afanasyev; Haignere; Avdeyev. Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Afanasyev; Haignere; Avdeyev. Program: Mir. Flight: Mir EO-27; Mir EO-26/-27. The hatch between Mir and Soyuz was closed at 18:12 GMT on August 27, 1999. Soyuz TM-29 undocked from Mir at 21:17 GMT with Afanasyev, Avdeyev and Haignere aboard. The Mir EO-27 crew landed in Kazakhstan at 00:35 GMT on August 28. Afanasyev had set a new cumulative time in space record, but for the first time since September 1989 there were no humans in space.

2000 August 28 - . 20:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2. LV Configuration: Proton-K/DM-2 401-02.
  • Raduga-1 - . Mass: 2,400 kg (5,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Raduga-1. USAF Sat Cat: 26477 . COSPAR: 2000-049A. Apogee: 35,791 km (22,239 mi). Perigee: 35,776 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,435.90 min. Raduga-1 military communications satellite initially named Cosmos 2372 by the RVSN press service. Stationed at 50 deg E. As of 5 September 2001 located at 49.25 deg E drifting at 0.048 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 45.70E drifting at 0.012W degrees per day.

2001 August 28 - . 21:48 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A ROFS-19.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2002 August 28 - . 22:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G. LV Configuration: Ariane 5G V155 (513).
  • Atlantic Bird 1 - . Mass: 2,700 kg (5,900 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: Eutelsat. Manufacturer: Alenia. Program: Eutelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Italsat. USAF Sat Cat: 27508 . COSPAR: 2002-040A. Apogee: 35,787 km (22,236 mi). Perigee: 35,786 km (22,236 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Launch delayed from August 27. Atlantic Bird was a European (EUTELSAT) geostationary communications spacecraft. The 2.7-ton (1550 kg dry with 1150 propellant), 5 kW satellite was to provide voice, video, and Internet services to Europe and the eastern part of America through its 24 transponders after being parked over 12.5 W. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 12.49W drifting at 0.006W degrees per day.
  • MSG 1 - . Mass: 2,010 kg (4,430 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: Eutelsat. Manufacturer: Alenia. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: MSG. USAF Sat Cat: 27509 . COSPAR: 2002-040B. Apogee: 35,790 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,784 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 1.8000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Launch delayed from August 27. MSG 1 (Meteosat Second Generation 1) was a European (EUMETSAT consortium) geostationary weather satellite. After first being parked over 10 E longitude for six months it was later to be moved to zero degree longitude. As of 2007 Mar 7 located at 3.50W drifting at 0.015W degrees per day.

2003 August 28 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #03-41 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Duque; Foale; Kaleri; Lu; Malenchenko. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-7. Summary: An unmanned Russian Progress vehicle successfully blasted off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan tonight to deliver almost three tons of food, fuel, water, and supplies to the residents of the International Space Station.. Additional Details: International Space Station Status Report #03-41.

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