Encyclopedia Astronautica
December 04


December 04 Chronology


1937 December 4 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Vehicle: A3. FAILURE: Engine cutoff at 6.5 seconds.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • First A3 launch - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: von Braun. Apogee: 0.10 km (0.06 mi). Range: 0.30 km (0.19 mi). First launch of an A3 rocket. New facilites being built at Peenemuende were not ready, so the A3 launches were made from the offshore island of Greifswalder Oie. The A3 launched on this day was 6.5 m long and 70 cm in diameter. The engine occupied the first 2 m of the fuselage. The missile had a 750 kg lift-off mass, including 450 kg of propellant, which was pressurised to 20 atmospheres. The 1.5 tonne thrust engine had a 1900 m/s exhaust velocity and a 45 second burn time. The parachute deployed 3 seconds after launch, and the engine cutoff at 6.5 seconds. The rocket impacted and exploded 300 m from the launch point.

1943 December 4 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende P7. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 V-073.
  • V-2 4073 - . Nation: Germany. Agency: Wehrmacht. Summary: Burnout at T+63 seconds. Flight duration 286 seconds..

1944 December 4 - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 19301.
  • V-2 278 R8 - . Nation: Germany. Summary: Planned range 369 km. No data returned but accuracy 2.2 km to the left of the planned trajectory. Circular error 76.0 km from aim point..

1945 December 4 - .
  • Birth of Roberta Lynn Bondar - . Nation: Canada. Summary: Canadian physician payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-42. Neurologist. First Canadian female astronaut. IML-1 payload specialist..

1950 December 4 - . LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Buran; Burya.
  • Research into intercontinental missile approaches authorised. - . Nation: USSR. Program: Navaho. Summary: Council of Soviet Ministers (SM) Decree 'On themes N1, N2, and N3 in the ballistic missile program.' was issued..

1951 December 4 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 70R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 December 4 - .
  • Birth of Dr Ronald Michael 'Ron' Sega - . Nation: USA. Summary: American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-60, STS-76. Was married to astronaut Bonnie Dunbar..

1952 December 4 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LA. Launch Vehicle: Lark. LV Configuration: Lark 599.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 8.00 km (4.90 mi).

1957 December 4 - .
  • Mars and Beyond televised. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Summary: The final show in the Walt Disney / Wernher Von Braun series was broadcast after the launch of Sputnik 1 but before Von Braun's own Explorer 1 was orbited. It treated a mass audience to Von Braun's plans for a manned expedition to Mars..

1957 December 4 - .
  • NASA precursor. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Eisenhower. Summary: The American Rocket Society's proposal for an Astronautical Research and Development Agency, which was presented to President Eisenhower on October 14, 1957, was announced..

1958 December 4 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Luna 8K72. LV Configuration: Vostok-L 8K72 B1-5. FAILURE: Core engines shut off at 245 seconds into the flight. Cause was a loss of lubrication to the hydrogen peroxide pump.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Luna failure - booster core shut down at T+245 seconds - . Payload: E-1 s/n 3. Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Program: Luna. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Luna E-1. COSPAR: F581204A.

1958 December 4 - . 01:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Vehicle: Aeolus. LV Configuration: Aeolus AL1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1959 December 4 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island.
  • Mercury Little Joe 2 (LJ-2) - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft: Mercury. LJ-2 was launched from Wallops Island to determine the motions of the spacecraft escape tower combination during a high-altitude abort, entry dynamics without a control system, physiological effects of acceleration on a small primate, operation of the drogue parachute, and effectiveness of the recovery operation. Telemetry was set up to record some 80 bits of information on the flight. The abort sequence was initiated by timers after 59 seconds of elapsed flight time at an altitude of about 96,000 feet and a speed of Mach 5.5. Escape motor firing occurred as planned and the spacecraft was whisked away at a speed of about Mach 6 to an apogee of 53.03 statute miles. All other sequences operated as planned, and spacecraft recovery was effected in about 2 hours from lift-off. The primate passenger, 'Sam,' an American-born rhesus monkey, withstood the trip and the recovery in good condition. All objectives of the mission were met.

1959 December 4 - . 16:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. LV Family: Little Joe. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe 1 4C. LV Configuration: Little Joe 1-4C LJ-2.
  • Spacecraft test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1960 December 4 - . 05:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg OSTF. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I V-2.
  • Mk 4 re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1960 December 4 - . 21:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-1. LV Configuration: Scout X-1 ST-3. FAILURE: Second stage malfunction.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Explorer (9) S 56 - . Payload: S-56. Mass: 6.00 kg (13.20 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft: S-56. Decay Date: 1960-12-04 . COSPAR: F601204A.

1961 December 4 - .
  • Project Apollo Statement of Work completed - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. The Project Apollo Statement of Work for development of the Apollo spacecraft was completed. A draft letter based on this Statement of Work was presented to NAA for review. A prenegotiation conference on the development of the Apollo spacecraft was held at Langley Field, Va.

1961 December 4 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Blue Scout Jr. LV Configuration: Blue Scout Jr O-2.
  • Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 44,400 km (27,500 mi).

1962 December 4 - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • First test of the Apollo main parachute system - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. The first test of the Apollo main parachute system, conducted at the Naval Air Facility, El Centro, Calif., foreshadowed lengthy troubles with the landing apparatus for the spacecraft. One parachute failed to inflate fully, another disreefed prematurely, and the third disreefed and inflated only after some delay. No data reduction was possible because of poor telemetry. North American was investigating.

1962 December 4 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C21.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 December 4 - . 00:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike. LV Configuration: HJ Nike Nike AC20.466.
  • Firefly III IVY Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1962 December 4 - . 03:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache AC5.467.
  • Firefly III ESTHER Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1962 December 4 - . 04:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike. LV Configuration: HJ Nike Nike AC20.455.
  • Firefly III DINAH Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1962 December 4 - . 07:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.67GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1962 December 4 - . 07:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 5. LV Configuration: Skylark-5 SL166.
  • Grenade / Chaff Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1962 December 4 - . 10:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Vehicle: HAD. LV Configuration: HAD 113.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1962 December 4 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena D. LV Configuration: Thor Agena D 361 / Agena D 1155.
  • KH-4 9049 - . Payload: KH-4 s/n 9049 / Agena D 1155. Mass: 1,150 kg (2,530 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-4. Decay Date: 1962-12-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 490 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Sigma-1. Apogee: 273 km (169 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 65.1000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. Summary: KH-4. Mission failed. During air catch chute tore, capsule sank..

1963 December 4 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1964 December 4 - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Battleship S-IVB second stage static-fired - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. At its Sacramento test site, Douglas Aircraft Company static-fired a "battleship" S-IVB second stage of the Saturn IB vehicle, for 10 sec. (A battleship rocket stage was roughly the vehicle's equivalent to a boilerplate spacecraft.) On January 4, 1965, after further testing of the stage's J-2 engine, the stage underwent its first full-duration firing, 480 sec.

1964 December 4 - . 11:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 300D.
  • NTMP RMV-303 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1964 December 4 - . 18:06 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun ION 64-2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1964 December 4 - . 18:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena D SLV-3. LV Configuration: SLV-3 Agena D 7105 / Agena D 7105.
  • KH 7-14 - . Payload: KH-7 no. 14 / OPS 4439. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-7. Decay Date: 1964-12-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 946 . COSPAR: 1964-079A. Apogee: 357 km (221 mi). Perigee: 158 km (98 mi). Inclination: 97.0000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. Summary: KH-7 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1965 December 4 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2.
  • Both stages of Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 6 were removed from storage and arrived at complex 19 two hours after the launch of Gemini VII. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 6; Gemini 7. Spacecraft: G5C. Spacecraft No. 6 was returned to complex 19 on December 5. Within 24 hours after the launch of Gemini VII, both stages of GLV-6 were erected, spacecraft and launch vehicle were mated, and power was applied. Subsystems Reverification Tests were completed December 8. The only major problem was a malfunction of the spacecraft computer memory. The computer was replaced and checked out December 7-8. The Simulated Flight Test, December 8-9, completed prelaunch tests. The launch, initially scheduled for December 13, was rescheduled for December 12.

1965 December 4 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC19. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II GLV. LV Configuration: Titan II GLV GT-7 / 62-12562.
  • Gemini 7 - . Call Sign: Gemini 7. Crew: Borman; Lovell. Backup Crew: Collins; White. Payload: Gemini SC7. Mass: 3,663 kg (8,075 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Borman; Lovell; Collins; White. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Gemini 6; Gemini 7. Spacecraft: Gemini. Duration: 13.77 days. Decay Date: 1965-12-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 1812 . COSPAR: 1965-100A. Apogee: 318 km (197 mi). Perigee: 217 km (134 mi). Inclination: 28.9000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. Primary objectives of the mission were demonstrating manned orbital flight for approximately 14 days and evaluating the physiological effects of a long-duration flight on the crew. Among the secondary objectives were providing a rendezvous target for the Gemini VI-A spacecraft, stationkeeping with the second stage of the launch vehicle and with spacecraft No. 6, conducting 20 experiments, using lightweight pressure suits, and evaluating the spacecraft reentry guidance capability. All objectives were successfully achieved with the exception of two experiments lost because of equipment failure. Shortly after separation from the launch vehicle, the crew maneuvered the spacecraft to within 60 feet of the second stage and stationkept for about 15 minutes. The exercise was terminated by a separation maneuver, and the spacecraft was powered down in preparation for the 14-day mission. The crew performed five maneuvers during the course of the mission to increase orbital lifetime and place the spacecraft in proper orbit for rendezvous with spacecraft No. 6. Rendezvous was successfully accomplished during the 11th day in orbit, with spacecraft No. 7 serving as a passive target for spacecraft No. 6. About 45 hours into the mission, Lovell removed his pressure suit. He again donned his suit at 148 hours, while Borman removed his. Some 20 hours later Lovell again removed his suit, and both crewmen flew the remainder of the mission without suits, except for the rendezvous and reentry phases. With three exceptions, the spacecraft and its systems performed nominally throughout the entire mission. The delayed-time telemetry playback tape recorder malfunctioned about 201hours after liftoff, resulting in the loss of all delayed-time telemetry data for the remainder of the mission. Two fuel cell stacks showed excessive degradation late in the flight and were taken off the line; the remaining four stacks furnished adequate electrical power until reentry. Two attitude thrusters performed poorly after 283 hours in the mission. Retrofire occurred exactly on time, and reentry and landing were nominal. The spacecraft missed the planned landing point by only 10.3 km miles, touching down on December 18. The crew arrived at the prime recovery ship, the aircraft carrier Wasp, half an hour later. The spacecraft was recovered half an hour after the crew.

    Far surpassing the Gemini 5 flight, Gemini 7 set a manned spaceflight endurance record that would endure for years. The incredibly boring mission, was made more uncomfortable by the extensive biosensors. This was somewhat offset by the soft spacesuits (used only once) and permission to spend most of the time in long johns. The monotony was broken just near the end by the rendezvous with Gemini 6.


1967 December 4 - . 11:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 KP3.20.
  • Ultraviolet Telescope (Venus) Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: KPNO. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1967 December 4 - . 21:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA6A. LV Family: Europa. Launch Vehicle: Europa. LV Configuration: Europa I F-6/2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Active first and second stages with dummy third stage and satellite. - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ELDO. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1967 December 4 - . 22:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL AF07.880.
  • D / E ions Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1967 December 4 - . 22:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL AF07.387.
  • D / E ions Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1968 December 4 - .
  • Soviets judge that Apollo 8 has only a 25% chance of success. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Johnson, Lyndon. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 8; Soyuz 7K-L1 mission 1. The State Commission investigating Gagarin's crash publishes it report. It found that pilot error put the aircraft into a critical situation. Kamanin judges that the Apollo 8 mission is only being flown to give US President Lyndon Johnson a triumph before he leaves office. He judges the mission has only a 25% chance of success.

1968 December 4 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC142/34. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67M.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 December 4 - . 07:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache Ferdinand 16.
  • Ferdinand 16 Aeronomy / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1968 December 4 - . 17:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1968 December 4 - . 18:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA ALF-IV-12. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968 December 4 - . 19:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ALF-3-17.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1968 December 4 - . 19:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 3B. LV Configuration: Titan IIIB 3B-20.
  • OPS 6518 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 18 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1968-12-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 3594 . COSPAR: 1968-108A. Apogee: 735 km (456 mi). Perigee: 137 km (85 mi). Inclination: 106.2000 deg. Period: 93.30 min. Summary: KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1968 December 4 - . 22:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III K-BB/III-15.
  • DLR K-BB3-15 Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1969 December 4 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.175UG.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1969 December 4 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC32B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3. LV Configuration: Minuteman 3 FTM-210. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC.

1969 December 4 - . 21:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thorad Agena D SLV-2H. LV Configuration: Thorad SLV-2H Agena D 549 / Agena D 1655.
  • KH-4B 1108 - . Payload: KH-4B s/n 1108 / Agena D 1655 / OPS 6617. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; CIA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-4B. Decay Date: 1970-01-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 4264 . COSPAR: 1969-105A. Apogee: 229 km (142 mi). Perigee: 161 km (100 mi). Inclination: 81.4000 deg. Period: 88.40 min. Summary: KH-4B. Cameras operated satisfactorily and the mission carried 811 ft of aerial color film added to the end of the film supply..

1970 December 4 - .
  • A ground-test version of the Saturn Workshop was shipped from the McDonnell Douglas facility at Huntington Beach, to the Michoud, Louisiana, Assembly Facility. - . Nation: USA. Program: Skylab. Spacecraft: Skylab. It would undergo testing there until 30 December and then would be shipped to MSC for extensive ground tests. This Workshop was a version of one that would be used in the Skylab Program to accommodate teams of three astronauts for stays of up to 56 days in Earth orbit. NASA planned to launch the Skylab cluster with a Saturn V vehicle in 1972. Called a 'dynamic test article,' the Workshop model would be tested at MSC to verify its bending and vibration characteristics. The Workshop was scheduled to arrive at Michoud 17 December and at MSC 5 January.

1971 December 4 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC13. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena D SLV-3A. LV Configuration: SLV-3A Agena D 5503A / Agena D 2804. FAILURE: First stage failure.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • AFP-827 / Canyon 4 - . Payload: Canyon 4 / Agena D. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Canyon. Decay Date: 1971-12-04 . COSPAR: F711204A.

1972 December 4 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1973 December 4 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 AMM-S2-10.
  • Oxygen profile Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1973 December 4 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53753-211.
  • Cosmos 614 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 6965 . COSPAR: 1973-098A. Apogee: 787 km (489 mi). Perigee: 751 km (466 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 100.20 min.

1973 December 4 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA NASA 19.09UA.
  • Skylab Ba+ Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 570 km (350 mi).

1973 December 4 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 AMM-S2-11.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1973 December 4 - . 22:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 AMM-S2-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1974 December 4 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1975 December 4 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-C. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2. LV Configuration: Titan II B-41.
  • DG-4 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1975 December 4 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein RN. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Castor. LV Configuration: Castor-2R.
  • Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1975 December 4 - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B AAF-NVB-01.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1975 December 4 - . 03:22 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 350. LV Configuration: Aerobee 350 CRL A35.191-1.
  • Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 286 km (177 mi).

1975 December 4 - . 05:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.410GM.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1975 December 4 - . 13:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Vehicle: Corella. LV Configuration: Corella C1002.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1975 December 4 - . 20:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 3D. LV Configuration: Titan IIID 23D-13.
  • KH-9 no. 11 - . Mass: 13,300 kg (29,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; CIA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-9. Decay Date: 1976-04-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 8467 . COSPAR: 1975-114A. Apogee: 234 km (145 mi). Perigee: 157 km (97 mi). Inclination: 96.3000 deg. Period: 88.40 min. Summary: KH-9 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • KH 9-11 Subsatellite - . Payload: SSF 9 / OPS 5547. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: SSF. Decay Date: 1978-05-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 8468 . COSPAR: 1975-114B. Apogee: 1,558 km (968 mi). Perigee: 236 km (146 mi). Inclination: 96.3000 deg. Period: 103.00 min. Summary: Not identified as a subsatellite ferret by McDowell..

1976 December 4 - . 14:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1977 December 4 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 964 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKM. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1977-12-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 10498 . COSPAR: 1977-110A. Apogee: 362 km (224 mi). Perigee: 171 km (106 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1978 December 4 - .
  • Pioneer Venus 1, Venus Orbit Insertion - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Pioneer 12.

1979 December 4 - . 15:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde. LV Configuration: AN/DMQ-9.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1980 December 4 - . 23:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Complex: Eglin A-15. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • PLACES GAIL Plasma / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia; DNA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1981 December 4 - . 09:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1329 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-12-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 12989 . COSPAR: 1981-118A. Apogee: 273 km (169 mi). Perigee: 231 km (143 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1982 December 4 - .
1983 December 4 - . 15:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde. LV Configuration: AN/DMQ-9.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1984 December 4 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 34D. LV Configuration: Titan 34D 34D-6 (04D-4).
  • USA 6 - . Payload: KH-11 no. 6. Mass: 13,000 kg (28,000 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; CIA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-11. Decay Date: 1990-12-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 15423 . COSPAR: 1984-122A. Apogee: 650 km (400 mi). Perigee: 300 km (180 mi). Inclination: 97.1000 deg. Period: 93.50 min. Summary: KH-11 type satellite. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

1984 December 4 - . 19:54 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 730. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 December 4 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1986 December 4 - . 10:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1804 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-12-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 17179 . COSPAR: 1986-095A. Apogee: 421 km (261 mi). Perigee: 198 km (123 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 90.70 min. Summary: Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1987 December 4 - . 17:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 N. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.024UH.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1988 December 4 - . 14:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde. LV Configuration: AN/DMQ-9.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1989 December 4 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 734. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5.
  • PEM-5 operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1990 December 4 - . 00:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 2107 - . Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: EORSAT. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: US-P. Decay Date: 1991-01-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 20985 . COSPAR: 1990-108A. Apogee: 416 km (258 mi). Perigee: 402 km (249 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 92.80 min. Summary: Ocean surveillance..

1990 December 4 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 2108 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 55.00 days. Decay Date: 1991-01-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 21000 . COSPAR: 1990-109A. Apogee: 289 km (179 mi). Perigee: 164 km (101 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1991 December 4 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P. LV Configuration: MT-135P-R801.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1995 December 4 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. Launch Pad: LC36 Tower. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.132UH.
  • XQC F1 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1996 December 4 - . 06:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925. LV Configuration: Delta 7925 D240.
  • Mars Pathfinder - . Payload: Discovery 2. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; JPL. Program: Discovery. Class: Mars. Type: Mars probe. Spacecraft: Mars Pathfinder. Decay Date: 1997-07-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 24667 . COSPAR: 1996-068A. Summary: En route Mars.

1997 December 4 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20?. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Arms control - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1998 December 4 - . 08:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-88.
  • STS-88 - . Call Sign: Endeavour. Crew: Cabana; Sturckow; Ross; Currie; Newman; Krikalyov. Payload: Endeavour F13. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Cabana; Sturckow; Ross; Currie; Newman; Krikalyov. Agency: NASA Houston. Manufacturer: North American. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-88. Spacecraft: Endeavour. Duration: 11.80 days. Decay Date: 1998-12-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 25549 . COSPAR: 1998-069A. Apogee: 399 km (247 mi). Perigee: 382 km (237 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.40 min. First attempted launch of STS-88 was scrubbed at 09:03 GMT on December 3 due to a problem with a hydraulic system sensor. Launch came the next day, with Endeavour entering an initial 75 km x 313 km x 51.6 degree orbit. Half an orbit after launch, at 09:19 GMT, Endeavour fired its OMS engines to raise the orbit to 180 km x 322 km x 51.6 degree.

    On December 5 at 22:25 GMT Nancy Currie unberthed the Unity space station node from the payload bay using the RMS arm. She then moved the Unity to a position docked to the Orbiter Docking System in the payload bay in readiness for assembly with the Russian-launched Zarya FGB ISS component. After rendezvous with the Zarya FGB module, on December 6 at 23:47 GMT Endeavour grappled Zarya with the robot arm, and at 02:07 GMT on December 7 it was soft docked to the PMA-1 port on Unity. After some problems hard dock was achieved at 02:48 GMT. Unity and Zarya then formed the core of the future International Space Station. Ross and Newman made three space walks to connect cables between Zarya and Unity, on December 7, 9 and 12. On the last EVA a canvas tool bag was attached to the exterior of Unity to provide tools for future station assembly workers. Docking cables were disconnected to prevent Unity and Zarya from inadvertently undocking. Following an internal examination of the embryonic space station, Endeavour undocked at 20:30 GMT on December 13. The SAC-A and Mightysat satellites were ejected from the payload bay on December 14 and 15. Deorbit burn was December 16 at 03:48 GMT, and Endeavour landed at 04:53:29 GMT, on Runway 15 at the Kennedy Space Center.

    Payloads included:

    • Sill: RMS arm No. 303
    • Bay 1-2: Tunnel Adapter 002
    • Bay 3-4: Orbiter Docking System/External Airlock (Boeing/Palmdale)
    • Bay 7-13: Unity (Node 1) (Boeing/Huntsville), including the PMA-1 and PMA-2 docking adapters (Boeing/Huntington Beach)
    • Bay 2 Port: GABA adapter with SAC-A satellite
    • Bay 4 Starboard: Carrier with Tool Stowage Assembly
    • Bay 5 Port: GABA adapter with two PFR space walk platforms and one PFR stanchion.
    • Bay 5 Starboard: GABA adapter with two more PFR space walk platforms and one PFR stanchion.
    • Bay 6 Port: GABA adapter with Mightysat
    • Bay 6 Starboard: APC carrier with TCS laser rendezvous sensor
    • Bay 7 Starboard: APC carrier with TCS laser rendezvous sensor
    • Bay 13 Port: GABA adapter with SEM-7 and G-093 canisters
    • Bay 13 Starboard: GABA adapter with IMAX Cargo Bay Camera
  • Unity - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Houston. Manufacturer: Douglas. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Spacecraft: ISS Unity. Decay Date: 1972-01-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 25575 . COSPAR: 1998-069F. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi). Perigee: 387 km (240 mi). Inclination: 51.5000 deg. Period: 92.43 min.
  • Mightysat 1 - . Mass: 320 kg (700 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: McLean. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Mightysat 1. Decay Date: 1999-11-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 25551 . COSPAR: 1998-069C. Apogee: 395 km (245 mi). Perigee: 381 km (236 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Summary: First flight of a USAF Philips Laboratory/Space Experiments Directorate ejectable technology demonstration platform. Four advanced technologies demonstrated, including composite structure, advanced solar cells, advanced electronics, and a shock device..
  • SAC-A - . Mass: 68 kg (149 lb). Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Manufacturer: INVAP. Program: SAC. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SAC-A. Decay Date: 1999-10-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 25550 . COSPAR: 1998-069B. Apogee: 398 km (247 mi). Perigee: 381 km (236 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Summary: SAC-A was to provide engineering bench testing for new space science technology instruments and equipment that will be used in a more complex spacecraft for the Argentine space program..

1999 December 4 - . 18:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island DZ. Launch Pad: 37.0 N x 72.0 W. Launch Platform: L-1011. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: Pegasus XL/HAPS. LV Configuration: Pegasus XL/HAPS F28.
  • Orbcomm FM30 - . Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Orbcomm. Manufacturer: Germantown. Program: Orbcomm. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Orbcomm. USAF Sat Cat: 25980 . COSPAR: 1999-065A. Apogee: 798 km (495 mi). Perigee: 790 km (490 mi). Inclination: 45.0000 deg. Period: 100.70 min. Summary: Seven Orbcomms launched, rather than eight as on previous flights..
  • Orbcomm FM31 - . Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Orbcomm. Manufacturer: Germantown. Program: Orbcomm. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Orbcomm. USAF Sat Cat: 25981 . COSPAR: 1999-065B. Apogee: 798 km (495 mi). Perigee: 790 km (490 mi). Inclination: 45.0000 deg. Period: 100.70 min.
  • Orbcomm FM32 - . Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Orbcomm. Manufacturer: Germantown. Program: Orbcomm. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Orbcomm. USAF Sat Cat: 25982 . COSPAR: 1999-065C. Apogee: 798 km (495 mi). Perigee: 788 km (489 mi). Inclination: 45.0000 deg. Period: 100.70 min.
  • Orbcomm FM33 - . Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Orbcomm. Manufacturer: Germantown. Program: Orbcomm. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Orbcomm. USAF Sat Cat: 25983 . COSPAR: 1999-065D. Apogee: 793 km (492 mi). Perigee: 780 km (480 mi). Inclination: 45.0000 deg. Period: 100.60 min.
  • Orbcomm FM35 - . Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Orbcomm. Manufacturer: Germantown. Program: Orbcomm. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Orbcomm. USAF Sat Cat: 25985 . COSPAR: 1999-065F. Apogee: 797 km (495 mi). Perigee: 791 km (491 mi). Inclination: 45.0000 deg. Period: 100.70 min.
  • Orbcomm FM36 - . Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Orbcomm. Manufacturer: Germantown. Program: Orbcomm. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Orbcomm. USAF Sat Cat: 25986 . COSPAR: 1999-065G. Apogee: 797 km (495 mi). Perigee: 790 km (490 mi). Inclination: 45.0000 deg. Period: 100.70 min.
  • Orbcomm FM34 - . Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Orbcomm. Manufacturer: Germantown. Program: Orbcomm. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Orbcomm. USAF Sat Cat: 25984 . COSPAR: 1999-065E. Apogee: 795 km (493 mi). Perigee: 792 km (492 mi). Inclination: 45.0000 deg. Period: 100.70 min.

2000 December 4 - . 09:16 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: SS-520. LV Configuration: SS-520 SS-520-2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 1,108 km (688 mi).

2000 December 4 - . 18:35 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-97-1 - . Crew: Tanner; Noriega. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.32 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Tanner; Noriega. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-97. Spacecraft: International Space Station. The first STS-97 spacewalk began with airlock depress and hatch open at 1831 GMT on December 3. The suits went to battery power at 1835 GMT and Joe Tanner and Carlos Noriega left the airlock around 1845 GMT. Around 1932 GMT the RMS arm berthed P6 on the Z1 truss, and the astronauts manually latched it in place by 1940 GMT. There were some problems releasing latches on the solar array wings, but the first solar array began to deploy at 0123 GMT on December 4. This was the "starboard" (+X) array, wing SAW-2B. The port (-X) array, SAW-4B, was left undeployed. The astronauts closed the hatch at 0202 GMT on Dec 4 and repressurized at 0209 GMT. The P6 PVR radiator was deployed on the +Y side of the IEA at 0414 GMT on December 4. The SAW-4B wing was deployed starting at 0052 GMT on December 5.

2001 December 4 - . 04:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minotaur. Launch Vehicle: Minotaur 2. LV Configuration: Minotaur 2 TLV-1.
  • IFT-7 GMDS target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSPC. Apogee: 1,600 km (900 mi). Summary: Instead of Lockheed Martinís Multi-Service Launch System, Orbitalís Target Launch Vehicle was used (both being versions of surplus Minuteman 2 ICBM's). The target set, a mock warhead and a single decoy, did not change..

2001 December 4 - . 05:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein Meck. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Payload Launch Vehicle. LV Configuration: Minuteman 2 PLV PLV IFT-7.
  • IFT-7 EKV ABM test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA SSDC. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi). Summary: Successful ABM intercept test, a repeat of IFT-6..

2002 December 4 - .
2003 December 4 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Complex: Mojave RW12/30. Launch Platform: W-Knight. Launch Vehicle: Tier One.
  • White Knight/SpaceShipOne Flight 42L / 10g - . Crew: Binnie. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Melvill; Siebold; Binnie. Agency: Scaled. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: SpaceShipOne. Objectives: The seventh glide flight of SpaceShipOne and new pilot check out. Full functional check of the propulsion system by cold flowing nitrous oxide. Completed airspeed and positive and negative G-envelope expansion. Results: Launch conditions were 48,400 feet and 115 knots. All propulsion components, displays and functionality performed as designed. The feather was extended after a 4G pull-up to the vertical at 24,500 feet and rudder used to induce sideslip and yaw rates while "going-over-the-top". The vehicle recovered to a stable attitude and descent after only a single oscillation. The landing pattern was flown following established procedures resulting in a satisfactory touchdown.

    Flight Time: 1.3 hours / 13 mins 14 secs White Knight Pilot: Siebold White Knight Copilot: Stinemetz White Knight Flt Engineer: SpaceShipOne Pilot: Binnie High Chase-Starship Pilot: Karkow Low Chase-Extra Pilot: Melvill / Coleman


2007 December 4 - .
  • ISS EO-16: EuTEF Gives Europe a Research Platform - . Program: ISS. Summary: The European Technology Exposure Facility, EuTEF, is holding nine experiments from European researchers. The research platform has a power supply and other features that allow the projects to operate independently from astronauts. . Additional Details: ISS EO-16: EuTEF Gives Europe a Research Platform.

2010 December 4 - . 04:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • ECOMA 7 - . Nation: Germany; Norway. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi). Summary: Meteor dust payload..

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