Encyclopedia Astronautica
December 12


December 12 Chronology


1914 December 12 - .
  • Birth of Herbert Hans Guendel - . Nation: Germany; USA. Summary: German-American engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter. German expert in guided missiles during WW2. As of January 1947, working at Fort Bliss, Texas. Died at Boston, New York..

1918 December 12 - .
  • Birth of Oleg Georgyevich Gazenko - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Russian physician. Director of IMBP 1969-1988. Performed early work on space medicine..

1942 December 12 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende P7. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 V-009. FAILURE: Steam generator explosion at T+4 seconds. Range 0.1 km.
1944 December 12 - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 19855. FAILURE: Exploded above pad.
  • V-2 Ma323 293 Q2 - . Nation: Germany. Agency: Wehrmacht. Summary: Planned range 250 km. .

1946 December 12 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wac. Launch Vehicle: WAC B. LV Configuration: WAC B 25.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 49 km (30 mi).

1946 December 12 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wac. Launch Vehicle: WAC B. LV Configuration: WAC B 24.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

1948 December 12 - .
  • Birth of Abdul Moshin Hamad Al-Bassam - . Nation: Saudi Arabia. Summary: Saudi Air Force pilot, alternate payload specialist to Al-Saud for STS-51G in April 1985. Graduated from King Faisal Air Academy, Riyadh. RSAF attache at the Saudi embassy in London..

1950 December 12 - .
1950 December 12 - . 07:04 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Pad: ALA1. LV Family: Viking. Launch Vehicle: Viking. LV Configuration: Viking 6. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Viking 6 Ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi). Summary: Upper-air pressure, density and composition; solar radiation; ionosphere research. Fin tore loose. Launched at 0004 local time. Reached 64.8 km..

1950 December 12 - . 18:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1 USAF 9.
  • UM T / p Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi). Summary: Pressure, temperature research. Launched at 1126 local time. Reached 108.2 km..

1951 December 12 - .
  • Birth of Dr Steven Alan Hawley - . Nation: USA. Summary: American astronomer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41-D, STS-61-C, STS-31, STS-82, STS-93. Was married to astronaut Sally Ride..

1952 December 12 - . 19:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1 USAF 33.
  • Colorado / UVS? Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi). Summary: Solar radiation research. Launched at 1238 local time. Reached 88.5 km..

1953 December 12 - .
  • X-1A Flight 10 - . Crew: Yeager. Payload: X-1A flight 10. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Yeager. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: X-1A. Summary: AF flight 4. Plane attained mach 2.44, but met violent instability above mach 2.3. Tumbled 15250 m, wound up in subsonic inverted spin. Yeager recovered to upright spin, then normal flight at 7625 m..

1954 December 12 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 3272T.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 December 12 - .
  • X-1E Flight 2 - . Crew: Walker, Joseph. Payload: X-1E flight 2. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Walker, Joseph. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: X-1E. Summary: NACA flight 1. Glide flight for pilot check-out and low speed evaluation..

1957 December 12 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee. LV Configuration: Aerobee SM1.07.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1958 December 12 - .
  • Mercury technical proposal assessment - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Summary: Space Task Group personnel began technical assessment of manned spacecraft development proposals submitted by industry. Charles Zimmermann headed the technical assessment team..

1959 December 12 - .
  • Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space - . Nation: International. The General Assembly of the United Nations unanimously approved Resolution 1472 (XIV), establishing the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space to replace the Ad Hoc Committee. There were no meetings of the Committee until November 27, 1961, because of failure to agree on the composition of the Committee.

1959 December 12 - .
  • Birth of Scott Duane Vangen - . Nation: USA. Summary: American engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1993-1995..

1959 December 12 - . 17:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I C-3. FAILURE: Exploded just above pad. Failed Stage: 1.
  • RVX-3 Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi). Summary: First Titan ICBM launching testing second stage was unsuccessful at AMR..

1960 December 12 - . 22:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.08GE.
  • Magnetic fields Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,140 km (700 mi).

1961 December 12 - . 20:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC11. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F. LV Configuration: Atlas F 5F. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Research and development / Pod 24 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1961 December 12 - . 20:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena B. LV Configuration: Thor Agena B 325 / Agena B 1119.
  • Discoverer 36 - . Payload: KH-3 s/n 9029 / Agena B 1119. Mass: 1,150 kg (2,530 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-3. Decay Date: 1962-03-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 213 . COSPAR: 1961-A-Kappa-1. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi). Perigee: 131 km (81 mi). Inclination: 89.5000 deg. Period: 87.50 min. Summary: KH-3; film capsule recovered 4.1 days later. Best mission to date..
  • Oscar 1 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft: Oscar. Decay Date: 1962-01-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 214 . COSPAR: 1961-A-Kappa-2. Apogee: 474 km (294 mi). Perigee: 245 km (152 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 91.80 min. The first Oscar Phase I amateur satellite was launched piggyback with Discover 36. A group of enthusiasts in California formed Project OSCAR and persuaded the United States Air Force to replace ballast on the Agena upper stage with the 4.5 kg OSCAR I package. The satellite was box shaped with a single monopole antenna and battery powered. The 140 mW transmitter onboard discharged its batteries after three weeks. 570 Amateurs in 28 countries reported receiving its simple 'HI-HI' morse code signals on the VHF 2 meter band (144.983 MHz) until January 1, 1962. The speed of the HI-HI message was controlled by a temperature sensor inside the spacecraft. OSCAR I re-entered the atmosphere January 31, 1962 after 312 revolutions. Additional Details: Oscar 1.

1962 December 12 - .
  • Apollo spacecraft systems modifications to achieve a 100-day Earth- orbital capability. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Maynard. Spacecraft: Apollo X. Owen E. Maynard, Head of MSC's Spacecraft Integration Branch, reported on his preliminary investigation of the feasibility of modifying Apollo spacecraft systems to achieve a 100-day Earth- orbital capability. His investigation examined four basic areas: (1) mission, propulsion, and flight time; (2) rendezvous, reentry, and landing; (3) human factors; and (4) spacecraft command and communications. Although modifications to some systems might be extensive- and would involve a considerable weight increase for the vehicle-such a mission using Apollo hardware was indeed feasible.

1962 December 12 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C24.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 December 12 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C25.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 December 12 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1962 December 12 - . 11:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 161D.
  • NTMP K-6 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1962 December 12 - . 12:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Nike Zeus. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus. LV Configuration: Nike Zeus-3.
  • K-6 Atlas Intercept - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1962 December 12 - . 23:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike. LV Configuration: HJ Nike Nike AC20.456.
  • Firefly III NETTY Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1963 December 12 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/3. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Military training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1963 December 12 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: EAG-154. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3X-46. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1963 December 12 - . 08:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8L. LV Configuration: Kappa 8L K-8L-2.
  • Aeronomy / Fields mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1963 December 12 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 AD3.513.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Mon / XR / RPA Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 325 km (201 mi).

1963 December 12 - . 19:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Vehicle: HAD. LV Configuration: HAD 122.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1963 December 12 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2. LV Configuration: Titan II N-29.
  • Research and development / Pod T test / plume study mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1964 December 12 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena D SLV-3.
  • Gemini Program Office (GPO) reported that it had initiated contractual action to delete the eighth Agena from the Gemini Agena target vehicle program. - . Nation: USA. Summary: On March 6, 1965, GPO reported its decision to eliminate the seventh Agena as well..

1964 December 12 - .
  • Birth of Kenneth Todd Ham - . Nation: USA. Summary: American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-124, STS-132..

1965 December 12 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2.
  • Gemini 6 launch aborted. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 6. The scheduled launch of Gemini VI-A was aborted when the Master Operations Control Set automatically shut down the Gemini launch vehicle a second after engine ignition because an electrical umbilical connector separated prematurely. The launch was canceled at 9:54 a.m., e.s.t. Emergency procedures delayed raising the erector until 11:28, so the crew was not removed until 11:33 a.m. Launch was rescheduled for December 15. Routine analysis of the engine data, begun immediately after shutdown, revealed decaying thrust in one first stage engine subassembly before shutdown had been commanded. The problem was diagnosed as a restriction in the gas generator circuit of the subassembly, which would have caused shutdown about 1 second later than it actually occurred as a result of the umbilical disconnect. Source of the restriction proved to be a protective dust cap inadvertently left in place in the gas generator oxidizer injector inlet port. The anomalies were corrected and recycling, based on long-prepared contingency plans, proceeded without incident through launch on December 15.

1965 December 12 - .
  • Gemini 6 pad abort - . Nation: USA. Program: Gemini. Flight: Gemini 6; Gemini 7. Summary: The Titan 2 engines shut down a moment after ignition. The fault that caused the Titan to shut down saved the astronaut's lives; the quick thinking of the astronauts in not pulling the abort handles saved the mission..

1965 December 12 - . 04:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache CRL AE5.172.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1966 December 12 - . 17:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1966 December 12 - . 19:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ALF-3-18.
  • Neutral density Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1966 December 12 - . 20:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 135 - . Payload: DS-U2-MP s/n 1. Mass: 355 kg (782 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Micrometeoroid satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U2-MP. Completed Operations Date: 1967-04-12 . Decay Date: 1967-04-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 2612 . COSPAR: 1966-112A. Apogee: 648 km (402 mi). Perigee: 253 km (157 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 93.60 min. Summary: Studied cosmic dust particles in near-Earth space..

1967 December 12 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1967 December 12 - . 21:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.249GM.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1968 December 12 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: Spiral 50-50.
  • Kamanin catalogues the reasons the Soviet Union is losing the moon race - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Biryuzov; Ustinov. Program: Lunar L1; Lunar L3. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-LOK; LK; Soyuz 7K-L1.
    • Fighting between the VVS and its 'enemies' (Ustinov etc.)
    • No single state organisation is responsible for civilian spaceflight.
    • Various entities are responsible for various aspects of military spaceflight (RSVN, VMF, General Staff, VVS). Kamanin notes that the state has poured 10 billion roubles into the N1 without visible effect. He believes reusable systems are needed to reduce the cost of spaceflight. The death of General Biryuzov in a plane crash meant that the Soviet Union lost a strong supporter of a robust military space program.
    • Kamanin believes the VVS should be in charge of piloted spacecraft, not the RVSN.
    • Furthermore the entire design approach to manned spacecraft is incorrect -- what is needed is piloted spacecraft, not cosmonauts flying as passengers in automated spacecraft. The result of the automated philosophy was that the Soyuz was not man-rated until 1968. While the qualification process was going on, the American Gemini flew ten times. The Apollo-Saturn V has flown twice, while the L3 was still just a mock-up. In effect, the Soviet Union gave the Americans a two to three year lead, allowing them to beat the Russians.

1968 December 12 - . 02:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL AH07.887.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1968 December 12 - . 18:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Vehicle: Aero High. LV Configuration: Aero High AH1005/3.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1968 December 12 - . 22:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thorad Agena D SLV-2G. LV Configuration: Thorad SLV-2G Agena D 527 / Agena D 1648.
  • KH-4A 1049 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1049 / Agena D 1648 / OPS 4740. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; CIA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1968-12-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 3604 . COSPAR: 1968-112A. Apogee: 248 km (154 mi). Perigee: 169 km (105 mi). Inclination: 81.0000 deg. Period: 88.70 min. Summary: KH-4A. Degraded film.
  • OPS 7684 - . Payload: EHH C1. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: SSF. USAF Sat Cat: 3605 . COSPAR: 1968-112xx. Apogee: 1,466 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,378 km (856 mi). Inclination: 80.4000 deg. Period: 114.30 min.
  • SRV 751 - . Payload: SRV 1049-1 / OPS 7684. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Spacecraft: KH-4A. USAF Sat Cat: 3605 . COSPAR: 1968-112B. Apogee: 1,466 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,380 km (850 mi). Inclination: 80.4000 deg. Period: 114.30 min. Summary: ABM monitoring..

1969 December 12 - .
  • HL-10 Flight 31 - . Crew: Dana. Payload: HL-10 flight 31. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Dana. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: HL-10. Summary: Maximum Speed - 1401 kph. Maximum Altitude - 24370 m. Flight Time - 428 sec..

1969 December 12 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC142/34. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 December 12 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas/Trident F. LV Configuration: Atlas F/Trident 93F.
  • RMP-B-14 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,400 km (800 mi).

1969 December 12 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL AH07.682.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1970 December 12 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC142/34. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • RVSN Command operational test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 December 12 - . 10:53 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout B. LV Configuration: Scout B S175C.
  • Explorer 42 - . Payload: SAS A. Mass: 143 kg (315 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Program: Explorer. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: SAS. Decay Date: 1979-04-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 4797 . COSPAR: 1970-107A. Apogee: 570 km (350 mi). Perigee: 521 km (323 mi). Inclination: 3.0000 deg. Period: 95.50 min. Summary: Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1970 December 12 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M V149-39.
  • Cosmos 385 - . Mass: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Tsiklon. USAF Sat Cat: 4799 . COSPAR: 1970-108A. Apogee: 980 km (600 mi). Perigee: 973 km (604 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Summary: Military navigation satellite..

1970 December 12 - . 13:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou Diamant. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Diamant B. LV Configuration: Diamant B No. 2.
  • Peole - . Mass: 70 kg (154 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Peole. Decay Date: 1980-06-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 4801 . COSPAR: 1970-109A. Apogee: 750 km (460 mi). Perigee: 634 km (393 mi). Inclination: 15.0000 deg. Period: 98.60 min. Summary: Gathered data from meteorological balloon system. .

1972 December 12 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF26. Launch Pad: LF26?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • OT GT20GB operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 December 12 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF25. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • OT GT19GB operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 December 12 - . 06:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 2-04 - . Payload: Molniya-2. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Molniya-2. Decay Date: 1975-01-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 6308 . COSPAR: 1972-098A. Apogee: 39,284 km (24,409 mi). Perigee: 507 km (315 mi). Inclination: 65.3000 deg. Period: 706.40 min. Summary: Continued operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio-communication system; transmission of USSR central television programmes to stations in the Orbita network and international cooperation. .

1972 December 12 - . 23:54 GMT - .
  • EVA Apollo 17-1 - . Crew: Cernan; Schmitt. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.30 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Cernan; Schmitt. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar lander. Flight: Apollo 17. Spacecraft: Apollo LM. Summary: Explored lunar surface near LM and deployed ALSEP unmanned scientific station equipment..

1973 December 12 - .
  • Kamanin makes his first diary entry in two years. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Khrushchev; Brezhnev; Ustinov. Program: Salyut. Since Soyuz 11 and his subsequent 'retirement', the Soviet Union has launched two space stations that failed in orbit, and made only one two-day Soyuz flight. Meanwhile the Americans had run successfully their entire Skylab program. The fourth N1 exploded on 23 November 1972. Ustinov has thrown away tens of billions of roubles on that useless project. Soyuz 13 landed yesterday - the first Soviet manned spaceflight not under Kamanin's command. Khrushchev made many mistakes, but Brezhnev continues to make even more. Kamanin feels his country is however not fit for democracy, that it needs discipline - otherwise there will be anarchy.

1973 December 12 - .
  • X-24 Flight 35 - . Crew: Manke. Payload: X-24B flight 7. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Manke. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: X-24B. Summary: Maximum Speed - 1038 kph. Maximum Altitude - 19080 m. Flight Time - 434 sec..

1973 December 12 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1974 December 12 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Vehicle: Temp-2S.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 December 12 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Vehicle: Temp-2S.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1975 December 12 - . 05:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg PLC-C. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Ute Tomahawk CRL A09.406-1.
  • ESCAPE II (Sphere) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFSC. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1975 December 12 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 785 - . Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: RORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military naval surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: US-A. Decay Date: 1976-02-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 8480 . COSPAR: 1975-116C. Apogee: 1,004 km (623 mi). Perigee: 907 km (563 mi). Inclination: 65.1000 deg. Period: 104.20 min. Summary: Ocean surveillance; nuclear powered; failed immediately after reaching orbit..

1976 December 12 - . LV Family: Energia. Launch Vehicle: Energia.
  • Buran draft project completed. - . Nation: USSR. Program: Buran. Spacecraft: Buran. Summary: The MKS draft project was completed on 12 December 1976.The military assigned the system the index number 1K11K25 and the launch vehicle the article number 11K25..

1977 December 12 - .
  • Start modification of Enterprise for ground vibe tests - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: Enterprise. Summary: Start removal for mated vertical ground vibration test modification at Edwards, Enterprise (OV-101).

1977 December 12 - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C-3-2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1977 December 12 - . 09:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 966 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1977-12-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 10510 . COSPAR: 1977-115A. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated science capsule..
  • Nauka Cosmos 966 - . Payload: Nauka. Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Spacecraft: Nauka. Decay Date: 1978-01-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 10538 . COSPAR: 1977-115D. Apogee: 276 km (171 mi). Perigee: 198 km (123 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.24 min.

1978 December 12 - . 15:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1979 December 12 - . 01:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.338UE.
  • UM Airglow payload Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1979 December 12 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1147 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-12-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 11638 . COSPAR: 1979-102A. Apogee: 377 km (234 mi). Perigee: 192 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1980 December 12 - . 01:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Energy Budget Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1980 December 12 - . 01:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Energy Budget Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1980 December 12 - . 07:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Energy Budget Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1980 December 12 - . 17:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Siple. Launch Complex: Siple RAG. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.203UE.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi).

1980 December 12 - . 23:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Complex: Eglin A-15. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • PLACES JAN Plasma / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia; DNA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1980 December 12 - . 23:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Complex: Eglin A-15. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • PLACES PPPE Plasma / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia; DNA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1981 December 12 - . Launch Site: Tawiwa. Launch Vehicle: Otrag. LV Configuration: 1 x 2.5 tonne thrust.
  • Otrag Flight 10 - . Nation: Germany. Agency: OTRAG. Summary: TV onboard camera test.

1983 December 12 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1984 December 12 - . 10:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E. LV Configuration: Atlas E 39E / Star-37S-ISS.
  • NOAA 9 - . Payload: NOAA F. Mass: 1,712 kg (3,774 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NOAA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Advanced Tiros N. USAF Sat Cat: 15427 . COSPAR: 1984-123A. Apogee: 855 km (531 mi). Perigee: 833 km (517 mi). Inclination: 99.1000 deg. Period: 101.80 min. Summary: Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

1985 December 12 - . 15:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1707 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 52. Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 16326 . COSPAR: 1985-113A. Apogee: 623 km (387 mi). Perigee: 596 km (370 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.90 min. Summary: Replaced Cosmos 1515..

1986 December 12 - . 18:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78M-2BL.
  • Cosmos 1806 - . Payload: Oko #52. Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Military. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 17213 . COSPAR: 1986-098A. Apogee: 32,850 km (20,410 mi). Perigee: 7,495 km (4,657 mi). Inclination: 67.9000 deg. Period: 717.60 min. Summary: Replaced Cosmos 1729. Covered Oko constellation plane 5 - 73 degree longitude of ascending node..

1986 December 12 - . 21:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion SSC S41L.
  • Aureld-VIP-LOW Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1987 December 12 - . 05:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1900 - . Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: RORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military naval surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: US-A. USAF Sat Cat: 18665 . COSPAR: 1987-101A. Apogee: 735 km (456 mi). Perigee: 696 km (432 mi). Inclination: 66.1000 deg. Period: 99.10 min. Summary: Ocean surveillance; nuclear powered..
  • Cosmos 1900 - . Nation: USSR. Agency: UNKS. Program: RORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military naval surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: US-A. COSPAR: 1987-101xx. Summary: Ocean surveillance; nuclear powered..

1990 December 12 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1994 December 12 - .
  • Death of Stuart Allen 'Stu' Roosa at Falls Church, Virginia. Natural causes - Viral pneumonia, a complication of pancreatitis. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Roosa. Summary: American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Apollo 14..

1998 December 12 - .
  • STS-88 Mission Status Report # 20 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Jernigan; Newman; Ross. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-88. Summary: Endeavour's astronauts awoke at 10:36 a.m. CST today, to the sounds of Elvis Presley's "Hound Dog," and began preparing for the third and final scheduled space walk of the mission.. Additional Details: STS-88 Mission Status Report # 20.

1999 December 12 - . 17:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2G. LV Configuration: Titan II SLV 23G-8 / M68B-44 + M68B-94.
  • USA 147 - . Payload: DMSP 5D-3 F-15. Mass: 1,154 kg (2,544 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: RCA. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: DMSP Block 5D-3. USAF Sat Cat: 25991 . COSPAR: 1999-067A. Apogee: 846 km (525 mi). Perigee: 830 km (510 mi). Inclination: 98.5000 deg. Period: 101.70 min. Summary: First launch of the Block 5D-3 military weather satellite. Satellite F-15 was placed in an initial suborbital trajectory. The Star 37S kick motor on the satellite fired 13 minutes after launch for orbit insertion..

2000 December 12 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC20. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki LiteStar.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SPFLA. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2001 December 12 - . 05:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: Prithvi. Launch Vehicle: Prithvi.
  • Prithvi-2 test - . Nation: India. Agency: IDRDL. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2003 December 12 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #03-63 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Foale; Kaleri; Walz. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-8. Summary: Aboard the International Space Station this week the Expedition 8 crew served as scientists, engineers, mechanics and investigators as it approaches two months of life in space aboard the orbiting outpost.. Additional Details: International Space Station Status Report #03-63.

2006 December 12 - .
2007 December 12 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 12/12/07 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Love; Malenchenko; Tani; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-1. Dan Tani continued his work on the MSG (Microgravity Science Glovebox) facility.

    After wakeup and before breakfast, FE-2 Dan Tani again accessed the SLEEP experiment (Sleep-Wake Actigraphy & Light Exposure during Spaceflight) software for data logging and completing questionnaire entries in the experiment's laptop session file on the HRF-1 laptop for later downlink. (To monitor the crewmember's sleep/wake patterns and light exposure, Dan wears a special Actiwatch device which measures the light levels encountered by him as well as his patterns of sleep and activity throughout the Expedition. The log entries are done within 15 minutes of final awakening for seven consecutive days, as part of the crew's discretionary 'job jar' task list.) Additional Details: ISS On-Orbit Status 12/12/07.


2010 December 12 - . 06:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 12.
  • NASA 40.026UE - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Summary: Aurora payload..
  • MICROG 1A - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi). Summary: Microgravity payload..

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