Encyclopedia Astronautica
December 14


December 14 Chronology


1896 December 14 - .
  • Birth of James H Doolittle - . Nation: USA. Summary: American officer. Noted aviator 1917-1940, led one-way raid on Tokyo in 1942. Post-WW2 through to Sputnik served on scientific advisory boards that shaped US space policy..

1903 December 14 - .
  • Birth of Semyon Ariyevich Kosberg - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Russian chief designer. Chief Designer 1941-1965 of OKB-154. Led work on engines for ICBMs and launchers..

1913 December 14 - .
1924 December 14 - .
  • Birth of Frank J Dore - . Nation: USA. Summary: American engineer, prominent manager in the Atlas program, very important in the early years as a performance analyst and project point man. NASA credited him with for convincing them that the Atlas would do the Mercury mission..

1936 December 14 - .
1944 December 14 - . Launch Site: V-2 Battery 836. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • V-2 launched at Antwerp - . Nation: Germany. Agency: Wehrmacht. Summary: Battery 3./836 sets up operations near Hachenburg - target: Antwerp..

1945 December 14 - .
  • X-2 rocket airplane development starts. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: X-2. Summary: AAF contracted with Bell for development of three supersonic flight research aircraft, powered by liquid rockets. Designated XS-2, and later X-2..

1948 December 14 - .
  • Robert H. Goddard Chairs established - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Jet Propulsion Centers established at Princeton University and the California Institute of Technology by the Daniel and Florence Guggenheim Foundation to provide research facilities and graduate training for qualified young scientists and engineers in rocketry and astronautics. Robert H. Goddard Chairs were established at each center.

1951 December 14 - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman SLED. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: MX-775.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 December 14 - .
  • Birth of Steven Glenwood MacLean - . Nation: Canada. Summary: Canadian physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-52, STS-115. Selected Aug 1996; he had been PayloadSpecialist on STS-52 Mission LAGEOS-2 (responsible for the Space Visions System)..

1954 December 14 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Honest John. LV Configuration: Honest John M-62A-RM.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 December 14 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • B-58 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 December 14 - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Platform: F-86D. Launch Vehicle: Rockaire. LV Configuration: Rockaire RA-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 42 km (26 mi).

1957 December 14 - .
  • Military-Industrial Commission (VPK) is created. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Central Committee and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On creation of the Military-Industrial Commission on the basis of the Special Committee of the Council of Ministers and on change of the defence industry system from ministries to State Committees'.

1958 December 14 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • NIIP-A Target - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 December 14 - .
  • Seamans briefed on the lunar orbit rendezvous method - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Seamans. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM; LM Mode Debate; LM Source Selection. Associate Administrator of NASA Robert C. Seamans, Jr., and his staff were briefed by Langley Research Center personnel on the rendezvous method as it related to the national space program. Clinton E. Brown presented an analysis made by himself and Ralph W. Stone, Jr., describing the general operational concept of lunar orbit rendezvous for the manned lunar landing. The advantages of this plan in contrast with the earth orbit rendezvous method, especially in reducing launch vehicle requirements, were illustrated. Others discussing the rendezvous were John C. Houbolt, John D. Bird, and Max C. Kurbjun.

1960 December 14 - .
1960 December 14 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-B. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Kiva/Hopi.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1960 December 14 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-B. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Kiva/Hopi.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1960 December 14 - . 16:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.06GA.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1961 December 14 - .
  • Mercury spacecraft to be a test bed for more ambitious space programs. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Summary: Walter C. Williams told a University of Houston audience at Houston, Texas, that the Mercury spacecraft had served and would continue to serve as a test bed for developing orbital flight techniques and hardware for more ambitious space programs..

1961 December 14 - . 07:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 2. LV Configuration: Trailblazer 2 TB IIa.
  • Trailblazer IIa re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi). NASA fired a four-stage solid-fuel Trailblazer rocket from Wallops Station, Virginia, in the first of a series of reentry tests. Two stages boosted the rocket to 167 miles; then the other two drove the nose cone down through the atmosphere at 14,000 miles per hour.

1961 December 14 - . 10:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Vehicle: HAD. LV Configuration: HAD 103.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1961 December 14 - . 20:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Nike Zeus. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • PM-5 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1961 December 14 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Nike Zeus. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Hercules intercept - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1962 December 14 - .
1962 December 14 - . 18:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.9 N x 117.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-12-22.
  • X-15A VO Stab, UVP Test/Ultraviolet Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 43 km (26 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 6021 kph. Maximum Altitude - 43100 m..

1962 December 14 - . 20:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun Ferdinand 2.
  • Ferdinand 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1962 December 14 - . 21:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena D. LV Configuration: Thor Agena D 368 / Agena D 1156.
  • KH-4 9050 - . Payload: KH-4 s/n 9050 / Agena D 1156. Mass: 1,150 kg (2,530 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-4. Decay Date: 1963-01-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 505 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Phi-1. Apogee: 386 km (239 mi). Perigee: 200 km (120 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Summary: KH-4; film capsule recovered 4.1 days later. Best mission to date..

1964 December 14 - .
  • Apollo LM to provide six recharges and three batteries to the portable life support system - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: A7L. Summary: ASPO's Operations Planning Division directed Grumman to provide six recharges of the portable life support system (PLSS) and three PLSS batteries (rechargeable and replaceable)..

1965 December 14 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: R-7A.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,350 km (830 mi).

1965 December 14 - . 12:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-6.
  • ESRO C06 / 1 Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1965 December 14 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1A 516.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 December 14 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511. LV Configuration: Soyuz 11A511 U15000-01. FAILURE: Erroneous firing of launch escape tower ignited launch vehicle on the pad.. Failed Stage: P.
  • Soyuz 7K-OK s/n 2 - . Payload: Soyuz 7K-OK (A) s/n 1. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: Soyuz. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK. COSPAR: F661214A. Second attempted flight of Soyuz 7K-OK (the spacecraft planned for the linkup with Ksomos 133). An analogue to Mercury Redstone's 'day we launched the tower' but with more disastorous consequences. The core stage ignited, but the strap-ons did not. A booster shutdown was commanded. The service towers were brought back around the booster, and ground crew began work to defuel the launch vehicle. At 27 minutes after the original launch attempt, the Soyuz launch escape system, having received the signal that liftoff had occurred, detected that the booster was not on course (either because a tower arm nudged the booster or because the earth's rotation as detected by the gyros had moved the spacecraft out of limits relative to its original inertial position). The launch escape system ignited, pulling the Soyuz away from the booster, igniting the third stage fuel tanks, leading to an explosion that severely damaged the pad and killed at least one person (the Soviet Rocket Forces major supervising the launch team) and injured many others.

1966 December 14 - . 06:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7C. LV Configuration: Skylark-7C SL581A.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1966 December 14 - . 08:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 CRL AF3.615.
  • Auroral ionosphere Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1966 December 14 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NRL NB3.194.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1966 December 14 - . 18:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 3B. LV Configuration: Titan IIIB 3B-3.
  • OPS 8968 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 03 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1966-12-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 2618 . COSPAR: 1966-113A. Apogee: 392 km (243 mi). Perigee: 147 km (91 mi). Inclination: 109.5000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. Summary: KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1966 December 14 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta G. LV Configuration: Thor Delta G 471/D43.
  • Biosatellite 1 - . Payload: Biosat 1. Mass: 425 kg (936 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Ames. Class: Biology. Type: Biology satellite. Spacecraft: Biosatellite. Decay Date: 1967-02-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 2631 . COSPAR: 1966-114C. Apogee: 309 km (192 mi). Perigee: 295 km (183 mi). Inclination: 33.5000 deg. Period: 90.40 min. Reentry into the Earth's atmosphere was not achieved because the retrorocket failed to ignite. The biosatellite was never recovered. Although the scientific objectives of the mission were not accomplished, the Biosatellite I experience provided technical confidence in the program because of excellent performance in most other areas.

1967 December 14 - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Apollo schedule decisions - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Phillips, Samuel. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM. Apollo Program Director Samuel C. Phillips wrote the manned space flight Centers of Apollo schedule decisions. In a September 20 meeting at MSC to review the Apollo test flight program, MSC had proposed a primary test flight plan including

    1. the addition of a second unmanned LM flight,
    2. addition of a third unmanned Saturn V flight, and
    3. addition of a new' primary mission, a lunar orbital mission.
    Phillips now wrote that decisions had been made to accommodate MSC's first two proposals into the mainline Apollo flight mission assignment. In addition, the proposal for the lunar orbital mission would be included in the Apollo flight mission assignments as an alternate to a landing mission.

1967 December 14 - . 08:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL AH08.665.
  • Release / Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1967 December 14 - . 08:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL AG07.631.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1968 December 14 - . 05:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 259 - . Payload: DS-U2-I s/n 3. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U2-I. Completed Operations Date: 1969-05-05 . Decay Date: 1969-05-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 3612 . COSPAR: 1968-113A. Apogee: 1,331 km (827 mi). Perigee: 215 km (133 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 100.20 min. Summary: Studied the influence of the ionosphere on passing VLF radio waves..

1968 December 14 - . 15:08 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.352UA.
  • Pandora G Aeronomy / meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1969 December 14 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.446CM.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 217 km (134 mi).

1970 December 14 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAD-VB-30.
  • Geminids Ionosphere / meteorites mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1970 December 14 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC32B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3. LV Configuration: Minuteman 3 STM-2.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1971 December 14 - . 12:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark 2 S82.
  • ESRO S82/2 Meteorites mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1971 December 14 - . 12:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thorad Agena D SLV-2G. LV Configuration: Thorad SLV-2G Agena D 568.
  • OPS 7898 P/L 1 - . Payload: NRL PL171 / OPS 7898. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Spacecraft: NOSS. USAF Sat Cat: 5678 . COSPAR: 1971-110A. Apogee: 999 km (620 mi). Perigee: 983 km (610 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Summary: Ocean surveillance; White Cloud (?) type spacecraft; test flight. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • OPS 7898 P/L 3 - . Payload: NRL PL173 / OPS 7898. Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Spacecraft: NOSS. USAF Sat Cat: 5681 . COSPAR: 1971-110D. Apogee: 997 km (619 mi). Perigee: 982 km (610 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Summary: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • OPS 7898 P/L 2 - . Payload: NRL PL172 / OPS 7898. Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Spacecraft: NOSS. USAF Sat Cat: 5680 . COSPAR: 1971-110C. Apogee: 999 km (620 mi). Perigee: 983 km (610 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Summary: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • OPS 7898 P/L 4 - . Payload: NRL PL174 / OPS 7898. Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Spacecraft: NOSS. USAF Sat Cat: 5682 . COSPAR: 1971-110E. Apogee: 997 km (619 mi). Perigee: 981 km (609 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Summary: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1971 December 14 - . 15:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 24.0 N x 53.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1972 December 14 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1972 December 14 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1972 December 14 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1972 December 14 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1972 December 14 - . 13:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 538 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4M. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1972-12-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 6311 . COSPAR: 1972-099A. Apogee: 283 km (175 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 65.4000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1972 December 14 - . 22:25 GMT - .
  • EVA Apollo 17-3 - . Crew: Cernan; Schmitt. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.30 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Cernan; Schmitt. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar lander. Flight: Apollo 17. Spacecraft: Apollo LRV. Summary: Drove in lunar rover to North Massif..

1973 December 14 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • SSTTP M2-20A Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1974 December 14 - . 09:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1975 December 14 - . 05:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 3C. LV Configuration: Titan IIIC 23C-11 (3C-29).
  • IMEWS 5 - . Payload: DSP Phase 2 s/n 7 / OPS 3165. Mass: 1,040 kg (2,290 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Military. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: DSP. Completed Operations Date: 1987-12-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 8482 . COSPAR: 1975-118A. Apogee: 35,785 km (22,235 mi). Perigee: 35,671 km (22,164 mi). Inclination: 3.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. Summary: Second generation geosynchronous ballistic missile launch detection satellite, remained in service for over twelve years. As of 1982 Dec 16 located at 34.61E drifting at 0.823E degrees per day..

1976 December 14 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC170. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 December 14 - . 19:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC NASA 21.34NP.
  • SPAR 3 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1977 December 14 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle.
  • Shuttle SRB Drop test - . Nation: USA. Summary: An unloaded shuttle solid rocket motor is dropped from an NB-52 in a test of the parachute recovery system..

1977 December 14 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion NASA 31.03UA.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1977 December 14 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Meteor 2-03 - . Payload: Meteor-2 no. 3. Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor-2. USAF Sat Cat: 10514 . COSPAR: 1977-117A. Apogee: 874 km (543 mi). Perigee: 847 km (526 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 102.20 min. Summary: Acquisition of meteorological information needed for use by the weather service..

1978 December 14 - . 00:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 3C. LV Configuration: Titan IIIC 23C-18 (3C-36).
  • DSCS II-11 - . Payload: DSCS II F-11 / OPS 9441. Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DSCS. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: DSCS II. Completed Operations Date: 1993-12-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 11144 . COSPAR: 1978-113A. Apogee: 37,749 km (23,456 mi). Perigee: 37,515 km (23,310 mi). Inclination: 9.8000 deg. Period: 1,531.40 min. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Pacific Ocean at 135 deg W in 1979-1983 over the Pacific Ocean 129 deg W in 1983-1989 As of 5 September 2001 located at 62.62 deg W drifting at 22.467 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 96.59E drifting at 22.469W degrees per day.
  • DSCS II-12 - . Payload: DSCS II F-12 / OPS 9442. Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DSCS. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: DSCS II. Completed Operations Date: 1993-12-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 11145 . COSPAR: 1978-113B. Apogee: 36,332 km (22,575 mi). Perigee: 36,283 km (22,545 mi). Inclination: 9.8000 deg. Period: 1,462.80 min. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Pacific Ocean at 175 deg E in 1979-1981 over the Indian Ocean 66 deg E in 1981-1983 over the Indian Ocean 60 deg E in 1983-1987 over the Pacific Ocean177 deg E in 1988-1989 over the Indian Ocean 71 deg E in 1990-1992 As of 1 September 2001 located at 93.28 deg E drifting at 6.600 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 8 located at 143.60E drifting at 6.589W degrees per day.

1978 December 14 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1061 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1978-12-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 11148 . COSPAR: 1978-114A. Apogee: 310 km (190 mi). Perigee: 203 km (126 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; deployed capsule..
  • Nauka Cosmos 1061 - . Payload: Nauka. Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Spacecraft: Nauka. Decay Date: 1979-01-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 11167 . COSPAR: 1978-114C. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi). Perigee: 197 km (122 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.43 min.

1979 December 14 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.48UG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1981 December 14 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1982 December 14 - . 14:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Complex: Andoya Haugnes. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk Ferdinand 58.
  • Hero 1 Ionosphere / active mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi).

1982 December 14 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Meteor 2-09 - . Payload: Meteor-2 no. 9. Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor-2. USAF Sat Cat: 13718 . COSPAR: 1982-116A. Apogee: 882 km (548 mi). Perigee: 803 km (498 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 101.80 min. Summary: Possible replacement for Meteor 2-6. Gathering meteorological information and data on penetrating radiation fluxes in circumterrestrial space. .

1983 December 14 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1514 - . Payload: Bion no. 6. Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Biology. Type: Biology satellite. Spacecraft: Bion. Duration: 5.00 days. Decay Date: 1983-12-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 14549 . COSPAR: 1983-121A. Apogee: 255 km (158 mi). Perigee: 211 km (131 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. Biological experiments. Continued investigation of the influence of space flight factors on living organisms. Carried monkeys Abrek and Bion. Capsule recovered 52 deg 42 min N, 62 deg 48 min E. The first U.S.S.R. orbital flight of a non-human primate was accomplished on the Cosmos 1514 mission. Two monkeys flew on the mission, together with several pregnant rats. More than 60 experiments were performed by investigators from Bulgaria, Hungary, the German Democratic Republic, Poland, Romania, Czechoslovakia, France, the U.S.S.R. and the U.S. U.S. scientists conducted three experiments on the primates and another experiment on the rat subjects. Additional Details: Cosmos 1514.

1983 December 14 - . 19:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk Nike. LV Configuration: Taurus Nike Tomahawk NASA 12.40WT.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 700 km (430 mi).

1984 December 14 - . 20:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78M-ML.
  • Molniya 1-63 - . Payload: Molniya-1T. Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Molniya-1T. USAF Sat Cat: 15429 . COSPAR: 1984-124A. Apogee: 38,722 km (24,060 mi). Perigee: 1,605 km (997 mi). Inclination: 64.0000 deg. Period: 717.20 min. Summary: Replaced Molniya 1-55. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio communications system in the USSR; transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to stations in the Orbita network..

1985 December 14 - . 07:16 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IXB NASA 36.09UE.
  • CHARGE 2 (TPE-4) Plasma / tether mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 261 km (162 mi).

1987 December 14 - .
  • Mir-2 draft project approved - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: International Space Station; ISS Zvezda; Mir-2. The draft project for this greatly expanded station was approved by NPO Energia Chief Semenov on 14 December 1987 and announced to the press as 'Mir-2' in January 1988. The station would be built in a 65 degree orbit and consist mainly of enormous 90 tonne modules. But the first launch, as always, was the DOS 8. Assembly of the station was expected to begin in 1993.

1987 December 14 - . 01:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 10. LV Configuration: Black Brant X GL A22.703.
  • SPEAR I Active plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Apogee: 370 km (220 mi).

1987 December 14 - . 11:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1901 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 51.00 days. Decay Date: 1988-02-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 18666 . COSPAR: 1987-102A. Apogee: 343 km (213 mi). Perigee: 172 km (106 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1988 December 14 - . 14:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1990 December 14 - . 12:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1991 December 14 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde. LV Configuration: AN/DMQ-9.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1993 December 14 - . 16:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde. LV Configuration: AN/DMQ-9.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1994 December 14 - . 14:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78M-ML.
  • Molniya-1-88 - . Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Molniya-1T. USAF Sat Cat: 23420 . COSPAR: 1994-081A. Apogee: 38,562 km (23,961 mi). Perigee: 1,795 km (1,115 mi). Inclination: 64.1000 deg. Period: 717.80 min. Summary: Molniya 188, relieved Molniya 1-82 of its duties. At the end of 1994, operational Molniya satellites were 1-79, 1-80, and 1-83 through 1-88..

1995 December 14 - . 06:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2. LV Configuration: Proton-K/DM-2 378-01.
  • Cosmos 2323 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 76L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass . USAF Sat Cat: 23734 . COSPAR: 1995-068A. Apogee: 19,165 km (11,908 mi). Perigee: 19,095 km (11,865 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Summary: Glonass navigation satellite. Constellation 2. Put into service 18 January 1996. .
  • Cosmos 2325 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 82L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 23736 . COSPAR: 1995-068C. Apogee: 19,147 km (11,897 mi). Perigee: 19,112 km (11,875 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Summary: Glonass navigation satellite. Constellation 2. Put into service 18 January 1996..
  • Cosmos 2324 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 78L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 23735 . COSPAR: 1995-068B. Apogee: 19,142 km (11,894 mi). Perigee: 19,133 km (11,888 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Summary: Glonass navigation satellite. Constellation 2. Still in reserve as of August 1997..

1998 December 14 - .
  • STS-88 Mission Status Report # 24 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Cabana; Phillips; Ross; Sturckow. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-88. Endeavour's crew awoke to the sounds of James Brown's "I Got You (I Feel Good)," today, in honor of the good feelings evoked by this successful first International Space Station Assembly mission. That wake-up call from Mission Control at 11:36 a.m. today, marks the start of the final full-day of operations for the six-member crew of STS-88. Additional Details: STS-88 Mission Status Report # 24.

1999 December 14 - . 08:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Topol. Launch Vehicle: Topol M. LV Configuration: Topol-M 9.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2000 December 14 - .
  • ISS Status Report: ISS 00-61 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gidzenko; Shepherd. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1. With five times more power than was available just two weeks ago, the Expedition One crew spent the week reconfiguring systems on the International Space Station (ISS) to route electricity being generated from the newly installed U.S. solar arrays on the orbiting complex to the Station's modules. Additional Details: ISS Status Report: ISS 00-61.

2001 December 14 - .
2002 December 14 - . 11:16 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 10CM1. LV Configuration: Black Brant 10CM1 NASA 35.033GE.
2002 December 14 - . 23:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima Y. LV Family: H-2. Launch Vehicle: H-IIA 202. LV Configuration: H-IIA 202 H-IIA-4F.
  • Adeos 2 - . Payload: Midori 2. Mass: 3,730 kg (8,220 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Manufacturer: Mitsubishi. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Adeos. USAF Sat Cat: 27597 . COSPAR: 2002-056A. Apogee: 806 km (500 mi). Perigee: 804 km (499 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.00 min. Summary: Environment Monitoring, Aeronomy..
  • FedSat - . Mass: 58 kg (127 lb). Nation: Australia. Agency: CSS. Manufacturer: CRCSS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: FedSat. USAF Sat Cat: 27599 . COSPAR: 2002-056C. Apogee: 805 km (500 mi). Perigee: 791 km (491 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 100.80 min. FedSat contained high-tech communication, space science, navigation and computing equipment and was intended to help bring broadband Internet services to remote parts of Australia. Data from its three-year mission was to be shared between Japan and Australia.
  • WEOS Kanta-Kun - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Manufacturer: Chiba. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: WEOS Kanta-Kun. USAF Sat Cat: 27600 . COSPAR: 2002-056D. Apogee: 804 km (499 mi). Perigee: 789 km (490 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 100.80 min. Summary: Ecology..
  • Mu-Labsat - . Mass: 65 kg (143 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Mu-Labsat. USAF Sat Cat: 27598 . COSPAR: 2002-056B. Apogee: 806 km (500 mi). Perigee: 793 km (492 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 100.90 min. Technology. In 2003 the satellite released two tiny subsatellites in an experiment to test an onboard tracking imager for inspector satellites. The RITE (Remote Inspection Technology Experiment) targets are disks about 0.1m in diameter. They were released from Micro-LabSat on 2003 Mar 14 at 0140 UTC and 2003 May 14 at 0150 UTC

2003 December 14 - .
  • Nozomi, Mars Flyby - . Nation: Japan. Spacecraft: Nozomi. The Japanese Mars probe, Nozomi, flew past the planet at a height of 1000 km. Attempts to operate the spacecraft's main propulsion system failed, and small thrusters were used to increase the flyby distance by about 100 km to ensure a clean miss. The mission was abandoned, and Nozomi entered a new orbit around the Sun.

2004 December 14 - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. Launch Vehicle: Coyote.
  • GQM-163A Test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

2005 December 14 - . 03:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein Meck. Launch Vehicle: OBV. LV Configuration: OBV 4.
  • FT-1 EKV Prototype ABM test - . Nation: USA. Agency: OSC; MDA. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi). Summary: Launch delayed from late 2004. Successful test of hit-to-kill anti-ballistic missile homer, although no target was intercepted..

2006 December 14 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7920-XC. LV Configuration: Delta 7920-10C D322.
  • USA 193 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Seal Beach. Class: Technology. Type: Military technology satellite. Spacecraft: USA 193. Decay Date: 2008-02-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 29651 . COSPAR: 2006-057A. Apogee: 376 km (233 mi). Perigee: 354 km (219 mi). Inclination: 58.5000 deg. Period: 91.83 min. Classifed NRO mission of uncertain objectives, possibly military observation with a mixed payload. Later it was revealed the on-board propulsion system had completely failed, putting the satellite in a rapidly-decaying orbit. The Pentagon said that the hydrazine propellant aboard consituted a risk and announced they would shoot the satellite down. The real objective may have been to demonstrate US antisatellite capability after a Chinese test in 2007. In any case, on 21 February 2008 the satellite was down to a 242 km x 257 km orbit. At 03:26 GMT an SM-3 missile was fired from the Aegis cruiser USS Lake Erie stationed west of Hawaii to intercept the satellite. The hit-to-kill warhead successfully rammed the satellite, breaking it up into 153 catalogued items of debris with perigees of 170-250 km and apogees of up to 2700 km.

2007 December 14 - . 13:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz FG. LV Configuration: Soyuz-FG/Fregat Ts15000-025.
  • Radarsat-2 - . Mass: 2,200 kg (4,800 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: Starsem. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: Radarsat. USAF Sat Cat: 32382 . COSPAR: 2007-061A. Apogee: 793 km (492 mi). Perigee: 791 km (491 mi). Inclination: 98.6000 deg. Period: 100.70 min. Follow-on to Canadian Radarsat-1 launched in 1995. Designed to provide C-band synthetic aperture radar mapping with resolution of 3 m to Canadian government users. Compared to the earlier model had greater resolution, vastly increased on-board data storage capacity, and capability to scan left or right of ground track. Planned lifetime of seven years.

2009 December 14 - . 10:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 2456 - . Payload: Uragan-M s/n 730. Nation: Russia. Agency: Chelomei. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 36111 . COSPAR: 2009-070A. Apogee: 19,132 km (11,888 mi). Perigee: 19,129 km (11,886 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 675.80 min. Summary: Annual replenishment of GLONASS satellite constellation..
  • Cosmos 2457 - . Payload: Uragan-M s/n 733. Nation: Russia. Agency: Chelomei. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 36112 . COSPAR: 2009-070B. Apogee: 19,133 km (11,888 mi). Perigee: 19,128 km (11,885 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 675.80 min.
  • Cosmos 2458 - . Payload: Uragan-M s/n 734. Nation: Russia. Agency: Chelomei. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 36113 . COSPAR: 2009-070C. Apogee: 19,128 km (11,885 mi). Perigee: 18,991 km (11,800 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 672.90 min.

2009 December 14 - . 14:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7320-10. LV Configuration: Delta 7320-10 s/n D347.
  • WISE - . Mass: 674 kg (1,485 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Martin. Spacecraft: RS-300. USAF Sat Cat: 36119 . COSPAR: 2009-071A. Apogee: 532 km (330 mi). Perigee: 527 km (327 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Wide Field Infrared Explorer astronomy satellite, designed to conduct an all-sky survey at infrared frequencies of 3.4, 4.6, 12 and 22 microns, detecting objects 100 times fainter than the earlier IRAS and Akari satellites. Primary instrument is a 40 cm telescope cooled to 12 K by a cryostat filled with solid hydrogen. The survey was expected to detect tens of thousands of new asteroids, brown dwarf stars, and planets orbiting nearby stars.

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