Encyclopedia Astronautica
December 15


December 15 Chronology


1917 December 15 - .
  • Birth of William E 'Bill' Zisch - . Nation: USA. Summary: American business manager of Aerojet, 1942-1966. No college degree or scientific training, but he led Aerojet from five employees to $700 million annual sales of JATO, Polaris, Aerobee, Delta, Titan, Apollo SPS, M-1 and Nerva rocket engines..

1923 December 15 - . LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Die Rakete zu den Planetenräume published. - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: von Braun; Oberth. Die Rakete zu den Planetenräume (The Rocket Into Interpanetary Space) by Hermann Oberth was published in Germany, and was the genesis for considerable discussion of rocket propulsion. The book would have a huge and life-changing impact on ten year old Wernher Von Braun.

1933 December 15 - . Launch Vehicle: Saenger.
  • Rakatenflugtechnik published. - . Nation: Germany. Spacecraft: Dynasoar. Summary: Eugen Sänger of Germany published his classic Rakatenflugtechnic, which dealt with rocket motor design and high-speed flight in the atmosphere..

1944 December 15 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Submarine-launched A4 work resumes. - . Nation: Germany. Summary: The first construction drawings were released for the submarine-launched version..

1949 December 15 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1 USAF 2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • MX-1011 Solar x-ray / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 0 km ( mi). Summary: Solar radiation, pressure, temperature, photography research. Launched at 1010 local time. Reached 0.3 km..

1952 December 15 - . LV Family: Rockoon. Launch Vehicle: Rockoon.
  • Navy launches from balloons - . Nation: USA. Summary: The US Navy revealed that it had launched rockets from balloons in the geomagnetic North Pole area for cosmic ray research..

1952 December 15 - . 21:38 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Pad: NLA. LV Family: Viking. Launch Vehicle: Viking Type 9. LV Configuration: Viking Type 9 9.
  • Viking 9 Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 217 km (134 mi). Summary: Solar and cosmic radiation; photography research. Ran out of fuel. Launched at 1438 local time. Reached 219 km..

1953 December 15 - . Launch Site: Edwards. LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho X-10. LV Configuration: X-10 s/n 1 GM-19307.
  • Navaho X-10 flight 3 - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho. Summary: Planned transonic flight aborted when telemetry power failed..

1954 December 15 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 2897R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 December 15 - .
  • X-1E Flight 3 - . Crew: Walker, Joseph. Payload: X-1E flight 3. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Walker, Joseph. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: X-1E. Summary: NACA flight 2. First powered flight. Engine ran at excessive pressure, 4 overspeeds of turbopump and 2 automatic shutdowns. Power terminated by pilot..

1958 December 15 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
  • ABMA Briefing to NASA - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Program: Apollo. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Summary: Von Braun briefs NASA on plans for booster development at Huntsville with objective of manned lunar landing. Initally proposed using 15 Juno V (Saturn I) boosters to assemble 200,000 kg payload in earth orbit for direct landing on moon..

1959 December 15 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
  • Saturn upper stage study. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Program: Apollo. Summary: NASA team completed study design of upper stages of Saturn launch vehicle..

1959 December 15 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: OPd-56-39-22D. LV Configuration: OPd-56-39-22D 003.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1959 December 15 - . 02:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor DM-18A. LV Configuration: Thor DM-18A 185. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • IWST - . Nation: USA. Agency: RAF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1960 December 15 - . 09:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Able. LV Configuration: Atlas Able 91D / Able-5. FAILURE: Atlas exploded 70 seconds after liftoff.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Pioneer (P 31) - . Payload: Pioneer P 31 / Able VB. Mass: 175 kg (385 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Pioneer. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Pioneer P 3. Decay Date: 1960-12-15 . COSPAR: F601215A. Apogee: 13 km (8 mi). Summary: The final launch in the Pioneer lunar probe program was unsuccessful; the Atlas-Able booster rocket went out of control and exploded at an altitude of 12,200 m off Cape Canaveral..

1961 December 15 - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Boeing named contractor for Saturn C-5 first stage (S-IC) - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo Lunar Landing. NASA announced that The Boeing Company had been selected for negotiations as a possible prime contractor for the first stage (S-IC) of the advanced Saturn launch vehicle. The S-IC stage, powered by five F-1 engines, would be 35 feet in diameter and about 140 feet high. The $300-million contract, to run through 1966, called for the development, construction, and testing of 24 flight stages and one ground test stage. The booster would be assembled at the NASA Michoud Operations Plant near New Orleans, La., under the direction of the Marshall Space Flight Center.

1961 December 15 - .
  • McDonnell given letter contract for Gemini - . Nation: USA. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft: Gemini. Summary: McDonnell given letter contract for development of Gemini..

1961 December 15 - . Launch Site: Fort Wingate. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone. LV Configuration: Redstone 1008.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Summary: Successful missile test. Missed aimpoint by 82 m..

1961 December 15 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC19. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I M-6.
  • Mk 4 re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1961 December 15 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 AB3.140.
  • HR Solar Spectra Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1962 December 15 - .
  • Preliminary statement of work for a manned space station study program . - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: MORL; Orbital Workshop. MSC researchers compiled a preliminary statement of work for a manned space station study program in anticipation of study contracts to be let to industry for a supportive study. The study requirements outlined the general scope of such investigations and suggested guidelines for research areas such as configurations, onboard spacecraft systems, and operational techniques. Ideally, studies by aerospace companies would help NASA formulate a logical approach for a space station program and how it might be implemented. Throughout the study, an overall objective would be simplicity: no artificial gravity and maximum use of existing launch vehicles and spacecraft systems to achieve the earliest possible launch date.

1962 December 15 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1B 423.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1962 December 15 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 AC3.451 (SF6).
  • Firefly III MARTHA Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1963 December 15 - .
  • Final recommendations on Apollo's principal scientific objectives - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. The Ad Hoc Working Group on Apollo Experiments submitted its final recommendations on what should be Apollo's principal scientific objectives:

    1. Examination of the physical and geological properties of the moon in the area surrounding the spacecraft.
    2. Geological mapping.
    3. Investigations of the moon's interior.
    4. Studies of the lunar atmosphere.
    5. Radio astronomy from the surface.
    This group, which had as its chairman Charles P. Sonett of NASA's Ames Research Center and thus was known as the Sonett Committee, had been formed wholly within NASA for just this purpose. Much of the Sonett Committee's report already was contained in the Office of Space Sciences' guidelines transmitted earlier to MSC; their reception was not what one could call enthusiastic.

1964 December 15 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2.
  • The Gemini Phase II centrifuge training program was completed. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 3; Gemini 4. Phase II provided refresher training for Gemini-Titan 3 and 4 flight crews, who made their runs clad in pressure suits. For astronauts not yet officially assigned to a mission the program provided familiarization training under shirt-sleeve conditions. Phase II had begun early in November.

1964 December 15 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Atlas SMS 566 deactivated. - . Nation: USA. Summary: Offutt AFB SMS 566 deactivated.

1964 December 15 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC32B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2. LV Configuration: Minuteman 2 451.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1964 December 15 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC67/22. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • Kura state trials missile launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 870 km (540 mi).

1964 December 15 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-4. LV Configuration: Scout X-4 S137R.
  • San Marco 1 - . Mass: 254 kg (559 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft: San Marco. Decay Date: 1965-09-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 957 . COSPAR: 1964-084A. Apogee: 842 km (523 mi). Perigee: 200 km (120 mi). Inclination: 37.8000 deg. Period: 95.10 min. Summary: Atmospheric density studies. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1965 December 15 - .
  • First Apollo manned lunar landing experiment selected - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo ALSEP. NASA Associate Administrator for Space Science and Applications Homer E. Newell informed MSC that an experiment proposed by Ames Research Center had been selected as a space science investigation for, if possible, the first manned lunar landing as a part of the Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package. Principal investigator of the proposed experiment, the magnetometer, was C. P. Sonett of Ames with Jerry Modisette of MSC as associate.

    The Apollo Program Director was being requested by Newell to authorize the funding of flight hardware for this experiment.


1965 December 15 - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
1965 December 15 - .
  • Proposal for four additional Apollo LEMs - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 20. Spacecraft: Apollo LM. Grumman was invited to provide NASA with a cost-plus-incentive-fee proposal to provide four LEMs subsequent to LEM-11, with the proposal due at MSC by the close of business on the following day. The proposal should be based on a vehicular configuration similar to LEM-11 in all respects, including supporting activities, contractual provisions, and specifications applicable to LEM-11. The required shipment dates for the four vehicles would be December 13, 1968, February 11, 1969, April 11, 1969, and June 10, 1969, respectively.

1965 December 15 - .
1965 December 15 - . 13:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC19. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II GLV. LV Configuration: Titan II GLV GT-6 / 62-12561.
  • Gemini 6 - . Call Sign: Gemini 6. Crew: Schirra; Stafford. Backup Crew: Grissom; Young. Payload: Gemini SC6. Mass: 3,546 kg (7,817 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Schirra; Stafford; Grissom; Young. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Gemini 6; Gemini 7. Spacecraft: Gemini; Gemini Radar. Duration: 1.08 days. Decay Date: 1965-12-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 1839 . COSPAR: 1965-104A. Apogee: 271 km (168 mi). Perigee: 258 km (160 mi). Inclination: 28.9000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. The primary objective of the mission, crewed by command pilot Astronaut Walter M. Schirra, Jr., and pilot Astronaut Thomas P. Stafford, was to rendezvous with spacecraft No. 7. Among the secondary objectives were stationkeeping with spacecraft No. 7, evaluating spacecraft reentry guidance capability, testing the visibility of spacecraft No. 7 as a rendezvous target, and conducting three experiments. After the launch vehicle inserted the spacecraft into an 87 by 140 nautical mile orbit, the crew prepared for the maneuvers necessary to achieve rendezvous. Four maneuvers preceded the first radar contact between the two spacecraft. The first maneuver, a height adjustment, came an hour and a half after insertion, at first perigee; a phase adjustment at second apogee, a plane change, and another height adjustment at second perigee followed. The onboard radar was turned on 3 hours into the mission. The first radar lock-on indicated 246 miles between the two spacecraft. The coelliptic maneuver was performed at third apogee, 3 hours 47 minutes after launch. The terminal phase initiation maneuver was performed an hour and a half later. Two midcourse corrections preceded final braking maneuvers at 5 hours 50 minutes into the flight. Rendezvous was technically accomplished and stationkeeping began some 6 minutes later when the two spacecraft were about 120 feet apart and their relative motion had stopped. Stationkeeping maneuvers continued for three and a half orbits at distances from 1 to 300 feet. Spacecraft No. 6 then initiated a separation maneuver and withdrew to a range of about 30 miles. The only major malfunction in spacecraft No. 6 during the mission was the failure of the delayed-time telemetry tape recorder at 20 hours 55 minutes ground elapsed time, which resulted in the loss of all delayed-time telemetry data for the remainder of the mission, some 4 hours and 20 minutes. The flight ended with a nominal reentry and landing in the West Atlantic, just 10 km from the planned landing point, on December 16. The crew remained in the spacecraft, which was recovered an hour later by the prime recovery ship, the aircraft carrier Wasp.

    Gemini 6 was to have been the first flight involving docking with an Agena target/propulsion stage. However the Agena blew up on the way to orbit, and the spacecraft was replaced by Gemini 7 in the launch order.

    For lack of a target, NASA decided to have Gemini 6 rendezvous with Gemini 7. This would require a quick one week turnaround of the pad after launch, no problem with Russian equipment but a big accomplishment for the Americans. The first launch attempt was aborted; the Titan II ignited for a moment, then shut down and settled back down on its launch attachments. Schirra waited it out, did not pull the abort handles that would send the man catapulting out of the capsule on their notoriously unreliable ejection seats. The booster was safed; Schirra had saved the mission and the launch three days later went perfectly. The flight went on to achieve the first manned space rendezvous controlled entirely by the self-contained, on-board guidance, control, and navigation system. This system provided the crew of Gemini 6 with attitude, thrusting, and time information needed for them to control the spacecraft during the rendezvous. Under Schirra's typically precise command, the operation was so successful that the rendezvous was complete with fuel consumption only 5% above the planned value to reach 16 m separation from Gemini 7.


1965 December 15 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.247UI.
  • Electron density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1965 December 15 - . 19:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.68II.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1966 December 15 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 2. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV. LV Configuration: Athena D038.
  • USAF D038 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 December 15 - . 20:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1967 December 15 - .
  • L3 issues - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Feoktistov. Program: Lunar L3. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-LOK. Summary: There is still no enabling resolution for the L3. Many meetings are held, discussing the L3, L3 trainers, and Feoktistov's assignment as a cosmonaut..

1968 December 15 - .
  • Cosmonauts graduate. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Nikolayev; Leonov; Popovich; Bykovsky; Khrunov; Gorbatko; Zaikin; Volynov; Shonin; Ponomaryova; Solovyova; Tereshkova; Kuznetsova; Yerkina; Titov; Gagarin. Nikolayev, Leonov, Popovich, Bykovsky, Khrunov, Gorbatko, Zaikin, Volynov, and Shonin all receive their diplomas from the Zhukovskiy Test Pilot Engineering Academy. Khrunov graduates with honours. All of them began training for a lunar landing on January 8. Titov and Gagarin will complete their studies for the diploma in May. Ponomareva and Solovyova willl graduate in the second half of 1968, leaving only Tereshkova, Kuznetsova, and Yerkina. Tereshkova has had her appendix removed in surgery at the Vishevskiy Centre. The surgery went well.

1968 December 15 - .
  • Final countdown for the launch of Apollo 8 - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 8; Apollo 9. Final countdown for the launch of Apollo 8, the second manned Apollo mission, began on schedule at KSC. Significant launch preparation events included the "wet" countdown demonstration test on December 10, three days of flight simulations, an operational review, and launch site recovery exercises. Mission preparations were on schedule for launch on December 21. Launch preparations were also on schedule for the next two flights, Apollo 9 and 10.

1968 December 15 - . 17:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta N. LV Configuration: Thor Delta N 532/D62.
  • ESSA 8 - . Payload: TOS F. Mass: 132 kg (291 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: ESSA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: TOS. USAF Sat Cat: 3615 . COSPAR: 1968-114A. Apogee: 1,464 km (909 mi). Perigee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Inclination: 102.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min. Summary: Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1969 December 15 - .
  • TsUKOS to be created. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Five years after he first recommended such a move, Kamanin finally sees a major reorganisation of military space with the creation of TsUKOS..

1969 December 15 - .
  • Mobile equipment transporter for Apollo LM-8, LM-9, and LM-10 - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 12; Apollo 15. Spacecraft: Apollo MET. NASA was considering incorporation of a mobile equipment transporter on LM-8, LM-9, and LM-10, to help with problems such as the Apollo 12 astronauts had in carrying hand tools, sample boxes and bags, a stereo camera, and other equipment on the lunar surface. The MET also could extend lunar surface activities to a greater distance from the lunar module. A prototype MET and training hardware were being fabricated and were expected to be available in late December.

1969 December 15 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein Meck. Launch Vehicle: Spartan. LV Configuration: Spartan ABM 800017.
  • KT-15 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1969 December 15 - . 02:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA AAF-4-20.
  • Auroral particles Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 774 km (480 mi).

1970 December 15 - .
  • TsPK Technical Conference Opens - . Nation: USSR. Kamanin returns from vacation after two weeks at his dacha. Lunokhod was successsfully revived after surviving a lunar night. Venera-7 is set to soft-land on Venus. NII-TsPK holds a science/technology conference on manned spaceflight. 80 papers are presented, with 600 attendees from 39 organisations present. Kamanin talks to Mishin for the first time since the unpleasant phone call in October.

1970 December 15 - .
1970 December 15 - . 03:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.470CM.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1970 December 15 - . 05:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.471CM.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 214 km (132 mi).

1970 December 15 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.472CM.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1970 December 15 - . 09:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.473CM.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1970 December 15 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 386 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4M. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1970-12-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 4804 . COSPAR: 1970-110A. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi). Perigee: 222 km (137 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1970 December 15 - . 11:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.474CM.
  • Sodium-Lithium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi).

1971 December 15 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3. LV Configuration: Minuteman 3 STM-4W.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1971 December 15 - . 04:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 65017-108.
  • Cosmos 465 - . Mass: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Tsiklon. USAF Sat Cat: 5683 . COSPAR: 1971-111A. Apogee: 1,006 km (625 mi). Perigee: 965 km (599 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Summary: Military navigation satellite..

1971 December 15 - . 10:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Vehicle: Cockatoo. LV Configuration: Cockatoo 1025.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1972 December 15 - .
  • EVA Apollo 17-4 - . Crew: Cernan; Schmitt. EVA Type: Internal Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.0014 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Cernan; Schmitt. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar lander. Flight: Apollo 17. Spacecraft: Apollo LM. Summary: Threw excess equipment out of LM before lift-off..

1972 December 15 - .
  • EVA Apollo 17-5 - . Crew: Cernan; Schmitt. EVA Type: Internal Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.0007 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Cernan; Schmitt. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar lander. Flight: Apollo 17. Spacecraft: Apollo LM. Summary: Threw excess equipment out of LM before lift-off..

1972 December 15 - . 21:25 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 642. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1973 December 15 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • ISRO-8.164/TERLS-619 - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1975 December 15 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1976 December 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV. LV Configuration: Athena Athena D.
  • MSV-2 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1976 December 15 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K. LV Configuration: Proton-K 289-02.
  • Cosmos 881 - . Payload: TKS VA s/n 009P. Mass: 4,250 kg (9,360 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Almaz. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft: TKS VA . Duration: 0.0600 days. Decay Date: 1976-12-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 9606 . COSPAR: 1976-121A. Apogee: 241 km (149 mi). Perigee: 201 km (124 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. Launch of mission LVI-1 came at 04:00 on 15 December. At 176 seconds the ADU escape tower separated from the LVI. Once the final stage had shut down in orbit, by command from the launch vehicle sequencer, the VA 009A (also given as 009P) and its TDU separated from the LVI. Two seconds later VA 009 (or 009L) was ejected. Fifteen minutes after launch all systems of the both VA capsules were in operation. The guidance system detected the direction of flight and oriented each spacecraft for retro-fire, and the pair began the return to earth after less than one revolution. At an external atmospheric pressure of 165 mm (10 km altitude) the NO section jettisoned, the three-cupola drogue parachute ejected, and the antennae and altimeter were deployed. The Komara landing radio beacon (installed on the landing section of the parachute) was activated when the spacecraft was 1.0 to 1.5 m above the ground - which occurred at the same moment on both 009 and 009A. The Kaktus special system tripped the soft landing PRSP (parachute landing propulsion system). The soft landing was accomplished with higher accuracy than Soyuz, both capsules being recovered at 44 deg N, 73 deg E, on December 15, 1976 3:00 GMT. The flights were officially given the designations Cosmos 881 (VA 009A) and Cosmos 882 (VA 009). US intelligence believed them to be tests of recoverable manned spaceplane prototypes.
  • Cosmos 882 - . Payload: TKS VA s/n 009L. Mass: 4,250 kg (9,360 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Almaz. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft: TKS VA. Decay Date: 1976-12-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 9607 . COSPAR: 1976-121B. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi). Perigee: 191 km (118 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.50 min. Summary: Test of TKS-VA capsule. Two satellites launched by a single rocket..

1976 December 15 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53782-426.
  • Cosmos 883 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 9610 . COSPAR: 1976-122A. Apogee: 1,005 km (624 mi). Perigee: 955 km (593 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Summary: Civilian naval navigation satellite..

1977 December 15 - . 00:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2914. LV Configuration: Delta 2914 624/D137.
  • Sakura - . Payload: CS-1A. Mass: 676 kg (1,490 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Program: CS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: CS-1. Completed Operations Date: 1985-11-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 10516 . COSPAR: 1977-118A. Apogee: 36,176 km (22,478 mi). Perigee: 36,169 km (22,474 mi). Inclination: 10.5000 deg. Period: 1,455.90 min. Medium-capacity Communications Satellite for Experimental Purposes . Launch vehicle Delta 2914-137. Launch time 0047 UT. Geographical longitude on geostationary orbit: 135 deg E. CS is a spin stabilized geostationary communications satellite. Characteris tics of satellite: Weight approx 340 kg at an early stage in orbit, configuration: cylindrical, height 3.48 m, diameter 2.18m, Expected life more than three years. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Pacific Ocean at 135 deg E in 1977-1983 over the Pacific Ocean 150 deg E in 1984-1985 As of 25 August 2001 located at 78.79 deg E drifting at 4.904 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 94.72W drifting at 4.901W degrees per day.

1978 December 15 - .
  • Complete precombined system test, Columbia. - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: Columbia.

1978 December 15 - . 01:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB APD-VB-47.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 316 km (196 mi).

1978 December 15 - . 13:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53782-408.
  • Cosmos 1062 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1981-04-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 11150 . COSPAR: 1978-115A. Apogee: 549 km (341 mi). Perigee: 504 km (313 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.10 min. Summary: Replaced Cosmos 899. Possible ELINT satellite..

1979 December 15 - . 01:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1980 December 15 - . 12:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1981 December 15 - . 23:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur SLV-3D. LV Configuration: SLV-3D Centaur AC-55 / Centaur D-1AR 5035.
  • Intelsat 5 F-3 - . Mass: 1,870 kg (4,120 lb). Nation: International. Agency: Intelsat. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Intelsat 5. Completed Operations Date: 1998-01-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 12994 . COSPAR: 1981-119A. Apogee: 36,129 km (22,449 mi). Perigee: 35,894 km (22,303 mi). Inclination: 9.4000 deg. Period: 1,447.60 min. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 24 deg W in 1982-1985; 27 deg W in 1985; 53 deg W in 1985-1988; 174 deg E in 1988-1990; 177 deg E in 1990-1992; 177 deg W in 1992-1995; 157 deg E in 1995-1998 As of 5 September 2001 located at 57.52 deg W drifting at 2.890 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 101.94W drifting at 2.904W degrees per day.

1982 December 15 - . 14:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1983 December 15 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Vehicle: HOE. LV Configuration: HOE HOE 3.
  • HOE 3 ABM test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1983 December 15 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • RSLP STREP-12A (HOE) Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1983 December 15 - . 12:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1515 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 43. Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 14551 . COSPAR: 1983-122A. Apogee: 620 km (380 mi). Perigee: 595 km (369 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.90 min.

1984 December 15 - . 09:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/D-1. LV Configuration: Proton-K/D-1 329-01.
  • Vega 1 - . Payload: 5VK s/n 901. Mass: 4,000 kg (8,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Venera. Class: Venus. Type: Venus probe. Spacecraft: Vega 5VK. USAF Sat Cat: 15432 . COSPAR: 1984-125A. Investigations of the planet Venus and Halley's Comet. The APV-V plasma antenna did not deploy until the first mid-course correction burn. Deployed lander and balloon at Venus on June 19 1985. Rendezvoused with comet Halley on March 6, 1986. Fitted with scientific apparatus and equipment built in the USSR, Austria, Bulgaria, Hungary, German Democratic Republic, Poland, France, Federal Republic of Germany and C zechoslovakia.

1984 December 15 - . 20:44 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 655. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 December 15 - .
  • Wings for first flight Buran arrive at Baikonur - . Nation: USSR. Program: Buran. Spacecraft: Buran.

1986 December 15 - . 19:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.19GU.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1987 December 15 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53726-183.
  • Cosmos 1902 - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1988-12-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 18668 . COSPAR: 1987-103A. Apogee: 408 km (253 mi). Perigee: 364 km (226 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1988 December 15 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1989 December 15 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 734. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5.
  • PEM-3 operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1989 December 15 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2. LV Configuration: Proton-K/DM-2 344-01.
  • Raduga 24 - . Payload: Raduga s/n 36L. Mass: 1,965 kg (4,332 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Raduga . Completed Operations Date: 1994-02-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 20367 . COSPAR: 1989-098A. Apogee: 35,813 km (22,253 mi). Perigee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Inclination: 7.9000 deg. Period: 1,436.90 min. Stationed at 45 deg E. Radio telephone and telegraph communications and transmission of television programmes. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 45 deg E in 1990-1994. Replaced by Raduga 31. As of 3 September 2001 located at 103.47 deg E drifting at 0.067 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 47.08E drifting at 0.104W degrees per day.

1992 December 15 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.085UG.
  • JHU FOT 11 (HUT Cal) Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 302 km (187 mi).

1993 December 15 - . 02:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P. LV Configuration: MT-135P-R874.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 53 km (32 mi).

1994 December 15 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P. LV Configuration: MT-135P-R910.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1995 December 15 - . 00:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas IIA. LV Configuration: Atlas IIA AC-120.
  • Galaxy 3R - . Payload: HS 376. Mass: 2,980 kg (6,560 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: HCI. Program: Galaxy. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 601. USAF Sat Cat: 23741 . COSPAR: 1995-069A. Apogee: 35,799 km (22,244 mi). Perigee: 35,774 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Stationed at 95 deg W; 24 C-band, 24 Ku-band transponders; TV for Caribbean and Central America. Launch vehicle put payload into subsynchronous earth orbit with MRS trajectory option. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 95 deg W in 1996-1999 As of 3 September 2001 located at 95.05 deg W drifting at 0.008 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 132.80W drifting at 0.084W degrees per day.

1997 December 15 - . 15:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 2348 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: Kozlov. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 120.00 days. Decay Date: 1998-04-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 25095 . COSPAR: 1997-080A. Apogee: 361 km (224 mi). Perigee: 175 km (108 mi). Inclination: 67.1000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission. Landed 14 April 1998..

1998 December 15 - .
  • STS-88 Mission Status Report # 25 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Cabana; Currie; Newman; Ross; Sturckow. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-88. Summary: Endeavour's astronauts wrapped up their mission objectives and packed up their ship, ready for a landing late tonight at Kennedy Space Center and the end of the first mission to assemble the International Space Station.. Additional Details: STS-88 Mission Status Report # 25.

1998 December 15 - .
1999 December 15 - .
  • China Has No Shuttle Program - . Nation: China. There is no a shuttle program in China, stated Liu Jiyuan, former president of China Aerospace Corporation, adding that the formal shuttle project had not started. He also said that the first Shenzhou manned flight would depends on the results of unmanned tests, and that no animal flights were planned.

2001 December 15 - .
2004 December 15 - .
  • Cassini, Dione Flyby, Successful - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Cassini.

2004 December 15 - . 04:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kodiak. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: STARS. LV Configuration: STARS M-5.
  • IFT-13c Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA SMDC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Target for ballistic missile defence intercept test. Launch successful, but anti-ballistic missile that was to intercept it never left silo. Impacted in Pacific Ocean. Delayed from January, August, November, December 9 and 12.

2004 December 15 - . 06:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Vehicle: OBV. FAILURE: Launch abort; anti-ballistic missile never left silo..
  • IFT-13C Launch Abort - . Mass: 55 kg (121 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Launch abort - booster shut down in silo. Missile target, launched from Alaska, impacted in Pacific Ocean. Delayed from January, August, November, December 9 and 12. The failed attempt was later said to be due to a very minor software glitch which created a gap in the flow of electronic messages between the flight computer and the interceptor's thrust vector controller. Five flight tests of the system were scheduled for 2005, including at least two attempted intercepts. The IFT-13c test was expected to be repeated as early as mid-February. IFT-14 was planned for March or April.

2006 December 15 - .
2007 December 15 - .
  • ISS EO-16: Columbus Poised for Research Breakthroughs - . Program: ISS. Summary: The research capacity of the International Space Station is set to double during a December NASA mission that is a milestone for European spaceflight. . Additional Details: ISS EO-16: Columbus Poised for Research Breakthroughs .

2008 December 15 - . 03:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-4B. LV Configuration: CZ-4B s/n CZ417.
  • Yaogan Weixing 5 - . Mass: 2,200 kg (4,800 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: Yaogan. USAF Sat Cat: 33456 . COSPAR: 2008-064A. Apogee: 496 km (308 mi). Perigee: 486 km (301 mi). Inclination: 97.4000 deg. Period: 94.40 min. One of the two different series of military surveillance satellites launched under the YW designation, although YW 5 was in a lower orbit similar to the ZY-2 satellites, lower than previous YW satellites. The launch vehicle was announced as a CZ-4B, but appeared to be a CZ-4B with the CZ-4C's restartable YF-40A upper stage under the larger CZ-4C nose fairing.

2009 December 15 - . 02:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-4C. LV Configuration: CZ-4C s/n CZ4-18.
  • Yaogan Weixing 8 - . Mass: 1,040 kg (2,290 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Spacecraft: Yaogan. USAF Sat Cat: 36121 . COSPAR: 2009-072A. Apogee: 1,204 km (748 mi). Perigee: 1,193 km (741 mi). Inclination: 100.5000 deg. Period: 109.40 min. Summary: Sun-synchronous orbit low resolution imaging satellite, primarily for civilian Earth resource studies. Supplemental military missions may include weather forecasting..
  • Xi Wang 1 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Spacecraft: Oscar. USAF Sat Cat: 36122 . COSPAR: 2009-072B. Apogee: 1,205 km (748 mi). Perigee: 1,193 km (741 mi). Inclination: 100.5000 deg. Period: 109.40 min. Summary: Amateur radio satellite..

2010 December 15 - . 19:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-20 - . Call Sign: Varyag. Crew: Kondratiyev, Dmitry; Nespoli; Coleman. Backup Crew: Ivanishin; Furukawa; Fossum. Payload: Soyuz 7K-STMA s/n 230. Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: ISS EO-26; ISS EO-25. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 159.30 days. Decay Date: 2011-05-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 37254 . COSPAR: 2010-067A. Apogee: 355 km (220 mi). Perigee: 350 km (210 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.60 min. ISS EO-26 crew. Docked at the Rassvet module of the ISS at 20:11 GMT on 17 December. The crew boarded Soyuz TMA-20 and undocked at 21:35 GMT on 23 May 2011. They pulled back 200 m from the station, then took comprehensive photography of the station until 22:17 as it rotated before them. After departure from the visinity of the station, the Soyuz fired its engines at 01:36 GMT on 24 May to start the descent into the atmosphere. The orbital module and service modules separated from the descent module at 02:01 GMT. The crew landed safely in Kazakhstan at 02:27 GMT.

2010 December 15 - . 19:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Meck Island. Launch Vehicle: LV-2.
  • FTG-06A Target - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: ABM target..
  • FTG-06A KV - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: ABM test..

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