Encyclopedia Astronautica
December 19


December 19 Chronology


1912 December 19 - .
1913 December 19 - .
  • Birth of Ernst Stuhlinger - . Nation: Germany; USA. Summary: German-American engineer. Member of the German Rocket Team in the United States after WW2..

1934 December 19 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Vehicle: A2.
  • A2 rocket 'Max' successfully launched. - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: von Braun. Apogee: 2.20 km (1.37 mi). Von Braun's German Ordnance group launches A-2 'Max' from the Island of Borkum in the North Sea before the Commander-in-Chief of the German Army. The rocket is at an altitude of 1.7 km at burn-out, and reaches 2.2 km before falling back to impact 800 m from the launch point.

1935 December 19 - .
1944 December 19 - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 19828. FAILURE: Failure.
  • V-2 Ma315 305 P23 - . Nation: Germany. Agency: Wehrmacht. Summary: Planned range 225 km. Failed - accuracy was 67.8 km to the right of the planned trajectory. Circular error 185.8 km from aim point..

1950 December 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D35 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1951 December 19 - .
1951 December 19 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • Falcon Missile test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 December 19 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LA. Launch Pad: LA?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: MX-775. LV Configuration: MX-775 N-25 GM-972.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 December 19 - .
  • US industry to investigate the feasibility of a manned, hypersonic, rocket-powered, bombardment and reconnaissance weapon system. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Dynasoar; Bomi. Summary: The Air Force requested the aviation industry to investigate the feasibility of developing a manned, hypersonic, rocket-powered, bombardment and reconnaissance weapon system..

1956 December 19 - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Platform: F-86D. Launch Vehicle: Rockaire. LV Configuration: Rockaire RA-4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 45 km (27 mi).

1956 December 19 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC6. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter A. LV Configuration: Jupiter A RS-22. FAILURE: First experimental flight with Hydyne. Specific impulse exceeded predicted values. Re-entry system intentionally unstable to test Jupiter alpha control..
  • Jupiter A - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). The flight was successful, Actual range was 401.6 nm; 84.9 nm over the intended impact point. The missile used Hydyne fuel. The primary test objective was to test the control of an unstable missile configuration by using an angle-of-attack meter (boom type) in the ascending phase (Jupiter control). Missed aimpoint by 157,200 m.

1957 December 19 - .
  • Birth of Michael Edward Fossum - . Nation: USA. Summary: American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-121, STS-124..

1957 December 19 - . 00:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC26B. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter. LV Configuration: Jupiter IRBM AM-4. FAILURE: Thrust ended abruptly at 116.87 seconds of flight due to turbo-pump malfunction.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF; NASA Huntsville. Fired from AMR at 1507 hours EST. The main-stage, lift-off, and powered flight were normal. The missile followed the prescribed trajectory. Thrust ended abruptly at 116.87 seconds of flight which resulted in a short-range impact. Failure was again attributed to turbo-pump malfunction. The long-range mission. was not accomplished; however, other primary and secondary missions were successfully accomplished. The abrupt shutdown of the power plant resulted in a range of approximately 149 nm and an altitude of approximately 50 nm.

1957 December 19 - . 20:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor DM-18. LV Configuration: Thor DM-18 113.
  • Research and development Series II test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 520 km (320 mi). Summary: A Thor missile, the eighth tested and the fourth successfully, completed the first fully-guided Thor IRBM flight using an all-inertial guidance system..

1958 December 19 - . Launch Site: AMR DZ. Launch Pad: 29.0 N x 79.0 W. Launch Platform: B-58. Launch Vehicle: High Virgo.
  • High Virgo satellite interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1959 December 19 - . LV Family: Saturn C-3; Saturn I; Saturn V.
  • NERVA development roles AEC/NASA. - . Nation: USA. Program: NERVA. Summary: The Chairman, AEC, in a letter to the Administrator of NASA, proposed a flight test objective be established for the nuclear rocket program and proposed a technical program and division of agency responsibilities to achieve those objectives..

1959 December 19 - . 00:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC13. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 40D.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi). Summary: Atlas ICBM made second successful 6,325-mile flight at AMR..

1960 December 19 - . 16:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC5. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone MRLV. LV Configuration: Redstone MRLV-3.
  • Mercury MR-1A - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi). Mercury-Redstone 1A (MR-1A) was launched from Cape Canaveral in a repeat of the November 21, 1960, mission and was completely successful. This was the third attempt to accomplish the objectives established for this flight. The first attempt on November 7, 1960, was canceled as a result of a helium leak in the spacecraft reaction control system relief valve, and on November 21, 1960, the mission could not be completed because of premature cut-off of the launch vehicle engines. Objectives of the MR-1A flight were to qualify the spacecraft for space flight and to qualify the flight system for a primate flight scheduled shortly thereafter. Close attention was given to the spacecraft-launch vehicle combination as it went through the various flight sequences: powered flight; acceleration and deceleration; performance of the posigrade rockets; performance of the recovery system; performance of the launch, tracking, and recovery phases of the operation; other events of the flight including retrorocket operation in a space environment; and operation of instrumentation. Except that the launch vehicle cut-off velocity was slightly higher than normal, all flight sequences were satisfactory; tower separation, spacecraft separation, spacecraft turnaround, retrofire, retropackage jettison, and landing system operation occurred or were controlled as planned. The spacecraft reached a maximum altitude of 130.68 statute miles, a range of 234.8 statute miles, and a speed of 4,909.1 miles per hour. Fifteen minutes after landing in the Atlantic Ocean, the recovery helicopter picked up the spacecraft to complete the successful flight mission.

1961 December 19 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-A-1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A aborted launch. - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1962 December 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111. LV Configuration: Topaze VE111 C3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1962 December 19 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Blue Scout Jr SLV-1B(m). LV Configuration: Blue Scout Jr SLV-1B(m) 21-1.
  • Ion Engine Test A Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 2,000 km (1,200 mi). When the high-voltage power supplies were first turned-on, intermittent high-voltage breakdowns occurred, and the beam power supply became inoperative. Post-flight examination of the power supply indicated the high-voltage breakdowns were probably caused by pressure buildup in the primary propulsion unit due to gas vented from the spacecraft batteries. The primary propulsion unit high voltage section was not adequately vented to keep the pressure low enough. Engine thrusting was not accomplished in this test.

1962 December 19 - . 01:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-3. LV Configuration: Scout X-3 S118.
  • Transit 5A - . Payload: Transit 5A-1. Mass: 61 kg (134 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. Decay Date: 1986-09-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 509 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Psi-1. Apogee: 347 km (215 mi). Perigee: 336 km (208 mi). Inclination: 90.6000 deg. Period: 91.40 min. Summary: First operational solar-powered prototype; failed first day. The satellite verified a new technique for deploying the solar panels and for separating from the rocket, but otherwise it was not successful because of trouble with the power system..

1962 December 19 - . 07:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2. LV Configuration: Polaris A2G-4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 December 19 - . 20:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2. LV Configuration: Titan II N-13.
  • Mk 6 re-entry vehicle test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1962 December 19 - . 21:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Nike Zeus. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus. LV Configuration: Nike Zeus-3.
  • PM-19/Eniwetok - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1963 December 19 - .
  • NASA position on the Defense Department's Manned Orbiting Laboratory project. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: McNamara; Webb. Spacecraft: MOL. NASA Hq advised the centers regarding the agency's official position vis-a-vis the Defense Department's Manned Orbiting Laboratory project. Both NASA and DOD viewed MOL as a project designed to fulfill immediate military requirements. The project could not be construed as meeting the much broader objectives and goals of a national space station program being studied by both organizations under post-Apollo research and development program policy agreements between NASA Administrator James E. Webb and Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara (dated 14 September 1963).

1963 December 19 - .
  • First three prototype Apollo fuel cells delivered - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Fuel Cell. Summary: Pratt and Whitney Aircraft delivered the first three prototype-A fuel cells to North American..

1963 December 19 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC32B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1B 447.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1963 December 19 - . 09:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92. LV Configuration: Vostok 8A92 G15001-03.
  • Cosmos 24 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 15. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2. Duration: 9.00 days. Decay Date: 1963-12-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 712 . COSPAR: 1963-052A. Apogee: 391 km (242 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 90.50 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

1963 December 19 - . 18:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-4. LV Configuration: Scout X-4 S122R.
  • Explorer 19 - . Payload: ADE A. Mass: 7.00 kg (15.40 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Langley. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft: ADE. Decay Date: 1981-05-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 714 . COSPAR: 1963-053A. Apogee: 2,391 km (1,485 mi). Perigee: 597 km (370 mi). Inclination: 78.6000 deg. Period: 115.90 min. Summary: 12 foot dia. balloon; identical to Explorer 9; atmospheric density studies. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1964 December 19 - . 00:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2. LV Configuration: Minuteman 2 452.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1964 December 19 - . 21:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena D SLV-2A/D. LV Configuration: Thor SLV-2A Agena D 424 / Agena D SS-01A 1607.
  • KH-4A 1015 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1015 / Agena D 1607 / OPS 3358. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; CIA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1965-01-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 961 . COSPAR: 1964-085A. Apogee: 405 km (251 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 74.9000 deg. Period: 90.50 min. Summary: KH-4A. Discrepancies in planned and actual coverage due to telemetry problems during the first 6 revolutions. Small out-of-focus areas on film from aft camera..

1965 December 19 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1966 December 19 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92.
  • Cosmos 136 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 47. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1966-12-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 2624 . COSPAR: 1966-115A. Apogee: 281 km (174 mi). Perigee: 197 km (122 mi). Inclination: 64.6000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite. Also carried science package..

1967 December 19 - .
  • Lunar Exploration Office established - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. NASA Hq. announced establishment of the Lunar Exploration Office within the Office of Manned Space Flight's Apollo Program Office. The new office, headed by Lee R. Scherer, merged program units directing Apollo lunar exploration and planning exploration beyond the first manned lunar landing. OMSF would staff the Systems Development element; the Lunar Science group would be staffed by the Office of Space Science and Applications, which would approve operating plans and scientific objectives, payloads, and principal investigators for specific missions.

1967 December 19 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 196 - . Payload: DS-U1-G s/n 2. Mass: 352 kg (776 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U1-G. Completed Operations Date: 1968-02-07 . Decay Date: 1968-07-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 3074 . COSPAR: 1967-125A. Apogee: 869 km (539 mi). Perigee: 220 km (130 mi). Inclination: 48.7000 deg. Period: 95.50 min. Summary: Studied the relationship between variations in the upper atmosphere and solar activity..

1968 December 19 - .
  • Trouble in Star City - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Kamanin is called to a meeting with Moroz - the topic - how to reassure the General Staff about the Beregovoi decision? Word has reached the top that there is 'conflict in Kamanin's bureaucracy'....

1968 December 19 - . 00:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta M. LV Configuration: Thor Delta M 536/D63.
  • Intelsat 3 F-2 - . Mass: 293 kg (645 lb). Nation: International. Agency: INTELSAT. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Intelsat 3. Completed Operations Date: 1977-01-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 3623 . COSPAR: 1968-116A. Apogee: 37,111 km (23,059 mi). Perigee: 35,984 km (22,359 mi). Inclination: 15.1000 deg. Period: 1,475.20 min. Over Brazil. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Atlantic Ocean at 24 deg W in 1969-1970. As of 3 September 2001 located at 96.04 deg E drifting at 9.557 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 48.04W drifting at 9.553W degrees per day.

1968 December 19 - . 23:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 261 - . Payload: DS-U2-GK s/n 1. Mass: 347 kg (765 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U2-GK. Completed Operations Date: 1969-02-12 . Decay Date: 1969-02-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 3624 . COSPAR: 1968-117A. Apogee: 637 km (395 mi). Perigee: 206 km (128 mi). Inclination: 71.2000 deg. Period: 93.00 min. Summary: Conducted complex geophysical studies of the upper atmosphere, including aiir density and auroral investigations..

1969 December 19 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC161/35. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 December 19 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1970 December 19 - .
  • Differences between VVS and Mishin enumerated. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Mishin; Smirnov; Ustinov; Stroganov. Program: Salyut; Lunar L3. Flight: Soyuz 10. Lunokhod-1 and Venera-7 missions continue well. The NIITsPK conference is completed, final total 88 papers. The conference has recommended a cautious build-up in manned flight durations - the next mission should be 22 days long, then 26, then 30. But Ustinov has ordered Mishin to ensure that the first flight to DOS will be 30 days long. Kamanin is categorically opposed to this. Kamanin runs through the principal differences between himself and Mishin:
    • Mishin wants to continue work on the N1-L3 moon project. Kamanin thinks the whole thing should be cancelled
    • Kamanin wants the L3 to land on Soviet territory. Mishin wants it to land in the Indian Ocean
    • Mishin wants to make the next manned flight 30 days long. Kamanin wants to limit it to 18 days
    Mishin has the Soviet Ministers (Smirnov), and the Central Committee (Ustinov, Stroganov, etc) behind him. Kamanin has only shaky support from the VVS...

1970 December 19 - . 03:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170. LV Configuration: Aerobee 170 NASA 13.11UG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1971 December 19 - . 22:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 1-19 - . Payload: Molniya-1. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Molniya-1. Decay Date: 1977-04-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 5712 . COSPAR: 1971-115A. Apogee: 39,126 km (24,311 mi). Perigee: 522 km (324 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 703.50 min. Summary: Operation of a system of long range telephone-telegraph radiocommunication, and transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to the stations of the Orbita network..

1971 December 19 - . 23:33 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: IIAE Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2. LV Configuration: Orion-2 Campus.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1972 December 19 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • HK-3 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 December 19 - .
  • Landing of Apollo 17 - . Return Crew: Cernan; Evans; Schmitt. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Cernan; Evans; Schmitt. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 17. Reentry, landing, and recovery were normal. The Apollo 17 command module parachuted into the mid-Pacific at 19:25 GMT, 6.4 kilometers from the prime recovery ship, U.S.S. Ticonderoga. The crew was picked up by helicopter and was on board the U.S.S. Ticonderoga 52 minutes after the CM landed. Manned exploration of the moon had ended.

1973 December 19 - . 09:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53724-112.
  • Cosmos 617 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 57. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6985 . COSPAR: 1973-104A. Apogee: 1,484 km (922 mi). Perigee: 1,334 km (828 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.
  • Cosmos 623 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 63. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6991 . COSPAR: 1973-104G. Apogee: 1,485 km (922 mi). Perigee: 1,387 km (861 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min.
  • Cosmos 618 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 58. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6986 . COSPAR: 1973-104B. Apogee: 1,487 km (923 mi). Perigee: 1,444 km (897 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.20 min.
  • Cosmos 624 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 64. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6992 . COSPAR: 1973-104H. Apogee: 1,485 km (922 mi). Perigee: 1,351 km (839 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.20 min.
  • Cosmos 622 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 62. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6990 . COSPAR: 1973-104F. Apogee: 1,485 km (922 mi). Perigee: 1,370 km (850 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.40 min.
  • Cosmos 619 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 59. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6987 . COSPAR: 1973-104C. Apogee: 1,488 km (924 mi). Perigee: 1,424 km (884 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 620 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 60. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6988 . COSPAR: 1973-104D. Apogee: 1,493 km (927 mi). Perigee: 1,459 km (906 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.50 min.
  • Cosmos 621 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 61. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6989 . COSPAR: 1973-104E. Apogee: 1,485 km (922 mi). Perigee: 1,406 km (873 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.

1973 December 19 - . 22:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.03CS.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1974 December 19 - . 02:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2914. LV Configuration: Delta 2914 599/D106.
  • Symphonie 1 - . Payload: Symphonie MV1. Mass: 221 kg (487 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES; DFVLR. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Symphonie. Completed Operations Date: 1983-08-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 7578 . COSPAR: 1974-101A. Apogee: 35,893 km (22,302 mi). Perigee: 35,853 km (22,277 mi). Inclination: 14.9000 deg. Period: 1,440.50 min. Experimental commsat. Jointly registered by the Federal Republic of Germany (A/AC.105/INF.305) and France (A/AC.105/INF.306). Symphonie flying model no. 1, constructed jointly by France and the Federal Republic of Germany. Description: Experimental teleco mmunications satellite. Orbit: geostationary. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Atlantic Ocean at 11 deg W in 1975-1977; over the Indian Ocean 49 deg E in 1977-1983 As of 25 August 2001 located at 179.98 deg E drifting at 1.086 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 72.77E drifting at 1.184W degrees per day.

1975 December 19 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53721-263. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: U.
  • DS-P1-M - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. COSPAR: F751219A. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Summary: Target for IS ASAT systems tests..

1976 December 19 - . 18:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 3D. LV Configuration: Titan IIID 23D-15.
  • KH-11 no. 1 - . Payload: KH-11 no. 1 / OPS 5705. Mass: 13,300 kg (29,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; CIA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-11. Decay Date: 1979-01-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 9627 . COSPAR: 1976-125A. Apogee: 531 km (329 mi). Perigee: 246 km (152 mi). Inclination: 96.9000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Summary: KH-11 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..

1977 December 19 - . 21:36 GMT - .
1978 December 19 - . 01:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Cosmos 1063 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 18. Mass: 4,000 kg (8,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. Decay Date: 2001-11-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 11155 . COSPAR: 1978-117A. Apogee: 524 km (325 mi). Perigee: 518 km (321 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 95.10 min.

1978 December 19 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM. LV Configuration: Proton-K/DM 295-02. FAILURE: Block DM malfunction, wrong orbit.. Failed Stage: 4.
  • Gorizont 1 - . Payload: Gorizont s/n 11L. Mass: 2,100 kg (4,600 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Gorizont . Completed Operations Date: 1980-01-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 11158 . COSPAR: 1978-118A. Apogee: 49,371 km (30,677 mi). Perigee: 22,193 km (13,790 mi). Inclination: 22.4000 deg. Period: 1,435.90 min. Did not achieve geostationary orbit due to malfunction of Block D. Operation of telephone and telegraph radiocommunications and transmission of television programmes. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Indian Ocean at 53 deg E in 1979-1980 As of 29 August 2001 located at 75.87 deg E drifting at 0.132 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 57.49E drifting at 0.119E degrees per day.

1979 December 19 - . 01:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Solar Ultraviolet/Solar Extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1980 December 19 - . 17:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1981 December 19 - . 01:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E/SVS. LV Configuration: Atlas E/SVS 76E. FAILURE: Failure.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Navstar 7 - . Payload: GPS SVN 7. Mass: 770 kg (1,690 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: GPS Block 1. Decay Date: 1981-12-18 . COSPAR: F811219A. Summary: Global Positioning System..

1981 December 19 - . 11:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1330 - . Payload: Yantar-2K s/n 952. Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-2K. Duration: 31.00 days. Decay Date: 1982-01-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 13008 . COSPAR: 1981-121A. Apogee: 376 km (233 mi). Perigee: 164 km (101 mi). Inclination: 70.4000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1981 December 19 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1.
  • FOCCA I Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Spain. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1983 December 19 - . 19:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1983 December 19 - . 20:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1984 December 19 - . 03:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: K65M-RB.
  • Cosmos 1614 - . Mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Buran. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: BOR-4. Duration: 0.0500 days. Decay Date: 1984-12-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 15442 . COSPAR: 1984-126A. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi). Perigee: 174 km (108 mi). Inclination: 50.7000 deg. Period: 88.50 min. Summary: Last flight of the subscale Spiral spaceplane. Recovered December 19, 1984 5:26 GMT, in the Black Sea after one orbit of the Earth..

1985 December 19 - . 08:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 65022-348.
  • Cosmos 1709 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 16368 . COSPAR: 1985-116A. Apogee: 1,012 km (628 mi). Perigee: 958 km (595 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Summary: Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1610..

1988 December 19 - . Launch Site: Haikou. Launch Vehicle: Zhinui. LV Configuration: Zhinui ZN-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1990 December 19 - . 15:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1991 December 19 - . 11:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2. LV Configuration: Proton-K/DM-2 355-01.
  • Raduga 28 - . Payload: Raduga s/n 39L. Mass: 1,965 kg (4,332 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Raduga . USAF Sat Cat: 21821 . COSPAR: 1991-087A. Apogee: 35,799 km (22,244 mi). Perigee: 35,786 km (22,236 mi). Inclination: 6.4000 deg. Period: 1,436.40 min. Telephone and telegraph communications and transmission of television programmes. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 35 deg E in 1992-1999; 45 deg E in 1999. As of 5 September 2001 located at 61.74 deg E drifting at 0.302 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 115.81E drifting at 0.085E degrees per day.

1995 December 19 - . 01:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-26?.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 406 km (252 mi).

1996 December 19 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 53 km (32 mi).

1998 December 19 - .
  • Death of Bernhard Tessmann - . Nation: Austria; Germany. Related Persons: Tessmann. Summary: Austrian-German engineer, leading engine test at Peenemuende from 1936. In 1943 evacuated to Koelpinsee; designed V-2 mobile launcher and planned Zement facility at Ebensee. In US from 1945, worked as von Braun's Deputy Director for Testing..

1998 December 19 - . 11:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Complex: Taiyuan LC1. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-2C/SD. LV Configuration: Chang Zheng 2C-III/SD CZ2C-20 (55).
  • Iridium 11 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV088?. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25577 . COSPAR: 1998-074A. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 2. Ascending node 197 degrees. Parking orbit..
  • Iridium 20 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV089?. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25578 . COSPAR: 1998-074B. Apogee: 710 km (440 mi). Perigee: 709 km (440 mi). Inclination: 86.5000 deg. Period: 99.00 min. Summary: Plane 2. Ascending node 197.2 degrees. Parking orbit..

1999 December 19 - .
2000 December 19 - . 11:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Lynx. LV Configuration: Terrier Lynx NASA 12.50DP.
  • NAWC test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; SMDC. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2003 December 19 - .
  • Beagle 2 Separation From Mars Express, Successful - . Nation: UK. Spacecraft: Mars Express.

2006 December 19 - . 14:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53727-226.
  • SAR-Lupe 1 - . Mass: 770 kg (1,690 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: BWB. Manufacturer: Bremen. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: SAR-Lupe. USAF Sat Cat: 29658 . COSPAR: 2006-060A. Apogee: 506 km (314 mi). Perigee: 467 km (290 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 94.30 min. Summary: First of five planned German military surveillance satellites using synthetic aperture radar for target coverage at night and in all weathers. Orbital plane ascending node 143 deg..

2007 December 19 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 12/19/07 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Love; Malenchenko; Tani; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-1; ISS EP-14; STS-122. Today at ~5:30am EST, the ISS, specifically its FGB module, completed 52,000 orbits of the Earth, having covered a distance of 2.

    billion kilometers (1.37 billion st.miles) in 3316 days. The 19,300 kg (42,600 lbs) Zarya ('Dawn') was launched on a Russian/Khrunichev Proton from Baikonur over nine years ago (11/20/1998) as the first element of the multi-national space station.<<<<

    After wakeup and before breakfast, FE-2 Dan Tani again accessed the SLEEP experiment (Sleep-Wake Actigraphy & Light Exposure during Spaceflight) software for data logging and completing questionnaire entries in the experiment's laptop session file on the HRF-1 laptop for later downlink. (To monitor the crewmember's sleep/wake patterns and light exposure, Dan wears a special Actiwatch device which measures the light levels encountered by him as well as his patterns of sleep and activity throughout the Expedition. The log entries are done within 15 minutes of final awakening for seven consecutive days, as part of the crew's discretionary 'job jar' task list.) Additional Details: ISS On-Orbit Status 12/19/07.


2010 December 19 - . 02:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • ECOMA 9 - . Nation: Germany; Norway. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi). Summary: Meteor dust payload..

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