Encyclopedia Astronautica
February 01


February 01 Chronology


1904 February 1 - .
  • Birth of Hans Lindenberg - . Nation: Germany; USA. Summary: German-American rocket technician from Dresden. Died at Fort Bliss, Texas..

1905 February 1 - .
  • Birth of Lloyd Viel Berkner - . Nation: USA. Summary: American engineer. Leading organiser of the International Geophysical Year in 1957-1958.

1925 February 1 - .
  • Birth of Edward J Hujsak - . Nation: USA. Summary: American engineer. Designer of rocket engines and advanced launch vehicle designs; worked on the Rascal, Atlas, Centaur, and Space Station programs..

1925 February 1 - .
  • Birth of John Finley Yardley - . Nation: USA. Summary: American engineer. Headed the Mercury, Gemini, and Skylab programs at McDonnell; led development of the space shuttle through its first flight at NASA..

1928 February 1 - .
  • International Astronautics Prize - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Esnault-Peltrie. Robert Esnault-Peltrie and banker Andre Hirsch establish an International Astronautics Prize of 5000 Francs to be awarded annually for the best scientific, theoretical or experimental work in rocketry and space travel. The prize is discontinued after its value is wiped out in the financial crisis of the early 1930's.

1930 February 1 - .
  • VfR bankrupt. - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Nebel. Summary: Nebel, general secretary of the VfR, files bankruptcy papers with the German courts. However he does not inform any of the other members of his actions. The fact is not known until 1933..

1935 February 1 - .
1937 February 1 - . LV Family: Goddard. Launch Vehicle: Goddard L-B.
  • Flight of Goddard series L section B rocket - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Apogee: 0.57 km (0.35 mi). Summary: Rocket was equipped with gyro, air and blast vanes; length 16 ft 7 5/8 in.; diameter 9 in.; altitude 1870 ft; duration 20.5 sec; corrected well; ground behind flame deflector turned green and glazed by heat..

1940 February 1 - .
  • Birth of Franco Rossitto - . Nation: Italy. Summary: Italian physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986..

1943 February 1 - .
  • First US rocket-powered guided missile. - . Nation: USA. Summary: Navy Engineering Experiment Station Annapolis completed development of rocket engine for Pelican radio-controlled pilotless aircraft (never used operationally)..

1945 February 1 - .
  • Kammler put in charge of jet engine production. - . Nation: Germany. In addition to responsibility for the V-weapons, Kammler was tasked with producing jet engines for manned aircraft in the northern section of the Mittelwerk. He was successful in keeping production going, but in the end, with the cities of Germany in ruins, its air bases were full of new jet fighters, but there was no fuel to operate them. There was no longer fuel for trucks, and horses had to be used for transport. There was an even bigger backlog of aircraft and missile hardware in the tunnels of Mittelwerk, but they remained there due to lack of transport. As a weapon for the jet fighters, the 5 cm R4M powder rocket was used. Each fighter had 48 of these rockets, each of which weighed 7 kg and could propel 500 g of explosive at 400 m/s to a range of 1200 to 1500 m.

1946 February 1 - .
1949 February 1 - . 18:38 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-8. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-8 NRL 3. FAILURE: Failure..
  • Venus 3 Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 0 km ( mi). Summary: Solar radiation research. Launched at 1138 local time. Failure..

1951 February 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-1. Launch Vehicle: R-1. LV Configuration: R-1 IIIA-6.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1952 February 1 - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman SLED. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: MX-775.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 February 1 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg.
  • Camp Cooke again inactivated. (Future Vandenberg) - . Nation: USA.

1954 February 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Honest John. LV Configuration: Honest John 402ST.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 February 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1955 February 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5M.
  • ZI test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1955 February 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5M.
  • ZI test launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Summary: The first phase of flight trials were conducted from 21 January to July 1955. Of the 14 launches, 13 were successful..

1956 February 1 - .
  • USAF RFP - Manned Ballistic Rocket Research System - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Summary: USAF issues request for industry proposals for Project 7969 Manned Ballistic Rocket Research System. Two year study period..

1956 February 1 - . LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter C.
  • ABMA established. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Summary: Army activated the Army Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA) at Redstone Arsenal, Huntsville, Ala., to weaponize the Redstone and to develop the Jupiter IRBM..

1956 February 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5M. LV Configuration: R-5M M-5RD.
  • R-7 component test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1957 February 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica I.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1958 February 1 - .
  • Death of Serenti Shiborin. Reported killed on a sub-orbital flight in February 1958. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Shiborin. Summary: Russian phantom cosmonaut. Oberth claimed in 1959 that a pilot was killed on a sub-orbital flight from Kapustin Yar in early 1958. Italian press linked Shiborin name to this flight. No other evidence..

1958 February 1 - . 03:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC26A. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter C. LV Configuration: Jupiter C/Juno I RS-29.
  • Explorer 1 - . Payload: Explorer A. Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Agency: USA. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Explorer A. Decay Date: 1970-03-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 4 . COSPAR: 1958-Alpha-1. Apogee: 1,859 km (1,155 mi). Perigee: 347 km (215 mi). Inclination: 33.2000 deg. Period: 107.20 min. Explorer I, the first U.S. earth satellite, was launched by a modified Army Ballistic Missile Agency Jupiter-C. Explorer I, developed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, carried the U.S.-IGY (International Geophysical Year) experiment of James A. Van Allen and resulted in the discovery of the radiation belt around the earth.

1959 February 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal.
  • - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1960 February 1 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn C-2.
  • Lunar Exploration Program Based Upon Saturn Systems - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. The Army Ballistic Missile Agency submitted to NASA the study entitled "A Lunar Exploration Program Based Upon Saturn-Boosted Systems." In addition to the subjects specified in the preliminary report of October 1, 1959, it included manned lunar landings.

1960 February 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: Monica IV.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ATEF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1961 February 1 - .
  • Birth of Daniel Michio Tani - . Nation: USA. Summary: Japanese-American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-108, ISS EO-16-1..

1961 February 1 - . 15:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31A. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1A 401.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1961 February 1 - . 18:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmdale Omni DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-20-35.
  • X-15A Ball/side controller test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 1949 kph. Maximum Altitude - 15170 m..

1962 February 1 - .
  • Communist China and Soviet Union split in conflict over Communist ideology. - . Nation: China.

1962 February 1 - .
  • Mercury MA-6 scheduled - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Flight: Mercury MA-6. Summary: NASA Headquarters announced that the Mercury-Atlas 6 (MA-6) manned orbital mission would be scheduled no earlier than February 13, 1962, and that repair of the Atlas launch vehicle fuel tank leak would be completed well before that time..

1962 February 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Nike Zeus. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus. LV Configuration: Nike Zeus-3.
  • 3 stage control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 February 1 - .
  • 35 Soviet Cosmonauts in six groups in training - . Nation: USSR. Flight: Vostok 5; Vostok 6; Vostok 6A; Vostok 7; Vostok 8; Vostok 9; Vostok 10. These were:
    • Group 1 - Four cosmonauts (Solovyova, Ponomareva, Tereshkova, Yerkina) in final training for two simultaneous female flights in March 1963
    • Group 2: Three male cosmonauts (Komarov, Bykovsky, Volynov) in training for two or three individual flights of over five days duration in the second half of 1963
    • Group 3: Four flown cosmonauts (Gagarin, Titov, Nikolayev, Popovich) in academic training but also very occupied in public relations tasks
    • Group 4: Six cosmonauts from the first group - not trained for Vostok and available for Vostok or Soyuz flights in 1964 and later (Nelyubov, Shonin, Khrunov, Zikin, Gorbutko, Filyatev)
    • Group 5: Seven pilot-cosmonauts, just selected and starting training
    • Group 6: Eight engineer-cosmonauts, just started training.

1963 February 1 - . LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511.
  • Soyuz 'leaves drafting boards' - . Nation: USSR. Program: Lunar L1. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft: Soyuz A. Summary: Soyuz 'leaves drafting boards'..

1963 February 1 - . LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 1.
  • Martlet 1 Shot 2 - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi). Summary: The second Martlet One flew for 146 seconds. It rose to an altitude of 27 km and landed about 11 km down range. These two flights were sufficient to prove the launch concept. The initial test series also included several wooden test slugs..

1964 February 1 - .
  • Korolev's plans - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Beregovoi; Volynov. Program: Vostok; Lunar L1. Flight: Vostok 7; Vostok 8; Vostok 9; Vostok 10; Vostok 11; Vostok 12; Soyuz A-3. Spacecraft: Vostok. Korolev is supporting establishment of a new institute, the IMBP, for study of biological reactions to spaceflight. He plans to complete 8 additional Vostok capsules, of which two or three will be used for unmanned life sciences missions. There is continued controversy over the next few days about the acceleration of Beregovoi's training to qualify him for an early spaceflight, and Volynov's movement from the Vostok to Soyuz training groups.

1965 February 1 - . Launch Site: Ellsworth AFB. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1.
  • Last Titan I ICBM taken off alert status at Ellsworth AFB - . Nation: USA.

1965 February 1 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg.
  • AFWTR replaces PMR. - . Nation: USA. Summary: Five months ahead of the original schedule, Air Force Western Test Range (AFWTR) assumed responsibilities for intercontinental ballistic missile and space vehicle support functions from the Navy's Pacific Missile Range..

1965 February 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho.
  • Tir 1 test - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: First launch of prototype single-stage MD.620..

1966 February 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC110L. LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • Construction starts on N1 launch pad 110 west. - . Nation: USSR. Program: Lunar L3.

1966 February 1 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NRL NE3.156R.
  • Spectroheliograph Solar soft x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1966 February 1 - . 20:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.182GM.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1966 February 1 - . 20:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.147GM.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1967 February 1 - .
1967 February 1 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • Government approves landing on moon by end 1968 - . Nation: USSR. Program: Lunar L3. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-LOK. Soviet government approves plan to land cosmonaut on moon by end 1968. N-1 test plan approved, envisioning third quarter 1967 as beginning of flight hardware construction. Fall-back project would be manned circumlunar mission. First manned L1 mission imagined as early as June 1967. First N1 launch by March 1968.

1967 February 1 - . 01:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.311CM.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 194 km (120 mi).

1967 February 1 - . 01:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.217GM.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1967 February 1 - . 03:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.317UM.
  • UM Pitot 27 / Rel? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1967 February 1 - . 03:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.312CM.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1967 February 1 - . 04:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.218GM.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1967 February 1 - . 05:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.318UM.
  • UM Pitot 28 / Rel? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1967 February 1 - . 05:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.313CM.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 194 km (120 mi).

1967 February 1 - . 07:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.219GM.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1967 February 1 - . 08:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.316UM.
  • UM Pitot 29 / Rel? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1967 February 1 - . 08:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.323CM.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1967 February 1 - . 09:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.220GM.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1967 February 1 - . 11:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.314CM.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1967 February 1 - . 11:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.322UM.
  • UM Pitot 30 / Rel? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1967 February 1 - . 14:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.221GM.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1968 February 1 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 3. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV. LV Configuration: Athena B037.
  • USN B037 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1968 February 1 - . 05:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-34.
  • ESRO C36 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1968 February 1 - . 18:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.264GM.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1968 February 1 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.259GM.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1968 February 1 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.260GM.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1968 February 1 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.261GM.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1968 February 1 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.262GM.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1969 February 1 - . 12:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. FAILURE: Upper stage failure.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Meteor - . Payload: Meteor no. 11. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Spacecraft: Meteor. COSPAR: F690201A.

1970 February 1 - . LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K. LV Configuration: Proton 8K82K.
  • Space station programs rationalised. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Chelomei; Mishin. Program: Almaz. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Spacecraft: Almaz OPS; Soyuz 7K-S; Soyuz OB-VI; Salyut 1. Brezhnev orders a cooperative crash program to build a civilian space station to beat Skylab into orbit. The civilian station (later named Salyut) will use the Almaz spaceframe fitted out with Soyuz functional equipment. Mishin's OIS military station was cancelled and Chelomei's Almaz would continue, but as second priority to the civilian station. The Soyuz 7K-S station ferry, the 7K-ST, would be revised to be a more conservative modification of the Soyuz 7K-OK. The OIS cosmonaut group was incorporated into the Almaz group.

1970 February 1 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima T. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: JCR. LV Configuration: JCR-3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1971 February 1 - .
  • Military Soviet of the VVS considers manned space plans - Day 1. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Spiral OS. The Military Soviet of the VVS meets from 10:00 to 15:00. Kamanin's draft decree is debated. The Apollo 14 launch has bolstered interest in Soviet spaceflight. Problems with the decree are identified, but solved. Kamanin is particularly happy that mention is made of good use of crewed spacecraft designs as opposed to total automation.

1971 February 1 - .
  • Taifun-1 accepted into military service. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Summary: Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On adoption of the Taifun-1 into armaments' was issued..

1971 February 1 - .
  • Salyut shipped to Baikonur - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Mishin; Semenov; Chelomei; Bugayskiy. Program: Salyut. Spacecraft: Salyut 1. The first DOS station was shipped in to Baikonur in an incomplete state. Work continued to complete it day and night without break. The old MIK at Baikonur was used to prepare the Soyuz launch vehicle and 7K-TOK ferry spacecraft. The station was to be called Zarya, or 'Dawn', but the name was changed just before launch to prevent confusion with the secret Chinese manned spacecraft of the same name. Additional Details: Salyut shipped to Baikonur.

1971 February 1 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima T. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: JCR. LV Configuration: JCR-5.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1971 February 1 - . 22:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Terrier Tomahawk SECEDE R17. FAILURE: Failure.
  • SPRUCE II (Probe B) Aeronomy / Fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1971 February 1 - . 22:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Terrier Tomahawk SECEDE R18.
  • SPRUCE II (Probe C) Ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1972 February 1 - .
  • MSFC and MSC completed a Memorandum of Agreement with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) for support contracts for Skylab. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Apollo ATM. The contract would include both ATM and crew radiation monitoring support in the areas concerning the solar network and Mission Control Center Operations. ATM support performed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration as required by MSFC and MSC would be contracted for by MSC, with that Center providing the technical monitor for the contract and technical direction during the mission simulation and inflight operations phases. Requirements would include a variety of solar data on current solar conditions and predicted solar conditions. These data would ensure effective scheduling of ATM experiments and ATM data for Principal Investigators in the form of photographs, line drawings, etc., to support their detailed analyses of solar activity. The crew radiation monitoring support would be contracted by MSC, with all technical direction provided by the MSC technical monitor. These activities would include management and operation of facilities for acquisition and transmission of solar data for crew radiation monitoring during simulations and inflight operations; a 24-hour solar watch and photographic record; and monitoring of current and future radiation environments to provide an assessment of the biological effect on the flight crew.

1973 February 1 - .
1973 February 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 February 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 February 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 February 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 February 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 February 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 February 1 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Alfa. LV Configuration: Alfa 001.
  • Spurious? - . Nation: Italy. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi). Summary: First test flight of Italian submarine- and ship-launched ballistic missile. Dummy second stage. Successful 57 second flight..

1973 February 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 February 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 February 1 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 547 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1973-02-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 6353 . COSPAR: 1973-006A. Apogee: 309 km (192 mi). Perigee: 203 km (126 mi). Inclination: 64.0000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule..

1973 February 1 - . 14:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C.
  • DLR N-BBVC-52 Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 308 km (191 mi).

1974 February 1 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Vehicle: Temp-2S.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 February 1 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 February 1 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 February 1 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima T. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: JCR. LV Configuration: JCR-10.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1975 February 1 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle.
  • Lower-cost shuttle external tank - . Nation: USA. Grumman completes a study of a lower-cost external tank. It would use a Nomex core, aluminium liner, and E-glass/epoxy exterior. Although lower in cost than the baseline aluminium tank, it would be slightly heavier. Given the critical weight growth problem with the shuttle, it was not proceeded with. In fact, a continuous program of weight reduction for the baseline tank was introduced. Batch 1 External Tanks were already from 500 to 1040 kg lighter than the first tank. Batch 2, set for delivery from June 1982 to Vandenberg AFB for USAF launches, were 2700 kg lighter. The final "lightweight tank" was over 4500 kg lighter. All of these translated into equivalent additional payload for the shuttle.

1975 February 1 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.27GG.
  • 13-in RC Flight 3 Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1976 February 1 - . 19:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.208UE.
  • Ferdinand 45 / Polar 5 Aurora / active mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA; NTNF. Apogee: 221 km (137 mi).

1977 February 1 - .
  • Death of Benjamin Chidlaw - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chidlaw. Summary: American officer. Deputy, Material Command, 1945-1949; commanded several USAF research and development organizations 1949-1955..

1977 February 1 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF07. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • FOT GT132M Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1978 February 1 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1979 February 1 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Strypi. Launch Vehicle: Strypi. LV Configuration: Strypi SWERVE.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1980 February 1 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1981 February 1 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1982 February 1 - .
  • Death of Robert B Kershner - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kershner. Summary: American Chief Designer. Developer of the Transit navigation satellite system..

1982 February 1 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Thermistor test / Meteorological mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1982 February 1 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S26. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 February 1 - . Launch Site: Fort Bliss. Launch Complex: Fort Bliss MCG. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2. LV Configuration: Pershing 2-1 5.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1984 February 1 - .
  • Death of Louis N Ridenour - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ridenour. Summary: American physicist, served in leading academic, industry, and government positions, notably as chief scientist with the US Air Force in the early 1950s..

1984 February 1 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde. LV Configuration: AN/DMQ-9.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1985 February 1 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg TP-01. Launch Vehicle: Peacekeeper. LV Configuration: Peacekeeper FTM-7.
  • 6 RVs Test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 February 1 - . 19:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 47144-445.
  • Cosmos 1627 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 15505 . COSPAR: 1985-011A. Apogee: 1,015 km (630 mi). Perigee: 955 km (593 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Summary: Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1448..

1986 February 1 - . 05:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.103UH.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1986 February 1 - . 12:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC1. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-3. LV Configuration: Chang Zheng 3 CZ3-3 (13).
  • STTW 1 - . Payload: STTW 1. Mass: 1,024 kg (2,257 lb). Nation: China. Agency: MAI. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: DFH-2. Completed Operations Date: 1990-06-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 16526 . COSPAR: 1986-010A. Apogee: 35,819 km (22,256 mi). Perigee: 35,774 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 9.8000 deg. Period: 1,436.60 min. Second successful DFH-2 launch. Also designated STW-2, the satellite was positioned at 103 deg E. In comparison to the first two DFH-2's, a parabolic antenna reflector replaced the horn antenna. Operated in geosynchronous orbit at 103 deg E in 1986-1990. As of 3 September 2001 located at 102.75 deg E drifting at 0.030 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 46.50E drifting at 0.019E degrees per day.

1986 February 1 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-16.
  • E-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 201 km (124 mi).

1986 February 1 - . 18:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78M-2BL.
  • Cosmos 1729 - . Payload: Oko #46. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Military. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 16527 . COSPAR: 1986-011A. Apogee: 33,130 km (20,580 mi). Perigee: 7,251 km (4,505 mi). Inclination: 68.0000 deg. Period: 718.30 min. Summary: Replaced Cosmos 1569. Covered Oko constellation plane 5 - 75 degree longitude of ascending node..

1987 February 1 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1818 - . Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: RORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military naval surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: Plazma-A. USAF Sat Cat: 17369 . COSPAR: 1987-011A. Apogee: 803 km (498 mi). Perigee: 774 km (480 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 100.60 min. Summary: Test of new Topaz reactor, new systems, and ion engines aboard US-AM bus..

1988 February 1 - . 12:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1989 February 1 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-19.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1990 February 1 - . 08:15 GMT - .
  • EVA Mir EO-5-4 - . Crew: Viktorenko; Serebrov. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.21 days. Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Viktorenko; Serebrov. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Flight: Mir EO-5. Spacecraft: Mir. Summary: Serebrov tested SPK manoeuvring unit..

1990 February 1 - . 12:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 11. LV Configuration: Black Brant XI NASA 39.02UE.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 375 km (233 mi).

1991 February 1 - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-W. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Israel - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1992 February 1 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle.
  • Discovery OMDP-1 - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Spacecraft: Discovery. Shuttle Discovery undergoes its OMDP-1 Orbiter Maintenance Down Period at the Kennedy Space Center. These are undertaken every 10 to 12 shuttle missions. 70 modifications are made, including addition of a brake chute, structural inspection, and thermal protection system refit.

1992 February 1 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-520. LV Configuration: S-520-15.
  • CIR Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 338 km (210 mi).

1993 February 1 - . 18:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1993 February 1 - .
  • Landing of Soyuz TM-15 - . Return Crew: Avdeyev; Solovyov. Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Avdeyev; Solovyov. Program: Mir. Flight: Mir EO-12; Mir EO-13. Aleksandr Solovyov and Sergey Avdeyev undocked from the Mir complex aboard Soyuz TM-15 on February 1 and landed the same day in Kazakhstan after six months in space at 03:47 GMT. Soyuz TM-15's flight was an in-orbit record for a Soyuz spaceship - 188 days 21 h 39 m.

1995 February 1 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT158GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSPC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1996 February 1 - . 01:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas IIAS. LV Configuration: Atlas IIAS AC-126.
  • Palapa C-1 - . Payload: Palapa C1. Nation: Indonesia. Agency: Satelind. Program: Palapa. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 601. USAF Sat Cat: 23779 . COSPAR: 1996-006A. Apogee: 35,798 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,777 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. 30 C-band, 6 Ku-band transponders. Geostationary at 150.4E. Launch vehicle put payload into supersynchronous earth orbit with IFR/MRS trajectory option. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 113 deg E in 1996; 150 deg E in 1996-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 50.03 deg E drifting at 0.006 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 38.04E drifting at 0.007E degrees per day.

1997 February 1 - .
  • Khrunichev Engineer Cosmonaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Moshchenko.

1998 February 1 - .
  • Kelly demonstrates towing. - . Nation: USA. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: LB-X. Summary: Kelly Space & Technology (San Bernardino, CA, USA) successfully demonstrates vehicle towing..

1999 February 1 - .
  • Galileo, Europa 19 Flyby - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Galileo.

2000 February 1 - . 06:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. LV Configuration: Soyuz 11A511U A15000-669.
  • Progress M1-1 - . Payload: Progress M1 s/n 250. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Korolev. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft: Progress M1. Duration: 85.53 days. Decay Date: 2000-04-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 26067 . COSPAR: 2000-005A. Apogee: 348 km (216 mi). Perigee: 342 km (212 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.44 min. Progress M1 was a modification of the Progress M for the International Space Station. The first such spacecraft was diverted to raise the orbit of Mir. It docked with the unoccupied Mir space station on February 3 at 0802:20 GMT. Burns of its motor to raise Mir's orbit began on February 5 and continued through February 9. Progress M1-1 undocked at 16:33 GMT on April 26 to clear the docking port for Progress M1-2. It was deorbited over the Pacific at 19:27 GMT the same day.

2002 February 1 - .
  • ISS Status Report: ISS 02-06 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bursch; Onufrienko; Ross; Walz. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-4. Finishing up a month which saw the crew conduct two spacewalks, Expedition Four Commander Yury Onufrienko and Astronauts Dan Bursch and Carl Walz spent a quiet week aboard the complex this week, completing a host of maintenance tasks, physical exercise and evaluations, and science experiments. Additional Details: ISS Status Report: ISS 02-06.

2003 February 1 - .
  • Loss of STS-107 - . Return Crew: Husband; McCool; Anderson; Chawla; Brown, David; Clark; Ramon. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Husband; McCool; Anderson; Chawla; Brown, David; Clark; Ramon. Program: STS. Flight: STS-107. The shuttle Columbia disintegrated over Texas during re-entry at an altitude of 63.15 km and a speed of Mach 18. All hands aboard were lost. The loss grounded the shuttle fleet pending a failure investigation and left the crew of Bowersox, Pettit and Budarin aboard the International Space Station with a Soyuz emergency return vehicle but without means of major station resupply.

2005 February 1 - . Launch Site: Bay of Biscay Launch Area. Launch Pad: 47.5 N x 4.5 W. Launch Platform: S616. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M45. LV Configuration: MSBS M45 6?.
  • - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

2008 February 1 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 02/01/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Malenchenko; Tani; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-1; STS-122. Happy Birthday, Dan!

    FE-2 Tani started out with the daily reading of SLEEP (Sleep-Wake Actigraphy and Light Exposure during Spaceflight) experiment data accumulated during the night, for logging and filling in questionnaire entries in the SLEEP session file on the HRF-1 laptop for downlink.

    (To monitor the crewmembers' sleep/wake patterns and light exposure, Dan wears a special Actiwatch device which measures the light levels encountered by him as well as his patterns of sleep and activity throughout the Expedition. The log entries are done within 15 minutes of final awakening for seven consecutive days, as part of the crew's discretionary 'job jar' task list.)

    Before breakfast, CDR Whitson completed her 120-Day NUTRITION/w Repository session (blood collection only). Whitson also set up NUTRITION w/Repository hardware for the 24-hour urine sample collections that will begin tomorrow morning and end Sunday morning. Additional Details: ISS On-Orbit Status 02/01/08.


2010 February 1 - . LV Family: Ares.
  • Constellation program is cancelled, including Ares launch vehicle and Orion manned capsule - . Nation: USA. President Obama's provided no budget for Constellation. Instead commercial development of manned spacecraft to provide continued American access to the International Space Station under the COTS and CCDev programs would be encouraged. NASA would instead devote itself to development of propulsion, refuelling, and long-duration manned flight technologies needed for an eventual manned expedition to Mars.

2011 February 1 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Cosmos 2470 - . Payload: Geo-IK-2 No. 11. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 37362 . COSPAR: 2011-005A. Apogee: 1,030 km (640 mi). Perigee: 302 km (187 mi). Inclination: 99.5000 deg. Period: 98.10 min. Summary: Stranded in transfer orbit when the Rokot launch vehicle's Briz-KM upper stage failed to restart for its second burn..

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