Encyclopedia Astronautica
February 12


February 12 Chronology


1915 February 12 - .
  • Birth of Adolf Karl Thiel - . Nation: Germany; USA. Summary: German-American engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter. German expert in guided missiles during WW2. As of January 1947, working at Fort Bliss, Texas. Died at Palos Verdes Estates, California..

1933 February 12 - .
  • Birth of Ivan Nikolayevich Anikeyev - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1963. Left with Filatyev and Nelyubov after alcohol incident. After discharge, again served as Air Force pilot and then navigation officer for ground control services of the Soviet Air Force..

1936 February 12 - . LV Family: Goddard. Launch Vehicle: Goddard K.
  • Last and best of the proving-stand tests of Goddard's K series of rockets. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Summary: Lift 623.5 lb for 4 sec; weight oxygen 25.5 lb; weight gasoline 13.5 lb; jet velocity greater than 4340 ft/sec. Average interval between K-series tests was 8 days..

1945 February 12 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende P7. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 V-273. FAILURE: Failure.
1947 February 12 - .
  • Sikhote-Alin Meteorite Shower - . Nation: USSR.

1952 February 12 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LA. Launch Vehicle: Lark. LV Configuration: Lark 604. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1953 February 12 - . 07:09 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-10 NRL 13.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy / chemical / chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi). Summary: Composition, cosmic radiation research. Launched at 0009 local time. Reached 137.3 km..

1954 February 12 - .
  • Baikonur launch site authorised. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Council of Soviet Ministers (SM) Decree 292-181 'On New Range for the USSR Ministry of Defence-establishment of NIIP-5 at Tyura-Tam' was issued..

1955 February 12 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 1739T.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 February 12 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Guam. LV Family: Rockoon. Launch Vehicle: Loki Rockoon.
  • II5.097 Fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUI. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1958 February 12 - . 00:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC6. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone. LV Configuration: Redstone CC-46.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Successfully fired at 1954 hours EST from AMR. The flight was successful in that all missions were accomplished, with the exception of the Hardtack adaptation kit mission. Impact was 258 meters over and 172 meters to the left of the predicted impact point, a radial miss distance of 310 meters. The primary objectives of the test were to test the warhead and fuse system and the guidance system. Missed aimpoint by 310 m.

1959 February 12 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1960 February 12 - . 04:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC13. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 49D.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1961 February 12 - . 00:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78 L1-6B.
  • Venera 1 - . Payload: 1VA s/n 2, Venera 1 (Sputnik 8, AMS). Mass: 644 kg (1,419 lb). Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Korolev. Agency: RVSN. Program: Venera. Class: Venus. Type: Venus probe. Spacecraft: Venera 1VA. USAF Sat Cat: 80 . COSPAR: 1961-Gamma-1. Venera 1 was the first spacecraft to fly by Venus. The 6424 kg assembly was launched first into a 229 x 282 km parking orbit, then boosted toward Venus by the restartable Molniya upper stage. On 19 February, 7 days after launch, at a distance of about two million km from Earth, contact with the spacecraft was lost. On May 19 and 20, 1961, Venera 1 passed within 100,000 km of Venus and entered a heliocentric orbit. This failure resulted in only the following objectives being met: checking of methods of setting space objects on an interplanetary course; checking of extra-long-range communications with and control of the space station; more accurate calculation of the dimension of the solar system; a number of physical investigations in space. Additional Details: Venera 1.

1962 February 12 - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Nike Zeus. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus. FAILURE: Failure.
  • PM-8 Dummy St 3? - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1963 February 12 - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Marion Power Shovel selected to build the Saturn V crawler-transport - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. NASA selected the Marion Power Shovel Company to design and build the crawler-transport, a device to haul the Apollo space vehicle (Saturn V, complete with spacecraft and associated launch equipment) from the Vertical Assembly Building to the Merritt Island, Fla., launch pad, a distance of about 5.6 kilometers (3.5 miles). The crawler would be 39.6 meters (130 feet) long, 35 meters (115 feet) wide, and 6 meters (20 feet) high, and would weight 2.5 million kilograms (5.5 million pounds). NASA planned to buy two crawlers at a cost of $4 to 5 million each. Formal negotiations began on February 20 and the contract was signed on March 29.

1963 February 12 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • The Manned Spacecraft Center announced a mid-May flight for Mercury-Atlas 9 (MA-9). - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Flight: Mercury MA-9. Summary: Originally scheduled for April, the launch date was delayed by a decision to rewire the Mercury-Atlas flight control system, as a result of the launch vehicle checkout at the plant inspection meeting..

1963 February 12 - . 01:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. Launch Vehicle: Journeyman. LV Configuration: Journeyman NASA 11.06UE.
  • Electron Spectrometer Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,675 km (1,040 mi).

1964 February 12 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1 1962.
  • Kremlin meeting on lunar landing plans - . Nation: USSR. Program: Lunar L3. Spacecraft: L3-1963. VVS officers meet with O G Ivanovskiy for two hours. The Communist Party plans a lunar expedition in the 1968-1970 period. For this the N1 booster will be used, which has a low earth orbit payload of 72 tonnes. The minimum spacecraft to take a crew to the lunar surface and back will have a minimum payload of 200 tonnes; therefore three N1 launches will be required to launch components, which will have to be assembled in orbit. However all of these plans are only on paper, and Kamanin does not see any way the Soviet Union can beat the Americans to the moon, who are already flying Apollo hardware for that mission.

1964 February 12 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C56.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 February 12 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C44.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 February 12 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C52.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 February 12 - . 19:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg OSTF1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E. LV Configuration: Atlas E 48E. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • ST - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1964 February 12 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.28GT.
  • Fin test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1965 February 12 - .
  • Cosmos 57 delayed - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Korolev. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 2. Spacecraft: Voskhod. Summary: Once again the primary Tral system aboard the spacecraft has failed, and it will take 7 to 8 days to replace. Korolev, Kamanin, and the other leaders return to Moscow..

1965 February 12 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2.
  • Gemini-Titan (GT) 3 mission might be flown between March 22 and 25, 1965. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kraft. Flight: Gemini 4. Director of Flight Operations Christopher C. Kraft, Jr., told the Manned Spacecraft Center senior staff that the Gemini-Titan (GT) 3 mission might be flown between March 22 and 25, although it was officially scheduled for the second quarter of 1965. In addition, the Houston control center was being considered for use in the GT-4 mission.

1965 February 12 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: Second stage failed.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • DS-P1-Yu s/n 2 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. COSPAR: F650212A. Summary: Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1965 February 12 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 618. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 February 12 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 618. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 February 12 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 3. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV. LV Configuration: Athena D002. FAILURE: Failure.
  • USAF D002 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1965 February 12 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI56.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1966 February 12 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1968 February 12 - .
  • L1 Expert Commission meeting. - . Nation: USSR. Program: Lunar L1. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1. Kamanin states his belief that the L1 will not be ready for manned flight for 2 to 3 years, and will need 8 unmanned flight tests before it can be man-rated. Others disagree, and the final decision is that four unmanned flights without significant failure will be required before the spacecraft is man-rated.

1968 February 12 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Vehicle: RT-20P. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1969 February 12 - . 03:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.306UI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1969 February 12 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.135DS.
  • NE3.175 Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi). The rocket carried a Naval Research Laboratory payload to 187.9-km altitude to record photographically 18 extreme ultraviolet spectra of solar photosphere, chromosphere, and corona, using a flight design verification unit of the high-resolution spectrograph planned for ATM-A and ATM-B. Rocket and instruments performed satisfactorily.

1970 February 12 - . 03:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1970 February 12 - . 22:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Polar Atmospheric pressure Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1971 February 12 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100M.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 February 12 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1973 February 12 - .
  • Death of Edward S Forman - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Forman. Summary: Early American rocket pioneer; co-founder of Aerojet.

1973 February 12 - . 20:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1974 February 12 - .
  • Mars 5, Mars Orbit Insertion - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Mars M-73.

1974 February 12 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.31UG.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1974 February 12 - . 08:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 632 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4M. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1974-02-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 7117 . COSPAR: 1974-006A. Apogee: 303 km (188 mi). Perigee: 176 km (109 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1975 February 12 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53749-166.
  • Cosmos 708 - . Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Spacecraft: Sfera. USAF Sat Cat: 7663 . COSPAR: 1975-012A. Apogee: 1,410 km (870 mi). Perigee: 1,368 km (850 mi). Inclination: 69.2000 deg. Period: 113.60 min. Summary: Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1975 February 12 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 709 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1975-02-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 7664 . COSPAR: 1975-013A. Apogee: 310 km (190 mi). Perigee: 181 km (112 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1976 February 12 - . LV Family: Energia. Launch Vehicle: Energia.
  • Development of Energia-Buran system authorised - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Buran. The government decree 132-51 authorising development of the Energia-Buran system was titled 'On development of an MKS (reusable space system) consisting of rocket stages, orbiter aircraft, inter-orbital tug, guidance systems, launch and landing facilities, assembly and repair facilities, and other associated facilities, with the objective of placing in a 200 km Northeast orbit a payload of 30 tonnes and returning a payload of 20 tonnes'. The Ministry of Defence was named the Program Manager, with NPO Energia as the prime contractor. The official military specification (TTZ) was issued at the same time with the code name Buran.

1976 February 12 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC140/18. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 February 12 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53731-286.
  • Cosmos 803 - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. USAF Sat Cat: 8688 . COSPAR: 1976-014A. Apogee: 555 km (344 mi). Perigee: 505 km (313 mi). Inclination: 65.9000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Summary: ASAT target. Beginning of test of 'second generation' ASAT interceptor. Objective was to complete test series by 1978 ABM treaty date..

1977 February 12 - . 00:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1979 February 12 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1076 - . Payload: Okean-E no. 1. Mass: 1,950 kg (4,290 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Okean. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources radar satellite. Spacecraft: Okean-E. Completed Operations Date: 1980-03-13 . Decay Date: 2001-08-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 11266 . COSPAR: 1979-011A. Apogee: 530 km (320 mi). Perigee: 514 km (319 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 95.10 min. Summary: Test mission of Okean satellite without the radar. Development of methods for obtaining operational information on the Pacific Ocean..

1980 February 12 - . 00:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. FAILURE: Fourth stage failure.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Cosmos 1164 - . Payload: Oko #13. Mass: 1,890 kg (4,160 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Military. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. Decay Date: 1980-02-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 11700 . COSPAR: 1980-013A. Apogee: 40,856 km (25,386 mi). Perigee: 434 km (269 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 736.80 min. Summary: Left in parking orbit. Decay date suspect Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. Was intended to cover Oko constellation plane 9 - 241 degree longitude of ascending node..

1981 February 12 - . 18:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 65098-320.
  • Cosmos 1244 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 12297 . COSPAR: 1981-013A. Apogee: 1,006 km (625 mi). Perigee: 960 km (590 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Summary: Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1104..

1982 February 12 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: PASSAT. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1983 February 12 - . 07:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.31UL.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1984 February 12 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 47 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1985 February 12 - . 00:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1986 February 12 - . 07:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: N-2. LV Configuration: N-2 N-14(F).
  • Yuri 2B - . Payload: BS-2b. Mass: 677 kg (1,492 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: BS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 3000. Completed Operations Date: 1991-10-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 16597 . COSPAR: 1986-016A. Apogee: 36,135 km (22,453 mi). Perigee: 35,996 km (22,366 mi). Inclination: 2.7000 deg. Period: 1,450.40 min. Stationed at 117 deg E. BS-2b (Yuri-2b). Domestic satellite broadcasting; development of broadcasting satellite technology. Launching organization NASDA. N launch vehicle flight no 14. Launch time 0755 GMT. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 110 deg E in 1986-1991 As of 5 September 2001 located at 13.60 deg W drifting at 3.524 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 77.04E drifting at 3.551W degrees per day.

1987 February 12 - .
1987 February 12 - . Launch Site: Tatishchevo. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Trajectory Test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1987 February 12 - . 06:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 34B. LV Configuration: Titan 34B 34B-51 (3B-66) / Ascent Agena D.
  • USA 21 - . Payload: SDS no. 7. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: SDS. USAF Sat Cat: 17506 . COSPAR: 1987-015A. Apogee: 39,750 km (24,690 mi). Perigee: 610 km (370 mi). Inclination: 63.4000 deg. Period: 718.10 min.

1988 February 12 - .
  • International Cosmonaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: Afghanistan. Related Persons: Masum; Mohmand. Summary: Training group of Afghan 'guest cosmonauts' for a propaganda flight to the Mir space station..

1989 February 12 - . 07:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: PASSAT. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1990 February 12 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 734. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5.
  • DASO-1 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1990 February 12 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 734. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5.
  • PEM-8 test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1991 February 12 - . 02:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 47187-204.
  • Cosmos 2125 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 345. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 21100 . COSPAR: 1991-009A. Apogee: 1,473 km (915 mi). Perigee: 1,458 km (905 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.20 min. Summary: Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 2127 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 347. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 21102 . COSPAR: 1991-009C. Apogee: 1,478 km (918 mi). Perigee: 1,467 km (911 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.40 min.
  • Cosmos 2126 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 346. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 21101 . COSPAR: 1991-009B. Apogee: 1,496 km (929 mi). Perigee: 1,467 km (911 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.60 min.
  • Cosmos 2128 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 348. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 21103 . COSPAR: 1991-009D. Apogee: 1,469 km (912 mi). Perigee: 1,445 km (897 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 2129 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 349. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 21104 . COSPAR: 1991-009E. Apogee: 1,469 km (912 mi). Perigee: 1,430 km (880 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.90 min.
  • Cosmos 2131 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 351. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 21106 . COSPAR: 1991-009G. Apogee: 1,468 km (912 mi). Perigee: 1,387 km (861 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.40 min.
  • Cosmos 2132 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 352. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 21107 . COSPAR: 1991-009H. Apogee: 1,469 km (912 mi). Perigee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min.
  • Cosmos 2130 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 350. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 21105 . COSPAR: 1991-009F. Apogee: 1,469 km (912 mi). Perigee: 1,401 km (870 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min.

1991 February 12 - . 03:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-520. LV Configuration: S-520-14.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 353 km (219 mi).

1991 February 12 - . 09:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 12. LV Configuration: Black Brant XII NASA 40.01UE.
  • TOPAZ 3 Active plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1994 February 12 - . 08:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 2268 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 93. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 22999 . COSPAR: 1994-011A. Apogee: 1,441 km (895 mi). Perigee: 1,420 km (880 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.30 min. Summary: Six satellites launched by a single carrier rocket. The space objects served the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation..
  • Cosmos 2271 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 96. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 23002 . COSPAR: 1994-011D. Apogee: 1,441 km (895 mi). Perigee: 1,420 km (880 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.30 min.
  • Cosmos 2272 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 97. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 23003 . COSPAR: 1994-011E. Apogee: 1,441 km (895 mi). Perigee: 1,420 km (880 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.30 min.
  • Cosmos 2273 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 98. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 23004 . COSPAR: 1994-011F. Apogee: 1,441 km (895 mi). Perigee: 1,420 km (880 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.30 min.
  • Cosmos 2270 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 95. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 23001 . COSPAR: 1994-011C. Apogee: 1,441 km (895 mi). Perigee: 1,420 km (880 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.30 min.
  • Cosmos 2269 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 94. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 23000 . COSPAR: 1994-011B. Apogee: 1,441 km (895 mi). Perigee: 1,420 km (880 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.30 min.

1994 February 12 - . 13:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.233UE.
  • Aria-II Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1994 February 12 - . 13:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.232UE.
  • Aria-II Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1994 February 12 - . 13:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.131CE.
  • Aria-II Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi).

1995 February 12 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Aries. LV Configuration: Aries LEAP Target.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: BMDO. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1997 February 12 - . 04:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M-V. LV Family: M-V. Launch Vehicle: M-V. LV Configuration: M-V M-V-1.
  • Haruka - . Payload: MUSES B. Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Manufacturer: NEC. Program: Muses. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: Haruka. USAF Sat Cat: 24720 . COSPAR: 1997-005A. Apogee: 21,415 km (13,306 mi). Perigee: 569 km (353 mi). Inclination: 31.4000 deg. Period: 379.30 min.

1997 February 12 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Super Chief. Launch Vehicle: LCLV. LV Configuration: LCLV MSX CEP 1.
  • MDT IV Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: OSC. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1999 February 12 - .
  • China to Test Reusable Spacecraft at the end of 2000 - . Nation: China. Spacecraft: Shenzhou. China planned to launch its own re-usable "space shuttle" with a maiden unmanned mission at the end of next year, said an astronomical engineer in charge of one of dozens of scientific research payloads that will be aboard. The engineer said the lift-capacity problems have already been resolved and he had been briefed on the cost of the Chinese shuttle but that he could not reveal it, as the information is classified. (AFP)

2000 February 12 - . 03:27 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9CM1. LV Configuration: Black Brant 9CM1 NASA 36.186UG.
  • JHU FOT 15 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2000 February 12 - . 09:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2M. LV Configuration: Proton-K/DM-2M (DM3) 399-02.
  • Garuda 1 - . Payload: ACES. Mass: 4,500 kg (9,900 lb). Nation: Indonesia. Agency: ACES. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 2100. USAF Sat Cat: 26089 . COSPAR: 2000-011A. Apogee: 35,799 km (22,244 mi). Perigee: 35,774 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 1.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Geosynchronous communications satellite for the ACES consortium (PSN of Indonesia, PLDT of the Phillipines, Lockheed Martin, and Jasmine of Thailand). The satellite had two large 12-m diameter L-band antennae for cellular telephone relay. Stationed at 123 deg E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 123 deg E in 2000. As of 5 September 2001 located at 122.97 deg E drifting at 0.023 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 123.10E drifting at 0.005W degrees per day.

2001 February 12 - .
  • NEAR, Asteroid Eros Landing - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: NEAR. Periapsis of the orbit was as low as 24 km above the surface of the asteroid during its final days. At the end of its mission, NEAR touched down on the surface of Eros at 20:01:52 GMT on 12 February 2001. The spacecraft obtained 69 high-resolution images before touchdown, the final image showing an area 6 meters across. NEAR apparently came to rest with the camera and gamma-ray spectrometer pointing towards the ground and the solar panels and low gain antenna pointing generally towards the Earth and Sun. NEAR was not designed as a lander, but survived the low-velocity, low-gravity impact, a signal continued after the "landing" using the omni-directional low-gain antenna as a beacon.

2001 February 12 - . 15:59 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-98-2 - . Crew: Jones; Curbeam. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.28 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Jones; Curbeam. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-98. Spacecraft: International Space Station. STS-98 EVA-2 began at 1555 GMT on February 12 with depressurization of the airlock. The astronauts went to battery power at 1559 GMT. The PMA-2 docking port was attached to Destiny at 1728 GMT. The Power Data Grapple Fixture (PDGF) was removed from its location on an adaptive payload carrier on the port side of the payload bay (probably bay 5P) and installed on Destiny. The PDGF will be used by the Station's robot arm, and is an improved grapple fixture with electrical power and data ports. The hatch was closed at 2240 GMT and the airlock was repressurized at 2249 GMT

2001 February 12 - . 16:28 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.187NM.
  • Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2003 February 12 - .
  • STS-107 MCC Status Report #18 - . Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-6. A Space Shuttle contingency has been declared in Mission Control, Houston, as a result of the loss of communication with the Space Shuttle Columbia at approximately 9 a.m. EST Saturday as it descended toward a landing at the Kennedy Space Center, Fla. It was scheduled to touchdown at 9:16 a.m. EST. Communication and tracking of the shuttle was lost at 9 a.m. EST at an altitude of about 203,000 feet in the area above north central Texas. Additional Details: STS-107 MCC Status Report #18 .

2005 February 12 - . 21:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA. LV Configuration: Ariane 5ECA V164 (521) City of Bremen.
  • XTAR-EUR - . Mass: 3,631 kg (8,004 lb). Nation: Spain. Agency: ESA. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 28542 . COSPAR: 2005-005A. Apogee: 35,794 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,778 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Return to flight of Ariane 5 EC-A after booster failure on first launch. Delayed from April, June, September 28, October 28, November 3 and 8, 2004; and February 11, 2005. XTAR-EUR was a Spanish X-band military communications satellite operated by Hisdesat/XTAR of Spain. It had a dry mass of 1412 kg and 2219 kg of propellant. As of 2007 Mar 8 located at 28.95E drifting at 0.006W degrees per day.
  • Maqsat-B2 - . Mass: 3,622 kg (7,985 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Manufacturer: Kayser-Threde. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Maqsat. USAF Sat Cat: 28543 . COSPAR: 2005-005B. Apogee: 35,409 km (22,002 mi). Perigee: 258 km (160 mi). Inclination: 6.7000 deg. Period: 624.90 min. Summary: Maqsat was a test payload built by Kayser-Threde to study the Ariane 5ECA launch environment. Remained attached to the upper stage..
  • SLOSHSAT - . Payload: SLOSHSAT-FLEVO. Mass: 127 kg (279 lb). Nation: Netherlands. Agency: ESA. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SLOSHSAT. USAF Sat Cat: 28544 . COSPAR: 2005-005C. Apogee: 35,723 km (22,197 mi). Perigee: 268 km (166 mi). Inclination: 6.8000 deg. Period: 631.20 min. Summary: Test satellite to study the sloshing of fluids in zero gravity, developed by the Netherlands Aerospace Laboratory. Equipped with a tank with 33.5 liters of water and an attitude control system..

2006 February 12 - .
  • Death of Lee B James - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: James, Lee. Summary: American Army officer, assigned to ABMA Huntsville 1956-1960. Seconded to NASA 1962-1971, where he oversaw NASA Huntsville, except for a stint 1962-1968 as Deputy Director for the Apollo program..

2007 February 12 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 12. LV Configuration: Black Brant XII NASA 40.020UE.
  • ROPA Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 748 km (464 mi).

2008 February 12 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 02/12/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Eyharts; Frick; Malenchenko; Schlegel; Tani; Walheim; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-1. Mission 1E Flight Day 6 (FD6). Congratulations, ESA!

    At ~9:15am EST, the European Columbus laboratory was opened and entered by crewmembers for the first time. (Columbus is permanently attached at the starboard port of Node-2.)

    Crew sleep cycle remains at 4:45am - 8:15pm for both crews.

    Before breakfast, FE-2 Dan Tani completed his daily access of the SLEEP experiment (Sleep-Wake Actigraphy & Light Exposure during Spaceflight) software for data logging and filling in questionnaire entries in the experiment's laptop session file on the HRF-1 laptop for downlink. (To monitor the crewmember's sleep/wake patterns and light exposure, Dan wears a special Actiwatch device which measures the light levels encountered by him as well as his patterns of sleep and activity throughout the Expedition. The log entries are done within 15 minutes of final awakening for seven consecutive days, as part of the crew's discretionary 'job jar' task list.)

    CDR Peggy Whitson and FE-2-16 Leo Eyharts continued their IMMUNO (Integrated Immune Assessment) experiment, begun on 2/9, with liquid saliva collections, first thing after wake-up and prior to breakfast, drinking and teeth-brushing. All samples were stored at ambient temperature. Dan Tani's IMMUNO liquid saliva collection starts tomorrow morning. (IMMUNO (Integrated Immune Assessment)is a 24-hr. test of human immune system changes, with the objective to investigate immune neuro-endocrine reactions in the space environment by studying samples of saliva, blood and urine using collection kits and the biomedical (MBI) protection kit, to develop and validate an immune monitoring strategy consistent with operational flight requirements and constraints. The strategy uses both long and short duration crewmembers as study subjects. The saliva is collected in two forms, dry and liquid. The dry samples are collected at intervals during the collection day using a specialized book that contains filter paper. The liquid saliva collections require that the crewmember soak a piece of cotton inside their mouth and place it in a salivette bag; there are four of the liquid collections during docked operations. The on-orbit blood samples are collected right before undocking and returned on the Shuttle so that analysis can occur with 48 hours of the sampling. This allows assays that quantify the function of different types white blood cells and other active components of the immune system. For cold storage, samples are secured in the MELFI (Minus-Eighty Laboratory Freezer for ISS). Also included are entries in a fluid/medications intact log, and a stress-test questionnaire to be filled out by the subject at begin and end. Urine is collected during a 24-hour period, conventionally divided into two twelve-hour phases: morning-evening and evening-morning.) Additional Details: ISS On-Orbit Status 02/12/08.


2010 February 12 - .
2010 February 12 - . 00:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton/Briz M. LV Configuration: Proton/Briz M s/n P353.
  • Intelsat 16 - . Payload: Intelsat IS-16 Star-2.4. Mass: 2,060 kg (4,540 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: ILS. Program: Intelsat. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 36397 . COSPAR: 2010-006A. Apogee: 35,797 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,777 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Ku-band satellite providing backup for Sky Latin America service..

2010 February 12 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: Scud FMA.
  • ABL shoots down Scud target. - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). First test of the Airborne Laser against a foreign-technology missile target. The ABL destroyed the Scud liquid-fueled short-range ballistic missile launched from a mobile platform at sea. The entire engagement, including atmospheric compensation for the high-energy laser while the ballistic missile's rocket motor was still firing, occurred less than one minute from target launch.

2010 February 12 - . 04:44 GMT - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9.
  • ABL fails to shoot down second target on same mission. - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Summary: First attempt to engage a second missile in a single mission by the Airborne Laser. A beam misalignment prompted a safe shutdown of the laser system earlier than planned and the Terrier Black Brant unguided sounding rocket was not destroyed..

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