Encyclopedia Astronautica
February 14


February 14 Chronology


1944 February 14 - . Launch Site: Heidelager. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 17017.
  • - . Nation: Germany. Summary: success.

1945 February 14 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 V-255.
1947 February 14 - .
  • Birth of Pham Tuan - . Nation: Vietnam. Summary: Vietnamese pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EP-7. First Vietnamese astronaut. Engineer, Air force pilot. Participated in the Vietnam War. Major General of Vietnam Air Force..

1950 February 14 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 38R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 February 14 - .
  • X-1A Flight 1 - . Crew: Ziegler. Payload: X-1A flight 1. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ziegler. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: X-1A. Summary: Bell flight 1. Pilot familiarization. Fuel jettison test. Glide flight only..

1953 February 14 - .
  • X-1A Flight 2 - . Crew: Ziegler. Payload: X-1A flight 2. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ziegler. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: X-1A. Summary: Bell flight 2. Planned as powered flight, but completed as glide flight following propellant-system difficulties..

1955 February 14 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 1795T.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 February 14 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-1. Launch Vehicle: R-1 8A11. LV Configuration: R-1 8A11 No 453.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1957 February 14 - .
  • X-15 follow-on studied. - . Nation: USA. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: Dynasoar. NACA established "Round Three" Steering Committee to study feasiblity of a hypersonic boost-glide research airplane. "Round Three" was considered as the third major flight research program which started with the X-series of rocket-propelled supersonic research airplanes, and which considered the X-15 research airplane as the second major program. The boost-glide program eventually became known as DynaSoar.

1957 February 14 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC3. LV Family: X-17. Launch Vehicle: X-17. LV Configuration: X-17 R-22 4203-22.
  • Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1958 February 14 - .
  • IGY report "Basic Objectives of a Continuing Program of Scientific Research in Outer Space" - . Nation: USA. A report entitled, 'Basic Objectives of a Continuing Program of Scientific Research in Outer Space,' was presented by the IGY Committee. The committee was of the opinion that the need for space research would be required far past the close of the IGY in December 1958.

1958 February 14 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg.
  • 19,861 acres of Camp Cooke transferred to Navy - . Nation: USA. Summary: 19,861 acres of South Camp Cooke transferred from the Army to the Navy on interim permit basis (actual transfer on 27 May)..

1961 February 14 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Strongarm. Launch Vehicle: Strongarm. LV Configuration: Strongarm E22-H1-1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Geodetic Flares test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA BRL. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1961 February 14 - . 23:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.07GA.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Summary: NASA Nike-Cajun rocket launched from Wallops Station, carrying 60-pound payload ejecting explosive charges, which fired at intervals from 20- to 80-mile altitude to provide data on density of the atmosphere..

1962 February 14 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury MA-6 postponed. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Summary: Unfavorable weather conditions caused the Mercury-Atlas 6 (MA-6) manned orbital mission to be postponed..

1963 February 14 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1963 February 14 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 AB3.345.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 234 km (145 mi).

1963 February 14 - . 05:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta B. LV Configuration: Thor Delta B 358/D16.
  • Syncom I; Syncom 1 - . Payload: Syncom 1. Mass: 39 kg (85 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Syncom. Completed Operations Date: 1963-02-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 553 . COSPAR: 1963-004A. Apogee: 36,739 km (22,828 mi). Perigee: 34,392 km (21,370 mi). Inclination: 33.3000 deg. Period: 1,425.50 min. Experimental commsat; lost contact following orbital injection. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Four score. Last known longitude (10 March 1987) 172.58 deg E drifting at 2.429 deg E per day.

1964 February 14 - .
  • Apollo SM RCS to have emergency deorbit capability - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM RCS. Summary: MSC ordered North American to design the SM's reaction control system with the capability for emergency retrograde from earth orbit..

1964 February 14 - . 04:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C38.
  • MPE Ba-5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1964 February 14 - . 07:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LE1. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor DSV-2J. LV Configuration: Thor DSV-2J 299 (20002).
  • AFP-437 demonstration interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF; DACO. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 February 14 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • N1 redesign to increase payload to 95 tonnes - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Mishin. Program: Lunar L3. Following Korolev's death, Mishin discovered that growth of the mass of the L3 payload had taken the low earth orbit payload requirement to 95 tonnes, beyond the 75 tonne lifting capability of the N1. To achieve the 95 tonne payload, changes in plans and redesign of the N1 would be necessary. The measures taken were: reduction of the orbital inclination for the initial earth orbit from 65 degrees to 52 degrees; reduce the altitude of the lunar orbit from 300 km to 220 km; increase the propellant mass by supercooling the propellants prior to loading in the lunach vehicle (the kerosene to be at -15 to -20 degrees Centigrade, the liquid oxygen to -191 degrees centigrade); add six engines to the first stage; increase thrust of all the engines on the first, second, and third stages by 2%; add a fourth stabilizer. The result of all of these measures would increase the launch mass to 2800 tonnes and the payload to the required 95 tonnes.

1967 February 14 - .
  • MOL major subcontractors selected - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: MOL. Summary: MOL major subcontractors announced by prime contractor Douglas: Republic for the waste management system; Marquardt for 45 kgf and 20 kgf orientation thrusters; IBM for computers; Garrett for ECS; Scientific Data Systems for ground support equipment..

1967 February 14 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • Fairing for OS space station authorised. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: OS-1 (1969). Summary: Ministry of General Machine Building (MOM) Decree 'On construction of the N1 payload fairing by the Khrunichev Plant' was issued..

1967 February 14 - . 05:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 2. LV Configuration: Trailblazer 2-M Meteor 10.
  • Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 306 km (190 mi).

1967 February 14 - . 10:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 142 - . Payload: DS-U2-I s/n 2. Mass: 315 kg (694 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U2-I. Completed Operations Date: 1967-07-06 . Decay Date: 1967-07-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 2678 . COSPAR: 1967-013A. Apogee: 1,320 km (820 mi). Perigee: 216 km (134 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 100.10 min. Summary: Studied the influence of the ionosphere on passing VLF radio waves..

1968 February 14 - .
  • Concern of inadvertent Saturn V abort - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gilruth; Low, George. Program: Apollo. In discussing the results of a manned test with MSC Director Robert R. Gilruth, George M. Low mentioned that a single 45-degree motion of the abort handle was required to initiate a launch abort in Apollo. Gilruth voiced concern that an abort could be caused by a single motion. Additional Details: Concern of inadvertent Saturn V abort.

1968 February 14 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-32.
  • FU-172 Solar Helium Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 440 km (270 mi).

1969 February 14 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.397CM.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi).

1969 February 14 - . 03:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.399CM.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1969 February 14 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.400CM.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1969 February 14 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.401CM.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1969 February 14 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.398CM.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1969 February 14 - . 11:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.402CM.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1969 February 14 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P27K.
  • Small scale structure Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1970 February 14 - .
  • Soyuz 9 issues - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Tregub; Anokhin. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 9. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK. Kamanin meets with TsKBEM (Tregub, Anokhin) to review issues for the Soyuz 9 mission. These include post-flight care of the cosmonauts, the fact the centrifuge is not available for training, storage of rations and the possibility of spoilage during the long flight.

1970 February 14 - . 03:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5A. LV Configuration: Black Brant VA A-BBVA-24.
  • DLR A-BBV-24 Monica Aeronomy / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1970 February 14 - . 05:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5A. LV Configuration: Black Brant VA A-BBVA-25.
  • DLR A-BBV-25 Evelyn Aeronomy / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi).

1970 February 14 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170. LV Configuration: Aerobee 170 NASA 13.01UG.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 231 km (143 mi).

1970 February 14 - . 16:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark 2 S66/2.
  • ESRO S66 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1971 February 14 - . 08:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.110UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1972 February 14 - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B.
  • Not in FC - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 309 km (192 mi).

1972 February 14 - . 03:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/D. LV Configuration: Proton-K/D 258-01.
  • Luna 20 - . Payload: Ye-8-5 s/n 408. Mass: 5,600 kg (12,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Luna. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Luna Ye-8-5. Decay Date: 1972-02-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 5835 . COSPAR: 1972-007A. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Perigee: 100 km (60 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 118.00 min. Soft landed on Moon; returned soil samples to Earth. Landed on Moon 21 February 1972 at 19:19:00 GMT, Latitude 3.57 N, Longitude 56.50 E - Mare Fecunditatis. Luna 20 was placed in an intermediate earth parking orbit and from this orbit was sent towards the Moon. It entered lunar orbit on February 18, 1972. On 21 February 1972, Luna 20 soft landed on the Moon in a mountainous area known as the Apollonius highlands, 120 km from where Luna 18 had crashed. While on the lunar surface, the panoramic television system was operated. Lunar samples were obtained by means of an extendable drilling apparatus. The ascent stage of Luna 20 was launched from the lunar surface on 22 February 1972 carrying 30 grams of collected lunar samples in a sealed capsule. It landed in the Soviet Union on 25 February 1972. The lunar samples were recovered the following day.

1973 February 14 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02. LV Configuration: SSBS S02 2601.
  • S02C 2601 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 February 14 - . 20:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-16.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1974 February 14 - . 06:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC CRL A18.006-4.
  • CVF Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1975 February 14 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1976 February 14 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 624. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1977 February 14 - . 17:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 51 km (31 mi).

1978 February 14 - .
  • STA-099 on dock, Lockheed facility, Palmdale - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: Challenger.

1978 February 14 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 989 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKM. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1978-02-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 10672 . COSPAR: 1978-017A. Apogee: 318 km (197 mi). Perigee: 169 km (105 mi). Inclination: 65.1000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1979 February 14 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Stonechat. Launch Vehicle: Falstaff. LV Configuration: Falstaff F.4.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1980 February 14 - . 15:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 3910. LV Configuration: Delta 3910 635/D151.
  • SMM - . Payload: Solar Maximum Mission. Mass: 2,315 kg (5,103 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: SMM. Decay Date: 1989-12-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 11703 . COSPAR: 1980-014A. Apogee: 408 km (253 mi). Perigee: 405 km (251 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 92.70 min. Summary: Solar Maximum Mission; solar observatory; repaired 4/9/84 by STS-41C in orbit. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

1982 February 14 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-520. LV Configuration: S-520-3.
  • 0.3m telescope test Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 266 km (165 mi).

1983 February 14 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: KRENKEL'. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1984 February 14 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M. Launch Pad: M1. LV Family: Mu. Launch Vehicle: Mu-3S. LV Configuration: Mu-3S M-3S-4.
  • SS-09 Onzora - . Payload: Exos C. Mass: 180 kg (390 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: EXOS. Decay Date: 1988-12-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 14722 . COSPAR: 1984-015A. Apogee: 331 km (205 mi). Perigee: 247 km (153 mi). Inclination: 74.6000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Optical investigations of ionosphere. EXOS-C (OHZORA). Optical study of the stratosphere and middle atmosphere. Study of the specific phenomena of the ionospheric plasma over the southern Atlantic geomagnetic anomaly zone which was discovered by the third scientific satellite 'TAIYO'. Launch vehicle Mu-3S-4, launching organization ISAS (Institute of Space and Astronautical Science). Launch time 0800 GMT.

1984 February 14 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 48 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1985 February 14 - . 20:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1986 February 14 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF26. Launch Pad: LF26?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT112GB Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1987 February 14 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC45/1. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-2.
  • Cosmos 1820 - . Payload: Orlets-2 Mass Model. Mass: 15,000 kg (33,000 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Orlets. Spacecraft: Orlets-2. Decay Date: 1987-03-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 17523 . COSPAR: 1987-016A. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi). Perigee: 178 km (110 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. Summary: Launch vehicle test. Mass model of Orlets-2 reconnaissance satellite..

1989 February 14 - . 04:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78M-2BL.
  • Cosmos 2001 - . Payload: Oko #60. Mass: 1,900 kg (4,100 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Military. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. Decay Date: 2008-09-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 19796 . COSPAR: 1989-011A. Apogee: 37,951 km (23,581 mi). Perigee: 2,441 km (1,516 mi). Inclination: 66.9000 deg. Period: 718.50 min. Summary: Covered Oko constellation plane 4 - 32 degree longitude of ascending node..

1989 February 14 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53726-192.
  • Cosmos 2002 - . Mass: 500 kg (1,100 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1989-10-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 19800 . COSPAR: 1989-012A. Apogee: 1,525 km (947 mi). Perigee: 179 km (111 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 102.00 min. Summary: Released 10 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1989 February 14 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 6925. LV Configuration: Delta 6925 D184.
  • USA 35 - . Payload: GPS 2-1 / GPS SVN 14. Mass: 1,665 kg (3,670 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2 and 2A. USAF Sat Cat: 19802 . COSPAR: 1989-013A. Apogee: 21,758 km (13,519 mi). Perigee: 21,480 km (13,340 mi). Inclination: 56.6000 deg. Period: 777.00 min. Summary: First launch of second generation / operational Global Positioning System. Placed in Plane E Slot 1 of the constellation. Suffered a shutdown of its onboard reaction wheels on March 26, 2000. Decommissioned on April 14, 2000 and replaced by GPS 2R-4..

1990 February 14 - .
  • Voyager 1, Family Portrait Images - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Voyager.

1990 February 14 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • RSLP MAST re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1990 February 14 - . 16:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 6920-8. LV Configuration: Delta 6920-8 D192.
  • USA 51 - . Payload: LACE. Mass: 1,430 kg (3,150 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Class: Military. Type: Strategic defense satellite. Spacecraft: LACE. Decay Date: 2000-05-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 20496 . COSPAR: 1990-015A. Apogee: 480 km (290 mi). Perigee: 463 km (287 mi). Inclination: 43.1000 deg. Period: 94.00 min. Low-power Atmospheric Compensation Experiment for SDIO. Research and exploration of the upper atmosphere and outer space. The McDonnell Douglas Corporation has provided the following information for its launch of the Losat spacecraft on 14 Feb 1990: LACE spacecraft (Losat-L), launch time 1615:00.626 GMT, ETR Launch Complex 17. Programmed orbital parameters 95.6 min, apogee 551 km, inc. 43.1 deg. Evaluate laser beam distortion in space.
  • USA 52 - . Payload: RME. Mass: 1,040 kg (2,290 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Class: Military. Type: Strategic defense satellite. Spacecraft: RME. Decay Date: 1992-05-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 20497 . COSPAR: 1990-015B. Apogee: 281 km (174 mi). Perigee: 261 km (162 mi). Inclination: 43.1000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. Relay Mirror Experiment; also known as Losat-R. RME validated stabilization, tracking, and pointing technologies for Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) missions through a credible demonstration of a space-based relay mirror system. The Wideband Angular Vibration Experiment (WAVE) measured low-level angular vibrations affecting performance of acquisition, tracking, and pointing systems. The experiment demonstrated that a laser beam can be accurately relayed from the earth to an orbiting satellite 450 kilometers away and then back to a 3-meter target on the ground. It achieved relay beam pointing accuracy which was 16 times better than the technical requirement. WAVE demonstrated the capability to discern platform disturbance amplitudes of a few nanoradians at discrete frequencies and is therefore a candidate to fulfill similar requirements for future ATP experiments.

1991 February 14 - .
  • Death of John A McCone - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: McCone. Summary: American manager, director of the Central Intelligence Agency 1961-1965, during initial exploitation of satellite reconnaisance systems..

1991 February 14 - . 08:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2. LV Configuration: Proton-K/DM-2 344-02.
  • Cosmos 2133 - . Payload: SPRN Generation 2 No. 1. Mass: 2,150 kg (4,730 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Military. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Prognoz SPRN. Completed Operations Date: 1995-05-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 21111 . COSPAR: 1991-010A. Apogee: 35,795 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,777 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.5000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Geosynchronous ballistic missile early warning satellite. First launch of improved second generation version. Declared purpose: 'Investigation of outer space and of processes occurring in the Earth's atmosphere'. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 80 deg E in 1991; 24 deg W in 1992-1993; 80 deg E in 1993-1995 As of 2 September 2001 located at 80.48 deg E drifting at 0.009 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 74.02E drifting at 0.040E degrees per day.

1991 February 14 - . 08:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Hafir Al Batin - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 February 14 - . 08:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Hafir Al Batin - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1992 February 14 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde. LV Configuration: AN/DMQ-9.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1995 February 14 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S616. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M45. LV Configuration: MSBS M45 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1996 February 14 - . 19:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC2. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-3B. LV Configuration: Chang Zheng 3B CZ3B-1 (40). FAILURE: Guidance failure resulted in launch vehicle crashing 22 seconds after launch, killing or injuring 59 people.. Failed Stage: G.
  • Intelsat 708 - . Nation: International. Agency: PRC. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. COSPAR: F960214A. First attempted launch of a new version in the Long March family. Began to experience an anomaly in attitude about 2 seconds after launch, pitching down and yawing to the right. It augured in nose down at T+22 seconds and exploded violently, utterly destroying the launcher and its payload. The Chief-Designer of the launch vehicle organised an analysis team on the same day of the accident. Interpretation and analysis of the telemetered data indicated that the crash was caused by a change in the inertial reference. The explosion killed six and injured 57. Two of the killed were senior engineers with CASC.

1997 February 14 - . 03:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Gonets-D1 - . Payload: Gonets-D1 No. 4. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Gonets-D1. USAF Sat Cat: 24725 . COSPAR: 1997-006A. Apogee: 1,428 km (887 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.20 min. Summary: Six satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Gonets-D1 - . Payload: Gonets-D1 No. 6. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Gonets-D1. USAF Sat Cat: 24727 . COSPAR: 1997-006C. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Cosmos 2339 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 110. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 24730 . COSPAR: 1997-006F. Apogee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Gonets-D1 - . Payload: Gonets-D1 No. 5. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Gonets-D1. USAF Sat Cat: 24726 . COSPAR: 1997-006B. Apogee: 1,422 km (883 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.20 min.
  • Cosmos 2338 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 109. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 24729 . COSPAR: 1997-006E. Apogee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Perigee: 1,410 km (870 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.
  • Cosmos 2337 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 108. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 24728 . COSPAR: 1997-006D. Apogee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Perigee: 1,403 km (871 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.

1997 February 14 - . 04:34 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-82-1 - . Crew: Lee; Smith, Steven. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.28 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Lee; Smith, Steven. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-82. Spacecraft: Discovery; HST. Summary: Hubble Space Telescope Servicing Mission 2 - NICMOS installation..

1998 February 14 - . 14:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7420-XC. LV Configuration: Delta 7420-10C D253.
  • Globalstar FM1 - . Payload: Globalstar s/n FM1. Mass: 222 kg (489 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Manufacturer: Palo Alto; Alenia. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25162 . COSPAR: 1998-008A. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min. Summary: Plane 1. Ascending node 43.9 degrees..
  • Globalstar FM2 - . Payload: Globalstar s/n FM2. Mass: 222 kg (489 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Manufacturer: Palo Alto; Alenia. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25163 . COSPAR: 1998-008B. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0100 deg. Period: 114.08 min. Summary: Plane 1. Ascending node 43.8 degrees..
  • Globalstar FM3 - . Payload: Globalstar s/n FM3. Mass: 222 kg (489 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Manufacturer: Palo Alto; Alenia. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25164 . COSPAR: 1998-008C. Apogee: 1,520 km (940 mi). Perigee: 1,509 km (937 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 116.30 min. Summary: Plane 1. Ascending node 42.4 degrees..
  • Globalstar FM4 - . Payload: Globalstar s/n FM4. Mass: 222 kg (489 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Manufacturer: Palo Alto; Alenia. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25165 . COSPAR: 1998-008D. Apogee: 1,416 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min. Summary: Plane 1. Ascending node 43.6 degrees..

1999 February 14 - .
  • Death of Joseph Francis Shea - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Shea. Summary: American engineer. Lead NASA manager responsible for development of the Apollo spacecraft.

2000 February 14 - .
  • NEAR, Asteroid Eros Orbit Insertion - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: NEAR. NEAR finally entered orbit around Eros on Valentine's Day, 2000. Orbit insertion was at 15:34 GMT into a 323 x 370 km initial orbit with a period of 27 days. The renamed NEAR-Shoemaker probe moved into a 100 x 200 km orbit around Eros on April 2 at 02:00 GMT. NEAR returned spectacular detailed pictures of the surface over the next several months. Studies were made of the asteroid's size, shape, mass, magnetic field, composition, and surface and internal structure.

2001 February 14 - . 14:48 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-98-3 - . Crew: Jones; Curbeam. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.23 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Jones; Curbeam. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-98. Spacecraft: International Space Station. On the third STS-98 EVA the airlock was depressurized at 1443 GMT, with hatch open at around 1445 and battery power at 1448. The spare SASA S-band antenna was unberthed from an adapter beam in the payload bay (around bay 4P?) and installed on Z1. The +X (starboard) TCS radiator on P6, launched on the previous mission, was deployed at 1649 GMT. The astronauts completed the spacewalk with repressurization of the airlock at 2013 GMT

2003 February 14 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #03-7 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bowersox; Budarin; Pettit; Ross. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-6. Approaching three months into their stay in space aboard the International Space Station, the Expedition 6 crewmembers continued unpacking newly arrived supplies this week, watched their home's altitude rise, held a news conference and operated the station's robotic arm. Additional Details: International Space Station Status Report #03-7.

2004 February 14 - . 18:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. Launch Pad: SLC40. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 402B/IUS. LV Configuration: Titan 402B 4B-39 / IUS.
  • USA 176 - . Payload: DSP-1 Block 18 F22. Mass: 2,380 kg (5,240 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NSA. Manufacturer: TRW. Class: Military. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: DSP. USAF Sat Cat: 28158 . COSPAR: 2004-004A. Apogee: 36,105 km (22,434 mi). Perigee: 35,852 km (22,277 mi). Inclination: 0.6800 deg. Period: 1,445.94 min. DSP-1 Block 14 ballistic missile launch detection satellite. Last flight of the IUS upper stage. Launch delayed from November 4, 2003, and January 17, 2003. Planned IMEX piggyback payload cancelled. Still in service as of March 2007, expected to remain operational until 2017-2022. As of 2004 Feb 15 located at 96.66W drifting at 2.464W degrees per day.

2005 February 14 - . 06:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kodiak. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: STARS. LV Configuration: STARS M-6.
  • IFT-14 Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA SMDC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2007 February 14 - . 09:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion. LV Configuration: Terrier Orion NASA 41.061.
  • HEX-II V-1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

2007 February 14 - . 09:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 10. LV Configuration: Black Brant X NASA 35.037.
  • HEX-II H Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2008 February 14 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 02/14/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Eyharts; Love; Malenchenko; Melvin; Poindexter; Tani; Walheim; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-1; ISS EO-16-2. Mission 1E Flight Day 8 (FD8).

    Crew sleep cycle shifted one hour earlier: 3:45am - 7:15pm for both crews.

    Last night, Mission 1E was extended by one day (13+0+2), with landing now on Wednesday, 2/20, at ~9:03am EST (if at KSC).

    Columbus final activation has been completed.

    After yesterday's command queue lockup between the COL CCS (Columbus Orbital Laboratory Command & Control System) and the COL MMC (Mission Management Computer), final activation of COL data management systems was accomplished late last night by transitioning/swapping the primary & backup C&C MDM (Multiplexer/Demultiplexer) computers. (The MMC is the intermodule interface computer required between the US C&DH (Command & Data Handling) system and the COL DMC (Data Management Computer) which handles equipment monitoring) Additional Details: ISS On-Orbit Status 02/14/08.


2010 February 14 - .
  • EVA STS-130-2 - . Crew: Behnken; Patrick. EVA Type: Extravehicular activity. EVA Duration: 0.25 days. Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-130; ISS EO-22; ISS EO-21. Summary: Installed ammonia plumbing and connectors between Unity, Destiny and Tranquility and covered them with thermal insulation. Prepared the nadir port on Tranquility for the relocation of the Cupola, and installed handrails on the exterior of Tranquility..

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