Encyclopedia Astronautica
February 16


February 16 Chronology


1902 February 16 - .
1917 February 16 - .
  • Birth of Werner Karl Dahm - . Nation: Germany; USA. Summary: German-American aerodynamicist, worked at Peenemuende on A9/A10, A7, A4b, and Wasserfall winged missiles. Post-war completed studies, joined von Braun team in US as Head of Aerodynamics Analysis Branch, Aeroballistics Division, Huntsville..

1935 February 16 - . LV Family: Goddard. Launch Vehicle: Goddard A.
  • Flight of Goddard A series rocket - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Apogee: 0.20 km (0.12 mi). Summary: Rocket had no automatic guiding device; short and rapid flight, during which the parachute was released and checked the fall..

1937 February 16 - .
  • Birth of Valentin Vasilyevich Bondarenko - . Nation: Ukraine. Summary: Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1961. Killed in a fire in a spacecraft simulator run using a a pure oxygen atmosphere. His death had a profound effect on future design of Soviet spacecraft..

1944 February 16 - . Launch Site: Heidelager. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
1945 February 16 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende SK. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 21407.
  • V-2 Ma374 U7 - . Nation: Germany. Summary: 380 km range. 'Kitz' launch - listed under Heidekraut launches, but actually made from Karlshagen or railhead area of Peenemuende..

1948 February 16 - .
  • Gerard Kuiper's Discovery of Uranus Moon Miranda - . Nation: USA.

1953 February 16 - .
  • Birth of Michael Ray Mantz - . Nation: USA. Summary: American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1982-1987..

1954 February 16 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Honest John. LV Configuration: Honest John 432ST.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 February 16 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 4249E.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 February 16 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5M. LV Configuration: R-5M M-5RD.
  • R-7 component test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Summary: The R-5RD or M5RD was flown to test subsystems for the R-7 ICBM..

1958 February 16 - . 06:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun II6.25F.
  • Auroral particles Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1959 February 16 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC10. Launch Vehicle: Draco.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1959 February 16 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. Launch Pad: ALA3. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone. LV Configuration: Redstone 1011. FAILURE: Improper setting of thrust controller and malfunction of tilt program at 17 sec.. Failed Stage: G.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi). Summary: Missile test failure. Missed aimpoint by 17,942 m..

1960 February 16 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300 TATTLETALE PCC 2.
  • Signals intelligence test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1961 February 16 - .
  • Soviet decree 'On measures to improve military technology' . - . Nation: USSR. Summary: This decree laid the basis for institution of quality control by the military to improve the reliability of space systems..

1961 February 16 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island.
  • First satellite launch from Wallops Island. - . Nation: USA. NASA Explorer IX placed in orbit by four-stage Scout booster from Wallops Station, the first satellite launching from Wallops, and the first satellite boosted by a solid-fuel rocket. Explorer IX was a 12-foot diameter sphere after inflation at orbital altitude.

1961 February 16 - . 13:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-1. LV Configuration: Scout X-1 ST-4.
  • Explorer 9 - . Payload: S-56A. Mass: 7.00 kg (15.40 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft: S-56. Decay Date: 1964-04-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 81 . COSPAR: 1961-Delta-1. Apogee: 2,433 km (1,511 mi). Perigee: 757 km (470 mi). Inclination: 38.8000 deg. Period: 118.00 min. Summary: 12 foot dia. balloon; atmospheric density studies. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1962 February 16 - .
  • Delay of Mercury MA-6 schedule - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Summary: Walter C. Williams, Project Mercury Operations Director, announced that because of weather conditions February 20, 1962, would be the earliest date that the Mercury-Atlas 6 mission could be launched..

1962 February 16 - .
  • Female Cosmonaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Kuznetsova; Ponomaryova; Solovyova; Tereshkova; Yerkina. The group was selected to provide female astronauts for the Vostok manned spaceflight program.. Qualifications: Parachutists under 30 years of age; under 170 cm tall; under 70 kg in weight.. Cosmonaut commander Nikolai Kamanin obtained official approval to train a cadre of female cosmonauts in October 1961. The pool of Soviet female pilots being limited, potential candidates were also sought who were active sport parachutists. Five Soviet women were selected on 16 February 1962 and reported for training a month later. However the flight of a woman in space had little support from Chief Designer Korolev or Kamanin's military commanders.

    In May 1962 a Soviet delegation, including cosmonaut Gherman Titov and Kamanin, visited Washington. On May 3 Kamanin and Titov were invited to a barbecue at the home of astronaut John Glenn. Glenn, already politically-connected, was an enthusiastic supporter of the 'Mercury 13' - female pilots who had passed the astronaut physical and were lobbying to be trained as Mercury astronauts. Kamanin understood from Glenn that the first American woman would make a three-orbit Mercury flight by the end of 1962. Armed with the threat that 'the Americans will beat us', Kamanin was able to obtain a decision to go ahead with the first flight of a Soviet woman within weeks of his return.

    Meanwhile the five female cosmonaut were going through the complete course of cosmonaut training, including weightless flights, parachute jumps, isolation tests, centrifuge tests, and academic studies of rocket theory and spacecraft engineering. The women undertook 120 parachute jumps and received pilot training in MiG-15UTI jet trainers.

    Even though NASA's female astronaut flight never materialised, Valentina Tereshkova of the Soviet Union became the first woman in space on June 16, 1963. Following her flight the women were enrolled in the arduous test pilot course at the Zhukovskiy Academy (except Ponomareva, who was a graduate engineer from the Moscow Aviation Institute). There were plans for all-female Vostok or Soyuz flights, but these never materialised. The female training group was disbanded in October 1969. The Soviet Union used only male cosmonauts until the 1980's, when women were again recruited, in order to again have a Soviet woman in space before the Americans finally began flying female astronauts on the space shuttle.


1962 February 16 - . 23:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B2. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 137D.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1963 February 16 - .
1963 February 16 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1963 February 16 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Nike Zeus. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus. LV Configuration: Nike Zeus-3.
  • DM-15S Test 2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 240 km (140 mi).

1963 February 16 - . 21:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-C. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2. LV Configuration: Titan II N-7. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Awful Tired - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi). Summary: Research and development launch - Mk 6 re-entry vehicle.

1964 February 16 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena D SLV-3.
  • Bell Aerosystems delivered the first Gemini Agena Model 8247 main engine to Lockheed. - . Nation: USA. This engine was installed in the propulsion test vehicle assembly (PTVA), a unit to be used for a series of tests on the Agena primary and secondary propulsion systems at Lockheed's Santa Cruz Test Base. Bell delivered the two secondary propulsion system modules for the PTVA on March 6 and 14. Installation was completed and the PTVA delivered to Santa Cruz Test Base on March 26.

1965 February 16 - .
  • Specialty areas for 13 astronauts not assigned to Gemini - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Aldrin; Anders; Bassett; Bean; Cernan; Chaffee; Collins; Cunningham; Eisele; Freeman; Gordon; Schweickart; Scott; Williams, Clifton. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM; CSM ECS; LM Communications; LM ECS; LM Guidance. MSC announced a realignment of specialty areas for the 13 astronauts not assigned to forthcoming Gemini missions (GT 3 through 5) or to strictly administrative positions:

    Operations and Training
    Edwin E. Aldrin, branch chief - mission planning

    Charles A. Bassett - operations handbooks, training, and simulators

    Alan L. Bean - recovery systems

    Michael Collins - pressure suits and extravehicular activity

    David R. Scott - mission planning and guidance and navigation

    Clifton C. Williams - range operations, deep space instrumentation, and crew safety.

    Project Apollo
    Richard F. Gordon, branch chief - overall astronaut activities in Apollo area and liaison for CSM development

    Donn F. Eisele - CSM and LEM

    William A. Anders - environmental control system and radiation and thermal systems

    Eugene A. Cernan - boosters, spacecraft propulsion, and the Agena stage

    Roger B. Chaffee - communications, flight controls, and docking

    R. Walter Cunningham - electrical and sequential systems and non-flight experiments

    Russell L. Schweickart - in-flight experiments and future programs.


1965 February 16 - .
  • Apollo hardware delivery schedules changed - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Phillips, Samuel. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. In a memorandum to ASPO, Samuel C. Phillips, Apollo Program Director, inquired about realigning the schedules of contractors to meet revised delivery and launch timetables for Apollo. Phillips tentatively set forth deliveries of six spacecraft (CSM/LEMs) during 1967 and eight during each succeeding year; he outlined eight manned launches per year also, starting in 1969.

1965 February 16 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 1. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV. LV Configuration: Athena D008. FAILURE: Failure.
  • USAF D008 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1965 February 16 - . 14:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC37B. LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I. LV Configuration: Saturn I-Blk2 SA-9.
  • Pegasus 1 - . Payload: Pegasus 1. Mass: 10,400 kg (22,900 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Huntsville. Program: Apollo. Class: Earth. Type: Micrometeoroid satellite. Spacecraft: Pegasus. Decay Date: 1978-09-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 1085 . COSPAR: 1965-009A. Apogee: 726 km (451 mi). Perigee: 510 km (310 mi). Inclination: 31.7000 deg. Period: 97.00 min. A Saturn I vehicle SA-9 launched a multiple payload into a high 744 by 496 km (462 by 308 mi) earth orbit. The rocket carried a boilerplate (BP) CSM (BP-16) and, fitted inside the SM, the Pegasus I meteoroid detection satellite. This was the eighth successful Saturn flight in a row, and the first to carry an active payload. BP-16's launch escape tower was jettisoned following second-stage S-IV ignition. After attaining orbit, the spacecraft were separated from the S-IV. Thereupon the Pegasus I's panels were deployed and were ready to perform their task, i.e., registering meteoroid impact and relaying the information to the ground.
  • Apollo-Model 3 - . Payload: Apollo CSM Boilerplate 16. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar spacecraft. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Structural. Decay Date: 1985-07-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 1088 . COSPAR: 1965-009B. Apogee: 736 km (457 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 31.7000 deg. Period: 97.06 min.

1966 February 16 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF25. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2. LV Configuration: Minuteman 2 2033.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1967 February 16 - . 07:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-9.
  • ESRO C10 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1968 February 16 - . 04:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1970 February 16 - .
  • Salyut crash program authorised. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Salyut 1; Almaz OPS; Soyuz 7K-T. Summary: Decree 57ss 'On creation of the DOS using Almaz as a basis' was issued..

1970 February 16 - .
  • Cosmonaut book - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Riabchakov is at the cosmonaut centre, conducting interviews for his upcoming book Soviet Cosmonauts. Kamanin reviews the film script 'Arkadiy Kamanin' by Bezuglov. The film enterprise needs clearance from the VVS before filming can start..

1971 February 16 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M. LV Family: Mu. Launch Vehicle: Mu-4S. LV Configuration: Mu-4S M-4S-2.
  • Tansei 1 - . Payload: MS T1. Mass: 62 kg (136 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Tansei. USAF Sat Cat: 4952 . COSPAR: 1971-011A. Apogee: 1,106 km (687 mi). Perigee: 986 km (612 mi). Inclination: 29.7000 deg. Period: 106.10 min. Summary: Engineering test for the launching of scientific satellites. Injection point 29.7 N, 145.8 E .

1972 February 16 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1F.
  • N1-L3M moon landing draft project work authorised. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: L3M-1972. Summary: Military-Industrial Commission (VPK) Decree 'On approval of work on the draft project for the N1-L3M two-launch lunar landing proposal' was issued..

1972 February 16 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 474 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4M. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1972-02-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 5839 . COSPAR: 1972-008A. Apogee: 325 km (201 mi). Perigee: 177 km (109 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1972 February 16 - . 09:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 33B. LV Configuration: Titan 33B 33B-2 (3B-37). FAILURE: Failure.
  • Jumpseat 2 - . Payload: OPS 1844. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Jumpseat. COSPAR: F720216A.

1973 February 16 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 53 km (32 mi).

1974 February 16 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M. LV Family: Mu. Launch Vehicle: Mu-3C. LV Configuration: Mu-3C M-3C-1.
  • Tansei 2 - . Payload: MS T2. Mass: 65 kg (143 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Tansei. Decay Date: 1983-01-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 7122 . COSPAR: 1974-008A. Apogee: 3,231 km (2,007 mi). Perigee: 284 km (176 mi). Inclination: 31.2000 deg. Period: 121.70 min. Summary: Attitude control satellite (performance test of launch vehicle). .

1974 February 16 - . 08:33 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 350. LV Configuration: Aerobee 350 CRL A35.191-2.
  • HISTAR Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1974 February 16 - . 10:03 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Ute Tomahawk CRL A09.400-1.
  • Density Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1976 February 16 - .
  • Start fabrication forward fuselage (STA-099) - . Nation: USA. Program: STS.

1976 February 16 - . 08:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 804 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1976-02-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 8694 . COSPAR: 1976-015A. Apogee: 702 km (436 mi). Perigee: 160 km (90 mi). Inclination: 65.1000 deg. Period: 93.10 min. Summary: ASAT interceptor. After intercept with target deorbited using on-board engine..

1977 February 16 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • OT GT27GM-2 operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1977 February 16 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.15GG.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1977 February 16 - . 20:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.212GE-IE.
  • Ferdinand 46 Aeronomy / aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 248 km (154 mi).

1978 February 16 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: N-1 Delta. LV Configuration: N-1 N-4(F).
  • ISS 2 - . Payload: ISS b. Mass: 140 kg (300 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: JISS. USAF Sat Cat: 10674 . COSPAR: 1978-018A. Apogee: 1,216 km (755 mi). Perigee: 973 km (604 mi). Inclination: 69.4000 deg. Period: 107.20 min. Ionospheric sounding. Ionosphere Sounding Satellite-b . Launch time 0400 UT. Launch vehicle: N number 4. Spin-stabilized; Ionospheric Sounder, Radio Noise Receiver, Plasma Measuring Equipment, Ion Mass Spectrometer, and so on. The satellite is intended for regular observation of global distribution of critical frequencies of the ionosphere by means of radio waves. Weight about 141 kg. Shape: cylindrical, 3.9m diameter and 0.8m height. Expected life: probability of survival in 1.5 years is more than 70 percent.

1979 February 16 - .
  • Mir and Aelita production go-ahead. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Aelita. Summary: Production of the Mir space station and Aelita free-flyer was authorised together..

1979 February 16 - .
  • Airlock on dock, Palmdale, Columbia (OV-102) - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: Columbia.

1979 February 16 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Zenit-2M - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M. COSPAR: F790216A. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..
  • Nauka - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Spacecraft: Nauka. COSPAR: F790216B.

1980 February 16 - . 08:23 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.43AS.
  • LASL Eclipse La Solar eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 319 km (198 mi).

1980 February 16 - . 08:23 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.42AS.
  • LASL Eclipse La Solar eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi).

1980 February 16 - . 08:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-560. LV Configuration: RH-560 F-14.
  • Eclipse control Eclipse mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 330 km (200 mi).

1980 February 16 - . 09:31 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.37US.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 268 km (166 mi).

1980 February 16 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-560. LV Configuration: RH-560 F-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Eclipse F-region Eclipse mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1981 February 16 - .
1982 February 16 - . 11:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1338 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1982-03-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 13063 . COSPAR: 1982-011A. Apogee: 376 km (233 mi). Perigee: 186 km (115 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1983 February 16 - . 10:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Cosmos 1441 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 40. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 13818 . COSPAR: 1983-010A. Apogee: 587 km (364 mi). Perigee: 578 km (359 mi). Inclination: 81.1000 deg. Period: 96.30 min.

1984 February 16 - . 01:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 49 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1984 February 16 - . 01:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR A-NO-127.
  • Ferdinand 64 M-T 7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF; DLR. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1984 February 16 - . 01:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 50 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1984 February 16 - . 08:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1537 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-17F41. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1984-03-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 14737 . COSPAR: 1984-017A. Apogee: 285 km (177 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 82.4000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. High resolution photo surveillance; film capsule; maneuverable; also performed earth resource tasks. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.

1986 February 16 - .
  • First attempt to launch Mir. - . Nation: USSR. Program: Mir. Spacecraft: Mir. Summary: The first launch attempt at very low temperatures was scrubbed when the spacecraft communications failed..

1987 February 16 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur Jubilee.
1988 February 16 - . 13:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 N. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.022GH.
  • SXS? X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1989 February 16 - . 08:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: SAIN. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1990 February 16 - . 07:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: KRENKEL'. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1991 February 16 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-520. LV Configuration: S-520-13.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Telescopes Extreme ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 337 km (209 mi).

1994 February 16 - . 02:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P. LV Configuration: MT-135P-R880.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1995 February 16 - . 17:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. Launch Pad: LC43/4?. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Foton 10 - . Payload: Foton s/n 10. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Materials. Type: Materials science satellite. Spacecraft: Foton. Duration: 14.62 days. Decay Date: 1995-03-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 23497 . COSPAR: 1995-006A. Apogee: 355 km (220 mi). Perigee: 218 km (135 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Summary: 234 orbits. Carried Russian, French, German micro-gravity experiments. Landed in Russia Mar 3.

1997 February 16 - . 02:53 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-82-3 - . Crew: Lee; Smith, Steven. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.30 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Lee; Smith, Steven. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-82. Spacecraft: Discovery; HST. Summary: Hubble Space Telescope Servicing Mission 2 - Data interface unit replacement..

1999 February 16 - . 01:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. Launch Pad: SLC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas IIAS. LV Configuration: Atlas IIAS AC-152.
  • JCSAT-6 - . Mass: 2,900 kg (6,300 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JSAT. Manufacturer: El Segundo. Program: JCSAT. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 601. USAF Sat Cat: 25630 . COSPAR: 1999-006A. Apogee: 35,791 km (22,239 mi). Perigee: 35,784 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. JCSAT-6 carried a Ku-band relay system. It was operated by Japan Satellite Systems, Inc., Tokyo, provided communications and data relay for Japan and the Pacific Rim. Two burns of the Centaur upper stage placed it into a supersynchronous transfer orbit of 258 km x 96736 km x 24.1 degrees. JCSAT-6's on-board R-4D engine would maneuver it into its final geostationary location. Dry mass of the spacecraft was 1230 kg. Stationed at 124 deg E Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 123 deg E in 1999. As of 5 September 2001 located at 124.00 deg E drifting at 0.014 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 124.01E drifting at 0.011W degrees per day.

2000 February 16 - .
  • STS-99 Mission Status Report #12 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gorie; Mohri; Thiele; Voss, Janice. Program: STS. Flight: STS-99. With growing confidence that fuel-saving measures onboard Endeavour will permit the radar mapping mission to run its full duration, flight controllers and crew members today marked the mission's mid-way point. "We're almost there," stated Milt Heflin, NASA's Deputy Chief Flight Director. Additional Details: STS-99 Mission Status Report #12.

2001 February 16 - . 10:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil. LV Configuration: Shtil VMF RF.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2001 February 16 - . 10:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Topol. Launch Vehicle: Topol.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2003 February 16 - .
  • Black Armadillo first drop test. - . Nation: USA. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Black Armadillo. Summary: Armadillo Aerospace (Mesquite, Texas, USA) performed full-scale drop tests of their crushable nose cone..

2006 February 16 - . 08:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF10. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • SERV-3 Mk 21 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSPC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

2007 February 16 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #07-10 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Tyurin; Lopez-Alegria. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-14; ISS EO-15-1. Following Sunday’s unexpected circuit breaker trip and subsequent reset and repowering of affected equipment, the International Space Station had no further incidents. The Expedition 14 crew continued to focus on preparation for its final planned spacewalk ahead of Space Shuttle Atlantis’ arrival in March. Additional Details: International Space Station Status Report #07-10.

2008 February 16 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 02/16/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Eyharts; Frick; Love; Malenchenko; Poindexter; Schlegel; Tani; Walheim; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-1; ISS EO-16-2; STS-122; STS-123. Mission 1E Flight Day 10 (FD10). Saturday - half-day off for the combined ISS and Shuttle crew except for housekeeping and voluntary work.

    Wake/sleep cycle shifted back again to prepare for 2/18 undocking: 3:15am - 5:15pm EST, Shuttle crew: 3:15am - 5:45pm.

    More crewtime was applied to COL (Columbus Orbital Laboratory) rack configuration, activation & operation, led by CDR Peggy Whitson and FE-2-16 Leo Eyharts. (In particular, Whitson focused on readying the EDR (European Drawer Rack), gathering equipment, outfitting the rack, installing PCDF EU (Protein Crystalization Diagnostic Facility Electronic Unit) coolant water and data connections, setting up the laptop, verifying its software load & activating it, checking out the EDR RFI (Rack Fire Indicator), and checking out the functionalities of the rack's various subsystems.) Additional Details: ISS On-Orbit Status 02/16/08.


2010 February 16 - . 09:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 12.
  • NASA 40.025UE - . Nation: USA. Agency: Clemson. Apogee: 803 km (498 mi). Summary: Auroral payload.

2011 February 16 - .
  • EVA ISS EO-26-2 - . Crew: Kondratiyev, Dmitry; Skripochka. EVA Type: Extravehicular activity. EVA Duration: 0.20 days. Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-26; ISS EO-25. Summary: Installed two earth-observation experiments on Zvezda, removed two material exposure experiments from Zarya..

2011 February 16 - . 21:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ES.
  • Johannes Kepler ATV 2 - . Payload: ATV 2. Mass: 19,712 kg (43,457 lb). Nation: Europe. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: ISS EO-26; ISS EO-25. Spacecraft: ATV. Duration: 125.00 days. Decay Date: 2011-06-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 37368 . COSPAR: 2011-007A. Apogee: 347 km (215 mi). Perigee: 343 km (213 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.40 min. Summary: ISS resupply; second European Space Agency Automated Transfer Vehicle. Docked with the ISS Zvezda module on 25 February. Undocked on 21 June at 14:46 GMT. Retrofire the same day at 20:04 GMT sent it to burn up over the Pacific Ocean..

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