Encyclopedia Astronautica
February 18


February 18 Chronology


1902 February 18 - .
  • Birth of Friedrich Boenisch - . Nation: Germany; Russia. Summary: German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union, worked on rocket engine development in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952. Worked in Manufacturing; Dept. 61/Shop 55..

1930 February 18 - .
  • Clyde Tombaugh's Discovery of Pluto - . Nation: USA.

1930 February 18 - .
1944 February 18 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 17021.
1945 February 18 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende SK. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 21399. FAILURE: Exploded after 36 seconds.
  • V-2 Ma371 U8 - . Nation: Germany. Summary: 'Kitz' launch - listed under Heidekraut launches, but actually made from Karlshagen or railhead area of Peenemuende..

1947 February 18 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wac. Launch Vehicle: WAC B. LV Configuration: WAC B 27B. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Booster test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1953 February 18 - .
  • USSR commission for upper atmosphere research. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Academy of Sciences Decree 'On formation of AN USSR Commission for Research on the Upper Layers of the Atmosphere' was issued..

1953 February 18 - . 06:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-2. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-2 SC 27.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi). Summary: Temperature, winds research. Launched at 2350 local time. Reached 106.2 km..

1953 February 18 - . 17:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1a. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1a USAF 34.
  • Heating / beacon test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi). Summary: Rocket performance test. Launched at 1042 local time. Reached 117.5 km..

1954 February 18 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Honest John. LV Configuration: Honest John 203H.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 February 18 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 1752T.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 February 18 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69D 53-8175.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 February 18 - . 14:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1960 February 18 - .
  • Mercury remote-site flight controllers appointed. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Training was inaugurated by a series of Space Task Group lectures that covered facilities, network systems, operations, and other details. In addition, a program was established for familiarization, orientation, and specialized instruction of the Department of Defense group of aeromedical staff personnel designated as members of flight controller teams.

1961 February 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI30. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1961 February 18 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5. LV Configuration: R-5 V-1000 target.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: OKB-30. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1961 February 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Strongarm. Launch Vehicle: Strongarm. LV Configuration: Strongarm E22-H1-2.
  • Geodetic Flares test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA BRL. Apogee: 2,027 km (1,259 mi).

1961 February 18 - . 22:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena B. LV Configuration: Thor Agena B 261 / Agena B 1102.
  • Discoverer 21 - . Payload: Midas test payload. Mass: 1,110 kg (2,440 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Military. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Midas. Decay Date: 1962-04-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 84 . COSPAR: 1961-Zeta-1. Apogee: 458 km (284 mi). Perigee: 212 km (131 mi). Inclination: 80.6000 deg. Period: 91.30 min. Summary: Tested IR sensors for Midas program; did not carry camera or film capsule..

1962 February 18 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • NASA announced Project Fire - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: FIRE. NASA announced Project Fire, a high-speed reentry heat research program to obtain data on materials, heating rates, and radio signal attenuation on spacecraft reentering the atmosphere at speeds of about 24,500 miles per hour. Information from the program would support technology for manned and unmanned reentry from lunar missions. Under the management of the Langley Research Center, Project Fire would use Atlas D boosters and the reentry package would be powered by an Antares solid-fuel motor (third stage of the Scout).

1963 February 18 - .
  • Soviet Ministers' decree on use of Vostok - . Nation: USSR. Flight: Vostok 5; Vostok 6; Vostok 6A; Vostok 7; Vostok 8; Vostok 9; Vostok 10. The Soviet Ministers finally issued decree 24. Four additional spacecraft are to be completed in the first half of 1963. Together with the two existing spacecraft, these will be used for two female flights, three male flights of up to ten days duration, and one 30-day biosat flight.

1963 February 18 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2.
  • Pilot safety philosophy and procedures would be carried over from Mercury-Atlas to Gemini-Titan. - . Nation: USA. In a letter transmitting copies of the Gemini Launch Vehicle Pilot Safety Program to Gemini contractors and other organizations engaged in Gemini development and operations, Air Force Space Systems Division explained that pilot safety philosophy and procedures would be carried over from Mercury-Atlas to Gemini-Titan.

1963 February 18 - . 17:43 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NE3.140.
  • Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 306 km (190 mi).

1964 February 18 - . 21:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache ERDA 004.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi).

1965 February 18 - .
  • Apollo Extension System (AES) to produce space hardware for future missions at a fraction of the original development cost. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Mueller. Spacecraft: Apollo X. Testifying before the House Committee on Science and Astronautics during hearings on NASA's Fiscal Year 1966 budget, Associate Administrator for Manned Space Flight George E. Mueller briefly outlined the space agency's immediate post-Apollo objectives: 'Apollo capabilities now under development,' he said, 'will enable us to produce space hardware and fly it for future missions at a small fraction of the original development cost. This is the basic concept in the Apollo Extension System (AES) now under consideration.' Additional Details: Apollo Extension System (AES) to produce space hardware for future missions at a fraction of the original development cost..

1965 February 18 - .
  • Apollo LEM Test Article 2 shipped - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM; LM Structural. Summary: LEM Test Article 2 was shipped to Marshall Space Flight Center to undergo a series of Saturn booster vibration tests..

1965 February 18 - . 20:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.11UA.
  • UM Composition 4? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1966 February 18 - .
  • Death of Grigori Grigoyevich Nelyubov at Ippolitovka, Russia. Suicide. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Nelyubov. Summary: Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1963. Discharged with Anikeyev and Filatuev after alcohol incident. Returned to Air Force duties in Siberia, underwent increasing depression, killed in 1966 when hit by a train..

1966 February 18 - .
  • Cosmos 110 State Commission - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Tkachev; Mishin. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3. Spacecraft: Voskhod. The first launch commission with Korolev's chair empty. The chief designers certify the full readiness of the booster, spacecraft, and the dogs that will crew the spacecraft. It is declared that the launch can proceed on 22-23 February. The only problem discussed is continued disquiet with the parachute system. Rips in the parachute have developed in the last four tests at Fedosiya. The system was designed for the original Vostok capsule mass of 2.6 tonnes, but the next Voskhods will have capsule landing weighs of 3.0 to 3.3 tonnes. Comrade Tkachev now refuses to guarantee the reliability of the system at landing weights over 2.9 to 3.0 tonnes. The Voronezhsk factory guarantees the reliability of the four third stage engines, despite the explosion of an engine on the test stand in December 1965.

    Launch of spacecraft s/n 6, Voskhod 3, is set for 22-23 March, with landing on 12 April. Afterwards the endless discussion of the role of IMBP in manned spaceflight, and especially military spaceflight is hashed over again in a bitter argument.


1966 February 18 - . 04:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.189GE.
  • Auroral electrons 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1967 February 18 - . 09:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: M9117. Launch Platform: SHIP-SOV. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 31 km (19 mi).

1968 February 18 - . 18:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart. LV Configuration: Viper-Dart VD-0218-11.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1969 February 18 - .
  • An early test model of the ATM control computer was delivered by Bendix Corporation to MSFC where it was undergoing performance tests. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Apollo ATM. Summary: This was a preproduction unit and did not include all the functions that would be in the flight version. The first flight unit was scheduled for delivery in September 1969..

1970 February 18 - .
  • HL-10 Flight 34 - . Crew: Hoag. Payload: HL-10 flight 34. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Hoag. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: HL-10. Summary: Maximum speed. Maximum Speed - 1976 kph. Maximum Altitude - 20520 m. Flight Time - 380 sec..

1970 February 18 - .
  • Kamanin opposes DOS - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Belyayev; Mishin; Ustinov; Smirnov; Kozlov. Program: Soyuz; Salyut; Almaz. Flight: Soyuz 10; Soyuz 11. Spacecraft: Salyut 1; Soyuz 7KT-OK; Almaz OPS; Soyuz OB-VI; Soyuz VI. Kamanin recommends the death benefit to be awarded to Belyayev's family. There is to be a one-time payment of 2,000 roubles to his wife; 1,100 roubles to his daughter; 180 roubles/month pension to the wife; 75 roubles/month to the daughter; access to cosmonaut centre sanatoriums; and a seven-room apartment in Moscow.

    Kamanin also reviews the government decree on the DOS-7K space station program. The Ministry of Defence is against it - they want to continue with the Almaz and Soyuz VI projects already underway. DOS will bring both of these to a halt. This is a repeat of the situation in 1967. Kozlov was making good progress on the original Soyuz VI, when it was killed by Mishin. Now three years later Mishin's Soyuz VI is put on the back burner. The Soyuz 7K-OK is still the only manned program brought to completion. Kamanin blames all this on Ustinov and Smirnov's stupid political manoeuvring. The DOS decree has not one word on the training of cosmonauts for these space station missions...


1970 February 18 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC142/34. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67P.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 February 18 - . 07:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.55UE.
  • Auroral substorm Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 494 km (306 mi).

1971 February 18 - .
  • X-24 Flight 23 - . Crew: Manke. Payload: X-24A flight 23. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Manke. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: X-24A. Summary: Maximum Speed - 1606 kph. Maximum Altitude - 20544 m. Flight Time - 447 sec..

1971 February 18 - . 13:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 396 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4M. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1971-03-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 4959 . COSPAR: 1971-014A. Apogee: 285 km (177 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 65.4000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1972 February 18 - . 02:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1972 February 18 - . 09:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-39.
  • Cesium Release Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 310 km (190 mi).

1974 February 18 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout D-1. LV Configuration: Scout D-1-F S190C.
  • San Marco 4 - . Payload: San Marco C2. Mass: 164 kg (361 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft: San Marco. Decay Date: 1976-05-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 7154 . COSPAR: 1974-009A. Apogee: 875 km (543 mi). Perigee: 270 km (160 mi). Inclination: 2.9000 deg. Period: 96.10 min. Summary: Measurement of density, temperature, composition of atmosphere. Launch time 10:05:28.5 GMT. Anticipated life: 3 years. .

1975 February 18 - . 19:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1976 February 18 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC101. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M.
  • SLI? - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 February 18 - . 07:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.1001UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi).

1976 February 18 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC NASA 21.30US-IS.
  • OSO-I Cal Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 282 km (175 mi).

1977 February 18 - . Launch Site: Edwards. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle.
  • First inert captive flight - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: Enterprise. Summary: Conduct first inert captive flight, Edwards (2 hours, 5 minutes), Enterprise (OV-101).

1978 February 18 - . 15:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1979 February 18 - . 16:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout D-1. LV Configuration: Scout D-1 S202C.
  • SAGE - . Payload: AEM 2. Mass: 147 kg (324 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft: SAGE. Decay Date: 1989-04-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 11270 . COSPAR: 1979-013A. Apogee: 506 km (314 mi). Perigee: 456 km (283 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Period: 94.20 min. Summary: Studied dust, liquid droplets in upper atmosphere. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

1980 February 18 - . 19:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki FLIGHT 262 /TN1-.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1981 February 18 - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: INTA. Launch Vehicle: INTA-300.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Spain. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 285 km (177 mi). Summary: First completely successful launch..

1981 February 18 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • ABRES IRS-1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1981 February 18 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1246 - . Payload: Yantar-1KFT no. 1. Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Cartographic satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-1KFT. Duration: 23.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-03-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 12301 . COSPAR: 1981-015A. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. Summary: Military topographic / cartographic satellite..

1982 February 18 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-74.
  • Ultraviolet / x-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 315 km (195 mi).

1983 February 18 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: KRENKEL'. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1984 February 18 - . 00:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 52 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 February 18 - . 00:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR A-NO-128.
  • Ferdinand 65 M-T 8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF; DLR. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1984 February 18 - . 03:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 53 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1984 February 18 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 54 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1984 February 18 - . 16:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion NASA 31.44UU.
  • CWAS 7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1985 February 18 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 53 km (32 mi).

1986 February 18 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1987 February 18 - . 13:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 65072-354.
  • Cosmos 1821 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 17525 . COSPAR: 1987-017A. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 960 km (590 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Summary: Military navigation satellite..

1988 February 18 - . 09:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1920 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-14F40. Duration: 20.00 days. Decay Date: 1988-03-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 18860 . COSPAR: 1988-010A. Apogee: 232 km (144 mi). Perigee: 185 km (114 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 88.70 min. Summary: Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation. .

1990 February 18 - .
1991 February 18 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands LC1. LV Family: Strypi. Launch Vehicle: Strypi XI. LV Configuration: Strypi XI LACE.
  • Bow Shock 2 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1992 February 18 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. Launch Vehicle: Aries. LV Configuration: Aries LEAP 1.
  • Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi).

1993 February 18 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-520. LV Configuration: S-520-16.
  • METS Ionosphere / active plasma mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 272 km (169 mi).

1994 February 18 - . 07:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2. LV Configuration: Proton-K/DM-2 376-02.
  • Raduga 31 - . Payload: Raduga s/n 40L. Mass: 1,965 kg (4,332 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Raduga . Completed Operations Date: 1995-05-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 23010 . COSPAR: 1994-012A. Apogee: 36,483 km (22,669 mi). Perigee: 36,483 km (22,669 mi). Inclination: 1.5000 deg. Period: 1,472.00 min. Stationed at 44 deg E; replaced Raduga 24. Operation of telephone and telegraph radio communications and transmission of television programmes. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 45 deg E in 1994-1995 As of 29 August 2001 located at 65.21 deg E drifting at 0.236 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 81.01E drifting at 0.234E degrees per day.

1997 February 18 - . 03:15 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-82-5 - . Crew: Lee; Smith, Steven. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.22 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Lee; Smith, Steven. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-82. Spacecraft: Discovery; HST. Summary: Hubble Space Telescope Servicing Mission 2 - Insulation blanket repair..

1998 February 18 - . 13:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7920-XC. LV Configuration: Delta 7920-10C D254.
  • Iridium 52 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV052. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25169 . COSPAR: 1998-010A. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 5. Ascending node 294.1 degrees..
  • Iridium 56 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV056. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25170 . COSPAR: 1998-010B. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 5. Ascending node 294 degrees..
  • Iridium 50 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV050. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25172 . COSPAR: 1998-010D. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 5. Ascending node 294.2 degrees..
  • Iridium 54 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV054. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25171 . COSPAR: 1998-010C. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 5. Ascending node 294.2 degrees..
  • Iridium 53 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV053. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25173 . COSPAR: 1998-010E. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 5. Ascending node 294.2 degrees..

2000 February 18 - . 01:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP. LV Configuration: Ariane 44LP-3 V127.
  • Superbird 4 - . Mass: 4,057 kg (8,944 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: SCC. Manufacturer: El Segundo. Program: Superbird. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 601. USAF Sat Cat: 26095 . COSPAR: 2000-012A. Apogee: 35,796 km (22,242 mi). Perigee: 35,777 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Provided geosynchronous communications services for the Space Communications Corporation of Japan. Carried 23 Ku-band and 6 Ka-band transponders, and was equipped with a Marquardt R4D apogee engine and XIPS ion propulsion stationkeeping system. Stationed at 162 deg E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 162 deg E in 2000. As of 4 September 2001 located at 162.01 deg E drifting at 0.003 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 161.98E drifting at 0.004W degrees per day.

2001 February 18 - .
2002 February 18 - .
  • Mars Odyssey, Science Mapping Begins - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Mars Odyssey.

2002 February 18 - .
2004 February 18 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Vehicle: Tier One.
  • White Knight Flight 45 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Binnie; Siebold. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: SpaceShipOne. Summary: Flight Time: 1.6 Hours. White Knight Pilot: Siebold. White Knight Copilot: Binnie. Objectives: Pilot proficiency, new software build checkout and landing practice.

2004 February 18 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Vehicle: Tier One.
  • White Knight Flight 46 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Binnie; Melvill. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: SpaceShipOne. Summary: Flight Time: 0.7 Hours. White Knight Pilot: Binnie. White Knight Copilot: Melvill. Objectives: Pilot proficiency, new software build checkout and landing practice.

2004 February 18 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Vehicle: Tier One.
  • White Knight Flight 44 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Binnie; Melvill. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: SpaceShipOne. Summary: Flight Time: 1.7 Hours. White Knight Pilot: Melvill. White Knight Copilot: Binnie. Objectives: Pilot proficiency, new software build checkout and landing practice.

2004 February 18 - . 07:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78M-ML.
  • Molniya-1T - . Mass: 1,900 kg (4,100 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: VKS. Manufacturer: Lavochkin. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Molniya-1T. USAF Sat Cat: 28163 . COSPAR: 2004-005A. Apogee: 39,708 km (24,673 mi). Perigee: 650 km (400 mi). Inclination: 62.9000 deg. Period: 717.90 min. Summary: Launched during a nationwide military exercise. Original name Cosmos 2405..

2004 February 18 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Launched during a nationwide military exercise..

2004 February 18 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-18. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva. LV Configuration: Sineva VMF RF. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Sineva operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi). Summary: Failure - destroyed 98 seconds after launch. Launched during a nationwide military exercise..

2004 February 18 - . 10:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Topol. Launch Vehicle: Topol.
  • Kura R&D payload? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Launched during a nationwide military exercise..

2005 February 18 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-8 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chiao; Sharipov. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-10. Summary: The International Space Station crew began preparations this week for the arrival of fresh supplies aboard a new Russian cargo ship planned to launch at the end of the month.. Additional Details: International Space Station Status Report #05-8.

2006 February 18 - . 06:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima Y. LV Family: H-2. Launch Vehicle: H-IIA 2024. LV Configuration: H-IIA 2024 H-IIA-9F.
  • MTSAT-2 - . Payload: MT-Sat 2. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: MLIT. Manufacturer: Mitsubishi. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: DS2000. USAF Sat Cat: 28937 . COSPAR: 2006-004A. Apogee: 35,803 km (22,246 mi). Perigee: 35,771 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Multifunctional Transport Satellite. An aeronautical payload provided communications relay between aircraft and air traffic control; GPS augmentation navigation for aircraft; and transmitted the location of aircraft to air traffic control. A Japan Advanced Meteorological Imager weather camera had one visible and four infrared channels. MTSAT-2 was built by Mitsubishi using the new DS2000 bus. As of 2007 Mar 8 located at 144.93E drifting at 0.016W degrees per day.

2008 February 18 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 02/18/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Eyharts; Love; Malenchenko; Tani; Whitson; Williams, Dave; Yi So-yeon. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-1; ISS EO-16-2; STS-122. Underway: Week 18 of Increment 16, with a new FE-2, LĂ(c)opold (Leo) Eyharts who has replaced Dan Tani.

    US Holiday (President's Day).

    STS-122/Atlantis and ISS are flying in separate orbits again (Flight Day 12 for STS-122/1E)

    After final preparations on both sides of the hatches (closed yesterday on ISS side at 1:03pm EST), Atlantis this morning undocked smoothly at 4:27am from PMA-2 (Pressurized Mating Adapter 2), after a total docked time of 11d 13h 42m. (For undocking, the station was turned from -XVV through ~180 deg to +XVV ZLV (+x-axis in velocity vector, z-axis in local vertical) at ~3:30am, put briefly on free drift for the undocking, and then maneuvered to 1E Stage attitude of +XVV TEA attitude at 5:06am.) See picture from Atlantis flight deck, below. Additional Details: ISS On-Orbit Status 02/18/08.


2009 February 18 - . 09:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • NASA 41.076 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Summary: Atmosphere.

2009 February 18 - . 10:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • NASA 41.078 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Summary: Atmosphere.

2009 February 18 - . 10:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • NASA 41.079 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Summary: Atmosphere.

2009 February 18 - . 11:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • NASA 41.077 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Summary: Atmosphere.

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