Encyclopedia Astronautica
February 24


February 24 Chronology


1931 February 24 - .
1944 February 24 - . Launch Site: Heidelager. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 17036.
1945 February 24 - . 12:02 GMT - . Launch Site: V-2 Battery 836. Launch Pad: 1./836. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • V-2 combat launch from Hachenburg - . Nation: Germany. Summary: Hachenburg, Hillscheid, rocket fired (impact unknown). This rocket was plotted by radar for only 66 seconds, indicating an impact well short of its target..

1947 February 24 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wac. Launch Vehicle: WAC B. LV Configuration: WAC B 29B.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1948 February 24 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 71 - . Crew: Fitzgerald. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 42. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fitzgerald. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 20. Engine fire after launch forced jettisoning of propellants, completed as a glide flight. However Fitz-Gerald reached 12.1 km and reached Mach 1.10 before the engine was shut off, in the process becoming the second person to break the sound barrier.

1949 February 24 - . 22:14 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: Bumper-WAC. LV Configuration: Bumper-WAC Bumper 5.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 393 km (244 mi). Fully fueled round used and attained highest altitude to that date. In addition to testing equipment the flight was used to measure upper air temperatures. V-2 reached 102 km, 1170 m/s; WAC 400 km, 2300 m/s. Provided information on ion densities in the F-region of the ionosphere.

1953 February 24 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LA. Launch Vehicle: Lark. LV Configuration: Lark 612.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 8.00 km (4.90 mi).

1954 February 24 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Honest John. LV Configuration: Honest John 433ST.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 February 24 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LA. Launch Pad: LA?. LV Family: Matador. Launch Vehicle: Matador. LV Configuration: Matador GM-12449.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1956 February 24 - .
  • Nikita Khrushchev, First Secretary of U.S.S.R. Communist Party, denounces Stalin's excesses - . Nation: USSR.

1958 February 24 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee Hi. LV Configuration: Aerobee Hi NN3.14F.
  • NRL NN3.14F Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi).

1958 February 24 - . 07:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AM6.37.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1959 February 24 - . LV Family: Jupiter; Redstone.
  • Mercury-Redstone-Jupiter trajectory, aerodynamics, and flight loads - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Mercury-Redstone-Jupiter Study Panel Number IV (choice of trajectory, aerodynamics, and flight loads) met at Redstone Arsenal. Subjects studied included pilot safety, simulation of entry from orbit, length of zero-g time, missile stability and aerodynamics, ascent accelerations, and range. This group reconvened on March 13, 1959.

1960 February 24 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I G-4.
  • RVX-4 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1961 February 24 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury spacecraft No. 9 was delivered to Cape Canaveral - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Summary: Spacecraft No. 9 was delivered to Cape Canaveral for the Mercury-Atlas 5 (MA-5) orbital primate (Enos) mission..

1961 February 24 - . 00:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.170.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1961 February 24 - . 18:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC13. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E. LV Configuration: Atlas E 9E.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi). Summary: First successful Atlas E flight..

1962 February 24 - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: HOTEL2. LV Family: R-21. Launch Vehicle: R-21.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 293 km (182 mi).

1964 February 24 - .
  • Weight and power tradeoff study on the Apollo LEM's radar systems - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM; LM Guidance. RCA presented results of a weight and power tradeoff study on the LEM's radar systems, which were over Grumman's specification in varying amounts from 100 to 300 percent. RCA proposed that the accuracy requirements be relaxed to cope with this problem. MSC requested Grumman, on the basis of this report, to estimate a slippage in the schedule and the effects of additional weight and power.

1965 February 24 - .
  • Contract to Collins for Apollo S-band telemetry equipment - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Communications. NASA awarded a $2,740,000 fixed-price contract to the Collins Radio Company for S-band telemetry equipment. Collins would install the equipment at three antenna facilities that supported Apollo lunar missions (at Goldstone, Calif.; Canberra, Australia; and Madrid, Spain).

1966 February 24 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 642. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3P-380.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 February 24 - . 19:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1A 629 (63-112).
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 February 24 - . 19:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1A 529 (63-005).
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1967 February 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61. LV Configuration: Veronique 61 VA81.
  • FU-176 Recovery test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Summary: FU176 Technology (recovery) mission..

1967 February 24 - . 19:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 3B. LV Configuration: Titan IIIB 3B-4.
  • OPS 4204 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 04 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1967-03-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 2687 . COSPAR: 1967-016A. Apogee: 414 km (257 mi). Perigee: 135 km (83 mi). Inclination: 107.0000 deg. Period: 90.00 min. Summary: KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1968 February 24 - .
  • Discovery of the first Pulsar - . Nation: USA.

1968 February 24 - .
1969 February 24 - . 20:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1970 February 24 - .
  • X-24 Flight 9 - . Crew: Gentry. Payload: X-24A flight 9. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gentry. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: X-24A. Summary: Glide. Maximum Speed - 819 kph. Maximum Altitude - 14326 m. Flight Time - 258 sec..

1970 February 24 - . 07:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA AAD-4-23.
  • VLF / Particles Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 796 km (494 mi).

1970 February 24 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark 2 S70/1.
  • ESRO S70 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1970 February 24 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 SM-7007.
  • Chaff Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 102 km (63 mi).

1971 February 24 - .
  • VVS position to limit duration of DOS missions hopeless. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Kutakhov; Smirnov; Ustinov; Brezhnev. Program: Salyut. Kutakhov calls Smirnov to give the VVS position on DOS-7K flights. He is told that Mishin has not only Ustinov and Smirnov, but even Brezhnev behind him in support of 30, and then 60 day spaceflight durations aboard DOS. The VVS' position of limiting flights to 20 to 24 days has no chance.

1971 February 24 - . 14:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.249NA.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 February 24 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1973 February 24 - . 07:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IIIB AAD-3B-65.
  • Auroral plasma Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1974 February 24 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC101. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 February 24 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1975 February 24 - .
  • Death of Nikolai Aleksandrovich Bulganin - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Bulganin. Summary: Russian Minister of Defense 1947-1949 and 1953-1955. Chaired Special Committee 2 1947-1949. Chairman of the Soviet Council of Ministers, and heavily involved in the negotiations over freedom of space issue for overflight of territories..

1975 February 24 - . 05:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M. LV Family: Mu. Launch Vehicle: Mu-3C. LV Configuration: Mu-3C M-3C-2.
  • SS-03 Taiyo - . Payload: SRATS. Mass: 86 kg (189 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: SS. Decay Date: 1980-06-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 7671 . COSPAR: 1975-014A. Apogee: 3,125 km (1,941 mi). Perigee: 254 km (157 mi). Inclination: 31.5000 deg. Period: 120.20 min. Examined solar radiation, thermospheric structure. SRATS (Solar and Thermospheric Radiation Satellite) is the third Japanese scientific satellite, to study the intereffects of solar radiation and the thermosphere of the earth. National name: Taiyo. Launch time 0525 GMT.

1976 February 24 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170. LV Configuration: Aerobee 170 GL A04.305-1.
  • XUV Solar x-ray / ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 221 km (137 mi).

1976 February 24 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Vehicle: Lorikeet. LV Configuration: Lorikeet 2013.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1977 February 24 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Fields mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1978 February 24 - .
  • Body flap on dock, Palmdale, Columbia (OV-102) - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: Columbia.

1979 February 24 - . 08:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F/OIS. LV Configuration: Atlas F/OIS 27F.
  • Solwind (P 78-1) - . Payload: P 78-1. Mass: 1,331 kg (2,934 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Solwind. Decay Date: 1985-09-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 11278 . COSPAR: 1979-017A. Apogee: 317 km (196 mi). Perigee: 310 km (190 mi). Inclination: 97.8000 deg. Period: 90.80 min. Summary: Ionosphere and magnetosphere studies; destroyed on 13 September 1985 (while still functioning) as part of an American ASAT test..

1979 February 24 - . 16:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.1020UE.
  • Range check mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Summary: Range check. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1980 February 24 - . 15:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki FLIGHT 264 /TN1-.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1981 February 24 - . 13:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1982 February 24 - . 14:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1983 February 24 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF26. Launch Pad: LF26?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • FOT GT92GB Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1984 February 24 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1986 February 24 - . 11:53 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.10DL.
  • Halley Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 312 km (193 mi).

1987 February 24 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1988 February 24 - . 19:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1989 February 24 - . 15:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1990 February 24 - . 20:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Sphere.
  • DYANA DAS47 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1991 February 24 - . 01:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Riyadh - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 February 24 - . 06:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Riyadh - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 February 24 - . 09:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Combat launch - target: King Khalid Military City - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1993 February 24 - . 13:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde. LV Configuration: AN/DMQ-9.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1994 February 24 - .
1995 February 24 - . 10:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 12. LV Configuration: Black Brant XII NASA 40.07UE.
  • AMICIST Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 900 km (550 mi).

1996 February 24 - . 11:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925-10. LV Configuration: Delta 7925-10 D233.
  • Polar - . Mass: 1,300 kg (2,800 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Polar. USAF Sat Cat: 23802 . COSPAR: 1996-013A. Apogee: 50,423 km (31,331 mi). Perigee: 5,554 km (3,451 mi). Inclination: 86.3000 deg. Period: 1,070.20 min. Summary: HEO. Fields and particles, auroral studies; part of International Solar Terrestrial Physics program..

1997 February 24 - .
  • Mir News 347: FIRE ON BOARD OF THE Mir-SPACE STATION - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Mir 97; Mir NASA-3; Mir EO-23; Mir EO-22. Radio traffic during VHF windows for our position in the morning of 24.02.1997 revealed that something serious had happened on board Mir. Somewhat earlier there was already an indication: a direct TV-link from Mir with Oberpfaffenhofen via Altair-1 for this morning did not take place. During the 3d pass for our position (orb. 62943, 1341-1348 UTC) the cloven hoof came out: in a conversation with his consultants on earth Ewald reported about a fire on board. This fire broke out last night. An oxygen cartridge caught fire and a grey smoke spread out in all parts of the complex. Korzun and Kaleri fought against the fire with extinguishers and the others tried to push back the smoke. All crew members had to wear gas-masks. This lasted two and a half hours the maximum endurance of those masks. The extinction water caused a high humidity and the temperature of the atmosphere was higher than normal. Ewald did not get smoke or just a little bit in his longs and to remain on the safe side he swallowed coal- and vitamin tablets and milk products. He was very tired but he did not think that this had been caused by something like pollution, but by the lack of sleep. He went asleep at 6 o'clock in the morning and woke up 4 hours later. Jerry Linenger was very busy collecting air samples for pollution tests. He also tried to determine the amount of formaldehyde. The crew of six was in the Base Block when the fire began in an adjacent room. Russian toxicologists are analysing telemetric data about Mir's on board atmosphere. The crew already collected urine- and saliva samples and later on they got instructions to collect blood samples and to do additional medical tests. In the course of the day a TV press conference was on schedule and a lot of journalist were waiting in Oberpfaffenhofen. Ewald told that the events had caused such a mess in the station that it was not convenient to have that TV session today. As a palliative Ewald answered some questions about the nightly occurrences and his statements almost fully confirmed the information gathered by me for this report.

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202.


1998 February 24 - .
1999 February 24 - .
  • US Blocks Blocks AMPT communictions satellite project with China. - . Nation: China. The United States rejected a $450 million Hughes satellite deal with China over fears it could compromise U.S. national security. The APMT satellite was designed to provide mobile telephone links over much of Asia and was 51 percent owned by Chinese interests. This marked the end of Chinese-US commercial collaboration in space, with China thereafter concentrating on deals with European or other developing world partners.

2000 February 24 - .
  • Mir News 473: Completion of statistics - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Progress M1-1: This new freighter type was launched to Mir from Baykonur on 1.02.2000 at 0647UTC. The approach and docking in the automatic mode by the system Kurs was successfully accomplished on 3.02.2000 at 0802UTC. During this operation the tension in mission control (TsUP) in Korolyov was very great because if this operation would fail the crew of the 28th Main Expedition to Mir should start to Mir on 17.02.2000, so earlier than planned to control the docking of Progress M1-1 from inside Mir in the manual mode by the system TORU.

    Progress-M42: This old freighter had to free the docking port for the Progress M1-1 and when it was clear that all systems on board of the new ship were working well, the Progress -M42 could get away. On 2.02.2000 at 06.10.40UTC the ship undocked from Mir and the return in the atmosphere and the decay over a designated area east of New-Zealand took place that day at 06.57.20UTC.

    Orbit corrections Mir-complex:

    1st correction: The engines of the Progress-M42 gave the impulses for that orbit correction on 25.01.2000. In this way the altitude of the complex was lifted by a few dozens of kilometers. This was not enough and 2 more corrections were planned. 2nd and 3rd correction: On 7 and 9.02.2000 the engines of Progress M1-1 executed this operation and lifted the complex from approx. 320 KM to a per/apogee of 352/367 KM.

    The use of the Progress M1-1 for this purpose (so increasing the altitude) is an indication that the Russians seriously work on plans to continue the operation of Mir in the manned mode for a while or at least put back the decay of the complex. Originally the Progress M1-1 had to lower the altitude of Mir.

    Tests of the on board computers and gyrodynes:

    Both around 25.01 as on 8.02.2000 the computers (the analogue BUPO for the control of steering rockets and the Main Computer, the digital TsVM-1 for the attitude control by gyrodynes, have been tested. All systems, the gyrodynes included, functioned flawlessly.

    The Progress M1-1 delivered to Mir extra oxygen and nitrogen to increase the pressure in the complex, which had decreased dramatically during the last months, and bring this again on a level of approx. 750 MM mercury. Experts will try to open the necessary valves by telecommands. If these attempts would fail the cosmonauts of the 28th M.E. have to do this manually. Then they will have to take special measures to enter the complex.

    I was not able to follow the operations in the last 2 months on by base. In that period I made a tourist and space trip to Texas, Alabama and Florida.

    Plans for the near future:

    So Mir will stay in space for the time being. However we have to be realistic. So to begin with the solid plans:

    For a long time the schedule foresaw in the launch of the Soyuz-TM30 with the 28th ME crew consisting of Zalyotin and Kaleri on 31.03.2000. (So this had nothing to do with the founding of the Mircorp). This crew has to stay in Mir for 30 or 45 days for the execution of repairs and modifications aimed at the safe decay of the complex in the atmosphere.

    Already for a long period RKK Energiya tried to find investors or customers to be able to continue the exploitation of Mir self-supporting. This endeavour conflicted with the position of Rosaviakosmos (the Russian NASA), as Russia promised to concentrate all means for the Russian contribution in the ISS, the decay of Mir as soon and as safe as possible included. RKK Energiya got permission from the Russian Government and the DUMA to go on with Mir if RKK Energiya the company succeeded in commercial activities from investments by private organisations. The succeeded to get a small amount of money and a lot has been promised. To continue the exploitation of Mir in that way an extensive plan has to be drafted and realised.

    Some American millionaires want to invest a lot of money in Mir for the use of the station for several purposes, i.e. as a space hotel for tourists, a platform for the repair of satellites, a kind of node for Internet services and for the execution of experiments by scientific institutes and enterprises.

    Gradually the name of Steklov, a Russian actor who should play in film on board Mir, is mentioned as a future visitor of Mir. Fact is that he is still in training for a spaceflight.

    A Mr. Manber in England and the director of RKK Energiya, Yuriy Semyonov, signed documents for the founding of a company named Mircorp. At the moment this company has a reference point at a lawyers office in the Dutch city Utrecht, but they are trying to find a location for an office in Amsterdam.

    My provisional conclusion: Gradually money is coming in and this makes it possible for RKK Energiya to extend the manned status of Mir, but only with trained cosmonauts and certainly not for tourists. The modules of Mir complex are absolutely unsuitable to be converted into hotel rooms. Mir will never be able to serve as platform for the maintenance of satellites. Due to the fixed orbit and inclination only a very few satellites will be able to come in the neighbourhood of Mir. For limited repair missions only space shuttles are flexible enough.

    The representatives who gave statements about Mir Corporation's plans with Mir do not have the necessary background knowledge and need an extensive briefing by their partner RKK Energiya (or even me) to able to give adequate answers on technical and operational questions.

    Chris van den Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202


2001 February 24 - .
  • ISS Status Report: ISS 01-06 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gidzenko; Shepherd. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-1. Expedition One Commander Bill Shepherd, Pilot Yuri Gidzenko and Flight Engineer Sergei Krikalev took a short flight around the International Space Station (ISS) today, repositioning their Soyuz capsule from the aft docking port of the Station's Zvezda module to the nadir, or downward facing docking port of the Zarya module. Additional Details: ISS Status Report: ISS 01-06.

2003 February 24 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Vehicle: Tier One.
  • White Knight Flight 17 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Binnie; Melvill. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: SpaceShipOne. Flight Time: 2.8 hours Pilot: Binnie Copilot: Melvill. Objectives: Evaluate performance of updated engines. Measure effect of new canted wingtips. Test new landing gear doors and upgraded INS hardware. Results: New and different engine irregularities at highest altitudes. Further mods are needed for adequate ECS humidity control. Canted wingtips solved the dihedral effect problem. No flying qualities issues remain.

2005 February 24 - . 21:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Vehicle: Aries. LV Configuration: Aries NTW Aegis Target.
  • SMD FTM04-1 TTV-8? - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2006 February 24 - .
2007 February 24 - . 04:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima Y. LV Family: H-2. Launch Vehicle: H-IIA 2024. LV Configuration: H-IIA 2024 H-IIA-12.
  • IGS-2 - . Payload: IGS 4A. Mass: 1,200 kg (2,600 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA; CSICE. Manufacturer: Melco. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: IGS. USAF Sat Cat: 30586 . COSPAR: 2007-005A. Summary: Information Gathering Satellite Radar-2. Japanese military satellite using a synthetic aperture radar for all-weather, 24-hour, high-resolution surveillance of the earth..
  • IGS-3V - . Payload: IGS 4B. Mass: 850 kg (1,870 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA; CSICE. Manufacturer: Melco. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: IGS. USAF Sat Cat: 30587 . COSPAR: 2007-005B. Optical-3 Verification Satellite, an experimental satellite on a six-month mission to test payloads planned for the Optical-3 second-generation Japanese military optical surveillance satellite. The production-type Optical-3 satellite was expected to launch in 2009.

2008 February 24 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 02/24/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Eyharts; Love; Malenchenko; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-2; STS-122. Sunday -- off-duty day for CDR Whitson, FE-1 Malenchenko and FE-2 Eyharts.

    Ahead: Week 19 of Increment 16.

    For today's Voluntary Science program, Peggy Whitson continued her work with the InSPACE-2 (Investigating the Structure of Paramagnetic Aggregates from Colloidal Emulsions) experiment in the MSG (Microgravity Science Glovebox), conducting runs #31, #32 and #33 to investigate low frequency behavior (0.66 Hz) at the highest particle concentration MR (magnetorheological) fluid, exchanging video tapes after each run, then removing the vial assembly and finally powering the MSG down. (InSPACE obtains basic data on MR fluids, i.e., a new class of "smart materials" that can be used to improve or develop new brake systems, seat suspensions robotics, clutches, airplane landing gear, and vibration damper systems. The colloidal (dispersed) particles are contained in CAs (Coil Assemblies) in the MSG that subject them to electric fields at certain strength and frequencies. The desired strong dipolar interaction between the small colloidal particles can be achieved in micro-G simply with an external magnetic field being turned on and off. On the ground, the flow properties (rheology) of many materials, especially those making up consumer products like detergents, fabric softeners, toothpaste and paints, are similarly controlled, though not by magnetic fields but by adding a polymer. It now appears, for example, that new formulations of fabric softeners may perform better in space than on earth.) Additional Details: ISS On-Orbit Status 02/24/08.


2009 February 24 - . 09:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576E. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: Taurus. LV Configuration: Taurus s/n T8. FAILURE: Payload fairing did not separate..
  • OCO - . Mass: 407 kg (897 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: McLean. Spacecraft: OCO. Summary: Orbiting Carbon Observatory..

2011 February 24 - . 21:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Shuttle s/n OV105 / ET s/n ET-137 / RSRM-122.
  • STS-133 - . Call Sign: Discovery. Crew: Lindsey; Boe; Drew; Bowen; Barratt; Stott. Payload: Discovery F38 /. Mass: 121,840 kg (268,610 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-133; ISS EO-26; ISS EO-25. Spacecraft: Discovery. Duration: 12.80 days. Decay Date: 2011-03-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 37371 . COSPAR: 2011-008A. Apogee: 355 km (220 mi). Perigee: 318 km (197 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.30 min. Final flight of the space shuttle Discovery. The spaceplane docked with the International Space Station at 19:14 GMT on 26 February. The ELC-4 Express Logistics Carrier 4 was transferred from the Shuttle to the S3 station truss on 27 February. The station's SSRMS robot arm moved the Leonardo Permanent Multipurpose Module from the shuttle to the nadir port of the Unity module between 13:46 and 15:05 UTC on 1 March. Following cargo unloading and three spacewalks devoted to station repair and assembly, Discovery undocked from the station for the last time at 12:00 GMT on 7 March, landing at the Kennedy Space Center at 16:57 GMT on 9 March.

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