Encyclopedia Astronautica
January 01


January 01 Chronology


1801 January 1 - .
  • Guiseppe Piazzi's Discovery of the First Asteroid (Ceres) - . Nation: Italy.

1899 January 1 - .
  • Birth of Robert Tschechner - . Nation: Germany; Russia. Summary: German specialist engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union, worked on rocket engine development in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952. Worked in Manufacture; Laboratory Department..

1906 January 1 - .
  • Birth of Henrik Winskowski - . Nation: Germany; Russia. Summary: German design engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union, worked on rocket engine development in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952. Worked in Engineering and Design; Dept. 61..

1908 January 1 - .
  • Birth of Hermann H Kurzweg - . Nation: Germany; USA. Summary: German-American aerodynamicist, at Peenemuende, then US Naval Ordnance 1946-1960, NASA 1960-1974..

1909 January 1 - .
  • Birth of Friedrich Dhom - . Nation: Germany; USA. Summary: German-American engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter. German expert in guided missiles during WW2. As of January 1947, working at Fort Bliss, Texas. Died at Brownsboro, Texas..

1941 January 1 - .
  • Aerial torpedo proposed. - . Nation: USA. Summary: RCA proposed to NDRC design and developoment of rocket-propelled, radio-controlled aerial torpedo with TV nose, which was given code name "Dragon." The National Bureau of Standards was assigned the task of developing a suitable airframe..

1942 January 1 - .
  • Declaration of United Nations signed in Washington - . Nation: International.

1942 January 1 - .
  • Birth of Aleksandr Yakovlevich Petrushenko - . Nation: Ukraine. Summary: Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut, 1965-1973. Later worked at Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center, then moved to the satellite control center in Monino until his retirement 1991..

1944 January 1 - . LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal.
  • Private and Corporal missile development begun. - . Nation: USA. Summary: At request of Army Ordnance, Cal Tech's rocket laboratory started research and development program on long-range missiles, called Project ORDCIT, which resulted in development of Private "A" and Corporal missiles..

1945 January 1 - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 20852. FAILURE: Failed .
  • V-2 Ma426 317 X9 - . Nation: Germany. Agency: Wehrmacht. Summary: Planned range 225 km. Failed - accuracy was 0.9 km to the left of the planned trajectory. Circular error 191.0 km from aim point..

1949 January 1 - .
  • Destination Moon - . Nation: USA. Summary: The Technicolor film "Destination Moon" went into production. The direct ascent mode was used in a four-man lunar landing mission. The movie premiered in New York City in 1950..

1950 January 1 - . Launch Vehicle: Buran; Burya; MKR.
  • Design of 8,000 km range winged missile begun - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Korolev. Program: Navaho. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Summary: In parallel with the R-5 Korolev OKB NII-88 begins design of 8,000 km range winged missile..

1952 January 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon. LV Configuration: Double Deacon Double Deacon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-2 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1953 January 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • D35 Model - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 January 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1956 January 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11M.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1956 January 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5M.
  • Certification test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1956 January 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5M.
  • Certification test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1956 January 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5M.
  • Certification test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Summary: The series of 5 launches began on 11 January 1956 with launch of a dummy warhead..

1956 January 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5M.
  • Certification test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1957 January 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1958 January 1 - . LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor.
  • Thor put into operational service. - . Nation: USA. Summary: Strategic Air Command assigned responsibility for U.S. operational ICBM capability; while the 672nd Strategic Missile Squadron, first to be equipped with USAF Douglas Thor IRBM, was activated..

1958 January 1 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg.
  • Cooke AFB transferred to SAC - . Nation: USA. Summary: Cooke AFB (with major operational and training units) transferred from Air Research and Development Command to Strategic Air Command. Launch facility construction as well as research and development activities at Cooke AFB were the responsibility of the A.

1959 January 1 - .
  • Cuban President Batista resigns and flees - Castro takes over - . Nation: USA.

1959 January 1 - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • 1 million pound engine demonstrated. - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Summary: Rocketdyne demonstrated 1-million-pound-thrust liquid-propellant rocket combustion chamber at full power..

1960 January 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1961 January 1 - .
  • Council of Chief Designers recognised. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Decree 'On formalising powers of the Council of Chief Designers' was issued..

1961 January 1 - .
  • Mercury 13 Astronaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Allison; Cagle, Myrtle; Cobb; Dietrich; Dietrich, Marion; Funk; Gorelick; Hart, Jane; Hixson; Leverton; Steadman; Stumough; Truhill. Qualifications: Qualified jet pilot with minimum 1,500 flight-hours/10 years experience, bachelor's degree or equivalent, under 40 years old, under 180 cm height, excellent physical condition.. Randolph Lovelace was director of the clinic where the Mercury astronauts had undergone their physical examinations. He and Jacqueline Cochran, the first American woman to break the sound barrier, wanted to prove that women were equally qualified to be astronauts. In early 1961 they arranged for 20 highly qualified female pilots to take the same physical tests undergone by the Mercury astronauts. Thirteen passed the tests, but NASA maintained its position that astronauts had to be qualified test pilots (all of whom were white males). One of the thirteen was the wife of a US Senator, and some congressional hearings were arranged. Despite the publicity NASA was still unwilling to place them in the official NASA training program.

    Oddly enough, the selection of these women may have resulted in the first woman going into space after all. In May 1962 a Soviet delegation, including cosmonaut Gherman Titov and cosmonaut commander Nikolai Kamanin, visited Washington. Kamanin had been pushing for the flight of a Soviet woman into space since October 1961, and five Soviet female cosmonauts had just reported for training a month earlier. However the flight of a woman in space had little support from Chief Designer Korolev or Kamanin's military commanders. On May 3 Kamanin and Titov were invited to a barbecue at the home of astronaut John Glenn. Glenn, already politically-connected, was an enthusiastic supporter of the 'Lovelace 13'. Kamanin understood from Glenn that the first American woman would make a three-orbit Mercury flight by the end of 1962. Armed with the threat that 'the Americans will beat us', Kamanin was able to obtain a decision to go ahead with the first flight of a Soviet woman within weeks of his return. The Russians were obsessed with being first in space -- and even though NASA's female cosmonauts never materialised, Valentina Tereshkova of the Soviet Union became the first woman in space on June 16, 1963.


1961 January 1 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Kisha Judi.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 January 1 - .
  • Only 84 NASA personnel move from Langley to Houston - . Nation: USA. Summary: A survey was performed at the Manned Spacecraft Center to ascertain the number of personnel who intended to move with the Center from Langley Field to Houston, Texas. Only 84 personnel indicated they would not make the move..

1963 January 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike Hercules. Launch Vehicle: Nike Hercules.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1964 January 1 - . Launch Site: Barbados. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1965 January 1 - . Launch Vehicle: Spiral 50-50.
  • Spiral development at MiG bureau authorised. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: MiG 105-11. Summary: Decree 'On plan of work on Spiral at OKB-155' was issued..

1965 January 1 - .
  • Raketoplan canceled. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Raketoplan. Summary: Decree 'On end of work on the Raketoplan at OKB-52' was issued. This action was in accordance with the Five Year Military Space Plan approved on 18 June 1964..

1965 January 1 - .
  • Almaz space station development authorised. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Almaz APOS. Summary: Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On work on space stations at OKB-52' was issued..

1965 January 1 - .
  • Journalist Cosmonaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Golovanov; Letunov; Rebrov. Summary: The group was selected to provide trainees for a planned Voskhod spaceflight made with a journalist aboard..

1966 January 1 - .
  • Study grants for AAP astonomical instrumentation to be flown in the 1969-1975 period. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Orbital Workshop. Homer E. Newell, Associate Administrator for Space Science and Applications, announced opportunities for study grants to competent astronomers for conceptual and preliminary design work leading to instrumentation to be flown in the 1969-1975 period. A description of the Apollo telescope mount was included.

1967 January 1 - . LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Zenit-2 spysat moved to more powerful Voskhod launcher. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Zenit-2. Summary: Ministry of Defence Decree 15 'On transfer of Zenit-2 from the 8A92 to the 11A57 launcher' was issued..

1967 January 1 - .
1968 January 1 - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1969 January 1 - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1970 January 1 - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1971 January 1 - .
1972 January 1 - . LV Family: N1; RT-2.
  • TsKBEM reorganised - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Mishin; Dorofeyev; Bushuyev; Semenov; Shabarov. Program: Lunar L3; Soyuz; Almaz. Spacecraft: LK; Soyuz 7K-LOK; Soyuz 7K-TM; Soyuz 7K-T; Soyuz 7K-S; Soyuz 7K-OK; MKBS; Mars 5NM. TsKBEM was given a completely new structure as a result of the findings of the expert commissions on the disasters for the previous year, Mishin remained as the Chief Designer for the organisation, but each programme now had its own chief designer:

    • N1: Boris Dorofeyev
    • 8K98P solid propellant ICBM: Igor Sadovskiy
    • N1 payloads: Vladimir Brorov [check]
    • Soyuz 7K-TM, or Soyuz M, for Soyuz-Apollo: Konstantin Bushuyev
    • Soyuz 7K-T: Yuri Semenov
    • Soyuz 7K-S or Soyuz VI: Yevgeni Shabarov
    Additional Details: TsKBEM reorganised.

1972 January 1 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 January 1 - . 07:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 24.0 N x 53.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1972 January 1 - . 08:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1973 January 1 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1F-L3M.
  • N1-L3M - . Nation: USSR. Program: Lunar L3. Spacecraft: L3M-1972. Summary: The first lunar expedition project, the N1-L3M, was studied in 1973..

1974 January 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Vertikal-4.
  • Ionosphere/Solar mission? - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1974 January 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • LRL ACS 11 X-ray Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1975 January 1 - . LV Family: Energia; RLA.
  • Vulkan Mars Expedition - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Glushko. Glushko proposed a Mars expedition launched by the Vulkan heavy-lift launch vehicle. The concept was treated like a bad allergy by the VPK. He later scaled it down and proposed it for launch by Energia (using 100 tonne modules instead of 230 tonne modules).

1975 January 1 - . LV Family: N1; RLA.
  • Vulkan Lunar Base - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Mishin; Barmin; Glushko; Bushuyev. Program: Lunar L3. Spacecraft: LZhM; LZM; Lunokhod LEK; LEK. Mishin and Barmin, using budget provided by the Ministry of Defence, had designed a lunar base for launch by the N1 in 1969-1974. After the cancellation of the N1, Glushko pleaded with the Military-Industrial Commission for the work to be taken from Barmin and be given to NPO Energia. Glushko's alternative, Vulkan-launched base was elaborated within his bureau. Bushuyev developed spacecraft for the base. Prudnikova developed a modular lunar city, with living modules, factory modules, a nuclear reactor power module, and a lunar crawler with a 200 km radius of action. The project work was only finally cancelled after the Apollo-Soyuz flights.

1975 January 1 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg.
  • The USNS Sunnyvale decommissioned. - . Nation: USA. Summary: The USNS Sunnyvale, the last Air Force Western Test Range instrumentation ship, transferred to the Maritime Administration..

1975 January 1 - . LV Family: UR-700. Launch Vehicle: UR-700. LV Configuration: UR-700M.
  • Chelomei presents plan for Mars mission - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Chelomei. Class: Mars. Type: Manned Mars flyby. Spacecraft: MK-700. As the only remaining contender for the Aelita design competition, Chelomei proposes a Mars flyby using an MK-700 spacecraft. A crew of two would be sent on a two year mission in a single launch of a UR-700M booster. The spacecraft would have a mass of 250 tonnes in low earth orbit and be equipped with an RD-410 nuclear engine.

1975 January 1 - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1976 January 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1977 January 1 - .
  • Cardiologist Cosmonaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Atkov. Summary: Cardiologists were selected for planned Salyut / Mir long-duration biomedical missions..

1978 January 1 - . LV Family: Energia; RLA.
  • Vulkan Lunar Base rejected - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Keldysh; Glushko. Spacecraft: LZhM; LZM; Lunokhod LEK; LEK. An expert commission led by Keldysh examines the plan for a lunar base launched by the Vulkan booster. The plan is completely rejected. NPO Energia was told to quit dreaming and devote itself only to projects with national economic importance, like Buran. This put a definitive end to Glushko's lunar base projects studied in 1976-1978. But he just waited and started design work again on a lunar base using the Energia launch vehicle after the first Buran launch in 1988.

1978 January 1 - .
  • Kovunenko succeds Babkin as OKB head - . Nation: USSR. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Summary: VM Kovunenko succeds Babkin as head of former Lavochkin design bureau..

1978 January 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 January 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 January 1 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg.
  • Demolition and construction work began at SLC-6 - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Summary: Demolition and construction work began at Space Launch Complex 6 in preparation for the Space Shuttle program..

1980 January 1 - .
  • Female Cosmonaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Ivanova; Klyushnikova. Summary: The training group was selected for planned female missions to upstage any American female 'first in space' missions aboard the space shuttle. Soviet women would make the first female spacewalk, and the first all-female crew was planned..

1980 January 1 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 January 1 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 January 1 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 January 1 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 January 1 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1982 January 1 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: RT-23. Launch Vehicle: RT-23 15Zh44. LV Configuration: RT-23 15Zh44 15Zh44.
  • Silo test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 January 1 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1984 January 1 - .
  • Space Command assumed resource management responsibility for Global Positioning System. - . Nation: USA.

1985 January 1 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1986 January 1 - . 11:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1987 January 1 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1988 January 1 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho 2.
  • - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1989 January 1 - . 17:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: PRILIV. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1990 January 1 - .
1990 January 1 - . 00:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Commercial Titan 3. LV Configuration: Commercial Titan 3 CT-1.
  • Skynet 4A - . Payload: Skynet 4A [PAM-D2] / JCSat 2 [Orbus-7S]. Mass: 1,463 kg (3,225 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: MoD. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: ECS/OTS. USAF Sat Cat: 20401 . COSPAR: 1990-001A. Apogee: 35,790 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 5.5000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. British military communications; 6 deg E. Military communications. Expected life approx 7 years. Owner/operator: Ministry of Defence, Main Building, Whitehall, London SW1A 2HB. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 6 deg E in 1990; 29 deg E in 1991; 65 deg E in 1991; 34 deg W in 1992-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 34.01 deg W drifting at 0.003 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 63.46W drifting at 4.595W degrees per day.
  • JCSAT 2 - . Payload: JCSat 2 / Orbus-7S. Mass: 2,280 kg (5,020 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JCSAT. Program: JCSAT. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 393. USAF Sat Cat: 20402 . COSPAR: 1990-001B. Apogee: 35,877 km (22,292 mi). Perigee: 35,868 km (22,287 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,440.50 min. Japanese domestic communications; 154 deg E. Domestic communications. Launching organization Martin Marietta. Launch time 0007 GMT. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 154 deg E in 1990-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 154.04 deg E drifting at 0.006 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 116.78W drifting at 6.255W degrees per day.

1996 January 1 - .
  • China to dominate space in 21st Century - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Chertok predicted that China would replace Russia as the space superpower within ten to fifteen years..

1996 January 1 - .
  • Ukrainian Cosmonaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: Ukraine. Related Persons: Adamchuk; Meytarchan. Summary: Ukrainian astronauts trained for flights to the Mir space station..

1998 January 1 - .
  • International Cosmonaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: Slovakia. Related Persons: Babiak. Summary: Slovak astronaut trained for flights to the Mir space station..

2008 January 1 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 01/01/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Love; Malenchenko; Tani; Whitson; Williams, Dave. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-1. Happy New Year! Crew off-duty day (of course!).

    Peggy and Dan began the New Year with the daily reading of SLEEP (Sleep-Wake Actigraphy & Light Exposure during Spaceflight) experiment data accumulated during the night, for logging and filling in questionnaire entries in the experiment's session file on the HRF-1 laptop for downlink. (To monitor the crewmembers' sleep/wake patterns and light exposure, Dan and Peggy wear a special Actiwatch device which measures the light levels encountered by him as well as his patterns of sleep and activity throughout the Expedition. The log entries are done within 15 minutes of final awakening for seven consecutive days, as part of the crew's discretionary 'job jar' task list.) Additional Details: ISS On-Orbit Status 01/01/08.


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