Encyclopedia Astronautica
January 04


January 04 Chronology


1902 January 4 - .
  • Birth of John A McCone - . Nation: USA. Summary: American manager, director of the Central Intelligence Agency 1961-1965, during initial exploitation of satellite reconnaisance systems..

1931 January 4 - . Launch Vehicle: Swan.
  • Rocket glider 30 minute flight. - . Crew: Swan. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Swan. Summary: William G. Swan stayed aloft for 30 minutes over Atlantic City, N.J., in a glider powered with 10 small rockets..

1935 January 4 - .
  • Birth of Kenneth Eric Money - . Nation: Canada. Summary: Canadian physiologist payload specialist astronaut, 1983-1992..

1945 January 4 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende SK. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 20835.
  • V-2 Ma394 V1 - . Nation: Germany. Summary: Planned range 320 km. Launched into sea; accuracy 1.6 km to the right of the planned trajectory. Circular error 58.0 km from aim point. 'Kitz' launch - listed under Heidekraut launches, but actually made from Karlshagen or railhead area of Peenemuende..

1952 January 4 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Honest John. LV Configuration: Honest John 17.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 January 4 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • F-104 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 January 4 - .
  • ARDC headquarters issued System Requirement 12. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Dynasoar; Bomi. Summary: ARDC headquarters issued System Requirement 12, which called for studies of a reconnaissance aircraft or missile possessing a range of 3,000 nautical miles and capable of reaching 100,000 feet..

1958 January 4 - .
  • National Space Establishment proposal. - . Nation: USA. The American Rocket Society and the Rocket and Satellite Research Panel issued a summary of their proposals for a National Space Establishment. The consensus was that the new agency should be independent of the Department of Defense and not, in any event, under one of the military services.

1959 January 4 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg.
  • Vandenberg AFB / PMR operaitonal. - . Nation: USA. Summary: Vandenberg Air Force Base and the Pacific Missile Range declared officially operational for firings..

1962 January 4 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1963 January 4 - . 08:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78/E6. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78/E6 T103-09. FAILURE: The escape stage's BOZ unit failed to operate due to failure of a DC transformer of the power system. The stage with payload remained in Earth orbit.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Sputnik 25 - . Payload: E-6 s/n 1. Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Program: Luna. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Luna E-6. Decay Date: 1963-01-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 522 . COSPAR: 1963-001B. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi). Perigee: 165 km (102 mi). Inclination: 64.6000 deg. Period: 88.00 min.

1964 January 4 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1965 January 4 - .
  • McDonnell delivered Gemini spacecraft No. 3 to Cape Kennedy. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 3. Spacecraft: Gemini; Gemini Radar. After its receiving inspection had been completed (January 6), the spacecraft was moved to the Merritt Island Launch Area Radar Range for a communications radiation test. This test, performed only on spacecraft No. 3 because it was scheduled for the first manned mission, exercised spacecraft communications in a radio-frequency environment closely simulating the actual flight environment. The test was run January 7, and the spacecraft then began preparations for static firing.

1966 January 4 - .
  • Korolev visits Cosmonaut Training Center - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Gagarin; Titov; Popovich; Nikolayev; Tereshkova; Bykovsky; Komarov; Belyayev; Leonov; Brezhnev; Korolev. Korolev visits the centre, and spends more than six hours with the cosmonauts. However he says nothing about concrete flight plans. Afterwards Kamanin meets with Gagarin, Titov, Popovvich, Nikolayev, Tereshkova, Bykovsky, Komarov, and Belyayev (Leonov is at courses at the Academy). A profound pessimism prevails. Nothing has come of the letter to Brezhnev.

1966 January 4 - . Launch Vehicle: DF-4.
  • Chinese ICBM plans - . Nation: China. Related Persons: Tsien. Summary: Tsien proposes to add electronic countermeasures and other penetration aids to the DF-5 ICBM in order to defeat the planned American ABM system..

1967 January 4 - .
  • Apollo alternate lunar surface mission plans - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kraft. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM; LM ECS; LM Weight. An MSC meeting selected a Flight Operations Directorate position on basic factors of the first lunar landing mission phase and initiated a plan by which the Directorate would inform other organizations of the factors and the operational capabilities of combining them into alternate lunar surface mission plans.

    Flight Operations Director Christopher C. Kraft, Jr., conducted the discussion, with Rodney G. Rose, Carl Kovitz, Morris V. Jenkins, William E. Platt, James E. Hannigan, Bruce H. Walton, and William L. Davidson participating.

    The major factors (philosophy) identified at the meeting were:

    • "The astronauts should be provided with an extravehicular (EVA) timeline framework and objectives and then be given real time control of their own activities. This approach should better accommodate the first lunar surface unknowns than if rigorous activity control were attempted from earth."
    • "The LM should always be in a position to get back into lunar orbit in the minimum time. Specifically the merits and feasibility of maintaining the LM platform powered up and aligned should be evaluated. Any other LM systems requiring start up time after powering down should be identified."
    • "The constraints affecting the minimum time required to turn around and launch after LM landing and the time line should be determined. This time was estimated to two CSM orbits. The effects of Manned Space Flight Network (MSFN) support should be considered."
    • The first EVA should be allocated to LM post landing inspection, immediate lunar sample collection, lunar environment familiarization, photographic documentation, and astronaut exploration prerogatives. Any second EVA would include deployment of ALSEP (Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package) and a more systematic geological survey. Therefore, a mission nominally planned for only one EVA would not have to include an ALSEP in the payload. Any flight operations benefits resulting from deletion of the ALSEP weight and deployment operations (such as replacing weight with more fuel) must be determined."
    Other less important factors were discussed and several action items were assigned: Rose would be responsible for successful implementation of plans resulting from the meeting. Hannigan would determine the LM, portable life support system, and ALSEP systems constraints and determine if the ALSEP weight allowance could be beneficially applied to LM consumables. The Operations Analysis Branch would investigate the MSFN support.

1968 January 4 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde 1A? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1969 January 4 - .
  • Soyuz 4/5 preparations - . Nation: USSR. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 4; Soyuz 5; Soyuz 4/5. Summary: Kamanin and 50 VVS officers arrived at Tyuratam aboard an An-24 to supervise the launch of Soyuz 4 and 5..

1970 January 4 - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • NASA canceled the Apollo 20 mission and stretched out the remaining seven missions - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Low, George. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 20. Spacecraft: Apollo Lunar Landing. NASA had canceled the Apollo 20 mission and stretched out the remaining seven missions to six-month intervals, Deputy Administrator George M. Low told the press in an interview after dedication of the Lunar Science Institute (next to MSC in Houston). Budget restrictions had brought the decision to suspend Saturn V launch vehicle production after vehicle 515 and to use the Apollo 20 Saturn V to launch the first U.S. space station in 1972.

1970 January 4 - .
1971 January 4 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute,Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1972 January 4 - . 13:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P78T/C.
  • ISRO 18.01 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1973 January 4 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1974 January 4 - .
  • 93 Apollo 17 lunar plaque presented to various countries - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 17. Summary: Of the 134 Apollo 17 lunar plaques, 93 were presented by American embassies to the countries in which the embassies were located..

1975 January 4 - . 13:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1976 January 4 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache DLR H-NA-70.
  • Winter Anomaly B-IV-1 Aeronomy / ionosphere / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1976 January 4 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC DLR H-CR-69.
  • Winter Anomaly B-II-1 Aeronomy / ionosphere / solar ultraviolet / x-ray mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1976 January 4 - . 15:47 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 3. LV Configuration: Skua 3 INTA MS3CLO-76002.
  • Winter Anomaly? Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1976 January 4 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel INTA UCLP-76001.
  • Winter Anomaly B-VI-1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Spain. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1977 January 4 - . 21:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1978 January 4 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1979 January 4 - . 21:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1980 January 4 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1981 January 4 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1982 January 4 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1983 January 4 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1984 January 4 - . 17:03 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde. LV Configuration: AN/DMQ-9.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1986 January 4 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1987 January 4 - . 14:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1989 January 4 - . 14:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1990 January 4 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: SAIN. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1998 January 4 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • TPS01 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2000 January 4 - .
  • Chinese tracking fleet returns - . Nation: China. Spacecraft: Shenzhou. The Chinese space tracking ship "Yuanwang 3" has returned to the Jiangnan Port of Nanjing in East China's Jiangsu Province after successfully completing its mission with China's first experimental spacecraft "Shenzhou." The other three ships, Yuanwang 1, 2 and 4, returned from their missions earlier. During their 259-day voyage, the four ships traveled some 62, 000 nautical miles and experienced some heavy seas while tracking and communicating with the "Shenzhou" for a total of 150 minutes. (People's Daily) --- note the December 12 news (all 4 ships return) on this site is not precise.

2002 January 4 - .
  • ISS Status Report: ISS 02-01 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bursch; Onufrienko; Walz. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-4. Summary: The International Space Station's Expedition Four crew began a new year in space this week conducting a variety of experiments, testing new techniques with the station's robotic arm and beginning to prepare for a spacewalk planned later this month.. Additional Details: ISS Status Report: ISS 02-01.

2004 January 4 - .
  • Mars Exploration Rover A (Spirit), Mars Landing, Succesful - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: MER.

2008 January 4 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 01/04/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Love; Malenchenko; Tani; Whitson; Williams, Dave. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16. CDR Whitson and FE-2 Tani started out with the daily reading of SLEEP (Sleep-Wake Actigraphy and Light Exposure during Spaceflight) experiment data accumulated during the night, for logging and filling in questionnaire entries in the SLEEP session file on the HRF-1 laptop for downlink.

    (To monitor the crewmembers' sleep/wake patterns and light exposure, Dan and Peggy wear a special Actiwatch device which measures the light levels encountered by him as well as his patterns of sleep and activity throughout the Expedition. The log entries are done within 15 minutes of final awakening for seven consecutive days, as part of the crew's discretionary 'job jar' task list.)

    Also before breakfast, Peggy Whitson, Yuri Malenchenko and Dan Tani performed the periodic Russian biomedical routine assessments PZEh-MO-7/Calf Volume Measurement and PZEh-MO-8/Body Mass Measurement (5th for CDR & FE-1, 4th for FE-2), using the IM mass measurement device which Malenchenko afterwards broke down for stowage. (Calf measurements (left leg only) are taken with the IZOG device, a custom-sewn fabric cuff that fits over the calf, using the knee and lower foot as fixed reference pints, to provide a rough index of deconditioning in zero-G and effectiveness of countermeasures. For determining body mass in zero-G, where things are weightless but not massless, the Russian IM "scales" measure the inertial forces that arise during the oscillatory motion of a mass driven by two helical metering springs with known spring constants. By measuring the time period of each oscillation of the unknown mass (the crewmember) and comparing it to the period of a known mass, the crewmember's mass is calculated by the computer and displayed.) Additional Details: ISS On-Orbit Status 01/04/08.


Home - Browse - Contact
© / Conditions for Use