Encyclopedia Astronautica
January 06


January 06 Chronology


1933 January 6 - .
  • Birth of Oleg Grigoryevich Makarov - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 12, Soyuz 18-1, Salyut 6 EP-1, Salyut 6 EO-5. Survived first manned spaceflight abort during launch..

1939 January 6 - .
  • Goddard Series P Section A rocket tests - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Goddard began tests of two propellant pumps, called A and D. These were selected for use in four proving-stand tests (P1 to P4), from January 6 to February 28, 1939. From these tests it was concluded that a small chamber, or gas generator, producing warm oxygen gas, should be developed for operating the turbines.

1941 January 6 - . LV Family: Goddard. Launch Vehicle: Goddard P-C.
  • Goddard Series P Section C rocket static test - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Summary: Static test, highest lift so far recorded, 985 lb. .

1944 January 6 - . Launch Site: Heidelager. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
1945 January 6 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende SK. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 20826.
  • V-2 Ma381 V2 - . Nation: Germany. Summary: Planned range 320 km. Launched into sea; accuracy 2.1 km to the right of the planned trajectory. Circular error 3.7 km from aim point. 'Kitz' launch - listed under Heidekraut launches, but actually made from Karlshagen or railhead area of Peenemuende..

1948 January 6 - .
  • Birth of Guy Spencer Gardner - . Nation: USA. Summary: American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-27, STS-35..

1948 January 6 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 61 - . Crew: Hoover. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 23. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Hoover. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Summary: NACA flight 3. Turns and pull-ups to buffet. Mach 0.74..

1950 January 6 - . Launch Vehicle: Eole.
  • Eole engine explodes - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Barre. Summary: The engine begins oscillatory combustion at 20 seconds and explodes violently at 34 seconds. The explosion is visible 40 km from the LRBA test site at Vernon..

1954 January 6 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 1288T.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 January 6 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 3088R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 January 6 - .
  • Birth of Dr Colin Michael 'Mike' Foale - . Nation: UK; USA. Summary: British-American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-45, STS-56, STS-63, Mir NASA-4, STS-103, ISS EO-8; 373 days in space. Appointed Deputy Associate Administrator for Exploration Operations in 2004..

1959 January 6 - .
  • Mercury spacecraft heat protection. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Mercury; Mercury Heat Shield. A meeting was held at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Headquarters to discuss the method for spacecraft heat protection. Two plans were considered: beryllium heat sink and ablation. Based on this meeting a decision was made to modify the spacecraft structure in order to accomodate interchangeably ablation heat shields and beryllium heat sinks , and orders were placed for 12 and 6, respectively. The material chosen for the ablation heat was Fiberglas bonded with a modified phenolic resin. This material was found to have good structural properties even after being subjected to reentry heating.

1959 January 6 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
  • NASA Large Booster Review Committee - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Program: Apollo. The Army Ordnance Missile Command (AOMC), the Air Force, and missile contractors presented to the ARPA-NASA Large Booster Review Committee their views on the quickest and surest way for the United States to attain large booster capability. The Committee decided that the Juno V approach advocated by AOMC was best and NASA started plans to utilize the Juno V booster.

1960 January 6 - .
  • The Project Mercury data reduction plan was approved. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Summary: Space Task Group's study entitled 'Semi-Automatic Data Reduction' had been completed and submitted to NASA Headquarters for review on December 21, 1959..

1961 January 6 - .
  • Low Committee established - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; Apollo Lunar Landing; CSM Source Selection; LM Mode Debate; LM Source Selection. The Manned Lunar Landing Task Group (Low Committee) set up by the Space Exploration Program Council was instructed to prepare a position paper for the NASA Fiscal Year 1962 budget presentation to Congress. The paper was to be a concise statement of NASA's lunar program for Fiscal Year 1962 and was to present the lunar mission in term of both direct ascent and rendezvous. The rendezvous program would be designed to develop a manned spacecraft capability in near space, regardless of whether such a technique would be needed for manned lunar landing. In addition to answering such questions as the reason for not eliminating one of the two mission approaches, the Group was to estimate the cost of the lunar mission and the date of its accomplishment, though not in specific terms. Although the decision to land a man on the moon had not been approved, it was to be stressed that the development of the scientific and technical capability for a manned lunar landing was a prime NASA goal, though not the only one. The first meeting of the Group was to be held on January 9.

1963 January 6 - .
1964 January 6 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Nike Zeus. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus. LV Configuration: Nike Zeus-3.
  • Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 January 6 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2.
  • Redesigned stage I tandem actuators were received and installed in Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 2. - . Nation: USA. Although some retesting began shortly after the Gemini-Titan 2 mission was scrubbed on December 9, 1964, most activity in preparing GLV-2 for another launch attempt was curtailed until the new actuators arrived. Subsystems retesting then began. The final combined systems test - the Simulated Flight Test - was completed January 14, with launch scheduled for January 19.

1966 January 6 - .
  • No sign of Soviets catching up in space - . Nation: USSR. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Gemini 8; Gemini 10; Gemini 11; Voskhod 3; Voskhod 4; Soyuz 1; Soyuz 2A. Spacecraft: Voskhod; Soyuz 7K-OK. Kamanin reviews the American and Soviet space plans as known to him. In 1965 the Americans flew five manned Gemini missions, and the Soviets, a single Voskhod. In 1966, the Americans plan to accomplish the first space docking with Gemini 8, demonstrate a first-orbit rendezvous and docking with Gemini 10, demonstrate powered flight using a docked Agena booster stage with Gemini 11, and rendezvous with an enormous Pegasus satellite. Against this, the Soviets have no program, no flight schedule. Kamanin can only hope that during the year 2-3 Voskhod flights and 2-3 Soyuz flights may be conducted.

1967 January 6 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TX-2.
  • Antelope test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 January 6 - .
  • Mishin a no-show. - . Nation: USSR. Program: Soyuz; Lunar L3; Lunar L1. Flight: Soyuz 4; Soyuz 5; Soyuz 4/5. Summary: There is much criticism of Mishin and Keldysh for not attending launches any longer. The opinion is that they are afraid to show their faces..

1970 January 6 - .
  • Apollo MSC Experiments Review Group established - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Summary: An MSC Experiments Review Group was established to consider new or late experiments for the Apollo flights. The group would recommend MSC policy on changes in experiments and would serve as a management clearing house..

1970 January 6 - .
1971 January 6 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1972 January 6 - . 13:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P95T/C.
  • ISRO 18.02 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1973 January 6 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1975 January 6 - .
  • Shuttle static test article assembly starts. - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Summary: Start long-lead fabrication aft fuselage (STA-099).

1975 January 6 - . 23:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB Tordo I.
  • Periquito Plasma / barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 540 km (330 mi).

1976 January 6 - . 04:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53731-269.
  • Cosmos 787 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-12-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 8530 . COSPAR: 1976-001A. Apogee: 565 km (351 mi). Perigee: 509 km (316 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Summary: Replaced Cosmos 655. Possible ELINT satellite..

1977 January 6 - . 09:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 888 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1977-01-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 9658 . COSPAR: 1977-001A. Apogee: 325 km (201 mi). Perigee: 170 km (100 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1977 January 6 - . 23:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Meteor 2-02 - . Payload: Meteor-2 no. 2. Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor-2. USAF Sat Cat: 9661 . COSPAR: 1977-002A. Apogee: 893 km (554 mi). Perigee: 876 km (544 mi). Inclination: 81.3000 deg. Period: 102.70 min. Summary: Acquisition of meteorological information needed for use by the weather service..

1978 January 6 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF21. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3. LV Configuration: Minuteman 3 STM-15W.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1978 January 6 - . 15:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 974 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKM. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1978-01-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 10554 . COSPAR: 1978-001A. Apogee: 334 km (207 mi). Perigee: 178 km (110 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1981 January 6 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1237 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-01-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 12130 . COSPAR: 1981-001A. Apogee: 382 km (237 mi). Perigee: 191 km (118 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1982 January 6 - . LV Family: Energia. Launch Vehicle: Energia.
  • First test flight of VM-T transport with Energia hydrogen tank. - . Nation: USSR. Program: Buran. Spacecraft: Buran. Summary: First test of the modified 3M bomber, converted to carry piggy-back Energia core stage components and Buran orbiters..

1983 January 6 - . 14:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1984 January 6 - . 21:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 15 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1984 January 6 - . 21:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR A-NO-122.
  • Ferdinand 66 M-T 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF; DLR. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1985 January 6 - .
  • La Criolla Meteorite Fall (Hit House) - . Nation: Argentina.

1986 January 6 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1987 January 6 - . 20:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1988 January 6 - . 07:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1908 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 64. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 18748 . COSPAR: 1988-001A. Apogee: 626 km (388 mi). Perigee: 600 km (370 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 97.00 min.

1989 January 6 - . 10:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: PRILIV. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1990 January 6 - . 13:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: PRILIV. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1991 January 6 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1993 January 6 - . 02:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P. LV Configuration: MT-135P-R841.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1994 January 6 - .
  • Mir News 201: Soyuz-TM18 - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Mir EO-15; Mir EO-14; Mir LD-4. The launch of this ship with the relief crew of 3 will take place from Baykonur on 8.01.94 at 1005 UTC. If all goes according to schedule Soyuz-TM18 will dock to Mir on 10.01.94 at abt. 1148 UTC.

    Soyuz-TM17:

    The present Mir-crew (Tsibliyev and Serebrov) is already involved in activities related to their oncoming relief and their return to earth on 14.01.94. On 5.01.94 they remained on board of this ship for a long time to check systems and to look for areas in which they can stow things, which have to be returned to earth.

    Progress-M17:

    This freighter is still flying autonomously after the separation from Mir on 11.08.93. The Russians left Progress-M17 in space to check the lifetime of the systems due to the future use by the Americans of a Soyuz-TM modification as ACVR (rescue boat) for their space station. During a manoeuvre before Christmas the station came in a lower perigee (235 KM) due to a failure in the attitude control system. TsUP lost control over the freighter and they plan to have her decayed in the end of February this year. Probably this will happen spontaneously: the present orbital elements will lead to a decay at abt 28.03.94 (+ or - 3 days).

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202.


1999 January 6 - .
  • Plans for Chinese Manned Flight Officially Reported - . Nation: China. Spacecraft: Shenzhou. The official Chinese Liberation Daily reported that a Chinese manned flight would take place "by the end of this century or the beginning of the next," . This would make China the first country in more than 30 years to join the United States and Russia in the exclusive club of manned mission launchers.

2000 January 6 - .
  • ISS Status Report: ISS 00-01 - . Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Flight controllers continue to manage the charging of the batteries on the Zarya module and are watching over other systems on the station. Electrical power management continues to be the focus, with the Station operating on the power generated by four of six batteries inside Zarya. Batteries 1 and 2 remain disconnected from the electrical bus. Over the next two weeks, controllers plan to recharge battery 1 and place it in a backup, or standby mode, to be used if necessary. The four batteries currently servicing Zarya are providing more than enough power for all ISS systems. Additional Details: ISS Status Report: ISS 00-01.

2000 January 6 - .
  • Death of Harry J Goett - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goett. Summary: American engineer. At Langley from 1936, headed flight research at Ames 1958-1959, director of Goddard 1959-1965. Headed important 1960 committee that established NASA LV development plans. At Ford Aerospace from 1965..

2001 January 6 - .
  • Yuan Wang deployed for Shenzhou 2 flight - . Nation: China. Spacecraft: Shenzhou. Summary: China reported that the four Yuan Wang tracking ships celebrated the New Year on remote oceans. Yuan Wang 1 and 2 were in the Pacific Ocean, Yuan Wang 4 had arrived in the Indian Ocean, and Yuan Wang 3 was en route to the Atlantic Ocean..

2002 January 6 - .
  • Death of Burton I Edelson - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Edelson. Summary: American engineer. Worked at Comsat 1969-1982. NASA Associate Administrator for Space Science and Applications 1982-1988..

2003 January 6 - . 14:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2G. LV Configuration: Titan II SLV 23G-4 / M68B-105 / 66-4316.
  • Coriolis - . Payload: SA-200HP, P98-2. Mass: 828 kg (1,825 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Gilbert. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Coriolis. USAF Sat Cat: 27640 . COSPAR: 2003-001A. Apogee: 936 km (582 mi). Perigee: 742 km (461 mi). Inclination: 98.7362 deg. Period: 101.55 min. Coriolis was an Air Force Space Test Program three-year meteorological science mission to demonstrate the viability of using polarimetry to measure ocean surface wind speed and direction from space, and to demonstrate predictions of geomagnetic disturbances through continuous observation of Coronal Mass Ejections. Launch delayed from August 22, November 15, December 15, 16, 17 and 18, 2002 and January 5, 2003.

2006 January 6 - .
2008 January 6 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 01/06/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Malenchenko; Tani; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-1. Sunday -- off-duty day for CDR Whitson, FE-1 Malenchenko and FE-2 Tani (congratulations, Dan, to the nice write-up about you and your mom in today's Washington Post!).

    Ahead: Week 12 of Increment 16. Also:

    Christmas Eve for tomorrow's Russian Orthodox Christmas.

    CDR Whitson & FE-2 Tani started out with the daily reading of SLEEP (Sleep-Wake Actigraphy & Light Exposure during Spaceflight) experiment data accumulated during the night, for logging and filling in questionnaire entries in the SLEEP session file on the HRF-1 laptop for downlink. (To monitor the crewmembers' sleep/wake patterns and light exposure, Dan and Peggy wear a special Actiwatch device which measures the light levels encountered by him as well as his patterns of sleep and activity throughout the Expedition. The log entries are done within 15 minutes of final awakening for seven consecutive days, as part of the crew's discretionary 'job jar' task list.) Additional Details: ISS On-Orbit Status 01/06/08.


Home - Browse - Contact
© / Conditions for Use