Encyclopedia Astronautica
January 07


January 07 Chronology


1610 January 7 - .
  • Galileo Galilei's Discovery of Jupiter Moons Io, Europa and Callisto - . Nation: Italy.

1935 January 7 - .
  • Birth of Valeri Nikolayevich Kubasov - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 6, Soyuz 19 (ASTP), Salyut 6 EP-5. Flew in first docking mission between American and Soviet spacecraft. Missed two chances to be first engineer on a Soviet space station (Cosmos 557 and Soyuz 11)..

1941 January 7 - .
  • Birth of Frederick Drew 'Fred' Gregory - . Nation: USA. Summary: American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-51-B, STS-33, STS-44. USAF helicopter pilot who would fly his T-38 trainer at alarmingly low altitude during cross-country trips. Paradoxically later appointed NASA Administrator for Safety..

1943 January 7 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende P7. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 V-010. FAILURE: Exploded at ignition.
1944 January 7 - . Launch Site: Heidelager. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. FAILURE: Tail explosion.
1946 January 7 - . LV Family: V-1. Launch Vehicle: V-1.
  • Loon first launch. - . Nation: USA. First missile launched at Naval Air Facility, Point Mugu, Calif., a KVW-1 Loon, USN name for AAF robot bomb (JB-2) modeled on the German V-1. The inert Loon was launched from an XM-1 launcher, a split-tube catapult with seven sequentially fired powder chambers.

1951 January 7 - .
1954 January 7 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 1197A.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1959 January 7 - .
  • $10 million of fiscal year 1959 funds for the Dyna-Soar program. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Dynasoar. Summary: Deputy Secretary of Defense, D. A. Quarles reinstated the $10 million of fiscal year 1959 funds for the Dyna-Soar program..

1960 January 7 - . 01:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC13. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 43D.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi). Summary: 43D achieved a 6300 NM (7200 SM) flight from AMR with enough residual fuel for an additional 2000 miles.

1961 January 7 - . 17:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18B. Launch Pad: LC18B. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Blue Scout 1. LV Configuration: Blue Scout I D-3.
  • HETS A1-1 Plasma / radio astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,600 km (900 mi).

1963 January 7 - .
  • Seven Vostok flights planned in 1963 - . Nation: USSR. Flight: Vostok 5; Vostok 6; Vostok 6A; Vostok 7; Vostok 8; Vostok 9; Vostok 10. Summary: Agreement was finally reached among space management for the production of five additional Vostok spacecraft during 1963. Two would be used in solo flights and five in group flights..

1963 January 7 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1B 423A. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1963 January 7 - . 21:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena D. LV Configuration: Thor Agena D 369 / Agena D 1157.
  • KH-4 9051 - . Payload: KH-4 s/n 9051 / Agena D 1157. Mass: 1,150 kg (2,530 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; CIA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-4. Decay Date: 1963-01-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 525 . COSPAR: 1963-002A. Apogee: 384 km (238 mi). Perigee: 202 km (125 mi). Inclination: 82.0000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Summary: KH-4. Erratic vehicle attitude. Frame ephemeris not created..

1964 January 7 - .
  • Grumman to implement changes to space suit oxygen umbilical hoses - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM; A7L. ASPO directed Grumman to implement a number of recommendations on space suit oxygen umbilical hoses discussed at a joint Grumman/North American meeting and forwarded to ASPO on December 4, 1963:

    1. adopt a design that would permit use of CM hose sets in the LEM after crew transfer;
    2. place connectors on short hoses permanently attached to the suit, because suit vision and arm mobility did not permit use of on-suit connectors;
    3. determine exact placement and hose angles to route the suit portable life support system umbilicals between the legs of the suit;
    4. build the "buddy concept" into the umbilical design by ensuring that one of the LEM hoses had valve and safety provisions; and
    5. design the CM and LEM oxygen hose umbilicals to be interchangeable. (MSC would select a contractor for the connectors.)

1965 January 7 - .
  • Revised Apollo launch schedule - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. William A. Lee, chief of ASPO's Operations Planning Division, announced a revised Apollo launch schedule for 1966 and 1967. In 1968, a week-long earth orbital flight would be a dress rehearsal for the lunar mission. "Then the moon," Lee predicted. "We have a fighting chance to make it by 1970," he said, "and also stay within the 20 billion price tag set . . . by former President Kennedy."

1965 January 7 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 56.5 S x 27.4 W. Launch Platform: T-AGM-8. LV Family: Iris. Launch Vehicle: Hydra-Iris. LV Configuration: Hydra-Iris SAP-1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • LRL SAP-1 Ionosphere/Magnesium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN NMC. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1965 January 7 - . 03:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.142NA.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1966 January 7 - . 08:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92.
  • Cosmos 104 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 36. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1966-01-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 1903 . COSPAR: 1966-001A. Apogee: 379 km (235 mi). Perigee: 195 km (121 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite. Program not completely met. Spacecraft put into incorrect orbit by abnormal function of second and third stages of booster..

1967 January 7 - . 08:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: M9186. Launch Platform: SHIP-SOV. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 44 km (27 mi).

1968 January 7 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur SLV-3C. LV Configuration: SLV-3C Centaur AC-15 / Centaur D-1A 5903C.
  • Surveyor 7 - . Payload: Surveyor SC-7. Mass: 1,036 kg (2,283 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; JPL. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Surveyor. Decay Date: 1968-01-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 3091 . COSPAR: 1968-001A. Summary: Soft landed on lunar Moon; photographed lunar surface; sampled lunar soil..

1969 January 7 - .
  • Preparations at Baikonur - . Nation: USSR. Program: Soyuz; Luna. Flight: Soyuz 4; Soyuz 5; Soyuz 4/5. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK. The head of the launch commission for Venera-5 and 6 says that will work on the Ye-8 and Ye-8-5 robot moon landers was making progress, it would be fantasy to believe that a moon landing and return to earth could be successfully accomplished in 1969. Venera was 'no answer' to Apollo at all. Meanwhile, he was worried about Soyuz landing in the Aral Sea in the event of problems during re-entry. Kustanin remembers times in the past when supposedly 'waterproof' spacecraft had landed in water. One Soyuz had splashed down in the Aral Sea, and one Zenit spysat in the Volga River. Both sank easily. But the chances of either Soyuz 4 or 5 landing in the Aral Sea were assessed as only 0.003. In any cases 5 helicopters and 3 Be-12 seaplanes were on standby to recover the crew in such an eventuality.

1969 January 7 - . 00:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL AG07.626.
  • AFGL TMA release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1969 January 7 - . 23:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL AH07.672.
  • AFGL Barium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi).

1970 January 7 - .
  • NASA issued instructions for deletion of the Apollo 20 mission from the program - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 20. Spacecraft: Apollo LM. NASA issued instructions for deletion of the Apollo 20 mission from the program. MSC was directed to take immediate action to:

    • Stop work on LM-14 and determine its disposition.
    • Delete requirements for the Apollo 20 spacesuits and portable and secondary life support systems.
    • Determine disposition of CSM 115A pending a final decision as to its possible use in a second workshop mission.
    • Reevaluate orbital science experiments and assignments and prepare proposed revisions.

1971 January 7 - . 20:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.365GM.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1971 January 7 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.372GM.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1972 January 7 - . 13:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P77T/C.
  • ISRO 18.03 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1973 January 7 - . 17:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Starute, Datasonde Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1974 January 7 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 48 km (29 mi).

1975 January 7 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1976 January 7 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 788 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1976-01-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 8551 . COSPAR: 1976-002A. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi). Perigee: 183 km (113 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1977 January 7 - . 07:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AED-VB-46.
  • Aurora / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 261 km (162 mi).

1978 January 7 - . 00:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur SLV-3D. LV Configuration: SLV-3D Centaur AC-46 / Centaur-D1AR AC-46.
  • Intelsat 4A F-3 - . Mass: 1,511 kg (3,331 lb). Nation: International. Agency: Intelsat. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Intelsat 4A. Completed Operations Date: 1988-11-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 10557 . COSPAR: 1978-002A. Apogee: 35,909 km (22,312 mi). Perigee: 35,874 km (22,291 mi). Inclination: 7.2000 deg. Period: 1,441.50 min. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Launch vehicle put payload into geosynchronous transfer orbit Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Indian Ocean at 60 deg E in 1978-1982 over the Pacific Ocean 179 deg E in 1982-1986 over the Pacific Ocean 177 deg E in 1986-1988 As of 2 September 2001 located at 156.51 deg W drifting at 1.304 deg W per day. As of 2007 Feb 27 located at 107.90E drifting at 1.326W degrees per day.

1979 January 7 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. Launch Pad: LA2B?. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: DF-5.
  • - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Other sources say launch was from Taiyuan..

1980 January 7 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1981 January 7 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1982 January 7 - . 15:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53755-102.
  • Cosmos 1331 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 13027 . COSPAR: 1982-001A. Apogee: 795 km (493 mi). Perigee: 757 km (470 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Replaced Cosmos 1302..

1983 January 7 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • RSLP LBRV-2 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1984 January 7 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Marka. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki MAP/WINE M-M.
  • M-D 10L Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1985 January 7 - . 19:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M. Launch Pad: M1. LV Family: Mu. Launch Vehicle: Mu-3S-II. LV Configuration: Mu-3S-II M-3S2-1.
  • SS-10 Sagikake - . Payload: MS T5. Mass: 141 kg (310 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Tansei. USAF Sat Cat: 15464 . COSPAR: 1985-001A. Sakigake ('Pioneer') was a test spacecraft similar to Suisei (Planet-A). Objectives were :verification of fundamental technology related to interplanetary missions, including deep-space communication, attitude control, attitude determination; study and observation of solar wind and plasma waves and interplanetary magnetic field. It carried three instruments to measure plasma wave spectra, solar wind ions, and interplanetary magnetic fields. The spacecraft was spin-stabilized at two different rates (5 and 0.2 rpm). It was equipped with hydrazine thrusters for attitude and velocity control, star and sun sensors for attitude determination, and a mechanically despun off-set parabolic dish for long-range communication. Launched into an initial heliocentric orbit with a period of 318.8 days, at 151.4 x 121.9 million km (0.815 x 1.012 AU), 1.439 degree inclination. Flew by Comet Halley on its sunward side at a distance of about 7 million kilometers on March 11, 1986. It later made an Earth swingby on January 8, 1992 with a closest approach of 88,997 km. This was the first planet-swingby for a Japanese spacecraft. During the approach, Sakigake observed the geotail, with passage occurring at 290 Re on 14 June 1993 before ISTP's multi-spacecraft investigation of that region. The second Earth swingby was on June 14, 1993 at 40 Re, and the third on October 28, 1994 at 86 Re. Almost no hydrazine remained so no further maneuvers were accomplished. Telemetry contact was lost on 15 November 1995 at a distance of 106 million km. Future mission planning had included a 23.6 km/s, 10,000 km flyby of Comet Honda-Mrkos-Pajdusakova on Feb 3, 1996 (approaching the nucleus along the tail) some 0.17 AU from the Sun, and a 14 million km passage of Comet Giacobini-Zinner on Nov 29, 1998.

1986 January 7 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1987 January 7 - . 16:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1989 January 7 - . 12:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: PRILIV. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1991 January 7 - . 17:03 GMT - .
  • EVA Mir EO-8-1 - . Crew: Afanasyev; Manarov. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.22 days. Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Afanasyev; Manarov. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Flight: Mir EO-8. Spacecraft: Mir. Summary: Completed repair of Kvant 2 hatch..

1998 January 7 - . 02:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC46. Launch Pad: SLC46. LV Family: Athena. Launch Vehicle: Athena-2. LV Configuration: Athena-2 LM-004.
  • Lunar Prospector - . Payload: Discovery 3. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Ames. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Discovery. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Lunar Prospector. Decay Date: 1999-07-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 25131 . COSPAR: 1998-001A. The Lunar Prospector was designed for a low polar orbit investigation of the Moon, including mapping of surface composition and possible polar ice deposits, measurements of magnetic and gravity fields, and study of lunar outgassing events. Data from the 1 to 3 year mission will allow construction of a detailed map of the surface composition of the Moon, and will improve understanding of the origin, evolution, current state, and resources of the Moon. After launch, the Lunar Prospector had a 105 hour cruise to the Moon, followed by insertion into a near-circular 100 km altitude lunar polar orbit with a period of 118 minutes. The nominal mission duration was one year.

2005 January 7 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-1 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chiao; Sharipov. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-10. Summary: The Expedition 10 crew began the New Year by embarking on biomedical experiments, unloading contents from the recently arrived Russian Progress cargo vehicle and troubleshooting the Station's oxygen generator.. Additional Details: International Space Station Status Report #05-1.

2008 January 7 - .
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