Encyclopedia Astronautica
January 23


January 23 Chronology


1903 January 23 - .
  • Birth of Walther Johannes Riedel - . Nation: Germany. Summary: German manager and engineer who managed development of V-2 rocket engine after the death of Thiel. In the US he transferred this technology to Rocketdyne, which led to the engines for the Redstone, Thor, Jupiter, Atlas, and Saturn I rockets..

1906 January 23 - .
  • Birth of Eberhard Julius Spohn - . Nation: Germany; USA. Summary: German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter. German expert in guided missiles during WW2. As of January 1947, working at Fort Bliss, Texas. Died at Heidelberg, Germany..

1930 January 23 - .
1941 January 23 - .
  • Glenn Research Center founded. - . Nation: USA.

1945 January 23 - . Launch Site: V-2 Battery 836. Launch Pad: 3./836. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • V-2 combat launch from Hachenburg - . Nation: Germany. Summary: Hachenburg, Gehlert, (5) rockets fired, (impacts unknown), (one failure)..

1947 January 23 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 20 - . Crew: Goodlin. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 10. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goodlin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Summary: Bell flight 10. Buffet boundary investigation. Full-power climb..

1947 January 23 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone.
  • Hermes telemetry system test. - . Nation: USA. Summary: Telemetry operated successfully in a V-2 firing at WSPG, Army Ordnance's Hermes telemetry system..

1948 January 23 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 68 - . Crew: Hoover. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 28. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Hoover. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Summary: NACA flight 8. Attempted high-speed run aborted at mach 0.83, drop in chamber pressure..

1949 January 23 - .
  • Birth of Robert Donald 'Bob' Cabana - . Nation: USA. Summary: American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-41, STS-53, STS-65, STS-88. US Marine Corps.

1949 January 23 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 34R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 January 23 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Deacon.
  • X-3 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 January 23 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 8E.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 January 23 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69D 53-8173.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 January 23 - .
  • X-1B Flight 27 - . Crew: Armstrong. Payload: X-1B flight 27. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Armstrong. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: X-1B. Summary: NACA flight 17. Reaction-control investigation. Mach 1.5 at 16775 m. Last NACA flight..

1959 January 23 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Able II. LV Configuration: Thor Able II 128. FAILURE: Failure.
  • RVX-1 Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1961 January 23 - . 21:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 90D.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi). Summary: Final test flight of USAF Atlas D traveled 5,000 miles to target down Atlantic Missile Range, representing 35 successes, 8 partials, and 6 failures in 49 test launchings for D model. 75th Atlas launched at AMR, successful.

1962 January 23 - . 17:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2. LV Configuration: Polaris A2X-17 (A2G-2). FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1962 January 23 - . 21:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 132D.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1963 January 23 - .
  • VVS Generals discuss Soyuz - . Nation: USSR. Flight: Soyuz 11. Spacecraft: Soyuz A; Soyuz B; Soyuz V. They decide that the VVS must insist on spacesuits or at least light pressure garments for the crew, and windows that will allow the crew to view the parachute cupola and ground during landings. It is agreed that the insistence on ejection seats and wings can be dropped.

1963 January 23 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC26A. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter. LV Configuration: Jupiter IRBM CM-106.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: Italy. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1963 January 23 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Arrow II.
  • Tracking Flare test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1963 January 23 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Arrow II.
  • Tracking Flare test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1963 January 23 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC32B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1B 419.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1964 January 23 - .
1964 January 23 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-C. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2. LV Configuration: Titan II N-26.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 January 23 - .
  • Department of Defense requesting proposals for design / development of the MOL. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: McNamara. Spacecraft: MOL. Defense Secretary Robert S. McNamara announced that the Department of Defense was requesting proposals from the aerospace industry for design studies to support development of the MOL (especially cost and technical data). Three contractors would be chosen to conduct the studies, a step preliminary to any DOD decision to proceed with full-scale development of the space laboratory.

1965 January 23 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 635. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3P-157.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 January 23 - . 20:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena D SLV-3. LV Configuration: SLV-3 Agena D 7106 / Agena D 7106.
  • KH 7-15 - . Payload: KH-7 no. 15 / OPS 4703. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-7. Decay Date: 1965-01-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 980 . COSPAR: 1965-005A. Apogee: 291 km (180 mi). Perigee: 146 km (90 mi). Inclination: 102.5000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. Summary: KH-7 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1966 January 23 - . 12:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 44 km (27 mi).

1967 January 23 - . LV Family: CZ-1. Launch Vehicle: CZ-1.
  • Tsien removed - . Nation: China. Related Persons: Tsien. Spacecraft: DFH-1. Tsien was overthrown by the 916 (Mao) Clique. Ye Zhengguang, a missile engineer, with the approval off Zhou En Lai and Marshall Nie, confronts Tsien and removes him from his post as head of the Seventh Ministry. Minister of Machine Building Wang Bingzhang was also deposed. However Tsien was protected by the leadership, made a 'Vice Minister', and claimed he supports the coup. Wang refused to cooperate and would not hand over the chops of his office to the 916 Clique.

1967 January 23 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache Sphere 37.
  • STV? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1967 January 23 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache Sphere.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1968 January 23 - . LV Family: MR-UR-100; N1; RT-2; UR-100N.
1968 January 23 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01V-3 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 January 23 - . 05:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.13UE.
  • Ionosphere currents Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1968 January 23 - . 05:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II ADD-2-109/ADD-VB-109.
  • Fields / Ionosphere / Micrometeorites Aurora / ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1969 January 23 - .
  • Cosmonauts shot at in assassination attempt - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Brezhnev; Feoktistov; Nikolayev; Khrunov; Volynov; Yeliseyev; Shatalov. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 4; Soyuz 5; Soyuz 4/5. The assassination attempt is made on Brezhnev, instead hitting the cosmonaut's car, on the way to the Kremlin. A muted press conference follows. All the cosmonauts are there, except Feoktistov, who is on honeymoon with his second wife, and Nikolyaev, who has the Hong Kong flu.

1969 January 23 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • N1 stormclouds - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Mishin; Afanasyev, Sergei. Program: Lunar L3. Spacecraft: LK; Soyuz 7K-LOK. Summary: In the morning Mishin advised his staff of comments made by Afanasyev at the Kremlin reception the previous evening. He had called a Soviet of the chief designers for 27 January to discuss the fate of the N1 programme..

1969 January 23 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 2. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV. LV Configuration: Athena B038.
  • USAF B038 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Summary: The Athena was designed to simulate the re-entry environment of an intercontinental ballistic missile and was one of the few examples of sustained interstate missile tests within the United States..

1969 January 23 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 264 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4M. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1969-02-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 3667 . COSPAR: 1969-008A. Apogee: 295 km (183 mi). Perigee: 209 km (129 mi). Inclination: 69.9000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; carried radio astronony and gamma ray experiments; maneuverable..

1969 January 23 - . 12:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1969 January 23 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7C. LV Configuration: Skylark-7C SL726.
  • B / Ion / Te Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1969 January 23 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.315IM.
  • RTG SNC 2A / 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; RTG. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1970 January 23 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle.
  • NASA Houston in-house study of shuttle concepts - . Nation: USA. The study was in an attempt to resolve disputes between the centres as to the best approach. Houston's Faget straight-wing two-stage vehicle was in competition with concepts from other centres - recoverable versions of Saturn boosters, and an advanced single-stage-to-orbit Aerospaceplane. Payload for the Faget vehicle was to be only 5,700 to 6,800 kg to low earth orbit, and the system was to be operational by the end of 1975, after the last Apollo flight.

1970 January 23 - . 11:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta N6. LV Configuration: Thor Delta N6 542/D76.
  • ITOS 1 - . Payload: Tiros M. Mass: 309 kg (681 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NOAA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: ITOS. USAF Sat Cat: 4320 . COSPAR: 1970-008A. Apogee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Perigee: 1,434 km (891 mi). Inclination: 101.8000 deg. Period: 115.00 min. Summary: Improved TIROS Operational Satellite. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..
  • Oscar 5 - . Payload: Australis-Oscar 5. Mass: 18 kg (39 lb). Nation: Australia. Agency: Clemson. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft: Oscar. USAF Sat Cat: 4321 . COSPAR: 1970-008B. Apogee: 1,478 km (918 mi). Perigee: 1,434 km (891 mi). Inclination: 101.8000 deg. Period: 115.00 min. Australis-OSCAR 5 was launched piggyback with ITOS-1 (TIROS-M weather satellite. Weight 17.7 kg (9 kg of which was battery mass). Box shaped 304 x 431 x 152 mm. 2 meter monopole and 10 meter dipole antennas. It was the first amateur satellite to be remotely controlled. Built by students at The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Battery powered, Australis-OSCAR 5 transmitted telemetry on both 2 meter (144.050 MHz at 50 mW) and 10 meter (29.450 MHz at 250 mW) bands that operated for 23 and 46 days respectively. Passive magnetic attitude stabilization was performed by carrying two bar magnets to align with the Earth's magnetic field in order to provide a favorable antenna footprint. The University of Melbourne compiled tracking reports from hundreds of stations in 27 countries.

1970 January 23 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25C. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon. LV Configuration: Poseidon C3XT-19.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971 January 23 - .
  • Meeting of VVS leadership. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Tereshkova. Spacecraft: Spiral OS. Kamanin reviews his public relations operations. In ten years the cosmonauts have made 6,000 speeches and gone on 200 publicity tours. Tereshkova is the most in demand. 30 documentary films have been produced, as well as hundreds of books and brochures. The Star City Museum had 13,000 visitors in 1970.

1971 January 23 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.260GG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1971 January 23 - . 04:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB ADD-VB-24.
  • Auroral VUV Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 375 km (233 mi).

1971 January 23 - . 13:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-35.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 338 km (210 mi).

1971 January 23 - . 20:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1972 January 23 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur SLV-3C. LV Configuration: SLV-3C Centaur AC-28 / Centaur D-1A 5008C.
  • Intelsat 4 F-4 - . Mass: 1,410 kg (3,100 lb). Nation: International. Agency: Intelsat. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Intelsat 4. Completed Operations Date: 1983-05-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 5775 . COSPAR: 1972-003A. Apogee: 35,917 km (22,317 mi). Perigee: 35,905 km (22,310 mi). Inclination: 10.5000 deg. Period: 1,442.50 min. Over Pacific. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Launch vehicle put payload into geosynchronous transfer orbit Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Pacific Ocean at 174 deg E in 1972-1974; over the Pacific Ocean 179 deg E in 1975-1982; over the Atlantic Ocean 1 deg W in 1982-1983 As of 28 August 2001 located at 178.00 deg E drifting at 1.569 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 7 located at 155.84W drifting at 1.593W degrees per day.

1972 January 23 - . 11:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-37.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1973 January 23 - .
1973 January 23 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 628. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • FOT-5 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1973 January 23 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 628. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • FOT-5 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1973 January 23 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 628. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • FOT-5 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1973 January 23 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 628. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • FOT-5 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1974 January 23 - .
1974 January 23 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • SSTTP M2-28 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1974 January 23 - . 06:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AMD-VB-34.
  • Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1974 January 23 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4. LV Configuration: Skua 4 MS4CLO-7402.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1975 January 23 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 704 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1975-02-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 7617 . COSPAR: 1975-005A. Apogee: 305 km (189 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1975 January 23 - . 11:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-50.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 353 km (219 mi).

1976 January 23 - .
  • Death of Dr Aleksey Vasilyevich Sorokin at Zvyozdny Gorodok, Russia. Heart disease / blood poisoning. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Sorokin. Summary: Russian physician cosmonaut, 1964-1964. Soviet Air Force Physician. On the staff of the cosmonaut training center, working in the field of aerospace medicine.Later head of department at several scientific institutes..

1976 January 23 - .
  • MPTA-098 truss on dock, Downey - . Nation: USA. Program: STS.

1976 January 23 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • SFT-105 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1976 January 23 - . 22:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Ute Tomahawk GL A09.402-2.
  • Winter Anomaly Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1976 January 23 - . 22:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk GL A08.608-1.
  • Winter Anomaly Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1977 January 23 - . 19:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.1005UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1978 January 23 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHOK. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1979 January 23 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25C. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4. LV Configuration: Trident C-4 C4X-21.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 January 23 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/1. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1151 - . Payload: Okean-E no. 2. Mass: 1,950 kg (4,290 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Okean. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources radar satellite. Spacecraft: Okean-E. Completed Operations Date: 1981-10-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 11671 . COSPAR: 1980-005A. Apogee: 589 km (365 mi). Perigee: 566 km (351 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.20 min. Summary: Test mission of Okean satellite without the radar. Testing of methods for obtaining operational information on the oceans..

1981 January 23 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/1. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3. FAILURE: Payload shroud failed to separate.. Failed Stage: S.
  • Geo-IK no. 1 - . Payload: Geo-IK no. 1. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: Geo-IK. Decay Date: 1981-01-23 . COSPAR: F810123A.

1982 January 23 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. Launch Vehicle: Aries. LV Configuration: Aries GL A24.7S2-02.
  • FIRSSE (BMP) ABM infrared sensor technology / infrared technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 378 km (234 mi).

1982 January 23 - . 12:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion NASA 31.25GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1982 January 23 - . 12:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion NASA 31.19GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1984 January 23 - . 07:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: N-2. LV Configuration: N-2 N-12(F).
  • Yuri 2A - . Payload: BS-2a. Mass: 670 kg (1,470 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: BS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 3000. Completed Operations Date: 1989-07-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 14659 . COSPAR: 1984-005A. Apogee: 36,191 km (22,488 mi). Perigee: 36,072 km (22,414 mi). Inclination: 4.9000 deg. Period: 1,453.80 min. TV. BS-2a (Yuri-2a). Domestic satellite broadcasting; development of broadcasting satellite technology. Launch 0758 GMT. N launch vehicle flight no 12. Launching organization NASDA. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 110 deg E in 1984-1985; 108 deg E in 1985-1987; 110 deg E in 1987-1988 As of 28 August 2001 located at 69.57 deg E drifting at 4.403 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 153.52W drifting at 4.395W degrees per day.

1985 January 23 - . 09:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.23UE.
  • COPE Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 January 23 - . 09:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 10. LV Configuration: Black Brant X NASA 35.009UE.
  • COPE Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 769 km (477 mi).

1985 January 23 - . 19:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1625 - . Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: EORSAT. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: US-P. Decay Date: 1985-01-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 15492 . COSPAR: 1985-008A. Apogee: 390 km (240 mi). Perigee: 118 km (73 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Summary: Ocean monitoring..

1986 January 23 - .
  • Brad Smith's Discovery of Uranus Moon Bianca - . Nation: USA.

1986 January 23 - . 18:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 47122-334.
  • Cosmos 1727 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 16510 . COSPAR: 1986-008A. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 957 km (594 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Summary: Civilian naval navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1506..

1987 January 23 - . 13:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1988 January 23 - .
1988 January 23 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.29GU.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1989 January 23 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 640. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • DASO-31 demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1990 January 23 - . 02:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78M-ML.
  • Molniya 3-37 - . Payload: Molniya-3 s/n 53. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Molniya-3. Decay Date: 2003-06-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 20444 . COSPAR: 1990-006A. Apogee: 39,367 km (24,461 mi). Perigee: 982 km (610 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 717.70 min. Summary: Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio communications system in the USSR; transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to stations in the Orbita network and within the framework of international cooperation. .

1990 January 23 - . 19:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.33UL.
  • PACE Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1991 January 23 - . 10:59 GMT - .
  • EVA Mir EO-8-2 - . Crew: Afanasyev; Manarov. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.23 days. Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Afanasyev; Manarov. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Flight: Mir EO-8. Spacecraft: Mir. Summary: Installed Strela boom on Mir..

1991 January 23 - . 19:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Dhahran - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 23 - . 19:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Dhahran - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 23 - . 19:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-W. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Israel - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 23 - . 19:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Riyadh - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 23 - . 19:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Riyadh - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1992 January 23 - . 19:19 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.075UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1994 January 23 - .
  • Death of Lee Alvin DuBridge - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: DuBridge. Summary: American physicist. President of Caltech 1946-1969; Science Adviser to Presidents Truman and Nixon..

1995 January 23 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-520. LV Configuration: S-520-17.
  • Submillimeter radio astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 346 km (214 mi).

1998 January 23 - . 02:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-89.
  • STS-89 - . Call Sign: Endeavour. Crew: Wilcutt; Edwards; Reilly; Anderson; Thomas, Andrew; Dunbar; Sharipov. Payload: Endeavour F12 / Spacehab Double Module. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Wilcutt; Edwards; Reilly; Anderson; Thomas, Andrew; Dunbar; Sharipov. Agency: NASA Houston. Manufacturer: Douglas. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: Mir NASA-5; Mir EO-24; STS-89; Mir NASA-6. Spacecraft: Endeavour. Duration: 8.82 days. Decay Date: 1998-01-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 25143 . COSPAR: 1998-003A. Apogee: 382 km (237 mi). Perigee: 359 km (223 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. Penultimate Shuttle mission to Mir. Andy Thomas replaced David Wolf as the resident NASA astronaut. Endeavour docked with the SO module on Mir at 20:14 GMT on January 24, 1998.

    Payloads included:

    • Orbiter middeck: CEBAS (German/US biological module with fish and snails); dinosaur skull (part of a museum educational program)
    • Bay 1: Tunnel Adapter
    • Bay 3: Orbiter Docking System/External Airlock
    • Bay 4-7: Transfer Tunnel
    • Bay 8-12: Spacehab Double Module (payloads included supplies for Mir, X-ray crystallography detector planned for the International Space Station)
    • Bay 13P: Getaway Special GABA carrier with G-141, G-145 (German materials processing experiments)
    • Bay 13S: Getaway Special GABA carrier with G-093 (University of Michigan fluid dynamics experiment), G-432 (Chinese materials processing experiment)

    Despite fits problems with his Sokol emergency spacesuit, Andy Thomas replaced David Wolf as a Mir crew member on January 25. Endeavour undocked from Mir on January 29 at 16:57 GMT and made one flyaround of the station before departing and landing at Kennedy Space Center's runway 15 at 22:35 GMT on January 31.

  • Spacehab Double Module - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space laboratory. Spacecraft: Spacehab. COSPAR: 1998-003xx.
  • External Airlock/ODS - . Payload: EAL/ODS. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mir. Decay Date: 1998-01-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 25143 . COSPAR: 1998-003xx. Apogee: 382 km (237 mi). Perigee: 359 km (223 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.00 min.

2002 January 23 - . 23:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 42L. LV Configuration: Ariane 42L-3 V147.
  • Insat 3C - . Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Program: Insat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Insat 3. USAF Sat Cat: 27298 . COSPAR: 2002-002A. Apogee: 35,805 km (22,248 mi). Perigee: 35,768 km (22,225 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Communications satellite. Launch delayed from January 16. The Ariane placed Insat 3C into a geosynchronous transfer orbit. The Indian communications satellite had a mass of 1050 kg empty, 2750 kg fuelled. It carried 30 C-band and two S-band transponders. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 73.96E drifting at 0.007W degrees per day.

2003 January 23 - .
2004 January 23 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: Prithvi. Launch Vehicle: Prithvi.
  • Test mission - . Nation: India. Agency: IDRDL. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2008 January 23 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 01/23/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Anderson, Clayton; Love; Malenchenko; Tani; Whitson; Williams, Dave. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-15-2; ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-1; STS-122. CDR Whitson and FE-2 Tani started out with the daily reading of SLEEP (Sleep-Wake Actigraphy and Light Exposure during Spaceflight) experiment data accumulated during the night, for logging and filling in questionnaire entries in the SLEEP session file on the HRF-1 laptop for downlink.

    (To monitor the crewmembers' sleep/wake patterns and light exposure, Dan and Peggy wear a special Actiwatch device which measures the light levels encountered by him as well as his patterns of sleep and activity throughout the Expedition. The log entries are done within 15 minutes of final awakening for seven consecutive days, as part of the crew's discretionary 'job jar' task list.)

    Peggy Whitson continued her work with the InSPACE-2 (Investigating the Structure of Paramagnetic Aggregates from Colloidal Emulsions) experiment in the MSG (Microgravity Science Glovebox), today conducting runs #23 and #24, then powering down the payload and switching the MSG to standby. (After activation of MSG plus InSPACE & InSPACE-2 equipment, Peggy checked on alignment & focusing of MSG video cam #2, repositioned the sample vial, changed out video recorder tapes and later deactivated InSPACE & MSG. InSPACE, conducted last in June 2006 by Jeff Williams on Increment 13, obtains basic data on magnetorheological fluids, i.e., a new class of "smart materials" that can be used to improve or develop new brake systems, seat suspensions robotics, clutches, airplane landing gear, and vibration damper systems. The dispersed particles are contained in CAs (Coil Assemblies) in the MSG that subject them to electric fields of certain strength and frequencies.) Additional Details: ISS On-Orbit Status 01/23/08.


2009 January 23 - . 03:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. LV Family: H-2. Launch Vehicle: H-IIA 202.
  • Ibuki - . Mass: 1,750 kg (3,850 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Manufacturer: Mitsubishi. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Ibuki. USAF Sat Cat: 33492 . COSPAR: 2009-002A. Apogee: 672 km (417 mi). Perigee: 669 km (415 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 98.20 min. Summary: Greenhouse Gas Observing Satellite, renamed Ibuki after launch. The satellite carried a TANSO-FTS IR spectrometer and TANSO-CAI cloud and aerosol imager..
  • PRISM - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: Mitsubishi. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: PRISM. USAF Sat Cat: 33493 . COSPAR: 2009-002B. Apogee: 641 km (398 mi). Perigee: 614 km (381 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 97.30 min. Summary: Remote sensing picosatellite built by the University of Tokyo, with a 10-cm aperture Earth imager on a 1-meter deployable boom..
  • SDS-1 - . Mass: 100 kg (220 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: Mitsubishi. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: JAXA SDS. USAF Sat Cat: 33494 . COSPAR: 2009-002C. Apogee: 668 km (415 mi). Perigee: 663 km (411 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 98.00 min. Summary: JAXA Small Demonstration Satellite, a microsatellite with a camera, GPS receiver and sun sensor..
  • SOHLA-1 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: Mitsubishi. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: SOHLA. USAF Sat Cat: 33495 . COSPAR: 2009-002D. Apogee: 667 km (414 mi). Perigee: 654 km (406 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 98.00 min. Summary: Satellite built by the Space Oriented Higashi-osaka Leading Association, Osaka, carrying a cloud cover imager..
  • SpriteSat - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: Mitsubishi. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: SpriteSat. USAF Sat Cat: 33496 . COSPAR: 2009-002E. Apogee: 668 km (415 mi). Perigee: 658 km (408 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 98.00 min. Summary: Microsatellite stabilized by a gravity gradient boom to study atmospheric sprites, built by by Tohoku University, Sendai..
  • Kagayaki - . Mass: 28 kg (61 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: Mitsubishi. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Kagayaki. USAF Sat Cat: 33497 . COSPAR: 2009-002F. Apogee: 670 km (410 mi). Perigee: 668 km (415 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 98.10 min. Summary: Technology satellite built by Sorun Corporation, Tokyo, with several technology payloads..
  • Kukai - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: Mitsubishi. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Kukai. USAF Sat Cat: 33498 . COSPAR: 2009-002G. Apogee: 667 km (414 mi). Perigee: 647 km (402 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 97.90 min. Summary: Also named STARS, a Kagawa University picosatellite demonstrating a tethered space robot. It consisted of two tethered box-shaped packages, dubbed Ku and Kai..
  • KKS 1 - . Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: Mitsubishi. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: KKS. USAF Sat Cat: 33499 . COSPAR: 2009-002H. Apogee: 667 km (414 mi). Perigee: 651 km (404 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 97.90 min. Summary: Picosatellite built by Kouku-kosen, the Tokyo Metropolitan College of Aeronautical Engineering, carrying an Earth imager..

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