Encyclopedia Astronautica
January 24


January 24 Chronology


1900 January 24 - .
  • Birth of Arthur P Urbanski - . Nation: Germany; USA. Summary: German-American engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter. As of 1960, Head of Mechanical Systems Analsysis Branch, Quality Division, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center. Died at Huntsville..

1902 January 24 - .
  • Birth of Oskar Morgenstern - . Nation: Germany; USA. Summary: German-American economist, came to the United States in 1925, and worked at Princeton after 1938. Founded Mathematica, which provided economic analyses to government, notoriously the study that found the shuttle cheaper than expendable LVs..

1907 January 24 - .
1914 January 24 - .
1945 January 24 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende P10. Launch Vehicle: A4b. LV Configuration: V-2 18543.
  • A-4b #2 - . Nation: Germany. Agency: Wehrmacht. The first successful launch, this reached 80 km altitude and 1200 m/s. It then flew stably in supersonic flight using its 13.5 sq. m. wing. The automatic guidance system was designed to keep the missile on course in both supersonic and subsonic flight regimes. However the wing broke off shortly after the beginning of the glide. This concluded work on the A4b/A9; the increasingly chaotic situation in Germany prevented further flight tests.

1947 January 24 - . 00:22 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 19.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; GE. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi). Summary: Launched 17:22 local time. Reached 50 km. Carried no upper atmospheric research experiments. Technology flight for General Electric..

1952 January 24 - .
1952 January 24 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal. LV Configuration: Corporal 14-12R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1955 January 24 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 1530T.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 January 24 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-1. Launch Vehicle: R-1 8A11. LV Configuration: R-1 8A11 No 465. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1957 January 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • Cone re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1960 January 24 - . 00:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-2-7.
  • X-15A SAS Evaluation test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2685 kph. Maximum Altitude - 20374 m..

1960 January 24 - . 16:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: R-7A. LV Configuration: R-7A I1-3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • R-7A I-3 test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1961 January 24 - .
1961 January 24 - . 21:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC13. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E. LV Configuration: Atlas E 8E. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1962 January 24 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Able-Star. LV Configuration: Thor Ablestar 311 AB010. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Lofti 2 - . Mass: 99 kg (218 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Lofti 2. Decay Date: 1962-01-24 . COSPAR: F620124A. Summary: Carried 5 satellites..
  • Injun 2 - . Payload: Injun 2. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft: Injun. COSPAR: F620124D.
  • Surcal - . Payload: Surcal. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Surcal. COSPAR: F620124E.
  • Solrad 4 - . Payload: GRAB 4. Mass: 18 kg (39 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: GRAB. COSPAR: F620124B.
  • Secor - . Payload: Secor. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft: SECOR. COSPAR: F620124C.

1963 January 24 - .
  • Crew mobility evaluation of the ILC Apollo pressure suit conducted - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Cockpit. The first evaluation of crew mobility in the International Latex Corporation (ILC) pressure suit was conducted at North American to identify interface problems. Three test subjects performed simulated flight tasks inside a CM mockup. CM spatial restrictions on mobility were shown. Problems involving suit sizes, crew couch dimensions, and restraint harness attachment, adjustment, and release were appraised. Numerous items that conflicted with Apollo systems were noted and passed along to ILC for correction in the continuing suit development program.

1964 January 24 - . 00:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.61GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1964 January 24 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1A 551.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 January 24 - .
  • New space schedules - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Korolev; Afanasyev, Sergei; Petrovskiy; Chelomei; Malinovskiy. Program: Voskhod; Soyuz; Lunar L1. Flight: Soyuz 1; Soyuz 2A; Soyuz 7K-L1 mission 1; Soviet Lunar Landing. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK; Soyuz 7K-L1; Soyuz 7K-LOK; LK. The VVS General Staff reviews a range of documents, authored by Korolev before his death, and supported by ministers Afanasyev and Petrovskiy. The schedules for the projects for flying around and landing on the moon are to be delayed from 1966-1967 to 1968-1969. A range of other space programs will similarly be delayed by 18 to 24 months. An institute for tests of space technology will be established at Chelomei's facility at Reutov. The IMBP will be made the lead organization for space medicine. Responsibility for space technology development will be moved from MOM to 10 other ministries. 100 million roubles have been allocated for the establishment of new research institutes. Kamanin is appalled, but Malinovskiy favours getting rid of the responsibility for these projects. The arguments over these changes - which reduce the VVS role in spaceflight - will be the subject of much of Kamanin's diary over the following weeks.

1966 January 24 - . 05:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.185GM.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1967 January 24 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1B 828.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1967 January 24 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk MUMP-8 (ETR-1474).
  • Diurnal thermosphere Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 325 km (201 mi).

1967 January 24 - . 11:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk MUMP-6 (ETR-1828).
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 325 km (201 mi).

1967 January 24 - . 15:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk MUMP-3 (ETR-1165).
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 324 km (201 mi).

1967 January 24 - . 19:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk MUMP-1 (ETR-0381).
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 336 km (208 mi).

1967 January 24 - . 22:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk MUMP-2 (ETR-0611).
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi).

1968 January 24 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 608. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2. LV Configuration: Polaris A2P-94.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 January 24 - . 22:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thorad Agena D SLV-2G. LV Configuration: Thorad SLV-2G Agena D 516 / Agena D 1640.
  • KH-4A 1045 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1045 / Agena D 1640 / OPS 2243. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; CIA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1968-02-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 3113 . COSPAR: 1968-008A. Apogee: 438 km (272 mi). Perigee: 179 km (111 mi). Inclination: 81.5000 deg. Period: 90.70 min. Summary: KH-4A. All cameras operated satisfactorily..
  • OPS 6236 - . Payload: EHH B10. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: SSF. Decay Date: 1970-03-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 3114 . COSPAR: 1968-008xx. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi). Perigee: 185 km (114 mi). Inclination: 81.6000 deg. Period: 88.20 min.
  • SRV 741 - . Payload: SRV 1045-1 / OPS 6236. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1970-03-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 3114 . COSPAR: 1968-008B. Apogee: 545 km (338 mi). Perigee: 470 km (290 mi). Inclination: 81.7000 deg. Period: 94.70 min. Summary: Radar monitoring..

1969 January 24 - .
  • Apollo CSM Flight Readiness Review Board - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 9. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Block II. The CSM Flight Readiness Review Board convened at MSC. Martin L. Raines presented the Reliability and Quality Assurance assessment and pointed out the improvement in discrepancy reports between spacecraft 101, 103, and 104 and concluded that 104 was better than 103 and ready to fly. George M. Low noted that the CSM Review had been outstanding.

1970 January 24 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NRL NF3.193.
  • Solar infrared Solar infrared mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi).

1971 January 24 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-34.
  • Sco X-1 X-ray astronomy / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi).

1972 January 24 - . 10:47 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 1.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1973 January 24 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC142/34. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67MA.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 January 24 - . 11:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 545 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 62. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1973-08-01 . Decay Date: 1973-07-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 6348 . COSPAR: 1973-004A. Apogee: 495 km (307 mi). Perigee: 268 km (166 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Summary: Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1974 January 24 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 629 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1974-02-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 7100 . COSPAR: 1974-003A. Apogee: 289 km (179 mi). Perigee: 197 km (122 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule. First successful test of SpK small film return capsule planned for Yantar. SpK capsule FEU-170-13 No. 1702 / 2L successfully recovered..
  • Cosmos 629 Nauka - . Payload: FEU-170-13 s/n 2L. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Nauka. Decay Date: 1974-02-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 7100 . COSPAR: 1974-003xx. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.20 min.

1975 January 24 - . 14:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1976 January 24 - . Launch Site: WTR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 600. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3T.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 January 24 - . Launch Site: WTR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 600. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3T.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 January 24 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1978 January 24 - . 06:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 3-09 - . Payload: Molniya-3 s/n 20. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Molniya-3. Decay Date: 1990-04-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 10605 . COSPAR: 1978-009A. Apogee: 36,195 km (22,490 mi). Perigee: 85 km (52 mi). Inclination: 63.3000 deg. Period: 636.80 min. Continued operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio-communication system within the Soviet Union and transmission of USSR central television programmes to stations in the Orbita and participating international networks (international cooperation scheme).

1978 January 24 - . 09:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 986 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKM. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1978-02-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 10607 . COSPAR: 1978-010A. Apogee: 318 km (197 mi). Perigee: 172 km (106 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1979 January 24 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • ABRES ABRV-1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1980 January 24 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1152 - . Payload: Yantar-2K s/n 928. Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-2K. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-02-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 11678 . COSPAR: 1980-006A. Apogee: 341 km (211 mi). Perigee: 169 km (105 mi). Inclination: 67.1000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance. Mission terminated early for unknown reasons (normally 30 day duration)..

1980 January 24 - . 17:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk Ferdinand 50.
  • Ferdinand 50 / COROBIER Test / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1981 January 24 - . 14:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Progress 12 - . Payload: Progress s/n 113. Mass: 7,020 kg (15,470 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft: Progress. Duration: 55.11 days. Completed Operations Date: 1981-03-20 16:58:58 . Decay Date: 1981-03-20 16:58:58 . USAF Sat Cat: 12152 . COSPAR: 1981-007A. Apogee: 308 km (191 mi). Perigee: 247 km (153 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 90.00 min. Unmanned supply vessel to Salyut 6. Delivery of various cargoes to the Salyut-6 orbital station. Docked with Salyut 6 on 26 Jan 1981 15:56:00 GMT. Undocked on 19 Mar 1981 18:14:00 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 20 Mar 1981 16:59:00 GMT. Total free-flight time 3.02 days. Total docked time 52.10 days.

1982 January 24 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion NASA 31.24GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1984 January 24 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 34 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 January 24 - . 18:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 35 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1985 January 24 - . 16:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1626 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 47. Mass: 2,200 kg (4,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 15494 . COSPAR: 1985-009A. Apogee: 618 km (384 mi). Perigee: 590 km (360 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.80 min. Summary: Replaced Cosmos 1408..

1985 January 24 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-20/51-C.
  • STS-51-C - . Call Sign: Discovery. Crew: Buchli; Mattingly; Onizuka; Payton; Shriver. Payload: Discovery F03 / Magnum 1 [IUS]. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Buchli; Mattingly; Onizuka; Payton; Shriver. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-51-C. Spacecraft: Discovery. Duration: 3.06 days. Decay Date: 1985-01-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 15496 . COSPAR: 1985-010A. Apogee: 341 km (211 mi). Perigee: 332 km (206 mi). Inclination: 28.4000 deg. Period: 91.30 min. Manned five crew. Deployed USA 8 (Aquacade ELINT spacecraft). Orbits of Earth: 48. Landed at: Runway 15 at Kennedy Space Center, Florida. Landing Speed: 342 kph. Touchdown miss distance: 839.00 m. Landing Rollout: 2,240.00 m. Payloads: Department of Defence classified payloads.
  • USA 8 - . Payload: Magnum 1 [IUS]. Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Magnum. USAF Sat Cat: 15543 . COSPAR: 1985-010B. Apogee: 34,670 km (21,540 mi). Perigee: 341 km (211 mi). Inclination: 28.4000 deg. Period: 612.30 min. Summary: New Magnum model geostationary ELINT satellite model replaced earlier Rhyolite/Aquacade. Deployed from STS-51C 24 January 1985. Boosted to geostationary orbit. As of 2003 Apr 30 located at 69.16E drifting at 0.038W degrees per day..

1986 January 24 - .
  • Voyager 2, Uranus Flyby - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Voyager.

1987 January 24 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1988 January 24 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur Jubilee.
1989 January 24 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1990 January 24 - . 11:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M. Launch Pad: M1. LV Family: Mu. Launch Vehicle: Mu-3S-II. LV Configuration: Mu-3S-II M-3S2-5.
  • Hiten - . Payload: Muses A. Mass: 185 kg (407 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Program: Muses. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Hiten. Decay Date: 1993-04-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 20448 . COSPAR: 1990-007A. Apogee: 286,183 km (177,825 mi). Perigee: 262 km (162 mi). Inclination: 30.6000 deg. Period: 9,597.60 min. MUSES-A was renamed Hiten after launch. It developed of lunar swingby techniques for future missions and ejected a lunar orbiter. Launching organization ISAS. On 1990 Jan 25: Period 6.665 days, inclination 30.63 deg, 262.49 x 286182.72 km. On 1992 Feb 17: Period 4.53 days, inclination 38.90 deg, perilune 2289.67 km, apolune 49013.93 km.
  • Hagoromo - . Payload: Muses A. Mass: 12 kg (26 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Program: Muses. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Hagoromo. USAF Sat Cat: 20618 . COSPAR: 1990-007B. Summary: Lunar orbiter ejected from Muses A 3/19/90; contact lost after release; engineering test. Lunar Orbit (Selenocentric). .

1990 January 24 - . 22:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 6925. LV Configuration: Delta 6925 D191.
  • USA 50 - . Payload: GPS 2-6 / GPS SVN 18. Mass: 1,665 kg (3,670 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2 and 2A. USAF Sat Cat: 20452 . COSPAR: 1990-008A. Apogee: 21,226 km (13,189 mi). Perigee: 21,168 km (13,153 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Period: 759.50 min. Summary: Global Positioning System. Retired..

1992 January 24 - . 01:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78M-2BL.
  • Cosmos 2176 - . Payload: Oko #68. Mass: 1,900 kg (4,100 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Military. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 21847 . COSPAR: 1992-003A. Apogee: 37,349 km (23,207 mi). Perigee: 3,058 km (1,900 mi). Inclination: 66.1000 deg. Period: 718.80 min. Summary: Covered Oko constellation plane 6 - 119 degree longitude of ascending node..

1993 January 24 - . 05:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U2.
  • Soyuz TM-16 - . Call Sign: Vulkan (Volcano ). Crew: Manakov; Polishchuk. Backup Crew: Serebrov; Tsibliyev. Payload: Soyuz TM 11F732 s/n 101. Mass: 7,150 kg (15,760 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Manakov; Polishchuk; Serebrov; Tsibliyev. Agency: RAKA. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Mir EO-13; Mir EO-12. Spacecraft: Soyuz TM. Duration: 179.03 days. Decay Date: 1993-07-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 22319 . COSPAR: 1993-005A. Apogee: 394 km (244 mi). Perigee: 393 km (244 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.40 min. Manned two crew. Mir Expedition EO-13. Transported to the Mir manned orbital station a crew of the thirteenth main expedition comprising the cosmonauts G M Manakov and A F Poleschuk.The Soyuz carried the APAS androgynous docking system instead of the usual probe system.

1994 January 24 - . 21:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP. LV Configuration: Ariane 44LP+ V63. FAILURE: Stage 3 turbopump overheated.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Eutelsat II F5 - . Mass: 1,880 kg (4,140 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: Eutelsat. Program: Eutelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 100. Decay Date: 1994-01-24 . COSPAR: F940124A. Summary: Launched with Turksat 1..

1995 January 24 - . 03:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Tsikada - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 23463 . COSPAR: 1995-002A. Apogee: 1,020 km (630 mi). Perigee: 964 km (599 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Summary: Civilian navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 13 of constellation. Maritime navigation. Signals at 150.00 MHz and 400.00 MHz..
  • FAISAT - . Mass: 115 kg (253 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: FAI. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: FAISAT. USAF Sat Cat: 23465 . COSPAR: 1995-002C. Apogee: 1,021 km (634 mi). Perigee: 966 km (600 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Summary: Store/forward communications..
  • Astrid - . Mass: 26 kg (57 lb). Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Astrid. USAF Sat Cat: 23464 . COSPAR: 1995-002B. Apogee: 1,027 km (638 mi). Perigee: 963 km (598 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Summary: Auroral plasma and auroral imaging..

1996 January 24 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P. LV Configuration: MT-135P-R951.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1997 January 24 - . 15:32 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: Standard SM-2ER Block IV. LV Configuration: SM-2-IV NTW DTR-1A.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

2000 January 24 - .
  • Discovery of Dhofar 019 Meteorite (Mars Meteorite) - . Nation: Libya.

2001 January 24 - . 04:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. LV Configuration: Soyuz 11A511U K15000-673.
  • Progress M1-5 - . Payload: Progress M1 s/n 254. Mass: 7,300 kg (16,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Korolev. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft: Progress M1. Duration: 58.00 days. Decay Date: 2001-03-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 26688 . COSPAR: 2001-003A. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi). Perigee: 151 km (93 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.20 min. Mir Deorbiting mission. Launch delayed from January 16 and 18. The Mir station had a power failure on January 18, delaying the launch of the Progress cargo ship that was to deorbit it for a few days. Nick-named "Hearse", it was to deliver the 130 tonne Mir station to its cremation over the southern Pacific. Six cosmonauts were on "Hot-Standby" to reach Mir in the event the automatic docking failed. Progress M1-5 carried 2677 kg of fuel. A special three-day fuel-economy approach was be used to keep as much fuel as possibile for the deorbit. Progress M1-5 docked with the +X Kvant port at 0533 GMT on January 27. It later undocked and was deorbited over the Pacific together with Mir on 23 March.

2003 January 24 - . 13:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL13.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 14:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL14.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 15:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL15.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL16.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL17.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL18.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 19:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL19.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL20.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion. LV Configuration: Terrier Orion NASA 41.030GE.
  • MacWAVE Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 21:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL21.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL22.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

2003 January 24 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL24.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

2006 January 24 - .
  • Death of Bruce T Lundin - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Lundin. Summary: American engineer, at NASA 1943-1977, heading propulsion development efforts at Lewis, notably the Centaur engine..

2006 January 24 - . 01:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima Y. LV Family: H-2. Launch Vehicle: H-IIA 2022. LV Configuration: H-IIA 2022 H-IIA-8F.
  • Daichi - . Payload: ALOS-1. Mass: 3,850 kg (8,480 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Manufacturer: Toshiba. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: Daichi. USAF Sat Cat: 28931 . COSPAR: 2006-002A. Apogee: 697 km (433 mi). Perigee: 693 km (430 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.70 min. Summary: Advanced Land Observing Satellite, which carried an L-band synthetic aperture radar, an optical 2.5-meter resolution mapping camera, and a 10-meter resolution visible/near-infrared radiometer..

2007 January 24 - .
2008 January 24 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 01/24/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Love; Malenchenko; Tani; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-1. CDR Whitson and FE-2 Tani started out with the daily reading of SLEEP (Sleep-Wake Actigraphy and Light Exposure during Spaceflight) experiment data accumulated during the night, for logging and filling in questionnaire entries in the SLEEP session file on the HRF-1 laptop for downlink.

    (To monitor the crewmembers' sleep/wake patterns and light exposure, Dan and Peggy wear a special Actiwatch device which measures the light levels encountered by him as well as his patterns of sleep and activity throughout the Expedition. The log entries are done within 15 minutes of final awakening for seven consecutive days, as part of the crew's discretionary 'job jar' task list.)

    Dan Tani dismantled the InSPACE-2 (Investigating the Structure of Paramagnetic Aggregates from Colloidal Emulsions) experiment in the MSG (Microgravity Science Glovebox) and stowed the equipment, including the video gear. Additional Details: ISS On-Orbit Status 01/24/08.


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