Encyclopedia Astronautica
January 26


January 26 Chronology


1902 January 26 - .
  • Birth of Laurence C Craigie - . Nation: USA. Summary: American test pilot. First American to fly a jet aircraft, the XP-59. After WW2 he directed Air Force research and development programs. USAF deputy chief of staff for development, 1951-1954. Retired 1955 after a heart attack..

1909 January 26 - .
  • Birth of Friedrich Duerr - . Nation: Germany; USA. Summary: German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter..

1945 January 26 - . Launch Site: V-2 Battery 836. Launch Pad: 3./836. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • V-2 combat launch from Hachenburg - . Nation: Germany. Summary: Hachenburg, Gehlert, (4) rockets fired, (impacts unknown)..

1946 January 26 - .
  • Army begins test of guided missiles. - . Nation: USA. Summary: Army announced creation by AAF of the First Experimental Guided Missiles Group to develop and test rocket missiles at Eglin Field, Fla..

1949 January 26 - .
  • Samolyot 5 supersonic rocketplane glide flight. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Samolyot 5. Summary: The 5-2 second aircraft, with rocket engine installed, made its first glide flight..

1952 January 26 - .
  • Birth of Mario Jr 'Trooper' Runco - . Nation: USA. Summary: American meteorologist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-44, STS-54, STS-77..

1952 January 26 - . Launch Site: Le Cardonnet. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique R. LV Configuration: Veronique R R7.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1954 January 26 - . LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11FM.
  • R-11FM authorised. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Council of Soviet Ministers (SM) Decree 'On approval of work on the R-11FM' was issued..

1955 January 26 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike T 1532.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 January 26 - .
  • Satellite symposium. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Van Allen. Summary: Symposium on "The Scientific Uses of Earth Satellites" held at the University of Michigan under sponsorship of the Upper Atmosphere Rocket Research Panel, James A. Van Allen of the State University of Iowa, Chairman..

1956 January 26 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Tandem Double Deacon.
  • E15 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 January 26 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor DM-18. LV Configuration: Thor DM-18 101. FAILURE: Lox contamination, led to a valve failure. Thrust decayed, the booster settled back through the thrust ring, causing an oxygen fire, followed by booster explosion.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Series I research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi). Summary: First attempted test flight of USAF Thor IRBM, only 13 months after first production contracts were signed, failed to launch..

1958 January 26 - . 04:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee Hi. LV Configuration: Aerobee Hi NN3.03F.
  • NRL NN3.03F Aeronomy/Plasma/Fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1959 January 26 - .
  • NASA completed negotiations with McDonnell for the Mercury spacecraft. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. NASA completed contract negotiations with McDonnell for the design and development of the Mercury spacecraft. At that time, McDonnell estimated that the first 3 spacecraft could be delivered in 10 months. Spacecraft refinements slipped this estimated goal by only 2 months.

1959 January 26 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral RW30/12. LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho X-10. LV Configuration: X-10 s/n 10 GM-52-3.
  • Navaho X-10 Drone BOMARC target mission 3 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: Navaho. Summary: The X-10 was launched with only one electrical generator due to a lack of any remaining spares. As it headed out over the ocean, that generator failed. It lost all electrical power, and crashed into the ocean 105 km downrange..

1960 January 26 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. Launch Pad: ALA3. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone. LV Configuration: Redstone 2011.
  • Capsule operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Summary: Successful missile test with capsule. Missed aimpoint by 277 m..

1960 January 26 - . 00:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC26B. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter. LV Configuration: Jupiter IRBM AM-28.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF; NASA Huntsville. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Fired from AMR at 1948 hours EST to a prescribed range of: 1,299.4 nm. The nose cone impacted 0.04 nm over and 3.27 nm to the left. All missions were successfully accomplished despite elevated temperatures in the tail section. The primary mission of this flight was to test the two-way deflector launch section and to analyse elevated temperatures in the tail

1960 January 26 - . 05:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.02GT.
  • X248 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 951 km (590 mi).

1960 January 26 - . 23:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 6D. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Initial operational capability demonstration launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi). Summary: Two Atlas ICBMs launched within two hours - one by SAC at VAFB, one by GD/A at AMR; both successful..

1961 January 26 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
  • Saturn C-1 changed to a two-stage configuration - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Program: Apollo. Summary: Wernher von Braun, Director of Marshall Space Flight Center, proposed that the Saturn C-1 launch vehicle be changed from a three-stage to a two-stage configuration to meet Apollo program schedules. The planned third stage (S-V) would be dropped..

1961 January 26 - .
1962 January 26 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2.
  • Titan II plans to ensure flight safety and enhance reliability. - . Nation: USA. After investigating potential malfunction problems of the modified Titan II/Gemini launch vehicle, Martin-Baltimore prepared a study report with plans to provide the components necessary to ensure flight safety and enhance reliability. Martin defined the malfunction problem quantitatively in terms of the probability of each cause and its characteristic effect on the system and vehicle. Martin intended to keep the launch vehicle as much like the weapon system as possible; thus the data obtained from the Air Force's weapon system development program would be applicable to the launch vehicle. Only minimal modifications to enhance probability of mission success, to increase pilot safety, and to accommodate the Gemini spacecraft as the payload were to be made. These included a malfunction detection system; backup guidance, control, and hydraulic systems; and selective electrical redundancies.

1962 January 26 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B. LV Configuration: Atlas Agena B 121D (AA3) / Agena B 6003 (AA3). FAILURE: Agena B second stage guidance system failure. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Ranger 3 - . Payload: NASA P-34 (RA-3). Mass: 327 kg (720 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Ranger. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Ranger 3-4-5. USAF Sat Cat: 221 . COSPAR: 1962-Alpha-1. Lunar impact probe; missed the moon by 36,874 km and went into solar orbit. A malfunction in the booster guidance system resulted in excessive spacecraft speed. Reversed command signals caused the telemetry antenna to lose earth acquisition, and mid-course correction was not possible. Some useful data were obtained from the flight. Of four scientific experiments only one was partially completed: gamma-ray readings of the lunar surface. Attempts to relay television pictures of the moon and to bounce radar signals off the moon at close range were unsuccessful.

1963 January 26 - .
  • New assignments for the seven original astronauts - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Cooper; Grissom; Slayton; Carpenter; Shepard; Schirra; Glenn; Armstrong; Borman; Conrad; Lovell; McDivitt; See; Stafford; White; Young. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Gemini. MSC announced new assignments for the seven original astronauts: L. Gordon Cooper, Jr., and Alan B. Shepard, Jr., would be responsible for the remaining pilot phases of Project Mercury; Virgil I. Grissom would specialize in Project Gemini; John H. Glenn, Jr., would concentrate on Project Apollo; M. Scott Carpenter would cover lunar excursion training; and Walter M. Schirra, Jr., would be responsible for Gemini and Apollo operations and training. As Coordinator for Astronaut Activities, Donald K. Slayton would maintain overall supervision of astronaut duties.

    Specialty areas for the second generation were: trainers and simulators, Neil A. Armstrong; boosters, Frank Borman; cockpit layout and systems integration, Charles Conrad, Jr.; recovery system, James A. Lovell, Jr.; guidance and navigation, James A. McDivitt; electrical, sequential, and mission planning, Elliot M. See, Jr.; communications, instrumentation, and range integration, Thomas P. Stafford; flight control systems, Edward H. White II; and environmental control systems, personal equipment, and survival equipment, John W. Young.


1964 January 26 - . 21:59 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 623. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2. LV Configuration: Polaris A2P-191.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 January 26 - .
  • Apollo Lunar Landing Research Vehicle results - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gilruth. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LLRV. Warren J. North, Chairman of the Lunar Landing Research Vehicle (LLRV) Coordination Panel, reported to MSC Director Robert R. Gilruth that the LLRV had been flown 10 times by Flight Research Center pilots - eight times by Joe Walker and twice by Don Mallick. Maximum altitude achieved was 91 m (300 ft) and maximum forward velocity was 12 m (40 ft) per sec. Additional Details: Apollo Lunar Landing Research Vehicle results.

1965 January 26 - . 09:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 35.1 S x 35.5 W. Launch Platform: T-AGM-8. LV Family: Iris. Launch Vehicle: Hydra-Iris. LV Configuration: Hydra-Iris SAP-2.
  • LRL SAP-2 (SAA) Ionosphere / magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN NMC. Apogee: 289 km (179 mi).

1966 January 26 - . 02:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: S-250. LV Configuration: S-250 BT-250-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 6.00 km (3.70 mi).

1966 January 26 - . 10:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Vehicle: HAD. LV Configuration: HAD 176.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 January 26 - . 23:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sandia 154-60 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1967 January 26 - .
  • NASA planned to form an "embryonic space station" in 1968-69 by clustering four AAP payloads. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Mueller. Spacecraft: Orbital Workshop. At a NASA Hq briefing, Associate Administrator for Manned Space Flight George E. Mueller stated that NASA planned to form an 'embryonic space station' in 1968-69 by clustering four AAP payloads launched at different times. The first mission would be the launch of a manned spacecraft followed several days later by a spent S-IVB stage converted into an OWS. After the two spacecraft had docked, the crew would enter the Workshop through an airlock. Twenty-eight days later they would passivate the OWS and return to Earth in their spacecraft. In three to six months, a second manned spacecraft would be launched on a 56-day mission to deliver a resupply module to the OWS and to rendezvous with an unmanned ATM, the fourth and last launch of the series. The cluster would be joined together using the multiple docking adapter. Emphasizing the importance of manning the ATM, Mueller said that 'if there is one thing the scientific community is agreed on it is that when you want to have a major telescope instrument in space it needs to be manned.'

1967 January 26 - . 17:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta E. LV Configuration: Thor Delta E 472/D45.
  • ESSA 4 - . Payload: TOS B. Mass: 132 kg (291 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: ESSA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: TOS. USAF Sat Cat: 2657 . COSPAR: 1967-006A. Apogee: 1,440 km (890 mi). Perigee: 1,326 km (823 mi). Inclination: 102.0000 deg. Period: 113.40 min. Summary: Replaced ESSA 2. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1967 January 26 - . 18:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1968 January 26 - .
  • Unsuccessful L1 SAS abort system test at Vladimirovka. - . Nation: USSR. Program: Lunar L1. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1; Soyuz 7K-OK. The parachute failed to inflate after the capsule separated from the escape tower. The recovery apparatus on both the Soyuz and L1 versions of the capsule continue to perform badly. The soft landing engines have ignited at altitudes of 2000 to 4000 m instead of the 1.2 m required for a soft landing. On the first UR-500K abort the SAS functioned, but the parachute failed to separate after landing, dragging the capsule for 600 m across the steppes. On the second UR-500K abort, there was a premature opening of the parachute, and reaction control system venting led to burn-through of some of the parachute lines.

1968 January 26 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.205GG.
  • Stellar astronomy Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1969 January 26 - . 09:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 350. LV Configuration: Aerobee 350 NASA 17.03GE.
  • Electron gun Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 271 km (168 mi).

1970 January 26 - .
  • HL-10 Flight 33 - . Crew: Dana. Payload: HL-10 flight 33. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Dana. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: HL-10. Summary: Maximum Speed - 1443 kph. Maximum Altitude - 26730 m. Flight Time - 411 sec..

1970 January 26 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin N-J-19.
  • DLR N-J-19 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1971 January 26 - .
  • ECS technology review. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Keldysh; Voronin; Severin; Gazenko. Program: Salyut. Spacecraft: Salyut 1; MKBS; Aelita. Keldysh heads a review of spacecraft environmental control system development. The work of the IMBP is not well organised. They have been developing systems for eight years with no concrete results. G I Voronin is responsible for oxygen regenerator and thermal regulation systems; G I Severin, for space suits; O G Gazenko for biosensors, medicines, and space food. Two problems need to be solved: to understand and counter the effects of zero gravity on the human organism; and to develop a reliable environmental control system with a guaranteed life of two to three years. Keldysh declares that in the next five to ten years the Soviet Union will not fly space stations with artificial gravity. Therefore, due to the inevitable deterioration of the human body in zero gravity, crews will have to be rotated every 30 to 60 days. Development must continue with an eye to supporting eventual lunar bases and manned expeditions to Mars.

1971 January 26 - . 00:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur SLV-3C. LV Configuration: SLV-3C Centaur AC-25 / Centaur D-1A 5005C.
  • Intelsat 4 F-2 - . Mass: 706 kg (1,556 lb). Nation: International. Agency: Intelsat. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Intelsat 4. Completed Operations Date: 1983-05-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 4881 . COSPAR: 1971-006A. Apogee: 36,236 km (22,515 mi). Perigee: 36,151 km (22,463 mi). Inclination: 15.3000 deg. Period: 1,457.00 min. Launch vehicle put payload into geosynchronous transfer orbit; the satellite performed the apogee burn and positioned itself in geosynchronous orbit over the Atlantic Ocean at 24.5 deg W. Subsequently at 23 deg W in 1971-1975; over the Atlantic Ocean 1-6 deg W in 1976-1980; over the Atlantic Ocean 0-5 deg E in 1980-1983. As of 3 September 2001 at 31.91 deg E drifting at 5.168 deg W per day. As of 2006 Dec 18 located at 133.93E drifting at 5.166W degrees per day. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C).

1971 January 26 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C60/2.
  • ESRO C60 / 2 Chemical release / particles mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1971 January 26 - . 12:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 393 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 34. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1971-06-12 . Decay Date: 1971-06-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 4884 . COSPAR: 1971-007A. Apogee: 485 km (301 mi). Perigee: 272 km (169 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Summary: Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1971 January 26 - . 13:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel ESRO P40/1.
  • ESRO P40 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1971 January 26 - . 17:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AMD-VB-26.
  • Airglow Ionosphere / solar mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 282 km (175 mi).

1971 January 26 - . 22:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Terrier Tomahawk SECEDE.
  • Cert.Round (Probe C) test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1971 January 26 - . 23:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois SECEDE R14.
  • REDWOOD Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 252 km (156 mi).

1972 January 26 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • OT GT11GM operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1973 January 26 - .
  • Ames requested six R4D rocket engines surplus to the Apollo program for Pioneer-Venus - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Pioneer 12. Ames Research Center requested that six R4D rocket engines designed for use in the Apollo program be transferred from MSC to Ames. Possibly the engines would be suitable for the retro-injection function in the Pioneer Venus series of atmospheric probe and orbiter missions. First launch was planned for early 1977.

1973 January 26 - .
  • Rocco A. Petrone became the new NASA MSFC Director. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Petrone; Rees. Summary: MSFC Director Eberhard F. M. Rees retired. He had served as Director since 1 March 1970. Rocco A. Petrone, NASA Apollo Program Director, became the new MSFC Director. .

1973 January 26 - . 11:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M Yu149-37.
  • Cosmos 546 - . Payload: Tsiklon Mass Model. Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Tsiklon. USAF Sat Cat: 6350 . COSPAR: 1973-005A. Apogee: 564 km (350 mi). Perigee: 537 km (333 mi). Inclination: 50.7000 deg. Period: 95.70 min. Summary: Military navigation satellite..

1974 January 26 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 January 26 - . 09:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands LC12. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Terrier Tomahawk Sandia 152-202. FAILURE: Failure.
  • LRL ACS-7C X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1974 January 26 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF25. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • OT GT24GB-1 operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1975 January 26 - . 02:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan. LV Configuration: Eridan E012A.
  • ARAKS Northward Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1976 January 26 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Platform: F-4. LV Family: Recruit. Launch Vehicle: Pedro Recruit. LV Configuration: Pedro Recruit FLAME 8.
  • FLAME test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1977 January 26 - . 08:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. Launch Vehicle: Aries. LV Configuration: Aries NRL NB24.276.
  • Astro 8-1 (A8) X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 347 km (215 mi).

1978 January 26 - . 04:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-2C. LV Configuration: Chang Zheng 2C CZ2C-3 (6).
  • FSW-0 No. 3 - . Payload: FSW-0 No. 03. Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: China. Agency: MAI. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: FSW. Duration: 5.00 days. Decay Date: 1978-02-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 10611 . COSPAR: 1978-011A. Apogee: 507 km (315 mi). Perigee: 186 km (115 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 91.40 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; film capsule; capsule returned January 30. Second fully successful FSW mission..

1978 January 26 - . 17:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2914. LV Configuration: Delta 2914 628/D138.
  • IUE 1 - . Payload: IUE. Mass: 672 kg (1,481 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; ESA. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: IUE. Completed Operations Date: 1996-09-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 10637 . COSPAR: 1978-012A. Apogee: 41,296 km (25,660 mi). Perigee: 30,285 km (18,818 mi). Inclination: 34.3000 deg. Period: 1,436.30 min. International Ultraviolet Explorer. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Atlantic Ocean at 30 deg W in-60 deg W in 1978-1996 As of 3 September 2001 located at 35.66 deg E drifting at 0.773 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 8 located at 14.14W drifting at 0.700W degrees per day.

1979 January 26 - . 11:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.13UE. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1980 January 26 - .
  • Voyager 1's Discovery of Saturn Moon Epimetheus - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Voyager.

1981 January 26 - . 07:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB AAF-4B-36.
  • Substorm Auroral mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 584 km (362 mi).

1982 January 26 - . 12:50 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 634. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • DASO-10 demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 January 26 - . 02:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 3910. LV Configuration: Delta 3910 650/D166.
  • IRAS - . Payload: IRAS / PIX 2 #. Mass: 1,073 kg (2,365 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: JPL; NIVR. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: IRAS. USAF Sat Cat: 13777 . COSPAR: 1983-004A. Apogee: 903 km (561 mi). Perigee: 885 km (549 mi). Inclination: 99.0000 deg. Period: 102.90 min. Summary: All-sky survey of astronomical IR bodies. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .
  • PIX 2 - . Payload: PIX II. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Spacecraft: IRAS. USAF Sat Cat: 13778 . COSPAR: 1983-004B. Apogee: 887 km (551 mi). Perigee: 856 km (532 mi). Inclination: 100.0285 deg. Period: 102.30 min.

1983 January 26 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima T. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: TT-500A. LV Configuration: TT-500A TT-500A-12F.
  • Microgravity mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1984 January 26 - . 08:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U2.
  • Cosmos 1533 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1984-02-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 14666 . COSPAR: 1984-006A. Apogee: 354 km (219 mi). Perigee: 222 km (137 mi). Inclination: 70.4000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1984 January 26 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53793-469.
  • Cosmos 1534 - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1990-09-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 14668 . COSPAR: 1984-007A. Apogee: 334 km (207 mi). Perigee: 305 km (189 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 90.90 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1984 January 26 - . 15:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Super Chief. Launch Vehicle: Talos Sergeant Hydac.
  • HAVE SLED II Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF BMO. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 January 26 - . 14:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1986 January 26 - .
  • Voyager 2 spacecraft reports secrets of Uranus - . Nation: USA.

1987 January 26 - . 19:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1988 January 26 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1915 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1988-02-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 18809 . COSPAR: 1988-004A. Apogee: 372 km (231 mi). Perigee: 190 km (110 mi). Inclination: 73.0000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Summary: Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1989 January 26 - . 09:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2. LV Configuration: Proton-K/DM-2 351-02.
  • Gorizont 17 - . Payload: Gorizont s/n 29L. Mass: 2,120 kg (4,670 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Gorizont . Completed Operations Date: 1997-02-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 19765 . COSPAR: 1989-004A. Apogee: 36,224 km (22,508 mi). Perigee: 36,034 km (22,390 mi). Inclination: 8.4000 deg. Period: 1,453.60 min. Stationed at 53 deg E. Provision of telephone and telegraph radiocommunications and television broadcasting. The Rimsat network was initiated when Gorizont 17 was leased to the corporation and transferred from 53 degrees E (where it was then a backup to Gorizont 27) to 134 degrees E during late-June and July, 1993. At the close of 1994, Gorizont 17 was still on station but nearing the end of its operational life after six years. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 53 deg E in 1989-1993; 134 deg E in 1993-1995; 34 deg E in 1995-1997 As of 30 August 2001 located at 22.84 deg W drifting at 4.340 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 147.41W drifting at 4.350W degrees per day.

1989 January 26 - . 15:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 65079-812.
  • Cosmos 1992 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 19769 . COSPAR: 1989-005A. Apogee: 798 km (495 mi). Perigee: 764 km (474 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 100.50 min.

1990 January 26 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC37. Launch Vehicle: HEDI.
  • KITE-1 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1990 January 26 - . 12:09 GMT - .
  • EVA Mir EO-5-3 - . Crew: Viktorenko; Serebrov. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.13 days. Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Viktorenko; Serebrov. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Flight: Mir EO-5. Spacecraft: Mir. Summary: Tested spacesuit. Examined exterior of Kvant 2..

1991 January 26 - . 00:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Dhahran - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 26 - . 06:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.057UG.
  • JHU FOT 10 (Io) Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1991 January 26 - . 09:00 GMT - .
  • EVA Mir EO-8-3 - . Crew: Afanasyev; Manarov. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.26 days. Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Afanasyev; Manarov. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Flight: Mir EO-8. Spacecraft: Mir. Summary: Installed solar array supports..

1991 January 26 - . 19:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Riyadh - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1993 January 26 - . 15:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78M-2BL.
  • Cosmos 2232 - . Payload: Oko #72. Mass: 1,900 kg (4,100 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Military. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 22321 . COSPAR: 1993-006A. Apogee: 35,870 km (22,280 mi). Perigee: 4,502 km (2,797 mi). Inclination: 67.6000 deg. Period: 718.10 min. Summary: Covered Oko constellation plane 4 - 34 degree longitude of ascending node..

1994 January 26 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P. LV Configuration: MT-135P-R878.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1995 January 26 - .
  • Mir News 242: Mir - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Mir EO-17; Mir LD-4. The Mir-crew is still struggling along to keep the complex habitable and operational. Recently they had to cope with technical problems with the heating, drinking-water, pressure control and with a leakage of water in the Kristall-module. With the help of advice from experts on earth they solved the problems. On 23.01.1995 during the pass in orbit 51032, 0719- UTC, TsUP gave Viktorenko attitude control data to adjust the attitude of the complex in such a way that the solar panels of the Kristall module could deliver a maximum of energy. Dr. Polyakov continued his medical checks and experiments. On request by experts on earth the crew filmed and observed the areas of Kobe in Japan and Grozny. On 21.01.1995 they transmitted these images to earth. It was not always possible to do this due to clouds and bad weather in the areas of interest. Also on 21.01.1995 Dr. Polyakov gave a lecture for Russian children, members of an organisation for young people interested in spaceflight. During a long TV-session via Altair Polyakov explained how the systems in the base block worked. Extensively he explained all about the production and delivery of oxygen for the complex and the purification of the air on board. He emphasised the necessity of the permanent survey of the life systems and a regular maintenance.

    Rendezvous Discovery (STS-63) with Mir: On 2.02.1995 at 0549 UTC STS-63 will be launched for a flight in which the most important operation will be a rendezvous with the Mir-complex. Somewhat earlier, on 4.02.1995 at 1221- UTC Mir and Discovery will be able to establish radio contact. From Discovery cosmonaut Titov and the female astronauts Collins and Voss will speak with the crew of Mir. On 5.02.1995 at 1828 UTC the rendezvous operation will begin and STS-63 will approach Mir in a distance of 10 meters.

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202.


1995 January 26 - .
  • Death of William M Holaday - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Holaday. Summary: American manager, special assistant to the secretary of defense for guided missiles 1957-1958, then DOD director of guided missiles in 1958 and chairman of the civilian-military liaison committee, 1958-1960..

1996 January 26 - .
  • Death of Mikhail Fedorovich Reshetnev - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Reshetnev. Summary: Russian engineer. Chief Designer and General Designer 1961-1996 of OKB-10, primary Soviet designer of communications and navigation satellites..

1997 January 26 - .
  • Death of Karl Ludwig Heimburg - . Nation: Germany; USA. Related Persons: Heimberg. Summary: German-American engineer. Worked in Japan 1937-1941, then at Peenemuende. Worked on test stands for Wasserfall and A4b. Helped with Backfire. Then joined von Braun team, becoming Director, Test Division, in Huntsville..

1998 January 26 - . 12:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR K-NO2-230.
  • SSC MERMAID Microgravity / education mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: SSC; DLR. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

2000 January 26 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

2001 January 26 - . 03:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Vehicle: Aries. LV Configuration: Aries NTW Aegis Target.
  • TTV-2 (FTR-1A) Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2001 January 26 - . 04:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands POA. Launch Platform: CG-70. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: Standard SM-3. LV Configuration: SM-3 Aegis FTR-1A.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2002 January 26 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Vehicle: Aries. LV Configuration: Aries NTW Aegis Target.
  • SMD FM-2 TTV-3 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2002 January 26 - . 02:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands POA. Launch Platform: CG-70. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: Standard SM-3. LV Configuration: SM-3 Aegis FM-2.
  • SDACS Intercept - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2003 January 26 - .
2005 January 26 - . 07:43 GMT - .
  • EVA ISS EO-10-1 - . Crew: Chiao; Sharipov. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.23 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chiao; Sharipov. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-10. The EO-10 crew, wearing Orlan spacesuits, first installed a work platform on the exterior of the Zvezda Service Module. Station systems were put on autopilot for the duration of the spacewalk. Atop the platform the astronauts mounted a German experiment, a small remote-controlled manipulator arm, meant to test the operation of lightweight robotic joints in space. They also moved a Japanese micrometeoroid experiment and inspected the station's environmental control system vents for blockages. They completed their work by placing Russian biological experiments on the station exterior.

2007 January 26 - .
2008 January 26 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 01/26/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Love; Malenchenko; Tani; Whitson; Williams, Dave. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-1; STS-122. Saturday -- off-duty day for CDR Whitson, FE-1 Malenchenko and FE-2 Tani except for housekeeping and voluntary work.

    FE-1 Malenchenko finished Part 2 of his first stress test plus saliva and blood sampling of the ESA/Russian biomed experiment 'IMMUNO' (Neuroendocrine & Immune Responses in Humans During & After Long Term Stay at ISS), today completing remaining urine sample collections. Specimens were then stowed in a special urine containment bag (blood samples were secured yesterday in the MELFI {Minus Eighty Degree Celsius Laboratory Freezer for ISS} in cold packs). (IMMUNO is a 24-hr. test of human immune system changes, with the objective to investigate immune neuro-endocrine reactions in the space environment by studying samples of saliva, blood and urine using collection kits and the biomedical (MBI) protection kit. Also included are entries in a fluid/medications intact log, and a stress-test questionnaire to be filled out by the subject at begin and end of the first day.) Additional Details: ISS On-Orbit Status 01/26/08.


2008 January 26 - .
  • Death of Klaus Eduard Scheufelen - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Scheufelen. Summary: German engineer, V-2 test leader. At end of war headed development of Taifun unguided antiaircraft rocket, characterised as a 'desperation project'. As of January 1947, working at Fort Bliss, Texas. Living in Lenningen, Germany in 2004..

2009 January 26 - . 00:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • S-310-39 - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: JAXA. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi). Summary: Launch in the Japanese Delta-2 project. It investigated the upper atmospheric dynamics and energetics in the polar lower thermosphere by releasing trimethyl aluminum (TMA) along the trajectory and then observing the gas from three different locations..

Home - Browse - Contact
© / Conditions for Use