Encyclopedia Astronautica
July 03


July 03 Chronology


1908 July 3 - .
  • Birth of August Schomburg - . Nation: USA. Summary: American US Army US Army Officer. August Schomburg was a career Army officer who rose to the rank of lieutenant general. From 1960 to 1962 he was commander of the Army missile ordnance command at Redstone Arsenal..

1909 July 3 - .
  • Birth of Hans Walter Milde - . Nation: Germany; USA. Summary: German-American expert in guided missiles during World War II. As of January 1947, working at Aberdeen Proving Grounds, Maryland. Died at Grant, Alabama..

1913 July 3 - .
  • Birth of Albert Puellenberg - . Nation: Germany. Summary: German engineer. Led the Hannover Group of German rocket experimenters 1931-1935, and renewed German citizen rocketry 1952-1964..

1931 July 3 - .
1935 July 3 - .
1942 July 3 - . Launch Vehicle: JATO.
  • Use of rockets for short landing tested. - . Nation: USA. Summary: First airborne test firing of a retrocrocket at Goldstone Lake, Calif., from a PBY-5A piloted by Lt. Comdr. J. H. Hean (USN)..

1943 July 3 - .
  • Birth of Dr Norman Earl 'Norm' Thagard - . Nation: USA. Summary: American physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-7, STS-51-B, STS-30, STS-42, Mir EO-18. First American to fly aboard a Russian spacecraft..

1944 July 3 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende P10. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 18010.
1946 July 3 - . LV Family: R-1. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
  • Plant 456 at Khimki (later OKB-456, NPO Energomash) formed. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Ministry of Aviation Industry (MAP) Decree 424 'On redirecting Plant No. 456 at Khimki for the production of rocket engines' was issued..

1951 July 3 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LA. Launch Vehicle: Lark. LV Configuration: Lark 240.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 8.00 km (4.90 mi).

1957 July 3 - . 09:28 GMT - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Deacon. LV Configuration: Nike Deacon NN7.38F.
  • NRL NN7.38F Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1958 July 3 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar VLAD. Launch Vehicle: Burya. LV Configuration: Burya 3/1.
  • Burya flight 6 - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi). Summary: Launched after prior 11 June flight attempt. The booster stage was replaced. Controlled flight program ended at T+56 seconds due to damaged circuits connected to the autopilot..

1958 July 3 - . 18:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee. LV Configuration: Aerobee AU3.07F.
  • Charge density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 262 km (162 mi).

1959 July 3 - . Launch Vehicle: RT-1.
  • Development of solid propellant ICBM begun. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: State Committee for Defence Technology (GKOT) Decree 'On attaching of TsNII-58 for solid-propellant work to OKB-1' was issued..

1959 July 3 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan 1 B-3. FAILURE: Exploded during static testing. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Titan 1 B-3 - . Nation: USA.

1961 July 3 - .
  • Khrunichev plant named. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Decree 'On naming OKB-23 plant after M. V. Khrunichev' was issued..

1963 July 3 - .
  • Cosmonaut controversies - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Tereshkova; Nelyubov; Anikeyev; Filatyev. Flight: Vostok 6; Vostok 5. A fight ensues over the release of the motion picture film of the flight. The Kremlin leadership still does not want to show the 'secret' launch cadres, rocket and spacecraft configurations, etc. There is also conflict with the planned dismissal of cosmonauts Nelyubov, Anikeyev, and Filatyev, with the flown cosmonauts using their connections with the political hierarchy to try and overturn the decisions of their military commanders. Finally, Tereshkova started a campaign to get a posthumous Hero of the Soviet Union medal for cosmonaut parachute trainer Nikitin. This particularly irritated the military command since as far as they were concerned Nikitin died due to his own error and killed another parachutist in the process. In no way was this deserving of a medal, but the award would convey significant financial benefits to his family and Tereshkova fought on. This was indicative of the quick turnaround celebrity brought to the cosmonauts - from obedient junior officers, anxious not to lose a chance for a spaceflight, to aggressive campaigners, willing to take on even members of the General Staff for what they thought was right.

1963 July 3 - .
  • STL go-ahead to develop a parallel descent engine for the Apollo LEM - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM; LM Ascent Propulsion; LM Descent Propulsion. Space Technology Laboratories received Grumman's go-ahead to develop the parallel descent engine for the LEM. At the same time, Grumman ordered Bell Aerosystems Company to proceed with the LEM ascent engine. The contracts were estimated at $18,742,820 and $11,205,415, respectively.

1963 July 3 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3X-26.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1963 July 3 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 006.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1963 July 3 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Nike Zeus. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus. LV Configuration: Nike Zeus-3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1963 July 3 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Nike Zeus. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus. LV Configuration: Nike Zeus-3.
  • K-23 Atlas Intercept - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1963 July 3 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 AB3.247.
  • Structure Test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 199 km (123 mi).

1963 July 3 - . 21:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576C. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E. LV Configuration: Atlas E 69E.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,600 km (900 mi).

1964 July 3 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2.
  • Gemini spacecraft 2 began the second phase of Spacecraft Systems Tests. - . Nation: USA. Following the successful mating of its modules, Gemini spacecraft No. 2 began the second phase of Spacecraft Systems Tests (SST) at McDonnell. SST continued through September. During August and September, test operations alternated with the receipt and installation of a number of flight items in the spacecraft. Additional Details: Gemini spacecraft 2 began the second phase of Spacecraft Systems Tests..

1966 July 3 - . 19:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde 1A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1967 July 3 - .
  • Small air bottle proposed to prevent CO2 buildup in the Apollo Block II spacesuits in emergencies - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: A7L. To prevent flight crew incapacitation from possible carbon dioxide buildup in their Block II spacesuits after emergency exit from a spacecraft, development of a small air bottle was proposed. Bottles, to be attached to the suit to provide proper atmosphere in an emergency, would be stowed on the spacecraft access arm until needed.

1968 July 3 - .
  • VPK confirms Soyuz flight plans. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Nikolayev; Bykovsky; Titov; Popovich; Kuznetsov, Nikolai Fedorovich; Belyayev; Leonov. Program: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK. The VPK confirms the Soyuz flight plan - a 0+1 mission to be followed by a 1+3 mission with crew transfer. Chiefs of the cosmonaut detachments are confirmed and announced. Nikolayev will be Deputy Chief of TsPK; Bykovsky, Commander of the First Detachment of Cosmonauts; Titov, Commander of the Second Detachment, and Popovich, Deputy Commander of the Second Detachment. Kuznetsov, Belyayev, and Leonov are not happy with these appointments. The General Staff also approves creation of a fourth training detachment at TsPK, charged with flight, engineering, and experiment development - requiring an additional 200 staff.

1968 July 3 - .
  • Final drop test to qualify the Apollo CSM earth landing system - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Block II. NASA and contractor technicians successfully conducted the final parachute drop test to qualify the Apollo CSM earth-landing system. The Block II ELS thus was considered ready for manned flight after 12 Block I, 4 Block II, and 7 increased-capability Block II Qualification Tests - that had followed 77 Block I, 6 Block II, and 25 increased-capability Block II Development Drop Tests.

1968 July 3 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Chemical release mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1968 July 3 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU33. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 July 3 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01V-5 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1969 July 3 - .
  • Grechko has agreed to the selection of 30 new cosmonauts - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Grechko, Andrei; Titov; Borman. Summary: Titov test flew a MiG-21. Borman visit is continuing according to plan..

1969 July 3 - . 03:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1969 July 3 - . 20:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC110R. LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1. LV Configuration: N-1 11A52 5L. FAILURE: First stage failure.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • N1 5L launch - . Payload: Soyuz 7K-L1S s/n 5 / Dummy LK. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: Lunar L3. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Apollo 11. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1A. Decay Date: 1969-07-03 . COSPAR: F690703A. N-1 serial number 5L began to fail at 0.25 second after liftoff when the oxidizer pump of engine number 8 ingested a slag fragment and exploded. A fire ensued as the vehicle climbed past the top of the tower. Engines were shutdown until the acceleration dropped below 1 G; then the vehicle began to fall back to the pad at a 45 degree angle. The escape tower fired at the top of the brief trajectory, taking the L1S dummy descent module away from the pad. Upon impact of the base of the N1 with the pad, the vehicle exploded, destroying launch pad 110 east, which would take over 18 months to repair. This was the end of a slight Soviet hope of upstaging the US Apollo 11. Additional Details: N1 5L launch.

1970 July 3 - .
  • Soyuz 9 crew feted at Kremlin. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Nikolayev; Sevastyanov. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 9. Summary: Nikolayev and Sevastyanov finally attend their post-flight reception at the Kremlin - over 900 people are there to greet them..

1970 July 3 - . 15:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1970 July 3 - . 19:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1. LV Configuration: Skylark 1 S63/2.
  • ESRO S63 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 July 3 - .
  • Soyuz 11 investigative commission. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Dobrovolsky; Patsayev; Volkov. Program: Salyut. Flight: Soyuz 11. The Soyuz 11 crew is buried in the Kremlin Wall in a State Funeral at Red Square. This is followed by the first meeting of the State Commission on the Soyuz 11 disaster. Ten sub-committees were set up to concentrate on various technical aspects of the investigation. The initial finding is that the air valve in the 'Mir' apparatus opened in free space at 170 km altitude. Within 112 seconds the capsule fully depressurised. The valve was designed to let in fresh air after re-entry. It should have been impossible for this valve to open until the external barometric pressure had increased to a set level. The only crew instructions and training in relation to this valve were that it was to be closed by either the crew or the recovery forces in case of a landing in water.

1972 July 3 - . 08:10 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.483GI-II.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1973 July 3 - .
1974 July 3 - . 18:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511.
  • Soyuz 14 - . Call Sign: Berkut (Golden Eagle ). Crew: Artyukhin; Popovich. Backup Crew: Demin; Sarafanov. Support Crew: Rozhdestvensky; Volynov; Zholobov; Zudov. Payload: Soyuz 7K-T(A9) s/n 62. Mass: 6,800 kg (14,900 lb). Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Artyukhin; Popovich; Demin; Sarafanov; Rozhdestvensky; Volynov; Zholobov; Zudov. Agency: MOM. Program: Almaz. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz 14. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-T/A9. Duration: 15.73 days. Decay Date: 1974-07-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 7361 . COSPAR: 1974-051A. Apogee: 217 km (134 mi). Perigee: 195 km (121 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. On 4 July Soyuz 14 docked with the Salyut 3 space station after 15 revolutions of the earth. The planned experimental program included manned military reconnaissance of the earth's surface, assessing the fundamental value of such observations, and some supplemental medico-biological research. After the crew's return research continued in the development of the on-board systems and the principles of remote control of such a station.

1975 July 3 - .
1975 July 3 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 AC SL1295.
  • Ionosphere mission? - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1975 July 3 - . 13:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 748 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1975-07-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 8006 . COSPAR: 1975-061A. Apogee: 303 km (188 mi). Perigee: 190 km (110 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1977 July 3 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1978 July 3 - .
  • Deliver left-hand OMS/RCS pod to WSTF - . Nation: USA. Program: STS.

1979 July 3 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.32CS.
  • Solar Corona Solar x-ray telescope mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1980 July 3 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

1981 July 3 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1982 July 3 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1984 July 3 - . 21:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78M-2BL.
  • Cosmos 1581 - . Payload: Oko #35. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Military. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 15095 . COSPAR: 1984-071A. Apogee: 36,014 km (22,378 mi). Perigee: 4,498 km (2,794 mi). Inclination: 67.8000 deg. Period: 721.00 min. Summary: Replaced Cosmos 1317. Covered Oko constellation plane 8 - 194 degree longitude of ascending node..

1985 July 3 - . 12:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1665 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-07-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 15877 . COSPAR: 1985-057A. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. Summary: Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1986 July 3 - . 13:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1987 July 3 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A FALLING SPHERE.
  • MAC-SINE S-F14 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1988 July 3 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Meteorological Chaff Meteorological mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1990 July 3 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Yantar-4K1 - . Nation: USSR. Agency: UNKS. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. COSPAR: F900703A. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance mission..

1992 July 3 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-560.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi).

1992 July 3 - . 14:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout G. LV Configuration: Scout G-1 S215C.
  • SAMPEX - . Mass: 158 kg (348 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Program: Small Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: SAMPEX. USAF Sat Cat: 22012 . COSPAR: 1992-038A. Apogee: 670 km (410 mi). Perigee: 506 km (314 mi). Inclination: 81.7000 deg. Period: 96.50 min. Summary: First Small Explorer mission; Solar Anomalous and Magnetospheric Particle Explorer. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B)..

1993 July 3 - . 02:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde. LV Configuration: AN/DMQ-9.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1994 July 3 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. Launch Pad: LA2B?. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-2D. LV Configuration: Chang Zheng 2D CZ2D-2 (33).
  • FSW-2 No. 2 - . Payload: FSW-2 No. 02. Mass: 2,600 kg (5,700 lb). Nation: China. Agency: CASC. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: FSW. Duration: 15.00 days. Decay Date: 1994-09-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 23145 . COSPAR: 1994-037A. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi). Perigee: 207 km (128 mi). Inclination: 62.9000 deg. Period: 90.08 min. The second Fanhui Shi Weixing FSW-2 was launched on 3 July 1994 into an orbit of 173 km by 343 km at an inclination of 63.0 deg. The spacecraft remained in orbit for 15 days, making four small manoeuvres before successfully returning to Earth. The payload included Earth observation systems, a biological experiment, and microgravity research instruments. The retrievable capsule was recovered in China on July 18

1996 July 3 - .
1996 July 3 - . 00:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 405A. LV Configuration: Titan 405A K-2 (45H-1).
  • USA 125 - . Payload: SDS B-4. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: SDS-2. USAF Sat Cat: 23945 . COSPAR: 1996-038A. Apogee: 319 km (198 mi). Perigee: 292 km (181 mi). Inclination: 54.9000 deg. Period: 90.63 min. Summary: Unknown orbit.

1996 July 3 - . 10:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC1. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-3. LV Configuration: Chang Zheng 3 CZ3-10 (41).
  • Apstar 1A - . Mass: 2,800 kg (6,100 lb). Nation: China. Agency: APT. Program: Apstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 376. USAF Sat Cat: 23943 . COSPAR: 1996-039A. Apogee: 35,791 km (22,239 mi). Perigee: 35,785 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: 24 C-band transponders; Operated in geosynchronous orbit at 134 deg E in 1996-1999. As of 6 September 2001 located at 134.02 deg E drifting at 0.013 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 129.99E drifting at 0.007E degrees per day..

1997 July 3 - .
1997 July 3 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 42 km (26 mi).

1998 July 3 - . 18:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M-V. LV Family: M-V. Launch Vehicle: M-V. LV Configuration: M-V M-V-3.
  • Nozomi - . Mass: 258 kg (568 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Manufacturer: NEC. Class: Mars. Type: Mars probe. Spacecraft: Nozomi. USAF Sat Cat: 25383 . COSPAR: 1998-041A. Apogee: 489,381 km (304,086 mi). Perigee: 703 km (436 mi). Inclination: 27.3000 deg. Period: 20,910.00 min. Originally known as Planet-B; renamed Nozomi ('Hope') after launch. The third stage and payload entered a 146 x 417 km x 31.1 deg parking orbit. The KM-V1 kick (fourth) stage then fired to place the spacecraft into a circumlunar 359 x 401491 km x 28.6 deg orbit. Nozomi made multiple lunar and Earth gravity assist passes to increase its energy for solar orbit insertion and the cruise to Mars.. The spacecraft used a lunar swingby on 24 September and another on 18 December 1998 to increase the apogee of its orbit. It swung by Earth on 20 December at a perigee of about 1000 km. The gravitational assist from the swingby coupled with a 7 minute burn of the bipropellant engine put Nozomi into an escape trajectory towards Mars. It was scheduled to arrive at Mars on 11 October 1999 at 7:45:14 GMT, but the Earth swingby left the spacecraft with insufficient acceleration and two course correction burns on 21 December used more propellant than planned, leaving the spacecraft short of fuel. The new plan is for Nozomi to remain in heliocentric orbit for an additional four years and encounter Mars at a slower relative velocity in December 2003.

2002 July 3 - . 06:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. Launch Pad: SLC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7425-9.5. LV Configuration: Delta 7425-9.5 D292 / Star 30.
  • Contour - . Payload: Discovery 6. Mass: 1,005 kg (2,215 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; Cornell. Manufacturer: APL. Program: Discovery. Class: Comet. Type: Comet probe. Spacecraft: Contour. USAF Sat Cat: 27457 . COSPAR: 2002-034A. Apogee: 108,614 km (67,489 mi). Perigee: 212 km (131 mi). Inclination: 30.6000 deg. Period: 2,486.10 min. Launch delayed from July 1st. The latest NASA Discovery mission was successfully launched on Jul 3. The CONTOUR (Comet Nucleus Tour) probe, built and operated by the Johns Hopkins University's Applied Physics Laboratory (APL), began its five year mission to explore three comets, using repeated encounters with the earth to modify its orbit in order to reach each target. The first burn of the second stage completed at 0659 UTC putting the spacecraft in a 185 x 197 km x 29.7 deg parking orbit. At 0746 UTC the second stage restarted for a short 4s burn to 185 x 309 km x 29.7 deg, and then separated once the PAM-D (ATK Star 48B) solid third stage was spun up. The 1.5 minute burn of the third stage motor at 0748 UTC put it and CONTOUR in a 90 x 106689 km x 30.5 deg phasing orbit. By July 8 CONTOUR's orbit was 214 x 106686 km x 29.8 deg. CONTOUR stayed in this phasing orbit until August 15, when it was injected into solar orbit using its internal ATK Star 30 solid motor. Flyby of the first target, comet 2P/Encke, was scheduled for Nov 2003.

2002 July 3 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Lynx. LV Configuration: Terrier Lynx NASA 42.03DP.
  • PACBLITZ 02 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2003 July 3 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Vehicle: Tier One.
  • White Knight Flight 25 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Binnie; Siebold. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: SpaceShipOne. Flight Time: 2.2 hours Pilot: Binnie Copilot: Siebold. Objectives: First glide flight profile rehearsal / two ship checklist flow / airspace coordination / Command and Control responsibilities and handoffs. Results: Good exercise of all involved parties and agencies including the Edwards air Force Base, Joshua Control and Scaled Composites, Utility Mobile ground station.

2004 July 3 - .
  • Death of Andrian Grigoryevich Nikolayev at Cheboksary, Chuvash. Heart attack, while judging the All-Russian rural sport games at Cheboksary, Chuvash Autonomous Rep - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Nikolayev. Summary: Chuvash-Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Vostok 3, Soyuz 9. First person to fly more than one day in space. Married Valentina Tereshkova, and fathered first child born to parents that had both flown in space..

2005 July 3 - .
  • Deep Impact, Impactor Release, Successful - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Deep Impact.

2008 July 3 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 07/03/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kononenko, O D; Love; Volkov, Sergey. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-17. Crew Sleep Cycle: Wake/sleep cycle remains right-shifted (5:30am - 9:00pm EDT).

    Continuing preparations for the two upcoming Orlan EVAs, CDR Volkov & FE-2 Chamitoff began their day with a 3-hr. training session in Soyuz TMA-12 to familiarize Gregory with spacecraft ops during his isolation in the Descent Module (SA) during the EVAs. (With Sergey supervising, Gregory's hands-on training focused on equipment familiarization, working with Soyuz communications facilities, monitoring & interfacing with the Soyuz Neptun-ME console displays & controls, reviewing his tasks during his stay in the SA, assisting the CDR & FE-1 with leak checking, pressure equalization between Orbital Module (BO) and SA, BO/SA hatch opening, Orlan suit doffing if required, etc.) Additional Details: ISS On-Orbit Status 07/03/08.


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