Encyclopedia Astronautica
July 09


July 09 Chronology


1941 July 9 - .
  • Go-ahead for the BI-1 high speed rocket plane. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Isayev. Spacecraft: BI-1. Summary: Stalin gives the go-ahead for production of the Bereznyak-Isayev BI-1 high speed rocket plane..

1943 July 9 - .
  • Birth of John Howard Casper - . Nation: USA. Summary: American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-36, STS-54, STS-62, STS-77..

1943 July 9 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende P7. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 V-041. FAILURE: Exploded and fell on pump building..
1946 July 9 - . 19:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 7.
  • Chemical release / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; GE. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi). Summary: Launched 12:30 local time. Reached 134.7 km. Carried cosmic radiation, ionosphere (Naval Research Lab) experiments for General Electric..

1951 July 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • D27 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1952 July 9 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LA. Launch Pad: LA?. LV Family: Matador. Launch Vehicle: Matador. LV Configuration: Matador GM-565.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1953 July 9 - .
1953 July 9 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LA. Launch Pad: LA?. LV Family: Matador. Launch Vehicle: Matador. LV Configuration: Matador GM-11057.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1954 July 9 - .
  • Yangel named Chief Designer. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Yangel. Summary: Decree 'On appointment of M. K. Yangel as Chief Designer of OKB-586' was issued..

1954 July 9 - .
  • Memorandum of understanding initiates the X-15 project. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: X-15A. After 2 years' study of problems that might be encountered in manned space flight, a joint group - NACA, Air Force, and Navy - met in Washington to discuss the need for a hypersonic research vehicle and to decide on the type of aircraft that could attain these objectives. The NACA proposal was accepted in December 1954, and a formal memorandum of understanding was signed to initiate the X-15 project. Technical direction of the project was assigned to the NACA. On November 9, 1961, the X-15 reached its design speed of over 4,000 miles per hour and achieved partial space conditions on July 17, 1962, when it reached an altitude of 314,750 feet. By the latter date, the Mercury spacecraft had made two manned orbital flights.

1954 July 9 - . LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15A.
  • X-15 project begun. - . Nation: USA. Program: X-15. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: X-15A. NACA met with USAF and Navy BuAer representatives to propose the X-15 as an extension of the cooperative rocket research aircraft program. The NACA proposal was accepted as a joint effort and a memorandum of understanding was signed on December 23 naming NACA as technical director of the project, with advice from a joint Research Airplane Committee.

1955 July 9 - .
1955 July 9 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5M.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1958 July 9 - .
  • General Electric studies related to manned space flight. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Mercury. General Electric Company personnel presented a briefing at NACA headquarters on studies related to manned space flight. The company held contracts let by the Wright Air Development Center for study and mock-up of a manned spacecraft. NACA made no official comment.

1959 July 9 - .
  • Ion rocket tested. - . Nation: USA. Summary: NASA Lewis Research Center operated a research model of an ion rocket in a newly completed electric-rocket test facility designed for basic investigations into the problems associated with a reliable ion rocket with a minimum life of 1 year..

1960 July 9 - .
  • NASA selects companies for competitive design studies of Surveyor - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Surveyor. After reviewing proposals by 37 companies, NASA awarded contracts to the Hughes Aircraft Company, McDonnell Aircraft Corporation, North American Aviation, Inc., and Space Technology Laboratories, Inc., for preliminary competitive design studies of an instrumented soft-landing lunar spacecraft, the Surveyor. The companies were scheduled to submit their reports in December.

1960 July 9 - .
1960 July 9 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.04GA.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1962 July 9 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. Launch Vehicle: Journeyman.
  • Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AEC. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1962 July 9 - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin J1.
  • Thermal electrons Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1962 July 9 - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin J2.
  • Thermal electrons Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1962 July 9 - . 08:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LE1. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor DSV-2E. LV Configuration: Thor DSV-2E 195.
  • STARFISH PRIME Nuclear test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi). Successful high-altitude test of a Thor IRBM with a live nuclear warhead. The payload included test instrumentation and a W-49 warhead/Mk-4 re-entry vehicle. The 1.45 megaton bomb exploded at an altitude of 400 km. The explosion was visible 2,600 km away, at Kwajalein Atoll; an artificial aurora lasted seven minutes. The unforeseen and most militarily significant effect was the electromagnetic pulse (EMP) generated by the test. This caused power mains surges in Oahu, knocking out street lights, blowing fuses and circuit breakers, and triggering burglar alarms (and this in the days before microelectronics). The explosion supercharged the Van Allen radiation belts, resulting in several satellites malfunctioning.

1962 July 9 - . 08:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike. LV Configuration: HJ Nike X-3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1962 July 9 - . 09:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike. LV Configuration: HJ Nike X-4.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1963 July 9 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1963 July 9 - . 20:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-37-59.
  • X-15A Opt Deg/TravP/RAS Technology/test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5842 kph. Maximum Altitude - 69010 m..

1964 July 9 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. LV Family: DF-2. Launch Vehicle: DF-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1964 July 9 - . 04:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.154UE.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1964 July 9 - . 08:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Vehicle: HAD. LV Configuration: HAD 141.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1964 July 9 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF07. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1B 973.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 July 9 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU33. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 July 9 - .
  • Reservations on a synchronous-orbit mission for AAP. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Faget; Low, George. Spacecraft: Apollo X. George M. Low expressed his reservations about the validity of planning a synchronous-orbit mission for AAP. In a note to Maxime A. Faget, Low commented on the recent interest in such a mission and voiced his own doubt concerning either the need for or the desirability of such a flight. Low stated that such things as synoptic views of terrain or weather phenomena could be done just as well from low Earth orbit using mosaic techniques. Moreover, low orbits afforded simpler operations, much greater payload capabilities, and minimal radiation hazards. Low asked Faget to have his organization prepare an analysis of low Earth-orbit versus synchronous- orbit operations in preparation for upcoming AAP planning discussions in Washington at the end of the month.

1966 July 9 - .
  • Struggle for space leadership - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Vershinin; Rudenko; Malinovskiy; Smirnov; Ustinov. Program: Soyuz; Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3; Voskhod 4; Voskhod 5; Voskhod 6; Soyuz 1; Soyuz 2A; Soyuz s/n 3/4. Spacecraft: Voskhod. In the previous days Kamanin has been preparing Vershinin and Rudenko for the struggle to ensure the Ministry of Defence's interests in space are preserved and defended. Malinovskiy, Smirnov, and Ustinov must be convinced of the righteousness of the VVS position on space crew preparation and training. At the beginning of 1966, Kamanin thought 1966 would be the year Russia would leap ahead again in the space race. At that time four manned Voskhod and four manned Soyuz flights were expected. Now the year is half over, and it is clear that the only remaining Voskhod flight will not go ahead, and it will be luck if even two Soyuz missions are flown. Instead of a year of triumph, 1966 will see the USA pulling far ahead in the space race. This is the fault of the incredibly poor management of the Soviet space program by Ustinov, Smirnov, Keldysh, and Malinovskiy -- but even more fundamentally due to the inept management of OKB-1 and TsUKOS. The Voskhod program was delayed, then destroyed by OKB-1's insistence on inclusion of their poorly thought-out and developed experiment in artificial gravity. VVS was always opposed to this experiment, yet OKB-1 dragged the program out for years trying to perfect it. Flights of the Soyuz spacecraft could already have occurred in 1962-1963, had Korolev not ignored VVS recommendations and insisted on perfecting a fully automatic rendezvous and docking system. Development of this system delayed the Soyuz project a minimum of three years.

1966 July 9 - .
  • M2 Flight 2 - . Crew: Thompson. Payload: M2-F2 flight 2. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Thompson. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: M2-F2. Summary: Maximum Speed - 634 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13720 m. Flight Time - 245sec..

1966 July 9 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC32B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2. LV Configuration: Minuteman 2 463.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1968 July 9 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: M9161. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1969 July 9 - . 11:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25C. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon. LV Configuration: Poseidon C3XD-11.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1969 July 9 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1970 July 9 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF24. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • OT GT66F operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1970 July 9 - . 13:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 353 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1970-07-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 4455 . COSPAR: 1970-053A. Apogee: 304 km (188 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 65.4000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule..

1970 July 9 - . 17:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1971 July 9 - . 19:43 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170B. LV Configuration: Aerobee 170B NASA 12.22GT.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 191 km (118 mi).

1972 July 9 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1973 July 9 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC173. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 July 9 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • FOT GT120M Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1974 July 9 - . 14:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Meteor 1-18 - . Payload: Meteor-Priroda no. 1. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor-Priroda. USAF Sat Cat: 7363 . COSPAR: 1974-052A. Apogee: 909 km (564 mi). Perigee: 883 km (548 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 102.90 min. Summary: Conducted experimental work in studying the natural resources of the earth. Also tested plasma engine.

1975 July 9 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1976 July 9 - . 21:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1977 July 9 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

1979 July 9 - .
  • Voyager 2, Jupiter Flyby - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Voyager.

1980 July 9 - . 00:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 65072-409.
  • Cosmos 1192 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 193. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11875 . COSPAR: 1980-058A. Apogee: 1,473 km (915 mi). Perigee: 1,397 km (868 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min. Summary: Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1199 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 200. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11882 . COSPAR: 1980-058H. Apogee: 1,531 km (951 mi). Perigee: 1,473 km (915 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.00 min.
  • Cosmos 1198 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 199. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11881 . COSPAR: 1980-058G. Apogee: 1,509 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,474 km (915 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.80 min.
  • Cosmos 1196 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 197. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11879 . COSPAR: 1980-058E. Apogee: 1,475 km (916 mi). Perigee: 1,468 km (912 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.40 min.
  • Cosmos 1195 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 196. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11878 . COSPAR: 1980-058D. Apogee: 1,475 km (916 mi). Perigee: 1,450 km (900 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.20 min.
  • Cosmos 1194 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 195. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11877 . COSPAR: 1980-058C. Apogee: 1,474 km (915 mi). Perigee: 1,432 km (889 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 1193 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 194. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11876 . COSPAR: 1980-058B. Apogee: 1,475 km (916 mi). Perigee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.
  • Cosmos 1197 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 198. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11880 . COSPAR: 1980-058F. Apogee: 1,492 km (927 mi). Perigee: 1,471 km (914 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.60 min.

1980 July 9 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1200 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-07-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 11884 . COSPAR: 1980-059A. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi). Perigee: 195 km (121 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1981 July 9 - . 12:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1982 July 9 - . 14:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1984 July 9 - . 21:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1985 July 9 - . 20:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1986 July 9 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1987 July 9 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1866 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 17.00 days. Decay Date: 1987-08-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 18184 . COSPAR: 1987-059A. Apogee: 769 km (477 mi). Perigee: 223 km (138 mi). Inclination: 67.2000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance. Engine failure prematurely depleted fuel supply. Blown up in orbit on July 26..

1988 July 9 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U2. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
1991 July 9 - . 09:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 2152 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1991-07-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 21558 . COSPAR: 1991-048A. Apogee: 234 km (145 mi). Perigee: 174 km (108 mi). Inclination: 82.4000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Summary: Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1992 July 9 - . 22:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L. LV Configuration: Ariane 44L V51.
  • Insat-2A - . Payload: Insat 2A. Mass: 1,900 kg (4,100 lb). Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Program: Insat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Insat 2. USAF Sat Cat: 22027 . COSPAR: 1992-041A. Apogee: 35,839 km (22,269 mi). Perigee: 35,788 km (22,237 mi). Inclination: 4.1000 deg. Period: 1,437.50 min. Stationed at 74 deg E; also performed communications functions. INSAT-2A is a multi-purpose satellite, and it will provide the following services: Domestic long-distance telecommunications, meteorological earth observation and data collection services, direct satellite TV broadcasting to community TV receivers in rura l and remote areas, radio and TV progamme distribution, and Satellite Aided Search and Rescue services. Geostationary longitude 74 +/0 0.1 deg E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 74 deg E in 1992-1999 As of 3 September 2001 located at 48.18 deg E drifting at 0.010 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 5 located at 25.76W drifting at 0.201W degrees per day.
  • Eutelsat II F4 - . Mass: 1,877 kg (4,138 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: Eutelsat. Program: Eutelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 100. USAF Sat Cat: 22028 . COSPAR: 1992-041B. Apogee: 35,841 km (22,270 mi). Perigee: 35,806 km (22,248 mi). Inclination: 1.2000 deg. Period: 1,438.00 min. Summary: Stationed at 7 deg E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 7 deg E in 1992-1999; 10 deg E in 1999. As of 3 September 2001 located at 25.62 deg E drifting at 0.019 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 120.18E drifting at 4.301W degrees per day..

1992 July 9 - .
1994 July 9 - .
  • Mir News 219: Soyuz-TM18 safely landed in Kazakhstan. - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Mir EO-16; Mir EO-15; Mir LD-4. The relieved cosmonauts Afanasyev and Usachov landed with the Descent Module of the Soyuz-TM18 at 100 KM NE of Arkalyk on 9.07.- 94 at 1033 UTC. Radio traffic of Soyuz-TM18 during the descent -also the ANAN aiming beacon- could be monitored via Altair until 1020 UTC. Immediately after the landing the cosmonauts boarded an aircraft for a non-stop flight to Star City near Moscow.

    Mir: 2 days ago the command of the Mir-complex was handed over by Afanasyev to Malenchenko. From this moment on the call sign of Polyakov changed from Derbent-3 to Agat-3.

    Soyuz-TM19: This ship is still docked to the aft (Kvant-1) docking port of the Mir-complex. Contrary to the normal practice this ship will remain there, so no redocking from the aft to the forward docking port has been planned. One of the reasons may be the future operations with modules like Module- T (Kristall), Spektr and Priroda.

    Progress-M24: Thus far the launch of this freighter is still on schedule for 13.07.94.

    Tracking ships: On 8.07.94 the tracking ship Kosmonavt Pavel Belyayev moored in the port of Antwerp. A few hours later I visited the ship for a long interview with the Chief of the Expedition of KPB. I was able to follow the movements of the ship and to determine her destination by monitoring radio traffic between the ship and the Mir-station. The chief answered a lot of questions regarding the fate and future of the famous fleet of tracking ships. The KPB is now on her way to Sankt Peterburg. A ship to take over her task in the Atlantic did not show up but remained in Sankt Peterburg due to budget problems.

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202.


1994 July 9 - .
1996 July 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Aries. LV Configuration: Aries ABIE-TLV.
  • TBM tracking test target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SM. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). The Airborne Interceptor Experiment) was designed to demonstrate the feasibility of intercepting enemy theater ballistic missiles during early-boost. The Aries Target Launch Vehicle was launched from Wallops Island, flying a boost trajectory similar to a real theater ballistic missile. The missile was detected and tracked by Air Force F-15s, Navy F-14s, an Air Force infrared sensor tracking platform and by fleet surface ships of the US Atlantic Command. The data collected was used to develop an air-launched anti-ballistic missile system.

1996 July 9 - . 22:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L. LV Configuration: Ariane 44L-3 V89.
  • Arabsat 2A - . Mass: 2,100 kg (4,600 lb). Nation: Arab States. Agency: Arabsat. Manufacturer: Cannes. Program: Arabsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 23948 . COSPAR: 1996-040A. Apogee: 35,792 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,781 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. Summary: Geostationary at 26.0E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 26 deg E in 1996-1999 As of 29 August 2001 located at 25.92 deg E drifting at 0.000 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 166.53W drifting at 3.749W degrees per day..
  • Turksat 1C - . Nation: Turkey. Agency: Turk Tel. Manufacturer: Cannes. Program: Turksat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 2000. USAF Sat Cat: 23949 . COSPAR: 1996-040B. Apogee: 35,794 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. 22 Ku band and 12 C band transponders. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 31 deg E in 1996; 42 deg E in 1996-1999 As of 3 September 2001 located at 42.02 deg E drifting at 0.003 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 42.00E drifting at 0.002E degrees per day.

1997 July 9 - . Launch Site: Anhueng. LV Family: KSR. Launch Vehicle: KSR-II. LV Configuration: KSR-II-1.
  • X-ray astronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Korea South. Agency: KARI. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Summary: Measured the vertical distribution of ozone using an ultraviolet radiometer..

1997 July 9 - . 13:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7920-XC. LV Configuration: Delta 7920-10C D244.
  • Iridium 15 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV015. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24869 . COSPAR: 1997-034A. Apogee: 778 km (483 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 6. Ascending node 325.8 degrees..
  • Iridium 17 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV017. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24870 . COSPAR: 1997-034B. Apogee: 778 km (483 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.3900 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 6. Ascending node 325.8 degrees..
  • Iridium 20 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV020. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24871 . COSPAR: 1997-034C. Apogee: 784 km (487 mi). Perigee: 768 km (477 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.37 min. Summary: Plane 6. Ascending node 325.7 degrees. Failed..
  • Iridium 21 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV021. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24873 . COSPAR: 1997-034E. Apogee: 640 km (390 mi). Perigee: 626 km (388 mi). Inclination: 86.3900 deg. Period: 97.38 min. Summary: Plane 6. Ascending node 310.4 degrees. Failed in low orbit..
  • Iridium 18 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV018. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 24872 . COSPAR: 1997-034D. Apogee: 778 km (483 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.3900 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 6. Ascending node 325.8 degrees..

1998 July 9 - .
1998 July 9 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1999 July 9 - .
  • Astronaut Charles Peter (Pete) Conrad Jr dies at age of 69 -- Motorcycle crash. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Conrad. Summary: American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Gemini 5, Gemini 11, Apollo 12, Skylab 2. Third person on the moon. Only astronaut to fly Gemini, Apollo, and Skylab. Member of first successful space station mission..

2001 July 9 - . Launch Site: Fort Wingate. Launch Complex: Fort Wingate LC96. Launch Vehicle: Hera. LV Configuration: Hera 20/MBRV-1E.
  • MBRV-1E/PAC DT/OT-9a Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA SSDC. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

2002 July 9 - .
  • Galileo, Enters Solar Conjunction - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Galileo.

2004 July 9 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-39 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fincke; Padalka. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-9. Summary: Aboard the International Space Station, work focused on science, spacesuit troubleshooting and routine maintenance as the Expedition 9 crew sailed through its 12th week in space.. Additional Details: International Space Station Status Report #04-39.

2006 July 9 - . 05:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. Launch Complex: Balasore IC4. LV Family: Agni. Launch Vehicle: Agni 3. LV Configuration: Agni 3 01. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Missile test - . Nation: India. Agency: IDRDL. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2011 July 9 - . 14:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. Launch Platform: C-17. Launch Vehicle: SR19.
  • SRALT - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Summary: Target mission. Launched at 0204..

Home - Browse - Contact
© / Conditions for Use