Encyclopedia Astronautica
July 10


July 10 Chronology


1900 July 10 - .
  • Birth of Theodore Buchhold - . Nation: Germany; USA. Summary: German professor. Member of the German Rocket Team in the United States after WW2. German expert in guided missiles during WW2. As of January 1947, working at Fort Bliss, Texas. Died at Wiesbaden, Germany..

1917 July 10 - .
  • Birth of Robert W Kamm - . Nation: USA. Summary: American aerodynamicist, at NASA 1939-1946, 1959-1968. Served in NASA California management positions..

1942 July 10 - .
  • Birth of Pyotr Ilyich Klimuk - . Nation: Belarus. Summary: Belarusian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 13, Soyuz 18, Salyut 6 EP-3..

1944 July 10 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende P7. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 V-210.
  • V-2 4210 - . Nation: Germany. Summary: Burnout at T+60seconds. Flight duration 187 seconds..

1947 July 10 - . 19:18 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 29. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; NRL. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi). Summary: Launched 12:18 local time. Reached 16.1 km. Carried cosmic radiation, pressure, temperature, ionosphere, biological (Harvard) experiments for Naval Research Lab..

1950 July 10 - . LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone.
  • Hermes production version studied. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Office, Chief of Ordnance directed that the Ordnance Guided Missile Center conduct a preliminary study of the technical requirements and possibilities of developing a 500-mile tactical missile that would be used principally in providing support for the operations of the Army Field Forces.

1950 July 10 - .
  • Birth of Christopher John Nicholas Holmes - . Nation: UK. Summary: British physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986. Bachelor of Science in physics from the Queen Mary College, London, 1972. Physicist. Selected in 1984 for the British Skynet-Program. British National Space Center, London..

1951 July 10 - . LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone.
  • Hermes work transferred to Redstone arsenal. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Summary: The Office, Chief of Ordnance formally transferred the responsibility for conducting the research and development phase of the HERMES Cl project to Redstone Arsenal.

1953 July 10 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 1157A.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 July 10 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69C 51-17577.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 July 10 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Able. LV Configuration: Thor Able 118.
  • Able RTV re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,600 km (900 mi). Summary: Mouse 'Mia II' reached 1600 km altitude, flew 9600 km range, but re-entry vehicle not recovered..

1958 July 10 - . 07:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: R-7. LV Configuration: R-7-71/III No. 6. FAILURE: Failure.
  • B1-14 (II-5)/Blok E test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1959 July 10 - . 01:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC26B. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter. LV Configuration: Jupiter IRBM AM-15.
  • Research and development test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF; NASA Huntsville. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Fired from AMR at 2001 hours EST to test missile accuracy. All primary and secondary missions were successfully accomplished and impact was well within 1 nm of the pre-selected point, approximately 1,302 nm downrange -- a miss distance of only 0.48 nm short and 0.09 nm to the right.

1959 July 10 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2A. LV Configuration: R-2A No. 10.
  • Solar ultraviolet / biology mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 July 10 - .
  • First Apollo mockup inspection - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gilruth; Grissom. Program: Apollo. Summary: The first Apollo spacecraft mockup inspection was held at NAA's Space and Information Systems Division. In attendance were Robert R. Gilruth, Director, MSC; Charles W. Frick, Apollo Program Manager, MSC; and Astronaut Virgil I. Grissom..

1962 July 10 - . 08:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta. LV Configuration: Thor Delta 316/D11.
  • Telstar 1 - . Mass: 77 kg (169 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: ATT. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Telstar. USAF Sat Cat: 340 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Epsilon-1. Apogee: 5,643 km (3,506 mi). Perigee: 945 km (587 mi). Inclination: 44.8000 deg. Period: 157.80 min. Summary: First commercial comsat; active repeater. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1962 July 10 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.47NP.
  • Radar test Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1963 July 10 - .
  • Prototype engine for the Apollo SM reaction control system - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM RCS. Summary: The Marquardt Corporation began testing the prototype engine for the SM reaction control system. Preliminary data showed a specific impulse slightly less than 300 seconds..

1963 July 10 - .
  • Odintsev pressing criticism of Tereshkova - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Tereshkova. Flight: Vostok 6. Odintsev is still trying to formally criticise Tereshkova for her flight performance. He charges that she was drunk when she reported to the launch pad and while in orbit was insubordinate, disregarding direct orders from the Centre. Kamanin knows this to be absolutely not true. Both cosmonauts and workers at the cosmonaut training centre report that is impossible to work with Odintsev any more - they want him out.

1963 July 10 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92. LV Configuration: Vostok 8A92 E15000-04. FAILURE: Shutdown of Block B strap-on engine stage 1.9 seconds after liftoff. Pad damaged.. Failed Stage: 0.
  • Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 12 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 12. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2. Decay Date: 1963-07-10 . COSPAR: F630710A. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

1963 July 10 - . 02:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.59UI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1963 July 10 - . 17:02 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 AC3.511.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Mon / RPA Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1964 July 10 - . 21:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8K72K.
  • Elektron 3 - . Payload: 2D s/n 3. Mass: 350 kg (770 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Program: Elektron. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Elektron-A. USAF Sat Cat: 829 . COSPAR: 1964-038A. Apogee: 6,302 km (3,915 mi). Perigee: 408 km (253 mi). Inclination: 60.9000 deg. Period: 159.30 min. Summary: Studied inner Van Allen belt. Electron 3 and 4 launched by a single carrier rocket. Simultaneous study of the inner and outer radiation belts of the earth, cosmic rays and the upper atmosphere. .
  • Elektron 4 - . Payload: 2D s/n 4. Mass: 444 kg (978 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Program: Elektron. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Elektron-B. Decay Date: 1983-10-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 830 . COSPAR: 1964-038B. Apogee: 66,269 km (41,177 mi). Perigee: 447 km (277 mi). Inclination: 60.8000 deg. Period: 1,313.80 min. Summary: Studied outer Van Allen belt. Electron 3 and 4 launched by a single carrier rocket. Simultaneous study of the inner and outer radiation belts of the earth, cosmic rays and the upper atmosphere. .

1964 July 10 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena D SLV-2A/D. LV Configuration: Thor SLV-2A Agena D 404 / Agena D 1177.
  • KH-4A 1008 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1008 / Agena D 1117 / OPS 3491. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; CIA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1964-08-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 828 . COSPAR: 1964-037A. Apogee: 346 km (214 mi). Perigee: 173 km (107 mi). Inclination: 84.9000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. Summary: KH-4A. Cameras operated satisfactorily, some light leaks..

1965 July 10 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1966 July 10 - .
  • Komarov announces that USSR will beat US to moon - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Komarov. Program: Lunar L3. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Summary: Komarov announces in Japan that USSR would beat the US to moonlanding by one year..

1967 July 10 - . 09:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1968 July 10 - .
  • L3 recovery controversy. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Zakharov; Ryabikov; Grechko, Andrei; Mishin. Program: Lunar L3. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-LOK. Marshal Zakharov has consulted with Ryabikov at Gosplan on what commitments Grechko has made from Ministry of Defence funds for L3 recovery forces. Gosplan advised him that 800 million roubles and 21,000 staff were committed, but the justification for these amounts were not methodically developed. Mishin is now saying that hundreds, not thousands of cadres will be required, see he can set the return capsule down in within the confines of the cosmodrome.

1968 July 10 - . 19:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 231 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 64. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1968-07-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 3316 . COSPAR: 1968-058A. Apogee: 311 km (193 mi). Perigee: 206 km (128 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

1969 July 10 - . 08:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1969 July 10 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 289 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 5.00 days. Decay Date: 1969-07-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 4034 . COSPAR: 1969-057A. Apogee: 324 km (201 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 65.3000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.

1969 July 10 - . 12:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1. LV Configuration: Centaure 1 C81.
  • CNES C81 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1969 July 10 - . 17:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1. LV Configuration: Centaure 1 C82.
  • CNES C82 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1970 July 10 - .
  • Indian General Lal tours space facilities. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Nikolayev; Sevastyanov; Tereshkova. Summary: The press conference behind them, Nikolayev and Tereshkova leave for Leningrad, and then on to Sochi for recuperation. General Lal from India tours Soviet space facilities. Smirnov proposes cooperation with India in space technology development..

1970 July 10 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 5C. LV Configuration: Skylark-5C SL727.
  • X-ray spectra / Ionos X-ray astronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADD-3A-55.
  • Aeronomy / Solar Eclipse mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 16:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 500 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-03-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 6097 . COSPAR: 1972-053A. Apogee: 548 km (340 mi). Perigee: 505 km (313 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Summary: Possible navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 425..

1972 July 10 - . 18:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Sandhawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Sandhawk. LV Configuration: Terrier Sandhawk Sandia 281-28.
  • Solar eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADD-3A-57.
  • Aeronomy / Solar Eclipse mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 20:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADD-3A-58.
  • Aeronomy / Solar Eclipse mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 20:29 GMT - . Launch Site: East Quoddy. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADD-3A-59.
  • Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 21:32 GMT - . Launch Site: East Quoddy. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADD-3A-60.
  • Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 21:39 GMT - . Launch Site: East Quoddy. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADD-3A-61.
  • Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 21:41 GMT - . Launch Site: East Quoddy. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADD-3A-62.
  • Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 22:01 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170. LV Configuration: Aerobee 170 NASA 13.80DS.
  • NRL NE4.246 Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 22:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 170A NASA 13.28CS.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1974 July 10 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1975 July 10 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170. LV Configuration: Aerobee 170 NASA 13.73GG.
  • 13-in RC Flight 4 Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1976 July 10 - .
  • Death of Floyd L Thompson - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Thompson, Floyd. Summary: American engineer, at NASA 1927-1968, chief of flight research and then headed Langley..

1976 July 10 - . 01:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1977 July 10 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1978 July 10 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1979 July 10 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1113 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKM. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-07-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 11447 . COSPAR: 1979-064A. Apogee: 330 km (200 mi). Perigee: 173 km (107 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1979 July 10 - . 17:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • OT GT40GM operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1979 July 10 - . 17:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT68GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1980 July 10 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1981 July 10 - . 05:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Meteor 1-31 - . Payload: Meteor-Priroda. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor-Priroda. USAF Sat Cat: 12585 . COSPAR: 1981-065A. Apogee: 612 km (380 mi). Perigee: 574 km (356 mi). Inclination: 97.9000 deg. Period: 96.50 min. Also performed earth resources tasks. Acquisition of information required for continued investigation of the natural resources of the earth; development of remote sensing methods for measuring the parameters of the atmosphere and the earth's surface beneath the satellite. Carried scientific i nstruments developed in the People's Republic of Bulgaria, as well as Soviet equipment. Objects 1595 and 1596 launched by a single rocket.
  • Iskra - . Payload: RK-01. Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Materials. Type: Materials science satellite. Spacecraft: Iskra. Decay Date: 1990-04-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 12586 . COSPAR: 1981-065D. Apogee: 645 km (400 mi). Perigee: 618 km (384 mi). Inclination: 97.7000 deg. Period: 97.34 min. Summary: Conduct of scientific experiments to study diffusion and heat processes in weightlessness..

1982 July 10 - . 09:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Progress 14 - . Payload: Progress s/n 117. Mass: 7,020 kg (15,470 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 7. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Salyut 7 EO-1. Spacecraft: Progress. Duration: 33.65 days. Completed Operations Date: 1982-08-13 11:29:16 . Decay Date: 1982-08-13 11:29:16 . USAF Sat Cat: 13361 . COSPAR: 1982-070A. Apogee: 325 km (201 mi). Perigee: 301 km (187 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 90.70 min. Summary: Unmanned supply vessel to Salyut 7. Docked with Salyut 7 on 12 Jul 1982 11:41:00 GMT. Undocked on 10 Aug 1982 22:11:00 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 13 Aug 1982 01:29:00 GMT. Total free-flight time 4.21 days. Total docked time 29.44 days..

1985 July 10 - . 03:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1667 - . Payload: Bion no. 7. Mass: 5,700 kg (12,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Biology. Type: Biology satellite. Spacecraft: Bion. Duration: 6.90 days. Decay Date: 1985-07-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 15891 . COSPAR: 1985-059A. Apogee: 262 km (162 mi). Perigee: 206 km (128 mi). Inclination: 82.4000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. Biological research. Carried monkeys Verniy and Gordiy. Continued investigations of the influence of space flight factors on living organisms and radiation physics research. Cosmos 1667 was the second USSR biosatellite mission with a primate payload. Cosmos 1667 also featured a large rodent payload, however the U.S. only conducted a single experiment cardiovascular experiment on one of the two flight monkeys. Mission parameters were very similar to those of Cosmos 1514. Countries participating in the mission included the USSR, U.S., France, Czechoslovakia, the German Democratic Republic, Poland, Romania, Bulgaria and Hungary. Additional Details: Cosmos 1667.

1986 July 10 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1762 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-14F40. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-07-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 16855 . COSPAR: 1986-051A. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi). Perigee: 177 km (109 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. Summary: Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation. .

1987 July 10 - . 12:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A FALLING SPHERE.
  • MAC-SINE S-F17 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1987 July 10 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1867 - . Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: RORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military naval surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: Plazma-A. USAF Sat Cat: 18187 . COSPAR: 1987-060A. Apogee: 803 km (498 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 100.70 min. Summary: Test of new Topaz reactor, new systems, and ion engines aboard US-AM bus - Tested Plasma-2 SPT electric engine..

1988 July 10 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Meteorological Chaff Meteorological mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1989 July 10 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1991 July 10 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U2.
  • Cosmos 2153 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-4KS1. Duration: 247.00 days. Decay Date: 1992-03-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 21560 . COSPAR: 1991-049A. Apogee: 267 km (165 mi). Perigee: 182 km (113 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. Summary: Photo/digital surveillance..

1992 July 10 - .
  • Giotto Flyby of Comet Grigg-Skjellerup - . Nation: Europe. Spacecraft: Giotto.

1995 July 10 - .
  • Death of Vyecheslav Mikhailovich Kovtunenko - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Kovtunenko. Summary: Russian chief designer. Chief Designer and General Designer of NPO Lavochkin 1977-1995. Kovtunenko started his career at the Yangel design bureau, where was responsible for satellite design..

1995 July 10 - . 12:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan Centaur 401A. LV Configuration: Titan 401A/Centaur K-19/TC-8 (45E-5).
  • USA 112 - . Payload: Trumpet 2. Mass: 5,200 kg (11,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Trumpet. USAF Sat Cat: 23609 . COSPAR: 1995-034A. Apogee: 39,000 km (24,000 mi). Perigee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Inclination: 64.0000 deg.

1997 July 10 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 53 km (32 mi).

1998 July 10 - .
  • Death of Albert E Schuler - . Nation: Germany; USA. Related Persons: Schuler. Summary: German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter..

1998 July 10 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC45/1. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-2.
  • Resurs-O1 No. 4 - . Payload: Resurs-O1 No. 4. Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: VNIIEM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Resurs-O1. USAF Sat Cat: 25394 . COSPAR: 1998-043A. Apogee: 818 km (508 mi). Perigee: 815 km (506 mi). Inclination: 98.8000 deg. Period: 101.20 min. In addition to its remote sensing equipment, the satellite carried the Belgian LLMS (Little LEO Messaging System) communications payload for the IRIS system. The launch was critical in restoring confidence in the Zenit vehicle prior to planned commercial launches of Globalstar satellites from Baikonur and the first Sea Launch flights using a three-stage Zenit from a California-based floating launch platform. Expected life 3 to 5 years.
  • SAFIR-2 - . Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Manufacturer: Bremen. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Safir. USAF Sat Cat: 25399 . COSPAR: 1998-043F. Apogee: 819 km (508 mi). Perigee: 815 km (506 mi). Inclination: 98.8000 deg. Period: 101.20 min. Summary: Relay satellite built by OHB System of Bremen..
  • Fasat-Bravo - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Chile. Agency: FACh. Manufacturer: Surrey. Program: Fasat. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft: MicroSat-70. USAF Sat Cat: 25395 . COSPAR: 1998-043B. Apogee: 820 km (500 mi). Perigee: 815 km (506 mi). Inclination: 98.8000 deg. Period: 101.30 min. Summary: Customer: Chilean Air Force (FACH). Chile's second satellite carrying store and forward and Earth observation payloads, replacing those lost on FASat-Alpha. Still operational as of 2000.. Additional Details: Fasat-Bravo.
  • WESTPAC - . Mass: 24 kg (52 lb). Nation: Australia. Agency: WPLTN. Manufacturer: RKA; EOS. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: GFZ-1. USAF Sat Cat: 25398 . COSPAR: 1998-043E. Apogee: 819 km (508 mi). Perigee: 815 km (506 mi). Inclination: 98.8000 deg. Period: 101.20 min. Formerly known as WPLTN-1, this geodesy satellite was a copy of Potsdam's GFZ-1 satellite, a sphere covered with laser retroreflectors, with a different `Fizeau' corner cube design. It serves as a target for the Western Pacific Laser Tracking Network (WPLTN) and is a joint project of Electro Optic Systems of Queanbeyan, New South Wales, Australia, and the Russian Space Agency. Diameter is 0.24m.
  • Gurwin Techsat 1B - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Israel. Agency: RVSN. Manufacturer: Technion. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Gurwin. USAF Sat Cat: 25397 . COSPAR: 1998-043D. Apogee: 819 km (508 mi). Perigee: 817 km (507 mi). Inclination: 98.8000 deg. Period: 101.30 min. Summary: Built by Technion-Israel Institute of Technology. Replaced earlier Russian-launched Techsat which failed to orbit in 1995..
  • TMSAT - . Payload: Thai-Paht. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Thailand. Agency: FACh. Manufacturer: Surrey. Program: TMSAT. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft: MicroSat-70. USAF Sat Cat: 25396 . COSPAR: 1998-043C. Apogee: 819 km (508 mi). Perigee: 816 km (507 mi). Inclination: 98.8000 deg. Period: 101.20 min. Customer: Thailand (Thai Microsatellite Company and MUT). Thailand's first microsatellite built through a technology transfer programme with Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd. Carried store and forward and Earth observation payloads. Still operational as of 2000. Additional Details: TMSAT.

1999 July 10 - . 08:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. Launch Pad: SLC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7420-XC. LV Configuration: Delta 7420-10C D272.
  • Globalstar 32 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25851 . COSPAR: 1999-037A. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Globalstar 51 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25854 . COSPAR: 1999-037D. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Globalstar 35 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25853 . COSPAR: 1999-037C. Apogee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Globalstar 30 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Globalstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Globalstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25852 . COSPAR: 1999-037B. Apogee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.

2002 July 10 - .
  • Shuttle fleet grounded. - . Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5. The Shuttle fleet was grounded for several weeks when cracks were found in the flowliners of the liquid hydrogen lines within the shuttles. These lines supplied cold liquid hydrogen from the external tank to the shuttle engines. After several weeks of study NASA concluded that they could be fixed by welding, but the problem delayed the next ISS assembly mission and pushed the STS-107 Columbia science mission into 2003.

2005 July 10 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M-V. LV Family: M-V. Launch Vehicle: M-V. LV Configuration: M-V-1 M-V-6.
  • Suzaku - . Payload: Astro E2. Mass: 1,680 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Manufacturer: Toshiba. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: ASTRO E. USAF Sat Cat: 28773 . COSPAR: 2005-025A. Apogee: 573 km (356 mi). Perigee: 562 km (349 mi). Inclination: 31.4000 deg. Period: 96.00 min. Delayed from February, June 26, July 6 and 8, 2005. CUTE-1.7 nanosat mistakenly reported on this flight. Astro-E2 was renamed Suzaku (after a legendary red bird) after launch. It replaced the Astro-E, which never reached orbit due to an M-V-4 launch failure in 2000. The satellite had five 0.4-meter diameter X-ray telescopes, one with an XRS microcalorimeter and the other four with X-ray CCD cameras. However it was revealed that the XRS failed on 9 August due to leaking of helium coolant.

2006 July 10 - . 07:14 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-121-2 - . Crew: Sellers; Fossum. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.28 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Sellers; Fossum. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-121. Summary: The crew worked on the exterior of the ISS. They installed a spare pump module on the ESP-2 platform and replaced an umbilical cable assembly for the ISS Mobile Transporter, making it ready for installation of new solar truss panels on the next mission..

2006 July 10 - . 12:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota SLP. Launch Vehicle: GSLV. LV Configuration: GSLV-F02. FAILURE: One of the liquid-fueled strap-on motors failed to develop thrust. By 40 seconds after launch the GSLV had veered outside of the launch corridor and the destruct signal was sent.. Failed Stage: 0.
  • Insat 4C - . Mass: 2,168 kg (4,779 lb). Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Program: Insat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Insat 3. COSPAR: F20060710.

2008 July 10 - .
  • EVA ISS EO-17-1 - . Crew: Volkov, Sergey; Kononenko, O D. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.26 days. Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Volkov, Sergey; Kononenko, O D. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-17. Inspected the Soyuz TMA-12 spacecraft in an attempt to determine the reason for the failure of the service module to separate on earlier missions, removed a pyrotechnic bolt from the struts connecting the service and reentry modules of the Soyuz for examination on earth, and installed a docking target for the future Russian Multipurpose Research Module.

2010 July 10 - . 07:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Bay of Biscay Launch Area. Launch Platform: S614. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M51.
  • RV x 6 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Operational test..

2010 July 10 - . 18:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton/Briz M. LV Configuration: Proton/Briz M s/n P358.
  • Echostar 15 - . Mass: 5,520 kg (12,160 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: ILS. Program: Echostar. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 36792 . COSPAR: 2010-034A. Apogee: 35,798 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,774 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. Summary: Supported Dish direct-to-home broadcast network to North America..

2011 July 10 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • NASA 41.090GE - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi). Summary: Ionosphere mission..
  • NASA 21.140GE - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi). Summary: Ionosphere mission..

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