Encyclopedia Astronautica
July 11


July 11 Chronology


1910 July 11 - .
  • Birth of John Paul Stapp - . Nation: Brazil; USA. Summary: American USAF flight surgeon. In 1946-1958 pioneer research with rocket sleds and balloons; defined human tolerances for G-forces, altitude, and blast, essential data for design of aerospacecraft. Personally underwent the most grueling tests..

1910 July 11 - .
  • Birth of Sergei Nikolayevich Vernov - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Russian scientist. Director of NII-Yash of Moscow State University 1960-1982. Specialised in science experiments..

1949 July 11 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 118 - . Crew: Champine. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 49. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Champine. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Summary: NACA flight 29. Spanwise pressure distribution, stability and control. Rolls, pull-ups, check of stabilizer effectiveness. Mach 0.91. Number 2 cylinder failed to fire..

1950 July 11 - .
1950 July 11 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal E. LV Configuration: Corporal E 5E.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1952 July 11 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal. LV Configuration: Corporal 25R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1956 July 11 - . LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11.
  • Sounding rocket variant of the R-11 authorised. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Decree 'On approval of work on the R-11A missile for the IGY' was issued..

1957 July 11 - .
  • X-1B Flight 20 - . Crew: McKay. Payload: X-1B flight 20. Nation: USA. Related Persons: McKay. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: X-1B. Summary: NACA flight 10. Aborted after launch, indication of open landing-gear door. Propellants jettisoned, completed as a glide flight..

1958 July 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Jason. LV Configuration: Jason J-A. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSWC. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1958 July 11 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee. LV Configuration: Aerobee AU3.11F.
  • Charge density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1960 July 11 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Atlas operational plans given high priority - . Nation: USA. Summary: M. Gen. Tom Gerrity appointed head of new BMC for operational site selection through turnover.

1960 July 11 - .
  • Surveyor project starts. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Surveyor. Summary: NASA selected Hughes, North American, Space Technology Laboratory, and McDonnell to study designs for the first lunar soft-landing spacecraft..

1960 July 11 - . 04:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Akita. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8. LV Configuration: Kappa 8 K-8-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1961 July 11 - . LV Family: SLS; Titan.
  • Phoenix A388 space launch system recommended for Dyna-Soar Step IIA booster. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Dynasoar. Summary: The Dyna-Soar Directorate of the Space Systems Division recommended employment of the Phoenix A388 space launch system for the Step IIA booster..

1961 July 11 - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • F-1 engine begins static testing. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Program: Apollo. Summary: NASA announced that a complete F-1 engine had begun a series of static test firings at Edwards Rocket Test Center, Calif..

1962 July 11 - .
  • Project Apollo to use lunar orbit rendezvous. - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. NASA officials announced the basic decision for the manned lunar exploration program that Project Apollo shall proceed using the lunar orbit rendezvous as the prime mission mode. Based on more than a year of intensive study, this decision for the lunar orbit rendezvous (LOR), rather than for the alternative direct ascent or earth orbit rendezvous modes, enables immediate planning, research and development, procurement, and testing programs for the next phase of space exploration to proceed on a firm basis.

1962 July 11 - . LV Family: Nova; Saturn I; Saturn V.
  • Selection of LOR as Apollo Mission Mode - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Spacecraft: Apollo Lunar Landing. Following a long controversy NASA selected Lunar Orbit Rendezvous (LOR) as the fastest, cheapest, and safest mode to accomplish the Apollo mission. LOR solved the engineering problem of how to land. The EOR or Direct Landing approaches required the Apollo crew to be on their backs during the landing and having to use television or mirrors to see the lunar surface. A lunar crasher stage approach had finally emerged as lesser of evils but raised other issues. LOR allowed a purpose-built lander with a logical helicopter-like crew station layout. Studies indicated LOR would allow landing 6-8 months earlier and cost $9.2 billion vs $ 10.6 billion for EOR or direct. Direct flight by this time would not involve Nova, but a scaled-down two-man spacecraft that could be launched by the Saturn C-5. Additional Details: Selection of LOR as Apollo Mission Mode.

1962 July 11 - . 18:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2. LV Configuration: Titan II N-6.
  • Mk 6 re-entry vehicle test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1963 July 11 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1A 650.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1964 July 11 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2.
  • Gemini launch vehicle 2 arrived at Eastern Test Range. - . Nation: USA. Summary: Stage I was erected at complex 19 on July 13, stage II on July 14. Electrical power was applied to the vehicle on July 20 in preparation for Subsystems Functional Verification Tests, which began July 21..

1964 July 11 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. LV Family: DF-2. Launch Vehicle: DF-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1964 July 11 - . 02:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 3. LV Configuration: Lambda 3 L-3-1.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 857 km (532 mi).

1965 July 11 - .
  • Apollo RCS oxidizer tank failed during test - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM RCS. An RCS oxidizer tank failed during a test to demonstrate propellant compatibility with titanium tanks. This was the first of seven tanks to fail from a group of ten tanks put into test to investigate a failure that occurred during February 1965. These results caused an intensive investigation to be undertaken.

1966 July 11 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 654. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3P-399.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 July 11 - . 19:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.96UA.
  • Density profile Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1966 July 11 - . 19:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1B 1250. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1967 July 11 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1968 July 11 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 610. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2E. LV Configuration: Polaris A2E A2E.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 July 11 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A2. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F. LV Configuration: Atlas F 75F / OV-1 (2x).
  • OV1-15S - . Payload: Spades. Mass: 470 kg (1,030 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF OAR. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: OV1. Decay Date: 1968-11-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 3318 . COSPAR: 1968-059A. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi). Perigee: 153 km (95 mi). Inclination: 89.8000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Summary: Studied relationship between atmospheric density and solar radiation. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • OV1-16 Cannonball 1 - . Payload: Loads. Mass: 600 kg (1,320 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF OAR. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: OV1. Decay Date: 1968-08-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 3319 . COSPAR: 1968-059B. Apogee: 556 km (345 mi). Perigee: 145 km (90 mi). Inclination: 89.8000 deg. Period: 91.50 min. Summary: Ionospheric drag tests. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1969 July 11 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC162/36. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67M.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 July 11 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1969 July 11 - . 19:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7C. LV Configuration: Skylark-7C S38/2.
  • ESRO S38 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1970 July 11 - .
  • Soyuz 9 cosmonauts meet with Communist Party leaders. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Nikolayev; Sevastyanov. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 9. Summary: Sevastyanov notes how small the earth appears from space, the same observation made by Gagarin and the American astronauts..

1970 July 11 - . 08:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 1. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV. LV Configuration: Athena V123D. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test. Impacted in Mexico. - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Summary: Went off course and impacted in Mexico..

1972 July 11 - . 02:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Chaff - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1973 July 11 - . 09:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 2-06 - . Payload: Molniya-2. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Molniya-2. Decay Date: 1978-08-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 6722 . COSPAR: 1973-045A. Apogee: 39,292 km (24,414 mi). Perigee: 479 km (297 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 706.00 min. Continued operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio-communication system within the Soviet Union and transmission of USSR central television programmes to stations in the Orbita and participating international networks (international cooperation scheme).

1974 July 11 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • ABRES/SAMAST re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1974 July 11 - . 10:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63. FAILURE: First stage failed 84 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • DS-P1-Yu s/n 68 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. COSPAR: F740711A. Summary: Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1975 July 11 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Meteor 2-01 - . Payload: Meteor-2 no. 1. Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor-2. USAF Sat Cat: 8026 . COSPAR: 1975-064A. Apogee: 876 km (544 mi). Perigee: 844 km (524 mi). Inclination: 81.3000 deg. Period: 102.20 min. Summary: Acquisition of meteorological information needed for use by the weather service. .

1976 July 11 - .
1977 July 11 - . 14:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1979 July 11 - .
  • Skylab Re-Enters Into Earth's Atmosphere - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Skylab.

1979 July 11 - .
  • Skylab re-enters the atmosphere - . Nation: USA. Program: Skylab. Spacecraft: Skylab. NASA had planned to use Skylab with the space shuttle. Plans for an additional Apollo mission to boost Skylab into a higher orbit for later use by the shuttle were not acted on, since NASA was confident that Skylab would stay in orbit until shuttle flights began in 1978 - 1979. But the shuttle was delayed, and faster atmospheric decay than expected resulted in Skylab crashing to earth before the first shuttle mission was flown. The media went into a frenzy over the event, and debris rained over a large swath of Australia. There was no damage and no injuries, but the publicity made NASA hyper-sensitive in ensuring that future heavy spacecraft were deorbited in a controlled manner.

1979 July 11 - . 15:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 47155-104.
  • Cosmos 1114 - . Mass: 1,080 kg (2,380 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1981-12-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 11449 . COSPAR: 1979-065A. Apogee: 552 km (342 mi). Perigee: 506 km (314 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Summary: Replaced Cosmos 924. Possible ELINT satellite..

1980 July 11 - . 16:01 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 642. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • FOT-41? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1980 July 11 - . 16:01 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 642. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • FOT-41? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1980 July 11 - . 16:02 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 642. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • FOT-41? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1980 July 11 - . 16:02 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 642. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • FOT-41? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1981 July 11 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 654. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • FOT-44? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1981 July 11 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 654. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • FOT-44? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1981 July 11 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 654. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • FOT-44? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1981 July 11 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 654. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • FOT-44? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1982 July 11 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1984 July 11 - . 22:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1985 July 11 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1986 July 11 - . 22:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1987 July 11 - . 19:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1988 July 11 - . 22:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1989 July 11 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT134GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1990 July 11 - .
  • Death of John Bruce Medaris at Casselberry, Seminole, FL. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Medaris. Summary: American US Army officer, commanded Army Ballistic Missile Agency in the 1950's during development of Redstone, Jupiter, and Saturn I..

1990 July 11 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U2.
  • Gamma - . Payload: Gamma s/n 1L. Mass: 7,350 kg (16,200 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: Gamma. Duration: 1,388.41 days. Decay Date: 1992-02-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 20683 . COSPAR: 1990-058A. Apogee: 387 km (240 mi). Perigee: 382 km (237 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Spacecraft mission was research in the field of high-energy (gamma/x-ray) astrophysics conducted jointly with France and Poland. The satellite was based on the Soyuz manned spacecraft and had an extremely long gestation - conceived in 1965, authorised in 1976, scheduled originally for launch in 1984, but further severe technical delays resulted in a 1990 launch.

1991 July 11 - . 17:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.087US.
  • Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1992 July 11 - .
  • Death of Harrison Allen Storms - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Storms. Summary: American Chief Designer who led development of the Apollo spacecraft and Saturn S-II at North American. Earlier he had led the company to dominance in high-speed flight, with the X-15, F-108, and B-70. Scapegoated for the the Apollo fire..

1993 July 11 - .
  • Death of Sergei Yuriyevich Vozovikov at Rayon Anapa, Russia. Drowned during recovery training in the Black Sea. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Vozovikov. Summary: Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1990-1993. Graduated from Higher Military Pilot School, Armavir, 1979 Cosmonaut training 1 October 1990 - 6 March 1992..

1994 July 11 - .
  • Clark satellite contract - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Clark. Summary: Clark was selected in the NASA SSTI (Small Spacecraft Technology Initiative) program, along with Lewis, to demonstrate advanced spacecraft technologies..

1994 July 11 - .
  • Contract for Lewis satellite issued. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Lewis. Summary: Lewis was selected in the NASA SSTI (Small Spacecraft Technology Initiative) program, along with Clark, to demonstrate advanced spacecraft technologies..

1995 July 11 - .
  • Mir News 265: Resumed - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: STS-71; Mir EO-19; Mir EO-18. Just returned from the United States, where I was during the launch, docking, separation and landing of the STS-71, Atlantis. Still suffering from 'jetlag' and not back in my normal work-rhythm. But nevertheless here some facts about Mir/Atlantis and the plans for Mir this month.

    Atlantis blasted off from KSC on 27.06.1995 at 1932 UTC. Docking at the Kristall-module on 29.06.1995 at 1300 UTC. 4.07.1995 at 1055 UTC Soyuz-TM21 with Solovyov and Budarin separated from Mir's Kvant-1 module for a photo mission of the undocking of Atlantis. 4.07.1995 at 1110 UTC successful undocking of Atlantis from Mir. 4.07.1995 at 1138 UTC Soyuz-TM21 redocked to Kvant-1. This took place 5 minutes earlier than was planned due to a malfunction of the Ts.V.M.-1 (main computer on board Mir). Solovyov per formed the docking manually while the deviation of Mir was already 10 degrees. 7.07.1995 at 1455 UTC soft landing of Atlantis on the S.L.F. (Shuttle Landing Facility) of Kennedy Space Centre.

    Plans Mir-operations this month: 14.07.1995: 1st spacewalk (EVA): Checking airseal of docking port in -Z before the redocking of Kristall and an attempt to deploy the naughty solar array of Spektr. Beginning of EVA at 0340 UTC, duration somewhat more than 5 hrs. 17.07.1995: Possibly, depending on the results of the 1st EVA, the redocking of Kristall from the -X axis (forward port) to the radial port -Z axis. If so this operation will begin at abt 0200 UTC. There was a 2d EVA on schedule for 18.07 (later put back to 19.07), but possibly this EVA will be cancelled. Depending on the results of the 1st EVA. Progress-M28: If all goes well during the operations mentioned above this freighter will be launched from Baykonur on 20.07. Docking has to take place on 22.07 at the forward (-X) docking port of the complex. More news about the near future: There is an EVA planned on 18.08.1995 to install on the outer surface of Mir experiments among which the Belgian MirAS. This experiment has been brought to Mir by the Spektr module. Euromir'95: The launch of this mission with Soyuz-TM22 has been put back to 1.09.1995. (Gidzenko, Avdeyev and Reiter).

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202


1997 July 11 - .
  • Mir News 369: Progress-M35 - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Mir NASA-4; Mir EO-23. In contrast with the normal practice after dockings this time the crew had to wait with the opening of the hatches until the next day to conserve power and to enable the crew to have a good night's rest. The subjects discussed during radio communications in the passes in the first 3 orbits after the docking had nothing to do with the arrival of the Progress-M. They spoke about the replacement of water tanks, the switching on and off of the Elektron for oxygen production and the work on the accumulators.

    They had problems with the BKV-3 (air conditioning) and something was wrong with the Vozdukh, the CO2 scrubber. The next day the crew got permission to open the hatches and to start the unloading and loading of the freighter. They immediately began to pump water into the tanks of the complex. Foale had seen his 'goodies' for which he had been anxiously waiting, but due to the congestion of goods he could not yet reach them.

    This week radio traffic revealed circumstances which did not get much attention in the press and status reports. Everybody is aware of the fact that the module Spektr is as dead as a doornail, but the power shortage also paralysed another 2 huge modules, i.e. Kristall and Priroda.

    Greatest anxieties causes the module Kristall. Near the docking device for the Space shuttle (the SO, docking compartment is attached at the Kristall) the high humidity causes a lot of condensation and there but also in other places Foale and Lazutkin try to absorb this water as much as possible using towels. Foale reported that the temperature in Kristall is abt 4 a 5 degrees Celsius. Tsibliyev told TsUP that he blew air into Kristall for warming up.

    The most important subject remained the preparations for the coming spacewalk (IVA). The lion's share of this work is in the hands of Tsibliyev. When this report went to press there was not yet a complete scenario for the IVA. This meant that Tsibliyev regularly has been confronted with changes. This also in relation to the equipment and tools which they must have at hand during the IVA. Tsibliyev asked for a definitive list of all what has to be put in the IVA bag. Thus far he several times had to replace things. He also urged TsUP to avoid unnecessary delays.

    Now and then TsUP and the crew discuss the collision. Foale and Tsibliyev repeat much what they have told earlier. TsUP is still trying to trace the spot where Spektr's hull has been perforated. TsUP asked Lazutkin to give his opinion based on that what he heard during the collision. He told where he heard the hissing (or: sizzling, Russian word 'shipeniye'). When you should enter the module this must be in the wall on the left hand side. At first the blow was at the radiator, which is installed between the 2d and 3d plane. In the nearest (seen from the place where Lazutkin was) 'quarter'. If that is the place of the fixation at the suspension obviously the puncture must be there.

    Radio-amateurism:

    The Packet Radio 'circular saw rattles' can be heard again on 145.985 mc. Now and then Foale (KB5UAC) publishes by P/R small status reports. For instance: On docking day: 'Progress docked normally this morning. We are waiting 3 orbits before we start to unload it, checking the integrity of the hatch seals. (In fact they had to put this back until the next morning) The station attitude controls system is working well, using the gyrodynes, and the power STH (?) the base block and module Kvant 2 powered (airlock and toilet) with modules Kristall and Priroda unpowered. Greenhouse experiment is continuing, using power from the base block, to dry the seed pods that have formed quite nicely.' After collision day: Our packet pwr supply failed, and we had to rewire the equipment to a newer one. All previous msgs here were lost. TNC Paccomm no longer holds its parameters, if pwr is turned off, since the Progress collision. Mike, KB5UAC.'

    And today:

    'The crew is now extremely busy, trying to crawl through all the bags unloaded from Progress, which are now stored in dark, wet modules, which have no power. We are trying to inventory and assemble the 30 or so cables and adapt, required to install the hatch umbilical. A training run will be done on the 15th and the real EVA sometime after that. I will get some refresher training on preparing the Soyuz for evacuation, and will be in a spacesuit, b, in the Soyuz during the EVA itself.'

    Foale:

    During the period just after the collision Foale had his quarters in the P.Kh.O. (transition section). This P.Kh.O. will serve as airlock during the IVA and so Foale had to remove. He is now living in the module Kvant-2 (Module-D), which certainly will be more comfortable than the P.Kh.O.

    Attitude control:

    During this week the gyrodynes did not function continuously: sometimes all of them of just 1 were spun down for power conservation and in these periods for attitude control the small thruster jets of Mir and (now) the Progress-M35 are used. Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202.


1999 July 11 - .
  • Project 921-2 Go-Ahead - . Nation: China. Spacecraft: Project 921-2. China initiated the second phase of the National Manned Space program - Project 921-2. Phase 2 would focus on a manned 'space lab' and related key technologies. A China Academy of Science research team, including six subgroups on specific topics, was established in February 1999 to issue a requirements document. The new Shanghai Institute for Biological Sciences was also involved.

2000 July 11 - .
  • Death of Walter Fritz Wiesemann - . Nation: Germany; USA. Related Persons: Wiesemann. Summary: German-American engineer. Reassigned from Luftwaffe to Peenemuende in 1941. Worked on anti-aircraft rockets, went to America with von Braun's team in 1945, working on Huntsville projects until retirement in 1970..

2003 July 11 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Vehicle: Tier One.
  • White Knight Flight 27 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Binnie; Siebold. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: SpaceShipOne. Flight Time: 0.7 hours Pilot: Binnie Copilot: Siebold Flight Engineer: Stinemetze. Objectives: Pilot proficiency. First flight for SpaceShipOne lead engineer. Results: Made several simulated captive carry low sink rate landings as well as practice SpaceshipOne approaches to various runways. Good exposure for Matt Stinemetze on cockpit workload / crew coordination / cabin environment and human factors for Tier-1 mission

2003 July 11 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Vehicle: Tier One.
  • White Knight Flight 26 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Binnie; Melvill. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: SpaceShipOne. Flight Time: 2.0 hours Pilot: Melvill Copilot: Binnie Flight Engineer: Rutan. Objectives: First glide flight profile rehearsal / two ship checklist flow / airspace coordination / Command and Control responsibilities and handoffs. First flight for Burt in the White Knight. Results: Exercised all current checklists and SpaceShipOne first flight test cards. Simulated emergencies handled successfully. Good exposure for Burt on cockpit workload / crew coordination / cabin environment and human factors for Tier-1 mission. Flew eleven practice SpaceShipOne approaches from above high key, three with simulated failed avionics and some with other emergencies and runway changes. All were successful.

2003 July 11 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Vehicle: Tier One.
  • White Knight Flight 28 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Binnie; Siebold. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: SpaceShipOne. Flight Time: 0.5 hours Pilot: Siebold Copilot: Binnie Flight Engineer: Losey. Objectives: Pilot proficiency. First flight for SpaceShipOne crew chief. Results: Made several practice SpaceshipOne approaches using various configurations and runways. Good exposure for SS1 crewchief Steve Losey on cockpit workload / crew coordination / cabin environment and human factors for Tier-1 mission.

2006 July 11 - .
2010 July 11 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9.
  • NASA 36.265UG - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi). Summary: Astronomy payload.

2011 July 11 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. Launch Vehicle: Gradicom 2.
  • Gradicom - . Nation: India. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Test mission; GRAndes DImensiones COMpuestos (Large Size Composite propellant); the main motor, tested to 40 km on 2009 Dec 17 from Serrezuela, is 0.32m dia 2.5m long. The new vehicle appears to have a booster stage of the same diameter; it is 7.7m long 0.32m dia and has a total mass of 933 kg.

2011 July 11 - . 15:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-3C.
  • Tianlian 1-02 - . Nation: China. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 37737 . COSPAR: 2011-032A. Apogee: 35,804 km (22,247 mi). Perigee: 35,769 km (22,225 mi). Inclination: 0.8000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Data relay satellite to support the Shenzhou-Tiangong docking mission and later manned space station missions..

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