Encyclopedia Astronautica
July 15


July 15 Chronology


1910 July 15 - .
  • Birth of Abraham Hyatt - . Nation: USA. Summary: American engineer. Navy chief aeronautics scientist, 1948-1958. Director positions at NASA, 1959-1964. After 1965 corporated director at NA..

1914 July 15 - .
1915 July 15 - .
  • Birth of Harrison Allen Storms - . Nation: USA. Summary: American Chief Designer who led development of the Apollo spacecraft and Saturn S-II at North American. Earlier he had led the company to dominance in high-speed flight, with the X-15, F-108, and B-70. Scapegoated for the the Apollo fire..

1918 July 15 - .
  • Birth of Philip T Gardner - . Nation: USA. Summary: American engineer. Manager of test laboratories for the Atlas program..

1948 July 15 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 18R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 July 15 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LA. Launch Vehicle: Lark. LV Configuration: Lark 606. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1953 July 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • E25 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 July 15 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Honest John. LV Configuration: Honest John 434.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 July 15 - . 14:23 GMT - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Deacon. LV Configuration: Nike Deacon NN7.39F. FAILURE: Failure.
  • NRL NN7.39F Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 28 km (17 mi).

1958 July 15 - .
  • McDonnell manned orbital spacecraft concept. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Mercury; Project 7969. Cook Electric Company submitted a proposal to the McDonnell Aircraft Corporation as a part of a preliminary study and design effort by McDonnell for a manned satellite. McDonnell, prior to being awarded the Mercury prime development contract in February 1959, spent 11 months under a company research budget working on a manned orbital spacecraft concept.

1958 July 15 - .
  • Birth of Benoit M Silve - . Nation: France. Summary: French engineer cosmonaut, 1990-1993. Pilot, French Navy Selected for French astronaut team..

1958 July 15 - . 20:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AM6.39.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1959 July 15 - . LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: R-7A.
  • Samara Filial 1 takes over design responsibility for R-7 and its derivatives. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Decree 'On formation of the Design Department of OKB-1 at the Progress Plant in Kuibyshev' was issued..

1960 July 15 - .
  • USAF Air Staff approval for SAINT development - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: SAINT; SAINT II.

1960 July 15 - .
  • Birth of Dr Alexander William Dunlap - . Nation: USA. Summary: American physician payload specialist astronaut, 1996-1998. Candidate specialist for STS-90 Neurolab..

1960 July 15 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11A.
  • Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1960 July 15 - . 06:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25B. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-42.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 July 15 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.401.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1961 July 15 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury Atlas launch vehicle 88-D delivered to Cape Canaveral - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Summary: Atlas launch vehicle 88-D was delivered to Cape Canaveral for the Mercury-Atlas 4 (MA-4) mission..

1962 July 15 - . LV Family: UR-200. Launch Vehicle: UR-200.
  • UR-200 draft project is completed. - . Nation: USSR. Manufacturer: Chelomei.

1963 July 15 - .
  • 271 applications for the astronaut program - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Summary: MSC had received 271 applications for the astronaut program. Seventy-one were military pilots (one from the Army, 34 from the Navy, 26 from the Air Force, and 10 from the Marines). Of the 200 civilians applying, three were women..

1963 July 15 - . LV Family: Kosmos 2; Kosmos 3; R-16.
  • R-12U, R-14U, and R-16U silo-based missiles accepted into service. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Decree 'On adoption into armaments of the R-12U, R-14U, and R-16U shaft versions' was issued..

1964 July 15 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Sirocco. LV Configuration: Sirocco LW-4. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA. Apogee: 9.00 km (5.50 mi).

1964 July 15 - . 00:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.49CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 191 km (118 mi).

1964 July 15 - . 02:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Vehicle: HAD. LV Configuration: HAD 133.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1964 July 15 - . 04:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.50CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1964 July 15 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.144UI.
  • Sunrise Ionosphere 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1964 July 15 - . 08:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.51CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1964 July 15 - . 09:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.52CA.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 191 km (118 mi).

1964 July 15 - . 09:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.145UI.
  • Sunrise Ionosphere 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1964 July 15 - . 10:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.146UI.
  • Sunrise Ionosphere 3 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1964 July 15 - . 11:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92. LV Configuration: Vostok 8A92 R15001-03.
  • Cosmos 35 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 21. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1964-07-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 833 . COSPAR: 1964-039A. Apogee: 258 km (160 mi). Perigee: 218 km (135 mi). Inclination: 51.3000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

1964 July 15 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-18.
  • LRL SAP Camera Test / technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 July 15 - .
  • Redesign of the side hatch in the Block II Apollo CM - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Block II. North American began redesigning the side hatch mechanism in the CM to satisfy the requirement for extravehicular transfer from Block II spacecraft. Two basic modifications to the Block I mechanism were required: (1) enlarging it to overcome thermal warpage; and (2) adding some hinge retention device to secure the hatch once it was opened.

1965 July 15 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.128UA.
  • Thermosphere comparison Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1966 July 15 - .
  • The acceptance meeting for Atlas 5306, the target launch vehicle for Gemini XI, was held at San Diego. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 11. Summary: Final acceptance was completed July 18. The vehicle was shipped the same day by air to Cape Kennedy, arriving July 19..

1967 July 15 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1967 July 15 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1B 755.
  • GIN BABY I research and development mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1967 July 15 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF21. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2. LV Configuration: Minuteman 2 2337.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1968 July 15 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. Launch Pad: LC81/pad?. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/D.
  • L1 pad explosion. - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: Lunar L1. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1. During launch preparations with the fuelled Proton / L1, there was an explosion, killing three technicians. Their death alone indicates the area around the pad was unsafe at the time. The Block D oxidiser tank of the L1 exploded - the first such failure in 30 uses. The rocket and spacecraft were relatively undamaged. The third stage of the Proton had some external damage due to exposure to the Block D's fuel, but it can be cleaned. The real question is how to remove the L1 spacecraft on the pad. A helicopter could hoist the spacecraft away, but the available Mi-6 or V-10 helos can lift only 8 to 10 tonnes, and the L1 weighs 14 tonnes. A V-10 crew is sent to investigate the possibilities anyway. Some engineers suggest just firing the BPO abort tower and lifting the capsule away from the stack! Emergency political and military meetings are held at the cosmodrome to discuss the impending invasion of Czechoslovakia.

1969 July 15 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF26. Launch Pad: LF26?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2. LV Configuration: Minuteman 2 2012.
  • OT GT13F operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1969 July 15 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF22. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2. LV Configuration: Minuteman 2 (64-15533).
  • OT GT12F operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1970 July 15 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL811.
  • Extreme ultraviolet OGS Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1971 July 15 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Sphere - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1972 July 15 - .
  • Lunar Science Institute's summer study on post-Apollo lunar science - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 17. Spacecraft: Apollo ALSEP. The Lunar Science Institute's summer study on post-Apollo lunar science arrived at a number of conclusions and recommendations. Some conclusions were: Lunar science would evolve through three rather distinct phases. For two years immediately following Apollo 17, high priority would be given to collection, organization, and preliminary analysis of the wealth of information acquired from the exploration of the moon. In the next two years (1975 and 1976), emphasis would shift to a careful first look at all the data. In the next years, investigations would be concentrated on key problems. Additional Details: Lunar Science Institute's summer study on post-Apollo lunar science.

1972 July 15 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • SSTTP M2-15 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1973 July 15 - . 16:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-19.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1974 July 15 - . 17:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Chaff - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1975 July 15 - .
  • X-24 Flight 54 - . Crew: Love, Michael. Payload: X-24B flight 26. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Love, Michael. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: X-24B. Summary: Maximum Speed - 1685 kph. Maximum Altitude - 21180 m. Flight Time - 415 sec..

1975 July 15 - . 03:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5V.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 503 km (312 mi).

1975 July 15 - . 12:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Soyuz 19 (ASTP) - . Call Sign: Soyuz (Union ). Crew: Kubasov; Leonov. Backup Crew: Filipchenko; Rukavishnikov. Support Crew: Andreyev; Dzhanibekov; Ivanchenkov; Romanenko. Payload: Soyuz ASTP s/n 75 (EPSA). Mass: 6,790 kg (14,960 lb). Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Kubasov; Leonov; Filipchenko; Rukavishnikov; Andreyev; Dzhanibekov; Ivanchenkov; Romanenko. Agency: MOM. Program: ASTP. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz 19 (ASTP); Apollo (ASTP). Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-TM. Duration: 5.94 days. Decay Date: 1975-07-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 8030 . COSPAR: 1975-065A. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi). Perigee: 186 km (115 mi). Inclination: 51.8000 deg. Period: 88.50 min. Soyuz 19 initial orbital parameters were 220.8 by 185.07 kilometres, at the desired inclination of 51.80, while the period of the first orbit was 88.6 minutes. On 17 July the two spacecraft docked. The crew members rotated between the two spacecraft and conducted various mainly ceremonial activities. Leonov was on the American side for 5 hours, 43 minutes, while Kubasov spent 4:57 in the command and docking modules.

    After being docked for nearly 44 hours, Apollo and Soyuz parted for the first time and were station-keeping at a range of 50 meters. The Apollo crew placed its craft between Soyuz and the sun so that the diameter of the service module formed a disk which blocked out the sun. After this experiment Apollo moved towards Soyuz for the second docking.

    Three hours later Apollo and Soyuz undocked for the second and final time. The spacecraft moved to a 40 m station-keeping distance so that an ultraviolet absorption experiment could be performed. With all the joint flight activities completed, the ships went on their separate ways.


1975 July 15 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn IB. LV Configuration: Saturn IB SA-210.
  • Apollo (ASTP) - . Call Sign: Apollo. Crew: Brand; Slayton; Stafford. Backup Crew: Bean; Evans; Lousma. Payload: Apollo CSM 111. Mass: 14,768 kg (32,557 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Brand; Slayton; Stafford; Bean; Evans; Lousma. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: ASTP. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz 19 (ASTP); Apollo (ASTP). Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. Duration: 9.06 days. Decay Date: 1975-07-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 8032 . COSPAR: 1975-066A. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi). Perigee: 152 km (94 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 87.60 min. This flight marked the culmination of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project, a post-moon race 'goodwill' flight to test a common docking system for space rescue. 15 July 1975 began with the flawless launch of Soyuz 19. Apollo followed right on schedule. Despite a stowaway - a 'super Florida mosquito' - the crew accomplished a series of rendezvous manoeuvres over the next day resulting in rendezvous with Soyuz 19. At 11:10 on 17 July the two spacecraft docked. The crew members rotated between the two spacecraft and conducted various mainly ceremonial activities. Stafford spent 7 hours, 10 minutes aboard Soyuz, Brand 6:30, and Slayton 1:35. Leonov was on the American side for 5 hours, 43 minutes, while Kubasov spent 4:57 in the command and docking modules.

    After being docked for nearly 44 hours, Apollo and Soyuz parted for the first time and were station-keeping at a range of 50 meters. The Apollo crew placed its craft between Soyuz and the sun so that the diameter of the service module formed a disk which blocked out the sun. This artificial solar eclipse, as viewed from Soyuz, permitted photography of the solar corona. After this experiment Apollo moved towards Soyuz for the second docking.

    Three hours later Apollo and Soyuz undocked for the second and final time. The spacecraft moved to a 40 m station-keeping distance so that the ultraviolet absorption (UVA MA-059) experiment could be performed. This was an effort to more precisely determine the quantities of atomic oxygen and atomic nitrogen existing at such altitudes. Apollo, flying out of plane around Soyuz, projected monochromatic laser-like beams of light to retro-reflectors mounted on Soyuz. On the 150-meter phase of the experiment, light from a Soyuz port led to a misalignment of the spectrometer, but on the 500-meter pass excellent data were received; on the 1,000-meter pass satisfactory results were also obtained.

    With all the joint flight activities completed, the ships went on their separate ways. On 20 July the Apollo crew conducted earth observation, experiments in the multipurpose furnace (MA-010), extreme ultraviolet surveying (MA-083), crystal growth (MA-085), and helium glow (MA-088). On 21 July Soyuz 19 landed safely in Kazakhstan. Apollo continued in orbit on 22-23 July to conduct 23 independent experiments - including a doppler tracking experiment (MA-089) and geodynamics experiment (MA-128) designed to verify which of two techniques would be best suited for studying plate tectonics from earth orbit.

    After donning their space suits, the crew vented the command module tunnel and jettisoned the docking module. The docking module would continue on its way until it re-entered the earth's atmosphere and burned up in August 1975.

  • Saturn S-IVB-210 - . Payload: Saturn S-IVB-210. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Huntsville. Program: ASTP. Decay Date: 1975-07-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 8033 . COSPAR: 1975-066B. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi). Perigee: 152 km (94 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 87.60 min.
  • Docking Module 2 - . Payload: Apollo DM-2. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: ASTP. Spacecraft: Apollo ASTP Docking Module. Decay Date: 1975-08-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 8042 . COSPAR: 1975-066C. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi). Perigee: 201 km (124 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 88.73 min.

1976 July 15 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF21. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3. LV Configuration: Minuteman 3 STM-11W.
  • STM-11W test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1976 July 15 - . 13:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53746-304.
  • Cosmos 841 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 9022 . COSPAR: 1976-069A. Apogee: 789 km (490 mi). Perigee: 769 km (477 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.40 min.

1977 July 15 - . LV Family: Energia. Launch Vehicle: Energia.
  • Buran draft project reviewed by expert commission - . Nation: USSR. Program: Buran. Spacecraft: Buran. Summary: A critical step in any Soviet project, this approved the design and paved the way for development to begin..

1978 July 15 - .
  • Deliver SRBs empty for mated vertical vibe test - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Summary: Deliver SRBs (2) empty to MSFC for mated vertical ground vibration test.

1979 July 15 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. Launch Pad: LA2B?. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: DF-5.
  • - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Other sources say launch was from Taiyuan..

1980 July 15 - . 02:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC10W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor DSV-2U. LV Configuration: Thor DSV-2U 304. FAILURE: Separation problem gutted wiring from spacecraft.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • AMS 5 - . Payload: DMSP 5D S-4. Mass: 513 kg (1,130 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DMSP. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: DMSP Block 5D. Decay Date: 1980-07-14 . COSPAR: F800715A. Defense Meteorological Satellite Program. Although there was a press release immediately after the launch (by the spacecraft SPO) that said the 2nd stage motor exploded, in reality the problem was found to be due to poor design of the electrical connectors between the 2nd and third stages and a separation problem that ripped the wiring out of the spacecraft.

1980 July 15 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1201 - . Payload: Zenit-4MKT no. 14. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKT. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-07-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 11894 . COSPAR: 1980-061A. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi). Perigee: 213 km (132 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. Summary: Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1980 July 15 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.44US.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 322 km (200 mi).

1981 July 15 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1282 - . Payload: Yantar-2K s/n 951. Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-2K. Duration: 30.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-08-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 12588 . COSPAR: 1981-066A. Apogee: 332 km (206 mi). Perigee: 170 km (100 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1982 July 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion NASA 31.15UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1983 July 15 - . 08:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.34GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1985 July 15 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT110GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1985 July 15 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1668 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-07-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 15906 . COSPAR: 1985-060A. Apogee: 271 km (168 mi). Perigee: 206 km (128 mi). Inclination: 70.4000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Summary: Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1987 July 15 - . 01:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.52GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1987 July 15 - . 12:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A FALLING SPHERE.
  • MAC-SINE S-F22 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi).

1987 July 15 - . 21:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A FALLING SPHERE.
  • MAC-SINE S-F23 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1987 July 15 - . 21:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A FALLING SPHERE.
  • MAC-SINE S-F24 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1991 July 15 - . 11:45 GMT - .
1992 July 15 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde. LV Configuration: AN/DMQ-9.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1993 July 15 - .
  • Mir News 179: MISSION ALTAIR - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Mir Altair; Mir EO-13; Mir EO-14. This French scientific mission goes according to plan. Haignere stated that all experiments are going well. The only problem is the fact that they have a lot of work to do. On 14.07.93 due to their work a direct TV-report in which a conversation with President Mitterand had to be cancelled or did not take place due to lack of comm. channels. H. is feeling well. No space sickness, no headache or other pains, he sleeps well and has a good appetite. H. praises the good amicable sphere among the crew members, which guarantees a good co-operation. H., call F6Mir, enjoys the possibilities of radio-amateurism: as soon as France is in range he has long conversations with French radio-amateurs. On 11.07.93 in orb. 42293, 1324 UTC, he also got the opportunity to speak with his parents. He had to ask one of the amateurs to leave the frequency (144.475 mc) for he was not able to hear his mother. On this frequency also a lot of P/R traffic. H.'s presence on board Mir caused a remarkable increase of French amateur-calls on Mir's P/R.

    Mir-crew: Manakov is still captain of the Mir-complex and this he shows clearly. During every pass he tightly holds the microphone. Now and then Polishchuk and Serebrov can be heard; Tsybliyev, who has to take over command one of these days, rarely speaks with TsUP.

    Progress-M17: During the experiment 'Rodeo' on 3.07.93 this freighter undocked from the Mir station while Soyuz-TM17 was waiting for the docking port freed by Progress-M17. Progress-M17 undocked at 1553 UTC. Soyuz-TM17 docked to Mir at 1624 UTC. The return-capsule of Progress-M17 landed safely in Kazakhstan at 1802 UTC.

    Soyuz-TM16: With this ship, now still attached to the Kristall- Module, Manakov, Polishchuk and Haignere will return to earth on 22.07.93. The landing is expected at about 0630 UTC.

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202.


1996 July 15 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: DELTA4. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1996 July 15 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: DELTA3. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1996 July 15 - . 11:28 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC94. Launch Pad: FIX. Launch Vehicle: Hera. LV Configuration: Hera 5.
  • BRV/THAAD Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1996 July 15 - . 11:31 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: THAAD. LV Configuration: THAAD FT-06.
  • ABM test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1996 July 15 - . 18:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Wake Island. Launch Vehicle: Castor 4B. LV Configuration: Castor 4B TCMP IIB.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: OSC. Apogee: 317 km (196 mi).

1997 July 15 - .
  • Mir News 370: Spacewalk (IVA) - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Mir NASA-4; Mir EO-23. The preparations for the internal EVA were still going on successfully (as far as this can be ascertained by monitoring) when Tsibliyev reported that he had hearth rhythm problems. Initially he discussed this with a doctor, first name Irina, who was not able to diagnose the case and so she did not prescribe medicine. Later on Tsibliyev asked for permission to swallow a pill and for an answer on his question whether he would be able to do the difficult IVA or not. The problem emerged yesterday and now it is known that higher 'doctors' are trying to find a solution. During radio conversations in the passes of orb. 65141 and 65142 it was obvious that the complaints of Tsibliyev will effect further plans.

    The exercise which was on schedule for today (using Kvant-2 to imitate the IVA into Spektr) had been put back and that this was also the case with the IVA itself. Today Tsibliyev declared that if he could have a week to recover and nothing special would occur he wished to do the IVA himself. From the beginning, for instance during the collision , he was so involved in this all that he considers this as his duty. TsUP obviously had other ideas and asked Foale to take the microphone. Foale stated that he had no objections and that he would be very pleased to accomplish this task. He was sure that Tsibliyev would give him the right instructions. Tsibliyev possibly agreed with the possibility that Foale would replace him.

    Foale added that he already knows how to handle the spacesuit Orlan-DMA. Tsibliyev said that the spacesuits were ready for the operation. A few orbits later Mir communicated with TsUP via Altair-2 in phone, but they also exchanged images. For a long time the cosmonauts were in the P.Kh.O (transition section) involved in technical preparations for the IVA. Tsibliyev was the most active crew member during these preparations and did not show signs that he had health- or stress problems. Probably he wants to recapture his place as spacewalker nr. 1. Whether Tsibliyev or Foale will do the IVA is not yet known. The IVA has been put back abt 10 days. Foale did not participate in the discussions from the P.Kh.O. Now and then, but not often, Lazutkin could be heard.

    Altair-2:

    The crew succeeded in restoring the communications from and to Mir via this geostationary satellite. Initially they had problems with their phone during the transmission of TV-images. On Sunday (13.07) they showed little papers with that what they wanted to tell their relatives and friends. On 14.07 they adjusted the installation in which Foale substantially participated. Today, 15.07, the so called Ku-band was fully in use during some passes. Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202.


1998 July 15 - . 02:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1999 July 15 - .
  • ISS Status Report: ISS 99-26 - . Nation: USA. Program: ISS. International Space Station activities continue to focus on the maintenance of on-board batteries to ensure as long a life as possible and the troubleshooting of a balky antenna on the backup communications system. Flight controllers continue to watch over ISS systems as well, despite two instances of power outages at the Russian Mission Control Center late last week and again today. Additional Details: ISS Status Report: ISS 99-26.

2000 July 15 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2000 July 15 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 47136-414.
  • MITA - . Mass: 170 kg (370 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: ASI. Manufacturer: Carlo Gavazzi. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: MITA. Decay Date: 2001-08-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 26404 . COSPAR: 2000-039A. Apogee: 475 km (295 mi). Perigee: 422 km (262 mi). Inclination: 87.2633 deg. Period: 93.48 min. Summary: MITA was an Italian Space Agency experimental microsatellite built by Carlo Gavazzi Space of Milano and carried the NINA particle detector and an experimental attitude control system..
  • CHAMP - . Mass: 522 kg (1,150 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Manufacturer: Jena. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: CHAMP. Decay Date: 2010-09-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 26405 . COSPAR: 2000-039B. Apogee: 464 km (288 mi). Perigee: 409 km (254 mi). Inclination: 87.2591 deg. Period: 93.22 min. Summary: CHAMP was a geophysics research satellite operated by GFZ, Potsdam, to study the earth's magnetic and gravitational field..
  • Rubin - . Nation: Germany. Agency: RVSN. Manufacturer: Bremen. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Rubin. Decay Date: 2001-08-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 26406 . COSPAR: 2000-039C. Apogee: 463 km (288 mi). Perigee: 411 km (255 mi). Inclination: 87.2558 deg. Period: 93.23 min. Summary: Rubin was a microsatellite to measure launch vehicle parameters developed by OHB and students of the Hochschule Bremen. Rubin remained attached to the payload adapter of the Kosmos-3M final stage..

2001 July 15 - . 02:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2. LV Configuration: Minuteman 2 MSLS IFT-6.
  • IFT-6 GMDS target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFMC. Apogee: 1,600 km (900 mi). The Minuteman II flew a suborbital trajectory with an apogee of around 1600 km and reentered near Kwajalein Atoll. The Boeing Minuteman II had an M55E1 first stage, an SR19 second stage and an M57A1 third stage. One large decoy balloon was used, 1.7 meters in diameter, slightly smaller than the balloon used earlier as a decoy. This new decoy still had an IR signature much brighter (approximately three times) than that of the mock warhead.

2001 July 15 - . 03:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein Meck. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Payload Launch Vehicle. LV Configuration: Minuteman 2 PLV PLV IFT-6.
  • IFT-6 EKV ABM test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA SSDC. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi). Successful ABM test, a repeat of IFT-5. The US Army then launched the Lockheed Martin PLV, consisting of SR19 and M57A1 stages, to an intercept it at an altitude of 225 km. The test was part of the Ground-Based Midcourse Defence Segment of the NMD (National Missile Defense) program.The prototype X-Band radar (XBR) used in IFT-6 could not process all the information it was receiving quickly enough, causing it to falsely report that the interceptor had missed its target. But in fact the interceptor functioned correctly, and the kill was confirmed by sensors on a satellite, a 747 jet, and ground stations. Starting in IFT-6, a recurring error was identified in the EKV's target position estimation data. The glitch never interfered with the effectiveness of the EKV, and was attributed to degraded EKV inertial measurement unit output data caused by electromagnetic interference from test-unique cabling.

2001 July 15 - . 03:07 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-104-1 - . Crew: Gernhardt; Reilly. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.25 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gernhardt; Reilly. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-104. The astronauts removed thermal covers from the Quest airlock module. Handrails were installed on Quest and the oxygen and nitrogen tanks stored in the Spacelab pallets. The Station SSRMS arm grappled Quest, unberthed it from Atlantis, and docked it to the Unity module. Quest was firmly bolted to Unity's +X CBM at 0740 GMT and the astronauts returned to the airlock just over an hour later.

2003 July 15 - . 07:02 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion Improved. LV Configuration: Terrier Improved Orion NASA 41.025UE.
  • CWAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2003 July 15 - . 07:32 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion Improved. LV Configuration: Terrier Improved Orion NASA 41.024UE.
  • CWAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2004 July 15 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7920-10L. LV Configuration: Delta 7920-10L D306.
  • Aura - . Payload: EOS-CHEM1 / T330 (AB1200). Mass: 2,967 kg (6,541 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Manufacturer: TRW. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Aura. USAF Sat Cat: 28376 . COSPAR: 2004-026A. Apogee: 694 km (431 mi). Perigee: 688 km (427 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.60 min. Summary: Atmosphere Dynamics & Chemistry. Delayed from January 29, February 6, March 19, June 17, 19 and 26, July 8, 10, 11, 13 and 14..

2005 July 15 - .
2006 July 15 - .
2008 July 15 - .
  • EVA ISS EO-17-2 - . Crew: Volkov, Sergey; Kononenko, O D. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.25 days. Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Volkov, Sergey; Kononenko, O D. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-17. Summary: Installed a docking target on the Zvezda service module and the Vsplesk experiment. Straightened a ham radio antenna and retrieved a Biorisk cannister..

2009 July 15 - . 22:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle.
  • STS-127 - . Call Sign: Endeavour. Crew: Polansky; Hurley; Cassidy; Payette; Marshburn; Wolf; Kopra. Payload: Endeavour F23 / ISS 2J/4. Mass: 120,000 kg (260,000 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-127; ISS EO-20; ISS EO-19. Spacecraft: Endeavour. Duration: 15.60 days. Decay Date: 2009-07-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 35633 . COSPAR: 2009-038A. Apogee: 336 km (208 mi). Perigee: 328 km (203 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.20 min. Crew: Polansky, Hurley, Cassidy, Marshburn, Wolf, Payette. Deliver to the ISS and install the Kibo Japanese Experiment Module Exposed Facility (JEM EF); Kibo Japanese Experiment Logistics Module - Exposed Section (ELM-ES); and Spacelab Pallet - Deployable 2 (SLP-D2).
  • Dragonsat - . Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Clemson. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2010-03-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 35690 . COSPAR: 2009-038B. Apogee: 332 km (206 mi). Perigee: 326 km (202 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.10 min. Ejected from the Endeavour on 30 July at 12:34 GMT. Dragonsat consisted of two 1.5 kg cubesats, BEVO-1 from the University of Texas at Austin and Aggiesat 2 from Texas A&M University. The two satellites were ejected attached to each other, but failed to separate as planned.
  • ANDE Passive(Pollux) - . Nation: USA. Agency: Clemson. Decay Date: 2010-03-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 35690 . COSPAR: 2009-038E. Apogee: 332 km (206 mi). Perigee: 326 km (202 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.10 min. Summary: Ejected from the Endeavour on 30 July at 12:33 GMT. Upper atmosphere studies..
  • ANDE Active (Castor) - . Nation: USA. Agency: Clemson. Decay Date: 2010-03-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 35690 . COSPAR: 2009-038F. Apogee: 332 km (206 mi). Perigee: 326 km (202 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.10 min. Summary: Ejected from the Endeavour on 30 July at 12:33 GMT. Upper atmosphere studies..

2011 July 15 - . 11:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV XL.
  • Gsat 12 - . Payload: I-1K. Mass: 1,410 kg (3,100 lb). Nation: India. Program: Insat. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Insat 3. USAF Sat Cat: 37746 . COSPAR: 2011-034A. Apogee: 35,806 km (22,248 mi). Perigee: 35,768 km (22,225 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Communications satellite; used on-board propellant to reach geosynchronous position..

2011 July 15 - . 23:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton/Briz M. LV Configuration: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • SES 3 - . Payload: Orbital Star-2.4E. Mass: 3,112 kg (6,860 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Star Bus. USAF Sat Cat: 37748 . COSPAR: 2011-035A. Apogee: 35,798 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,775 km (22,229 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: C/Ku band communications payload..
  • Kazsat 2 - . Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Yakhta. USAF Sat Cat: 37749 . COSPAR: 2011-035B. Apogee: 35,788 km (22,237 mi). Perigee: 35,785 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Ku-band communications payload. Operator Kazakhstan National Center for Space Communications..

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