Encyclopedia Astronautica
July 17


July 17 Chronology


1929 July 17 - . LV Family: Goddard. Launch Vehicle: Goddard 3.
  • Fourth flight of a Goddard liquid rocket; first with instruments. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Apogee: 0.0270 km (0.0168 mi). Range: 0.0520 km (0.0323 mi). Started to lift at 13 sec; rose at 14 1/2 sec; reached top of flight (90 ft) at 17 sec; hit ground at 18 1/2 sec; landed 171 ft from tower. The rocket carried a small camera, thermometer, and a barometer which were recovered intact after the flight. Flight was bright and noisy, attracted public attention. The result was a great deal of "moon rocket" publicity. This resulted in prohibition of further test flights from Aunt Effie's Farm by the local fire marshall. Length 11 ft 6 in.; maximum diameter 26 in.; weight 32 lb; gasoline 14 lb; liquid oxygen 11 lb; total loaded weight 57 lb. Up to that time Goddard had achieved numerous proving-stand tests of liquid rockets, and 10 attempts at flight tests, of which four achieved flight.

1941 July 17 - . LV Family: Goddard. Launch Vehicle: Goddard P-C.
  • Goddard Series P Section C rocket static test - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Summary: Static test: duration 34 sec; average thrust 825+ lb; gas ejection velocity 4060 ft/sec; average thrust per pound of fuel per second 128; mechanical horsepower 3040; liquid oxygen 131.7 lb; gasoline 91.5 lb; ratio oxygen to gasoline 1.43. .

1946 July 17 - .
1947 July 17 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal E. LV Configuration: Corporal E 2 33E. FAILURE: Failure.
  • 33E test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1948 July 17 - .
1951 July 17 - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman SLED. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: MX-775.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 July 17 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal. LV Configuration: Corporal 26R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1953 July 17 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 1239R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 July 17 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC3. LV Family: X-17. Launch Vehicle: X-17. LV Configuration: X-17 R-2 4203-3.
  • Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1956 July 17 - . 15:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 29.7 N x 121.6 W. Launch Platform: LSD-18. LV Family: Rockoon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Rockoon.
  • NRL NN5.27 Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi). Summary: Launched on 1956 NRL Cruise Launch Point 1 - Latitude: 29.68 N, Longitude:121.57 W..

1957 July 17 - .
  • Qian Weichang denounced. - . Nation: China. Related Persons: Tsien. Summary: Tsien denounces his former colleague Qian Weichang..

1958 July 17 - . 09:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC26B. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter. LV Configuration: Jupiter IRBM AM-6B.
  • Gaslight Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF; NASA Huntsville. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Fired from AMR at 0404 hours EST to a pre-calculated range of 1,241.3 nm. The nose cone impacted 1.0 nm short and 1.5 nm to the right of the predicted impact point. This was the first flight test of the complete inertial guidance system. The nose cone recovery mission was successful. This was also the second successful flight test of a full scale tactical type nose cone, as well as a successful flight test of the Jupiter lightweight, high explosive warhead.

1958 July 17 - . 17:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NN8.54F.
  • Test / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1959 July 17 - .
  • Birth of Dr Janet Lynn Kavandi - . Nation: USA. Summary: American chemist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-91, STS-99, STS-104. Chemist..

1959 July 17 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp. LV Configuration: Nike Asp NN8.66. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1960 July 17 - . 04:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Akita. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8. LV Configuration: Kappa 8 K-8-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1962 July 17 - .
  • Nuclear blasts to clear inner radiation belts for Apollo - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Van Allen. Program: Apollo. In an address to the American Rocket Society lunar missions meeting in Cleveland, Ohio, James A. Van Allen, Chairman of the Department of Physics and Astronomy, State University of Iowa, said that protons of the inner radiation belt could be a serious hazard for extended manned space flight and that nuclear detonations might be able to clean out these inner belt protons, perhaps for a prolonged period, making possible manned orbits about 300 miles above the earth.

1962 July 17 - . 17:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-7-14.
  • X-15A MH-96 Demo test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi). Summary: FAI world altitude record. Maximum Speed - 6166 kph. Maximum Altitude - 95940 m. First astronaut wings flight (USAF definition)..

1963 July 17 - .
  • Rudenko meets Odintsev - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Tereshkova; Rudenko. Rudenko meets Odintsev but does not give him the word of his removal directly. The decision will wreck Odintsev's career - his next assignment would have been command of an Air Army. Odintsev fretted over the number of stars on his uniform and fawned over academics -- he never looked after his own people, which would have prevented things coming to this.

1963 July 17 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC21/1. Launch Pad: LC21/pad?. LV Family: Mace. Launch Vehicle: Mace. LV Configuration: Mace 59-4981.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1964 July 17 - . 05:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Carnarvon. Launch Complex: Carnarvon CARN. Launch Vehicle: HAD. LV Configuration: HAD 137.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1964 July 17 - . 08:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC13. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena D. LV Configuration: Atlas Agena D 216D / Agena D 1802.
  • Vela 3 - . Payload: Vela 2A / OPS 3662. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Nuclear detection surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Vela. USAF Sat Cat: 836 . COSPAR: 1964-040A. Apogee: 104,101 km (64,685 mi). Perigee: 102,500 km (63,600 mi). Inclination: 39.1000 deg. Period: 6,024.80 min. Summary: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • TRS 6 - . Payload: ERS 13. Mass: 12 kg (26 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: TRS. Decay Date: 1966-07-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 838 . COSPAR: 1964-040C. Apogee: 104,665 km (65,035 mi). Perigee: 217 km (134 mi). Inclination: 36.7000 deg. Period: 2,366.20 min. Summary: Decay date suspect Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • Vela 4 - . Payload: Vela 2B / OPS 3674. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Nuclear detection surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Vela. USAF Sat Cat: 837 . COSPAR: 1964-040B. Apogee: 114,000 km (70,000 mi). Perigee: 92,103 km (57,230 mi). Inclination: 40.8000 deg. Period: 6,004.30 min. Summary: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..

1964 July 17 - . 08:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache Missile compression.
  • REDLAMP Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1965 July 17 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC131. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. LV Configuration: UR-100 229420-01. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1965 July 17 - . 05:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena D SLV-2A/D. LV Configuration: Thor SLV-2A Agena D 422 / Agena D SS-01B 2702.
  • OPS 8411 - . Payload: Ferret 8 / Agena D 2702. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Ferret. Decay Date: 1968-12-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 1447 . COSPAR: 1965-055A. Apogee: 512 km (318 mi). Perigee: 471 km (292 mi). Inclination: 70.2000 deg. Period: 94.50 min.

1966 July 17 - . 00:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.291CM.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1966 July 17 - . 02:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-18.
  • Ionosphere / solar / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 326 km (202 mi).

1966 July 17 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.292CM.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi).

1966 July 17 - . 06:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.293CM.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 199 km (123 mi).

1966 July 17 - . 08:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.294CM.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 July 17 - . 09:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.295CM.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1967 July 17 - . 16:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC162/36. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: R-36-O. LV Configuration: R-36O 8K69 Ya22500 No. 11L.
  • Cosmos 169 - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Orbital bombing system. Spacecraft: OGCh. Decay Date: 1967-07-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 2878 . COSPAR: 1967-069A. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Perigee: 135 km (83 mi). Inclination: 49.7000 deg. Period: 87.80 min. Summary: Fractional Orbital Bombardment system test..

1968 July 17 - . 08:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.294GM.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1968 July 17 - . 09:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.295GM.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1969 July 17 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1970 July 17 - .
  • HL-10 Flight 37 - . Crew: Hoag. Payload: HL-10 flight 37. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Hoag. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: HL-10. Summary: Maximum Speed - 803 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13716 m. Flight Time - 252 sec..

1971 July 17 - . 04:53 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170. LV Configuration: Aerobee 170 KP3.39.
  • Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: KPNO. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1971 July 17 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 628. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 July 17 - .
  • Skylab Orbital Workshop all-systems test begun. - . Nation: USA. Program: Skylab. Spacecraft: Skylab. An Orbital Workshop all-systems test began on 17 July 1972 and was completed on 7 August 1972 at McDonnell Douglas' Huntington Beach Vehicle Checkout Laboratory. Following the test, which lasted 309 hours, a meeting was held to verify that the OWS all-systems test had been successfully completed. At the conclusion of the meeting, it was agreed that pending closeout of the test anomalies, all test requirements had been satisfied.

1973 July 17 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL1291.
  • Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1973 July 17 - . 15:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.416GM.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1973 July 17 - . 16:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.417GM.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1973 July 17 - . 17:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart. LV Configuration: Viper-Dart E 1-6685.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1973 July 17 - . 22:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.61UA.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 724 km (449 mi).

1974 July 17 - .
  • Shuttle propulsion test article assembly starts. - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Summary: Start long-lead fabrication (MPTA-098).

1975 July 17 - .
  • ASTP - The 'Handshake in Space'. - . Nation: USA. Program: ASTP. Flight: Soyuz 19 (ASTP); Apollo (ASTP). Summary: Apollo and Soyuz successfully dock and members of the American and Russian crews shake hands in space for the first time. With the Soviet-American détente crumbling, it will be the last such docking for 20 years.. Additional Details: ASTP - The 'Handshake in Space'..

1975 July 17 - . 09:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 750 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 15. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1976-01-30 . Decay Date: 1977-09-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 8036 . COSPAR: 1975-067A. Apogee: 803 km (498 mi). Perigee: 272 km (169 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 95.40 min. Summary: Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1976 July 17 - . 06:10 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 AC SL1402.
  • DLR H-GR-77 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 256 km (159 mi).

1977 July 17 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K. LV Configuration: Proton-K 293-02.
  • Cosmos 929 - . Payload: TKS s/n 16101. Mass: 19,000 kg (41,000 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Almaz. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft: TKS . Duration: 199.62 days. Decay Date: 1978-02-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 10146 . COSPAR: 1977-066A. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi). Perigee: 226 km (140 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. First test of TKS manned shuttle. Maneuvered extensively. TKS-VA capsule returned to earth August 16, 1977. Deorbited February 2, 1978.
    Maneuver Summary:
    214 km X 261 km orbit to 215 km X 279 km orbit. Delta V: 5 m/s
    207 km X 261 km orbit to 208 km X 264 km orbit. Delta V: 1 m/s
    208 km X 260 km orbit to 209 km X 267 km orbit. Delta V: 2 m/s
    192 km X 222 km orbit to 219 km X 232 km orbit. Delta V: 9 m/s
    219 km X 232 km orbit to 303 km X 327 km orbit. Delta V: 51 m/s
    303 km X 327 km orbit to 312 km X 318 km orbit. Delta V: 4 m/s
    312 km X 319 km orbit to 314 km X 325 km orbit. Delta V: 1 m/s
    284 km X 294 km orbit to 290 km X 301 km orbit. Delta V: 3 m/s
    288 km X 300 km orbit to 286 km X 305 km orbit. Delta V: 1 m/s
    285 km X 303 km orbit to 439 km X 447 km orbit. Delta V: 84 m/s
    437 km X 448 km orbit to 335 km X 437 km orbit. Delta V: 31 m/s
    335 km X 437 km orbit to 337 km X 438 km orbit. Delta V: 1 m/s
    337 km X 438 km orbit to 90 km X 337 km orbit. Delta V: 100 m/s
    Total Delta V: 193/293 m/s
    Officially: Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space.

1978 July 17 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Thule AFB. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1979 July 17 - . 12:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas NASA 15.195GM.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1980 July 17 - . 13:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki FLIGHT 275 /TN1-.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1981 July 17 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1283 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-07-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 12598 . COSPAR: 1981-067A. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi). Perigee: 169 km (105 mi). Inclination: 82.4000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Summary: Medium resolution photo surveillance; film capsule; also performed earth resources tasks. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1984 July 17 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U2.
  • Soyuz T-12 - . Call Sign: Pamir (Pamir mountains). Crew: Dzhanibekov; Savitskaya; Volk. Backup Crew: Ivanova; Savinykh; Vasyutin. Payload: Soyuz T s/n 18L. Mass: 7,020 kg (15,470 lb). Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Dzhanibekov; Savitskaya; Volk; Ivanova; Savinykh; Vasyutin. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 7. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Salyut 7 EP-4; Salyut 7 EO-3. Spacecraft: Soyuz T. Duration: 11.80 days. Decay Date: 1984-07-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 15119 . COSPAR: 1984-073A. Apogee: 218 km (135 mi). Perigee: 192 km (119 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Summary: Docked with Salyut 7. Transported a crew comprising ship's commander V A Dzhanibekov, flight engineer S E Savitskaya and cosmonaut-research I P Volk to the Salyut-7 orbital station to conduct scientific and technical studies and experiments..

1985 July 17 - . 01:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78M-ML.
  • Molniya 3-25 - . Payload: Molniya-3 s/n 37. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Molniya-3. Decay Date: 2002-09-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 15909 . COSPAR: 1985-061A. Apogee: 38,334 km (23,819 mi). Perigee: 1,797 km (1,116 mi). Inclination: 64.7000 deg. Period: 713.30 min. Summary: Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio communications system in the USSR; transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to stations in the Orbita network and within the framework of international cooperation. .

1986 July 17 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1764 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 56.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-09-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 16861 . COSPAR: 1986-053A. Apogee: 339 km (210 mi). Perigee: 171 km (106 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1987 July 17 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A FALLING SPHERE.
  • MAC-SINE S-F25 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1989 July 17 - . 19:22 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.122UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1990 July 17 - . 09:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Resurs F-07 - . Payload: Resurs-F2 17F42 s/n 5. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Resurs F2. Duration: 30.00 days. Decay Date: 1990-08-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 20687 . COSPAR: 1990-060A. Apogee: 236 km (146 mi). Perigee: 177 km (109 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Summary: Investigation of the natural resources of the Earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR; solution of problems relating to ecology and international cooperation. .

1990 July 17 - . 13:06 GMT - .
  • EVA Mir EO-6-1 - . Crew: Solovyov; Balandin. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.30 days. Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Solovyov; Balandin. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Flight: Mir EO-6. Spacecraft: Mir. Summary: Repaired Soyuz TM-9 insulation rip..

1991 July 17 - . 01:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 40. LV Configuration: Ariane 40 V44.
  • ERS 1 - . Mass: 2,384 kg (5,255 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources radar satellite. Spacecraft: ERS 1-2. USAF Sat Cat: 21574 . COSPAR: 1991-050A. Apogee: 775 km (481 mi). Perigee: 774 km (480 mi). Inclination: 98.5000 deg. Period: 100.30 min. Microwave, IR imaging of oceans, ice and land; SAR. ERS-1 was an Earth exploration satellite, using active and passive sensors for oceanography etc. Frequency plan: 2048.85/2225 MHz (TTC), 7225.2960/8489 MHz (PRARE), 8040, 8140 MHz (data transmission). Launch time 0146:31 UT. Designator ESA/91/02.
  • Tubsat-A - . Payload: Tubsat A. Mass: 38 kg (83 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: Orbcomm. Program: Tubsat. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Tubsat. USAF Sat Cat: 21577 . COSPAR: 1991-050D. Apogee: 772 km (479 mi). Perigee: 762 km (473 mi). Inclination: 98.5000 deg. Period: 100.20 min. Tubsat-A was the first satellite built at Germany's Technical University of Berlin was intended primarily to test attitude control subsystems and give students practice in the design, construction and operation of a satellite. Tubsat-A was launched piggyback with the first ERS mission, and because of it's near polar orbit, the spacecraft became an important communications tool for arctic and Antarctic expeditions. The spacecraft also acted as a testbed for some industry technology including GaAs cells and a transputer. Payload: Star Sensor, Sun Sensor, 3-Axis Magnetic Field Sensor, Magnetorquer, Store & Forward Communication. Dimensions: 38x38x38 cm. Mass: 35 kg. Still in operation as of 2003.
  • Orbcomm-X - . Payload: ERS 1 Orbcomm X. Mass: 22 kg (48 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: ESIEESPA. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Orbcomm. USAF Sat Cat: 21576 . COSPAR: 1991-050C. Apogee: 771 km (479 mi). Perigee: 764 km (474 mi). Inclination: 98.5000 deg. Period: 100.20 min. Summary: Store and forward communication..
  • SARA - . Mass: 26 kg (57 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Surrey. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: SARA. USAF Sat Cat: 21578 . COSPAR: 1991-050E. Apogee: 764 km (474 mi). Perigee: 756 km (469 mi). Inclination: 98.5000 deg. Period: 100.00 min. Summary: Radioastronomy..
  • Oscar 22 - . Payload: UoSAT 5. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: TUB. Manufacturer: Surrey. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft: MicroSat-70. USAF Sat Cat: 21575 . COSPAR: 1991-050B. Apogee: 772 km (479 mi). Perigee: 759 km (471 mi). Inclination: 98.5000 deg. Period: 100.20 min. Summary: Customer: SateLife. Carried store and forward communications and Earth observation payloads, replacing those lost on UoSAT-4. Still operational in 2000..

1991 July 17 - . 17:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Arguello WADZ. Launch Pad: 36.0 N x 123.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: Pegasus/HAPS. LV Configuration: Pegasus/HAPS 002/F2. Failed Stage: G.
  • Microsat 1 - . Payload: Microsat 1 / ... / Microsat 7. Mass: 22 kg (48 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Microsat. Decay Date: 1992-01-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 21580 . COSPAR: 1991-051A. Apogee: 454 km (282 mi). Perigee: 356 km (221 mi). Inclination: 82.0000 deg. Period: 92.70 min. Summary: Test of LEO network for global communications..
  • Microsat 2 - . Mass: 22 kg (48 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Microsat. Decay Date: 1992-01-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 21581 . COSPAR: 1991-051B. Apogee: 454 km (282 mi). Perigee: 355 km (220 mi). Inclination: 82.0000 deg. Period: 92.70 min. Summary: Test of LEO network for global communications..
  • Microsat 3 - . Mass: 22 kg (48 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Microsat. Decay Date: 1992-01-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 21582 . COSPAR: 1991-051C. Apogee: 454 km (282 mi). Perigee: 355 km (220 mi). Inclination: 82.0000 deg. Period: 92.70 min. Summary: Test of LEO network for global communications..
  • Microsat 4 - . Mass: 22 kg (48 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Microsat. Decay Date: 1992-01-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 21583 . COSPAR: 1991-051D. Apogee: 454 km (282 mi). Perigee: 355 km (220 mi). Inclination: 82.0000 deg. Period: 92.70 min. Summary: Test of LEO network for global communications..
  • Microsat 5 - . Mass: 22 kg (48 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Microsat. Decay Date: 1992-01-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 21584 . COSPAR: 1991-051E. Apogee: 455 km (282 mi). Perigee: 355 km (220 mi). Inclination: 82.0000 deg. Period: 92.70 min. Summary: Test of LEO network for global communications..
  • Microsat 6 - . Mass: 22 kg (48 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Microsat. Decay Date: 1992-01-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 21585 . COSPAR: 1991-051F. Apogee: 454 km (282 mi). Perigee: 355 km (220 mi). Inclination: 82.0000 deg. Period: 92.70 min. Summary: Test of LEO network for global communications..
  • Microsat 7 - . Mass: 22 kg (48 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Microsat. Decay Date: 1992-01-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 21586 . COSPAR: 1991-051G. Apogee: 452 km (280 mi). Perigee: 358 km (222 mi). Inclination: 82.0000 deg. Period: 92.70 min. Summary: Test of LEO network for global communications..

1993 July 17 - .
  • Death of Vladimir Pavlovich Barmin - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Barmin. Summary: Russian chief designer. Chief Designer 1941-1993 of GSKB SpetsMash; pre-eminent Soviet designer of rocket launch complexes..

1994 July 17 - .
  • Mir News 220: Progress-M24 - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Mir EO-16; Mir LD-4. The launch of this freighter has been put back. Originally 2 Progress-M's had to be launched in the period July/August 1994. The Russians had to give up one of the Progress-Ms for economical reasons. Now the Progress-M24 is on schedule to be launched on 24.08.94. Progress-M24 will deliver the normal cargo to the Mir-complex plus the equipment to be used by an European cosmonaut (Ulf Merbold or Pedro Duque) during the EuroMir94 mission in October 1994.

    Soyuz-TM19: This ship is still docked to the aft (Kvant-1) port of the Mir-station. Contrary to the normal practice S- TM19 will not be redocked to the forward (PKhO) docking port of the complex.

    EuroMir94: The Soyuz-TM20 with on board the relief crew (Viktorenko and Kondakova or the stand-in crew Gidzhenko and Avdeyev) with an ESA-cosmonaut (Ulf Merbold or Pedro Duque) is on schedule for launch on 3.10.94. The European cosmonaut will remain on board Mir for a period of 30 days. The training of the crews takes place in Starcity near Moscow as well as in the European Astronaut Centre of ESA in Cologne. In Moscow they have to study the Russian language and to get familiar with the Soyuz-TM and the Mir-space station and its modules and in Cologne the training is aimed at the European experiments, which for the greater part will cover life-sciences, i.e. monitoring the human body in microgravity conditions.

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202


1995 July 17 - .
  • Spektr module moved to final location on Mir - . Nation: Russia. Flight: Mir EO-19. Spacecraft: Spektr. Summary: The module was transferred by the small manipulator arm on Mir to its final location at the Mir transfer compartment's starboard radial port..

1997 July 17 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1997 July 17 - .
1999 July 17 - .
  • Mayflower aerodynamic mndel tests. - . Nation: USA. Program: X-Prize. Summary: Advent Launch Systems (Houston, Texas, USA) successfully tests aerodynamic engineering prototype model..

1999 July 17 - . 06:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC45/1. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-2. LV Configuration: Zenit-2 17L.
  • Okean-O - . Payload: Okean-O no. 1. Mass: 4,360 kg (9,610 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Yuzhnoye. Program: Okean. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Okean-O. USAF Sat Cat: 25860 . COSPAR: 1999-039A. Apogee: 649 km (403 mi). Perigee: 648 km (402 mi). Inclination: 97.9000 deg. Period: 97.70 min. First of a new generation of larger Okean oceanographic satellites, carried a side-looking radar (RSL-BO), and a set of visible and infrared scanners and radiometers. It is built by the Ukrainian Yuzhnoye company and is a joint project of the Russian Aviation/Space Agency (RAKA) and the Ukrainian National Space Agency (NKAU).

2000 July 17 - . 06:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.143UE.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

2001 July 17 - .
  • STS-104 Mission Status Report #12 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gernhardt; Helms; Hobaugh; Kavandi; Reilly; Voss. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2; STS-104. The combined crews of the Space Shuttle Atlantis and the International Space Station will focus their efforts tonight on the mission's second spacewalk. During the 5½-hour spacewalk, scheduled to begin around 9:30 p.m., Atlantis Mission Specialists Mike Gernhardt and Jim Reilly will work with the Expedition Two crew in the installation of two high-pressure gas tanks on the station's new Quest airlock. Additional Details: STS-104 Mission Status Report #12.

2002 July 17 - . 08:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3. LV Configuration: Minuteman 3 GT177GM.
  • GT177GM Functional Dependency gate operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSPC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

2003 July 17 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. Launch Pad: SLC41. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 521. LV Configuration: Atlas V 521 AV-003.
  • Rainbow 1 (Cablevision 1) - . Payload: A2100AX. Mass: 4,328 kg (9,541 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Cablevision. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 2100. USAF Sat Cat: 27852 . COSPAR: 2003-033A. Apogee: 35,795 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Delayed from May 8 As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 61.68W drifting at 0.011W degrees per day..

2006 July 17 - . 13:14 GMT - .
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