Encyclopedia Astronautica
July 27


July 27 Chronology


1913 July 27 - .
  • Birth of Salomon E 'Sol' Chavez - . Nation: USA. Summary: Hispanic-American engineer. Atlas missile test supervisor, 1958-1973..

1924 July 27 - .
  • Birth of Zhuang Yuzhi - . Nation: China. Summary: Chinese Engineer. Metallurgist, developed materials for China's first recoverable satellites..

1934 July 27 - .
  • Von Braun receives doctorate. - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: von Braun. His public doctoral thesis, "About Combustion Tests," was completed in very little time (one source states that he joined the SS at this time). The actual thesis was later revealed to be a classified Army document. This dissertation, "Construction, Theoretical, and Experimental Solution to the Problem of the Liquid Propellant Rocket", was dated 16 April 1934 but did not surface until 70 years later. It detailed the construction and design of the A2 rocket that would fly later that year.

1935 July 27 - .
  • Birth of Norman R Augustine - . Nation: USA. Summary: American engineer. Chairman and CEO of the Martin Marietta Corporation in the 1980s..

1947 July 27 - .
  • Kapustin Yar established. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Council of Soviet Ministers (SM) Decree 'On establishment of GTsP-4 at Kapustin Yar' was issued..

1949 July 27 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 121 - . Crew: Champine. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 51. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Champine. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Summary: NACA flight 31. Spanwise pressure distribution, stability and control. Rolls, pull-ups, check of stabilizer effectiveness..

1951 July 27 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2. LV Configuration: R-2 II-13.
  • Second series test launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Summary: Thirteenth and last launch of the second series. 12 of the 13 reached their targets..

1951 July 27 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • Hermes A3A model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1953 July 27 - .
  • Korean armistice signed - . Nation: USA.

1954 July 27 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 1827E.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 July 27 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC3. LV Family: Bomarc. Launch Vehicle: Bomarc. LV Configuration: Bomarc 623-12. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1956 July 27 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC3. LV Family: X-17. Launch Vehicle: X-17. LV Configuration: X-17 R-3 4203-4. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1956 July 27 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 29.5 N x 121.6 W. Launch Platform: LSD-18. LV Family: Rockoon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Rockoon. LV Configuration: Deacon Rockoon NN5.36.
  • NRL NN5.36 Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi). Summary: Launched on 1956 NRL Cruise Launch Point 10 - Latitude: 29.53 N, Longitude:121.62 W..

1957 July 27 - . 02:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1958 July 27 - . 15:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1960 July 27 - . 10:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.425.
  • Firefly DOLLY Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1961 July 27 - .
1961 July 27 - . 15:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31A. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1A 403.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1962 July 27 - .
  • First Zero-G training on Tu-104 - . Nation: USSR. Program: Vostok. Flight: Vostok 3; Vostok 4. Summary: The Soviets conduct their first cosmonaut zero-G training on an aircraft flying parabolic trajectories. 6 to 25 seconds of weightlessness is experienced on each manoeuvre..

1962 July 27 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury Atlas launch vehicle No. 113-D accepted - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Summary: Atlas launch vehicle No. 113-D was inspected at Convair and accepted for the Mercury-Atlas 8 (MA-8) manned orbital mission..

1962 July 27 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 598. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1P-4.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1962 July 27 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 598. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1P-2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1962 July 27 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 598. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1P-1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1962 July 27 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 598. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1P-3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1963 July 27 - .
  • Korolev on future manned space flight plans. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Tereshkova; Korolev; Gagarin. Flight: Vostok 7; Vostok 8; Vostok 9; Vostok 10. Another meeting is held with Korolev on future manned space flight plans. The same plans are presented as have been discussed for over a year - one animal flight, three manned flights for 10 days / to 1000 km. This issue must be resolved. Soyuz will not fly before 1965 - therefore Vostok must be flown or there will no Soviet manned spaceflights in 1964. In reality Soyuz is likely to be delayed, and 6 to 8 Vostoks are needed, not just 4. Equipment to be tested on the flights included soft landing equipment, a back-up retrofire engine, long-range communications systems, and scientific experiments. The physicians are too conservative - zero-G is obviously not as big an issue as thought. There should be nothing to prevent flight of non-pilot passengers. Korolev points out that if the cosmonaut is consumed by fear, or if any serious problem arises, as long as you can survive for an hour an emergency return to earth can be made. Within an hour the passenger will be in Cuba or Vladivostok. Kamanin would like Gagarin to be appointed next head of the cosmonaut centre, but this is opposed by Rudnev and Vershinin. Tereshkova has talked to Khrushchev - he's now supporting award of a Hero of the Soviet Union medal to Nikitin.

1963 July 27 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Operational test launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1963 July 27 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1A 514.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1963 July 27 - . 00:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun K-63-1.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: RTG. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1964 July 27 - .
  • Space simulator plans - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: TMK-1; TMK-E; LK-1; Soyuz A; Soyuz 7K-LOK; LK. A two-day conference is held at IAKM to review requirements for trainers and task simulators over the next 6 to 7 years. The plan includes basic instructional versions of planned spacecraft, trainers for flying around the moon, and a mock-up of the TMK Heavy Interplanetary Spacecraft. These will require a new facility of to 7,000 square metres. Trainers and strands at TsPK will be housed in building D, a hangar-type facility. The TBK-60 thermal/barometric chamber will be housed in a single hangar. To fully specify TsPK trainers and stands for the lunar mission, trainers for space navigation, and military combat spacecraft will not be completed until 1965.

1964 July 27 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1A 617.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 July 27 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 1. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV. LV Configuration: Athena D005. FAILURE: Failure.
  • USAF D005 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1965 July 27 - . 03:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-13.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 317 km (196 mi).

1966 July 27 - .
  • VPK Meeting - L1 delays - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Vershinin; Chelomei; Mishin; Voronin; Severin. Program: Lunar L1. Flight: Soyuz 7K-L1 mission 1. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1. Marshal Vershinin attends the meeting, where it is revealed that all systems in development - Chelomei's, Mishin's, Voronin's, Severin's, and others - are seriously behind schedule. The first unmanned circumlunar test of the L1 was to be made by 15 April 1967, but it seems unlikely it will even be completed by the end of 1967.

1966 July 27 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NRL NE3.190.
  • Heliograph XUV-H1? Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi).

1967 July 27 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Vehicle: S-225. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Dummy test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1967 July 27 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 92D. FAILURE: Partial Failure.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • OV1-08S - . Mass: 118 kg (260 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF OAR. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: OV1. Decay Date: 1972-02-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 2893 . COSPAR: 1967-072A. Apogee: 557 km (346 mi). Perigee: 529 km (328 mi). Inclination: 101.6000 deg. Period: 95.50 min. Summary: Carried cosmic ray telescope. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • OV1-11 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft: OV1. Decay Date: 1972-02-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 2893 . COSPAR: 1967-072xx. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi). Perigee: 144 km (89 mi). Inclination: 101.7000 deg. Period: 87.40 min. Summary: OV-1 11 did not reach orbit..
  • OV1-12S - . Mass: 140 kg (300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF OAR. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: OV1. Decay Date: 1980-07-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 2901 . COSPAR: 1967-072D. Apogee: 579 km (359 mi). Perigee: 497 km (308 mi). Inclination: 101.7000 deg. Period: 95.40 min. Summary: Solar flare observations. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1968 July 27 - . 03:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.236UG.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1968 July 27 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.225UG.
  • Stellar X-ray X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1968 July 27 - . 17:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1969 July 27 - . 21:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 45.0 N x 46.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1969 July 27 - . 22:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 45.0 N x 46.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1969 July 27 - . 23:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 45.0 N x 46.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1970 July 27 - .
  • Titov in trouble again. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Titov. Summary: Titov has been in another automobile accident, and has again been prohibited from driving..

1970 July 27 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100M.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 July 27 - . 04:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1. LV Configuration: Skylark 1 S65/2.
  • ESRO S65 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1970 July 27 - . 04:37 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.259GG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1970 July 27 - . 06:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170. LV Configuration: Aerobee 170 CRL A04.004-1.
  • MAP II Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1971 July 27 - . 13:18 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170. LV Configuration: Aerobee 170 NASA 13.52UA.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 July 27 - .
1972 July 27 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170. LV Configuration: Aerobee 170 NASA 13.31US.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1973 July 27 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 51 km (31 mi).

1976 July 27 - . 05:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. Launch Pad: LC132/2?. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53746-307.
  • Cosmos 845 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-11-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 9053 . COSPAR: 1976-075A. Apogee: 597 km (370 mi). Perigee: 487 km (302 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.40 min. Summary: Replaced Cosmos 812. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1976 July 27 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53746-316.
  • Intercosmos 16 - . Payload: DS-U3-IK s/n 6. Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: IKI. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U3-IK. Completed Operations Date: 1976-11-13 . Decay Date: 1979-07-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 9055 . COSPAR: 1976-076A. Apogee: 517 km (321 mi). Perigee: 464 km (288 mi). Inclination: 50.6000 deg. Period: 94.40 min. Summary: Investigation of the ultraviolet and X-ray radiation of the Sun and the influence of such radiation on the structure of the Earth's upper atmosphere..

1977 July 27 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.31UH.
  • SAO XR X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1977 July 27 - . 05:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.21UH.
  • Wolter I X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1977 July 27 - . 18:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 934 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1977-08-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 10164 . COSPAR: 1977-072A. Apogee: 255 km (158 mi). Perigee: 231 km (143 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1978 July 27 - . 04:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53716-313.
  • Cosmos 1027 - . Mass: 920 kg (2,020 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Tsiklon. USAF Sat Cat: 10991 . COSPAR: 1978-074A. Apogee: 998 km (620 mi). Perigee: 957 km (594 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Summary: Military navigation satellite..

1978 July 27 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. Launch Pad: LC29/pad?. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3TK P-1.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 July 27 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1118 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-08-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 11465 . COSPAR: 1979-069A. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi). Perigee: 210 km (130 mi). Inclination: 81.3000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. Zenit-2M area survey photo reconnaissance satellite used for earth resources studies as part of 'Gektor-Priroda' project. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.

1981 July 27 - . 14:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 49 km (30 mi).

1982 July 27 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1396 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1982-08-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 13391 . COSPAR: 1982-075A. Apogee: 294 km (182 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1983 July 27 - . 14:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1984 July 27 - . 08:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1584 - . Payload: Zenit-8 / Oblik no. 1. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1984-08-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 15131 . COSPAR: 1984-076A. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi). Perigee: 178 km (110 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 88.70 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule; also performed earth resources tasks; possibly stranded in bad orbit. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.

1986 July 27 - . 00:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki PWN-12A Robin.
1987 July 27 - . 06:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.53GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1987 July 27 - . 17:27 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.107US.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1988 July 27 - . 05:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.120UE.
  • TR 2 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1988 July 27 - . 05:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk Nike. LV Configuration: Taurus Nike Tomahawk NASA 38.07UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1988 July 27 - . 09:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. LV Configuration: Soyuz 11A511U 78039130. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Resurs-F1 14F43 - . Payload: Resurs-F1 14F43 No. 30. Nation: USSR. Agency: UNKS. Program: Resurs. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-14F43. COSPAR: F880727A.

1991 July 27 - . 08:44 GMT - .
1992 July 27 - . 06:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U2.
  • Soyuz TM-15 - . Call Sign: Rodnik (Spring - water spring). Crew: Avdeyev; Solovyov; Tognini. Backup Crew: Haignere; Manakov; Polishchuk. Payload: Soyuz TM 11F732 s/n 65. Mass: 7,150 kg (15,760 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Avdeyev; Solovyov; Tognini; Haignere; Manakov; Polishchuk. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Mir EO-12; Mir Antares; Mir EO-11. Spacecraft: Soyuz TM. Duration: 188.90 days. Decay Date: 1993-02-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 22054 . COSPAR: 1992-046A. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi). Perigee: 196 km (121 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Mir Expedition EO-12. Russian astronauts Solovyov and Avdeev and French astronaut Tognini were inserted into an initial 190 x 200 km orbit inclined 51.6 deg. Later on July 27 they maneuvered to a 223 x 343 km orbit, and on July 28 docked with Mir in its 405 x 410 km orbit.

1993 July 27 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse CE. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9CM1.
  • BLANC Imaging mission - . Nation: France. Agency: Toulouse. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1996 July 27 - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Mini-DUSTY MD01 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: ARR. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1999 July 27 - . 22:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB NASA 21.122GE.
  • ICON Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

2000 July 27 - .
  • NASA Astronaut Training Group 18 selected. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Antonelli; Barratt; Behnken; Boe; Bowen; Drew; Feustel; Ford; Garan; Good; Hurley; Kopra; McArthur, Megan; Nyberg; Stott; Virts; Wilmore. The group was selected to provide pilot, engineer, and scientist astronauts for space shuttle flights.. Qualifications: Pilots: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics. Advanced degree desirable. At least 1,000 flight-hours of pilot-in-command time. Flight test experience desirable. Excellent health. Vision minimum 20/50 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20 vision; maximum sitting blood pressure 140/90. Height between 163 and 193 cm.

    Mission Specialists: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics and minimum three years of related experience or an advanced degree. Vision minimum 20/150 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20. Maximum sitting blood pressure of 140/90. Height between 150 and 193 cm.. Seven pilots and ten mission specialists; 14 men and 3 women.


2001 July 27 - . 08:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. Launch Vehicle: Peacekeeper. LV Configuration: Peacekeeper 30PA. FAILURE: ICBM was destroyed during flight.
  • 9 RVs Functional Dependency gate operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSPC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: FDEP. The Peackeeper ICBM was destroyed during flight and did not reach its planned 1000 km apogee..

2005 July 27 - .
2009 July 27 - .
  • EVA STS-127-5 - . Crew: Marshburn; Cassidy. EVA Type: Extravehicular activity. EVA Duration: 0.20 days. Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-127; ISS EO-20; ISS EO-19. Summary: SPDM thermal cover adjustment, Z1 patch panel reconfiguration, JEM visual equipment (JEM-VE) installation (forward and aft), and JEM-LTA reconfigurations. S3 Nadir PAS (outboard) deployment postponed to later mission..

2010 July 27 - .
  • EVA ISS EO-24-1 - . Crew: Yurchikhin; Korniyenko. EVA Type: Extravehicular activity. EVA Duration: 0.28 days. Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-24; ISS EO-23. Summary: Prepared Rassvet module to allow future Russian vehicles to dock using Kurs automated rendezvous system capability. Routed and mated command and data handling cables on Zvezda and Zarya modules..

2011 July 27 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: K-84. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva.
  • RV x ? - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Test mission. Launched from the Barents Sea to the Kura test range..
  • GT205 RV - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). Summary: Test mission. Destroyed over the Pacific five minutes into flight..

Home - Browse - Contact
© / Conditions for Use