Encyclopedia Astronautica
July 30


July 30 Chronology


1610 July 30 - .
  • Galileo Observes Saturn's Rings - . Nation: Italy.

1907 July 30 - .
  • Birth of Bernhardt L Dorman - . Nation: USA. Summary: Jewish-American engineer. Key Aerojet employee, 1943-1972..

1938 July 30 - .
  • Seth Nicholson's Discovery of Jupiter Moon Carme - . Nation: USA.

1946 July 30 - . 19:36 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 9.
  • Chemical release / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; APL. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi). Summary: Launched 12:40 local time. Reached 161.9 km. Carried cosmic radiation, ionosphere (Naval Research Lab); and biological (Harvard) experiments for Applied Physics Lab, John Hopkins University..

1947 July 30 - . 00:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 30.
  • Chemical release / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; APL. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi). Summary: Launched 05:55 local time. Reached 161.1 km. Carried cosmic and solar radiation, photo experiments for Applied Physics Lab, John Hopkins University..

1948 July 30 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 20R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 July 30 - .
  • Langley study of the problems of manned space flight. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: X-15A. Preliminary studies were completed by C. E. Brown, W. J. O'Sullivan, Jr., and C. H. Zimmerman at the Langley Aeronautical Laboratory relative to the study of the problems of manned space flight and a suggested test vehicle to investigate these problems. One of the possibilities considered from the outset of the effort in mid-1952 was modification of the X-2 airplane to attain greater speeds and altitudes of the order of 200,000 feet. It was believed that such a vehicle could not only resolve some of the aerodynamic heating problems, but also that the altitude objective would provide an environment with a minimum atmospheric density, representing many problems of outer space flight. However, there was already a feeling among many NACA scientists that the speed and altitude exploratory area should be raised. In fact, a resolution to this effect, presented as early as July 1952, stated that '. . . the NACA devote . . . effort to problems of unmanned and manned flights at altitudes from 50 miles to infinity and at speeds from mach 10 to the velocity of escape from the earth's gravity.' The Executive Committee of NACA actually adopted this resolution as an objective on July 14, 1952.

1953 July 30 - .
  • Birth of Aleksandr Nikolayevich Balandin - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Russian engineer cosmonaut. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO. Flew on Mir EO-6. Left cosmonaut corps for medical reasons and returned to NPO Energia until departing in 1994. Then President of Lendint-Association until 2000..

1954 July 30 - .
  • X-1A Flight 21 - . Crew: Murray. Payload: X-1A flight 21. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Murray. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: X-1A. Summary: AF flight 15. Date estimated..

1954 July 30 - .
1955 July 30 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11FM.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1957 July 30 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AM6.32. FAILURE: Failure.
  • UM AM6.32 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1958 July 30 - .
  • Test subject withstood a 20g load on the centrifuge using Langley contour couch. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Faget. Spacecraft: Mercury. By using the development model of the Mercury contour couch designed by Maxime A. Faget and associates, Carter C. Collins withstood a 20g load on the centrifuge at Johnsville, Pennsylvania. This test proved that the reentry accelerations of manned space flight could be withstood.

1959 July 30 - .
  • Contract to Western Electric for the Mercury tracking and ground instrumentation system. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Summary: Letter Contract NASA 1-430 was awarded to the Western Electric Company for construction of the Mercury tracking and ground instrumentation system..

1959 July 30 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: R-7. LV Configuration: R-7 No. 041082.
  • GCh (III) test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 1,350 km (830 mi). Summary: First successful flight of series production model..

1960 July 30 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 598. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1E-4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1961 July 30 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC51. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: Romashka. LV Configuration: R-9 No. E15001-25.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1962 July 30 - . LV Family: Nova; Saturn V.
  • Conclusions on the selection of a lunar mission mode based on studies conducted in 1961 and 1962 - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM; LM Mode Debate; LM Source Selection. The Office of Systems under NASA's Office of Manned Space Flight summarized its conclusions on the selection of a lunar mission mode based on NASA and industry studies conducted in 1961 and 1962:

    • There were no significant technical problems which would preclude the acceptance of any of the modes, if sufficient time and money were available. (The modes considered were the C-5 direct ascent, C-5 earth orbit rendezvous (EOR), C-5 lunar orbit rendezvous (LOR), Nova direct ascent, and solid-fuel Nova direct ascent.)
    • The C-5 direct ascent technique was characterized by high development risk and the least flexibility for further development.
    • The C-5 EOR mode had the lowest probability of mission success and the greatest development complexity.
    • The Nova direct ascent method would require the development of larger launch vehicles than the C-5. However, it would be the least complex from an operational and subsystem standpoint and had greater crew safety and initial mission capabilities than did LOR.
    • The solid-fuel Nova direct flight mode would necessitate a launch vehicle development parallel to the C-5. Such a development could not be financed under current budget allotments.
    • Only the LOR and EOR modes would make full use of the development of the C-5 launch vehicle and the command and service modules. Based on technical considerations, the LOR mode was distinctly preferable.
    • The Directors of MSC and Marshall Space Flight Center had both expressed strong preference for the LOR mode.
    On the basis of these conclusions, the LOR mode was recommended as most suitable for the manned lunar landing mission. (The studies summarized in this document were used by the Manned Space Flight Management Council in their mission mode decision on June 22.)

1962 July 30 - .
1963 July 30 - .
1963 July 30 - . 16:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Blue Scout Jr. LV Configuration: Blue Scout Jr 22-1/AD-622.
  • OAR 22-1 / AFCRL-1 / 21 Plasma / radio astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 11,100 km (6,800 mi).

1963 July 30 - . 18:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576C. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E. LV Configuration: Atlas E 70E.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,600 km (900 mi).

1964 July 30 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2.
  • Gemini missions beyond the 12 originally planned considered. - . Nation: USA. In response to a request from NASA Headquarters, Gemini Program Office (GPO) provided a study for Gemini missions beyond the 12 originally planned. 'The Advanced Gemini Missions Conceptual Study' described 16 further missions, including a space station experiment, a satellite chaser mission, a lifeboat rescue mission, and both a circumlunar and lunar orbiting mission. On February 28, 1965, GPO reported that a preliminary proposal for Gemini follow-on missions to test the land landing system had not been approved. Spare Gemini launch vehicles 13, 14, and 15 were canceled, and there were no current plans for Gemini missions beyond the approved 12-flight program.

1964 July 30 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 629. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3P-32.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1964 July 30 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 629. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3P-14.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1964 July 30 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-D. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2. LV Configuration: Titan II B-28.
  • Cobra Skin - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). Summary: Demonstration and shakedown operations launch.

1964 July 30 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-48.
  • Density Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 311 km (193 mi).

1964 July 30 - . 03:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 36 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 1. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1965-02-27 . Decay Date: 1965-02-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 844 . COSPAR: 1964-042A. Apogee: 488 km (303 mi). Perigee: 253 km (157 mi). Inclination: 49.0000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. Summary: Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1965 July 30 - .
  • Final report on Lockheed modular multipurpose space station. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: LORL. The final report on a modular multipurpose space station was delivered to MSC by the Spacecraft Organization of Lockheed-California Company. The concept provided for a sequential evolution of space vehicles ranging from small Apollo-dependent laboratories, through larger, more versatile laboratories, to a semipermanent space station. Initial objectives of the study were to refine and optimize the design of the large orbital research laboratory. Additional Details: Final report on Lockheed modular multipurpose space station..

1965 July 30 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC37B. LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I. LV Configuration: Saturn I-Blk2 SA-10.
  • Pegasus 3 - . Payload: Pegasus 3. Mass: 10,500 kg (23,100 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Huntsville. Program: Apollo. Class: Earth. Type: Micrometeoroid satellite. Spacecraft: Pegasus. Decay Date: 1969-08-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 1467 . COSPAR: 1965-060A. Apogee: 449 km (278 mi). Perigee: 441 km (274 mi). Inclination: 28.9000 deg. Period: 93.40 min. NASA launched Pegasus 3, third of the meteoroid detection satellites, as scheduled at 8:00 a.m. EST, from Cape Kennedy. As earlier, an Apollo spacecraft (boilerplate 9) served as the payload's shroud. This flight (SA-10) marked the end of the Saturn I program, which during its seven-year lifetime had achieved 10 straight successful launches and had contributed immeasurably to American rocket technology.
  • Apollo-Model 5 - . Payload: Apollo CSM Boilerplate 9A. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar spacecraft. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Structural. Decay Date: 1975-11-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 1468 . COSPAR: 1965-060B. Apogee: 536 km (333 mi). Perigee: 521 km (323 mi). Inclination: 28.8000 deg. Period: 95.21 min.

1966 July 30 - .
  • Beregovoi pushed for Soyuz mission - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Mishin; Rudenko; Beregovoi; Gagarin; Anokhin; Khrunov; Volynov; Shonin; Tsybin; Tyulin; Burnazyan; Keldysh; Malinovskiy; Zakharov; Krylov; Vershinin. Program: Soyuz; Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3; Soyuz 1; Soyuz 2A; Soyuz s/n 3/4. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK; Yastreb. Mishin, Rudenko, and others have met with Beregovoi and support his selection as commander for the first Soyuz mission. Kamanin does not believe he is fit for the assignment, due to his age, his height and weight (that are the limit of the acceptable for the Soyuz). Gagarin reports that during a visit to OKB-1 the day before, he discovered that they were still going all out to prepare their own crews and train their own cosmonauts for Soyuz flights. Kamanin reassures him that the full power of the VVS, the General Staff, and the Ministry of Defence is behind the position that only VVS pilots will command the missions. Mishin is gloating over the latest spacesuit tests. Khrunov tried exiting from the Soyuz hatch in the Tu-104 zero-G aircraft. Using his full dexterity and strength, he had more success than in earlier tests. But Kamanin notes that designing a spacecraft hatch only 10 mm wider than the cosmonaut is hardly the basis for practical spaceflight or training. Later Kamanin plays tennis with Volynov and Shonin. Their Voskhod 3 flight is still not officially cancelled. They have been fully trained for the flight for months now, but no go-ahead is given. On Saturday, Tsybin presents to the General Staff OKB-1's concept for training of engineer cosmonauts. Tyulin, Burnazyan, and Keldysh have approved the plan, except they have substituted VVS engineer cosmonauts for those from OKB-1 for the first Soyuz flights. So this is the result of months of controversy - a position that there is no fundamental opposition to cosmonaut candidates from OKB-1. Kamanin sees the absolute need for his draft letter to be sent from the four Marshals (Malinovskiy, Zakharov, Krylov, and Vershinin) to the Central Committee. Mishin continues to "assist" the situation - it has been two weeks since he promised to submit the names and documentation for his candidates to the VVS, and he has done nothing.

1967 July 30 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun OB6.03C?.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968 July 30 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 234 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 6.00 days. Decay Date: 1968-08-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 3332 . COSPAR: 1968-062A. Apogee: 288 km (178 mi). Perigee: 208 km (129 mi). Inclination: 51.8000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.

1968 July 30 - . 16:07 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 618. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2E. LV Configuration: Polaris A2E A2E.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 July 30 - . 22:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-31.
  • ESRO C20 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1969 July 30 - . Launch Vehicle: UR-700M; UR-900.
  • Soviet manned Mars spacecraft study - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Chelomei. Spacecraft: MK-700; Aelita. As a result of the VPK meeting of 29 May, a decree was issued, instructing Chelomei to complete a draft project within the year for a Mars manned space mission, using as the booster his UR-700M (or UR-900) design, and his MK-700M spacecraft. It was not until August 1997 that Igor Gansvindt revealed that during the 1960's he had developed a system for navigation and guidance for a piloted landing on Mars and its return to earth. This work preceded Aleksei Tolstoy's Aelita project of 1975.

1969 July 30 - . 03:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1970 July 30 - .
  • Soyuz 9 crew debrefing. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Nikolayev; Sevastyanov; Mishin. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 9. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK. Nikolayev and Sevastyanov fly to Sochi to write out their post-flight debriefing. Mishin won't accept that there are problems with sustained zero-G flight, since that would wreck the assumptions on which he has based his DOS station plans. Kamanin believes a series of 30, 50, then 50-plus day flights are needed to investigate and prove human adaptation to space.

1970 July 30 - .
  • Death of Dan Able Kimball - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kimball. Summary: American businessman, Vice President of Sales at General Tire, before becoming Head of Aerojet, 1944-1969, transforming it from an undisciplined group of rocket enthusiasts to the second largest US rocket engine manufacturer..

1970 July 30 - . 08:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 39.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1970 July 30 - . 12:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.72UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 July 30 - . 14:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 39.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1971 July 30 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Micon. Launch Vehicle: Zenit. LV Configuration: Zenit-C Zenit-Cuckoo. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ESRO Z82 / 1 Meteorites mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1971 July 30 - . 08:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 431 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1971-08-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 5364 . COSPAR: 1971-065A. Apogee: 284 km (176 mi). Perigee: 165 km (102 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule..

1971 July 30 - . 11:16 GMT - .
  • Apollo 15 lands near Hadley Rille - . Nation: USA. Flight: Apollo 15. Apollo 15 entered lunar orbit at 4:06 p.m. EDT July 29.

    The LM-10 Falcon, with astronauts Scott and Irwin aboard, undocked and separated from the Endeavor (CSM 112) with astronaut Worden aboard. At 6:16 p.m. EDT July 30, the Falcon landed in the Hadley-Apennine region of the moon 600 meters north-northwest of the proposed target. Additional Details: Apollo 15 lands near Hadley Rille.


1973 July 30 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC103. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 July 30 - .
  • Kozlov given own design bureau in Samara. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Glushko; Kozlov; Mishin. Military-Industrial Commission (VPK) Decree 'On separation of TsSKB from NPO Energia and creation of the Volzhkiy Branch' was issued. After the fall of Mishin, Kozlov was offered the Chief Designer job. He rejected it and Glushko was made head of a reorganised NPO Energia. KB Kozlov itself was made a separate entity with the name of Central Specialised Construction Bureau.

1975 July 30 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1976 July 30 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1977 July 30 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC177. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 July 30 - . 22:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P205K.
  • Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1978 July 30 - . 23:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SSC S32 NLC-OBS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1979 July 30 - . 13:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1980 July 30 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1981 July 30 - . 21:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM. LV Configuration: Proton-K/DM 301-02.
  • Raduga 9 - . Payload: Raduga s/n 19L. Mass: 1,940 kg (4,270 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Raduga . Completed Operations Date: 1986-05-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 12618 . COSPAR: 1981-069A. Apogee: 35,828 km (22,262 mi). Perigee: 35,791 km (22,239 mi). Inclination: 13.8000 deg. Period: 1,437.20 min. Provision of uninterrupted round the clock telephone and telegraph radiocommunication in the USSR and simultaneous transmission of colour and black-and-white USSR central television programmes to stations in the Orbita network. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 35 deg E in 1981-1986 As of 30 August 2001 located at 112.14 deg E drifting at 0.090 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 76.83E drifting at 0.307W degrees per day.

1982 July 30 - . 02:39 GMT - .
1983 July 30 - .
1985 July 30 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1986 July 30 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC45/1. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-2.
  • Cosmos 1767 - . Payload: Mass Model. Mass: 15,000 kg (33,000 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Decay Date: 1986-08-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 16883 . COSPAR: 1986-056A. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 88.50 min. Summary: Instrumented Tselina-2 mock-up, with mass to test maximum payload capacity of Zenit launch vehicle. Officially: Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space..

1986 July 30 - . 15:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78M-ML.
  • Molniya 1-67 - . Payload: Molniya-1T. Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Molniya-1T. Decay Date: 2000-01-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 16885 . COSPAR: 1986-057A. Apogee: 38,765 km (24,087 mi). Perigee: 1,595 km (991 mi). Inclination: 64.7000 deg. Period: 717.90 min. Summary: Replaced Molniya 1-59. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio communications system in the USSR; transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to stations in the Orbita network. .

1987 July 30 - . 16:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1987 July 30 - .
1990 July 30 - . 00:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/1. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 2088 - . Payload: Geo-IK no. 12. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: Geo-IK. USAF Sat Cat: 20720 . COSPAR: 1990-066A. Apogee: 1,524 km (946 mi). Perigee: 1,484 km (922 mi). Inclination: 73.6000 deg. Period: 116.10 min. Summary: Investigation of outer space. .

1990 July 30 - . 09:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein RN. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.28UE.
  • EQUIS Spread F Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 480 km (290 mi).

1992 July 30 - . 01:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2. LV Configuration: Proton-K/DM-2 376-01.
  • Cosmos 2204 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 56L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass . USAF Sat Cat: 22056 . COSPAR: 1992-047A. Apogee: 19,148 km (11,897 mi). Perigee: 19,110 km (11,870 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing of components and apparatus of the Glonass global space navigation system being set up to determine the position of civil aircraft and vessels of the merchant marine and fishing fleet. Constellation 3. Put into service on 30 July 1992 and taken out of service on 4 August 1997.
  • Cosmos 2206 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 74L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 22058 . COSPAR: 1992-047C. Apogee: 19,154 km (11,901 mi). Perigee: 19,106 km (11,871 mi). Inclination: 63.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Summary: Glonass. Testing of components and apparatus of the Glonass global space navigation system being set up to determine the position of civil aircraft and vessels of the merchant marine and fishing fleet..
  • Cosmos 2205 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 72L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 22057 . COSPAR: 1992-047B. Apogee: 19,142 km (11,894 mi). Perigee: 19,118 km (11,879 mi). Inclination: 63.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Summary: Glonass. Testing of components and apparatus of the Glonass global space navigation system being set up to determine the position of civil aircraft and vessels of the merchant marine and fishing fleet..

1992 July 30 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 2207 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1992-08-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 22062 . COSPAR: 1992-048A. Apogee: 233 km (144 mi). Perigee: 180 km (110 mi). Inclination: 82.4000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Summary: Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1993 July 30 - .
  • Death of Prasthofer - . Nation: Germany; USA. Related Persons: Prasthofer. Summary: German-American engineer and rocket technician in World War II; later worked in France in the engine group at LRBA from 1947 to 1955. He returned briefly to Graz, Austria, and then went to work with von Braun's team at Huntsville, Alabama..

1994 July 30 - .
  • Mir News 222: Radio-amateur information - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Mir EO-16; Mir LD-4. Info for Radio-amateurs trying to make QSO's with Mir:

    On 30 July 1994 during pass in orbit nr. 48273 Musabayev asked TsUp to inform Sergey Samburov that the power unit of the transceiver for Radio-amateurism is out of order. The last time I monitored traffic on 145.550 Mc from Mir was on 27 July 1994 during the passes in orbits 48226 and 48227 when Polyakov (U3Mir) tried to make a QSO with Francis in France and with OE1AKB.

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202.


1995 July 30 - .
1995 July 30 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2. LV Configuration: Arrow 2 F1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1996 July 30 - .
  • Mir News 318: Progress-M32 - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Mir NASA-1; Mir EO-21. The launch of this freighter is now on schedule for 31.07.1996 at 20.00.04 UTC (For Moscow summertime 4 seconds after midnight on 1.08.96). The decision to give the green light for this launch has been taken on 29.07.1996 during a meeting of the state committee. The first attempt to launch the Progress-M32 failed due to a tank pressurisation problem. During the inspection afterwards a problem was revealed in one of the engines of a booster. The possibility to change that engine has been considered but finally the decision was taken to replace the whole booster. If all goes according to plan we might be able to hear the signals of the beacon- and telemetry transmitters of Progress-M32 at abt. 3 hrs after launch in the 922, 166 and 165 mc bands.

    The estimated docking time of Progress-M32 at Mir: 2.08.1996 at abt. 2159 UTC.

    Soyuz-TM24: The launch of this ship with the relief crew and the French spacionaute is now on schedule for 20.08.1996. We hope to get an eventual confirmation or additional information by CNES during this week.

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202.


1998 July 30 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Sphere - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

2001 July 30 - .
  • ESA To Help China Join ISS - . Nation: China. Program: ISS. Summary: ESA and the China National Space Administration (CNSA) were reported to have reached 'an intention to collaborate' to inclusion of China in the International Space Station project..

2001 July 30 - .
  • MAP, Moon Flyby - . Spacecraft: MAP.

2002 July 30 - . 02:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion Mk 70.
  • Hyshot 2 'Hans' Technology mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: UQU. Apogee: 314 km (195 mi). In the second launch of the HyShot program, the Terrier-Orion Mk70 rocket boosted the payload, which remain attached to the second stage Orion motor, toward a planned apogee of 330 km. After peaking at 314 km, the trajectory was designed so that the payload was moving at Mach 7.6 between 35 km and 23 km on the way down, at which point the measurements of supersonic combustion were made. This was claimed to be the first successful test of a scramjet in flight.

2004 July 30 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-42 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fincke; Padalka. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-9. Summary: Expedition 9 Commander Gennady Padalka and Flight Engineer Mike Fincke this week marked their 100th day in orbit, oversaw the undocking of a resupply craft and prepared for their third spacewalk.. Additional Details: International Space Station Status Report #04-42.

2005 July 30 - . 05:46 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-114-1 - . Crew: Robinson; Noguchi. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.28 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Robinson; Noguchi. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-114. Robinson and Noguchi demonstrated Shuttle thermal protection repair techniques in the Shuttle bay. They also installed a stowage platform and rerouted power to ISS Control Moment Gyroscope-2 (CMG-2). They also brought into the station two materials exposure experiments.

2010 July 30 - . 18:21 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9.
  • NASA 36.213NS - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi). Summary: Solar Ultraviolet Magnetograph Investigation..

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