Encyclopedia Astronautica
June 01


June 01 Chronology


1894 June 1 - .
  • Birth of Anatoli Arkadyevich Blagonravov - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Russian scientist. President, Academy Artillery Sciences 1946-1950, leading development of first Soviet sounding rockets. Soviet representative to UN COPUOS and negotiator with NASA on cooperative space projects in early 1960's..

1921 June 1 - .
  • Goddard begins liquid rocket experiments. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Robert H. Goddard experimented with liquid oxygen and various liquid hydrocarbons, including gasoline and liquid propane as well as ether, as rocket fuel, under a grant by Clark University. He concluded that although oxygen and hydrogen possessed the greatest heat energy per unit mass, that liquid oxygen and liquid methane offered greatest heat value of combinations which could be used without considerable difficulty. But, he said, "the most practical combination appears to be liquid oxygen

1928 June 1 - .
1933 June 1 - .
  • Goddard develops ramjet engine fuel pump. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Summary: Robert H. Goddard developed component of modern ramjet engine with construction of a rocket fuel pump at Clark University..

1936 June 1 - .
  • Russian meteorological rocket flown. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Russian liquid-propellant meteorological rocket, designed by M. K. Tikhonravov, successfully flown..

1937 June 1 - .
  • Jet Propulsion Laboratory forerunner established. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Tsien. Theodore von Kármán, Director of the Guggenheim Aeronautical Laboratory at the California Institute of Technology at Pasadena, founded group which began experiments in design fundamentals of high-altitude sounding rocket. The group, named the Cal Tech Rocket Research Project, consisted of Frank J. Malina, Tsien Hsue-sen, A. M. O. Smith, John W. Parsons, Edward Forman, and Weld Arnold. This was the origin of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

1938 June 1 - . Launch Vehicle: JATO.
  • Cal Tech begins JATO development. - . Nation: USA. Summary: Jack Parsons of Cal Tech conceived value of slow-burning rocket propellant of constant thrust for JATO use, active development of which was undertaken by Cal Tech in 1940..

1943 June 1 - . Launch Vehicle: Me-163.
  • First Me-163B flight. - . Nation: Germany. Summary: Messerschmitt Me-163B rocket interceptor powered by Walther "hot" engine successfully flown at Bremen, Augsburg, and near Leipzig, Germany. Over 300 Me-163B's were produced by Junkers by the end of 1944..

1944 June 1 - . LV Family: V-1. Launch Vehicle: V-1.
  • Manned V-1 test flights. - . Nation: Germany. Summary: Geman "Reichenberg" program began for use of manned V-1's air launched from He-111's for suicide missions..

1944 June 1 - . LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal.
  • Cal Tech studies storable liquid propellants. - . Nation: USA. Summary: Cal Tech studied pumping of liquid rocket propellants, particularly nitric acid, resulting in successful design in 1945, which was set aside for future use because of difficulty in handling..

1946 June 1 - . LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone.
  • Hermes C1 - . Nation: USA. Summary: General Electric began a feasibility study of the Hermes C1 which later formed the basis for early Redstone missile research..

1946 June 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: RNII Sounding Rocket. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: FIAN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1946 June 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: RNII Sounding Rocket. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: FIAN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1946 June 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: RNII Sounding Rocket.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: FIAN. Apogee: 35 km (21 mi).

1947 June 1 - . LV Family: Mace; Matador; Regulus 1.
  • MX-771 canceled. - . Nation: USA. Summary: The US Army cancels the Martin MX-771 tactical cruise missile, deciding it will instead procure a land-launched version of the similar Navy Regulus..

1948 June 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR FFAR.
  • Rascal Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1949 June 1 - . LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone.
  • Redstone Arsenal selected for rocket research. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Summary: Redstone Arsenal was reactivated from standby status as the site of the Ordnance Rocket Center..

1950 June 1 - .
  • Birth of Gennadi Mikhailovich Manakov - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Russian test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-7, Mir EO-13. Buran Test Pilot, 1985-1987. Transferred to TsPK cosmonaut detachment 1987. Call sign: Vulkan (Volcano)..

1950 June 1 - .
  • VfR resurrected. - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Hitler. Summary: VfR, the German Rocket Society disestablished by Hitler in 1933, passed resolution calling for international conference of all astronautical societies..

1951 June 1 - . LV Family: R-1. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
  • R-1 production moved to Dnepropetrovsk - . Nation: USSR. Ministry of Armaments Decree 'On starting of series production of the R-1 at Dnepropetrovsk Plant No. 586' was issued. Factory 66 at Zlatoust was originally selected to produce the R-1 in 1949, with SKB-385 to assume production design responsibility and to develop variations of the R-1 with greater range. But the work dragged on without results, and on 1 June 1951 Beria switched R-1 production to Factory 586 at Dnepropetrovsk. He ordered engine production to begin in two months.

1951 June 1 - .
  • Delta wing confirmed in rocket tests. - . Nation: USA. Summary: NACA Langley's Pilotless Aircraft Research Division demonstrated low drag of thin delta wing (which led to F-102, F-106, B-58) with rocket-powered model flights..

1952 June 1 - . LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2.
  • R-2 test brigades organised - . Nation: USSR. Summary: The 54th and 56th brigades were formed for test launches at Kapustin Yar. R-2's were deployed in rocket brigades equipped with six launchers (three divisions per brigade, each division with two batteries)..

1952 June 1 - .
  • NACA first test of liquid fluorine oxidizer. - . Nation: USA. Summary: NACA Lewis Laboratory completed first rocket combustion tests using the high-energy propellant liquid fluorine as an oxidant..

1953 June 1 - . LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal.
  • Corporal I development complete. - . Nation: USA. Jet Propulsion Laboratory completed development of the Corporal I, the first U.S. surface-to-surface ballistic missile, and continued with Corporal II development. Army Ordnance also asked JPL to study application of large-scale solid propellant rockets for use as surface-to-surface guided missiles.

1954 June 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2. LV Configuration: R-2 Prod. missile.
  • First production series test launch. - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1955 June 1 - . LV Family: Saturn C-3; Saturn I; Saturn V.
  • NERVA project begins. - . Nation: USA. Program: NERVA. NACA Lewis Laboratory presented ARDC with results of air-breathing nuclear propulsion systems for manned applications, leading to AEC-AF Pluto project, and also initiated comparison of nuclear rocket with chemical systems for ICBM, a concept of use to Rover program.

1955 June 1 - .
  • Rocket test stand improvements. - . Nation: USA. Summary: First experimental use at NACA Lewis Laboratory of a "boot-strap" rocket-exhaust powered ejector to permit rocket testing at simulated high-altitude conditions without complicated and expensive exhausting facilities..

1955 June 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11FM.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1955 June 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11FM.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1955 June 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11FM.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1956 June 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5M. LV Configuration: R-5M R-5R.
  • Radio guidance test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1957 June 1 - . LV Family: Saturn C-3; Saturn I; Saturn V.
  • NERVA advanced concepts studied. - . Nation: USA. Program: NERVA. Summary: Research on tungsten nuclear rocket propulsion systems initiated by NACA Lewis Laboratory, and other feasible systems for practical nuclear rocket systems, such as 1958 concept of coaxial jet gaseous reactor, followed..

1958 June 1 - .
  • Tsien and Great Leap Forward - . Nation: China. Related Persons: Tsien. Summary: An article by Tsien appeared in Kexue Dazhong, claiming that new methods and a new process cycle could increase agricultural production by twenty times. This led to Mao's 'Great Leap Forward', resulting in the death of millions from starvation..

1958 June 1 - . LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone.
  • First Redstone deployment to Europe. - . Nation: USA. Summary: The Redstone became the first large U.S. ballistic missile to be deployed overseas, joining the NATO Shield Force. .

1958 June 1 - .
  • Start of construction of manned spacecraft - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Korolev; Myasishchev; Tsybin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: Vostok. Competing manned projects. Korolev OKB-1 proposed Vostok ballistic capsule as quickest way to put a man in space while meeting Zenit project's reconnsat requirements. Under project VKA-23 (Vodushno Kosmicheskiye Apparat) Myasishchev OKB-23 proposed two designs, a faceted craft with a single tail, and a dual tail contoured version. Tsybin OKB-256 proposed seven man winged craft with variable wing dihedral. Contracts awarded to all three OKB's to proceed with construction of protoypes. R-7 booster to be used for suborbital launches.

1959 June 1 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan.
  • Dyna-Soar contractors Boeing and Martin selected. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Dynasoar. The Dyna-Soar source selection board completed its evaluation of the proposals of the Boeing Airplane Company and the Martin Company. The board recommended the development of the Boeing glider but also favored the employment of the orbtal Titan C booster offered by Martin.

1959 June 1 - .
  • Death of Mirya Gromova. Reported killed in a test of a winged rocket-powered aircraft in 1959. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Gromova. Summary: Russian phantom cosmonaut. Soviet test pilot said to have flown a 'space airplane' into oblivion 1959.12. No evidence ever surfaced in post-Glasnost Russia to back up the claim..

1959 June 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-13.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 June 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1961 June 1 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Prelaunch mission rules for Mercury-Atlas 4 (MA-4) were published. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury.

1961 June 1 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
  • Change in the Saturn C-1 configuration - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Program: Apollo. NASA announced a change in the Saturn C-1 vehicle configuration. The first ten research and development flights would have two stages, instead of three, because of the changed second stage (S-IV) and, starting with the seventh flight vehicle, increased propellant capacity in the first stage (S-1) booster.

1961 June 1 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • Moon program go-ahead in response to U.S. start - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Chelomei; Korolev; Yangel. Program: Lunar L1. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft: Soyuz A; Soyuz B; Soyuz V; LK-1. Chelomei is informally asked by Khruschev to begin design of a booster and spacecraft for a manned circumlunar mission (UR-500 Proton and LK-1). There is no authorization for a lunar landing program, although Korolev, Yangel, and Chelomei all begin booster designs.

1961 June 1 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LA. Launch Pad: LA?. LV Family: Matador. Launch Vehicle: Matador. LV Configuration: Matador GM-56-1949.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1961 June 1 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LA. Launch Pad: LA?. LV Family: Matador. Launch Vehicle: Matador. LV Configuration: Matador GM-56-1944.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1961 June 1 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LA. Launch Pad: LA?. LV Family: Matador. Launch Vehicle: Matador. LV Configuration: Matador GM-56-1948.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1961 June 1 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LA. Launch Pad: LA?. LV Family: Matador. Launch Vehicle: Matador. LV Configuration: Matador GM-56-1947.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1962 June 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI41.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 June 1 - . Launch Site: Fort Wingate. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone. LV Configuration: Redstone 1014.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Summary: Successful missile test. Missed aimpoint by 378 m..

1962 June 1 - . 09:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92. LV Configuration: Vostok 8A92 E15000-01. FAILURE: Shutdown of Block B strap-on engine stage 1.8 seconds after liftoff. The booster crashed 300 m from the pad. Pad damaged.. Failed Stage: 0.
  • Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 3 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 3. Mass: 4,610 kg (10,160 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2. Decay Date: 1962-06-01 . COSPAR: F620601A. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite. Third attempted launch of Zenit photo-reconnaissance satellite. It blew up 300 m from the pad, and did enough damage to put the launch complex out of operation for a month. Therefore the Vostok 3/4 launches could not take place until the end of July at the earliest.

1962 June 1 - . 18:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-23-43.
  • X-15A ASAS, 23 alpha, M=5 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5913 kph. Maximum Altitude - 40420 m. Steepest reentry descent with highest angle of attack (27 degrees) to date..

1963 June 1 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • Atlas F propellant loading accident. - . Nation: USA. Summary: Exploded during propellant loading (Walker AFB 1).

1963 June 1 - .
  • Cosmonauts and brass arrive at the cosmodrome for the Vostok 5/6 launch. - . Nation: USSR. Flight: Vostok 5; Vostok 6. Spacecraft: Vostok. A meeting is held to discuss emergency recovery of the Vostoks. There is no realistic chance of their survival if they land at sea in the South Atlantic, Pacific, or Antarctic Oceans, however plans must be made. Several ships and three to four Tu-114 aircraft would be required to have any realistic chance of recovery. However these are not available.

1963 June 1 - .
  • Vostok 5/6 Flight Preparations - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Rudenko; Raushenbakh. Flight: Vostok 5. Spacecraft: Vostok. Sunday before the launch. Rudenko goes to the Syr Darya for a swim. The cosmonauts play volleyball, then receive instruction from Rauschenbach on manual orientation of the spacecraft for re-entry. Then everyone goes to the beach for swimming and chess. Good river bass are cooked for dinner. In the evening, the film The Magnificent Seven is screened. Kamanin finds it violent but involving - the two hours go by in no time.

1963 June 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Operational test launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1963 June 1 - . 02:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: First stage failed 4 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • DS-MT s/n 1 - . Payload: DS-MT. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-MT. COSPAR: F630601A. Summary: Payload developed by the VNIIEM to test electric gyrodyne orientation systems. Also studied variations in the intensity of cosmic rays..

1964 June 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: R-14.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1965 June 1 - .
  • Voskhod Physician Cosmonaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Illyin; Kiselyov, Aleksandr; Senkevich. Summary: The group was selected to provide trainees for planned Voskhod long-duration biomedical spaceflights to be made with a physician aboard..

1965 June 1 - .
  • Beginning of Project Spiral - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Chelomei; Korolev. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: MiG 105-11. With the cancellation of Chelomei's desultory R spaceplane development, the job is handed to 'the profis' - the fighter design bureaus of MiG and Sukhoi. Both would use an air breathing first stage (the XB-70 clone T-4 in Sukhoi's case, a huge new Tupolev hypersonic aircraft 'to be developed' in MiG's case). Second stage would be a conventional expendable rocket stage which would carry the relatively small Spiral spaceplane into orbit. Korolev had been doing some 'back door' work with MiG in competition to Chelomei's R project for some time (Began with 1962 Mikoyan study '50-50': Hypersonic first stage to Mach 5.5; rocket stage with one man), and immediately proposed tests from atop R-7 rockets as early as 1967. At the time all this was begun Dyna Soar was still an active US program.

1965 June 1 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Nike Zeus. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus. LV Configuration: Nike Zeus-3.
  • Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 June 1 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Nike Zeus. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus. LV Configuration: Nike Zeus-3.
  • Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 June 1 - . Launch Site: Shijiedu. LV Family: T-7. Launch Vehicle: T-7A-S.
  • Life Science (mice) Biological mission - . Nation: China. Agency: Shanghai. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1966 June 1 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1966 June 1 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-23.
  • FU-153 ionosphere / particles Ionosphere / plasma / field mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 380 km (230 mi).

1966 June 1 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3. LV Configuration: Atlas SLV-3 5304.
  • Gemini 9 ATDA - . Payload: TDA 4. Mass: 794 kg (1,750 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Gemini 9. Spacecraft: Atlas Target Docking Adapter. Decay Date: 1966-06-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 2186 . COSPAR: 1966-046A. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi). Perigee: 292 km (181 mi). Inclination: 28.8000 deg. Period: 90.40 min. The ATDA achieved a near-circular orbit (apogee 161.5, perigee 158.5 nautical miles). One hour and 40 minutes later, the scheduled launch of Gemini IX-A was postponed by a ground equipment failure which prevented the transfer of updating information from Cape Kennedy mission control center to the spacecraft computer. The mission was recycled for launch on June 3, following a prepared 48-hour recycle plan. Anomalous telemetry indicated some sort of problem with the target, but it was not until Gemini IX rendezvoused with it in orbit that it was seen that fairing separation had failed.

1967 June 1 - .
  • Development plan for the Almaz station and Soyuz 7K-TK ferry - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Almaz OPS; Soyuz 7K-TK. Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On full approval of the Almaz and 7K-TK programs' was issued. Use of the 7K-TK ferry with the Almaz station continued as the project baseline. It was scheduled that the Almaz/Soyuz 7K-TK system would be tested in 1968 and enter service in 1969.

1967 June 1 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1.
  • Test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1967 June 1 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1B 757.
  • ST - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1967 June 1 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 3. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV. LV Configuration: Athena B034.
  • USN B034 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1967 June 1 - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1.
  • Test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1967 June 1 - . 05:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sandia 154-97 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1967 June 1 - . 08:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sandia 154-92 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1967 June 1 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sandia 154-95 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1967 June 1 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. LV Configuration: Voskhod 11A57 Ya15001-11.
  • Cosmos 162 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1967-06-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 2827 . COSPAR: 1967-054A. Apogee: 275 km (170 mi). Perigee: 196 km (121 mi). Inclination: 51.8000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.

1967 June 1 - . 12:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sandia 154-94 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1968 June 1 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A2. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F. LV Configuration: Atlas F 89F.
  • ABRES PDV re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,400 km (800 mi).

1968 June 1 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 223 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 63. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2. Duration: 8.00 days. Completed Operations Date: 1968-06-09 . Decay Date: 1968-06-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 3274 . COSPAR: 1968-045A. Apogee: 317 km (196 mi). Perigee: 221 km (137 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

1968 June 1 - . 17:50 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P18H.
  • Langmuir probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1969 June 1 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle.
  • Faget shuttle concept attacked - . Nation: USA. The first report comes out attacking the Faget straight wing design. Another follows in November 1969; with the dispute becoming public with AIAA papers published in October 1970 and January 1971. These dissidents at other NASA centres calculated that a Faget orbiter was unsafe, as it could not withstand the re-entry thermal environment and aerodynamic stresses. NASA's Flight Research Center pushed a lifting body design, while the US Air Force noted that in any case the Faget design did not meet its cross-range requirements.

1969 June 1 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • Soviet lunar plans - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Mishin. Program: Lunar L3; Lunar L1. Spacecraft: LK; Soyuz 7K-L1A. Despite having no stand testing of the N1 first stage, Mishin still expected the first Soviet lunar landing to take place by the end of 1970. He began pushing Kamanin to assign L3 flight crews for the missions. Mishin's staff did not believe he had the necessary discipline to pull it off, but supported him out of solidarity. Mishin accepted the resolution to use 5L to conduct a lunar flyby. The payload consisted of the L3-S. This spacecraft used the new unified guidance system developed for the LOK by NIIAP, replacing the 7K-L1 guidance system, and functional rocket stages G and D, plus the payload bay of the LK. The only functional spacecraft system was the SAS abort tower. Although unthinkable in Korolev's time, lunar launch window constraints meant the launch had to be made at precisely 23:18 on 3 June 1969.

1969 June 1 - .
  • Original planned date for first LK test - . Nation: USSR. Program: Lunar L3. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar lander. Spacecraft: LK. Summary: Original planned date for first test of LK in earth orbit..

1969 June 1 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: T-7. Launch Vehicle: T-7A.
  • FSW satellite technology test - . Nation: China. Agency: CAST. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1970 June 1 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle.
  • NASA completes Shuttle Phase A evaluations - . Nation: USA. After over 200 man-years of NASA and contractor effort, the Agency reached the following conclusions at the end of Phase A:
    • The common orbiter/booster engine planned would have to have a lower thrust then proposed, with more used per booster. This was due to the need for the orbiter to have several engines instead of one or two in order to give it abort capabilities in the event of a single engine failure. It was recommended that a 180,000 kgf engine be developed for the shuttle instead of the 230,000 kgf previously planned.
    • Lifting body configurations were not suited for the launch vehicle application. This was due to the required complex internal arrangement of tanks and equipment within the curving hull, difficulty of fabricating the airframe and tanks, and poor subsonic lift/drag performance.
    • Variable geometry wings were not desirable, since they resulted in a heavier weight to body area ratio during re-entry, and thereby more re-entry heating problems. They also required complex mechanical and pneumatic/hydraulic systems for operation, which meant more maintenance, more complexity, and extra failure modes. There considerable advantages - a lower spacecraft weight fraction and the highest lift/drag in subsonic flight - did not offset these disadvantages.
    As a result of these conclusions, NASA published its specification for the Phase B Integral Launch and Recovery Vehicle Shuttle System on 1 June. The requirements in this specification were:
    • Two-stage-to-orbit, vertical takeoff, horizontal landing configuration
    • Initial operational capability by the end of 1977
    • 6,800 kg payload to a 500 km, 55 deg inclination orbit when launched from Cape Canaveral
    • 4.6 m x 18.3 m payload bay
    • Two orbiter alternates were to be proposed by the contractors, one with a 370 km cross-range (NASA requirement), one with a 2784 km cross range (USAF requirement). This implied a minimum L/D for the high cross-range vehicle of 1.8, and a total heat load 5 to 7 times greater than the low cross-range alternative.
    • Seven-day orbital mission capability.
    • Go-around capability on landing in case of a missed approach. This implied the use of airbreathing engines. Phase A studies showed that use of gaseous H2 from the orbiter's tanks as fuel for such engines drastically reduced the orbiter weight compared to use of conventional JP-4 jet fuel housed in separate tanks.
    • Design to be capable of 25 to 70 launches a year, with a turnaround time of two weeks
    • G-forces limited to 3G on ascent
    • Two crew housed in a pressure cabin without spacesuits
    • 43 hour countdown time after assembly
    • Stage separation without the use of rocket devices
    • No in-flight refuelling allowed
    • Capable of landing under FAA Category 2 conditions on a 3,000 m runway
    • All systems fail-operational - e.g. they would remain operational after any single component failure, and remain fail-safe for crew survival even after two subsystem failures
    • Quick safeing of vehicle systems after landing
    • No propellant cross-feed allowed between booster and orbiter

1970 June 1 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: UK S27. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3E-671.
  • Operational test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 June 1 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Strypi. Launch Vehicle: Strypi VI.
  • MTV-I Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1970 June 1 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511.
  • Soyuz 9 - . Call Sign: Sokol (Falcon ). Crew: Nikolayev; Sevastyanov. Backup Crew: Filipchenko; Grechko. Support Crew: Lazarev; Yazdovsky. Payload: Soyuz 7K-OK s/n 17. Mass: 6,590 kg (14,520 lb). Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Nikolayev; Sevastyanov; Filipchenko; Grechko; Lazarev; Yazdovsky. Agency: MOM. Program: Soyuz. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz 9. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK. Duration: 17.71 days. Decay Date: 1970-06-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 4407 . COSPAR: 1970-041A. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi). Perigee: 176 km (109 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.50 min. Summary: Manned flight endurance test. Medico-biological, scientific and technical studies and experiments in prolonged orbital flight. Inconclusive results due to slow sun-oriented rotation of spacecraft to conserve fuel producing motion sickness in cosmonauts.. Additional Details: Soyuz 9.

1971 June 1 - .
1971 June 1 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • N1-6L launch commission - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Mishin; Pilyugin; Isayev. Program: Lunar L3. Flight: Soyuz 11. Spacecraft: LK; Soyuz 7K-LOK; Almaz OPS; Salyut 1; MKBS. The review of launch preparations veers off into a discussion of what the booster was now for. Pilyugin questioned the seriousness of intent of the TsKBEM staff. The digital control system priorities within the bureau were with DOS and Almaz -- why wasn't the N1-L3 the priority? Mishin had never been told that the N1-L3 development was lagging. It had no priority with the leadership. Top priority at TsKBEM was Nadiradze's solid propellant ICBM's, followed by the DOS Salyut station, and now Soyuz-Apollo preparations. Meanwhile it was finally recognised that a single-launch scenario was simply impossible, and two N1 launches would be needed to accomplish the lunar landing. But there was no political will to tell the Politburo the bad news -- that two N1's would be needed to be launched to accomplish the landing. The final conclusion was that the bureau needed a new direction, a project with national priority, like the DOS station. Strategic rocket work could be ruled out, as there were already too many players in that field. Additional Details: N1-6L launch commission.

1971 June 1 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle.
  • Shuttle design decision - . Nation: USA. Based on funding constraints defined in May, NASA decides its shuttle configuration will have to be a partially reusable orbiter, with an external liquid hydrogen tank. Grumman had been the main advocate of this approach, but it was the same conclusion reached in the USAF ILRV studies in 1968. The in-house design reflecting this change was MSC-020, with a liquid oxygen/liquid hydrogen tank housing all propellants outside of the orbiter.

1972 June 1 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle.
  • Shuttle Phase C/D Proposals - . Nation: USA. Given that NASA had dictated in great detail the final design, the contractors' proposals differed only in detail. Grumman's orbiter had a 747-type hump-backed configuration, while Lockheed's featured a double-deck crew space. McDonnell-Douglas proposed an alternate auxiliary liquid propellant rocket motor for aborts in place of the mandated Abort Solid Rocket Motors. North American Rockwell's design featured a rounded double-delta wing. All contractors struggled with thermal protection system issues. Ablative materials were lighter, but the bad experience with the use of spray-on ablator on the X-15A-2 made such a solution for an operational vehicle problematic.

1972 June 1 - .
  • Death of John Stack in Virginia. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Stack. Summary: American engineer, at NASA 1928-1962. Conducted fundamental research on transonic flight which resulted in X-1 being the first manned aircraft to break the sound barrier in 1947..

1972 June 1 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Vehicle: Temp-2S.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 June 1 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Vehicle: Temp-2S.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 June 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 June 1 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle.
  • Shuttle configuration changes - . Nation: USA. Summary: Between the March 1972 Authority to Proceed and June 1974 six major configuration changes are made to the shuttle design..

1975 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1976 June 1 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Vehicle: DF-4.
  • Date uncertain. First test of DF-4. - . Nation: China. Program: Long March.

1976 June 1 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: SSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S2. LV Configuration: SSBS S2 S-1E-2606.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 June 1 - . 21:46 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 616. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • OT-31 Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1977 June 1 - . 21:47 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 616. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • OT-31 Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1978 June 1 - . 17:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1979 June 1 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1981 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 76.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1982 June 1 - .
  • Death of Hendrik W Bode - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bode. Summary: American engineer, vice president of military development and systems engineering at Bell Telephone Laboratories 1958-1967. Worked for Bell from 1926 to 1967..

1982 June 1 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: A-135. Launch Vehicle: 51T6.
  • ABM test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1982 June 1 - . 04:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 47167-258.
  • Cosmos 1371 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 13241 . COSPAR: 1982-051A. Apogee: 801 km (497 mi). Perigee: 781 km (485 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.70 min. Summary: Replaced Cosmos 1140..

1982 June 1 - . 13:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1372 - . Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: RORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military naval surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: US-A. Decay Date: 1982-09-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 13411 . COSPAR: 1982-052B. Apogee: 966 km (600 mi). Perigee: 919 km (571 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 103.90 min. Summary: Ocean surveillance; nuclear powered..

1983 June 1 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-16.
  • Manicore Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 599 km (372 mi).

1983 June 1 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil. LV Configuration: Shtil VMF.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1984 June 1 - . 13:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1568 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1984-06-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 15011 . COSPAR: 1984-054A. Apogee: 365 km (226 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1985 June 1 - .
  • Death of Eugene M Emme at Silver Spring, Montgomery, MD.4512. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Emme. Summary: American NASA Historian. Eugene M. Emme became the NASA chief historian in 1959 and served until his retirement in 1979. Previously he had been a historian with the Air University of the U.S. Air Force..

1985 June 1 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1986 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 55.0 N x 40.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1987 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 June 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 June 1 - . Launch Site: Overberg. LV Family: RSA. Launch Vehicle: RSA-3. LV Configuration: RSA-3-d 1.
1989 June 1 - . 12:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 2025 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1989-06-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 20035 . COSPAR: 1989-040A. Apogee: 256 km (159 mi). Perigee: 236 km (146 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Summary: Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1990 June 1 - .
  • U.S.-Soviet summit reaches accord on armaments - . Nation: International.

1990 June 1 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
1990 June 1 - . 14:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.69UL.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1990 June 1 - . 21:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 6920-X. LV Configuration: Delta 6920-10 D195.
  • ROSAT - . Mass: 2,426 kg (5,348 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: ROSAT. Decay Date: 2011-10-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 20638 . COSPAR: 1990-049A. Apogee: 554 km (344 mi). Perigee: 539 km (334 mi). Inclination: 53.0000 deg. Period: 95.60 min. Summary: West German extreme UV, X-ray telescope; all-sky survey..

1992 June 1 - .
  • SAC transferred Air Force Satellite Communications (AFSATCOM) system management responsibility to Air Force Space Command. - . Nation: USA.

1992 June 1 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. Launch Vehicle: Nodong. FAILURE: Failure.
1992 June 1 - . 02:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-24.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 282 km (175 mi).

1993 June 1 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: Prithvi. Launch Vehicle: Prithvi.
  • Test mission - . Nation: India. Agency: IDRDL. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1995 June 1 - . 22:05 GMT - .
1998 June 1 - .
  • Beijing Space Technology Research and Test Center operational - . Nation: China. Phase I construction was completed of the new, large-scale Beijing Space Technology Research and Test Center, located in Tangjialing, northwest of Beijing. The center occupied 100 hectares and construction was begun in October 1994. The largest space center in China included spacecraft integration hangars, space environment and vibration test facilities, and a series of laboratories.

1999 June 1 - .
  • STS-96 Mission Status Report #12 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry; Ochoa; Payette; Rominger; Tokarev. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-96. Discovery's crew headed for its sleep period this morning, reporting significant progress in the transfer of equipment and supplies to the International Space Station after finishing up the planned refurbishment of a battery system in one of the station's modules. Additional Details: STS-96 Mission Status Report #12.

2000 June 1 - .
  • ISS Status Report: ISS 00-21 - . Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Summary: A rejuvenated International Space Station circles the Earth in excellent shape from a higher orbit and is ready for the arrival of its next pressurized component - the Zvezda service module.. Additional Details: ISS Status Report: ISS 00-21.

2001 June 1 - .
  • Orizont tank pressuization test. - . Nation: Romania. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Orizont. Summary: ARCA (Ramnicu Valcea, Romania) successfully performs pressurization tests of fuel and oxidizer tanks, achieving maximum pressures of 30 bars..

2001 June 1 - .
  • Death of Abe Silverstein - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Silverstein. Summary: American engineer. Chaired committee that set NASA's spaceflight plans for the 1960's. Director, NASA Cleveland 1961-1970..

2003 June 1 - . Launch Site: Emamshahr. LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
2004 June 1 - . 07:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.209UG.
  • ISIS (Cyg Loop) Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2004 June 1 - . 22:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Bay of Biscay Launch Area. Launch Pad: 47.5 N x 4.5 W. Launch Platform: S618. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M45. LV Configuration: MSBS M45 5.
  • ME-34 Teutates test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Summary: Launched from Zone de lancement SNLE, Golfe de Gascogne, Bretagne - Latitude: 47.50 N - Longitude: 4.50 W..

2005 June 1 - .
  • Death of Norman H Horowitz - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Horowitz, Norman. Summary: American biologist, at Caltech from 1940, worked at JPL on the Viking Mars lander program..

2005 June 1 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Pameungpeuk. LV Family: RX-250. Launch Vehicle: RX-250-LPN.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Indonesia. Agency: LAPAN. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

2007 June 1 - .
2008 June 1 - .
  • STS-124 MCC Status Report #02 - . Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-124. Summary: The seven members of shuttle Discovery began their first full day in space this morning, waking up to “Your Wildest Dreams” by the Moody Blues. The song was played for Pilot Ken Ham. . Additional Details: STS-124 MCC Status Report #02.

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