Encyclopedia Astronautica
June 08


June 08 Chronology


1912 June 8 - .
  • Birth of Arthur Pilz - . Nation: Germany; Russia. Summary: German master mechanic in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union, worked on rocket engine development in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952. Worked in Test Bench; Laboratory Department..

1927 June 8 - .
  • Esnault-Pelterie lecture - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Esnault-Peltrie; Barre. Robert Esnault-Pelterie delivers a groundbreaking lecture on space travel at the Societe Astronomique in Paris. It would be published in book form a year later. One audience member is Jean-Claude Barre, a military engineer who is inspired to begin development of rockets in France.

1930 June 8 - .
1937 June 8 - .
  • Birth of Bruce II McCandless - . Nation: USA. Summary: American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41-B, STS-31. Made first untethered space walk..

1942 June 8 - .
1944 June 8 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende P7. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 V-171.
  • V-2 4171 - . Nation: Germany. Summary: Burnout at 69 seconds. Flight duration 315 seconds..

1951 June 8 - . 01:18 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-1 SC 19. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 6.00 km (3.70 mi). Summary: Temperature, winds research. Launched at 1818 local time. Reached 6.4 km..

1953 June 8 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal. LV Configuration: Corporal 5EBN.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1954 June 8 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal. LV Configuration: Corporal 1316E.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1956 June 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Tri-Deacon T40.
  • Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1957 June 8 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Vehicle: SE.4400. LV Configuration: SE4400 F78.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1958 June 8 - . Launch Site: Cuxhaven. Launch Vehicle: Mohr Rocket.
  • Mohr Rocket launch attempts - . Nation: Germany. First attempt to launch Ernst Morhr's larege meteorological rocket. The rocket had a total mass of 150 kg, consisting of 75 kg propellant, 60 kg structure, and 15 kg payload. The motor produced 7800 kgf for 2 seconds. The rocket was 30 cm in diameter, 1.7 m long, and had a payload dart 56 mm in diameter and 1.25 m long. Three attempts were made to launch. Two hung up on the launcher, and the third was unstable after launch and crashed near the launcher.

1958 June 8 - .
  • Upper stage test cell inaugurated. - . Nation: USA. Summary: Test firing of a full-scale upper stage rocket under simulated altitude conditions was made in an engine test cell at the USAF's Arnold Engineering Development Center at Tullahoma, Tenn..

1959 June 8 - .
  • Mercury Big Joe spacecraft for the reentry test was delivered to Cape Canaveral. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury.

1959 June 8 - .
  • Project Horizon Phase I report - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Program: Horizon. The Project Horizon Phase I report was completed. In it, a U.S. manned landing on the moon in 1965 was proposed, to be followed in 1966 by an operational lunar outpost. Expenditures would average $667 million a year from Fiscal Year 1960 through Fiscal Year 1968. The guiding philosophy of the report was one of "enlightened conservatism of technical approach." On July 28 the report was presented to the Secretary of the Army and the Chief of Staff. Additional Details: Project Horizon Phase I report.

1959 June 8 - .
  • Project Horizon report conceived years using a booster's spent stage as a space station's basic structure. - . Nation: USA. Program: Horizon. Spacecraft: Horizon Station. In a Project Horizon report, Wernher von Braun, then with the Army Ballistic Missile Agency, advanced a theory that he had conceived years earlier for using a booster's spent stage as a space station's basic structure. This later evolved into the 'wet stage' concept for the Skylab Program.

1959 June 8 - . Launch Site: AMR DZ. Launch Pad: 29.0 N x 79.0 W. Launch Platform: B-47. LV Family: Bold Orion. Launch Vehicle: Bold Orion 2. LV Configuration: Bold Orion-1.
  • Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1959 June 8 - . 16:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-1-5.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi). Summary: First flight for X-15 # 1. Planned glide flight. Maximum Speed - 840 kph. Maximum Altitude - 11445 m..

1960 June 8 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan.
  • Martin to develop the Dyna-Soar booster airframe. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Dynasoar. Summary: The Air Force gave the Martin Company responsibility for the development of the Dyna-Soar booster airframe..

1960 June 8 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
  • Full Saturn I engine cluster full duration test. - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Summary: Complete eight-engine static firing of Saturn successfully conducted for 110 seconds at MSFC, the longest firing to date..

1961 June 8 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury-Atlas 4 (MA-4) recovery requirements were published. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury.

1961 June 8 - . Launch Vehicle: Rocket belt.
  • Rocket belt demonstrated. - . Nation: USA. Small rocket lift device demonstrated publicly for the first time at Fort Eustis, Va., a rocket belt developed by Bell Aerosystems, which lifted Harold M. Graham in a controlled free flight to an altitude of 15 feet and a standup landing 150 feet from his starting point.

1961 June 8 - . 21:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena B. LV Configuration: Thor Agena B 302 / Agena B 1108. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Discoverer 24 - . Payload: KH-5 s/n 9018A. Mass: 1,150 kg (2,530 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-5. Decay Date: 1961-06-08 . COSPAR: F610608A. Summary: KH-5. Mission failed..
  • SRV 541 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft: KH-5. COSPAR: F610608B.

1962 June 8 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor.
  • Last launch of a Thor IRBM from Vandenberg - . Nation: USA. Summary: Last launch of a Thor IRBM from Vandenberg. (First launch and first missile fired from Vandenberg AFB on 16 December 1958.).

1962 June 8 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC32B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1A 415.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1962 June 8 - . 00:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.44GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1963 June 8 - .
  • Vostok 5/6 Flight Preparations - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Tereshkova. Flight: Vostok 6. Spacecraft: Vostok. Summary: A review of the spacecraft radio problems shows that the rejection rate for production equipment is 6% against 2% guaranteed by 5-GURVO. Tereshkova sits in the Vostok 6 spacecraft, and makes a good impression on the technicians. .

1963 June 8 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury MA-10 environmental control system changes - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Flight: Mercury MA-10. Spacecraft: Mercury; Mercury ECS. In preparation for the Mercury-Atlas 10 (MA-10) mission, should the flight be approved by NASA Headquarters, several environmental control system changes were made in spacecraft 15B. Particularly involved were improvements in the hardware and flexibility of the urine and condensate systems. With regard to the condensate portion, Gordon Cooper, in his press conference, indicated that the system was not easy to operate during the flight of Faith 7 (MA-9).

1964 June 8 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2.
  • The entire complement of astronauts began launch abort training on the Ling-Temco-Vought simulator. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 3. Group 1 (selected April 1959) and Group 2 (September 1962) astronauts averaged approximately 100 runs each whereas Group 3 (October 1963) astronauts completed 32 runs apiece. The Gemini-Titan 3 launch profile was simulated in detail, including such cues as noise, vibration, pitch and roll programming, and other motion cues which results from various launch anomalies. The training was completed July 30.

1964 June 8 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61. LV Configuration: Veronique 61 VA75.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1964 June 8 - . 16:34 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 626. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3P-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1964 June 8 - . 17:09 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 626. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3P-4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 June 8 - .
  • Birth of Stanley Glen Love - . Nation: USA. Summary: American astronomer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-122..

1965 June 8 - . 07:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78M U103-31.
  • Luna 6 - . Payload: E-6 s/n 7. Mass: 1,440 kg (3,170 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Luna. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Luna E-6. USAF Sat Cat: 1393 . COSPAR: 1965-044A. Attempted unmanned lunar soft lander. Tass reported that all onboard equipment was functioning normally. Two days into the flight, however, the spacecraft's engine failed to shut down following a midcourse correction. This failure caused Luna 6 to miss its target by 159,612.8 Km.

1965 June 8 - . 08:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Vehicle: HAD. LV Configuration: HAD 172.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1965 June 8 - . 15:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 299D.
  • ABRES LORV-6 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1966 June 8 - .
  • Test Pilot Joseph Albert Walker dies at age of 45 -- Killed in collision of F-104 chase plane with XB-70 bomber. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Walker, Joseph. Summary: American NACA/NASA test pilot 1945-1966. Flew D-558, X-1, X-3, X-4, and X-5, and into space on X-15 Flights 77, 90, and 91. Killed in 1968 when the F-104 he was flying collided with the XB-70 during a photo opportunity..

1966 June 8 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/3. Launch Pad: LC41/3?. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Military training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 June 8 - . 11:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 120 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 41. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1966-06-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 2196 . COSPAR: 1966-050A. Apogee: 331 km (205 mi). Perigee: 201 km (124 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

1966 June 8 - . 14:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sandia 154-53 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1967 June 8 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 2. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV. LV Configuration: Athena D053.
  • USAF D053 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1967 June 8 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. LV Configuration: Voskhod 11A57 Ya15001-13.
  • Cosmos 164 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 50. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2. Duration: 6.00 days. Decay Date: 1967-06-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 2836 . COSPAR: 1967-057A. Apogee: 317 km (196 mi). Perigee: 185 km (114 mi). Inclination: 65.6000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

1968 June 8 - . LV Family: CZ-1. Launch Vehicle: CZ-1.
  • Height of Cultural Revolution - . Nation: China. Related Persons: Tsien. Spacecraft: DFH-1. Summary: Yao Tongbin, a metallurgist at he Seventh Ministry, is beaten to death by Red Guards. Zhou En Lai intervenes, putting the top fifty missile scientists under this protection..

1968 June 8 - . 17:41 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.263CS.
  • AS&E Solar extreme ultraviolet / x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1968 June 8 - . 18:38 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.134DS.
  • NRL NE3.174 Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi). The first rocket carried a Naval Research Laboratory and University of Maryland payload to a 179-km altitude to flight test a design verification unit of the high-resolution spectroheliograph planned for use on the ATM. The second rocket carried an American Science and Engineering, Inc., payload to a 150-km altitude to obtain high-resolution x-ray pictures of active regions of the Sun during solar flare and general x-ray emission of solar corona. The rocket and instrumentation performed satisfactorily, but the payload of the first rocket failed to separate, thus preventing functioning of the parachute recovery system.

1968 June 8 - . 21:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B CE-32.
  • ESRO C32 / 2 Meteorites mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1969 June 8 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: M9148. Launch Platform: SHIP-SOV. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1970 June 8 - .
  • Soyuz 9 Day 8 - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Nikolayev; Sevastyanov; Tereshkova. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 9. Summary: During the day Tereshkova has a meeting with a Young Pioneers Group. In the evening she and Nikolayev enjoy another communications session together..

1970 June 8 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee D. LV Configuration: Astrobee D Test 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1970 June 8 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF07. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1B 1242.
  • FOT GT72B Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1971 June 8 - .
  • Soyuz 11 powered down and crew begins long-duration mission aboard Salyut 1. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Dobrovolsky; Patsayev; Volkov. Program: Salyut. Flight: Soyuz 11. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7KT-OK; Salyut 1. When the crew awakes, the station air is all right, and all eight fans and filters of the ECS are operating. Soyuz 11 is powered down and put in storage mode. The crew begins the DOS work program. But they have not yet put on their Penguin training suits and are not yet following the exercise program. Clearly, they are not taking the necessary steps to adapt to zero-G and preserve their health for their return. They take control of the station for the first time, making an orbital correction manoeuvre, and then orienting the station and its solar panels fully toward the sun. The world press is full of the great news of a new Soviet victory - the first station in space.

1971 June 8 - .
  • Decree authorising design of 11B97 nuclear electric rocket stage - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Mars 1986. Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On work on nuclear rocket engines' was issued. Prior work, mainly on propulsion for manned Mars expeditions, was now concentrated on development of the NEP rocket stage 11B97. This stage would have an electric capacity of 500-600 kW and would use specialised plasma-ion electric engines using standing plasma waves and anodes.

1971 June 8 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg.
  • Final launch of the Thor/Burner II - . Nation: USA. Summary: Final launch of the Thor/Burner II from Vandenberg AFB (first launch on 15 September 1966)..

1971 June 8 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC10W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Burner 2. LV Configuration: Thor Burner 2 210.
  • SESP 70-1 - . Payload: P70-1 / Burner II No. 12 / OPS 3850. Mass: 260 kg (570 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF STP. Class: Technology. Type: Military technology satellite. Spacecraft: SESP. Decay Date: 1982-01-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 5285 . COSPAR: 1971-054A. Apogee: 580 km (360 mi). Perigee: 544 km (338 mi). Inclination: 90.2000 deg. Period: 95.80 min. Summary: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1971 June 8 - . 19:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M. LV Configuration: Veronique 61M 61M/93.
  • GESAIR Biological/Geophysics mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi). Summary: FU194 GESAIR, Ionosphere + Biology mission..

1972 June 8 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC67/21. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M.
  • BI-3 - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1973 June 8 - . 15:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53753-210.
  • Cosmos 564 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 41. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6675 . COSPAR: 1973-037A. Apogee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,395 km (866 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min. Summary: Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 568 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 45. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6679 . COSPAR: 1973-037E. Apogee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,375 km (854 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.40 min.
  • Cosmos 567 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 44. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6678 . COSPAR: 1973-037D. Apogee: 1,483 km (921 mi). Perigee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.
  • Cosmos 569 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 46. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6680 . COSPAR: 1973-037F. Apogee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,358 km (843 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.20 min.
  • Cosmos 566 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 43. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6677 . COSPAR: 1973-037C. Apogee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,433 km (890 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.10 min.
  • Cosmos 571 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 48. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6682 . COSPAR: 1973-037H. Apogee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Perigee: 1,319 km (819 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 113.80 min.
  • Cosmos 570 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 47. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6681 . COSPAR: 1973-037G. Apogee: 1,481 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,337 km (830 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.
  • Cosmos 565 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 42. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6676 . COSPAR: 1973-037B. Apogee: 1,489 km (925 mi). Perigee: 1,449 km (900 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.

1974 June 8 - . 13:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Thule AFB. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, AN/DMQ-9- - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1975 June 8 - . 02:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/D. LV Configuration: Proton-K/D 286-01.
  • Venera 9 - . Payload: 4V-1 s/n 660. Mass: 4,936 kg (10,882 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Venera. Class: Venus. Type: Venus probe. Spacecraft: Venera 4V-1. USAF Sat Cat: 7915 . COSPAR: 1975-050A. Apogee: 112,200 km (69,700 mi). Perigee: 1,510 km (930 mi). Inclination: 34.1500 deg. Period: 2,898.00 min. Combined Venus orbiter/lander mission. After separation of the lander, the orbiter spacecraft entered Venus orbit and acted as a communications relay for the lander and explored cloud layers and atmospheric parameters. On October 20, 1975, the Descent Craft was separated from the Orbiter, and landing was made with the sun near zenith at 05:13 GMT on October 22. The Descent Craft included a system of circulating fluid to distribute the heat load. This system, plus precooling prior to entry, permitted operation of the spacecraft for 53 min after landing. The landing was about 2,200 km from the Venera 10 landing site. Preliminary results indicated: (A) clouds 30-40 km thick with bases at 30-35 km altitude, (B) atmospheric constituents including HCl, HF, Br, and I, (C) surface pressure about 90 (earth) atmospheres, (D) surface temperature 485 deg C, (E) light levels comparable to those at earth midlatitudes on a cloudy summer day, and (F) successful TV photography showing shadows, no apparent dust in the air, and a variety of 30-40 cm rocks which were not eroded. Venera 9 and 10 were the first probes to send back black and white pictures from the Venusian surface. They were supposed to make 360 degree panoramic shots, but on both landers one of two camera covers failed to come off, restricting their field of view to 180 degrees. Parameters are for Venus orbit.

1975 June 8 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 3D. LV Configuration: Titan IIID 23D-10.
  • KH-9 no. 10 - . Mass: 13,300 kg (29,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; CIA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-9. Decay Date: 1975-11-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 7918 . COSPAR: 1975-051A. Apogee: 272 km (169 mi). Perigee: 157 km (97 mi). Inclination: 96.3000 deg. Period: 88.70 min. Summary: KH-9 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1976 June 8 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 824 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1976-06-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 8877 . COSPAR: 1976-052A. Apogee: 325 km (201 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 71.4000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1977 June 8 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL1298.
  • Ionosphere mission? - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1977 June 8 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 915 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1977-06-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 10038 . COSPAR: 1977-045A. Apogee: 289 km (179 mi). Perigee: 173 km (107 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1978 June 8 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF26. Launch Pad: LF26?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT63GB Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1979 June 8 - . 07:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1105 - . Payload: Zenit-4MKT no. 9. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKT. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-06-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 11394 . COSPAR: 1979-052A. Apogee: 254 km (157 mi). Perigee: 212 km (131 mi). Inclination: 81.4000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. Summary: Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1979 June 8 - . 18:37 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 657. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4. LV Configuration: Trident C-4 C4T-3.
  • PEM-3 operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 June 8 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1982 June 8 - . 07:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1376 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-17F41. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1982-06-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 13263 . COSPAR: 1982-056A. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi). Perigee: 212 km (131 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. High resolution photo surveillance; film capsule; maneuverable; also performed earth resources tasks. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.

1982 June 8 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1377 - . Payload: Yantar-4K1 s/n 215. Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 44.00 days. Decay Date: 1982-07-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 13265 . COSPAR: 1982-057A. Apogee: 363 km (225 mi). Perigee: 173 km (107 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; 2 small film capsules recovered in course of flight and main reentry capsule with remaining film, camera, and computer systems at end of flight..

1983 June 8 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1984 June 8 - . 11:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53739-542.
  • Cosmos 1570 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 15031 . COSPAR: 1984-056A. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Perigee: 782 km (485 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 100.70 min. Summary: Replaced Cosmos 1452..

1987 June 8 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle.
  • Shuttle crash barrier tests. - . Nation: USA. Summary: Non-flight shuttle orbiter Enterprise was brought out of storage to test crash barrier designs to be used in case of an orbiter runway overrun. After this it was sent to the National Air and Space Museum for storage..

1987 June 8 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-300 Mk II.
  • Test launch - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1988 June 8 - . 08:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1989 June 8 - . 17:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78M-ML.
  • Molniya 3-35 - . Payload: Molniya-3 s/n 45. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Molniya-3. Decay Date: 2001-12-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 20052 . COSPAR: 1989-043A. Apogee: 38,918 km (24,182 mi). Perigee: 1,436 km (892 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 717.80 min. Summary: Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio communications system in the USSR; transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to stations in the Orbita network and within the framework of international cooperation. .

1990 June 8 - . 05:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 405A. LV Configuration: Titan 405A K-4 (45H-4).
  • USA 59 - . Payload: NOSS 9. Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; NRL. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: NOSS-2. USAF Sat Cat: 20641 . COSPAR: 1990-050A. Apogee: 284 km (176 mi). Perigee: 268 km (166 mi). Inclination: 61.0000 deg. Period: 90.00 min. Summary: First launch by Titan 4 of new generation of NOSS naval reconnaissance satellites. However earlier NOSS weighed only 2,000 kg; Titan 4 booster has seven times this capacity. What else was launched?.
  • USA 60 - . Payload: NOSS-Subsat 9-1. Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; NRL. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: NOSS-2 subsatellite. USAF Sat Cat: 20682 . COSPAR: 1990-050B. Apogee: 1,146 km (712 mi). Perigee: 1,071 km (665 mi). Inclination: 63.4000 deg. Period: 107.45 min.
  • USA 61 - . Payload: NOSS-Subsat 9-2. Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; NRL. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: NOSS-2 subsatellite. USAF Sat Cat: 20691 . COSPAR: 1990-050C. Apogee: 1,304 km (810 mi). Perigee: 920 km (571 mi). Inclination: 63.4250 deg. Period: 107.44 min.
  • USA 62 - . Payload: NOSS-Subsat 9-1. Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; NRL. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: NOSS-2 subsatellite. USAF Sat Cat: 20692 . COSPAR: 1990-050D. Apogee: 1,303 km (810 mi). Perigee: 920 km (572 mi). Inclination: 63.4240 deg. Period: 107.44 min.

1992 June 8 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1994 June 8 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT155GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSPC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1995 June 8 - . 04:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 2313 - . Payload: US-PM s/n 6. Mass: 3,150 kg (6,940 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: EORSAT. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: US-PU. Duration: 685.00 days. Decay Date: 1997-07-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 23596 . COSPAR: 1995-028A. Apogee: 419 km (260 mi). Perigee: 410 km (250 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 87.60 min. Summary: EORSAT, first of three to be stationed at 120 degree intervals on the same orbit with a 143 degree ascending node. However cutbacks in program resulted in the constellation not being completed. Ocean surveillance..

1995 June 8 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1996 June 8 - . 18:17 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: DC-X. Launch Vehicle: DC-XA.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Huntsville. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi). Summary: 26-hour rapid turnaround demostration; new altitude and duration record. Reached altitude of 3140 m during a 142 second flight..

2000 June 8 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier.
  • PACBLITZ 00 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

2000 June 8 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier.
  • PACBLITZ 00 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

2001 June 8 - . 14:20 GMT - .
  • EVA ISS EO-2-2 - . Crew: Usachyov; Voss. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.0271 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Usachyov; Voss. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: ISS EO-2. Depressurized work was undertaken in the Zvezda transfer section, using Orlan-M spacesuits, while Susan Helms remained in the pressurized Zarya module. The 1-meter diameter flat hatch cover was removed from the nadir docking port, opening the transfer compartment to vacuum. The Zvezda docking cone, removed from the axial port after docking with Zarya a year before, was then installed in the open hatch and sealed in place. No external spacewalk was performed.

2001 June 8 - . 15:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2378 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: Polyot. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 26818 . COSPAR: 2001-023A. Apogee: 1,011 km (628 mi). Perigee: 961 km (597 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Launch delayed from April 26/27. Parus class navigation satellite, placed initially in a 150 x 1000 km transfer orbit; the second stage of the Kosmos-3M ignited again for a short 11 second burn to put the satellite in its final orbit. This was the first Kosmos-3M flight since a failure in November 2000.

2002 June 8 - .
2003 June 8 - . 10:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. LV Configuration: Soyuz-U D15000-681.
  • Progress M1-10 - . Payload: Progress M1 s/n 259. Mass: 7,270 kg (16,020 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Korolev. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: ISS EO-7. Spacecraft: Progress M1. Duration: 117.06 days. Decay Date: 2003-10-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 27823 . COSPAR: 2003-025A. Apogee: 341 km (211 mi). Perigee: 247 km (153 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 90.40 min. Resupply of International Space Station. Additional water carried to meet needs of skeleton crew. Successfully docked with the nadir port on Pirs at 1115 GMT on June 11. It undocked from the station on September 4 to clear the port for Soyuz TMA-3 but then unusually spent a month on an autonomous earth observation mission. The deorbit engine ignited at 11:26 GMT on October 3 from a 247 x 340 km x 51.6 deg orbit, reducing the perigee to 69 km. Progress M1-10 reentered the atmosphere over the Pacific at 11:58 GMT and broke up around 12:05 GMT.

2006 June 8 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion Improved. LV Configuration: Terrier Improved Orion NASA 41.074DR.
  • DUNDEE target Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; NAWC. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2007 June 8 - . 02:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7420-XC. LV Configuration: Delta 7420-10C D324.
  • Cosmo-SkyMed 1 - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: ASI. Manufacturer: Alenia. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: Cosmo-SkyMed. USAF Sat Cat: 31598 . COSPAR: 2007-023A. Apogee: 626 km (388 mi). Perigee: 622 km (386 mi). Inclination: 97.9000 deg. Period: 97.20 min. Summary: The first of four Constellation of Small Satellites for Mediterranean basin Observation, Synthetic Aperture Radar satellites for primarily Italian military surveillance, but with products made available to civilian users as well..

2007 June 8 - . 23:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-117.
  • STS-117 - . Call Sign: Atlantis. Crew: Sturckow; Archambault; Forrester; Swanson; Olivas; Reilly; Anderson, Clayton. Return Crew: Sturckow; Archambault; Forrester; Swanson; Olivas; Reilly; Williams. Payload: Atlantis F28 / S3, S4. Mass: 122,685 kg (270,474 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Sturckow; Archambault; Forrester; Swanson; Olivas; Reilly; Anderson, Clayton; Williams. Agency: NASA. Manufacturer: Boeing. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: ISS EO-15; ISS EO-15-1; STS-117; ISS EO-15-2. Spacecraft: Atlantis. Duration: 13.84 days. Decay Date: 2007-06-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 31600 . COSPAR: 2007-024A. Apogee: 341 km (211 mi). Perigee: 330 km (200 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.20 min. The shuttle delivered the S3 and S4 truss segments to the starboard side of the International Space Station. The crew made three spacewalks to install these truss segments, conduct other station reconfiguration and installation work, deploy the solar arrays and prepare them for operation. A fourth spacewalk was added to repair loose re-entry insulation on the shuttle and get-ahead installation work on the outside of the station. The shuttle delivered NASA long-term ISS crew member Clayton Anderson to the station; and returned Suni Williams to earth. At the conclusion of this mission the station finally achieved its full-power, dual-boom configuration first conceived for Space Station Freedom in the 1980's.

2008 June 8 - .
  • EVA STS-124-3 - . Crew: Fossum; Garan. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.27 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fossum; Garan. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-124; ISS EO-17. Summary: Finished outfitting the Kibo module and nitrogen tank replacement..

2010 June 8 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 738. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5.
  • USN RV x 8 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Operational test launch.

2010 June 8 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 738. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5.
  • USN RV x 8 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Operational test launch.

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