Encyclopedia Astronautica
June 16


June 16 Chronology


1905 June 16 - .
  • Birth of Rawson Bennett - . Nation: USA. Summary: American engineer. Chief of Naval Research from 1956 to 1961.

1908 June 16 - .
  • Birth of Karl-Heinz Bringer - . Nation: France; Germany. Summary: German engineer. Developer of the Viking engine and propulsion leader of the German Rocket Team in France after WW2..

1915 June 16 - .
  • Birth of Jack Ridley - . Nation: USA. Summary: American test pilot. Technical lead for pioneering rocketplanes at Edwards AFB 1946-1956. Killed in transport aircraft crash, 1957..

1940 June 16 - .
1943 June 16 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende P7. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 V-031.
  • V-2 4031 - . Nation: Germany. Agency: Wehrmacht. Summary: Burnout at T+61 seconds. Range 238 km.

1944 June 16 - . Launch Site: Heidelager. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 18022. FAILURE: Airburst.
  • V-2 M11 G2a - . Nation: Germany. Summary: Airburst 7.2 km to the right of the planned trajectory..

1949 June 16 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 116 - . Crew: Champine. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 47. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Champine. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Summary: NACA flight 27. Spanwise pressure distribution, stability and control. Rolls and pull-ups around mach 0.91..

1951 June 16 - .
  • Birth of Michel Yves Viso - . Nation: France. Summary: French biologist payload specialist astronaut, cosmonaut, 1985-1998. Doctorate of veterinary medicine from " l'Ecole Veterinaire de Maison-Alfort ", 1975. Worked for CNES in Paris, in coordination of spaceflight activities..

1953 June 16 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 1135R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 June 16 - .
1954 June 16 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 1347T.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 June 16 - . 01:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-27. LV Configuration: Aerobee AJ10-27 USAF 56.
  • Classified mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi). Summary: Special classified flight research. Launched at 1811 local time. Reached 202.8 km..

1958 June 16 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan.
  • Dynasoar Phase I contracts announced. - . Nation: USA. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: Dynasoar. Phase I contracts for the Dyna-Soar boost-glide orbital spacecraft are awarded by the USAF to two teams of contractors: one headed by Boeing (Aerojet, General Electric, Ramo-Wooldridge, North American, and Chance Vought), and one headed by Martin (Bell, American Machine & Foundry, Bendix, Goodyear, and Minneapolis-Honeywell). Under the $ 9 million one-year contracts each team was to refine its design, leading to a competitive down-select.

1958 June 16 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg.
  • Formal establishment of Pacific Missile Range - . Nation: USA. Summary: Formal establishment of the Navy's Pacific Missile Range (with its headquarters at Point Mugu and its major launch head at Point Arguello)..

1958 June 16 - . 02:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Akita. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 6. LV Configuration: Kappa 6 K-6-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1959 June 16 - . 21:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC10E. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor DM-18A. LV Configuration: Thor DM-18A 191. FAILURE: Autopilot error.. Failed Stage: G.
  • IWST test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: RAF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi). Summary: Integrated Weapon System Training Launch 2.

1960 June 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI19.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1960 June 16 - . 12:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark-2 SL10.
  • Sodium release / Meteorites Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1961 June 16 - .
  • Fleming Committee Report: lunar mission could be accomplished within the decade - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Seamans. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Source Selection; LM Mode Debate; LM Source Selection. The Fleming Committee, which had been appointed on May 2, submitted its report to NASA associate Administrator Robert C. Seamans, Jr., on the feasibility of a manned lunar landing program. The Committee concluded that the lunar mission could be accomplished within the decade. Chief pacing items were the first stage of the launch vehicle and the facilities for testing and launching the booster. It also concluded that information on solar flare radiation and lunar surface characteristics should be obtained as soon as possible, since these factors would influence spacecraft design. Special mention was made of the need for a strong management organization.

1961 June 16 - . 07:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16. LV Configuration: R-16 14L-16T. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1961 June 16 - . 23:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena B. LV Configuration: Thor Agena B 303 / Agena B 1107.
  • Discoverer 25 - . Payload: KH-2 9017 / Agena B 1107. Mass: 1,150 kg (2,530 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-2. Decay Date: 1961-07-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 108 . COSPAR: 1961-Xi-1. Apogee: 404 km (251 mi). Perigee: 222 km (137 mi). Inclination: 82.1000 deg. Period: 90.80 min. Summary: KH-2; film capsule recovered 2.1 days later. Capsule recovered from water on orbit 32. Streaks throughout film..

1962 June 16 - .
  • Apollo propulsion to be tested at White Sands - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM SPS. Summary: NASA announced that the Apollo service module propulsion system would be tested at a new facility at White Sands Missile Range, N. Mex..

1963 June 16 - .
  • Vostok 5 day 3 / Vostok 6 launch - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Gagarin; Bykovsky; Korolev; Tereshkova; Khrushchev. Flight: Vostok 5; Vostok 6. Spacecraft: Vostok. Bykovskiy slept well, his pulse was 54. The ground station could observe him via television - he made no motion while sleeping. On orbit 23 the cosmonaut was to communicate with earth, but no transmissions were received. Gagarin asks him why, and Bykovskiy simply replies that he had nothing to say and had already had a communications session with Zarya-1. But this was not true, they also reported no transmissions. At 07:00 he is asleep again, pulse 48-51. An hour later Korolev calls and discusses the impending launch of Vostok 6, 11 hours later.

    At 12:15 Tereshkova is on the pad. Her pulse skyrockets to 140 aboard the elevator to the top of the rocket. 10 to 15 minutes later she is in the capsule and testing radio communications with ground control. There are no problems with the spacecraft or launch vehicle during the countdown - everything goes perfectly, just as it did on 12 April 1961 when Yuri Gagarin became the first man in space. Tereshkova handles the launch and ascent to orbit much better than Popovich or Nikolayev according to her biomedical readings and callouts. Kamanin feels reassured that it was no mistake to select her for the flight.

    The launch of the first woman into space creates a newspaper sensation throughout the world. Direct orbit-to-orbit communications between Tereshkova and Bykovskiy are excellent. She talks to Khrushchev and the Soviet leadership soon thereafter. This was truly a great victory for Communism!


1963 June 16 - . 01:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-3. LV Configuration: Scout X-3 S120.
  • Transit 5A-3 - . Payload: Transit 5A-3. Mass: 55 kg (121 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. Decay Date: 1990-08-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 594 . COSPAR: 1963-022A. Apogee: 360 km (220 mi). Perigee: 350 km (210 mi). Inclination: 89.8000 deg. Period: 91.60 min. First operational prototype with a redesigned power supply. A malfunction of the memory occurred during powered flight that kept it from accepting and storing navigation messages, and the oscillator stability was degraded during launch. The satellite could not be used for navigation, but it was the first to achieve gravity-gradient stabilization, and its other subsystems performed well.

1963 June 16 - . 09:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8K72K.
  • Vostok 6 - . Call Sign: Chayka (Seagull ). Crew: Tereshkova. Backup Crew: Solovyova; Ponomaryova. Payload: Vostok 3KA s/n 8. Mass: 4,713 kg (10,390 lb). Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Korolev; Tereshkova; Solovyova; Ponomaryova. Agency: Korolev. Program: Vostok. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Vostok 6. Spacecraft: Vostok. Duration: 2.95 days. Decay Date: 1963-06-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 595 . COSPAR: 1963-023A. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi). Perigee: 165 km (102 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 87.80 min. Joint flight with Vostok 5. First woman in space, and the only Russian woman to go into space until Svetlana Savitskaya 19 years later. On its first orbit, Vostok 6 came within about five km of Vostok 5, the closest distance achieved during the flight, and established radio contact. Flight objectives included: Comparative analysis of the effect of various space-flight factors on the male and female organisms; medico-biological research; further elaboration and improvement of spaceship systems under conditions of joint flight. It was Korolev's idea just after Gagarin's flight to put a woman into space as yet another novelty. Khrushchev made the final crew selection. Korolev was unhappy with Tereshkova's performance in orbit and she was not permitted to take manual control of the spacecraft as had been planned.

1964 June 16 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NB3.147.
  • Ultraviolet / extreme ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1965 June 16 - . 13:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1 C2X-2.
  • STAFF 2 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 650 km (400 mi).

1965 June 16 - . 18:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-43-66.
  • X-15A Radiometer/BLN test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5477 kph. Maximum Altitude - 74585 m..

1966 June 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C70.
  • Sodium release / Turbulence Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 June 16 - . 05:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sandia 154-84 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1966 June 16 - . 06:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sandia 154-82 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1966 June 16 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 3C. LV Configuration: Titan IIIC 3C-11.
  • GGTS 1 - . Mass: 47 kg (103 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Technology. Type: Gravity gradient technology satellite. Spacecraft: GGTS. USAF Sat Cat: 2207 . COSPAR: 1966-053A. Apogee: 33,858 km (21,038 mi). Perigee: 33,663 km (20,917 mi). Inclination: 4.2000 deg. Period: 1,334.00 min. Summary: Gravity gradient stabilization tests. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • IDCSP 1-7 - . Payload: IDCSP 7 / OPS 9317. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: IDCSP. USAF Sat Cat: 2221 . COSPAR: 1966-053H. Apogee: 34,359 km (21,349 mi). Perigee: 33,711 km (20,947 mi). Inclination: 5.0000 deg. Period: 1,347.60 min. Summary: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • IDCSP 1-5 - . Payload: IDCSP 5 / OPS 9315. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: IDCSP. USAF Sat Cat: 2219 . COSPAR: 1966-053F. Apogee: 34,093 km (21,184 mi). Perigee: 33,712 km (20,947 mi). Inclination: 8.9000 deg. Period: 1,340.90 min. Summary: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • IDCSP 1-4 - . Payload: IDCSP 4 / OPS 9314. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: IDCSP. USAF Sat Cat: 2218 . COSPAR: 1966-053E. Apogee: 34,017 km (21,137 mi). Perigee: 33,694 km (20,936 mi). Inclination: 8.0000 deg. Period: 1,338.60 min. Summary: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • IDCSP 1-3 - . Payload: IDCSP 3 / OPS 9313. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: IDCSP. USAF Sat Cat: 2217 . COSPAR: 1966-053D. Apogee: 33,955 km (21,098 mi). Perigee: 33,669 km (20,920 mi). Inclination: 8.3000 deg. Period: 1,336.40 min. Summary: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • IDCSP 1-2 - . Payload: IDCSP 2 / OPS 9312. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: IDCSP. USAF Sat Cat: 2216 . COSPAR: 1966-053C. Apogee: 33,923 km (21,078 mi). Perigee: 33,657 km (20,913 mi). Inclination: 4.9000 deg. Period: 1,335.30 min. Summary: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • IDCSP 1-1 - . Payload: IDCSP 1 / OPS 9311. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: IDCSP. USAF Sat Cat: 2215 . COSPAR: 1966-053B. Apogee: 33,888 km (21,056 mi). Perigee: 33,656 km (20,912 mi). Inclination: 8.3000 deg. Period: 1,334.40 min. Summary: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • IDCSP 1-6 - . Payload: IDCSP 6 / OPS 9316. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: IDCSP. USAF Sat Cat: 2220 . COSPAR: 1966-053G. Apogee: 34,215 km (21,260 mi). Perigee: 33,707 km (20,944 mi). Inclination: 8.7000 deg. Period: 1,343.90 min. Summary: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..

1966 June 16 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7C. LV Configuration: Skylark-7C ESRO S17/1.
  • MPE Barium release Aeronomy / barium release mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1967 June 16 - . 04:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 166 - . Payload: DS-U3-S s/n 1. Mass: 357 kg (787 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U3-S. Completed Operations Date: 1967-09-26 . Decay Date: 1967-10-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 2848 . COSPAR: 1967-061A. Apogee: 555 km (344 mi). Perigee: 288 km (178 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 93.00 min. Summary: Specialized orbital solar observatory for measuring solar rays in mulitple spectral zones..

1967 June 16 - . 10:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.49IE.
  • GRS Test Technology / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA; DFVLR. Apogee: 1,100 km (600 mi).

1967 June 16 - . 21:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thorad Agena D SLV-2G. LV Configuration: Thorad SLV-2G Agena D 509 / Agena D SS-01B 1633.
  • KH-4A 1042 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1042 / Agena D 1633 / OPS 3559. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; CIA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1967-07-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 2850 . COSPAR: 1967-062A. Apogee: 380 km (230 mi). Perigee: 169 km (105 mi). Inclination: 80.0000 deg. Period: 90.00 min. Summary: KH-4A. Small out-of-focus area in forward camera of 1042-1..
  • OPS 1873 - . Payload: EHH B8. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: SSF. Decay Date: 1968-10-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 2851 . COSPAR: 1967-062xx. Apogee: 197 km (122 mi). Perigee: 182 km (113 mi). Inclination: 80.2000 deg. Period: 88.30 min.
  • SRV 725 - . Payload: SRV 1042-1 / OPS 1873. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1968-10-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 2851 . COSPAR: 1967-062B. Apogee: 517 km (321 mi). Perigee: 501 km (311 mi). Inclination: 80.2000 deg. Period: 94.80 min. Summary: Radar monitoring..

1969 June 16 - . 17:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1970 June 16 - . LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K.
  • Development of TKS ferry for Almaz authorised. Soyuz 7K-TK cancelled - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Chelomei. Spacecraft: TKS; Soyuz 7K-TK. Decree 437-160 'On creation of the TKS and termination of the 7K-TK' was issued. In 1969 Chelomei proposed replacement of the 11F72 Soyuz 7K-TK with his own transport-supply spacecraft 11F72 (transportnovo korablya snabzheniya - TKS). This would consist of the same 11F74 VA landing capsule used on the Almaz station, together with a new 11F77 functional-cargo block (funktsionalno-gruzovovo blok, FGB). This would transport three crew and sufficient supplies for 90 day operation of the Almaz.

1970 June 16 - .
  • Soyuz 9 Day 16 - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Nikolayev; Sevastyanov; Mishin; Ryazanskiy. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 9. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK. All is normal aboard Soyuz 9, except that one of the local telemetry commutators in Ryazanskiy's system has failed. The telemetry data involved is not critical to the flight, and Mishin and Ryazanskiy allow the flight to continue. Mishin is considering extending the flight to 19 or 20 days. To do this the crew will have to stretch their rations. Kamanin finds himself out of the decision loop, 'as usual'. The landing commission wants to complete the flight as scheduled on the 287th orbit.

1971 June 16 - .
  • Soyuz 11 Day 11 - fire aboard the station. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Chelomei; Mishin; Popovich; Sevastyanov; Khrunov; Volynov; Shatalov; Dobrovolsky; Patsayev; Volkov; Nikolayev; Bykovsky. Program: Salyut; Almaz. Flight: Soyuz 11. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7KT-OK; Salyut 1; Almaz OPS; Soyuz OB-VI; Soyuz VI. Kamanin is to fly back to Yevpatoriya in the afternoon. Chelomei is often ill lately -- Mishin is using the opportunity to lobby Ustinov and Smirnov to kill Almaz, and increase the DOS-7K order from four to ten. Mishin killed Kozlov's Soyuz VI in a similar manner. Prior to his departure, the cosmonauts brief Kamanin on the results of the visits of Popovich and Sevastyanov to France, and Khrunov to the USA. Kamanin is having trouble with the leadership in allowing Volynov to be assigned to another crew.

    As Kamanin is on the way to the airport, a serious situation develops aboard the station. At 13:00 the cosmonauts report a strong burning smell, and smoke in the station. The crew evacuates the station and retreat to the Soyuz lifeboat. Forty minutes later, just as Kamanin is boarding the Tu-104, Shatalov reports that the mission will continue, but the situation aboard the station is not comfortable. The crew has turned off the primary oxygen regenerator and exchanged the filters of the oxygen supply and reserve regenerator. At 14:05 Kamanin finally boards the aircraft, which takes off and sets course for the Crimea. At 14:30 they are ordered to turn around and land at Chkalovksy Airfield outside Moscow. The whole thing turns out to be a banal mistake by one of the officers at an air traffic control station! They lose two hours in the process. No information is available when the Tu-104 finally lands at Saki, since Nikolayev and the other cosmonauts who attended the emergency meetings had taken off to return to Moscow three hours earlier. Kamanin finally arrives at Yevpatoriya at 23:00, in time for a comms session with Dobrovolsky and Patsayev (Volkov is sleeping). The Soyuz 11 crew reports that the training suits are very tiring. Dobrovolsky reports all is now normal otherwise. He requests permission to continue the flight. Bykovsky reports that the situation on the station is now stable. There is no more smoke or burning smell, but the crew has been overloaded in the last six hours. They have done a lot of work with no food or rest. The situation was so bad at one point that preparations had been made for undocking the Soyuz for an emergency return to earth.


1971 June 16 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100U.
  • Phase 1 state trials flight - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 June 16 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 640. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon. LV Configuration: Poseidon C3E.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1973 June 16 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC104. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 June 16 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 AC SL1111.
  • Far ultraviolet OGS Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1974 June 16 - . 05:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC NASA 21.17UG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1975 June 16 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1976 June 16 - . 13:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 833 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1976-06-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 8898 . COSPAR: 1976-055A. Apogee: 316 km (196 mi). Perigee: 180 km (110 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1977 June 16 - .
  • Death of Wernher von Braun - . Nation: Germany; USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Summary: German-American chief designer, leader of the 'Rocket Team'; developed the V-2, Redstone, Jupiter, and the Saturn rockets that took US to the moon. He made the idea of space travel popular in the 1950's and a reality in the 1960's..

1977 June 16 - . Launch Site: WTR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 610. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3T?.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 June 16 - . Launch Site: WTR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 610. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3T?.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 June 16 - . Launch Site: WTR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 610. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3T?.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 June 16 - . Launch Site: WTR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 610. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3T?.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 June 16 - . Launch Site: WTR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 610. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3T?.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 June 16 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF21. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3. LV Configuration: Minuteman 3 STM-14W.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1977 June 16 - . 01:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 917 - . Payload: Oko #7. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Military. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 10059 . COSPAR: 1977-047A. Apogee: 36,143 km (22,458 mi). Perigee: 4,196 km (2,607 mi). Inclination: 67.6000 deg. Period: 717.50 min. Summary: Covered Oko constellation plane 9 - 245 degree longitude of ascending node..

1977 June 16 - . 10:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2914. LV Configuration: Delta 2914 616/D131.
  • GOES 2 - . Payload: GOES B. Mass: 627 kg (1,382 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NOAA. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: GOES. USAF Sat Cat: 10061 . COSPAR: 1977-048A. Apogee: 36,080 km (22,410 mi). Perigee: 35,985 km (22,360 mi). Inclination: 14.1000 deg. Period: 1,448.70 min. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Atlantic Ocean at 75 deg W in 1977-1978 over the Americas at 100-110 deg W in 1979-1984 over the Americas at 112-114 deg W in 1984-1990 over the Atlantic Ocean 60 deg W in 1990-1992 over the Pacific Ocean 135 deg W in 1992-1995; over the Pacific Ocean 177 deg W in 1995-on. As of 4 September 2001 located at 147.59 deg W drifting at 3.154 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 8 located at 1.58W drifting at 3.141W degrees per day.

1978 June 16 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • ABRES ANT-3 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1978 June 16 - . 10:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2914. LV Configuration: Delta 2914 625/D142.
  • GOES 3 - . Payload: GOES C. Mass: 627 kg (1,382 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NOAA. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: GOES. USAF Sat Cat: 10953 . COSPAR: 1978-062A. Apogee: 35,812 km (22,252 mi). Perigee: 35,767 km (22,224 mi). Inclination: 9.8000 deg. Period: 1,436.30 min. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Pacific Ocean at 135 deg W in 1978-1981 over the Americas at 90 deg W in 1982-1984 over the Pacific Ocean 135 deg W in 1985-1987 over the Americas at129 deg W in 1987-1990 over the Pacific Ocean 175 deg W in 1990-1995 over the Americas at 102-110 deg W in 1996-on. As of 5 September 2001 located at 101.78 deg W drifting at 0.017 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 105.91W drifting at 0.030W degrees per day.

1979 June 16 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1980 June 16 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.58DG.
  • NRL far ultraviolet Spectrograph Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 217 km (134 mi).

1981 June 16 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1276 - . Payload: Zenit-4MKT no. 18. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKT. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-06-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 12517 . COSPAR: 1981-055A. Apogee: 233 km (144 mi). Perigee: 211 km (131 mi). Inclination: 82.4000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. Summary: Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1982 June 16 - . 17:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1983 June 16 - . 06:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Hydac. LV Configuration: Nike Hydac GL A11.074.
  • STATE Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1983 June 16 - . 07:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas A14.311-2.
  • STATE 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1983 June 16 - . 11:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 1. LV Configuration: Ariane 1 L6.
  • Eutelsat 1 - . Payload: ECS 1. Mass: 1,050 kg (2,310 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: Eutelsat. Program: Eutelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: ECS/OTS. Completed Operations Date: 1996-12-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 14128 . COSPAR: 1983-058A. Apogee: 36,246 km (22,522 mi). Perigee: 36,123 km (22,445 mi). Inclination: 9.2000 deg. Period: 1,456.50 min. Designator ESA/83/4. Launch time 1159 GMT. Launch agency ESA. Geostationary position 10+/- 0.1 deg E. EUTELSAT 1 is a regional geostationary telecommunication Satellite for European countries. It is operated by the EUTELSAT organization. Frequency plan: 1 36-138 MHz (S-E). 148-149.9 MHz (E-S). 10.7-11.7 GHz (S-E). 14-14.5 GHz (E-S). Positions: Document Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 10 deg E in 1983; 13 deg E in 1983-1989; 16 deg E in 1989-1991; 25 deg E in 1992-1993; 48E1993-1996; 36 deg E in 1996 As of 31 August 2001 located at 12.27 deg W drifting at 5.043 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 109.78W drifting at 5.059W degrees per day.
  • Oscar 10 - . Payload: Phase 3B. Mass: 70 kg (154 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: AmSat. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft: Oscar. USAF Sat Cat: 14129 . COSPAR: 1983-058B. Apogee: 35,442 km (22,022 mi). Perigee: 4,007 km (2,489 mi). Inclination: 27.2000 deg. Period: 699.50 min. AMSAT Oscar 10, registration no D-R 001. Scientific and communication satellite for the amateur radio service. Frequency plan: Transponder U: 435.1 MHz (uplink), 145.9 MHz (downlink), Bandwidth +/- 75 kHz. Transponder L: 1269.45 MHz (uplink), 436.55 MHz ( downlink), bandwidth +/- 400 kHz. Two beacons adjacent to passband. Launch vehicle Ariane L6. First amateur satellite with onboard propulsion (which did not function entirely correctly, due to collision with launch vehicle after separation - hence the not-quite-Molniya-orbit). Computer control failed December 1986 due to radiation damage to memory. As a result, ground control stations have no control over the spacecraft. However, when the orientation is favourable (with respect to the Earth and Sun), OSCAR 10 continues to provide good Mode B service. If users coorperate, OSCAR 10 may provide many more years of service. Project Management: AMSAT-NA (Jan King, W3GEY) and AMSAT-DL (Karl Meinzer, DJ4ZC). Spacecraft sub-systems: Contributed by groups in Canada, Hungary, Japan, United States and West Germany. Spacecraft: Spin Stabilised with Magnetorquers: Power: 50 W solar array, 2 NiCd batteries. Payload: Transponders/Beacons: Mode B: Type: Linear, inverting, 50W; General Beacon: 145.809 MHz (Carrier); Engineering Beacon: 145.987 MHz; Uplink: 435.030-435.180 MHz; Downlink: 145.975-145.825 MHz. Mode L (no longer operational): Type: Linear, inverting, 50W: Beacons: 436.020, 436.040 MHz; Uplink 1269.450 MHz (800 kHz); Downlink 436.550 MHz.

1985 June 16 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT108GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1985 June 16 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF26. Launch Pad: LF26?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT109GB Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1986 June 16 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1987 June 16 - . 15:30 GMT - .
1987 June 16 - . 17:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 65026-184.
  • Cosmos 1852 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 313. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 18113 . COSPAR: 1987-051A. Apogee: 1,499 km (931 mi). Perigee: 1,473 km (915 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.70 min. Summary: Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1856 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 317. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 18117 . COSPAR: 1987-051E. Apogee: 1,478 km (918 mi). Perigee: 1,431 km (889 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 1854 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 315. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 18115 . COSPAR: 1987-051C. Apogee: 1,481 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,458 km (905 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.
  • Cosmos 1859 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 320. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 18120 . COSPAR: 1987-051H. Apogee: 1,477 km (917 mi). Perigee: 1,387 km (861 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.50 min.
  • Cosmos 1858 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 319. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 18119 . COSPAR: 1987-051G. Apogee: 1,478 km (918 mi). Perigee: 1,402 km (871 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min.
  • Cosmos 1857 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 318. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 18118 . COSPAR: 1987-051F. Apogee: 1,477 km (917 mi). Perigee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.
  • Cosmos 1853 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 314. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 18114 . COSPAR: 1987-051B. Apogee: 1,483 km (921 mi). Perigee: 1,472 km (914 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.50 min.
  • Cosmos 1855 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 316. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 18116 . COSPAR: 1987-051D. Apogee: 1,477 km (917 mi). Perigee: 1,447 km (899 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.10 min.

1988 June 16 - . 06:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout G. LV Configuration: Scout G-1 S213C.
  • Nova 2 - . Mass: 174 kg (383 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: TIP. USAF Sat Cat: 19223 . COSPAR: 1988-052A. Apogee: 1,198 km (744 mi). Perigee: 1,154 km (717 mi). Inclination: 90.1000 deg. Period: 108.90 min. Summary: Improved Transit. Pulsed plasma thruster.

1989 June 16 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 2028 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 20.00 days. Decay Date: 1989-07-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 20073 . COSPAR: 1989-047A. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. Summary: Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1992 June 16 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands SULF. Launch Vehicle: Storm. LV Configuration: Storm S2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • BTTV-2 Validation test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1993 June 16 - .
  • Death of Shen Qizhen - . Nation: China. Related Persons: Shen Qizhen. Summary: Chinese PLA Physician. Chairman of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, one of three senior scientists that laid out plans for the first Chinese manned spacecraft in April 1966..

1993 June 16 - . 04:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 47135-601.
  • Cosmos 2251 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 22675 . COSPAR: 1993-036A. Apogee: 803 km (498 mi). Perigee: 778 km (483 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.70 min. Summary: Replaced Cosmos 2112. Inactive when it collided with Iridium 33 at 16:56 GMT on 10 February 2009, destroying both satellites and creating a debris cloud im MEO..

1993 June 16 - . 04:39 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.101UL.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 253 km (157 mi).

1995 June 16 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas.
  • General Dynamics Space Division bought by Martin - . Nation: USA.

1997 June 16 - .
  • Mir News 361: Progress-M35 - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Mir NASA-4; Mir EO-23. If all goes according to plan this freighter will be launched on 27.06.1997 at 0630 UTC. If launch and flight will be successful Progress-M35 will dock at Mir's aft docking port (X-axis) on 29.06.1997 at abt 0748 UTC.

    Progress-M34:

    There are no plans for an autonomous flight with Progress-M34. If during the first day of the flight of Progress-M35 all goes well Progress-M34 will separate from Mir on 28.06.1997 and brought on a destruction course for decay over a designated area in the Pacific East of New Zealand.

    Radio-amateur traffic:

    As requested by radio-amateurs in the USA the 'downlink frequency' of the VHF station in Mir's base block has been changed from 145.800 to 145.985 mc. This change took place on 15.06.97. Almost during every pass within our range traffic, mainly Packet Radio, can be monitored. During the last days Foale could be heard in Phone. Foale is a skilled radio-amateur with a very good memory. During a QSO with the Belgian amateur ON6GP he remarked that during mission STS-45 ON6GP spoke with Foale's crew mate the Belgian astronaut Frimaut.

    Communications:

    Tsibliyev and Lazutkin during every pass discuss their reparation activities. They meet a lot of problems with cables and contacts which they cannot find or do not fit. Undoubtedly the present mission, teased by a lot of problems and set-backs, is leaving its traces on the psychological stamina of Tsibliyev and Lazutkin. Especially for Tsibliyev it is not always easy to maintain his normal flexibility.

    In a long conversation with his father Foale told that he just flew over England. The British isles were fully overcast and the cloud layer had the same shape as the country itself. He also told that Tsibliyev and Lazutkin badly hope that the relief crew will be launched at abt. 8.08.97. The Russians will be relieved by Solovyov and Vinogradov. After the departure of the present crew Foale will remain on board Mir. So he will be a member of Mir's Main Expedition nr. 24 (Solovyov and Vinogradov) for a period of appr. 7 weeks. Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202.


1998 June 16 - . 14:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion NASA 31.111UP.
  • Cincinatti / OhioSGC Aeronomy / education mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1999 June 16 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde. LV Configuration: AN/DMQ-9.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

2000 June 16 - . 08:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: Prithvi. Launch Vehicle: Prithvi. LV Configuration: Prithvi 17.
  • Test mission - . Nation: India. Agency: IDRDL. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2000 June 16 - .
  • Landing of Soyuz TM-30 - . Return Crew: Kaleri; Zalyotin. Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Kaleri; Zalyotin. Program: Mir. Flight: Mir EO-28. Summary: Soyuz TM-30 undocked from Mir on June 15 21:24 GMT. Retrofire came at 23:52 GMT, followed by a safe landing at June 16, 00:44 GMT near Arkalyk in Kazakkstan. Thus ended the last human expedition to the Mir space station..

2001 June 16 - . 01:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2M. LV Configuration: Proton-K/DM-2M (DM3) 403-02.
  • Astra 2C - . Mass: 3,728 kg (8,218 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: SES. Manufacturer: El Segundo. Program: Astra. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 601. USAF Sat Cat: 26853 . COSPAR: 2001-025A. Apogee: 35,805 km (22,248 mi). Perigee: 35,768 km (22,225 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Launch delayed from June 11. Astra 2C was a European (SES - Societe Europeene des Satellites, Luxembourg) geosynchronous communications Boeing 601HP spacecraft. The 3.7 tonne (including 1.2 tonne of fuel), 8 kW satellite was the fifth in the Astra series. It carried 32 Ku-band transponders to provide voice, video, and data links to Western Europe through a pair of 3 m diameter dishes, after parking over 28.2 deg-E longitude. As of 5 September 2001 located at 19.13 deg E drifting at 0.005 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 19.23E drifting at 0.024W degrees per day.

2002 June 16 - .
2004 June 16 - . 22:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton/Briz M. LV Configuration: Proton-M/Briz-M 535-06.
  • Intelsat 10-02 - . Payload: Eurostar 3000H. Mass: 5,575 kg (12,290 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Intelsat. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 28358 . COSPAR: 2004-022A. Apogee: 35,803 km (22,246 mi). Perigee: 35,771 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Heaviest single payload to geosynchronous transfer orbit to that date. Delayed from late 2003, June 10 and 15, 2004. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 0.99W drifting at 0.002W degrees per day..

2005 June 16 - . 23:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. LV Configuration: Soyuz-U Zh15000-094 / ISS-18P.
  • Progress M-53 - . Payload: Progress M s/n 353. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Korolev. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: ISS EO-11. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 82.62 days. Decay Date: 2005-09-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 28700 . COSPAR: 2005-021A. Apogee: 353 km (219 mi). Perigee: 350 km (210 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.60 min. Delayed from June 10. Space station resupply mission. After a communications failure, ISS Commander Krikalyov took manual remote control used the TORU system to guide Progress M-53 to a docking at the ISS Zvezda module at 00:42 GMT on 19 June. Undocked at 10:26 GMT on 7 September into a 350 km x 351 km orbit. Progress M-53 began retrofire at 13:26 GMT the same day, lowering its perigee to 56 km and thereby ensuring a destructive re-entry into the Pacific Ocean.

2006 June 16 - .
2007 June 16 - .
2008 June 16 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 06/16/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kononenko, O D; Volkov, Sergey. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-17. Today 45 years ago (June 16, 1963), Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova became the first woman to orbit the earth.

    Launched on Vostok 6, Mayor General Tereshkova (Codename Chaika, 'Seagull'), 26 years old at that time, orbited the earth 48 times in 2d 22h 50m. Underway: Week 9 of Increment 17.

    FE-2 Chamitoff ended his FD15 session with the NASA/JSC experiment NUTRITION w/Repository, his first, by collecting a final urine sample upon wakeup for storage in the MELFI (Minus-Eighty Laboratory Freezer for ISS). The sampling kit was then stowed away. Greg's next NUTRITION activity will be the FD30 session. (The current NUTRITION project is the most comprehensive in-flight study done by NASA to date of human physiologic changes during long-duration space flight. It includes measures of bone metabolism, oxidative damage, nutritional assessments, and hormonal changes, expanding the previous Clinical Nutritional Assessment profile (MR016L) testing in three ways: Addition of in-flight blood & urine collection (made possible by MELFI), normative markers of nutritional assessment, and a return session plus 30-day (R+30) session to allow evaluation of post-flight nutrition and implications for rehabilitation.) Additional Details: ISS On-Orbit Status 06/16/08.


2010 June 16 - . 10:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • GT200-GM1 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). Summary: Operational test launch.

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