Encyclopedia Astronautica
June 21


June 21 Chronology


1944 June 21 - . Launch Site: Heidelager. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 18052. FAILURE: Airburst.
  • V-2 M21 G2b - . Nation: Germany. Summary: Airburst 2.25 km to the left of the planned trajectory..

1946 June 21 - . LV Family: R-1. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
  • NII-4 founded. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Decree 'On establishment of NII-4' was issued..

1954 June 21 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas A.
  • Schriever named head of Atlas program. - . Nation: USA. Summary: Brigadier-General Bernard A. Schriever, ARDC, assigned to head Atlas program.

1956 June 21 - . LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5M.
  • R-5M - the first nuclear Soviet ballistic missile - is accepted into military service. - . Nation: USSR. Decree 'On adoption of the R-5M into armaments' was issued. Deployment of the missile began in 1956 in brigades of six launchers. Initially it took 30 hours to prepare the rocket for launch, but this was reduced to 5 to 6 hours after several years of service.

1956 June 21 - . Launch Site: Edwards. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas A.
  • Atlas ICBM first test firing - . Nation: USA. First captive Atlas first test firing. The 'battleship' missile was installed at test stand 1-4, Edwards Air Force Base. The test was a failure due to inadvertant closure of the fuel prevalve, leading to duct collapse, and a turbine overspeed cutoff. No damage was sustained and the first successful firing came the next day. Atlas, First successful captive test firing, June 22, 1956, Edwards Rocket Base, duration - 4 seconds. Successful.

1956 June 21 - . 18:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-34. LV Configuration: Aerobee AJ10-34 USAF 69.
  • E-layer Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi). Summary: Ionosphere research. Launched at 1148 local time. Reached 146.5 km..

1958 June 21 - .
  • Birth of Gennadi Ivanovich Padalka - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-26, ISS EO-9, ISS EO-19. 585 cumulative days in space..

1959 June 21 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5V.
  • Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1960 June 21 - .
  • Radiation and its effect on manned space flight - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Heat Shield; CSM Source Selection. Robert O. Piland, Head of the STG Advanced Vehicle Team, and Stanley C. White of STG attended a meeting in Washington, D. C., sponsored by the NASA Office of Life Sciences Programs, to discuss radiation and its effect on manned space flight. Their research showed that it would be impracticable to shield against the inner Van Allen belt radiation but possible to shield against the outer belt with a moderate amount of protection. Additional Details: Radiation and its effect on manned space flight.

1960 June 21 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5A. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 201/C. LV Configuration: Black Knight-201/C BK.09.
  • Gaslight Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 484 km (300 mi).

1961 June 21 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NE3.102.
  • NRL NE3.102 Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 271 km (168 mi).

1962 June 21 - . 17:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-6-10.
  • X-15A MH-96 Demo, M=5 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5858 kph. Maximum Altitude - 75190 m..

1963 June 21 - .
  • Vostok 5/6 cosmonaut debriefing - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Tereshkova; Bykovsky. Flight: Vostok 6; Vostok 5. Spacecraft: Vostok. Tomorrow morning the entire entourage would depart for Moscow. But on this day at the house on the Volga the cosmonauts were subjected to the attentions of seventy doctors, 100 correspondents, and a large additional number of KGB supervisors, military officers, and engineers. Tereshkova looked fresh and her first press conference with sixty correspondents went well - she made no big errors.

1963 June 21 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U. FAILURE: Failure.
  • BD - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1963 June 21 - . 16:44 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: EAG-154. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3X-22.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1964 June 21 - .
1965 June 21 - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • 1,000th test firing of the F-1 engine - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Summary: North American's Rocketdyne Division conducted the 1,000th test firing of the Saturn V's first-stage engine, the F-1..

1965 June 21 - .
  • Birth of Yang Liwei - . Nation: China. Summary: Chinese pilot taikonaut. Flew on Shenzhou 5. First Chinese man in space..

1966 June 21 - .
  • Military space plan through 1970 issued. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Military-Industrial Commission (VPK) Decree 'On long-range military use of space in 1966-70' was issued..

1966 June 21 - . 21:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena D SLV-2A/D. LV Configuration: Thor SLV-2A Agena D 466 / Agena D SS-01B 1626.
  • KH-4A 1034 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1034 / Agena D 1626 / OPS 1599. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; CIA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1966-07-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 2227 . COSPAR: 1966-055A. Apogee: 359 km (223 mi). Perigee: 207 km (128 mi). Inclination: 80.1000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. Summary: KH-4A. Failure of velocity/altitude programmer produced poor imagery after revolution 5..

1967 June 21 - .
  • Almaz draft project approved. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Chelomei; Kozlov. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-TK; Almaz OPS. Military-Industrial Commission (VPK) Decree 'On approval of the Almaz draft project' was issued. Chelomei's draft project showed the 11F71 Almaz station to consist of an 11F75 orbital block and an 11F74 VA landing apparatus (derived from the Apollo-type capsule he had designed for his LK-1 circumlunar spacecraft). Launch of the re-entry capsule with the cosmonauts would eliminate the need for the Soyuz 7K-TK ferry under development by Kozlov.

1967 June 21 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1B 1357.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1967 June 21 - . 19:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin NASA 8.26UI.
  • ISIS overflight Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 792 km (492 mi).

1967 June 21 - . 19:49 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.179UA.
  • UMn mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1968 June 21 - .
  • HL-10 Flight 9 - . Crew: Gentry. Payload: HL-10 flight 9. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gentry. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: HL-10. Summary: Maximum Speed - 681 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13720 m. Flight Time - 271 sec..

1968 June 21 - .
  • Soyuz S Project Completed - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-S; Soyuz OB-VI. Summary: The draft project OIS 11F730 was issued jointly by TsKBEM and Filial 3 on 21 June 1968..

1968 June 21 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 228 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1968-07-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 3298 . COSPAR: 1968-053A. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; deployed cosmic ray experiment capsule..
  • Nauka - . Payload: Nauka. Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Spacecraft: Nauka. Decay Date: 1968-07-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 3306 . COSPAR: 1968-053G. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.56 min.

1969 June 21 - .
  • Design issued for OIS military space station. - . Nation: USSR. Program: Almaz. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-S; Soyuz OB-VI. Summary: Draft project OIS 11F730, was issued by TsKBEM and filial 3 jointly. In the course of 1969 complete drawings were released for the OIS project including modules for the spacecraft 7K-S, 7K-S-I, and 7K-S-II..

1969 June 21 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 June 21 - . 08:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta E1. LV Configuration: Thor Delta E1 482/D69.
  • Explorer 41 - . Payload: IMP G. Mass: 174 kg (383 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: IMP. Decay Date: 1972-12-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 3990 . COSPAR: 1969-053A. Apogee: 98,159 km (60,993 mi). Perigee: 80,374 km (49,941 mi). Inclination: 86.0000 deg. Period: 4,906.30 min. Summary: Cislunar radiation data. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1970 June 21 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKMR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1971 June 21 - .
  • Soyuz 11 Day 16 - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Dobrovolsky; Patsayev; Volkov. Program: Salyut. Flight: Soyuz 11. Summary: The State Commission decides that the flight of Soyuz 11 can continue to 27 to 30 June. Kamanin wanted to bring the crew down earlier, but his position is rejected. He has become so tired of some of his unsupportive higher-ups..

1972 June 21 - . 06:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 493 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1972-07-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 6053 . COSPAR: 1972-042A. Apogee: 267 km (165 mi). Perigee: 202 km (125 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule..

1972 June 21 - . 20:01 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.304NA.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1973 June 21 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC177. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 June 21 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB APF-4B-30.
  • Galactic X-rays X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 686 km (426 mi).

1973 June 21 - . 13:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 575 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1973-07-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 6709 . COSPAR: 1973-043A. Apogee: 271 km (168 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 65.4000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated capsule..

1974 June 21 - .
  • State Commission formed to oversee Soyuz-S flight tests - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-S; Soyuz OB-VI. Military-Industrial Commission (VPK) Decree 'On establishment of the State Commission for testing the Soyuz-T' was issued. A State Commission was formed to oversee the flight tests of the solo mission 7K-S. The draft design for 7K-ST space station transport version was completed in August 1974.

1974 June 21 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC177. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 June 21 - . 09:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 65053-205.
  • Cosmos 661 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-08-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 7339 . COSPAR: 1974-045A. Apogee: 548 km (340 mi). Perigee: 511 km (317 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Summary: Possible ELINT satellite..

1974 June 21 - . 12:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1975 June 21 - . 11:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 1910. LV Configuration: Delta 1910 586/D112.
  • OSO 8 - . Payload: OSO I. Mass: 1,066 kg (2,350 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: OSO. Decay Date: 1986-07-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 7970 . COSPAR: 1975-057A. Apogee: 553 km (343 mi). Perigee: 539 km (334 mi). Inclination: 32.9000 deg. Period: 95.60 min. Summary: Orbiting Solar Observatory. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1976 June 21 - . 07:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • OT GT33GM operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1977 June 21 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC NASA 21.45NP.
  • SPAR 4 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1978 June 21 - . 09:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53716-317.
  • Cosmos 1023 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 10961 . COSPAR: 1978-063A. Apogee: 786 km (488 mi). Perigee: 766 km (475 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 100.40 min.

1979 June 21 - .
  • Start assembly crew module, Challenger (OV-099) - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: Challenger.

1979 June 21 - . 05:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.40UG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi).

1980 June 21 - . 18:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 1-47 - . Payload: Molniya-1T. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Molniya-1T. Decay Date: 1991-04-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 11856 . COSPAR: 1980-053A. Apogee: 24,508 km (15,228 mi). Perigee: 98 km (60 mi). Inclination: 63.6000 deg. Period: 423.50 min. Summary: Uncertain if Molniya-1T model was Molniya-1 or Molniya-1T. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radiocommunications system in the USSR; transmission of television programmes to stations in the Orbita network..

1981 June 21 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1982 June 21 - . 21:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1983 June 21 - . 20:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion NASA 33.33UL.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1984 June 21 - . 19:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53719-521.
  • Cosmos 1574 - . Payload: Tsikada-Kospas. Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Nadezhda. USAF Sat Cat: 15055 . COSPAR: 1984-062A. Apogee: 1,005 km (624 mi). Perigee: 966 km (600 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Summary: Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1339. Trials of experimental equipment for testing systems to determine the location of vessels and aircraft in distress..

1985 June 21 - . 00:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. LV Configuration: Soyuz 11A511U 417.
  • Progress 24 - . Payload: Progress s/n 125. Mass: 7,020 kg (15,470 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 7. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Salyut 7 EO-4-1a; Salyut 7 EO-4-1b. Spacecraft: Progress. Duration: 24.91 days. Completed Operations Date: 1985-07-15 22:33:50 . Decay Date: 1985-07-15 22:33:50 . USAF Sat Cat: 15838 . COSPAR: 1985-051A. Apogee: 251 km (155 mi). Perigee: 189 km (117 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. Delivery to the Salyut-7 orbital station of a mixed cargo with a total mass of 2,000 kg. Docked with Salyut 7 on 23 Jun 1985 02:54:00 GMT. Undocked on 15 Jul 1985 12:28:00 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 15 Jul 1985 22:33:31 GMT. Total free-flight time 2.51 days. Total docked time 22.40 days.

1985 June 21 - . 07:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1663 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-17F41. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-07-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 15840 . COSPAR: 1985-052A. Apogee: 256 km (159 mi). Perigee: 210 km (130 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. High resolution photo surveillance; film capsule; maneuverable; also performed earth resource tasks. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.

1985 June 21 - . 08:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC45/1. Launch Pad: LC45/pad?. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-2.
  • Zenit launch vehicle test - . Payload: Mass Model. Nation: USSR. Agency: VKS. Program: Tselina. Decay Date: 1985-06-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 15842 . COSPAR: 1985-053A. Apogee: 338 km (210 mi). Perigee: 197 km (122 mi). Inclination: 64.4000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. Summary: Intended to be suborbital, but some debris reached orbit. Rocket debris decayed by 6/28/85..

1987 June 21 - . 12:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: VOKV. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1988 June 21 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: K65M-RB.
  • BOR-5 re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: UNKS. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Summary: Suborbital test of 1/8 scale model of Buran. Typical trajectory: ascent to 120 km; pitch down to drive model in atmosphere at 45 degree at Mach 18.5. None were reflown but at least 4 were recovered..

1988 June 21 - . 16:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 47126-191.
  • Cosmos 1954 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 19256 . COSPAR: 1988-053A. Apogee: 796 km (494 mi). Perigee: 772 km (479 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.50 min. Summary: Outer space research. .

1989 June 21 - . 23:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2. LV Configuration: Proton-K/DM-2 355-02.
  • Raduga 1-1 - . Payload: Raduga-1 s/n 11. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Raduga-1. Completed Operations Date: 1996-12-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 20083 . COSPAR: 1989-048A. Apogee: 36,313 km (22,563 mi). Perigee: 36,147 km (22,460 mi). Inclination: 8.1000 deg. Period: 1,458.80 min. Stationed at 49 deg E; first launch of alternate Raduga design. Maintenance of telephone and telegraph radio communications. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 49 deg E in 1989-1992; 70 deg E in 1992-1996 As of 2 September 2001 located at 18.58 deg E drifting at 5.633 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 167.42W drifting at 5.632W degrees per day.

1990 June 21 - . 20:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78M-2BL. FAILURE: Fourth stage failure.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Cosmos 2084 - . Payload: Oko #64. Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Military. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. Decay Date: 1990-06-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 20663 . COSPAR: 1990-055A. Apogee: 666 km (413 mi). Perigee: 582 km (361 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 97.20 min. Summary: Launched into an erroneous orbit. There was no communication with the satellite. Covered Oko constellation plane 6 - 115 degree longitude of ascending node..

1991 June 21 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • RSLP AST re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1993 June 21 - . 13:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-57.
  • STS-57 - . Call Sign: Endeavour. Crew: Currie; Duffy; Grabe; Low; Voss, Janice; Wisoff. Payload: Endeavour F04 / GBA-5. Mass: 8,931 kg (19,689 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Currie; Duffy; Grabe; Low; Voss, Janice; Wisoff. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-57. Spacecraft: Endeavour. Duration: 9.99 days. Decay Date: 1993-07-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 22684 . COSPAR: 1993-037A. Apogee: 471 km (292 mi). Perigee: 402 km (249 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 93.30 min. Manned six crew. Carried Spacehab 1; retrieved Eureca-1 spacecraft. Payloads: Spacehab 01, retrieval of European Retriev-able Carrier (EURECA) Satellite, Superfluid Helium On-Orbit Transfer (SHOOT), Consortium for Materials Development in Space Complex Autonomous Payload (CONCAP)-IV, Fluid Acquisition and Resupply Experiment (FARE), Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment (SAREX) II, Air Force Maui Optical Site (AMOS), GAS bridge assembly with 12 getaway special payloads.
  • Spacehab SH-01 - . Payload: Spacehab 1. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space laboratory. Spacecraft: Spacehab. Decay Date: 1993-07-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 22684 . COSPAR: 1993-037xx. Apogee: 472 km (293 mi). Perigee: 391 km (242 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 93.20 min.
  • SHOOT - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. Decay Date: 1993-07-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 22684 . COSPAR: 1993-037xx. Apogee: 472 km (293 mi). Perigee: 391 km (242 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 93.20 min.
  • GBA-5 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. Decay Date: 1993-07-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 22684 . COSPAR: 1993-037xx. Apogee: 472 km (293 mi). Perigee: 391 km (242 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 93.20 min.

1995 June 21 - . 02:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P. LV Configuration: MT-135P-R928.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

2000 June 21 - . 10:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion NASA 31.120UP.
2001 June 21 - . 17:32 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.199US.
  • TXI Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 272 km (169 mi).

2002 June 21 - .
  • ISS Status Report: ISS 02-26 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bursch; Korzun; Onufrienko; Walz; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-5. Summary: The Expedition 5 crew of the International Space Station began its third week in space initiating new scientific investigations and preparing for next week's arrival of a cargo ship of new supplies.. Additional Details: ISS Status Report: ISS 02-26.

2003 June 21 - .
2004 June 21 - . 14:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Complex: Mojave RW12/30. Launch Platform: W-Knight. Launch Vehicle: Tier One. LV Configuration: Spaceship One 60L/15P.
  • SpaceShipOne Flight 15P - First Private Manned Spaceflight - . Nation: USA. Agency: Scaled. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). White Knight/SpaceShipOne Flight 60L / 15P. First private manned spaceflight. A control system failure during ascent caused 90 degree rolls to left and right. This led to spacecraft not reaching the planned altitude and re-entering 35 km away from the intended point. Nevertheless pilot Melvill took SpaceShipOne just over 100 km, thereby becoming the first private citizen, third person born in Africa, second person born in South Africa, and oldest pilot in command to reach outer space.

2005 June 21 - . 00:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78M-ML 77046-694. FAILURE: Failure - Third stage propulsion. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Molniya 3K - . Payload: 11F637. Mass: 1,750 kg (3,850 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: VKS. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Molniya-2. Summary: Delayed from May 25.

2005 June 21 - . 19:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna SLV. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Cosmos 1 - . Payload: Solnechny Parus. Mass: 103 kg (227 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Planetary Society. Manufacturer: Lavochkin. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Parus. Launched from SSBN Borisoglebsk. First orbital flight attempt of converted SLBM. Payload was solar sail demonstrator. Delayed from late 2001; March 20 and October 2002; late March, August 28 and October, 2003; February, March, April 6, May 20 and 31, 2005.

2006 June 21 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. Launch Pad: SLC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925-9.5. LV Configuration: Delta 7925-9.5 D316.
  • USA 187 - . Payload: MiTEx-A. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA. Manufacturer: OSC. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Mitex. USAF Sat Cat: 29240 . COSPAR: 2006-024A. Apogee: 36,222 km (22,507 mi). Perigee: 184 km (114 mi). Inclination: 25.2500 deg. Period: 639.26 min. The Microsatellite Technology Experiment was a classified mission, believed to be a test of prototype inspect-and-disable satellites that would control the constellation of geostationary satellites on which the world depends for television reception and communications. Each microsatellite, one built by Orbital Sciences, and the other by Lockheed Martin, had a mass of about 250 kg. They were believed to be solar-powered and equipped with propulsion systems that would allow them to rendezvous with geosynchronous satellites. Once they had reached the satellite, they would presumably be capable of destroying, disabling, or jamming them. To deliver the two satellites to near-synchronous orbit, a Naval Research Laboratory liquid propellant bus equipped with a 400 N main engine and solar panels was used.
  • USA 188 - . Payload: MiTEx-B. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Mitex. USAF Sat Cat: 29241 . COSPAR: 2006-024B.
  • USA 189 - . Payload: MiTEx Vehicle. Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Mitex. USAF Sat Cat: 29242 . COSPAR: 2006-024C.

2007 June 21 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M51. LV Configuration: MSBS M51 2.
  • M51 SLBM test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2008 June 21 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 06/21/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kononenko, O D; Love; Simonyi; Volkov, Sergey; Williams, Dave. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-17; ISS EP-12; STS-122; STS-123. Saturday - lightened-duty day for CDR Volkov, FE-1 Kononenko and FE-2 Chamitoff.

    Today is Kononenko's 44th birthday.


    Happy Birthday, Oleg Dmitriyevich!

    Volkov & Kononenko completed a review of flight procedures plus the standard 3-hr. training drill for a Soyuz TMA-12/16S relocation from the DC1 Docking Module to the FGB nadir port, supported by ground specialists via tagup on S-band/VHF-audio. (Should 'Pirs' fail to repressurize after ingress of the two spacewalkers on 7/11, a relocation of the Soyuz, docked to the DC1 nadir port with FE-2 Chamitoff already safely locked out in the 16S Descent Module, would become necessary. In addition, for the relocation the three crewmembers and the spacecraft will have to be prepared for a return to Earth in the event of a no-docking contingency, and the station has to be configured for uncrewed operation (for which intense planning is underway at NASA, ESA, and TsUP-Moscow). Today's 3-hr. OBT (on-board training) included Soyuz procedures and data analysis for ascent/descent, orbital flight and relocation as contained in RODF (Russian Operations Data File) books, tag-up with instructor, OBT simulator work on the RSK1 laptop, etc. It is assumed that Soyuz activation would be performed on 7/11 over RGS (Russian Groundsite) on DO13 (Daily Orbit 13), closure of hatch on DO15, undocking from DC1 on DO2 (~5:28pm EDT on 7/11), flyaround (~5:34pm) and redocking at FGB at ~5:56pm (DO2).) Additional Details: ISS On-Orbit Status 06/21/08.


2009 June 21 - . 21:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC45/1. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-3SLB. LV Configuration: Zenit-3SLB s/n LL3.
  • Measat 3A - . Mass: 2,370 kg (5,220 lb). Nation: Malaysia. Agency: SIS. Program: Measat. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 35362 . COSPAR: 2009-032A. Apogee: 35,788 km (22,237 mi). Perigee: 35,784 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min.

2010 June 21 - . 02:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC109. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr. LV Configuration: Dnepr s/n D-16.
  • Tandem X - . Mass: 1,350 kg (2,970 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: Makeyev. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: TerraSar-X. USAF Sat Cat: 36605 . COSPAR: 2010-030A. Apogee: 509 km (316 mi). Perigee: 507 km (315 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. Period: 94.80 min. Summary: Radar surveillance satellite with 1-m resolution in spotlight mode..

2011 June 21 - . 14:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Progress M-11M - . Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: ISS EO-28; ISS EO-27. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 71.79 days. Decay Date: 2011-09-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 37679 . COSPAR: 2011-027A. Apogee: 383 km (237 mi). Perigee: 343 km (213 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.80 min. ISS resupply. Also carried the 40 kg Chibis satellite. Docked with the Zvezda module of the ISS on 23 June at 16:37 GMT. Undocked from Zvezda at 09:38 GMT on 23 August. After several maneuvers to carry out the Radar-4 experiment, deorbited over the Pacific at 09:34 GMT on 1 September.

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