Encyclopedia Astronautica
March 14


March 14 Chronology


1922 March 14 - .
1928 March 14 - .
  • Birth of Frank Frederick II Borman - . Nation: USA. Summary: American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Gemini 7, Apollo 8. Member of first crew to rendezvous in space, and first to orbit the moon..

1930 March 14 - .
  • Birth of Boris Ivanovich Gubanov - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Russian engineer. Leading manager at the Yangel and Korolev design bureaus, 1972-1993..

1931 March 14 - . Launch Vehicle: HW-1.
  • HW-1 reaches 500 m. - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Winkler. Apogee: 0.50 km (0.31 mi). Summary: Winkler's HW-1 rocket reached 500 m over Dessau, Germany..

1934 March 14 - .
  • Birth of Eugene Andrew 'Gene' Cernan - . Nation: USA. Summary: American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Gemini 9, Apollo 10, Apollo 17. Eleventh person to walk on the moon and last person to step off of the moon. Space speed record (11,107 m/s)..

1939 March 14 - .
1943 March 14 - .
  • BI-1 Flight 5 - . Crew: Bakhchivangi. Payload: BI-1 # 2 flight 4. Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Bakhchivangi. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: BI-1. Summary: Maximum Altitude - 4000 m..

1945 March 14 - . 19:43 GMT - . Launch Site: V-2 Battery 485. Launch Pad: 2./485. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • V-2 combat launch from Burgsteinfurt to Belsele - . Nation: Germany. Summary: Burgsteinfurt Site 163 (Heek - Oerscher Wald), rocket fired, impacted near Belsele..

1950 March 14 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 41R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 March 14 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 85R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 March 14 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Honest John. LV Configuration: Honest John 350.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 March 14 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 1131T.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 March 14 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 1962T.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 March 14 - .
  • Birth of Natalya Dmitriyevna Kuleshova - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1980-1992. Graduated from Moscow Aviation Institute named after Grigori (Sergo) K. Ordzhonikidze, 1978. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO. From 1992 she worked as an engineer at NPO Energia, Department 292..

1956 March 14 - . 08:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1a. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1a USAF 63.
  • Release (NO) Ionosphere / aeronomy / chemica mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi). Summary: Nitric oxide attempt to recombine atomic oxygen research. Launched at 0145 local time. Reached 106.2 km..

1957 March 14 - . 08:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC6. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter A. LV Configuration: Jupiter A CC-32. FAILURE: Platform interference caused control malfunction at re-entry..
  • Jupiter A - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). The first missile shipped directly from the Chrysler Factory to the test site to be flight tested was launched at 0312 hours EST from AMR The flight was successful. Actual range was 138.178 nm; 2.2 nm under; and 1250 meters left of the intended impact point. The missile functioned properly until 182 seconds when an unexplainable pitch deviation caused a slow tilting of the missile top section. The cut-off function at 120 seconds and the separation function at 135 seconds, after flight zero time, were both satisfactory. Missed aimpoint by 4,183 m.

1959 March 14 - . LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: R-7A.
  • R-7A flight test plan approved. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On Work on the R-7 Product and Flight-Design Testing of the R-7A Product-- testing of the R-7 and R-7A ICBMs' was issued..

1961 March 14 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury Atlas launch vehicle 100-D delivered to Cape Canaveral - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Summary: Atlas launch vehicle 100-D was delivered to Cape Canaveral for the Mercury-Atlas 3 (MA-3) mission..

1961 March 14 - . 04:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC13. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E. LV Configuration: Atlas E 13E. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1961 March 14 - . 21:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.801.
  • Antenna Breakdown Experiment Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1962 March 14 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-B. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Asp IV.
  • Vista-300 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 March 14 - .
  • Unmanned lunar orbiter spacecraft - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Lunar Orbiter. Homer E. Newell, Director of NASA's Office of Space Sciences, summarized results of studies by Langley Research Center and Space Technology Laboratories on an unmanned lunar orbiter spacecraft. These studies had been prompted by questions of the reliability and photographic capabilities of such spacecraft. Both studies indicated that, on a five-shot program, the probability was 0.93 for one and 0.81 for two successful missions; they also confirmed that the spacecraft would be capable of photographing a landed Surveyor to assist in Apollo site verification.

1963 March 14 - .
  • Birth of Pedro Francisco Duque - . Nation: Spain. Summary: Spanish engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-95, ISS Cervantes. First Spanish astronaut..

1963 March 14 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 600. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1963 March 14 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 600. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1963 March 14 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 600. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1963 March 14 - . 01:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Blue Scout Jr SLV-1C. LV Configuration: Blue Scout Jr SLV-1C 203.
  • ERCS 279L Communications mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1964 March 14 - .
  • Voskhod plans - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Smirnov; Keldysh; Korolev. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 1. Spacecraft: Voskhod. VVS officers meet to plan training for the Voskhod 1 crew. It is agreed that a passenger-cosmonaut can be trained within three months. That means, in order to be ready for an August mission, the candidates for the scientist- and physician-cosmonaut seats will have to be identified, screened, and selected by 30 April. It is estimated that 30 physician and 30 scientist candidates will have to be submitted to the medical commission in order for the necessary six finalists to get through the screening. Kamanin privately believes this is all an insanely dangerous adventure. Smirnov, Keldysh, and Korolev have gone off the rails in their desire to make sure that the Americans do not seize and space 'firsts' once the Gemini flights begin.

1964 March 14 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike. LV Configuration: HJ Nike Nike HAD-3.
  • LRL HAD-3 Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Livermore. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1965 March 14 - .
  • McDonnell finished manufacturing, module tests, and equipment installation for Gemini spacecraft No. 5. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 5. Summary: Spacecraft assembly was completed April 1 with the mating of the reentry and adapter assemblies. Systems Assurance Tests began April 30..

1966 March 14 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 617. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 March 14 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 617. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 March 14 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 617. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 March 14 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 617. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 March 14 - . LV Family: N1; Proton.
  • Lunar flyby/landing program plan reviewed - . Nation: USSR. Program: Lunar L3; Lunar L1. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1; Soyuz 7K-LOK; Soyuz 7K-L1A; LK. UR-500K/L1 project will consist of three phases. Phase I will be dedicated to development of the Block D translunar stage, using prototype, incomplete L1 spacecraft. Phase II will conduct lunar flybys with complete but unmanned L1 spacecraft. Phase III will fly Soviet cosmonauts around the moon. The N1/L3 project will consist of five phases. Phase I will use the N1 and the 7K-L1A spacecraft. This will be used primarily to test out the Block G translunar and Block D lunar orbit insertion stages, but will also conduct lunar flybys, returning photographs of the lunar surface to the earth. Phase II will use N1's to fly L3 spacecraft with an unpiloted LOK lunar orbiter and an unpiloted LK lunar lander. Phase III, the first manned missions, will use N1's to fly L3 spacecraft with a piloted LOK lunar orbiter and an unpiloted LK lunar lander. Phase IV will fly a piloted LOK lunar orbiter and an unpiloted LK lunar lander, that will be landed on the lunar surface. In Phase V N1-L3 number 10L is to launch the first manned landing on the moon in September 1968. N1-L3 numbers 11L and 12L were back-ups, in the event any of the planned earlier missions failed. Additional Details: Lunar flyby/landing program plan reviewed.

1967 March 14 - .
  • Birth of Edward Michael 'Mike' Fincke - . Nation: USA. Summary: American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS EO-9, ISS EO-18. 365 cumulative days in space..

1967 March 14 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 AC SL406.
  • LUX / Culham Solar AC7 Solar x-ray and ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1967 March 14 - . 17:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.102DS.
  • OSO-3 calibration Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi).

1967 March 14 - . 23:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache Ferdinand 15.
  • Ferdinand 15 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1968 March 14 - .
  • Soviets review American plans. - . Nation: USSR. Program: Apollo; Lunar L3. Six Apollo spacecraft are to be flown into earth orbit in 1968, four unmanned and two manned. Five flights are planned for 1969, including the first landing on the moon. Beyond this is the Apollo Applications Program. Expenditures for this are planned as $179 million in 1968 and $435 million in 1969, leading to the first orbital laboratory in 1970.

1968 March 14 - . 09:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Cosmos 206 - . Payload: Meteor no. 9. Mass: 4,730 kg (10,420 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor. Decay Date: 1989-04-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 3150 . COSPAR: 1968-019A. Apogee: 405 km (251 mi). Perigee: 396 km (246 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 92.60 min. Summary: Visual, IR cloud cover images. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1968 March 14 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thorad Agena D SLV-2G. LV Configuration: Thorad SLV-2G Agena D 518 / Agena D 1638.
  • KH-4A 1046 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1046 / Agena D 1638 / OPS 4849. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; CIA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1968-04-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 3152 . COSPAR: 1968-020A. Apogee: 390 km (240 mi). Perigee: 183 km (113 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Summary: KH-4A. Image quality good for 1046-1 and fair for 1046-2..
  • OPS 7076 - . Payload: EHH B11. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: SSF. Decay Date: 1970-01-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 3153 . COSPAR: 1968-020xx. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi). Perigee: 189 km (117 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 88.30 min.
  • SRV 747 - . Payload: SRV 1046-1 / OPS 7076. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1970-01-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 3153 . COSPAR: 1968-020B. Apogee: 524 km (325 mi). Perigee: 481 km (298 mi). Inclination: 83.1000 deg. Period: 94.60 min. Summary: Radar monitoring..

1969 March 14 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.290DG.
  • NRL NB3.210 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1969 March 14 - . 07:01 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.251GG-UG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1969 March 14 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1969 March 14 - . 22:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1970 March 14 - . 03:34 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.328DG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1970 March 14 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31A. Launch Pad: LC31A/Truck. Launch Vehicle: M55E1.
  • Sheltered Base research and development mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1971 March 14 - . 16:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1972 March 14 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC157. Launch Vehicle: Temp-2S.
  • Mobile launcher test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 March 14 - . 15:58 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ISRC-PO-5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1973 March 14 - . 03:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 AC SL1004.
  • Imaging spectrograph Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 226 km (140 mi).

1974 March 14 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 635 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1974-03-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 7216 . COSPAR: 1974-014A. Apogee: 322 km (200 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated Nauka autonomous subsatellite 17KS M15000-171 / 1L which tested astro-visir and radio altimeter systems for Yantar..
  • Nauka Cosmos 635 - . Payload: Nauka 17KS No. 1L. Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Spacecraft: Nauka. Decay Date: 1974-04-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 7222 . COSPAR: 1974-014E. Apogee: 303 km (188 mi). Perigee: 198 km (123 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 89.52 min.

1974 March 14 - . 12:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1974 March 14 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1974 March 14 - . 19:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1975 March 14 - . 04:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 AC S98 (Astro 1/2).
  • DLR W-GR-67 Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1976 March 14 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF26. Launch Pad: LF26?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3. LV Configuration: Minuteman 3 PVM-13.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1977 March 14 - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Complex: Eglin A-15. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Hydac.
  • STRESS FERN Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1977 March 14 - . 17:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache DFVLR Firefly.
  • DLR K-NA-83 - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1979 March 14 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1080 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKM. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-03-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 11294 . COSPAR: 1979-023A. Apogee: 294 km (182 mi). Perigee: 169 km (105 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1980 March 14 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1167 - . Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: EORSAT. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: US-P. Decay Date: 1981-10-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 11729 . COSPAR: 1980-021A. Apogee: 442 km (274 mi). Perigee: 426 km (264 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 93.30 min. Summary: Ocean monitoring..

1981 March 14 - . 16:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1258 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1981-03-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 12337 . COSPAR: 1981-024A. Apogee: 1,022 km (635 mi). Perigee: 299 km (185 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 97.90 min. Summary: ASAT interceptor. Failed to intercept Cosmos 1241 target. Deorbited to destructive reentry in the atmosphere..

1982 March 14 - . 08:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1983 March 14 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1984 March 14 - . 12:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1985 March 14 - . 01:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53744-146.
  • Cosmos 1634 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 15597 . COSPAR: 1985-022A. Apogee: 1,009 km (626 mi). Perigee: 957 km (594 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Summary: Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1513..

1985 March 14 - . 12:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Taurus Tomahawk NASA 34.11UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1986 March 14 - . 07:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: KRENKEL'. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1988 March 14 - . 14:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1932 - . Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: RORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military naval surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: US-A. Decay Date: 1988-06-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 19160 . COSPAR: 1988-019B. Apogee: 1,008 km (626 mi). Perigee: 920 km (570 mi). Inclination: 65.1000 deg. Period: 104.40 min. Summary: Ocean surveillance; nuclear powered - last launch of the US-AM. Programme cancelled by Gorbachev..

1989 March 14 - . 15:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1990 March 14 - . 11:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Commercial Titan 3. LV Configuration: Commercial Titan 3 CT-2. FAILURE: Second stage failed to separate due to a wiring error in the stage separation electronics, stranding the payload in low earth orbit.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Intelsat 6 F-3 - . Payload: Intelsat 603 / Orbus-21S. Mass: 4,215 kg (9,292 lb). Nation: International. Agency: INTELSAT. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 393. USAF Sat Cat: 20523 . COSPAR: 1990-021A. Apogee: 35,790 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,786 km (22,236 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.20 min. 38 C-band and 10 Ku-band transponders. Placed in unusable low earth orbit after second stage separation failure. In May 1992 shuttle STS-49 snared the satellite, and in three EVA's the crew attached a new perigee boost motor, which then reboosted the satellite to geosynchrounous orbit. Positioned at 34 deg W in 1992-1997; 24 deg W in 1997-2001. Later assigned to Intelsat spin-off New Skies, which positioned it at 340 East, from where it provided C-band coverage of the entire Atlantic region, including virtually all of Latin America, Europe, Africa, the Middle East, and the eastern half of North America. As an inclined orbit satellite, IS-603 was best suited for voice/data trunking and video contribution, but could also be used for carrier-scale IP services, notably network bridging and expansion. It supplemented the prime Atlantic region coverage provided by the station-kept NSS 7 satellite, located at 338 East. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 19.96W drifting at 0.012W degrees per day.

1990 March 14 - . 15:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 2060 - . Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: EORSAT. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: US-P. Decay Date: 1991-09-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 20525 . COSPAR: 1990-022A. Apogee: 418 km (259 mi). Perigee: 402 km (249 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 92.80 min. Summary: Ocean surveillance..

1992 March 14 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas I. LV Configuration: Atlas I AC-72 / Centaur I 5052.
  • Galaxy 5 - . Mass: 1,412 kg (3,112 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: HCI. Program: Galaxy. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 376. USAF Sat Cat: 21906 . COSPAR: 1992-013A. Apogee: 35,790 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Summary: Geostationary at 125 deg W. Launch vehicle put payload into geosynchronous transfer orbit with GCS trajectory option. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 125 deg W in 1992-2001. As of 2007 Mar 8 located at 7.46E drifting at 3.538W degrees per day..

1995 March 14 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 728. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4. LV Configuration: Trident C-4 FCET-46A.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1995 March 14 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 728. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4. LV Configuration: Trident C-4 FCET-46A.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1995 March 14 - . 06:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U2.
  • Soyuz TM-21 - . Call Sign: Uragan (Hurricane ). Crew: Dezhurov; Strekalov; Thagard. Backup Crew: Avdeyev; Dunbar; Gidzenko. Payload: Soyuz TM 11F732 s/n 70. Mass: 7,150 kg (15,760 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Dezhurov; Strekalov; Thagard; Avdeyev; Dunbar; Gidzenko. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Mir EO-18; Mir EO-17; Mir LD-4. Spacecraft: Soyuz TM. Duration: 181.03 days. Decay Date: 1995-09-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 23519 . COSPAR: 1995-010A. Apogee: 398 km (247 mi). Perigee: 392 km (243 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.50 min. Mir Expedition EO-18. Soyuz TM-21 carried the EO-18 Mir crew and American Norman Thagard. Thagard was the first American to be launched in a Soyuz. Soyuz docked with Mir at 07:45:26 GMT on March 16 . On July 4 Soyuz TM-21 undocked and backed off to a distance of 100 m from Mir. The US space shuttle Atlantis, with the EO-18 crew aboard, then undocked and began a flyaround at a distance of 210 m, while the EO-19 crew aboard Soyuz took pictures before redocking with the station. Soyuz TM-21 again undocked with the EO-19 crew on September 11 from the Kvant rear port on Mir and landed at 50 deg 41'N 68 deg 15'E, 108 km northeast of Arkalyk in Kazakhstan, at 06:52:40 GMT .

1996 March 14 - . 07:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP. LV Configuration: Ariane 44LP-3 V84.
  • Intelsat 707 - . Mass: 4,175 kg (9,204 lb). Nation: International. Agency: Intelsat. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 23816 . COSPAR: 1996-015A. Apogee: 35,798 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,775 km (22,229 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. GEO. 26 C-band, 14 K-band transponders. Geostationary at 0.9W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 1 deg W in 1996-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 0.97 deg W drifting at 0.001 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 53.03W drifting at 0.007W degrees per day.

1996 March 14 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 2331 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 89.00 days. Decay Date: 1996-06-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 23818 . COSPAR: 1996-016A. Apogee: 291 km (180 mi). Perigee: 159 km (98 mi). Inclination: 67.1000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1998 March 14 - . 22:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Progress M-38 - . Payload: Progress M s/n 240. Mass: 7,007 kg (15,447 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Korolev. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Mir NASA-6; Mir EO-25. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 61.05 days. Decay Date: 1998-05-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 25256 . COSPAR: 1998-015A. Apogee: 379 km (235 mi). Perigee: 372 km (231 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Progress M-38 was specially modified to carry the second VDU (Vynosnaya Dvigatel'naya Ustanovka, External Engine Unit) propulsion unit. The VDU was mounted externally on a special structure between the cargo module and the service module, replacing the OKD fuel section present on normal Progress vehicles. The crew spacewalks to extract the VDU from Progress and place it on the end of the Sofora boom extending from the Kvant module. The VDU was used to provide attitude control capability for the station. By 03:20 GMT on March 15 1998 Progress M-38 had successfully completed its first two orbital manoeuvres. It replaced Progress M-37 at the docking port on the Kvant module, with a successful docking on March 16 1998 at 22:45 GMT. Undocked May 15 at 1844 UTC, freeing up the docking port on the Kvant module for Progress M-39. Deorbited over Pacific May 15, 1998.

2000 March 14 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Atmospheric Waves Aeronomy mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

2001 March 14 - .
2003 March 14 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #03-11 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bowersox; Budarin; Pettit. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-6. The Expedition 6 crew aboard the International Space Station, Commander Ken Bowersox, Flight Engineer Nikolai Budarin and NASA ISS Science Officer Don Pettit, spent their week doing routine maintenance, completing the troubleshooting of the Microgravity Science Glovebox and continuing a survey of the outside of the station using the Canadarm2 robotic arm. Additional Details: International Space Station Status Report #03-11.

2005 March 14 - .
  • Death of Gerhard Herbert Richard Reisig - . Nation: Germany; USA. Related Persons: Reisig. Summary: German engineer. Expert in guided missile guidance, telemetry, and control, working for von Braun from 1937. Worked for Dornberger on Wasserfall SAM from 1943. Member of von Braun's Rocket Team in the US from 1947..

2008 March 14 - .
  • EVA STS-123-1 - . Crew: Linnehan; Reisman. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.30 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Linnehan; Reisman. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-123; ISS EO-16. Summary: The crew prepared the Kibo ELM-PS Experiment Logistics Module - Pressurized for installation and begin assembling the components of the Dextre robotic manipulator..

2008 March 14 - . 23:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton/Briz M. FAILURE: Premature shutdown of Briz upper stage due to escape of turbine gases through a thin-walled tube..
  • AMC-14 - . Payload: A2100AXS. Mass: 4,140 kg (9,120 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: SES Americom. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Americom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 2100. USAF Sat Cat: 32708 . COSPAR: 2008-011A. Apogee: 35,979 km (22,356 mi). Perigee: 35,592 km (22,115 mi). Inclination: 14.4700 deg. Period: 1,436.03 min. The Briz M stage failed during its second burn, shutting down by 2 minutes 13 seconds early, leaving the satellite in a 770 km x 26447 km x 49.2 deg orbit. The spacecraft separated and raised this to 772 km x 35576 km x 49.0 deg, but operational geostationary orbit could not be attained and the satellite was a writeoff. AMC 14 had a total mass at launch of 4140 kg of which 2130 kg was propellant. The final orbit attained was an inclined orbit at geostationary altitude.

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