Encyclopedia Astronautica
March 22


March 22 Chronology


1913 March 22 - .
  • Goddard diagnosed with tuberculosis. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Summary: The doctors thought he had just two weeks to live. During the months of recuperation that followed, Goddard conceived the basic concepts of rocketry, leading to patents the following year..

1924 March 22 - .
  • Birth of Yevgeni Ilich Ostashev - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Russian officer. First Directorate Chief of Baikonur 1956-1960. Died in the Nedelin catastrophe..

1926 March 22 - .
  • Birth of Wesley L Hjornevik - . Nation: USA. Summary: American bureaucrat. In federal service from 1949, NASA from 1959. Associate Director for Manned Space flight, Houston, 1961-1969. Then went to other government departments, and finally state of Texas..

1933 March 22 - . Launch Vehicle: Magdeburg.
  • Magdeburg Project tests - . Nation: Germany. A test stand is completed for ground test of rocket engines of up to 1000 kgf. Tests of the 200 kgf motor begin on 22 March. Motors explode on 25 March and 3 April, but by the end of April, 20 test runs have been conducted and the motor is considered reliable enough for flight test (despite several burn-throughs of the throat).

1945 March 22 - . 00:56 GMT - . Launch Site: V-2 Battery 485. Launch Pad: 1./485. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • V-2 combat launch from Hoek Van Holland - . Nation: Germany. Summary: Hoek Van Holland, rocket fired, (impact unknown)..

1948 March 22 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 75 - . Crew: Hoover. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 32. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Hoover. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Summary: NACA flight 12. Stability and loads investigation. Mach 1.12..

1949 March 22 - . 06:43 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 41.
  • Blossom IVA Ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; USAF AFSC. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi). Summary: Launched 23:43 local time. Reached 133.9 km. Carried Ionosphere, sky brightness, solar radiation, composition, photo experiments for Air Research and Development Command..

1949 March 22 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 11.1 S x 88.4 W. Launch Platform: AVM1. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-8. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-8 A11.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi). Summary: Cosmic radiation, magnetic field research. Launched at 1730 GMT. Reached 104.6 km. Launched by vessel AVM1 from Atlantic Ocean Launch Site 1-2 - Latitude: 11.10 S, Longitude:88.43 W..

1951 March 22 - .
  • Birth of Musa Khiramanovich 'Mussachi' Manarov - . Nation: Azerbaijan. Summary: Lakets-Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-3, Mir EO-8. 541 cumulative days in space. Graduated from Moscow Aviation Institute with an engineering diploma in 1974 Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO. Later a Director of Smolsat..

1951 March 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal E. LV Configuration: Corporal E 8R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1952 March 22 - .
  • Collier's Magazine Articles on Manned Spaceflight - . Nation: USA.

1954 March 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 2245A.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 March 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 1853T.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 March 22 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC9. LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho G-26. LV Configuration: Navaho II SM-64 06. FAILURE: Ground pod failed to jettison; booster damaged and did not achieve speed/altitude required for cruise stage ignition.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Navaho G-26 Flight 2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 9.00 km (5.50 mi). G-26 number two / booster 6 lifted off after a 9 hour 48 minute countdown with nearly five hours of holds, on the first attempt after two successful static firings. However failure of a launch lanyard meant the kerosene start-pod on the booster remained attached. This sheared off at 4500 m, causing extensive booster damage. Thrust decayed. The cruise stage separated at Mach 1.3 at 28,300 feet, but this was below ramjet ignition speed. However the pilot on the ground was able to assume radio control of the vehicle, and flew it in a glide over the ocean, even demonstrating landing gear deployment before it pancaked into the water.

1958 March 22 - . 06:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee Hi. LV Configuration: Aerobee Hi NN3.05.
  • Aeronomy/Fields/Ultraviolet Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1959 March 22 - . 00:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18B. Launch Pad: LC18B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor DM-18A. LV Configuration: Thor DM-18A 158.
  • Series IV research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 520 km (320 mi).

1960 March 22 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee 500. LV Configuration: Astrobee 500 Geodetic flares. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1960 March 22 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I G-5.
  • RVX-4 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: USAF Titan fired 5,000 statute miles / 8000 km and data capsule recovered..

1960 March 22 - . 01:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC6. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone. LV Configuration: Redstone 2020. FAILURE: Control system malfunction during re-entry at 373 sec..
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Summary: Missile test failure. Missed aimpoint by 315 m..

1961 March 22 - . LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8K72K.
  • Flight preparations - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Gagarin; Nelyubov; Titov; Barmin; Keldysh; Korolev. Program: Vostok. Flight: Vostok 1. Between 10:00 and 12:00 Chief Designer of Launch Facilities Barmin meets with the cosmonauts. He reviews the launch mechanism. The rocket is suspended at the 'shoulders' of the strap-ons, on four swivelled supports. After the rocket has lifted 49 mm, it is free from these, and counterweights weighing dozens of tonnes will swing them back and away from the rising booster. At 12:00 Kamanin meets with Keldysh and Korolev. They agree with his position that the flight be announced as soon as the cosmonaut is safely in orbit.

1962 March 22 - .
  • NASA Project Mercury Advance Recovery Requirements - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Flight: Mercury MA-7. Summary: Manned Spacecraft Center personnel briefed the Chief of Naval Operations on the Mercury-Atlas 7 (MA-7) flight and ensuing Mercury flights. This material was incorporated in a document entitled, 'NASA Project Mercury Advance Recovery Requirements.'.

1963 March 22 - .
  • Glenn receives the Robert H. Goddard trophy - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Flight: Mercury MA-9. Summary: The National Rocket Club presented to John Glenn, pilot of America's first orbital manned space flight, the Robert H. Goddard trophy for 1963 for his achievement in assisting the advance of missile, rocket, and space flight programs..

1964 March 22 - . Launch Site: Cuxhaven.
  • DRG launches at Cuxhaven - . Nation: Germany. Summary: The DRG (German Rocket Society) conducted a series of ten student model rocket test launches. Some of these tested a new airbrake mechanism for recovery of the rocket in lieu of a parachute..

1964 March 22 - .
1965 March 22 - . 07:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 12.9 S x 77.9 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache AE5.294.
  • B field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP19 - - Latitude: 12.90 S - Longitude: 77.90 W..

1965 March 22 - . 08:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 13.0 S x 77.8 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AE6.253.
  • Electron density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi). Summary: Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP20 - - Latitude: 12.95 S - Longitude: 77.83 W..

1966 March 22 - . 09:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Vehicle: HAD. LV Configuration: HAD 181.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1967 March 22 - .
  • L1 flight scenario undecided - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Kerimov; Mishin; Gagarin; Leonov; Volynov; Makarov. Program: Lunar L1. Flight: Soyuz 1; Soyuz 2A. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1. Kerimov argued with Mishin that without any logical reason his demand that the cosmonauts go to the cosmodrome for training has disrupted their preparation schedule. Later Kamanin met with Gagarin, Leonov, Volynov, and Makarov, all selected as pilots for L1 lunar flybys. The L1 flight scenario was still open. Variant 1 would involve launch of two spacecraft, with transfer of one to two crew to the translunar spacecraft in earth orbit. Variant 2 would be a direct flight to the moon. Additional Details: L1 flight scenario undecided.

1967 March 22 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1B 1253.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1967 March 22 - . 12:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 150 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1967-03-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 2715 . COSPAR: 1967-025A. Apogee: 341 km (211 mi). Perigee: 178 km (110 mi). Inclination: 65.4000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.

1967 March 22 - . 14:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC161/35. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: R-36-O. LV Configuration: R-36O 8K69 N22500 No. 08L. FAILURE: Failure.
1967 March 22 - . 16:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.103DS.
  • OSO-3 calibration Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 229 km (142 mi).

1967 March 22 - . 17:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.9 N x 117.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-70-119. FAILURE: Cockpit pressure problems..
  • X-15A Stab./Loads/ASAS test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 6150 kph. Maximum Altitude - 40570 m. Inertial system failed after peak altitude; cabin pressurization lost during descent..

1968 March 22 - . 00:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1968 March 22 - . 07:24 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.255GG.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1968 March 22 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2A.
  • Cosmos 209 - . Payload: US-A no. 2. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: RORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military naval surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: US-A. Decay Date: 1968-04-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 3162 . COSPAR: 1968-023C. Apogee: 927 km (576 mi). Perigee: 876 km (544 mi). Inclination: 65.3000 deg. Period: 103.00 min. Summary: RORSAT hardware, representative of production hardware, but using chemical batteries in place of BES-5 nuclear reactor..

1969 March 22 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF21. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2. LV Configuration: Minuteman 2 2415.
  • ST - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1969 March 22 - . 02:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1969 March 22 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 273 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 77. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1969-03-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 3831 . COSPAR: 1969-027A. Apogee: 336 km (208 mi). Perigee: 200 km (120 mi). Inclination: 65.4000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

1970 March 22 - . 02:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 SN5/1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • DLR S-CR-21 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1971 March 22 - .
  • Problems with Igla system on DOS. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Shabarov; Mishin. Program: Salyut. Flight: Soyuz 10; Soyuz 11; Soyuz 12 / DOS 1. Spacecraft: Salyut 1. There are problems with the Igla rendezvous system and also the stabilisation systems aboard DOS#1. The April 15 launch date is not realistic, according to Shabarov's deputies, although he himself says he can still meet the schedule. From 12:00 to 16:00 the cosmonauts participate in communications tests between the Soyuz spacecraft and the station. They go all right, but there are many problems with the ground segment. Mishin arrives in the evening. He has to give the VPK the final word on 27 March as to the launch date for the station. Shabarov is afraid to tell Mishin about the problems they are having with the Igla system.

1971 March 22 - . Launch Site: Thule AFB. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Sparrow Arcas. LV Configuration: Sparrow Arcas PCA.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1971 March 22 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Hall Beach. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.129GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi).

1972 March 22 - .
  • Almaz Engineer Cosmonaut Training Group 1 selected. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Makrushin. Summary: The group was selected to provide flight engineers for planned Almaz military space station missions..

1972 March 22 - .
  • IMBP Cosmonaut Training Group 1 selected. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Machinski; Polyakov; Smirenny. Summary: Physicians and biomedical specialist cosmonauts for planned missions to the Salyut space station..

1972 March 22 - .
1972 March 22 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF05. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • ERCS GT200L Communications mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 March 22 - . 08:22 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ISRC-PO-9 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 March 22 - . 09:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Vehicle: Cockatoo. LV Configuration: Cockatoo 1026.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1972 March 22 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 47127-122.
  • Cosmos 479 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-04-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 5894 . COSPAR: 1972-017A. Apogee: 537 km (333 mi). Perigee: 517 km (321 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Summary: Possible ELINT satellite..

1973 March 22 - . 06:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.145GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 240 km (140 mi).

1973 March 22 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 552 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1973-04-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 6394 . COSPAR: 1973-016A. Apogee: 308 km (191 mi). Perigee: 202 km (125 mi). Inclination: 72.0000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated Nauka autonomous subsatellite 16KS No 162 / 2L which tested Kondor control system for Yantar satellite..
  • Nauka Cosmos 552 - . Payload: Nauka 16KS No. 2L. Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Spacecraft: Nauka. Decay Date: 1973-04-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 6397 . COSPAR: 1973-016C. Apogee: 283 km (175 mi). Perigee: 192 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 89.25 min.

1973 March 22 - . 12:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC CRL A18.006-2.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi).

1973 March 22 - . 17:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Villa Reynolds. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 AC SL1182.
  • UK SL1182 Earth imaging mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 240 km (140 mi).

1974 March 22 - .
1974 March 22 - . 06:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.421GM.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1974 March 22 - . 09:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.422GM.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1975 March 22 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1976 March 22 - . 06:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 170A NASA 13.116UE.
  • Auroral UV / particles Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1976 March 22 - . 18:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B. LV Configuration: Titan 24B 24B-18 (3B-52).
  • OPS 7600 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 46 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1976-05-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 8770 . COSPAR: 1976-027A. Apogee: 347 km (215 mi). Perigee: 125 km (77 mi). Inclination: 96.4000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Summary: KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1977 March 22 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.59UG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1978 March 22 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde. LV Configuration: AN/DMQ-9.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1979 March 22 - .
  • Ferry flight El Paso to Kelly AFB - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: Columbia. Summary: Ferry flight, shuttle carrier aircraft/Columbia (OV-102) from Biggs Army Air Base to Kelly AFB, San Antonio, Texas (1 hr, 39 min).

1979 March 22 - . 23:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Canopus. Launch Vehicle: Castor (A).
  • Spread F Barium release mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 268 km (166 mi).

1980 March 22 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.47UH.
  • Soft XRB 1 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 217 km (134 mi).

1980 March 22 - . 11:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Taurus Tomahawk NASA 34.02UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 618 km (384 mi).

1981 March 22 - . 14:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Soyuz 39 - . Call Sign: Pamir (Pamir mountains). Crew: Dzhanibekov; Gurragcha. Backup Crew: Ganzorig; Lyakhov. Payload: Soyuz 7K-T s/n 55. Mass: 6,800 kg (14,900 lb). Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Dzhanibekov; Gurragcha; Ganzorig; Lyakhov. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Salyut 6 EP-9; Salyut 6 EO-6. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-T. Duration: 7.86 days. Decay Date: 1981-03-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 12366 . COSPAR: 1981-029A. Apogee: 249 km (154 mi). Perigee: 198 km (123 mi). Inclination: 51.8000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. Manned two crew. Docked with Salyut 6. Transported to the Salyut-6 orbital station the eighth international crew under the INTERCOSMOS programme, comprising V A Dzhanibekov (USSR) and Z. Gurragchi (Mongolian People's Republic) to conduct scientific investigations and experiments.

1982 March 22 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-3.
  • STS-3 - . Call Sign: Columbia. Crew: Fullerton; Lousma. Payload: Columbia F03 / OSS-1. Mass: 10,301 kg (22,709 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fullerton; Lousma. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-3. Spacecraft: Columbia. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1982-03-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 13106 . COSPAR: 1982-022A. Apogee: 249 km (154 mi). Perigee: 241 km (149 mi). Inclination: 38.0000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Summary: Manned two crew. Payloads: Office of Space Science (OSS) experiments, Monodisperse Latex Reactor (MLR), Electro-phoresis Verification Test (EEVT), Plant Lignification Experiment..
  • DFI - . Payload: DFI PLT. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. Decay Date: 1982-03-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 13106 . COSPAR: 1982-022xx. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi). Perigee: 220 km (130 mi). Inclination: 38.0000 deg. Period: 89.20 min.
  • OSS-1 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. Decay Date: 1982-03-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 13106 . COSPAR: 1982-022xx. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi). Perigee: 220 km (130 mi). Inclination: 38.0000 deg. Period: 89.20 min.

1983 March 22 - . 20:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1984 March 22 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1985 March 22 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM. LV Configuration: Proton-K/DM 328-01.
  • Ekran 14 - . Payload: Ekran s/n 28L. Mass: 1,970 kg (4,340 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Ekran . Completed Operations Date: 1987-11-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 15626 . COSPAR: 1985-024A. Apogee: 37,457 km (23,274 mi). Perigee: 37,333 km (23,197 mi). Inclination: 12.7000 deg. Period: 1,519.00 min. Stationed at 99 deg E. Transmission of Central Television programmes to a network of receivers for collective use. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 99 deg E in 1985-1987 As of 5 September 2001 located at 178.66 deg E drifting at 19.729 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 122.42E drifting at 19.716W degrees per day.

1985 March 22 - . 17:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion NASA 31.49UU.
  • CWAS 10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1985 March 22 - . 23:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur G. LV Configuration: Atlas G Centaur AC-63 / Centaur D-1AR 5043G.
  • Intelsat 5A F-10 - . Mass: 2,013 kg (4,437 lb). Nation: International. Agency: Intelsat. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Intelsat 5A. USAF Sat Cat: 15629 . COSPAR: 1985-025A. Apogee: 36,468 km (22,660 mi). Perigee: 36,237 km (22,516 mi). Inclination: 7.2000 deg. Period: 1,465.10 min. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 24 deg W in 1985-1990; 174 deg E in 1990-1994; 66 deg E in 1994-1995; 57 deg E in 1995-1996; 33 deg E in 1996-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 135.23 deg W drifting at 7.152 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 107.21W drifting at 7.157W degrees per day.

1988 March 22 - . 14:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 47111-221.
  • Cosmos 1934 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 18985 . COSPAR: 1988-023A. Apogee: 1,009 km (626 mi). Perigee: 947 km (588 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Summary: Military navigation satellite..

1989 March 22 - .
  • MAP Cosmonaut Training Group 5 selected. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Prikhodko. Summary: The group was selected to provide test pilots for Buran spaceplane..

1989 March 22 - . 16:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion NASA 31.74UU.
  • CWAS 18 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1990 March 22 - . Launch Vehicle: Babylon Gun; Tamouz.
  • Gerard Bull assassinated, ending the Tamouz and supergun projects. - . Nation: Iraq. It is commonly thought that he was killed by the Israelis, concerned not so much by the supergun work but rather dynamics research Bull was doing to improve Iraqi ballistic missiles. Three weeks later British Customs seized the final eight sections of the Babylon Gun.

1990 March 22 - . 07:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 2062 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1990-04-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 20529 . COSPAR: 1990-024A. Apogee: 221 km (137 mi). Perigee: 178 km (110 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 88.50 min. Summary: Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1990 March 22 - . 07:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 12. LV Configuration: Black Brant XII NASA 40.02UE.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,400 km (800 mi).

1990 March 22 - . 10:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion NASA 31.70UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1991 March 22 - .
1991 March 22 - . 12:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78M-ML.
  • Molniya 3-40 - . Payload: Molniya-3 s/n 55. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Molniya-3. USAF Sat Cat: 21196 . COSPAR: 1991-022A. Apogee: 37,374 km (23,223 mi). Perigee: 2,948 km (1,831 mi). Inclination: 64.5000 deg. Period: 717.10 min. Summary: Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio communications system in the USSR; transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to stations in the Orbita network and within the framework of international cooperation. .

1993 March 22 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle.
  • Shuttle Columbia Pad Abort - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Flight: STS-55. Spacecraft: Columbia. The countdown for Columbia's launch was halted by on-board computers at T-3 seconds following a problem with purge pressure readings in the oxidizer preburner on main engine #2 Columbia's three main engines were replaced on the launch pad, and the flight was rescheduled behind Discovery's launch on STS-56. Columbia finally launched on April 26, 1993.

1993 March 22 - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2. LV Configuration: Sonda 2 XV-57.
  • Maruda Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE; IAE. Apogee: 102 km (63 mi).

1994 March 22 - . 04:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. LV Configuration: Soyuz 11A511U 76032992.
  • Progress M-22 - . Payload: Progress M s/n 222. Mass: 7,103 kg (15,659 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Mir EO-15; Mir LD-4. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 61.99 days. Completed Operations Date: 1994-05-23 04:48:12 . Decay Date: 1994-05-23 04:48:12 . USAF Sat Cat: 23035 . COSPAR: 1994-019A. Apogee: 335 km (208 mi). Perigee: 260 km (160 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Unmanned resupply vessel to Mir. Launched into an initial 192 x 238 x 51.6 km orbit. Docked with Mir on 24 Mar 1994 06:39:37 GMT. Fired its engine around 15 May to raise the orbit of the Mir station from 381 x 400 km to 398 x 399 km. Undocked on 23 May 1994 00:58:38 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 23 May 1994 04:40:00 GMT. Total free-flight time 2.23 days. Total docked time 59.76 days.

1995 March 22 - . 04:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2310 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 23526 . COSPAR: 1995-012A. Apogee: 1,010 km (620 mi). Perigee: 980 km (600 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Summary: Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 2 of constellation..

1995 March 22 - . 06:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas IIAS. LV Configuration: Atlas IIAS AC-115.
  • Intelsat 705 - . Mass: 3,669 kg (8,088 lb). Nation: International. Agency: Intelsat. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 23528 . COSPAR: 1995-013A. Apogee: 35,798 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,776 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Stationed at 50.1 deg W. Launch vehicle put payload into supersynchronous earth orbit with MRS trajectory option. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 50 deg W in 1995-1996; 18 deg W in 1996-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 17.97 deg W drifting at 0.006 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 50.01W drifting at 0.007W degrees per day.

1995 March 22 - . 16:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 2311 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 70.00 days. Decay Date: 1995-05-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 23530 . COSPAR: 1995-014A. Apogee: 316 km (196 mi). Perigee: 178 km (110 mi). Inclination: 67.1000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1995 March 22 - .
1996 March 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: DC-X. Launch Vehicle: DC-X. LV Configuration: DC-XA.
  • DC-XA arrives at White Sands - . Nation: USA.

1996 March 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: THAAD. LV Configuration: THAAD FT-05.
  • ABM test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1996 March 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC94. Launch Pad: FIX. Launch Vehicle: Hera. LV Configuration: Hera 4.
  • BRV/THAAD Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1996 March 22 - . 08:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-76.
  • STS-76 - . Call Sign: Atlantis. Crew: Chilton; Clifford; Godwin; Lucid; Searfoss; Sega. Payload: Atlantis F16 / Spacehab-SM. Mass: 6,753 kg (14,887 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chilton; Clifford; Godwin; Lucid; Searfoss; Sega. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-76; Mir NASA-1; Mir EO-21. Spacecraft: Atlantis. Duration: 9.22 days. Decay Date: 1996-03-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 23831 . COSPAR: 1996-018A. Apogee: 398 km (247 mi). Perigee: 394 km (244 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. Shuttle-Mir Mission 3. Docked with the Mir space station 24 March 1996; Shannon Lucid was left on Mir for an extended stay. First American EVA on Mir. Payloads: SPACEHAB/Mir 03; KidSat; Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment (SAREX) II, Configuration M; RME 1304óMir/ Environmental Effects Payload (MEEP); orbiter docking system RME 1315; Trapped Ions in Space Experiment (TRIS); Extravehicular Activity Development Flight Test (EDFT) 04.
  • External Airlock/ODS - . Payload: EAL/ODS. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mir. Flight: STS-76; Mir NASA-1; Mir EO-21. Decay Date: 1996-03-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 23831 . COSPAR: 1996-018xx. Apogee: 398 km (247 mi). Perigee: 34 km (21 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.80 min.
  • Spacehab-SM - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space laboratory. Flight: STS-76; Mir NASA-1; Mir EO-21. Spacecraft: Spacehab. Decay Date: 1996-03-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 23831 . COSPAR: 1996-018xx. Apogee: 398 km (247 mi). Perigee: 34 km (21 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.80 min.

1998 March 22 - .
2000 March 22 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Atmospheric Waves Aeronomy mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

2006 March 22 - . 14:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Arguello WADZ. Launch Pad: 36.0 N x 123.0 W. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: Pegasus XL. LV Configuration: Pegasus XL F37.
  • ST5-A - . Mass: 22 kg (48 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: ST5. USAF Sat Cat: 28980 . COSPAR: 2006-008A. Apogee: 4,539 km (2,820 mi). Perigee: 302 km (187 mi). Inclination: 105.6000 deg. Period: 136.90 min. Space Technology 5 was one of NASA's New Millenium Program projects. It consisted of three small spacecraft, each a half meter in each dimension, with a small extensible magnetometer boom. Study of the magnetosphere was however secondary to the Nanosat Constellation Trailblazer technology mission. This was to demonstrate fully functional nanosatellites, which included a cold gas microthruster and miniaturized telemetry/command and power systems. The Pegasus rocket was dropped from the L-1011 carrier aircraft over the Pacific at 123 deg W x 36 deg N.
  • ST5-B - . Mass: 22 kg (48 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: ST5. USAF Sat Cat: 28981 . COSPAR: 2006-008B. Apogee: 4,540 km (2,820 mi). Perigee: 301 km (187 mi). Inclination: 105.6000 deg. Period: 136.90 min.
  • ST5-C - . Mass: 22 kg (48 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: ST5. USAF Sat Cat: 28982 . COSPAR: 2006-008C. Apogee: 4,539 km (2,820 mi). Perigee: 303 km (188 mi). Inclination: 105.6000 deg. Period: 136.90 min.

2007 March 22 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Icarus. LV Configuration: Icarus 1.
  • ERAU / Icarus test - . Nation: USA. Agency: ERAU. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

2008 March 22 - .
  • EVA STS-123-5 - . Crew: Foreman; Behnken. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.25 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Foreman; Behnken. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-123; ISS EO-16. The crew completed installation of the MISSE 6 sample exposure experiment; assisted in the installation of the OBSS arm, used to inspect the underside of the Shuttle, on the Station truss. The crew finally made inspections of the damaged Solar Alpha Rotary Joint, required to develop a future repair method.

2010 March 22 - . Launch Site: Woomera. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • HiFire-1 - . Nation: Australia. Agency: DSTO. Apogee: 288 km (178 mi). Summary: Hypersonic test.

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