Encyclopedia Astronautica
March 25


March 25 Chronology


1655 March 25 - .
  • Christiaan Huygens' Discovery of Saturn Moon Titan - . Nation: Netherlands.

1903 March 25 - .
  • Birth of Karl Franz Hager - . Nation: Germany; USA. Summary: German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter..

1922 March 25 - .
  • Goddard first thrust from liquid rocket engine - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Summary: Goddard's test engine produced 4 pounds thrust for a brief period..

1928 March 25 - .
  • Birth of James Arthur Jr 'Shaky' Lovell - . Nation: USA. Summary: American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Gemini 7, Gemini 12, Apollo 8, Apollo 13. Member of first crew to rendezvous in space, and first to orbit the moon. Altitude (401,056 km) record..

1939 March 25 - .
  • Birth of Aleksei Anatoliyevich Grechanik - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1978-1987. Civilian Engineer, Chelomei OKB. Trained for a flight to the Almaz space station. Engineer at the Kosmos Pavillon in Moscow..

1943 March 25 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende P7. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 V-019. FAILURE: Burnout at T+60.5s Flight duration 268 seconds. .
1944 March 25 - . Launch Site: Heidelager. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
1945 March 25 - . 07:34 GMT - . Launch Site: V-2 Battery 485. Launch Pad: 2./485. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • V-2 combat launch from Burgsteinfurt - . Nation: Germany. Summary: Burgsteinfurt (Strönfeld), rocket fired (impact unknown) .

1949 March 25 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 108 - . Crew: Everest. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 65. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Everest. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Summary: AF flight 43. Check of pressure suit for altitude operation. Mach 1.24 at 14640 m. Rocket fire and automatic engine shutdown..

1953 March 25 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Hermes. Launch Vehicle: Hermes A-2. LV Configuration: RV-A-10 3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1953 March 25 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Hermes. Launch Vehicle: Hermes A-2. LV Configuration: RV-A-10 4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1955 March 25 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Honest John. LV Configuration: Honest John M-961-PO.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 March 25 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11M.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1959 March 25 - . 05:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: R-7. LV Configuration: R-7 No. IZ-18.
  • GCh No. 15 (III-3) test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 1,350 km (830 mi). Summary: R-7 development test flight. (GCh No. 15 (III-3)).

1960 March 25 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25B. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-16.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 March 25 - . 18:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.12GT.
  • Test / meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi). Summary: Aerobee 150-A, a new type, fired from new launch tower at Wallops Station, reached an altitude of 140 km and achieved rocket performance objectives as well as micrometeorite impact counts..

1960 March 25 - . 23:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-3-8.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2124 kph. Maximum Altitude - 14822 m. Roll damper malfunctioned..

1961 March 25 - . 01:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC13. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E. LV Configuration: Atlas E 16E. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1961 March 25 - . 05:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8K72K. LV Configuration: Vostok 8K72K E103-15.
  • Korabl-Sputnik 5 - . Payload: Vostok 3KA s/n 2. Mass: 4,695 kg (10,350 lb). Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Keldysh; Goreglyad; Karpov; Kamanin; Yazdovskiy; Gagarin; Nelyubov; Popovich; Titov; Bykovsky; Nikolayev; Korolev; Kirillov; Voskresenskiy. Agency: RVSN. Program: Vostok. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Vostok 1. Spacecraft: Vostok. Duration: 0.0600 days. Decay Date: 1961-03-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 95 . COSPAR: 1961-Iota-1. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi). Perigee: 175 km (108 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 88.00 min. Carried dog Zvezdochka and mannequin Ivan Ivanovich. Ivanovich was again ejected from the capsule and recovered by parachute, and Zvezdochka was successfully recovered with the capsule on March 25, 1961 7:40 GMT.
    Officially: Development of the design of the space ship satellite and of the systems on board, designed to ensure man's life functions during flight in outer space and return to Earth. Additional Details: Korabl-Sputnik 5.

1961 March 25 - . 15:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta. LV Configuration: Thor Delta 295/D4.
  • Explorer 10 - . Payload: P-14. Mass: 35 kg (77 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: P-14. Decay Date: 1961-06-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 98 . COSPAR: 1961-Kappa-1. Apogee: 181,100 km (112,500 mi). Perigee: 221 km (137 mi). Inclination: 33.0000 deg. Period: 5,013.90 min. Summary: Magnetic field data. Decay date suspect Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B)..

1963 March 25 - . LV Family: Little Joe II. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe II.
  • First Little Joe II completed - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Electrical. General Dynamics Convair completed structural assembly of the first launcher for the Little Joe II test program. During the next few weeks, electrical equipment installation, vehicle mating, and checkout were completed. The launcher was then disassembled and delivered to WSMR on April 25, 1963.

1964 March 25 - .
  • Boeing to develop the Lunar Orbiter spacecraft - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Lunar Orbiter. The Boeing Company received NASA's go-ahead to develop the Lunar Orbiter spacecraft. Two significant changes were made in the original Statement of Work:

    1. for the selenodetic part of the mission, the spacecraft lifetime was extended from 60 days to one year; and
    2. to expand the area of photographic coverage, the film capacity was increased.

1964 March 25 - . Launch Site: San Marco. Launch Complex: San Marco Rita. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1964 March 25 - . 03:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.120GE.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1965 March 25 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas.
  • Six Atlas squadrons deactivated. - . Nation: USA. Summary: Forbes AFB SMS 548, Warren-3 AFB SMS 549, Altus AFB SMS 577, Dyess AFB SMS 578, Walker AFB SMS 579, and Plattsburgh AFB SMS 556 all deactivated.

1965 March 25 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1B 756.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 March 25 - . 00:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7C. LV Configuration: Skylark-7C SL141.
  • Stellar ultraviolet / Antenna Ultraviolet astronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1965 March 25 - . 02:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-B. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2. LV Configuration: Titan II B-60.
  • Arctic Sun operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 March 25 - . 05:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AA-2A-60.
  • or Mar 24 Ionosphere / micrometeorite mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1965 March 25 - . 10:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92. LV Configuration: Vostok 8A92 G15001-06.
  • Cosmos 64 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 17. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1965-04-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 1305 . COSPAR: 1965-025A. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

1965 March 25 - . 11:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-8.
  • Airglow Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi).

1965 March 25 - . 21:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena D SLV-2A/D. LV Configuration: Thor SLV-2A Agena D 429 / Agena D SS-01B 1612.
  • KH-4A 1018 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1018 / Agena D 1612 / OPS 4803. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; CIA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1965-04-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 1307 . COSPAR: 1965-026A. Apogee: 381 km (236 mi). Perigee: 237 km (147 mi). Inclination: 96.0000 deg. Period: 90.70 min. Summary: KH-4A. Cameras operated successfully. First KH-4A reconnaissance system to be launched into a retrograde orbit..

1966 March 25 - . 00:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.258IA.
  • ISRO 10.08 TERLS-42 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 201 km (124 mi).

1966 March 25 - . 09:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-C. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2. LV Configuration: Titan II B-16.
  • Close Touch operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 March 25 - . 09:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Javelin.
  • HITAB Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1966 March 25 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1A 649 (63-130).
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1967 March 25 - . 06:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 152 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 7. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1967-06-08 . Decay Date: 1967-08-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 2722 . COSPAR: 1967-028A. Apogee: 472 km (293 mi). Perigee: 271 km (168 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 91.90 min. Summary: Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1968 March 25 - .
1968 March 25 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC50. Launch Vehicle: Sprint. LV Configuration: Sprint ABM FLA-18. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1968 March 25 - . 04:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ion composition Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1968 March 25 - . 05:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1968 March 25 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.271GM.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1968 March 25 - . 12:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.272GM.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1968 March 25 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 181 km (112 mi).

1968 March 25 - . 21:14 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P8H.
  • C / D / E electrons Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1968 March 25 - . 22:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1969 March 25 - .
  • First flight-model ALSEP delivered - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM. Summary: The first flight-model ALSEP arrived at KSC, where it would undergo software integration tests and be prepared for installation in the LM..

1969 March 25 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1B 1308.
  • FOT GT34B Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1970 March 25 - . 07:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL A07.907-3.
  • E field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1971 March 25 - .
  • DOS#1 Launch Commission. - . Nation: USSR. Program: Salyut. Flight: Soyuz 10; Soyuz 11; Soyuz 12 / DOS 1. Spacecraft: Salyut 1. The launch date, time, and first mission duration are debated. The VVS specialists now say a night landing by a Soyuz is acceptable from a safety point of view. Only two months earlier they were rejecting the possibility - these are people without principles, in Kamanin's view. He believes the crew's lives will be at risk with the planned thirty day flight duration.

1971 March 25 - . 13:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7C. LV Configuration: Skylark-7C S56B/1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ESRO S56B / 1 Ionosphere / solar ultraviolet / x-ray mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1972 March 25 - . 02:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/pad?. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 480 - . Mass: 600 kg (1,320 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Spacecraft: Sfera. USAF Sat Cat: 5905 . COSPAR: 1972-019A. Apogee: 1,199 km (745 mi). Perigee: 1,173 km (728 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 109.10 min. Summary: Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1972 March 25 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Javelin.
  • Cs cloud Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Wallops. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1972 March 25 - . 10:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 481 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 46. Mass: 375 kg (826 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1972-09-03 . Decay Date: 1972-09-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 5906 . COSPAR: 1972-020A. Apogee: 496 km (308 mi). Perigee: 277 km (172 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Summary: Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1973 March 25 - . 17:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-14.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1974 March 25 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1975 March 25 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1976 March 25 - . 01:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1977 March 25 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1978 March 25 - . 18:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 3C. LV Configuration: Titan IIIC 23C-17 (3C-35). FAILURE: Second stage hydraulic pump failure.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • DSCS II-09 - . Payload: DSCS II F-9. Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DSCS. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: DSCS II. Decay Date: 1978-03-25 . COSPAR: F780325A. Summary: Launched with DSCS F10..
  • DSCS II F-10 - . Payload: DSCS II F-10. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Program: DSCS. Spacecraft: DSCS II. COSPAR: F780325B.

1979 March 25 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1980 March 25 - . 01:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1981 March 25 - . 08:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Taurus Tomahawk NASA 34.05UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1982 March 25 - . 09:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/1. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Meteor 2-08 - . Payload: Meteor-2 no. 8. Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor-2. USAF Sat Cat: 13113 . COSPAR: 1982-025A. Apogee: 957 km (594 mi). Perigee: 933 km (579 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 103.90 min. Summary: Acquisition of meteorological information and data on fluxes of penetrating radiation in circumterrestrial space. .

1983 March 25 - . 21:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 41 km (25 mi).

1985 March 25 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U2.
  • Cosmos 1643 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-4KS1. Duration: 207.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-10-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 15634 . COSPAR: 1985-026A. Apogee: 276 km (171 mi). Perigee: 182 km (113 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. Summary: Photo/digital surveillance..

1986 March 25 - . 19:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1737 - . Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: EORSAT. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: US-P. Decay Date: 1986-12-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 16648 . COSPAR: 1986-025A. Apogee: 426 km (264 mi). Perigee: 414 km (257 mi). Inclination: 73.4000 deg. Period: 93.00 min. Summary: Ocean surveillance..

1987 March 25 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1988 March 25 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout G. LV Configuration: Scout G-1 S206C.
  • San Marco D/L - . Payload: San Marco 5. Mass: 236 kg (520 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: ASI. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft: San Marco. Decay Date: 1988-12-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 19013 . COSPAR: 1988-026A. Apogee: 625 km (388 mi). Perigee: 268 km (166 mi). Inclination: 3.0000 deg. Period: 93.50 min. Summary: Upper atmosphere studies; US, France, Italy participation. .

1991 March 25 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Complex: Palmachim IAFTR. Launch Platform: SHIP-ISR. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1992 March 25 - . 15:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde. LV Configuration: AN/DMQ-9.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1992 March 25 - .
1993 March 25 - . 02:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2. LV Configuration: Proton-K/DM-2 358-01.
  • Raduga 29 - . Payload: Raduga s/n 42L. Mass: 1,965 kg (4,332 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Raduga . USAF Sat Cat: 22557 . COSPAR: 1993-013A. Apogee: 35,802 km (22,246 mi). Perigee: 35,778 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 1.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.30 min. Telephone and telegraph communications and transmission of television programmes. Raduga 29 joined Raduga 22. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 12 deg E in 1993-1999. As of 3 September 2001 located at 11.13 deg E drifting at 0.020 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 2 located at 61.26E drifting at 0.381E degrees per day.

1993 March 25 - . 13:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC158. LV Family: Topol. Launch Vehicle: Start-1.
  • Start-1 - . Payload: EKA-1. Mass: 260 kg (570 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Start. USAF Sat Cat: 22561 . COSPAR: 1993-014A. Apogee: 964 km (599 mi). Perigee: 681 km (423 mi). Inclination: 75.8000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. Summary: Test flight of new booster based on SS-25 ICBM. Full-scale mock-up (actual weight) for the flight-design testing of the Start-1 carrier rocket. Experimental satellite launched by a Start-1 carrier rocket from the Plesetsk launch site. .

1993 March 25 - . 21:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas I. LV Configuration: Atlas I AC-74 / Centaur I 5054. FAILURE: Atlas engine failure. Loss of booster engine thrust resulted in a lower-than planned 1560 km x 1900 km orbit. Failed Stage: 1.
  • UHF F1 - . Payload: UHF F/O F1. Mass: 2,866 kg (6,318 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: HCI. Program: UHF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 601. Completed Operations Date: 1993-07-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 22563 . COSPAR: 1993-015A. Apogee: 36,098 km (22,430 mi). Perigee: 36,053 km (22,402 mi). Inclination: 21.1000 deg. Period: 1,450.90 min. US Navy communications; Ultra High Frequency Follow On; unusable orbit. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Launch vehicle was to have put payload into subsynchronous earth orbit with MRS trajectory option. As of 28 August 2001 located at 45.55 deg W drifting at 3.676 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 95.89E drifting at 3.687W degrees per day.

1994 March 25 - .
  • Mir News 211: Progress-M22 launched - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Mir EO-15; Mir LD-4. The freighter Progress-M22 has been launched from Baykonur on 22.03- .94 at 0454 UTC. If all goes well the Progress-M22 will dock to Mir's aft (Kvant-1) docking port on 24.03.94 at abt. 0638 UTC. During some of the passes within our range the transmitters of Progress-M22 could be heard. During the pass from 0929-0931 UTC only in the 166 and 165 mc bands, from 1059-1105 UTC also the beacon on 922.755 mc transmitted. So the transmitters did not -as usual- transmit during all passes. TsUP stated that all systems worked without problems. TsUP emphasised that the delay of the launch (originally on schedule for 16 or 18.03.94) was caused by the blizzards and that the fire in MIK and a command centre on 7.03.94 had nothing to do with the delay. The blizzards buried the cosmodrome under snow dunes up to 6 meters high.

    Tracking ships: Now and then TsUP and Mir meet problems with the communications via the geostationary satellite Altair. Probably this is caused by malfunctions of the meanwhile worn out transceiver (Antares) on board Mir The tracking ship Cosmonaut Pavel Belyayev (KPB), somewhere in the Atlantic, regularly is involved in Mir-communications. On 23.03.94 from 1705-1714 UTC Mir and TsUP have a communication sched via KPB.

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202


1995 March 25 - . 08:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 10CM1. LV Configuration: Black Brant 10CM1 NASA 35.031UE.
  • Ionosphere / release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 900 km (550 mi).

1996 March 25 - .
  • Comet Hyakutake Near-Earth Flyby (0.10 AU) - .

1997 March 25 - . 03:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.158UL.
  • Hale-Bopp Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 282 km (175 mi).

1998 March 25 - . 01:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC NASA 21.115UE.
  • Coqui Dos Ionosphere/Release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1998 March 25 - . 17:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Complex: Taiyuan LC1. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-2C/SD. LV Configuration: Chang Zheng 2C-III/SD CZ2C-17 (50).
  • Iridium 51 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV051. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25262 . COSPAR: 1998-018A. Apogee: 756 km (469 mi). Perigee: 751 km (466 mi). Inclination: 86.4500 deg. Period: 99.90 min. Summary: Plane 4. Ascending node 262.5 degrees. Not in service..
  • Iridium 61 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV061. Mass: 689 kg (1,518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 25263 . COSPAR: 1998-018B. Apogee: 780 km (480 mi). Perigee: 776 km (482 mi). Inclination: 86.4000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Plane 4. Ascending node 262.5 degrees..

1999 March 25 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 730. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4. LV Configuration: Trident C-4 FCET-50.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1999 March 25 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 730. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4. LV Configuration: Trident C-4 FCET-50.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2000 March 25 - . 20:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7326-9.5. LV Configuration: Delta 7326-9.5 D277.
  • IMAGE - . Mass: 536 kg (1,181 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: IMAGE. USAF Sat Cat: 26113 . COSPAR: 2000-017A. Apogee: 45,461 km (28,248 mi). Perigee: 1,408 km (875 mi). Inclination: 89.4260 deg. Period: 854.09 min. Imager for Magnetopause to Aurora Global Exploration was a MIDEX (mid-sized Explorer mission) developed by NASA-Goddard and the SWRI (Southwest Research Institute) of San Antonio, Texas. The spin-stabilised spacecraft carried a set of neutral atom and ultraviolet imagers, and antennae to study radio wavelength emissions from the magnetosphere plasma. The RPI radio plasma imager has four long wire antennae which will be deployed to a span of half a kilometre.

2002 March 25 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan SLS. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-2F. LV Configuration: Chang Zheng 2F CZ2F-3 (66).
  • Shenzhou 3 - . Mass: 7,800 kg (17,100 lb). Nation: China. Agency: CAS. Manufacturer: CALT. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft: Shenzhou. Duration: 6.78 days. Decay Date: 2002-04-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 27397 . COSPAR: 2002-014A. Apogee: 379 km (235 mi). Perigee: 374 km (232 mi). Inclination: 42.4000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. The third unmanned test of the Shenzhou spacecraft was delayed almost three months when a defective connector was found on the booster after roll-out to the pad in January 2002. The vehicle was disassembled, and all suspect connectors were replaced. The stand-down also revealed ten previously undetected defects in the space capsule. The spacecraft, the first all-up flight model with a functioning (but deactivated) launch escape system, was finally launched and placed into an initial 197 x 326 km x 42.4 deg orbit at 1425 UTC. At about 2120 UTC Shenzhou used its own engine to raise its orbit to 332 x 337 km. The capsule included a dummy astronaut instrumented to monitor life support systems. The descent module returned to Earth on April 1 at 0851 UTC, landing in Inner Mongolia. The orbital module remained in orbit to carry out further experiments, finally being deorbited on 12 November 2002. The spacecraft carried 44 scientific payloads, including a medium-resolution imaging radiometer developed by Chinese Academy of Sciences, installed on the instrument pallet atop the orbital module.

2003 March 25 - . 09:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Complex: Poker Flat LC2. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 10CM1. LV Configuration: Black Brant 10CM1 NASA 35.034UE.
  • HEX H Aurora / chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

2003 March 25 - . 10:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Complex: Poker Flat LC3. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion Improved. LV Configuration: Terrier Improved Orion NASA 41.034UE.
  • HEX V Aurora / chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

2005 March 25 - .
2006 March 25 - . 03:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion Mk 70.
  • HyShot 3 - . Nation: Australia. Agency: UQU. Apogee: 325 km (201 mi). The 100-kg test British-design scramjet engine was boosted to an altitude of 314 km during a 10-minute flight. It and the attached second stage then were re-oriented to point back to the Earth. The scramjet was successfully ignited at a speed of Mach 8 in the tiny six-second window of opportunity shortly before impact.

2006 March 25 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.064DR.
  • Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; NAWC. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2006 March 25 - . 13:07 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.065DR.
  • Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; NAWC. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2008 March 25 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 03/25/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Eyharts; Malenchenko; Reisman; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-2; STS-123. Off-duty day for the station crew.

    ISS work cycle today: Sleep 11:00pm (last night) -7:30am; wake 7:30am (this morning) -5:30pm.

    STS-123/Endeavour and ISS are flying in separate orbits again (Flight Day 15/16 for STS-123/1J/A)

    After final preparations on both sides of the hatches (closed yesterday on ISS side at 5:51pm EDT), Endeavour undocked last night at 8:25pm, 29 min late, from PMA-2 (Pressurized Mating Adapter 2) after a total docked time of 11d 20h 36m. (For undocking, the station was turned from -XVV through ~180 deg to +XVV ZLV (+x-axis in velocity vector, z-axis in local vertical, i.e., flying Shuttle-leading again) at ~7:09pm, put briefly on free drift for the undocking, and then moded to 1J/A Stage attitude of +XVV TEA attitude. During pre-undock feathering & locking of the station's P6 solar arrays, latch #2 of the 2B BGA (Beta Gimbal Assembly) latched only at the third attempt, delaying the undocking by ~29 min.) Additional Details: ISS On-Orbit Status 03/25/08.


2009 March 25 - . 13:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Wingate. Launch Vehicle: Hera.
  • PAC-3 Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: Target.

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