Encyclopedia Astronautica
March 31


March 31 Chronology


1926 March 31 - .
  • Birth of Rocco Petrone - . Nation: USA. Summary: American engineer, managed development of the Redstone at Huntsivlle, then the Saturn V at NASA, 1960-1974..

1934 March 31 - .
  • Birth of Grigori Grigoyevich Nelyubov - . Nation: Russia; Ukraine. Summary: Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1963. Discharged with Anikeyev and Filatuev after alcohol incident. Returned to Air Force duties in Siberia, underwent increasing depression, killed in 1966 when hit by a train..

1939 March 31 - .
  • Birth of Lutz T Kayser - . Nation: Germany. Summary: German engineer and low-cost rocket pioneer. 1975-1987 developed Otrag concept - clustered large numbers of low-cost storable liquid rocket modules to reduce costs by 10x. Tested in Congo and Libya, but project killed by vested interests..

1944 March 31 - . Launch Site: Heidelager. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
1945 March 31 - . Launch Site: V-2 Battery 485. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • 217 V-2's are fired from The Hague in March, with 19 known failures. - . Nation: Germany.

1948 March 31 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 79 - . Crew: Yeager. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 45. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Yeager. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Summary: AF flight 23. Engine shutdown after launch. Propellants jettisoned, completed as glide flight..

1948 March 31 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 78 - . Crew: Lilly. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 34. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Lilly. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Summary: NACA flight 14. Stability and loads investigation. Plane attained mach 1.1..

1950 March 31 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 45R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 March 31 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Honest John. LV Configuration: Honest John 27.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 March 31 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 1104R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 March 31 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 1708E.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 March 31 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 1778T.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 March 31 - .
  • Birth of Patrick Graham Forrester - . Nation: USA. Summary: American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-105, STS-117, STS-128. US Army..

1958 March 31 - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: BELA. Launch Platform: B-67?. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11FM.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1959 March 31 - .
  • Mercury abort methods. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury; Mercury Escape Tower. Range Safety personnel at the Atlantic Missile Range were briefed by Space Task Group personnel on the description of the Mercury spacecraft, how it would function during a normal flight on an Atlas launch vehicle, and suggest methods for initiation of an abort during different powered phases of a flight. Atlantic Missile Range personnel discussed their past experience, and work was started to draft a Project Mercury range safety plan.

1960 March 31 - . 16:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 34.7 N x 118.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-8-16.
  • X-15A SAS Gains test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 2156 kph. Maximum Altitude - 15653 m. 3.5 to 5G pullouts to simulate reentry..

1961 March 31 - .
  • All stations of NASA's world-wide Mercury tracking network were classed as being operational. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Summary: An industrial team headed by the Western Electric Company turned over the $60,000,000 global network (figs. 48 and 49) to NASA in a formal ceremony later in the year..

1961 March 31 - .
  • MHD / Thermal arc jet engine contracts. - . Nation: USA. Summary: NASA selected GE's Space Sciences Laboratory and Avco Corp. for negotiation of contracts to study feasibility of magneto gas dynamic electric rocket or thermal arc jet rocket engines..

1961 March 31 - . 19:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC20. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I AJ-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Mk 4 re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1962 March 31 - .
  • The configuration of the Gemini spacecraft was formally frozen. - . Nation: USA. Program: Gemini. Spacecraft: Gemini. Following receipt of the program go-ahead on December 22, 1961, McDonnell began defining the Gemini spacecraft. At that time, the basic configuration was already firm. During the three-month period, McDonnell wrote a series of detailed specifications to define the overall vehicle, its performance, and each of the major subsystems. These were submitted to NASA and approved. During the same period, the major subsystems specification control drawings - the specifications against which equipment was procured - were written, negotiated with NASA, and distributed to potential subcontractors for bid.

1964 March 31 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2.
  • Electrical and mechanical modification of Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 1 airborne components was completed. - . Nation: USA. GLV-1 had been shipped to the Cape equipped with several items to be used only for ground tests. These were replaced with flight units, beginning January 31. The GLV-1 Wet Mock Simulated Launch, a complete countdown exercise including propellant loading, was successfully completed April 2. Testing concluded on April 5 with a Simulated Flight Test.

1964 March 31 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1A 557.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1964 March 31 - . 02:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC32B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1B 441.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1964 March 31 - . 02:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Javelin.
  • TRUMP (MM study) test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1965 March 31 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
  • Apollo LEMs 1, 2, and 3 to have remote command of the transponder feature - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM; LM Communications. MSC requested that Grumman incorporate in the command list for LEMs 1, 2, and 3 the capability for turning the LEM transponder off and on by real-time radio command from the Manned Space Flight Network. Necessity for capability of radio command for turning the LEM transponder on after LEM separation resulted from ASPO's decision that the LEM and Saturn instrument unit S-band transponders would use the same transmission and reception frequencies.

1966 March 31 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 1. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV. LV Configuration: Athena B009.
  • USN B009 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 March 31 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 3. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV. LV Configuration: Athena D019.
  • USAF D019 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 March 31 - . 05:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC10W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Burner 1. LV Configuration: Thor Burner 1 147.
  • DMSP-Block-4A F6 - . Payload: DAPP 15 / OPS 0340. Mass: 130 kg (280 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DMSP. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: DMSP Block 4A. USAF Sat Cat: 2125 . COSPAR: 1966-026A. Apogee: 855 km (531 mi). Perigee: 604 km (375 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 99.40 min. Summary: Defense Meteorological Satellite Program..

1966 March 31 - . 10:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78M N103-42.
  • Luna 10 - . Payload: E-6S s/n 206 ISL. Mass: 1,597 kg (3,520 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Program: Luna. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Luna E-6S. USAF Sat Cat: 2126 . COSPAR: 1966-027A. Lunar Orbit (Selenocentric). Development of system to permit the creation of an artificial lunar satellite for the investigation of circumlunar space; development of onboard systems for putting a station into a selenocentric (circumlunar) orbit. Orbit: Lunar Orbiter. The Luna 10 spacecraft was launched towards the Moon from an Earth orbiting platform. The spacecraft entered lunar orbit 3 50 x 1017 km, inclination 71.9 deg to plane of the lunar equator. on April 4, 1966. Scientific instruments included a gamma-ray spectrometer for energies between 0.3--3 MeV, a triaxial magnetometer, a meteorite detector, instruments for solar-plasma studies, and devices for measuring infrared emissions from the Moon and radiation conditions of the lunar environment. Gravitational studies were also conducted. The spacecraft played back to Earth the `Internationale' during the Twenty-third Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Luna 10 was battery powered and operated for 460 lunar orbits and 219 active data transmissions before radio signals were discontinued on May 30, 1966.

1966 March 31 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 598. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3P-396.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 March 31 - .
  • Soviet lunar maps prepared. - . Nation: USSR. Program: Lunar L3. Kamanin examines maps of the moon, executed at scales of 1:5,000,000 and 1:10,000,000. 2000 are to be printed for use by the cosmonauts in preparation for the Soviet lunar landings. Mishin doesn't see the point - he is very aggressively anti-pilot for his lunar spacecraft.

1967 March 31 - .
1967 March 31 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU32. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 March 31 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 1. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV. LV Configuration: Athena E002.
  • USAF E002 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1967 March 31 - . 00:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.09GE.
  • Ba Release Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1967 March 31 - . 03:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.283CA.
  • Teb Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1967 March 31 - . 06:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LE1. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor DSV-2J. LV Configuration: Thor DSV-2J 168.
  • AFP-437 combat evaluation interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 484 km (300 mi).

1967 March 31 - . 17:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.208GM.
  • Wind shift study Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1968 March 31 - . 00:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.378IE.
  • ISRO 10.18 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi).

1968 March 31 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.377IE-II.
  • ISRO 10.17 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1969 March 31 - . 14:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B SUP.
  • Rehnuma 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1970 March 31 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF26. Launch Pad: LF26?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2. LV Configuration: Minuteman 2 2594.
  • OT GT23F operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1971 March 31 - .
  • Cosmonaut delegates to Communist Party Congress. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Nikolayev; Beregovoi; Shatalov; Yeliseyev; Tereshkova. The Communist Party Congress is addressed for five hours by Brezhnev. There are 5,000 delegates, including 101 international delegations from 90 countries. Brezhnev promises that the imperialist lackeys will be wiped out one by one until communism triumphs over the whole planet. Five cosmonauts are delegates - Nikolayev, Beregovoi, Shatalov, Yeliseyev, and Tereshkova.

1972 March 31 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle.
  • Shuttle SSME Judgement - . Nation: USA. Summary: Pratt and Whitney's protest against the award of the shuttle engine development contract was rejected. Contract award to Rocketdyne could now proceed..

1972 March 31 - . 03:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.329UA.
  • UM Aeronomy Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 181 km (112 mi).

1972 March 31 - . 04:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. FAILURE: The escape stage Block L's engine cut off 125 seconds after ignition due to timer failure.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Cosmos 482 - . Payload: 3V (V-72) s/n 671. Mass: 1,180 kg (2,600 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Venera. Class: Venus. Type: Venus probe. Spacecraft: Venera 3V (V-72). Decay Date: 1981-05-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 5919 . COSPAR: 1972-023A. Apogee: 9,806 km (6,093 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 201.40 min.

1973 March 31 - . 03:17 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P44H.
  • Dawn chorus Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1973 March 31 - . 12:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.148GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 232 km (144 mi).

1974 March 31 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHOK. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1975 March 31 - . 15:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1976 March 31 - . 06:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC NASA 21.03UI.
  • Ionosphere / aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 231 km (143 mi).

1976 March 31 - . 12:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511M.
  • Cosmos 811 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MT. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1976-04-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 8781 . COSPAR: 1976-030A. Apogee: 338 km (210 mi). Perigee: 206 km (128 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.00 min. Summary: Military topography satellite; returned film capsule; also performed mapping, geodesy, earth resources; deployed capsule..

1977 March 31 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3. LV Configuration: Sonda 3 XV-03.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 546 km (339 mi).

1978 March 31 - .
  • ET for vibe tests delivered. - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Summary: External tank for mated vertical ground vibration test delivered..

1978 March 31 - .
  • Operational readiness date, SRB refurbishment. - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Summary: Operational readiness date, solid rocket booster refurbishment and subassembly, Kennedy Space Center. Fla..

1978 March 31 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC177. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100U 15A16.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 March 31 - . 14:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53768-307.
  • Cosmos 1000 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 10776 . COSPAR: 1978-034A. Apogee: 1,008 km (626 mi). Perigee: 955 km (593 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Summary: Civilian naval navigation satellite. Completion of work on a space navigation system designed to permit determination of the position of Soviet naval and fishing vessels..

1978 March 31 - . 23:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur SLV-3D. LV Configuration: SLV-3D Centaur AC-48 / Centaur D-1AR 5028.
  • Intelsat 4A F-6 - . Mass: 826 kg (1,821 lb). Nation: International. Agency: Intelsat. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Intelsat 4A. Completed Operations Date: 1986-12-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 10778 . COSPAR: 1978-035A. Apogee: 35,823 km (22,259 mi). Perigee: 35,758 km (22,218 mi). Inclination: 11.6000 deg. Period: 1,436.30 min. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Launch vehicle put payload into geosynchronous transfer orbit Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Indian Ocean at 63 deg E in 1978-1982; over the Pacific Ocean 174 deg E in 1982-1986; over the Pacific Ocean 170 deg E in 1986 As of 26 August 2001 located at 92.43 deg E drifting at 0.407 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 75.50E drifting at 0.437W degrees per day.

1979 March 31 - . 02:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1979 March 31 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1090 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-04-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 11313 . COSPAR: 1979-027A. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi). Perigee: 217 km (134 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule..

1979 March 31 - . 22:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna A. Launch Vehicle: Aries. LV Configuration: Aries NASA 24.06IE.
  • DLR K-AR-93 Porc. F4 Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 452 km (280 mi).

1980 March 31 - . 23:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde. LV Configuration: AN/DMQ-9.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1981 March 31 - . 09:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 1261 - . Payload: Oko #20. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Military. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 12376 . COSPAR: 1981-031A. Apogee: 35,583 km (22,110 mi). Perigee: 4,742 km (2,946 mi). Inclination: 67.2000 deg. Period: 717.20 min. Summary: Covered Oko constellation plane 6 - 115 degree longitude of ascending node..

1982 March 31 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF26. Launch Pad: LF26?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT87GB Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1982 March 31 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53747-241.
  • Cosmos 1345 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1989-09-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 13118 . COSPAR: 1982-026A. Apogee: 369 km (229 mi). Perigee: 355 km (220 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 91.80 min. Summary: Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1982 March 31 - . 16:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Cosmos 1346 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 34. Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 13120 . COSPAR: 1982-027A. Apogee: 602 km (374 mi). Perigee: 572 km (355 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 96.40 min. Summary: Replaced Cosmos 1222..

1983 March 31 - .
1983 March 31 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1449 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 15.00 days. Decay Date: 1983-04-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 13955 . COSPAR: 1983-024A. Apogee: 372 km (231 mi). Perigee: 197 km (122 mi). Inclination: 72.7000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1986 March 31 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1987 March 31 - . 00:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K. LV Configuration: Proton-K 336-02.
  • Kvant 1 - . Payload: 37KE s/n 010 / 77KE s/n 16601. Mass: 20,000 kg (44,000 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Flight: Mir EO-2; Mir LD-1. Spacecraft: Kvant. Duration: 2,586.99 days. Decay Date: 2001-03-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 17845 . COSPAR: 1987-030A. Apogee: 393 km (244 mi). Perigee: 385 km (239 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. MIR module; high energy observatory. Docked with Mir. Rendezvous with Mir 5 April; soft dock 9 April; EVA on 11 April to remove fabric strip from docking apparatus and hard dock; jettisoned service module on 12 April at 22:18

    Maneuver Summary:
    168 km X 278 km orbit to 172 km X 300 km orbit. Delta V: 7 m/s
    169 km X 296 km orbit to 172 km X 314 km orbit. Delta V: 5 m/s
    170 km X 313 km orbit to 297 km X 345 km orbit. Delta V: 46 m/s
    298 km X 344 km orbit to 345 km X 364 km orbit. Delta V: 18 m/s
    Service Module only, after undocking with Mir:
    345 km X 364 km orbit to 341 km X 363 km orbit. Delta V: 1 m/s
    340 km X 361 km orbit to 383 km X 406 km orbit. Delta V: 24 m/s
    Total Delta V: 101 m/s
    Officially: Extra-atmospheric astronomic research and resolution of a number of problems with scientific and economic applications.
  • FSB - . Payload: FSB No. 16601. Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Flight: Mir EO-2; Mir LD-1. Spacecraft: Kvant. Decay Date: 1988-08-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 17851 . COSPAR: 1987-030C. Apogee: 404 km (251 mi). Perigee: 380 km (230 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.40 min.

1987 March 31 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.14UE.
  • COPE II Main Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 436 km (270 mi).

1987 March 31 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk Nike. LV Configuration: Taurus Nike Tomahawk NASA 38.10UE.
  • COPE II Super 1 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 467 km (290 mi).

1987 March 31 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk Nike. LV Configuration: Taurus Nike Tomahawk NASA 38.11UE.
  • COPE II Super 2 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 441 km (274 mi).

1988 March 31 - . 04:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM. LV Configuration: Proton-K/DM 343-02.
  • Gorizont 15 - . Payload: Gorizont s/n 26L. Mass: 2,100 kg (4,600 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Gorizont . Completed Operations Date: 1992-09-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 19017 . COSPAR: 1988-028A. Apogee: 36,630 km (22,760 mi). Perigee: 36,343 km (22,582 mi). Inclination: 3.7000 deg. Period: 1,472.00 min. Stationed at 346 deg E. Radio telephone and telegraph communications and television broadcasting. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 14 deg W in 1988-1991; 11 deg W in 1991-1992 As of 31 August 2001 located at 29.28 deg W drifting at 8.804 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 152.02W drifting at 8.807W degrees per day.

1991 March 31 - . 15:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K. LV Configuration: Proton-K 365-01.
  • Almaz 1 - . Payload: Almaz-K s/n 305. Mass: 18,550 kg (40,890 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Almaz. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: Almaz-T. Decay Date: 1992-10-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 21213 . COSPAR: 1991-024A. Apogee: 351 km (218 mi). Perigee: 337 km (209 mi). Inclination: 72.7000 deg. Period: 91.40 min. Second flight of Almaz radar imaging satellite. Surveyed the territory of the Soviet Union and of other countries for purposes of geology, cartography, oceanology, ecology and agriculture, and studied the ice situation at high latitudes. Launched eight months after its target date into an initial operational orbit of approximately 270 km with an inclination of 72.7 degrees, slightly higher than the 71.9 degrees inclination of Cosmos 1870. Unfortunately, the failure of one of the SAR antennas to deploy fully rendered that side inoperable. Returned images of 10 to 15 meter resolution through 17 October 1992. Its radiometer provided images of 10 to 30 km radiometer resolution over a 600 km swath. Its engines completed 760,000 firings during its 18 month service life.

1993 March 31 - . 03:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U2. LV Configuration: Soyuz 11A511U2 N15000-069.
  • Progress M-17 - . Payload: Progress M s/n 217. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Mir EO-13. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 337.00 days. Completed Operations Date: 1994-03-03 03:29:47 . Decay Date: 1994-03-03 03:29:47 . USAF Sat Cat: 22588 . COSPAR: 1993-019A. Apogee: 365 km (226 mi). Perigee: 362 km (224 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.80 min. Unmanned resupply vessel to Mir. Conducted docked and undocked longevity spacecraft longevity tests. Docked with Mir on 1 Apr 1993 05:16:18 GMT. Undocked on 11 Aug 1993 15:36:42 GMT. Destroyed in reentry over the South Atlantic on 3 Mar 1994 03:28:00 GMT. Total free-flight time 204.56 days. Total docked time 132.43 days.

1996 March 31 - .
1999 March 31 - . 00:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands LP1. Launch Platform: C-130. Launch Vehicle: SR19.
  • SRALT/MBRV-3 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; USAF. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

2000 March 31 - .
  • Mir News 474: Status space station MIR - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Summary: DA ZDRAVSTVUET SLAVNAYA STANTSIYA Mir!! (Long live famous space station Mir). As of 24.03.2000 the main computer and the SUD (system for the control of movements) continuously control the attitude of the Mir-complex with the use of the gyrodynes.. Additional Details: Mir News 474: Status space station MIR.

2001 March 31 - . Launch Site: Fort Wingate. Launch Complex: Fort Wingate LC96. Launch Vehicle: Hera. LV Configuration: Hera 19/MBRV-3.
  • MBRV-3/PAC-3 DT-8a Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA SSDC. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

2001 March 31 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: Prithvi. Launch Vehicle: Prithvi. LV Configuration: Prithvi 18.
  • Solid fuel test - . Nation: India. Agency: IDRDL. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2003 March 31 - . 22:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. Launch Pad: SLC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925-9.5. LV Configuration: Delta 7925-9.5 D297.
  • USA 168 - . Payload: GPS 2R-9 / Navstar 52. Mass: 2,032 kg (4,479 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2R. USAF Sat Cat: 27704 . COSPAR: 2003-010A. Apogee: 20,376 km (12,661 mi). Perigee: 19,985 km (12,418 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Period: 717.90 min. Summary: Delayed from May 16, July 25, November 14, 2002, and February 6, 2003. Timely replenishment of GPS constellation..

2004 March 31 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Vehicle: Tier One.
  • White Knight Flight 51 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Binnie; Melvill. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: SpaceShipOne. Summary: Flight Time: 2.0 Hours. White Knight Pilot: Binnie. White Knight Copilot: Melvill. Objectives: SpaceShipOne Flight 13P launch rehearsal, avionics checkout and landing practice.

2005 March 31 - .
  • Cassini, Titan Flyby - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Cassini.

2006 March 31 - .
  • Cassini, Titan Flyby - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Cassini.

2008 March 31 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 03/31/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Malenchenko; Reisman; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16. Underway: Week 24 of Increment 16.

    As suggested on his voluntary 'job jar' task list, after wakeup and before breakfast FE-2 Garrett Reisman completed his fourth session with the SLEEP (Sleep-Wake Actigraphy & Light Exposure during Spaceflight) experiment software for data logging and filling in questionnaire entries in the experiment's laptop session file on the HRF-1 laptop. (To monitor the crewmember's sleep/wake patterns and light exposure, Garrett wears a special Actiwatch device which measures the light levels encountered by him as well as his patterns of sleep and activity throughout the Expedition. The log entries are done within 15 minutes of final awakening for seven consecutive days.) Additional Details: ISS On-Orbit Status 03/31/08.


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