Encyclopedia Astronautica
May 01


May 01 Chronology


1903 May 1 - .
1907 May 1 - .
1916 May 1 - .
1925 May 1 - .
  • Birth of Clay D Blair - . Nation: USA. Summary: American writer. Magazine correspondent and editor of Saturday Evening Post 1957-1964..

1925 May 1 - .
  • Birth of Malcolm Scott Carpenter - . Nation: USA. Summary: American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Mercury MA-7, but left NASA under a cloud after running out of propellant on his mission and splashing down 'way down range..

1925 May 1 - .
  • Birth of Charles Walker - . Nation: USA. Summary: American engineer. Part of Atlas management team..

1932 May 1 - .
  • Tsiolkovskiy's last radio speech - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Tsiolkovskiy. Summary: He predicted that, using multistage boosters, the first space flights would take place within 20 to 30 years..

1936 May 1 - .
  • Von Braun enters Luftwaffe. - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: von Braun. Summary: Wernher Von Braun joins the German Air Force and receives pilot training at Frankfurt/Oder and Stolp..

1937 May 1 - .
  • Von Braun joins Nazi Party. - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: von Braun. Summary: Wernher Von Braun joins the Nazi Party..

1940 May 1 - .
  • Von Braun promoted to SS Untersturmfuehrer. - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: von Braun. Summary: Von Braun's membership in the SS is 'renewed' and he is promoted to Untersturmfuehrer with the SS number 185068. According to some accounts he had joined the SS as early as 1934..

1943 May 1 - . Launch Vehicle: JATO.
  • JATO tests. - . Nation: USA. Summary: A PBY Catalina, fitted with two liquid-propellant JATO rockets developed at Annapolis, took off with 20 percent reduction in run. Liquid-propellant JATO was abandoned by Navy in 1944..

1944 May 1 - . Launch Site: Heidelager. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 17359. FAILURE: Airburst.
  • V-2 A17 G1 - . Nation: Germany. Summary: Airburst but within 100 m of aim point..

1945 May 1 - .
1946 May 1 - .
  • RAND study of a capsule with wings for manned space flight. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Dynasoar. Summary: RAND authorities determined that it was feasible to design a capsule with wings for manned space flight..

1946 May 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: FFAR. Launch Vehicle: FFAR.
  • RM-5 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1947 May 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • FR-2 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1949 May 1 - .
  • Gerard Kuiper's Discovery of Neptune Moon Nereid - . Nation: USA.

1952 May 1 - . 14:59 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-10 NRL 9.
  • Ultraviolet detectors Solar x-ray and ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi). Summary: Solar radiation research. Launched at 0842 local time. Reached 91.8 km..

1953 May 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1953 May 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Phase I state trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). Summary: Range achieved 270 km. First test launch of R-5..

1953 May 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Phase I state trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1954 May 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1955 May 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11FM.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1955 May 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11FM.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1955 May 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11FM.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1955 May 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5M.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1955 May 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5M.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1956 May 1 - .
  • X-2 Flight 8 - . Crew: Everest. Payload: X-2 # 1 flight 8. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Everest. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: X-2 . Summary: Fourth powered flight, mach 1.683 at 16,378 m..

1957 May 1 - .
  • Birth of Paul David Ronney - . Nation: USA. Summary: American engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1996-1997. Alternate Payload Specialist for STS-83 Mission MSL-1..

1957 May 1 - . LV Family: Vanguard. Launch Vehicle: Vanguard.
  • Vanguard suborbital test. - . Nation: USA. Program: Vanguard. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Vanguard 1. Summary: Vanguard Test Vehicle (TV-1), a modified Martin Viking first-stage and Vanguard solid-propellant third-stage Grand Central Rocket as second-stage, launched with instrumented nose cone to an altitude of 121 miles and met all test objectives..

1957 May 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Asp. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Plumbob test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Livermore. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1957 May 1 - . 06:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. LV Family: Viking. Launch Vehicle: Viking Type 9. LV Configuration: Viking Type 9 14/TV1.
  • Vanguard TV1 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi). Summary: Test of Vanguard third-stage separation and firing at altitude.Launched at 0129 local time..

1958 May 1 - .
  • Korolev OKB cancels suborbital manned flights - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Korolev; Ustinov. Program: Vostok. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft: Vostok. Decision to move directly to early manned flights in orbit. Korolev, after a review with engineers, determines that planned three stage versions of the R-7 ICBM could launch a manned orbital spacecraft. Korolev advocates pursuit of manned spaceflight at the expense of the military's Zenit reconnsat program, putting him in opposition to Ustinov.

1958 May 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island.
  • Second space balloon test. - . Nation: USA. Summary: Four-stage rocket launched a 9-pound inflatable sphere to 50-mile altitude at NACA Wallops Island..

1958 May 1 - . Launch Site: Holloman. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1959 May 1 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
  • Unmanned Lunar Soft Landing Vehicle - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Surveyor. Summary: The Army Ordnance Missile Command submitted to NASA a report entitled "Preliminary Study of an Unmanned Lunar Soft Landing Vehicle," recommending the use of the Saturn booster..

1959 May 1 - .
  • Goddard Space Flight Center established. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard; Goett. NASA's Administrator announced the naming of Goddard Space Flight Center under construction near Greenbelt, Md., in commemoration of Robert H. Goddard, American pioneer in rocket research. Dr. Harry J. Goett was appointed Director in September. STG was transferred to the authority of the newly formed Goddard Space Flight Center but remained based at Langley Field, Va.

1959 May 1 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Vehicle: Long Tom.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1959 May 1 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier ASROC Cajun. LV Configuration: Terrier ASROC Cajun Terasca. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1960 May 1 - .
  • American U-2 spy plane, piloted by Francis Gary Powers, shot down over Russia - . Nation: USSR.

1960 May 1 - . Launch Site: Black Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 45.0 N x 35.0 E. LV Family: R-21. Launch Vehicle: R-21. LV Configuration: R-21 K-1.1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1961 May 1 - . LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone MRLV.
  • Webb warns of Mercury failures. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Webb. Program: Mercury. NASA Administrator Webb issued a statement concerning the 2-year Mercury manned space flight program, which said, in part: "NASA has not attempted to encourage press coverage of the first Mercury-Redstone manned flight. It has responded to press and television requests, with the result that over 100 representatives of the press, radio, and TV are now at Cape Canaveral. . . . We must keep the perspective that each flight is but one of the many milestones we must pass. Some will completely succeed in every respect, some partially, and some will fail. From all of them will come mastery of the vast new space environment on which so much of our future depends."

1961 May 1 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2. LV Configuration: Polaris A2X-16.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1961 May 1 - . 12:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark-2 SL43.
  • Stellar ultraviolet Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1962 May 1 - . 13:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 201. LV Configuration: Black Knight-201 BK.15.
  • Gaslight Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 795 km (493 mi).

1963 May 1 - .
  • Rocketdyne gvien go ahead for Apollo LEM descent engine - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM; LM Descent Propulsion. Grumman reported that it had advised North American's Rocketdyne Division to go ahead with the lunar excursion module descent engine development program. Negotiations were complete and the contract was being prepared for MSC's review and approval. The go-ahead was formally issued on May 2.

1963 May 1 - . Launch Site: Al Kahir. Launch Vehicle: Al Kahir.
  • Meteorological test - . Nation: Egypt. Agency: EGAO. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1963 May 1 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-A1. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I V-4. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC.

1963 May 1 - . 16:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique AGI45.
  • Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1964 May 1 - .
  • The spacecraft computer formal qualification unit completed Predelivery Acceptance Tests (PDA) and was delivered to McDonnell. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 3. Spacecraft: Gemini; Gemini Inertial Guidance System. The flight unit for spacecraft No. 2 was delivered during the first week in May. Later in the month, a complete inrtial guidance system formal integration PDA was completed on spacecraft No. 2 (May 22). The spacecraft No. 3 flight unit completed PDA on June 6.

1965 May 1 - . 23:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C100 TERLS-23?.
  • ISRO 15.01 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1966 May 1 - . 05:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin CRL AD19.286.
  • B / p / e Aurora / fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 710 km (440 mi).

1966 May 1 - . 22:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.190GM.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1967 May 1 - .
  • DS-P1-Yu ASAT target accepted into military service. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Summary: Decree 'On adoption into armaments of the Raduga complex of DS-P1-Yu' was issued..

1967 May 1 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. LV Family: A-35. Launch Vehicle: A-350Zh. LV Configuration: A-350Zh 6TYa?.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968 May 1 - .
  • Death of John W Paup - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Paup. Summary: American North American engineer who managed their winning Apollo proposal and was the company's Apollo program manager 1961-1964. Replaced under NASA pressure, he died in 1968 before his spacecraft made it to the moon..

1968 May 1 - . 20:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL AH07.177.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 217 km (134 mi).

1968 May 1 - . 21:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thorad Agena D SLV-2G. LV Configuration: Thorad SLV-2G Agena D 511 / Agena D 1643.
  • KH-4B 1103 - . Payload: KH-4B s/n 1103 / OPS 1419. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; CIA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-4B. Decay Date: 1968-05-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 3228 . COSPAR: 1968-039B. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi). Perigee: 164 km (101 mi). Inclination: 83.1000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Summary: KH-4B. Out-of-focus imagery is present on both main camera records..
  • SRV 807 - . Payload: SRV 1103-1. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft: KH-4B. Decay Date: 1968-05-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 3232 . COSPAR: 1968-039C. Apogee: 199 km (123 mi). Perigee: 142 km (88 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 87.90 min.

1969 May 1 - .
  • Death of Richard S Perkin - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Perkin. Summary: American Manager. Richard S. Perkin was co-founder ad president of Perkin-Elmer Corp., 1937-1960, and then chairman of the board..

1969 May 1 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Sandhawk Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Sandhawk Tomahawk Sandia 152-128.
  • Dualhawk-9 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 528 km (328 mi).

1969 May 1 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA AHF-4-14.
  • Electron content Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 760 km (470 mi).

1969 May 1 - . 20:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IIIB NASA 12.15GT.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi).

1970 May 1 - .
1970 May 1 - . 15:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.327NA.
  • Noctilucent sampler Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1971 May 1 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle.
  • NASA budget constraints - . Nation: USA. Nixon's Office of Management of the Budget (OMB) tells NASA to expect no budget increases in the next five years (e.g. $ 3.2 billion per year, meaning no more than $1 billion per year could be spent on the shuttle). Since the peak funding to develop a two-stage-to-orbit shuttle as defined in Phase B studies would be $2 billion, this meant that development of a fully reusable shuttle would not be possible.

1971 May 1 - . 00:03 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 628. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon. LV Configuration: Poseidon C3E-70.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971 May 1 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.332GG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1971 May 1 - . 09:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170. LV Configuration: Aerobee 170 NASA 13.36UG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1971 May 1 - . 23:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 1. LV Configuration: Petrel P65K.
  • E field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1972 May 1 - . 08:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL A08.113-1.
  • Auroral B Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 231 km (143 mi).

1972 May 1 - . 08:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL A08.112-1.
  • Auroral B Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1973 May 1 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Vehicle: Temp-2S.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 May 1 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • N1 cancellation imminent - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Mishin; Ustinov; Keldysh. Program: Lunar L3. Spacecraft: LK; Soyuz 7K-LOK; MKBS; Mars 5NM; L3M-1972. Ustinov achieved a leadership consensus to kill the N1 by the beginning of May 1974. He achieved the agreement of the other Ministers on the Military-Industrial Commission, and finally Keldysh. Projects that were ongoing that were linked with the N1 included: the lunar base, MKBS space station, Mars robotic soil return spacecraft and manned expedition, a space radio telescope with a 100 m antenna, and multiple channel communications satellites. All of these died with the cancellation. If 8L had been successful, then after 1 or 2 further test launches, the N1-L3M could begin flying. That meant that the Soviet Union was within 3 to 4 years of establishing long-term lunar expeditions and a moon base. The Americans would have been leapfrogged. Instead, the leadership decided to develop a completely new heavy-lift launch vehicle, which never became operational before the Soviet Union collapsed.

1974 May 1 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F. LV Configuration: Atlas F 54F.
  • BMRS SFT-2 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,400 km (800 mi).

1975 May 1 - .
  • Death of Walter T Bonney at Minneapolis, Hennepin, MN. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bonney. Summary: American journalist. Worked for NACA from 1949. NASA Director of Public Relations, 1958-1960. Avco Director of Public Relations 1960-1971..

1975 May 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 60.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1976 May 1 - . LV Family: Energia; N1.
  • Plea for revival of N1 project - . Nation: USSR. Program: Lunar L3. Spacecraft: Buran. The workers on the project put together a letter to the 25th Party Congress, saying that N1 development should continue, and that N1 s/n's 8, 9, and 10 should be flown. The Party did not accept the letter. They had been assured by the leadership that the population of the city of Leninsk, the extensive facilities and housing built for the N1, would all be used for the MKTS Soviet shuttle. Iosifiyan considered the N1 fundamentally flawed, a project that was only approved due to Kremlin politics.

1977 May 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 20.0 N x 61.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1978 May 1 - . 03:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC10W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor DSV-2U. LV Configuration: Thor DSV-2U 143.
  • AMS 3 - . Payload: DMSP 5D S-3 / OPS 6182. Mass: 513 kg (1,130 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DMSP. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: DMSP Block 5D. USAF Sat Cat: 10820 . COSPAR: 1978-042A. Apogee: 799 km (496 mi). Perigee: 786 km (488 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 100.70 min. Summary: Defense Meteorological Satellite Program..

1979 May 1 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle.
  • First shuttle roll-out - . Nation: USA. Summary: Non-flight shuttle Enterprise, mated to External Tank number 2, and two inert solid rocket motors, is rolled out to LC39A for facility checks..

1980 May 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1981 May 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 76.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1982 May 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75MG.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1983 May 1 - .
  • Strategic Air Command transferred to Space Command resource management many military space systems. - . Nation: USA. Strategic Air Command transferred to Space Command resource management of the Defense Support Program (DSP), the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP), all missile warning and space surveillance radars and optical systems (PAVE PAWS, BMEWS, PARCS, Cobra Dane, AN/FPS-85, Baker Nunns, GEODSS, etc.), as well as Thule and Sondrestrom Air Bases in Greenland, Clear AFS in Alaska.

1983 May 1 - .
  • Death of John A Barclay - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barclay. Summary: American officer. Commander of the Army Ballistic Missile Agency from 1958.

1983 May 1 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-23. Launch Vehicle: RT-23U 15Zh60.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1984 May 1 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1985 May 1 - .
  • Death of Arthur B Bronwell - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bronwell. Summary: American electrical engineer, professor at Northwestern University, then president of the Worcester Polytechnic Institute from 1955-1962, then the dean of engineering at the University of Connecticut at Storrs..

1985 May 1 - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Vehicle: DF-21.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1986 May 1 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1987 May 1 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1988 May 1 - .
  • Death of Robert A Heinlein - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Heinlein. Summary: Leading American writer of technical science fiction, inspired many engineers that would later make space travel a reality. Major corporations, the military, and nuclear power were key aspects of the colonization of space in his stories..

1988 May 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 May 1 - .
  • Italian Space Agency Astronaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: Italy. Related Persons: Ongaro; Santonico; Taccino. Summary: Italian astronauts trained for flights to the Mir space station..

1990 May 1 - .
1990 May 1 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. Launch Vehicle: Nodong.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Korea North. Agency: CMIK. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1991 May 1 - . Launch Site: Qom. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1992 May 1 - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Vehicle: DF-21. FAILURE: Failure.
  • - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1993 May 1 - . 05:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-201.
  • TEXUS 30 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA. Apogee: 234 km (145 mi).

1998 May 1 - .
  • Discovery of Dar al Gani 476 (Mars Meteorite) - . Nation: Libya.

1999 May 1 - . LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-2F.
  • Manned Program Delayed - . Nation: China. Spacecraft: Shenzhou. Summary: Far eastern newspapers reported an accident at Jiuquan Launch Center late May 1999. It was said that a fuel depot exploded, resulting in casualties and delaying the first manned vehicle launch originally scheduled for October..

2001 May 1 - .
2001 May 1 - .
2002 May 1 - .
  • Gauchito drop test. - . Nation: Argentina. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: Gauchito. Summary: Pablo de León (Buenos Aires, Argentina) performs second capsule drop test from 96,000 feet..

2004 May 1 - .
  • Genesis, Earth Flyby, Successful - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Genesis.

2006 May 1 - .
  • Death of Bruce A Peterson - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Peterson, Bruce. Summary: American test pilot, 1960-1967. Flew M2 lifting body, assigned to management after injury in a landing accident..

2008 May 1 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 05/01/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kononenko, O D; Reisman; Volkov, Sergey. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16-3; ISS EO-17; STS-124. Russian holiday: Spring and Labor Day.

    Also: Labor Day in Europe.

    Upon wake-up, CDR Volkov terminated his first MBI-12 SONOKARD experiment session, started last night, by taking the recording device from his SONOKARD sports shirt pocket and later copying the measurements to the RSE-MED laptop for subsequent downlink to the ground. (SONOKARD objectives are stated to (1) study the feasibility of obtaining the maximum of data through computer processing of records obtained overnight, (2) systematically record the crewmember's physiological functions during sleep, (3) study the feasibility of obtaining real-time crew health data. Investigators believe that contactless acquisition of cardiorespiratory data over the night period could serve as a basis for developing efficient criteria for evaluating and predicting adaptive capability of human body in long-duration space flight.) Additional Details: ISS On-Orbit Status 05/01/08.


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