Encyclopedia Astronautica
May 18


May 18 Chronology


1908 May 18 - .
  • Birth of Nikolai Alekseyevich Pilyugin - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Russian chief designer. Chief Designer 1948-1982 of Nll-885 and NII AP. Specialised in missile and spaceship guidance..

1930 May 18 - .
  • Birth of Dr Don Leslie Lind - . Nation: USA. Summary: American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-B. Longest wait for an American for a spaceflight after becoming an astronaut (19 years)..

1944 May 18 - . Launch Site: Heidelager. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 17683. FAILURE: Failure.
  • V-2 B07 G1 - . Nation: Germany. Summary: Failed - accuracy was 0.3 km to the right of the planned trajectory..

1950 May 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • E2 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1954 May 18 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 1455T.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 May 18 - . 05:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC26B. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter. LV Configuration: Jupiter IRBM AM-5.
  • Gaslight Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF; NASA Huntsville. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). AM-5, carrying America's first tactical type re-entry nose cone, was fired from AMR at 0005 hours EST. This was also the first flight test. for first and second stage separation. Impact was 28.3 nm under and 15.6 nm to the right at a range of about 1,275 nm after approximately 960 seconds of flight. In less than five hours, the nose cone was recovered - the world's first recovery of an IRBM nose cone.

1959 May 18 - . 23:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris AX. LV Configuration: Polaris AX-7. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1960 May 18 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25B. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-30.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1961 May 18 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC6. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone. LV Configuration: Redstone 2042.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Summary: Successful missile test. Missed aimpoint by 304 m..

1961 May 18 - . 06:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1. LV Configuration: Trailblazer 1 TB Ih.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1962 May 18 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC32B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1A 414.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1962 May 18 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C10.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 May 18 - . 18:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.91UA.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1963 May 18 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC60/7. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1963 May 18 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC60/8. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1963 May 18 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC60/6. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1963 May 18 - . 01:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA14.141DA AC5.469.
  • Firefly IV SARAH Aeronomy sodium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1963 May 18 - . 08:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AC6.473.
  • Firefly IV DORIS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1963 May 18 - . 10:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA14.140DA AC5.471.
  • Firefly IV BLANCHE Aeronomy sodium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1963 May 18 - . 22:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena D SLV-2A/D. LV Configuration: Thor SLV-2A Agena D 364 / Agena D 1165.
  • KH-6 8002 - . Payload: KH-6 s/n 8002 / Agena D 1165. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; CIA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-6. Decay Date: 1963-05-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 578 . COSPAR: 1963-016A. Apogee: 506 km (314 mi). Perigee: 147 km (91 mi). Inclination: 74.5000 deg. Period: 91.00 min. Summary: KH-6. Second launch of KH-6. Operation was successful but no film was used. Officially: Spacecraft Engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..

1964 May 18 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1B 997.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1964 May 18 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-46.
  • Ballistic HRT Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1964 May 18 - . 06:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache AE5.479.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1964 May 18 - . 06:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • REDLAMP TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1964 May 18 - . 09:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. LV Configuration: Voskhod 11A57 G15000-12.
  • Cosmos 30 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1964-05-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 797 . COSPAR: 1964-023A. Apogee: 366 km (227 mi). Perigee: 206 km (128 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.

1964 May 18 - . 18:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • REDLAMP SF6 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1965 May 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: VE. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111L. LV Configuration: Topaze VE111L LG1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 May 18 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF07. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1B 1115.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 May 18 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC140/18. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • Kura state trials missile launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 870 km (540 mi).

1965 May 18 - . 17:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.9 N x 117.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-38-66.
  • X-15A-2 Stab, landing, ST test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 31 km (19 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5697 kph. Maximum Altitude - 31120 m..

1965 May 18 - . 18:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena D SLV-2A/D. LV Configuration: Thor SLV-2A Agena D 438 / Agena D SS-01B 1615.
  • KH-4A 1021 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1021 / Agena D 1615 / OPS 8431. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; CIA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1965-06-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 1374 . COSPAR: 1965-037A. Apogee: 399 km (247 mi). Perigee: 321 km (199 mi). Inclination: 75.0000 deg. Period: 91.70 min. Summary: KH-4A. Aft camera ceased operation on pass 102..

1966 May 18 - .
  • Communist Party Administrative Section reviews space program - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Smirnov. Program: Voskhod. Kamanin reports the sad state of affairs. There is no Soviet state organ tasked with systematic management of the space program (the VPK and Smirnov only handle this as one of many tasks): within the Ministry of Defence there is no single organ that promotes and guides military space interests (TsUKOS under Karas only works to order, and does not formulate plans or policy); there is no one at the Academy of Sciences, in industry , or the Ministry of Defence charged with managing manned spaceflight (only 4% - 8 of 200 launches by the Soviet Union - have been on manned missions); in the last six years no new manned spacecraft has been flown (Voskhod being merely a modification of Vostok); the new Soyuz spacecraft is 3 to 4 years behind schedule due to the insistence it be capable of fully automatic docking in space; no adequate trainers for manned spacecraft have ever been delivered.

1966 May 18 - . 04:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.171UG.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1966 May 18 - . 18:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.9 N x 117.1 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-44-79.
  • X-15A-2 V-On Stab test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5936 kph. Maximum Altitude - 30170 m..

1967 May 18 - . 06:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-12 Sandia 152-56.
  • LRL BOX-10 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1967 May 18 - . 09:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout A. LV Configuration: Scout A S156C.
  • Transit O-13 - . Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 2807 . COSPAR: 1967-048A. Apogee: 1,088 km (676 mi). Perigee: 1,059 km (658 mi). Inclination: 89.6000 deg. Period: 106.70 min. Summary: Operational life over 20 years..

1968 May 18 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun Sandia 154-111.
  • Falling sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1968 May 18 - . 01:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk Sandia 152-112.
  • Ion gages Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1968 May 18 - . 08:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thorad Agena D SLV-2G. LV Configuration: Thorad SLV-2G Agena D 520 (TA9) / Agena D 6221. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Nimbus B - . Mass: 570 kg (1,250 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Nimbus. Decay Date: 1968-05-18 . COSPAR: F680518A. Summary: Launched with Secor 10..
  • EGRS 10 - . Payload: Secor 10. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft: Secor. COSPAR: F680518B.

1968 May 18 - . 18:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 10.0 N x 20.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1969 May 18 - .
1969 May 18 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein Meck. Launch Vehicle: Spartan. LV Configuration: Spartan ABM 800009.
  • KT-8 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1969 May 18 - . 16:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V. LV Configuration: Saturn V SA-505.
  • Apollo 10 - . Call Sign: Charlie Brown. Crew: Cernan; Stafford; Young. Backup Crew: Cooper; Eisele; Mitchell. Payload: Apollo CSM 106 / Apollo LM 4 / Saturn S-IVB-505N. Mass: 28,870 kg (63,640 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Cernan; Stafford; Young; Cooper; Eisele; Mitchell. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar spacecraft. Flight: Apollo 10. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1969-05-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 3941 . COSPAR: 1969-043A. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi). Perigee: 185 km (114 mi). Inclination: 32.5000 deg. Period: 88.19 min. Final dress rehearsal in lunar orbit for landing on moon. LM separated and descended to 10 km from surface of moon but did not land. Apollo 10 (AS-505) - with crew members Thomas P. Stafford, Eugene A. Cernan, and John W. Young aboard - lifted off from Pad B, Launch Complex 39, KSC, at 12:49 p.m. EDT on the first lunar orbital mission with complete spacecraft. The Saturn V's S-IVB stage and the spacecraft were inserted into an earth parking orbit of 189.9 by 184.4 kilometers while the onboard systems were checked. The S-IVB engine was then ignited at 3:19 p.m. EDT to place the spacecraft in a trajectory toward the moon. One-half hour later the CSM separated from the S-IVB, transposed, and docked with the lunar module. At 4:29 p.m. the docked spacecraft were ejected, a separation maneuver was performed, and the S-IVB was placed in a solar orbit by venting residual propellants. TV coverage of docking procedures was transmitted to the Goldstone, Calif., tracking station for worldwide, commercial viewing.

    On May 19 the crew elected not to make the first of a series of midcourse maneuvers. A second preplanned midcourse correction that adjusted the trajectory to coincide with a July lunar landing trajectory was executed at 3:19 p.m. The maneuver was so accurate that preplanned third and fourth midcourse corrections were canceled. During the translunar coast, five color TV transmissions totaling 72 minutes were made of the spacecraft and the earth.

    At 4:49 p.m. EDT on May 21 the spacecraft was inserted into a lunar orbit of 110.4 by 315.5 kilometers. After two revolutions of tracking and ground updates, a maneuver circularized the orbit at 109.1 by 113.9 kilometers. Astronaut Cernan then entered the LM, checked all systems, and returned to the CM for the scheduled sleep period.

    On May 22 activation of the lunar module systems began at 11:49 a.m. EDT. At 2:04 p.m. the spacecraft were undocked and at 4:34 p.m. the LM was inserted into a descent orbit. One hour later the LM made a low-level pass at an altitude of 15.4 kilometers over the planned site for the first lunar landing. The test included a test of the landing radar, visual observation of lunar lighting, stereo photography of the moon, and execution of a phasing maneuver using the descent engine. The lunar module returned to dock successfully with the CSM following the eight-hour separation, and the LM crew returned to the CSM.

    The LM ascent stage was jettisoned, its batteries were burned to depletion, and it was placed in a solar orbit on May 23. The crew then prepared for the return trip to earth and after 61.5 hours in lunar orbit a service propulsion system TEI burn injected the CSM into a trajectory toward the earth. During the return trip the astronauts made star-lunar landmark sightings, star-earth horizon navigation sightings, and live television transmissions.

  • Apollo 10 LM - . Call Sign: Snoopy. Payload: Apollo LM 4. Mass: 13,941 kg (30,734 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar spacecraft. Flight: Apollo 10. Spacecraft: Apollo LM. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1969-05-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 3941 . COSPAR: 1969-043x. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi). Perigee: 185 km (114 mi). Inclination: 32.5000 deg. Period: 88.19 min.

1970 May 18 - .
  • VPK reviews Soyuz 9 readiness. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Serbin; Mishin. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 9. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK. Launch is set for 31 May with an 18 day mission duration. Afterwards Serbin asks why the Soviet Union is not conducting more manned spaceflights. Kamanin tells him, because no more spacecraft have been built. And why no spacecraft, Serbin asks. Kamanin replies that GUKOS, the General Staff, and Mishin were all opposed to production of 10 additional Soyuz ships for military flights.

1970 May 18 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC110L. LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • N1 erected on launch pad 110 west. - . Nation: USSR. Program: Lunar L3. Summary: US reconnsat detects N1 being installed on the pad. It remained there, without payload, at least through 4 June..

1971 May 18 - . 00:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL A07.913-5.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1971 May 18 - . 01:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL A07.917-5.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1971 May 18 - . 01:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL A07.918-2.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 May 18 - . 02:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL A07.921-1.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1971 May 18 - . 02:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL A07.015-4.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1971 May 18 - . 02:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL A08.919-2.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1971 May 18 - . 03:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL A07.918-4.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1971 May 18 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 420 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4M. Duration: 11.00 days. Decay Date: 1971-05-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 5230 . COSPAR: 1971-043A. Apogee: 257 km (159 mi). Perigee: 199 km (123 mi). Inclination: 51.8000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1971 May 18 - . 08:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Vehicle: Cockatoo. LV Configuration: Cockatoo 112.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1971 May 18 - . 10:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL A07.917-6.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1972 May 18 - . 08:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Vehicle: Cockatoo. LV Configuration: Cockatoo 1030.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1973 May 18 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 559 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 5.00 days. Decay Date: 1973-05-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 6647 . COSPAR: 1973-030A. Apogee: 325 km (201 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 65.4000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Summary: First flight of Soyuz U launch vehicle. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1973 May 18 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC NASA 21.19US-GT.
  • Test / aeronomy / solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 267 km (165 mi).

1974 May 18 - . 06:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1976 May 18 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 818 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 78. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1977-01-05 . Decay Date: 1977-03-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 8851 . COSPAR: 1976-044A. Apogee: 481 km (298 mi). Perigee: 271 km (168 mi). Inclination: 71.1000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Summary: Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1976 May 18 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 GL A03.410-1.
  • Solar XUV / UV Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1977 May 18 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • ABRES TDV-1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1977 May 18 - . 08:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapani Tonneo. Launch Vehicle: Otrag. LV Configuration: OTRAG 1 4x9m.
  • Otrag Flight 1 - . Nation: Germany. Agency: OTRAG. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi). Summary: Four-module test vehicle, 6 m long. Propulsion test. Reached 20 km altitude. 100% successful..

1977 May 18 - . 13:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein RN. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Hydac. LV Configuration: Nike Hydac GL A11.712-1.
  • ABRES Density / TDV-1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1978 May 18 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1979 May 18 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1980 May 18 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. Launch Pad: LA2B?. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: DF-5.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 May 18 - . 11:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1270 - . Payload: Yantar-2K s/n 980. Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-2K. Duration: 30.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-06-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 12461 . COSPAR: 1981-045A. Apogee: 345 km (214 mi). Perigee: 171 km (106 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1982 May 18 - . 17:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde. LV Configuration: AN/DMQ-9.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1983 May 18 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1984 May 18 - . 17:52 GMT - .
1987 May 18 - . 11:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: VOKV. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1988 May 18 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1944 - . Payload: Yantar-1KFT no. 9. Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Cartographic satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-1KFT. Duration: 36.00 days. Decay Date: 1988-06-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 19123 . COSPAR: 1988-041A. Apogee: 288 km (178 mi). Perigee: 196 km (121 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Summary: Military topographic / cartographic satellite..

1989 May 18 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: VLS. Launch Vehicle: VLS-R1. LV Configuration: VLS-R1 VLS-R2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1991 May 18 - . 12:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U2.
  • Soyuz TM-12 - . Call Sign: Ozon (Ozone ). Crew: Artsebarsky; Krikalyov; Sharman. Backup Crew: Kaleri; Mace; Volkov, Aleksandr. Payload: Soyuz TM 11F732 s/n 62. Mass: 7,150 kg (15,760 lb). Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Artsebarsky; Krikalyov; Sharman; Kaleri; Mace; Volkov, Aleksandr. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Mir EO-9; Mir LD-3; Mir Juno; Mir EO-8. Spacecraft: Soyuz TM. Duration: 144.64 days. Decay Date: 1991-10-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 21311 . COSPAR: 1991-034A. Apogee: 397 km (246 mi). Perigee: 389 km (241 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.40 min. Docked with Mir. Mir Expedition EO-09. Carried Anatoli Artsebarski, Sergei Krikalev, Helen Sharman to Mir; returned Artsebarski, crew of Soyuz TM 8 to Earth. Second commercial flight with paying British passenger. Sponsoring British consortium was not quite able to come up with money, however. Flight continued at Soviet expense with very limited UK experiments.

1995 May 18 - .
  • Mir News 256: Intercalated Spacewalk (EVA) - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Mir EO-18. During their 2d EVA on 17.05.1995 the cosmonauts were not able to accomplish their task due to a threatening lack of oxygen. This EVA was the 2d one in a series of 4. There was a possibility to use 2 so called 'contingency-EVA's'. The first of these contingency EVA's will take place on 22.05.1995. The time of the opening of the hatch and the duration are still unknown. This EVA -so now to be counted as the 3d one- will be made to complete the transfer of a solar battery from Kristall to Kvant-1 (37KE). The cosmonauts will have to install, deploy and activate that solar panel. To fill up the gap in the energy supply the solar panels of the freighter Progress-M27 are now also delivering energy to the Mir-complex. Thus far is not known when the EVA on schedule for 24.05.1995 will be made.

    Launch of Spektr:

    The Spektr technological module will be launched by a Proton carrier from Baykonur on 20.05.1995 at 0330 UTC.

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202.


1996 May 18 - . 14:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: DC-X. Launch Vehicle: DC-XA.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Huntsville. Apogee: 0 km ( mi). Summary: First flight of the DC-XA; aeroshell caught fire during slow landing. Reached altitude of 244 m during a 62 second flight..

1999 May 18 - . 05:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Arguello WADZ. Launch Pad: 36.0 N x 123.0 W. Launch Platform: L-1011. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: Pegasus XL/HAPS. LV Configuration: Pegasus XL/HAPS F27.
  • TERRIERS - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Manufacturer: AeroAstro. Class: Technology. Type: Military technology satellite. Spacecraft: TERRIERS. USAF Sat Cat: 25735 . COSPAR: 1999-026A. Apogee: 493 km (306 mi). Perigee: 484 km (300 mi). Inclination: 97.1000 deg. Period: 94.40 min. TERRIERS was part of NASA's Student Explorer Demonstration Initiative (STEDI), which was a precursor program to the UNEX (University Explorer) series. STEDI was managed by USRA (the Universities Space Research Association) for NASA, while UNEX was to be more directly managed by NASA-GSFC. TERRIERS was to be operated by the space physics group at Boston University for ionosphere studies, and carried TESS, a set of extreme ultraviolet (EUV) spectrographs to get electron density and thermosphere emission profiles. The GISSMO instrument measured the solar EUV flux. The spacecraft was built by AeroAstro and based on HETE. TERRIERS was placed in the correct orbit, but it failed to orient its solar panel to the Sun and ran out of battery power by May 20. Controllers were optimistic that when its orbit processes to a better sun angle the satellite could be revived. Additional Details: TERRIERS.
  • MUBLCOM - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Manufacturer: Germantown. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Microstar. USAF Sat Cat: 25736 . COSPAR: 1999-026B. Apogee: 745 km (462 mi). Perigee: 738 km (458 mi). Inclination: 97.7000 deg. Period: 99.70 min. After deploying the TERRIERS satellite, the conical Payload Adapter Fitting (1998-26E) was jettisoned at 05:21 GMT, leaving the disk-shaped MUBLCOM satellite attached to the Pegasus XL PRIMEX HAPS-Lite stage. The second HAPS burn at 05:22 GMT raised apogee to 775 km, followed by a third, apogee burn at 06:10 GMT which circularised the orbit. MUBLCOM was deployed to a 769 km x 776 km x 97.7 degree orbit. The final HAPS burn then placed the depleted HAPS stage in a lower 388 km x 722 km x 97.1 degree disposal orbit. MUBLCOM (Multiple beam Beyond Line-of-sight Communications) was an experimental satellite funded by DARPA and managed by the US Army's Communications-Electronics Command (CECOM) at Ft Monmouth, New Jersey. It was built by Orbital Sciences using the Microstar (Orbcomm type) bus and carries a payload testing hand-held radio satellite communications for the armed forces.

    Six years later MUBLCOM was the target for the DART Autonomous Rendezvous Technology mission. On April 16, 2005, DART closed within 100 m of MUBLCOM satellite, then evidently began a series of out-of-control maneuvers resulting in an in-space collission and MUBLCOM being bumped into a 3 to 5 km higher orbit. DART was deorbited while MUBLCOM, still functioned, continued on in space.


2001 May 18 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. Launch Pad: SLC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925-9.5. LV Configuration: Delta 7925-9.5 D285.
  • USA 158 - . Payload: GeoLITE. Mass: 93 kg (205 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO. Manufacturer: TRW. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: GeoLITE. USAF Sat Cat: 26770 . COSPAR: 2001-020A. Apogee: 35,700 km (22,100 mi). Perigee: 179 km (111 mi). Inclination: 19.5000 deg. Period: 629.01 min. Military Communications Technology flight. Launch delayed from March 1, April 25, May 2 and 17. GeoLITE, US National Reconnaissance Office spacecraft was into placed by the Delta launch vehicle into a geostationary transfer orbit. GeoLITE was a TRW T-310 class satellite with a mass of about 1800 kg, including a solid apogee motor. The satellite carried an experimental laser communications payload and an operational UHF data relay payload.

2004 May 18 - .
  • Death of Arnold O Beckman - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Beckman. Summary: American engineer, inventor and manufacturer of various analytical instruments..

2004 May 18 - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. Launch Vehicle: Coyote.
  • GQM-163A Test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

2007 May 18 - .
2008 May 18 - .
2009 May 18 - .
  • EVA STS-125-5 - . Crew: Grunsfeld; Feustel. EVA Type: Extravehicular activity. EVA Duration: 0.29 days. Nation: USA. Program: Hubble. Flight: STS-125. Summary: The twenty third and final spacewalk to service Hubble and last planned EVA from the Shuttle airlock replaced the final battery module, installed Fine Guidance Sensor No. 3, removed degraded insulation panels from bays 8, 5 and 7, and installed three New .

2009 May 18 - . 23:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA0B. LV Family: Minotaur. Launch Vehicle: Minotaur 1.
  • Aerocube 3 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2011-08-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 35005 . COSPAR: 2009-028E. Apogee: 464 km (288 mi). Perigee: 427 km (265 mi). Inclination: 40.5000 deg. Period: 93.50 min. Summary: 10-cm cubesat for Aerospace Corporation..

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