Encyclopedia Astronautica
May 22


May 22 Chronology


1944 May 22 - . Launch Site: Heidelager. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 17750. FAILURE: Airburst.
  • V-2 B13 G1 - . Nation: Germany. Summary: Airburst 8 km to the left of the planned trajectory..

1946 May 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wac. Launch Vehicle: WAC. LV Configuration: WAC A.
  • Ordnance WAC Flight 2 - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). Summary: First American rocket to escape earth's atmosphere, the JPL-Ordnance Wac, reached 80 km altitude after launch from WSPG. First fully successful production WAC flight..

1947 May 22 - . Launch Vehicle: G-1.
  • Groettrup G-1 design ordered - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Korolev; Glushko; Groettrup. The G-1 was Groettrup's first design after the German engineering team had been moved to Russia. The first group of 234 specialists was given the task of designing a 600 km range rocket (the G-1/R-10). Work had begun on this already in Germany but the initial challenge in Russia was that the technical documentation was somehow still 'in transit' from the Zentralwerke. The other obstacle was Russian manufacturing technology, which was equivalent to that of Germany at the beginning of the 1930's. The Germans worked at two locations, NII-88 (Korolev OKB) and Gorodmlya Island to complete the design of the G-1. Other groups of Germans worked at Factory 88 (R-1 production) and Factory 456 (Glushko OKB / engine production).

1947 May 22 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 35 - . Crew: Johnston, Alvin. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 17. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Johnston, Alvin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Summary: Bell flight 17. Pilot familiarization flight. Mach 0.72, 8 g pullout..

1947 May 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal E. LV Configuration: Corporal E 1 31D.
  • 31D - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 39 km (24 mi). Summary: The missile attained a range of 100 km and accepted guidance corrections..

1952 May 22 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. LV Configuration: Veronique N3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1953 May 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal. LV Configuration: Corporal 1210R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1954 May 22 - .
1956 May 22 - .
  • X-2 Flight 10 - . Crew: Everest. Payload: X-2 # 1 flight 10. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Everest. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: X-2 . Summary: Sixth powered flight, mach 2.53 at 17.803 m..

1957 May 22 - .
  • X-1B Flight 17 - . Crew: McKay. Payload: X-1B flight 17. Nation: USA. Related Persons: McKay. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: X-1B. Summary: NACA flight 7. Control pulses at mach 1.45 at 18300 m. Flight for instrumentation check..

1957 May 22 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor DM-18. LV Configuration: Thor DM-18 103.
  • Research and development Series I (padex) test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1958 May 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar VLAD. Launch Vehicle: Burya. LV Configuration: Burya 2-01.
  • Burya flight 5 - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi). As in previous flight, cruise stage 30% below design weight, and propellant tanks mainly filled with water. The flight continued to T+120 seconds. The boosters worked normally and shut off at T+90.5 seconds, with the vehicle at 17.3 km altitude and flying at Mach 2.95-2.97. Simultaneously the ramjets of the cruise stage ignited. Stage separation was normal and the aerodynamic sensors and diffuser worked normally.

1958 May 22 - . 00:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Hi Ball 2 Balloon test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Cleveland. Apogee: 240 km (140 mi).

1958 May 22 - . 11:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Release 4 (Na) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1959 May 22 - .
  • Vostok / Zenit-3 decree issued. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Vostok; Zenit-2; Zenit-4; Zenit. Due to a bitter fight with the military over the nature and priority of the manned spacecraft and photo-reconnaissance space programs, the final decree for the Vostok manned spacecraft was delayed until seven months after drawing release began. This authorised production of a single design that could be used either as a manned spacecraft or as a military reconnaissance satellite. These were the Zenit-2 and Zenit-4 spacecraft based on the Vostok design. This marked the end of the original Zenit configuration.

1959 May 22 - .
  • The Project Mercury balloon flight test program was canceled. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury; Mercury Parachute. The Space Task Group oficials determined that the spacecraft could be tested environmentally in the Lewis Research Center's altitude wind tunnel. This included correct temperature and altitude simulations to 80,000 feet. The pilot could exercise the attitude control system and retrorockets could be fired in the tunnel. Because an active contract did exist with the Air Force, it was decided the two balloon drop tests with unmanned boiler-plate spacecraft would be accomplished.

1959 May 22 - .
  • Production of Vostok and Zenit-2 authorised. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Vostok; Zenit-2; Zenit-4; Zenit. Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 569-264 'On work on a reconnaissance satellite and piloted spaceship' was issued. Due to a bitter fight with the military over the nature and priority of the manned spacecraft and photo-reconnaissance space programs, the final decree for the Vostok manned spacecraft was delayed until seven months after drawing release began. This authorised production of a single design that could be used either as a manned spacecraft or as a military reconnaissance satellite. These were the Zenit-2 and Zenit-4 spacecraft based on the Vostok design. This marked the end of the original Zenit configuration. The military had to develop the recovery forces and techniques for both spacecraft, including appropriate aircraft, helicopters, and handling equipment. At that time it was felt that there was a 60% chance on each launch of an abort requiring rescue operations for the cosmonaut.

1961 May 22 - .
  • Second draft of the Apollo spacecraft specification - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Source Selection. Summary: The second draft of a Statement of Work for the development of an advanced manned spacecraft was completed, incorporating results from NASA in-house and contractor feasibility studies..

1962 May 22 - . 18:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: 36.1 N x 116.0 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-28-49.
  • X-15A Local flow test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5551 kph. Maximum Altitude - 30600 m. Roller coaster flight with three peaks for local airflow investigation..

1963 May 22 - .
  • Kennedy leaves decision to NASA for Mercury MA-10 flight - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kennedy. Program: Mercury. Flight: Mercury MA-10. Summary: President Kennedy at a regular press conference responded to a question regarding the desirability of another Mercury flight by saying that NASA should and would make that final judgement..

1963 May 22 - .
  • Vostok 5 ready for launch on 10 June. - . Nation: USSR. Flight: Vostok 5. Spacecraft: Vostok. Summary: It is reported that the spacecraft will be ready for launch on 5 June and the launch vehicle on 10 June. .

1963 May 22 - . 01:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.130DA.
  • Firefly IV IRENE Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1963 May 22 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 17 - . Payload: DS-A1 s/n 2. Mass: 322 kg (709 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-A1. Completed Operations Date: 1963-05-30 . Decay Date: 1965-06-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 580 . COSPAR: 1963-017A. Apogee: 658 km (408 mi). Perigee: 251 km (155 mi). Inclination: 48.9000 deg. Period: 93.70 min. Carried military experiments to test communications and navigation equipment needed for command and control of Soviet nuclear forces (later used on the Uragan navigation satellites). Also conducted operational monitoring of cosmic rays, radiation from nuclear tests, and natural and artifically-produced radiation belts.

1963 May 22 - . 04:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-3. LV Configuration: Scout X-3 S116.
  • RFD-1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1963 May 22 - . 05:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.13CA.
  • Sodium-Lithium release trail Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1963 May 22 - . 08:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.14CA.
  • Sodium-Lithium release trail Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1964 May 22 - .
  • Kosmoplan and Raketoplan canceled, except for LK-1 manned circumlunar spacecraft. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Kosmoplan; Raketoplan; LK-1. Summary: Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On termination of work on the Kosmoplan and Raketoplan at OKB-52 and approval for the LK-1' was issued..

1965 May 22 - . 02:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.47UA.
  • UM Pitot 16 / FIRE cal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1965 May 22 - . 06:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/3. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Military training launch to Kamchatka - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 920 km (570 mi).

1965 May 22 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.48UA.
  • UM Pitot 17 / FIRE cal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1965 May 22 - . 21:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 264D.
  • FIRE 2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 817 km (507 mi). Suborbital reentry heating experiment using the FIRE subscale Apollo capsule. An Atlas D booster propelled the instrumented probe, called a "flying thermometer," into a ballistic trajectory over 805 km (500 mi) high. After 26 minutes of flight, when the spacecraft began its descent, a solid-fueled Antares rocket accelerated its fall.

    The probe entered the atmosphere at a speed of 40,877 km (25,400 mph) and generated temperatures of about 11,206K (20,000 degrees F). Data on heating were transmitted to ground stations throughout the descent. Thirty-two minutes after the launch - and but six minutes after the Antares was fired - the device impacted in the Atlantic about 8,256 km (5,130 mi) southeast of the Cape.


1967 May 22 - .
  • LII Soyuz parachute recommendations impractical. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Mishin. Program: Soyuz; Lunar L1. Flight: Soyuz 1. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK; Soyuz 7K-L1. The conclusions of the LII study are found to be sound, but it would take months or even years to implement such an extensive spacecraft redesign. Mishin is still under orders to fly a manned mission around the moon by the 50th Anniversary of the Russian Revolution in October.

1967 May 22 - .
  • Academy of Sciences Cosmonaut Training Group 1 selected. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Fatkullin; Gulyayev, Rudolf; Kolomiytsev; Yershov. Summary: The group was selected to provide scientists for planned Soviet lunar landing missions..

1967 May 22 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1B 1188.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1967 May 22 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 S11/1.
  • ESRO S11 / 1 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1967 May 22 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 161 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1967-05-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 2812 . COSPAR: 1967-049A. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi). Perigee: 201 km (124 mi). Inclination: 65.6000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.

1967 May 22 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena D SLV-3. LV Configuration: SLV-3 Agena D 7127 / Agena D 7127.
  • KH 7-37 - . Payload: KH-7 no. 37 / OPS 4321. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-7. Decay Date: 1967-05-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 2813 . COSPAR: 1967-050A. Apogee: 293 km (182 mi). Perigee: 135 km (83 mi). Inclination: 91.5000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. Summary: KH-7 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • OPS 5557/Agena D - . Payload: LOGACS / OPS 5557. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: SSF. Decay Date: 1967-05-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 2816 . COSPAR: 1967-050B. Apogee: 240 km (140 mi). Perigee: 148 km (91 mi). Inclination: 91.5000 deg. Period: 88.40 min. Summary: Not identified as a subsatellite ferret by McDowell..

1968 May 22 - .
  • Mishin pushes for '1+2' Soyuz mission - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Titov; Mishin; Khrunov. Program: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK. Titov is to tour. He will spend the next two days in Semipalatinsk, then go to Italy in the first week of June. He has been offered command of the second unit at TsPK, but says he doesn't want to be an administrator. He would rather pursue a career as a test pilot, at either OKB MiG or GNIKI VVS. Mishin is now pushing for a 1+2 Soyuz mission in August on safety grounds. He is also still pushing Khrunov as a spacecraft commander, even though Khrunov has no training in manual docking and it would take at least two months to train and qualify him.

1968 May 22 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein Meck. Launch Vehicle: Spartan. LV Configuration: Spartan ABM 800004.
  • KT-2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968 May 22 - . 00:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 10.0 N x 20.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1968 May 22 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1B 1359.
  • ST Olympic T. B-3 operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1968 May 22 - . 16:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-31. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ESRO D30 / 2 Ionosphere / solar x-rays mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1969 May 22 - .
  • Apollo 10 LM descends to within 15.4 km of the lunar surface - . Nation: USA. Flight: Apollo 10. On May 22 activation of the lunar module systems began at 11:49 a.m. EDT. At 2:04 p.m. the spacecraft were undocked and at 4:34 p.m. the LM was inserted into a descent orbit. One hour later the LM made a low-level pass at an altitude of 15.4 kilometers over the planned site for the first lunar landing. The test included a test of the landing radar, visual observation of lunar lighting, stereo photography of the moon, and execution of a phasing maneuver using the descent engine. An error in switch postion brought a heart-stopping moment when the LM ascent stage went into wild gyrations after separation from the descent stage - possible a fatal error if it had occurred during take off from the surface on a landing mission. The ascent stage returned to dock successfully with the CSM following the eight-hour separation, and the LM crew returned to the CSM. Additional Details: Apollo 10 LM descends to within 15.4 km of the lunar surface.

1969 May 22 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC162/36. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 May 22 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta M. LV Configuration: Thor Delta M 533/D68.
  • Intelsat 3 F-4 - . Mass: 293 kg (645 lb). Nation: International. Agency: INTELSAT. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Intelsat 3. Completed Operations Date: 1977-05-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 3947 . COSPAR: 1969-045A. Apogee: 39,752 km (24,700 mi). Perigee: 39,486 km (24,535 mi). Inclination: 6.1000 deg. Period: 1,636.30 min. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Pacific Ocean at 175 deg E in 1969-1972; ? 1972-1977; over the Pacific Ocean 166 deg W in 1977. Last known longitude (20 May 1977) 161.73 deg E drifting at 44.175 deg W per day.Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C).

1969 May 22 - . 05:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL AH07.687.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1969 May 22 - . 07:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL AH08.669.
  • Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1969 May 22 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL AH08.919-1.
  • NO / Photometers Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1969 May 22 - . 15:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL A07.918-1.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1970 May 22 - .
  • Delays in Soyuz 9 preparation. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Mishin. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 9. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK. The diet for the long-duration flight is reviewed. The cosmonauts will have four meals a day, totalling 2800 kcal, with 105 g of protein, 102 g fat, 342 g carbohydrates, and 847 g water. Meanwhile problems have been found with Soyuz 9's electrical system - the launch will have to be delayed. Some points in the electrical harnesses, which should have a 38 V capacity, are measuring greater than 60 V. This will have to be fixed, then the spacecraft put through its vacuum chamber test, then fuelling, and finally integration with the booster. Mishin is still not at the cosmodrome - he is managing the launch from Moscow. The result: neither the spacecraft or the booster are ready for an April launch, perhaps not even by the end of May. Of 20 members of the State Commission, only Kamanin and two others are actually at the launch site. This never would have happened in Korolev's time...

1970 May 22 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 625. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3E.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 May 22 - . 11:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL A07.901-5.
  • Release Aeronomy / Barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1970 May 22 - . 12:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63. FAILURE: First stage failed 112 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • DS-P1-Yu s/n 36 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. COSPAR: F700522A. Summary: Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1971 May 22 - .
  • Kamanin's position in jeopardy. - . Nation: USSR. Program: Salyut. Flight: Soyuz 11. Summary: The weather dawns at Tyuratam 22 deg C, and has already risen to 30 deg C by 09:30. Kamanin flies back to Moscow, where the weather is rain, and he learns of new moves to try to put him aside..

1971 May 22 - . 00:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53727-120.
  • Cosmos 422 - . Mass: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Tsiklon. USAF Sat Cat: 5238 . COSPAR: 1971-046A. Apogee: 1,005 km (624 mi). Perigee: 982 km (610 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Summary: Military navigation satellite..

1972 May 22 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk LEINAX II.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1973 May 22 - .
  • A Skylab 1 Board of Investigation was established to investigate the anomalies that occurred during the launch and Earth orbit of SL-1. - . Nation: USA. Program: Skylab. Summary: Bruce T. Lundin (Lewis Research Center) was named chairman of the Board..

1974 May 22 - .
  • NPO Energia founded. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Decree 'On formation of NPO Energia' was issued..

1975 May 22 - .
  • X-24 Flight 51 - . Crew: Manke. Payload: X-24B flight 23. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Manke. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: X-24B. Summary: Max. altitude. Maximum Speed - 1744 kph. Maximum Altitude - 22370 m. Flight Time - 461 sec..

1975 May 22 - . 22:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur SLV-3D. LV Configuration: SLV-3D Centaur AC-35 / Centaur D-1AR 5018D.
  • Intelsat 4 F-1 - . Mass: 727 kg (1,602 lb). Nation: International. Agency: Intelsat. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Intelsat 4. Completed Operations Date: 1987-10-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 7815 . COSPAR: 1975-042A. Apogee: 36,128 km (22,448 mi). Perigee: 36,016 km (22,379 mi). Inclination: 8.9000 deg. Period: 1,450.70 min. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Launch vehicle put payload into geosynchronous transfer orbit Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Indian Ocean at 63 deg E in 1976-1978; over the Atlantic Ocean 17.0 deg W in 1978; over the Atlantic Ocean 18.5 deg W in 1979-1981; over the Pacific Ocean 174 deg E in 1982; over the Atlantic Ocean 53 deg W in 1983-1984; over the Atlantic Ocean 50 deg W in 1984-1987 As of 30 August 2001 located at 111.08 deg W drifting at 3.657 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 95.13E drifting at 3.657W degrees per day.

1976 May 22 - . 07:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout B-1. LV Configuration: Scout B-1 S179CR.
  • P 76-5 - . Mass: 73 kg (160 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF STP. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: P 76. USAF Sat Cat: 8860 . COSPAR: 1976-047A. Apogee: 1,044 km (648 mi). Perigee: 981 km (609 mi). Inclination: 99.6000 deg. Period: 105.40 min. Summary: Communications propagation experiments..

1978 May 22 - . 14:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1979 May 22 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K. LV Configuration: Proton-K 300-02.
  • Cosmos 1100 - . Payload: TKS VA s/n 102P. Mass: 4,250 kg (9,360 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Almaz. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Cosmos 1100. Spacecraft: TKS VA . Duration: 0.0600 days. Decay Date: 1979-05-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 11362 . COSPAR: 1979-042A. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. The Proton launch vehicle that shut down on the original LVI-4 launch attempt was undamaged, and just a month later, with a switch of payload, LVI-4 was orbited as Cosmos 1100 and 1101. The pair launched were the 102P/102L twins from LVI-3. One capsule failed when the automatic system suffered an electrical distribution failure and it did not land correctly, spending two orbits in space, while the other landed as planned after one orbit. The launch again successfully demonstrated the reusability of the VA capsule. Plans to launch the upper capsule manned were scrubbed due to the inability to get two consecutive failure-free launches of the Proton/TKS-VA.
  • Cosmos 1101 - . Payload: TKS VA s/n 102L. Mass: 4,250 kg (9,360 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Almaz. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft: TKS VA. Decay Date: 1979-05-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 11363 . COSPAR: 1979-042B. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Summary: Test of TKS-VA manned capsule. Two satellites launched by a single rocket..

1980 May 22 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.63GS.
  • Solar Constant 3 Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 249 km (154 mi).

1981 May 22 - . 07:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1273 - . Payload: Zenit-4MKT no. 17. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKT. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-06-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 12469 . COSPAR: 1981-048A. Apogee: 258 km (160 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. Summary: Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1981 May 22 - . 22:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 3914. LV Configuration: Delta 3914 645/D154.
  • GOES 5 - . Payload: GOES E. Mass: 836 kg (1,843 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NOAA. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: GOES. Completed Operations Date: 1990-07-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 12472 . COSPAR: 1981-049A. Apogee: 35,810 km (22,250 mi). Perigee: 35,775 km (22,229 mi). Inclination: 6.5000 deg. Period: 1,436.40 min. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 85 deg W in 1981; 75 deg W in 1981-1987; 106 deg W in 1987-1988; 65 deg W in 1988-1989 As of 31 August 2001 located at 107.28 deg W drifting at 0.248 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 110.88W drifting at 0.246W degrees per day.

1981 May 22 - .
1984 May 22 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1557 - . Payload: Zenit-4MKT no. 25. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKT. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1984-06-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 14982 . COSPAR: 1984-048A. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi). Perigee: 208 km (129 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. Summary: Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1985 May 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: Pioner. Launch Vehicle: Pioner.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 May 22 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • RSLP IPA-2 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1985 May 22 - . 08:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1653 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-17F41. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-06-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 15732 . COSPAR: 1985-038A. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi). Perigee: 206 km (128 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. High resolution photo surveillance; film capsule; maneuverable; also performed earth resource tasks. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.

1986 May 22 - . 11:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1989 May 22 - . 01:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: Agni. Launch Vehicle: Agni TD. LV Configuration: Agni TD 01.
  • Test mission - . Nation: India. Agency: IDRDL. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1990 May 22 - . 05:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC45/2. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-2.
  • Cosmos 2082 - . Payload: Tselina-2 no. 9. Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-2. USAF Sat Cat: 20624 . COSPAR: 1990-046A. Apogee: 857 km (532 mi). Perigee: 838 km (520 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 101.90 min.

1991 May 22 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P. LV Configuration: MT-135P-R783.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1993 May 22 - . 06:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U2.
  • Progress M-18 - . Payload: Progress M s/n 218. Mass: 7,348 kg (16,199 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Mir EO-13. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 43.44 days. Completed Operations Date: 1993-07-04 17:14:25 . Decay Date: 1993-07-04 17:14:25 . USAF Sat Cat: 22666 . COSPAR: 1993-034A. Apogee: 240 km (140 mi). Perigee: 188 km (116 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. Unmanned resupply vessel to Mir. Last launch using Soyuz-U2 launch vehicle. Docked with Mir's front port on 24 May 1993 08:24:44 GMT. In addition to other supplies, carried repair equipment for a spacewalk device damaged a month before. Undocked on 3 Jul 1993 15:58:16 GMT, with Soyuz TM-17 docking at the same port only minutes later at 17:45 GMT. Meanwhile, Progress M-17 remained docked to the Kvant rear port on a longevity test. Progress M-18 was destroyed in reentry on 4 Jul 1993 17:13:00 GMT. Total free-flight time 3.12 days. Total docked time 40.31 days.

1994 May 22 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. LV Configuration: Soyuz 11A511U 76024355.
  • Progress M-23 - . Payload: Progress M s/n 223. Mass: 7,117 kg (15,690 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Mir EO-15; Mir LD-4. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 41.44 days. Decay Date: 1994-07-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 23114 . COSPAR: 1994-031A. Apogee: 399 km (247 mi). Perigee: 397 km (246 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.52 min. Unmanned resupply vessel to Mir, with Raduga return capsule. Docked with Mir on 24 May 1994 06:18:35 GMT. Undocked on 2 Jul 1994 08:46:49 GMT. The braking engine was ignited at 14:44 GMT, and the Raduga VBK reentry capsule was ejected at 14:55:45 GMT. The Progress burnt up in the atmosphere at 14:57 GMT. The Raduga deployed its parachute after reentry and landed on 2 Jul 1994 15:09:00 GMT at 51 deg 41 min N, 59 deg 21 min E, in the Orenburg region. Total free-flight time 2.34 days. Total docked time 39.10 days.

1995 May 22 - . 00:10 GMT - .
1995 May 22 - . 07:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.092UH.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1997 May 22 - . 02:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1998 May 22 - . 06:22 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.175UR.
  • NITE Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 337 km (209 mi).

1999 May 22 - . 09:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 404B. LV Configuration: Titan 404B 4B-12.
  • USA 144 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Misty. USAF Sat Cat: 25744 . COSPAR: 1999-028A. Apogee: 3,100 km (1,900 mi). Perigee: 2,700 km (1,600 mi). Inclination: 63.5000 deg. This classified National Reconnaissance Office satellite represented the first successful Titan launch in four attempts. The payload had been reported to be a Lacrosse radar imaging reconnaissance satellite. However the short 50 foot Titan fairing was used instead of the 66 foot fairing used by Lacrosse. This only seems to be used previously for an Improved Crystal photo-reconnaissance satellite in November 1992. The payload therefore could be related to the ocean surveillance triplets, or be an Improved CRYSTAL derivative. Veteran amateur satellite-watchers believed it was the second launch of 'Misty', a stealthy optical reconnaisance satellite (the first launch being USA 53 in February 1990).

2000 May 22 - . 01:48 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-101-1 - . Crew: Williams, Jeffrey; Voss. EVA Type: Extra-Vehicular Activity. EVA Duration: 0.29 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Williams, Jeffrey; Voss. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Flight: STS-101. Spacecraft: International Space Station. Summary: The crew reattached the US crane, attached the Russian Strela transfer boom, and replaced a faulty antenna on the Unity node. EVA handrails were fixed to the station exterior for use on later spacewalks..

2001 May 22 - .
  • ISS Status Report: ISS 01-15 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Helms; Voss. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-2. Following two days of free flight since its launch Sunday, an unmanned Russian Progress spacecraft automatically docked to the back end of the International Space Station's Zvezda module at 7:24 p.m. Central time today. It is the fourth Progress dedicated to the resupply of the orbiting outpost. The Progress is carrying 3,100 pounds of supplies, including food, spare computer parts, and other logistical items which Expedition Two Commander Yury Usachev and Flight Engineers Jim Voss and Susan Helms will begin to unload on Wednesday. Additional Details: ISS Status Report: ISS 01-15.

2005 May 22 - . 17:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton/Briz M. LV Configuration: Proton M s/n 53510 / Breeze M s/n 88512.
  • DirecTV-8 - . Mass: 3,711 kg (8,181 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: DirecTV. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Program: DirecTV. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 28659 . COSPAR: 2005-019A. Apogee: 35,842 km (22,271 mi). Perigee: 35,711 km (22,189 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,435.60 min. Provided United States direct-television broadcast coverage from the 101 degrees West longitude orbital slot. The satellite carried 16 high-power transponders for high-quality national digital video services. Purchased in October 2003 together with DirecTV-9S for a total price of $220 million for both. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 100.77W drifting at 0.002W degrees per day.

2006 May 22 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: Shahab. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Shahab 3D test - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2006 May 22 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion Improved. LV Configuration: Terrier Improved Orion NASA 12.58GT.
2008 May 22 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 05/22/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kononenko, O D; Love; Reisman; Volkov, Sergey. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16-3; ISS EO-17; STS-122; STS-124. CDR Volkov conducted the periodic servicing of the active Russian BMP (Harmful Impurities Removal System) by starting the "bake-out" cycle to vacuum on absorbent bed #1 of the regenerable dual-channel filtration system.

    The regen process will be terminated before sleeptime, at ~5:15pm EDT. Regeneration of bed #2 follows tomorrow. (Regeneration of each of the two cartridges takes about 12 hours and is conducted only during crew awake periods. In order to assist in atmosphere scrubbing after the Freon-218 (Khladon) spill from the SKV-2 air conditioner on 4/24, the BMP's regeneration cycle was moded to 5 days instead of the regular 20 days.)

    Volkov & Kononenko spent another 2 hrs working jointly on cargo transfers & stowage from Progress 29P, tracking the moves in the IMS (Inventory Management System). Additional Details: ISS On-Orbit Status 05/22/08.


2009 May 22 - . 10:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAPHEUS - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi). Summary: Micrograv.

2011 May 22 - .
  • EVA STS-134-2 - . Crew: Feustel; Fincke. EVA Type: Extravehicular activity. EVA Duration: 0.34 days. Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-134; ISS EO-27; ISS EO-26. Summary: Refilled P5 truss radiators with ammonia and completed ammonia system venting. Lubricated SARJ and Dextre..

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