Encyclopedia Astronautica
May 28


May 28 Chronology


1910 May 28 - .
  • Birth of Robert 'RT' Jones - . Nation: USA. Summary: American engineer, credited by NASA as inventor of the swept-back and oblique wing concepts..

1940 May 28 - .
  • Goddard designs rejected by US military. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Robert H. Goddard offered all his research data, patents, and facilities for use by the military services at a meeting with representatives of Army Ordnance, Army Air Corps, and Navy Bureau of Aeronautics arranged by Harry Guggenheim. Nothing resulted from this except an expression of possible use of rockets in jet-assisted take-offs of aircraft.

1943 May 28 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Dornberger promoted - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Degenkolb; Dornberger. Dornberger was promoted to Major General. But Degenkolb was still in charge of A4 production, and had sent four engineers to spy at Peenemuende, asking them to provide recommendations on reorganisation of the place, promising the four that they would be made directors of the new enterprise.

1944 May 28 - .
1944 May 28 - . Launch Site: Heidelager. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 17774. FAILURE: Airburst.
  • V-2 C02 G1 - . Nation: Germany. Summary: Airburst 0.9 km to the left of the planned trajectory..

1949 May 28 - . 01:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-1. Launch Vehicle: R-1A. LV Configuration: R-1A 6.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Test of separable warhead. Range achieved 31.9 km. Vertical launch. Expected range 22 km. Launched at 0450 local time. Carried two 85 kg Physical Measurement of Atmospheric Boundary (FIAR-1) containers, which were recovered but damaged; no science resulted

1952 May 28 - .
  • Birth of Vladimir Mkrtychovich Gevorkyan - . Nation: Armenia; Russia. Summary: Armenian-Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1978-1987. Graduated from Bauman Technical Higher School, Moscow, 1975 Civilian Engineer, Chelomei OKB. From 1991 General Director of Science Corporation "Terra"..

1952 May 28 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 95R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 May 28 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 1151R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 May 28 - .
  • X-1A Flight 16 - . Crew: Murray. Payload: X-1A flight 16. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Murray. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: X-1A. Summary: AF flight 10. X-1A attained 26564 m, un-official world altitude record for manned aircraft..

1956 May 28 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Able.
  • RAND lunar instrument carrier based on the Atlas booster - . Nation: USA. The RAND Corporation issued the first of a series of reports on the feasibility of a lunar instrument carrier, based on the use of an Atlas booster. A braking rocket would decelerate the vehicle before lunar landing, and a penetration spike on the forward point of the instrument package would help to absorb the 500 feet per second impact velocity. Instruments would then transmit information on the lunar surface to earth.

1956 May 28 - .
  • Birth of Glenn Scott Yeakel - . Nation: USA. Summary: American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1982-1988. Master of science in astronautical engineering from USAF Academy, 1978. Stationed at the US State Department. Later with National Reconnaissance Office..

1957 May 28 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69D 53-8177.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 May 28 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Atlas production facility opens. - . Nation: USA. Summary: Open house, new Astronautics facility on Kearny Mesa.

1958 May 28 - . 03:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. LV Family: Vanguard. Launch Vehicle: Vanguard. LV Configuration: Vanguard SLV-1. FAILURE: Improper third stage trajectory - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Vanguard 2B - . Payload: Lyman Alpha satellite. Mass: 10 kg (22 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Vanguard. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Vanguard 2. Decay Date: 1958-05-27 . COSPAR: F580528A. Apogee: 3,500 km (2,100 mi).

1959 May 28 - . LV Family: Little Joe. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe.
  • First two Mercury Little Joe booster airframes delivered - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. North American Aviation delivered the first two Little Joe booster airframes, and noted that the four remaining were on fabrication schedule. The planned program was moving smoothly, for rocket motors to be used in the first flight were available at Wallops Station, Virginia, the test flight launching site. In addition, procurement of the test spacecraft incorporating Mercury flight items was on schedule, and the first spacecraft had been instrumented by Space Task Group personnel. Work was also in progress on other test spacecraft.

1959 May 28 - .
  • A quick-release, side exit hatch was designed for the Mercury spacecraft. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Summary: The design consisted of a continuous double explosive train to assure that all bolts were actually broken upon activation of the device..

1959 May 28 - . 07:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC26B. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter. LV Configuration: Jupiter IRBM AM-18.
  • Bioflight 2 Test/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF; NASA Huntsville. Apogee: 483 km (300 mi). Able and Baker recovered after spaceflight. Fired from AMR at 0235 hours EST. The flight was successful with impact ranging from 0.1 to 0.4 nm from the target. The missile travelled a 1,302 nm range. The significant mission of the missile was to test the effects of cosmic radiation, increased gravity, and weightlessness on live passengers and biomedical experiments of material housed in the nose cone. On board were an American-born rhesus monkey, Able; a squirrel monkey, Baker; and the biomedical experiments -- yeast , corn, mustard seeds, fruit-fly larvae, human blood, mould spore, and fish eggs. Able and Baker were recovered unharmed within one and one-half hours after lift-off. This milestone marked the first recovery of living creatures from a flight through near space. The biomedical experiments were for NASA analysis. Telemetry data disclosed that the responses of the animals were normal for the conditions they were experiencing. During the boost phase, when the higher g-loads were being sustained, body temperature, respiration, pulse rate, and heartbeat rose but were well within tolerable limits. During the weightless period along the trajectory arc, the physiological responses of Able and Baker approached normal - so near, in fact, that according to telemetry data, Baker appeared either to doze or to become drowsy. Upon reentry, the responses rose again, but at landing the animals were nearing a settled physiological state. This flight was another milestone proving that life could be sustained in a space environment.

1960 May 28 - . 18:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I BB-1-07.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1961 May 28 - . Launch Site: Cuxhaven.
  • Rocket mail delivered to Neuwerk - . Nation: Germany. The DRG (German Rocket Society) launched a 40 kg rocket over a range of 14 km to the island of Neuwerk. The missile had a thrust of 508 kgf and took 30 seconds to cover the distance. 5000 postcards were carried. This fulfilled a 28 year old plan for such a rocket flight.

1962 May 28 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. LV Configuration: Kosmos 63S1 3LK.
  • Cosmos 5 - . Payload: 2MS s/n 2. Mass: 280 kg (610 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: MS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: 2MS. Decay Date: 1963-05-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 297 . COSPAR: 1962-Upsilon-1. Apogee: 1,578 km (980 mi). Perigee: 192 km (119 mi). Inclination: 49.1000 deg. Period: 102.60 min. Summary: Monitored artificial radiation. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space; development of elements in the design of space craft. .

1963 May 28 - .
  • Cosmonaut's parachute trainer Nikitin killed in an accident. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Korolev; Rudenko. Flight: Vostok 5; Vostok 6. He tangled in the air with another member of a group jump, Aleksei Novikov. Both were killed. The Vostok 5 and 6 launch vehicles and spacecraft are both in the MIK assembly wall. Work began on them two weeks ago. Nevertheless Korolev is not happy with the results. He wants the tests run over from the start. Round-the-clock work begins from this day. The bad weather and the news of Nikitin's death produce an atmosphere of gloom. Nikitin's funeral is scheduled for 30 May. Therefore the cosmonauts have delayed their departure in order to attend the funeral and will not arrive at Tyuratam until 31 May. Kamanin was very worried about the effect of Nikitin's death on the female cosmonauts' nerves. The final decree set the launch dates as 2/3 June, with landing on 7/8 June. Kamanin gets into a heated argument with Rudenko, who wants to fly all of the cosmonauts to Tyuratam on a single aircraft. He doesn't see what the big deal is -- after all, state ministers fly together all the time.

1964 May 28 - . Launch Site: Little Carter Bay. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 HITAB.
  • TSRA-1 Infrared Astronomy/Ultraviolet Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NOTS. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1964 May 28 - . 07:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LE2. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor DSV-2J. LV Configuration: Thor DSV-2J 227 (20007). FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 3.
  • AFP-437 combat training interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 932 km (579 mi).

1964 May 28 - . 17:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC37B. LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I. LV Configuration: Saturn I-Blk2 SA-6.
  • Saturn 6 - . Payload: Apollo CSM Boilerplate 13. Mass: 16,900 kg (37,200 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar spacecraft. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. Decay Date: 1964-06-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 800 . COSPAR: 1964-025A. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi). Perigee: 179 km (111 mi). Inclination: 31.7000 deg. Period: 88.20 min. Summary: Apollo Saturn Mission A-101, using CM BP-13 atop SA-6 Saturn I launch vehicle, launched at Cape Kennedy, Fla., to prove spacecraft/launch vehicle compatibility. Boilerplate CSM, LM adapter, LES. LES jettison demonstrated..

1964 May 28 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 2. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV. LV Configuration: Athena A002. FAILURE: Failure.
  • USAF A002 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1965 May 28 - . 02:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC60/6. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Military training launch to Kamchatka - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 743 km (461 mi).

1965 May 28 - . 02:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 68D / OV-1. FAILURE: Failure.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • OV1-03 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: OV1. Decay Date: 1965-05-28 . COSPAR: F650528A.

1965 May 28 - . 17:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 3-42-65.
  • X-15A Radiometer/Scan/BLN Test/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 6040 kph. Maximum Altitude - 63886 m..

1968 May 28 - .
  • Tereshkova has a heart-to-heart with Kamanin. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Tereshkova. Program: Soyuz. Summary: How is she supposed to have time for space training, her engineering classes at the test pilot academy, flight training, herself, and her daughter -- and still the incessant demands from the state for political and public relations activities?.

1968 May 28 - .
  • HL-10 Flight 7 - . Crew: Manke. Payload: HL-10 flight 7. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Manke. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: HL-10. Summary: Maximum Speed - 698 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13720 m. Flight Time - 245 sec..

1968 May 28 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC161/35. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: R-36-O. LV Configuration: R-36O 8K69 Ya22501m No. 19L.
  • OGCh - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Orbital bombing system. Spacecraft: OGCh. COSPAR: 1968-U02xx. Summary: Probable suborbital test of Fractional Orbital Bombardment System..

1969 May 28 - .
  • HL-10 Flight 19 - . Crew: Manke. Payload: HL-10 flight 19. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Manke. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: HL-10. Summary: 2 chambers. Maximum Speed - 1311 kph. Maximum Altitude - 18960 m. Flight Time - 398 sec..

1969 May 28 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.420UA.
  • Pandora H Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1969 May 28 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF25. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2. LV Configuration: Minuteman 2 2131.
  • OT GT7F operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1970 May 28 - .
  • Pace quickens at Baikonur. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Nikolayev; Sevastyanov; Afanasyev, Sergei. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 9. Summary: The big shots (Afanasyev and others) are finally showing up, just in order to see the launch. The crew completes preparation of the flight log. At night they do more stellar navigation training, including use of new electronic binoculars..

1971 May 28 - .
1971 May 28 - . 02:52 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun INTA NC-7104.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Spain. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1971 May 28 - . 04:31 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 INTA SC-7102.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Spain. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1971 May 28 - . 09:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150 MI. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 MI KP3.37.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: KPNO. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1971 May 28 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 424 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4M. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1971-06-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 5248 . COSPAR: 1971-048A. Apogee: 282 km (175 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 65.4000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1971 May 28 - . 15:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/D. LV Configuration: Proton-K/D 249-01.
  • Mars 3 - . Payload: M-71 s/n 172. Mass: 4,643 kg (10,236 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Mars. Class: Mars. Type: Mars probe. Spacecraft: Mars M-71. USAF Sat Cat: 5252 . COSPAR: 1971-049A. Apogee: 214,500 km (133,200 mi). Perigee: 1,528 km (949 mi). Inclination: 60.0000 deg. Period: 18,243.00 min. Mars probe intended to conduct of a series of scientific investigations of the planet Mars and the space around it. Parameters are for Mars orbit. The Mars 3 orbiter also carried a French-built experiment which was not carried on Mars 2. Called Spectrum 1, the instrument measured solar radiation at metric wavelengths in conjunction with Earth-based receivers to study the cause of solar outbursts. The Spectrum 1 antenna was mounted on one of the solar panels. A mid-course correction was made on 8 June. The descent module (COSPAR 1971-049F) was released at 09:14 GMT on 2 December 1971 about 4.5 hours before reaching Mars. Through aerodynamic braking, parachutes, and retro-rockets, the lander achieved a soft landing at 45 S, 158 W and began operations. However, after 20 sec the instruments stopped working for unknown reasons. Meanwhile, the orbiter engine performed a burn to put the spacecraft into a long 11-day period orbit about Mars with an inclination thought to be similar to that of Mars 2 (48.9 degrees). Data was sent back for many months. It was announced that Mars 2 and 3 had completed their missions by 22 August 1972.

1973 May 28 - . 14:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Starute, Datasonde Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1974 May 28 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC177. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1975 May 28 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC105. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1975 May 28 - . 00:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53731-272.
  • Cosmos 732 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 89. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7820 . COSPAR: 1975-045A. Apogee: 1,470 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,404 km (872 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min. Summary: Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 735 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 92. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7824 . COSPAR: 1975-045D. Apogee: 1,474 km (915 mi). Perigee: 1,462 km (908 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.
  • Cosmos 736 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 93. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7825 . COSPAR: 1975-045E. Apogee: 1,487 km (923 mi). Perigee: 1,469 km (912 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.50 min.
  • Cosmos 733 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 90. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7822 . COSPAR: 1975-045B. Apogee: 1,554 km (965 mi). Perigee: 1,470 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.30 min.
  • Cosmos 737 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 94. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7826 . COSPAR: 1975-045F. Apogee: 1,529 km (950 mi). Perigee: 1,470 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.00 min.
  • Cosmos 739 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 96. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7828 . COSPAR: 1975-045H. Apogee: 1,472 km (914 mi). Perigee: 1,423 km (884 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.
  • Cosmos 738 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 95. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7827 . COSPAR: 1975-045G. Apogee: 1,509 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,469 km (912 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.
  • Cosmos 734 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 91. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7823 . COSPAR: 1975-045C. Apogee: 1,472 km (914 mi). Perigee: 1,443 km (896 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.

1975 May 28 - . 07:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 740 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1975-06-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 7821 . COSPAR: 1975-046A. Apogee: 327 km (203 mi). Perigee: 173 km (107 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1975 May 28 - . 20:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.532UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 191 km (118 mi).

1975 May 28 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 617. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • DASO-34 demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1976 May 28 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53716-328.
  • Cosmos 822 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1978-08-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 8865 . COSPAR: 1976-049A. Apogee: 711 km (441 mi). Perigee: 280 km (170 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Summary: Radar calibration mission..

1977 May 28 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC105. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M.
  • Missile accuracy test launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 May 28 - . 08:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF26. Launch Pad: LF26?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT58GB Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1979 May 28 - . 18:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B. LV Configuration: Titan 24B 24B-25 (3B-61).
  • OPS 7164 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 50 / Agena D. Mass: 4,000 kg (8,800 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1979-08-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 11372 . COSPAR: 1979-044A. Apogee: 285 km (177 mi). Perigee: 131 km (81 mi). Inclination: 96.4000 deg. Period: 88.70 min. Summary: KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1980 May 28 - . 06:23 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 657. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-3 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 May 28 - . 06:24 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 657. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-3 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 May 28 - . 06:52 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 657. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-3 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 May 28 - . 06:52 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 657. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-3 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 May 28 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1183 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-06-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 11816 . COSPAR: 1980-042A. Apogee: 384 km (238 mi). Perigee: 196 km (121 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1981 May 28 - . 00:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1982 May 28 - . 09:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1370 - . Payload: Yantar-1KFT no. 2. Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Cartographic satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-1KFT. Duration: 44.00 days. Decay Date: 1982-07-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 13219 . COSPAR: 1982-049A. Apogee: 273 km (169 mi). Perigee: 195 km (121 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. Summary: Military topographic / cartographic satellite..

1982 May 28 - . 15:47 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. Launch Vehicle: Aries. LV Configuration: Aries GL A24.609-03.
  • TEM-3 ABM infrared sensor technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 236 km (146 mi).

1982 May 28 - . 22:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 1-54 - . Payload: Molniya-1T. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Molniya-1T. Decay Date: 1992-11-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 13237 . COSPAR: 1982-050A. Apogee: 40,054 km (24,888 mi). Perigee: 259 km (160 mi). Inclination: 64.3000 deg. Period: 716.90 min. Summary: Replaced Molniya 1-44. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio communications system in the USSR; transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to stations in the Orbita network. .

1983 May 28 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Vehicle: HOE. LV Configuration: HOE HOE 2.
  • HOE 2 ABM test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1983 May 28 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • RSLP STREP-12 (HOE) Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1984 May 28 - . 14:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Progress 22 - . Payload: Progress s/n 122. Mass: 7,020 kg (15,470 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 7. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Salyut 7 EO-3. Spacecraft: Progress. Duration: 48.19 days. Completed Operations Date: 1984-07-15 18:52:08 . Decay Date: 1984-07-15 18:52:08 . USAF Sat Cat: 14996 . COSPAR: 1984-051A. Apogee: 244 km (151 mi). Perigee: 188 km (116 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. Transport of various cargoes to the Salyut-7 orbital station. Docked with Salyut 7 on 30 May 1984 15:47:00 GMT. Undocked on 15 Jul 1984 13:36:00 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 15 Jul 1984 18:52:00 GMT. Total free-flight time 2.28 days. Total docked time 45.91 days.

1984 May 28 - . 21:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 65039-531.
  • Cosmos 1559 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 273. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 14998 . COSPAR: 1984-052A. Apogee: 1,511 km (938 mi). Perigee: 1,470 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.80 min. Summary: Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1563 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 277. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 15002 . COSPAR: 1984-052E. Apogee: 1,477 km (917 mi). Perigee: 1,438 km (893 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 1566 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 280. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 15005 . COSPAR: 1984-052H. Apogee: 1,474 km (915 mi). Perigee: 1,394 km (866 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.50 min.
  • Cosmos 1564 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 278. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 15003 . COSPAR: 1984-052F. Apogee: 1,476 km (917 mi). Perigee: 1,424 km (884 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.90 min.
  • Cosmos 1562 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 276. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 15001 . COSPAR: 1984-052D. Apogee: 1,477 km (917 mi). Perigee: 1,453 km (902 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.20 min.
  • Cosmos 1560 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 274. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 14999 . COSPAR: 1984-052B. Apogee: 1,492 km (927 mi). Perigee: 1,471 km (914 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.60 min.
  • Cosmos 1565 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 279. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 15004 . COSPAR: 1984-052G. Apogee: 1,476 km (917 mi). Perigee: 1,408 km (874 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min.
  • Cosmos 1561 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 275. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 15000 . COSPAR: 1984-052C. Apogee: 1,485 km (922 mi). Perigee: 1,462 km (908 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.40 min.

1984 May 28 - . 23:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310JA-10.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1985 May 28 - . 15:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1986 May 28 - . 05:43 GMT - .
1986 May 28 - . 07:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1746 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-17F41. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-06-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 16737 . COSPAR: 1986-040A. Apogee: 277 km (172 mi). Perigee: 176 km (109 mi). Inclination: 82.4000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. Summary: Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation. .

1987 May 28 - . 12:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1848 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1987-06-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 18017 . COSPAR: 1987-047A. Apogee: 368 km (228 mi). Perigee: 191 km (118 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. Summary: Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1988 May 28 - . 02:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1949 - . Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: EORSAT. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: US-P. Decay Date: 1990-04-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 19193 . COSPAR: 1988-045A. Apogee: 415 km (257 mi). Perigee: 402 km (249 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 92.70 min. Summary: Ocean surveillance..

1991 May 28 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36MU 15A18.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1992 May 28 - . 19:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 2186 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 57.00 days. Decay Date: 1992-07-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 21973 . COSPAR: 1992-029A. Apogee: 327 km (203 mi). Perigee: 187 km (116 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1993 May 28 - . 08:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC20. LV Family: Super Chief. Launch Vehicle: LCLV. LV Configuration: LCLV Red Tigress 2B.
  • Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Apogee: 390 km (240 mi).

1995 May 28 - . 22:22 GMT - .
1997 May 28 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1999 May 28 - .
  • Cox Report Released - . Nation: China. Summary: US Congressional panel under Christopher Cox released a 700-page report claiming China had stolen American secrets in the fields of nuclear weapons, rocket and space technology, and supercomputers. China angrily denied the allegations..

2000 May 28 - . LV Family: KT. Launch Vehicle: KT-1.
  • China to Develop Solid Fuel Launch Vehicle - . Nation: China. Summary: China established the Space Solid Fuel Rocket Carrier Co., Ltd., to develop the new SLV-1 launch vehicle. This would be a mobile, partially reusable small space launcher..

2000 May 28 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minotaur. Launch Vehicle: Minotaur 2. LV Configuration: Minotaur 2 TLV Demo.
  • OSPTLV 1 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFMC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). Summary: OSP-TLV (TLV-Demo) Missile Defense Technology.

2002 May 28 - . 15:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Shavit. Launch Vehicle: Shavit 1. LV Configuration: Shaviyt 1 5.
  • Ofeq-5 - . Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Nation: Israel. Agency: Tsahal. Manufacturer: IAI. Program: Offeq. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Ofeq 5. USAF Sat Cat: 27434 . COSPAR: 2002-025A. Apogee: 757 km (470 mi). Perigee: 370 km (220 mi). Inclination: 143.5000 deg. Period: 95.90 min. Military Observation satellite. Return to flight of the Shavit booster following a lauanch failure. Launch delayed from third quarter 2001. The three-stage Shavit rocket took off from Palmachim Air Force Base on the Israeli coast and flew westward to put the satellite in a retrograde orbit. The AUS-51 third stage solid motor entered a 262 x 774 km x 143.5 deg orbit and separated from the Ofeq satellite. Both coasted up to apogee at around 1620 UTC when Ofeq made a burn to increase its velocity by 33 m/s, raising the orbit to 369 x 771 km x 143.5 deg.

2002 May 28 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2389 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: VKS. Manufacturer: Reshetnev. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 27436 . COSPAR: 2002-026A. Apogee: 1,017 km (631 mi). Perigee: 949 km (589 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. The Kosmos-3M rocket entered a transfer orbit of about 150 x 1000 km x 83 deg at about 1823 UTC; a second burn at apogee around 1905 UTC circularized the orbit at 950 x 1016 km. The Parus navigation satellite was placed in Plane 4, probably replacing Cosmos 2336; it was between the planes of Cosmos 2366 and Cosmos 2361.

2003 May 28 - .
  • Death of Oleg Grigoryevich Makarov at Moscow, Russia. Natural causes. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Makarov. Summary: Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 12, Soyuz 18-1, Salyut 6 EP-1, Salyut 6 EO-5. Survived first manned spaceflight abort during launch..

2004 May 28 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/20. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 2405 - . Mass: 3,150 kg (6,940 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Manufacturer: Arsenal. Program: EORSAT. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: US-PU. Decay Date: 2006-06-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 28350 . COSPAR: 2004-020A. Apogee: 417 km (259 mi). Perigee: 405 km (251 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 92.80 min. Summary: Original reported name Cosmos 2407..

2008 May 28 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 05/28/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kononenko, O D; Kotov; Malenchenko; Reisman; Volkov, Sergey. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-15; ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-3; ISS EO-17; STS-124. For the long-term Russian sleep study, FE-1 Oleg Kononenko terminated his third MBI-12 SONOKARD experiment session upon wake-up by taking the recording device from his SONOKARD sports shirt pocket and later copying the measurements to the RSE-MED laptop for subsequent downlink to the ground.

    CDR Sergey Volkov in turn will start his third overnight MBI-12 session tonight. (SONOKARD objectives are stated to (1) study the feasibility of obtaining the maximum of data through computer processing of records obtained overnight, (2) systematically record the crewmember's physiological functions during sleep, (3) study the feasibility of obtaining real-time crew health data. Investigators believe that contactless acquisition of cardiorespiratory data over the night period could serve as a basis for developing efficient criteria for evaluating and predicting adaptive capability of human body in long-duration space flight.) Additional Details: ISS On-Orbit Status 05/28/08.


2009 May 28 - . 16:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • NASA 41.080NR - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Summary: Hypersonic.

2010 May 28 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC37B. Launch Pad: SLC37B. LV Family: Delta IV. Launch Vehicle: Delta IV Medium+ (4.2).
  • USA 213 - . Payload: Navstar 65 / GPS SVN 62 IIF SV-1. Nation: USA. Agency: Martin. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2F. USAF Sat Cat: 36585 . COSPAR: 2010-022A. Apogee: 20,225 km (12,567 mi). Perigee: 20,188 km (12,544 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Period: 719.00 min. Summary: First Block IIF Global Positioning System satellite. Supported the L1M and L2M military GPS channels, the L2C civilian channel and a new L5 civilian channel. Also included a nuclear explosion detection system..

2011 May 28 - .
  • EVA STS-134-4 - . Crew: Fincke; Chamitoff. EVA Type: Extravehicular activity. EVA Duration: 0.31 days. Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-134; ISS EO-27. Summary: Moved the Orbiter Boom Sensor System from the shuttle to an ISS truss. Completed other external work on the Dextre arm and the PMM module. This EVA completed assembly of the US segment of the ISS..

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