Encyclopedia Astronautica
October 09


October 09 Chronology


1604 October 9 - .
  • Supernova 1604 (Kepler's Nova) - . Nation: Germany.

1914 October 9 - .
  • Birth of Georgi Aleksandrovich Tyulin - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Russian officer. First Deputy Chairman of GKOT 1961-1965. First Deputy Minister of General Machine Building 1965-1976. Chaired many State Commissions..

1924 October 9 - .
  • Birth of Robert Aitken Rushworth - . Nation: USA. Summary: American test pilot. Selected as X-15 pilot in 1958, he made the most X-15 flights and obtained astronaut wings on X-15 Flight 87..

1944 October 9 - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 19045. FAILURE: Air-burst of rocket but explosion of warhead at ground level..
  • V-2 WH9 189 F3 - . Nation: Germany. Summary: Planned range 225 km. Air-burst of rocket but explosion of warhead at ground level 1.6 km to the left of the planned trajectory. Circular error 12.1 km from aim point..

1947 October 9 - . 19:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 27.
  • Solar ultraviolet / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; GE. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi). Launched 12:15 local time. Reached 156.5 km. Carried Solar radiation (Naval Research Lab); pressure, composition (SCEL) experiments for General Electric. General Electric engineers obtained the first carefully instrumented heat-transfer data from supersonic flight when this V-2 attained 1520 m/s.

1952 October 9 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LA. Launch Pad: LA?. LV Family: Matador. Launch Vehicle: Matador. LV Configuration: Matador GM-570.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1956 October 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • F23 Ramjet test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 October 9 - .
  • Birth of Yuri Vladimirovich Usachyov - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-15, Mir EO-21, STS-101, ISS EO-2. 552 cumulative days in space..

1957 October 9 - . LV Family: Vanguard. Launch Vehicle: Vanguard.
  • Vanguard supported by Eisenhower. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Eisenhower. Program: Vanguard. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Vanguard 1. President Eisenhower in a White House press release congratulated the Soviet scientists on SPUTNIK I. He gave a brief history of the development of the U.S.-IGY satellite program and pointed to the separation of Project Vanguard from work on ballistic missiles.

1958 October 9 - .
  • Mercury air drop program for full-scale parachute and landing system development. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury; Mercury Parachute. Summary: In behalf of the manned satellite project, an air drop program for full-scale parachute and landing system development was started at Langley..

1959 October 9 - . 08:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.209C.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1959 October 9 - . 11:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AA6.213C.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1960 October 9 - .
  • Contractors' proposals for an advanced manned spacecraft - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Source Selection. Contractors' proposals on feasibility studies for an advanced manned spacecraft were received by STG. Sixty-four companies expressed interest in the Apollo program, and of these 14 actually submitted proposals: The Boeing Airplane Company; Chance Vought Corporation; Convair/Astronautics Division of General Dynamics Corporation; Cornell Aeronautical Laboratory, Inc.; Douglas Aircraft Company; General Electric Company; Goodyear Aircraft Corporation; Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation; Guardite Division of American Marietta Company; Lockheed Aircraft Corporation; The Martin Company; North American Aviation, Inc.; and Republic Aviation Corporation. These 14 companies, later reduced to 12 when Cornell and Guardite withdrew, were subsequently invited to submit prime contractor proposals for the Apollo spacecraft development in 1961. The Technical Assessment Panels began evaluation of contractors' proposals on October 10.

1961 October 9 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury Atlas booster No. 93-D delivered to Cape Canaveral - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Summary: Atlas booster No. 93-D was delivered to Cape Canaveral for the Mercury-Atlas 5 (MA-5) orbital flight mission..

1961 October 9 - .
  • Bids received for Apollo prime contractor - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar spacecraft. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Source Selection. Summary: Five Bidding Teams: GD/Avco; GE/Douglas/Grumman/STL; McDonnell/Lockheed/Hughes/Vought; Martin/North American.

1961 October 9 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U. LV Configuration: R-16U 2LU.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1961 October 9 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Daniel. Launch Vehicle: Daniel. LV Configuration: Daniel 02.
  • Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 October 9 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury spacecraft 20 delivered to Cape Canaveral - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Flight: Mercury MA-9. Spacecraft: Mercury. Summary: Spacecraft 20 was delivered to Cape Canaveral for the Mercury-Atlas 9 (MA-9) 1-day mission flight..

1962 October 9 - . Launch Site: Altus AFB. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • Atlas SMS 577 operational. - . Nation: USA. Summary: Altus AFB SMS 577 operational.

1962 October 9 - . 18:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena B. LV Configuration: Thor Agena B 352 / Agena B 1134.
  • KH-5 9046A - . Payload: KH-5 s/n 9046A/Agena B 1134. Mass: 1,150 kg (2,530 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-5. Decay Date: 1962-10-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 436 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Epsilon-1. Apogee: 427 km (265 mi). Perigee: 213 km (132 mi). Inclination: 82.0000 deg. Period: 91.00 min. Summary: KH-5; film capsule recovered 4.1 days later. 50% of stellar terrain film was blank due to shutter malfunction. Officially: Spacecraft Engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • SRV 603 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft: KH-5. COSPAR: 1962-B-Epsilon-x.

1962 October 9 - . 18:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 2-30-51.
  • X-15A VO Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 39 km (24 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5979 kph. Maximum Altitude - 39700 m..

1963 October 9 - .
  • Kamanin and Gagarin fly to Cuba to join Tereshkova. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Tereshkova; Gagarin. Flight: Vostok 6. Summary: Kamanin and Gagarin fly to Cuba to join Tereshkova. Then over the next 13 days on to Mexico, USA, Canada, England, and East Germany. .

1963 October 9 - .
  • Douglas Paracone "flying carpet" escape system from orbital space stations. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Paracone. A 'flying carpet' escape system from orbital space stations had been proposed by Douglas Aircraft Company. The escape system would be a saucer shape that would expand into a blunt-nosed, cone- shaped vehicle 7.6 m across at its base. The vehicle would act as its own brake as it passed through the atmosphere. Reentry heating problems would be met by using fabrics woven with filaments of nickel-based alloys.

1963 October 9 - . 23:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.102NA.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1964 October 9 - .
  • Weight reduction program for the Apollo LEM - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM; LM Weight. NASA and Grumman representatives discussed a weight reduction program for the LEM. Changes approved at the M-5 mockup review portended an increase in LEM separation weight of from 68 to 453 kg (150 to 1,000 lbs). Both parties agreed to evaluate the alternatives of either resizing the spacecraft or finding ways to lighten it about nine percent, thus keeping the improved LEM within the present control weight.

1964 October 9 - . 04:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-3C. LV Configuration: Scout X-3C S130R.
  • RFD-2 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1965 October 9 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir. LV Configuration: Saphir VE231 P3.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,150 km (710 mi).

1965 October 9 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU33. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 October 9 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1967 October 9 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 D-75M.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: AN; CNES. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1968 October 9 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn IB.
1968 October 9 - .
  • Soyuz 3 preparations. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Mishin; Beregovoi. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 3. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK. Kamanin is at Tyuratam. There is a Soyuz review - the preparation of the spacecraft is on schedule. Mishin is 'sick' (drunk) again and does not attend. Beregovoi weighs in at 80.4 kg and his opponents are using this against him, saying he is too fat for the mission. He had been up to 86 kg, but had already lost weight on Kamanin's recommendation.

1968 October 9 - . 03:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Resolute Bay. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AKF-3-39.
  • Ionosphere / chemical release / solar x-ray mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1968 October 9 - . 03:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1968 October 9 - . 04:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1. LV Configuration: Skylark 1 SL791R.
  • UK SL791R test - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE; RAE. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1968 October 9 - . 08:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1969 October 9 - .
  • Final preparations - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Kurushin; Shonin; Kubasov; Beregovoi; Feoktistov; Shatalov; Belyayev. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 6; Soyuz 7; Soyuz 8. The ship's logs/flight plans are reviewed one more time. Tyuratam commander General Kurushin runs through the Svinets ABM experiment again with Shonin and Kubasov - they're ready. The Communist Party has selected Beregovoi and Feoktistov for the trip to the United States in November, ignoring Kamanin's recommendation of Belyayev and Shatalov. Kamanin is not so much against Beregovoi, but he firmly believes that Feoktistov is not worthy of the privilege - he's a degenerate, now on this third marriage..

1970 October 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA4. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Castor. LV Configuration: Castor-2R.
  • SPED II re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1970 October 9 - . 11:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 370 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4M. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1970-10-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 4576 . COSPAR: 1970-082A. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi). Perigee: 203 km (126 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1971 October 9 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5V.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1971 October 9 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-125.
  • Range test - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi).

1971 October 9 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 October 9 - . 12:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Magnetic mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1972 October 9 - . 12:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Sandhawk Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Sandhawk Tomahawk Sandia 152-191.
  • Ba CHACHALACA Aeronomy / Fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 October 9 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.501UA.
  • SSC NNA 4 Meteorites mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1973 October 9 - . 17:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1974 October 9 - . 04:49 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: INTA. Launch Vehicle: INTA-300. LV Configuration: INTA-300 F-74001.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 254 km (157 mi). Summary: Failed to reach expected altitude..

1975 October 9 - .
  • X-24 Flight 59 - . Crew: Enevoldson. Payload: X-24B flight 31. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Enevoldson. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: X-24B. Summary: Maximum Speed - 724 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13720 m. Flight Time - 251 sec..

1975 October 9 - . 04:49 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 6 AC S103.
  • DLR H-GR-68 (Astro 7) Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 254 km (157 mi).

1975 October 9 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170. LV Configuration: Aerobee 170 NASA 13.117UL.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1975 October 9 - . 19:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B. LV Configuration: Titan 24B 24B-13 (3B-47).
  • OPS 5499 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 45 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1975-11-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 8360 . COSPAR: 1975-098A. Apogee: 274 km (170 mi). Perigee: 145 km (90 mi). Inclination: 96.4000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Summary: KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1976 October 9 - . 00:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 45 km (27 mi).

1977 October 9 - . 02:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Soyuz 25 - . Call Sign: Foton (Photon). Crew: Kovalyonok; Ryumin. Backup Crew: Ivanchenkov; Romanenko. Payload: Soyuz 7K-T s/n 42. Mass: 6,860 kg (15,120 lb). Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Kovalyonok; Ryumin; Ivanchenkov; Romanenko. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz 25. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-T. Duration: 2.03 days. Decay Date: 1977-10-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 10401 . COSPAR: 1977-099A. Apogee: 240 km (140 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. Summary: Manned two crew. Unsuccessful mission. Failed to dock with Salyut 6..

1978 October 9 - . 15:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Thule AFB. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1979 October 9 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1980 October 9 - . 01:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki TY1-6193.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Wallops. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1981 October 9 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1314 - . Payload: Zenit-4MKT no. 19. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKT. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-10-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 12895 . COSPAR: 1981-101A. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi). Perigee: 209 km (129 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. Summary: Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1981 October 9 - . 16:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM. LV Configuration: Proton-K/DM 310-01.
  • Raduga 10 - . Payload: Raduga s/n 20L. Mass: 1,940 kg (4,270 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Raduga . Completed Operations Date: 1987-10-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 12897 . COSPAR: 1981-102A. Apogee: 35,820 km (22,250 mi). Perigee: 35,764 km (22,222 mi). Inclination: 13.7000 deg. Period: 1,436.40 min. Provision of uninterrupted round the clock telephone and telegraph radiocommunication in the USSR and simultaneous transmission of colour and black-and-white USSR central television programmes to stations in the Orbita network. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 85 deg E in 1981-1987 As of 5 September 2001 located at 76.66 deg E drifting at 0.069 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 65.57E drifting at 0.042W degrees per day.

1984 October 9 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 658. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 October 9 - . 02:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E/SGS-2. LV Configuration: Atlas E/SGS-2 55E.
  • USA 10 - . Payload: GPS SVN 11. Mass: 770 kg (1,690 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: GPS Block 1. USAF Sat Cat: 16129 . COSPAR: 1985-093A. Apogee: 21,673 km (13,466 mi). Perigee: 20,765 km (12,902 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 760.40 min. Summary: Global Positioning System..

1985 October 9 - . 21:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1690 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 3. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 16138 . COSPAR: 1985-094A. Apogee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Perigee: 1,381 km (858 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.80 min. Summary: Military store-dump communications satellite. Six satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1692 - . Payload: Strela-3 Mass Model. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 16140 . COSPAR: 1985-094C. Apogee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Perigee: 1,388 km (862 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.80 min. Summary: Mass model of Strela-3..
  • Cosmos 1694 - . Payload: Strela-3 Mass Model. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 16142 . COSPAR: 1985-094E. Apogee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Perigee: 1,399 km (869 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min. Summary: Mass model of Strela-3..
  • Cosmos 1695 - . Payload: Strela-3 Mass Model. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 16143 . COSPAR: 1985-094F. Apogee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Perigee: 1,405 km (873 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min. Summary: Mass model of Strela-3..
  • Cosmos 1691 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 4. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 16139 . COSPAR: 1985-094B. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Cosmos 1693 - . Payload: Strela-3 Mass Model. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 16141 . COSPAR: 1985-094D. Apogee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Perigee: 1,393 km (865 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min. Summary: Mass model of Strela-3..

1986 October 9 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1987 October 9 - .
  • Death of William Bergen. Cancer of the lung and esophagus. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bergen. Summary: American Chief Designer. Oversaw the development of the Viking and Titan rockets at Martin. After the Apollo fire, hired by North American to get Apollo to the moon. Stayed on during design of the Space Shuttle and B-1 bomber..

1987 October 9 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1889 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1987-10-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 18394 . COSPAR: 1987-085A. Apogee: 371 km (230 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Summary: Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1989 October 9 - . 18:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1991 October 9 - . 13:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U2.
  • Cosmos 2163 - . Payload: Orlets-1 no. 3. Mass: 6,500 kg (14,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Orlets. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Orlets-1. Duration: 58.00 days. Decay Date: 1991-12-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 21741 . COSPAR: 1991-071A. Apogee: 308 km (191 mi). Perigee: 169 km (105 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Summary: Long duration film return military reconnaissance satellite. After returning multiple film capsules, the spacecraft was deorbited..

1992 October 9 - .
  • Peekskill Meteorite Fall (Hit Car) - . Nation: USA.

1996 October 9 - .
  • Death of Herbert R Bergeler - . Nation: Germany; USA. Related Persons: Bergeler. Summary: German-American expert in guided missiles during World War II. Worked his entire life with the rocket team, at Peenemuende, Fort Bliss, White Stands, and then at Huntsville. Died at Huntsville, Alabama..

1996 October 9 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC94. Launch Pad: FIX. Launch Vehicle: Hera. LV Configuration: Hera 6.
  • BRV/THAAD RST-1 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 309 km (192 mi).

1997 October 9 - . 17:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Foton 11 - . Payload: Foton s/n 11. Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Kayser-Threde. Class: Materials. Type: Materials science satellite. Spacecraft: Foton. Duration: 13.63 days. Decay Date: 1997-10-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 25006 . COSPAR: 1997-060A. Apogee: 363 km (225 mi). Perigee: 218 km (135 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Summary: Microgravity experiments. Landed in Kazakhstan Oct 23..
  • Mirka - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Manufacturer: Kayser-Threde. Class: Technology. Type: Re-entry vehicle technology satellite. Spacecraft: Mirka. Decay Date: 1997-10-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 25006 . COSPAR: 1997-060xx. Apogee: 363 km (225 mi). Perigee: 218 km (135 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Summary: Landed in Kazakstan Oct 23.

1998 October 9 - . 22:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. Launch Pad: SLC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas IIA. LV Configuration: Atlas IIA AC-134.
  • Hot Bird 5 - . Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Eutelsat. Manufacturer: Toulouse. Program: Eutelsat . Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 2000. USAF Sat Cat: 25495 . COSPAR: 1998-057A. Apogee: 35,807 km (22,249 mi). Perigee: 35,764 km (22,222 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. Summary: Geostationary at 10.0 degrees E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 13 deg E in 1998-1999 As of 3 September 2001 located at 12.97 deg E drifting at 0.010 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 25.56E drifting at 0.014W degrees per day..

2000 October 9 - .
  • Space Tourist Cosmonaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Loktionov; Tito.

2000 October 9 - . 05:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein DZ. Launch Pad: 7.7 N x 167.7 E. Launch Platform: L-1011. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: Pegasus H. LV Configuration: Pegasus H F30/P-35.
  • HETE-2 - . Mass: 130 kg (280 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Manufacturer: MIT. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: HETE. USAF Sat Cat: 26561 . COSPAR: 2000-061A. Apogee: 641 km (399 mi). Perigee: 598 km (372 mi). Inclination: 1.9497 deg. Period: 97.02 min. First orbital launch from Kwajalein. Second High Energy Transient Explorer; built by MIT using leftover parts from the first HETE. This failed to operate because of a Pegasus adapter failure during launch in November 1996. MIT operates the satellite, while the program is managed by NASA GSFC as an Explorer mission of opportunity. HETE's main instrument is FREGATE, the French Gamma Telescope, a hard X-ray spectrometer operating in the 6 to 400 keV energy range. This gamma ray burst detector, together with a Wide Field X-ray Monitor hard X-ray coded mask telescope, is used to trigger searches with the two Soft X-ray Imagers which have 33-arcsecond spatial resolution. This will let astronomers get precise locations for gamma-ray bursts, allowing detailed follow-up with optical instruments. The satellite is in a 595 x 636 km x 2.0 deg equatorial orbit, and sends data to a network of small ground terminals spaced around the equator.

2002 October 9 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Vehicle: Tier One.
  • White Knight Flight 6 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Binnie; Shane. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft: SpaceShipOne. Flight Time: 0.9 hours Pilot: Shane Copilot: Binnie. Objectives: Evaluate rudder mass balance modifications. Effectiveness of engine bleed air heating of the fuselage aft of the cabin (first test of SpaceShipOne Nitrous heating system). Results: Rudder vibration problem resolved. Flight cut short due to suspected over-temp of aft cabin bulkhead from engine bleed air.

2003 October 9 - . 11:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion NASA 30.54UO.
  • Student rocket Education mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

2004 October 9 - .
  • Death of Maxime A Faget - . Nation: Belize; USA. Related Persons: Faget. Summary: American Chief Designer of American manned spacecraft. Designed Mercury, Apollo, and Shuttle spacecraft..

2005 October 9 - . 21:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA1. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: NAL-735.
  • NEXST-1 F2 - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NAL. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

2006 October 9 - .
  • Cassini, Titan Flyby - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Cassini.

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